How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "biology and biochemistry"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "biology and biochemistry"

25 terms
Biochemistry -Biology
monomers
polymers
dehydration synthesis
hydrolysis
building blocks
made of repeated links of monomers
forms large molecules by the loss of water. Results in polyme…
the breakdown of molecules by the addition of water. Results…
monomers
building blocks
polymers
made of repeated links of monomers
21 terms
Biology Biochemistry
Biochemistry
Super 4 Elements
Sugars & Starches
Lipid
Explains what we're made up of and why we need to eat (metabo…
Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Hydrogen
Carbohydrates
Fats
Biochemistry
Explains what we're made up of and why we need to eat (metabo…
Super 4 Elements
Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Hydrogen
Biology: Biochemistry
Active Transport
Carrier molecule
Semi-permeable
Denature
substances moving AGAINST the concentration gradient (from an…
protein within the cell membrane that moves substances agains…
the cell allows some substances in or out, but not others
changing the shape of the protein
Active Transport
substances moving AGAINST the concentration gradient (from an…
Carrier molecule
protein within the cell membrane that moves substances agains…
27 terms
Biochemistry - Biology
carbohydrate
carbohydrate
protein
protein
can be used for immediate energy that we eat, made up of mono…
organic compound that can be used for structure, transportati…
carbohydrate
carbohydrate
can be used for immediate energy that we eat, made up of mono…
24 terms
Biochemistry for Biology
Organic chemical
Hydrogen bond
Acid
Base
Large chemical, made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
weakest of bonds; always involve the atom hydrogen
0 - 6.9 on pH scale
7.1 - 14 on pH scale
Organic chemical
Large chemical, made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
Hydrogen bond
weakest of bonds; always involve the atom hydrogen
31 terms
Biology / Biochemistry
Atoms
H
C
O
smallest unit of matter ... # of protons = # of neutrons... Up to 2…
Hydrogen
Carbon
Oxygen
Atoms
smallest unit of matter ... # of protons = # of neutrons... Up to 2…
H
Hydrogen
26 terms
Biochemistry - Biology
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate molecule
lipid molecule
single units that join together to make polymers.
Multi-unit chain of monomers linked together to make a macrom…
monomer
single units that join together to make polymers.
polymer
Multi-unit chain of monomers linked together to make a macrom…
14 terms
Biology -biochemistry
The four macromolecules
Carbohydrate function
Lipids function
Nucleic acid function
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
store energy, provides structure in plant cells
store energy, forms barriers
store genetic information, the info necessary to make proteins
The four macromolecules
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
Carbohydrate function
store energy, provides structure in plant cells
64 terms
Biology Biochemistry
Mass number
Adhesion
Ionic bond
Polysaccharide
The number of protons+ neutrons
Attraction of water molecules to other things
A bond that transfers electrons
A polymer of carbohydrates
Mass number
The number of protons+ neutrons
Adhesion
Attraction of water molecules to other things
Biochemistry -Biology
monomers
polymers
dehydration synthesis
hydrolysis
building blocks
made of repeated links of monomers
forms large molecules by the loss of water. Results in polyme…
the breakdown of molecules by the addition of water. Results…
monomers
building blocks
polymers
made of repeated links of monomers
86 terms
Biology- Biochemistry
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Proteins
Nucleic acids
Carbohydrates
Lipids
45 terms
Biology | Biochemistry
Polymer
What are the four biological macromole…
What is the protein monomer
Describe the molecular structure of an…
Large molecule made of two or more similar units
1. Nucleic Acids... 2. Carbohydrates... 3. Lipids... 4. Proteins
Amino acid
A central carbon bonded to four groups... 1. Amine group - NH2... 2…
Polymer
Large molecule made of two or more similar units
What are the four biological macromole…
1. Nucleic Acids... 2. Carbohydrates... 3. Lipids... 4. Proteins
15 terms
Biology- Biochemistry
Polarity
High Specific Heat
High Rate of Vaporization
Monomer of Nucleic Acids
Water is not balanced. Has a slightly negative charge.
Water requires a large input of water to change the temperatu…
Water goes from liquid to gas.
Nucleotides.
Polarity
Water is not balanced. Has a slightly negative charge.
