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Study sets matching "biology and biochemistry"

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Study sets matching "biology and biochemistry"

18 terms
Biology- biochemistry
oxygen
ionic bonds
ions
cation
3rd most abundant element in the universe, plants and animals…
atoms transfer electrons
a form of an atom where electrons are gained or lost when one…
(bonding: ionic) an atom that has lost an electron
oxygen
3rd most abundant element in the universe, plants and animals…
ionic bonds
atoms transfer electrons
36 terms
Biology: Biochemistry
4 classes of compounds in all living t…
Main element in the 4 classes found in…
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic acids
Carbon (forms covalent bonds)
Simple molecule; when repeated forms bigger molecule
The big molecule that is made of repeated monomers
4 classes of compounds in all living t…
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic acids
Main element in the 4 classes found in…
Carbon (forms covalent bonds)
68 terms
biology - biochemistry
chemistry
Atoms
Elements
compounds
Study of what substances are made of and how they change or c…
fundamental unit of matter
each different kind of atom
two or more elements chemically combined in definite proporti…
chemistry
Study of what substances are made of and how they change or c…
Atoms
fundamental unit of matter
25 terms
Biology SOL Review - Biochemistry
pH
Alkaline
Cohesion
Adhesion
p(otential of) H(ydrogen); the logarithm of the reciprocal of…
relating to or containing an alkali; having a pH greater than 7
the intermolecular force that holds together the molecules in…
the property of sticking together (as of glue and wood) or th…
pH
p(otential of) H(ydrogen); the logarithm of the reciprocal of…
Alkaline
relating to or containing an alkali; having a pH greater than 7
66 terms