High Specific Heat
Water requires a large input of water to change the temperatu…
69 terms
Biology - Biochemistry
Hydroxyl
Carbonyl
Carboxyl
Amino
A polar functional group with the structural formula -OH. Fou…
A polar functional group with the structural formula -C- with…
A polar, acidic functional group with the structural formula…
A polar, basic functional group with the structural formula -…
Hydroxyl
A polar functional group with the structural formula -OH. Fou…
Carbonyl
A polar functional group with the structural formula -C- with…
21 terms
Biology Biochemistry
Biochemistry
Super 4 Elements
Sugars & Starches
Lipid
Explains what we're made up of and why we need to eat (metabo…
Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Hydrogen
Carbohydrates
Fats
Biochemistry
Explains what we're made up of and why we need to eat (metabo…
Super 4 Elements
Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Hydrogen
26 terms
Biochemistry - Biology
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate molecule
lipid molecule
single units that join together to make polymers.
Multi-unit chain of monomers linked together to make a macrom…
monomer
single units that join together to make polymers.
polymer
Multi-unit chain of monomers linked together to make a macrom…
37 terms
Biology: Biochemistry
covalent bond
acid
base
dehydration synthesis aka condensation…
a strong bond formed when electrons are shared
molecule with a pH less than 7
molecule with a pH greater than 7
a reaction in which water is removed to create a covalent bon…
covalent bond
a strong bond formed when electrons are shared
acid
molecule with a pH less than 7
26 terms
Biology - Biochemistry
lipids
organic compounds
essential elements
nucleic acids
Provide more energy than carbohydrates, because they have mor…
contain carbon
Carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, sulfur
determine your inherited traits
lipids
Provide more energy than carbohydrates, because they have mor…
organic compounds
contain carbon
13 terms
Biology - Biochemistry
Carbon is the most important biologica…
water is the most important biological…
hydrophilic
hydrophobic
1. Makes strongest type of chemical bond, i.e covalent bonds;…
1. the major component of living tissues;... 2. involved in most…
polar molecules which H bond to water
nonpolar molecules which can't H bond to water
Carbon is the most important biologica…
1. Makes strongest type of chemical bond, i.e covalent bonds;…
water is the most important biological…
1. the major component of living tissues;... 2. involved in most…
88 terms
biology biochemistry
ground state
excited state
isotopes
half life
electrons are in lowest energy levels
when atom absorbs energy, electron move to higher energy level
atoms of one element that vary only in number of neutrons... are…
radioactive isotopes decay at known rate... can estimate fossils
ground state
electrons are in lowest energy levels
excited state
when atom absorbs energy, electron move to higher energy level
38 terms
Biology: Biochemistry
Functional Groups
Hydroxyl group
Hydrophilic
Carboxyl group
Groups of atoms that build off of carbon in organic molecules…
OH, found in sugars/carbs, polar/hydrophilic
Mixes with water
COOH, found in amino acids/fatty acids, polar/hydrophilic/aci…
Functional Groups
Groups of atoms that build off of carbon in organic molecules…
Hydroxyl group
OH, found in sugars/carbs, polar/hydrophilic
55 terms
Biochemistry (Biology)
Elements of Carbs
Elements of Protein
Elements of Lipids
Elements of Nucleic Acids
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen (CHO)
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen (CHON)
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen (CHO)
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus (CHONP)
Elements of Carbs
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen (CHO)
Elements of Protein
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen (CHON)
32 terms
Biochemistry Review -Biology
monomers
polymers
dehydration synthesis
hydrolysis
building blocks
made of repeated links of monomers
forms large molecules by the loss of water
the breakdown of molecules be the addition of water
monomers
building blocks
polymers
made of repeated links of monomers
65 terms
Biology-Biochemistry
buffer
polar covalent
unequal sharing of electrons
covalent
What keeps the pH of the body constant?
What types of bonds hold the atoms of a water molecule togeth…
What is a polar covalent bond?
In carbon dioxide, two oxygen atoms each share two valence el…
buffer
What keeps the pH of the body constant?
polar covalent
What types of bonds hold the atoms of a water molecule togeth…
55 terms
Biology: Biochemistry
Organic Compounds
Elements in Organic Compounds
Water: Oragnic or Inorganic?
Is Water polar?
Contain carbon bonded to hydrogen and other elements
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Phosphorous, Nitrogen
Inorganic - no carbon
Pulls electrons closer making slightly negative
Organic Compounds
Contain carbon bonded to hydrogen and other elements
Elements in Organic Compounds
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Phosphorous, Nitrogen
30 terms
Unit 2 Biochemistry Biology
atom
molecule
chemical reaction
reactant
The basic unit of matter.
A combination of two or more atoms.
A process in which one or more substances are changed into ot…
A starting substance in a reaction shown to the left of the a…
atom
The basic unit of matter.
molecule
A combination of two or more atoms.
53 terms
AP Biology- Biochemistry 2016
ionic bond
covalent bond
nonpolar
polar
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
electrons shared equally
electrons shared unequally
ionic bond
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
covalent bond
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
137 terms
Basic Biochemistry AP Biology
Catabolic pathways
Word Roots: an-
Word Roots: glyco-
Word Roots: -lysis
metabolic pathways that breaks down molecules into smaller un…
not (anaerobic: chemical reaction not using oxygen)
sweet;
split (glycolysis: the splitting of glucose into pyruvate)
Catabolic pathways
metabolic pathways that breaks down molecules into smaller un…
Word Roots: an-
not (anaerobic: chemical reaction not using oxygen)
51 terms
Biochemistry - Honors Biology
monomers
polymers
dehydration synthesis
hydrolysis
building blocks
made of repeated links of monomers
forms large molecules by the loss of water
the breakdown of molecules be the addition of water
monomers
building blocks
polymers
made of repeated links of monomers
27 terms
Biology Biochemistry Review
monosaccharide
disaccharide
polysaccharide / carbohydrate
fatty acid
What is this molecule?
What is this molecule?
What are these molecules?
What molecules are these?
monosaccharide
What is this molecule?
disaccharide
What is this molecule?
158 terms
Biology: Biochemistry
Atoms-Molecules-Organelle-Cells-Tissue…
18
Organism
Unicellular Organism
The list of starting with atoms that everything in the univer…
Number of elements found in living things
A complete living thing that can sustain life on its own
One cell that can live by itself
Atoms-Molecules-Organelle-Cells-Tissue…
The list of starting with atoms that everything in the univer…
18
Number of elements found in living things
88 terms
Biochemistry (Biology)
Organic compounds (carbohydrates, lipi…
Carbohydrates
CH2O
Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
What are living things composed of?
Prime source of energy - supplying 50-80% of the total calori…
Basic unit (empirical formula) of carbohydrates
What are carbohydrates composed of?
Organic compounds (carbohydrates, lipi…
What are living things composed of?
Carbohydrates
Prime source of energy - supplying 50-80% of the total calori…
50 terms
Biology & Biochemistry
ATP count in cell respiration
relative refractory period
Benedict's reagent
Pancreatic juices are released into th…
Glycolysis: 2 NADH, 2 ATP... PDH: 2 NADH... Krebs Cycle: 2 ATP, 6 N…
The period of time following an action potential when it is p…
which reagent tests for reducing sugars (have hemiacetal)
duodenum
ATP count in cell respiration
Glycolysis: 2 NADH, 2 ATP... PDH: 2 NADH... Krebs Cycle: 2 ATP, 6 N…
relative refractory period
The period of time following an action potential when it is p…
26 terms
Biochemistry - AP Biology
Polar Molecule
Hydrophilic
Nonpolar Molecule
Hydrophobic
An asymmetrical molecule with a slight charge (dipole); that…
Water loving
A symmetrical or balanced molecule with no charge; hydrophobi…
Water fearing
Polar Molecule
An asymmetrical molecule with a slight charge (dipole); that…
Hydrophilic
Water loving
56 terms
Biology: Biochemistry
atom
proton
neutron
electron
smallest/basic unit of matter
forms the nucleus, has a - charge; center of atom
forms the nucleus, no charge; center of atom
orbital, move continuously around nucleus quickly, attraction…
atom
smallest/basic unit of matter
proton
forms the nucleus, has a - charge; center of atom
18 terms
Biology 2: Biochemistry
polar
ion
hydrogen bond
cohesion
describes a molecule in which the positive and negative charg…
a particle that is electrically charged (positive or negative)
weak chemical bond formed by the attraction of positively cha…
an attraction between molecules of the same substance
polar
describes a molecule in which the positive and negative charg…
ion
a particle that is electrically charged (positive or negative)
26 terms
Biology - Biochemistry
lipids
organic compounds
essential elements
nucleic acids
Provide more energy than carbohydrates, because they have mor…
contain carbon
Carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, sulfur
determine your inherited traits
lipids
Provide more energy than carbohydrates, because they have mor…
organic compounds
contain carbon
14 terms
Biology: Biochemistry
Organic molecules
Single bond
Double bond
Triple bond
carbon containing molecules found in living organisms.
a bond in which 1 pair of electrons is shared between 2 atoms…
a bond in which 1 pair of electrons is shared between 2 atoms…
a bond in which 3 pair of electrons is shared between atoms (…
Organic molecules
carbon containing molecules found in living organisms.
Single bond
a bond in which 1 pair of electrons is shared between 2 atoms…
66 terms
Biology Biochemistry
Amino acids
Dehydration Synthesis
Amino Acid
20
the monomers that make up proteins
the type of reaction that links two amino acids together
number of types of amino acids
Amino acids
the monomers that make up proteins
Dehydration Synthesis
the type of reaction that links two amino acids together
61 terms
AP Biology- Biochemistry
ionic bond
covalent bond
nonpolar
polar
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
electrons shared equally
electrons shared unequally
ionic bond
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
covalent bond
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
25 terms
Biochemistry -Biology
monomers
polymers
dehydration synthesis
hydrolysis
building blocks
made of repeated links of monomers
forms large molecules by the loss of water. Results in polyme…
the breakdown of molecules by the addition of water. Results…
monomers
building blocks
polymers
made of repeated links of monomers
39 terms
Biochemistry -Biology
monomers
polymers
dehydration synthesis
hydrolysis
building blocks
made of repeated links of monomers
forms large molecules by the loss of water
the breakdown of molecules be the addition of water
monomers
building blocks
polymers
made of repeated links of monomers
26 terms
Biology - Biochemistry
lipds
organic compounds
essential elements
nucleic acids
Provide more energy than carbohydrates, because they have mor…
contain carbon
Carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, sulfur
determine your inherited traits
lipds
Provide more energy than carbohydrates, because they have mor…
organic compounds
contain carbon
21 terms
Biochemistry Biology
dehydration synthesis
Hydrolysis
Carbon Molecules
Functional group
Removing water system
water used for break down something thing. It is also the opp…
can bond 4 times with other things (even itself) because it h…
mean different molecules that change (like a set of interchan…
dehydration synthesis
Removing water system
Hydrolysis
water used for break down something thing. It is also the opp…
48 terms
Biochemistry - Honors Biology
monomers
polymers
dehydration synthesis
hydrolysis
building blocks
made of repeated links of monomers
forms large molecules by the loss of water
the breakdown of molecules be the addition of water
monomers
building blocks
polymers
made of repeated links of monomers
289 terms
Biology Biochemistry
What does the atomic structure of an a…
What is the atomic mass of a proton?
What is the atomic mass of a neutron?
What is the atomic mass of an electron?
-nucleus... -electrons
1
1
Not enough to be considered
What does the atomic structure of an a…
-nucleus... -electrons
What is the atomic mass of a proton?
1
49 terms
Biochemistry - AP Biology
Amino Acid
Amino Group
Carbonyl Group
Carboxyl Group (Carboxylic Acid Group)
Amino Acid
Amino Group
38 terms
Biochemistry - AP Biology
Amino Acid
Amino Group
Carbonyl Group
Carboxyl Group (Carboxylic Acid Group)
Amino Acid
Amino Group
51 terms
AP Biology- Biochemistry
ionic bond
covalent bond
nonpolar
polar
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
electrons shared equally
electrons shared unequally
ionic bond
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
covalent bond
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
80 terms
SAT II Biology - Biochemistry
Atom
ground state
isotopes
radioisotopes
Consists of:... Protons (positively charged) and Neutrons (no ch…
electrons in the lowest available energy level
Atoms of one element that vary in the number of neutrons. Exa…
radioactive isotopes
Atom
Consists of:... Protons (positively charged) and Neutrons (no ch…
ground state
electrons in the lowest available energy level
1 of 10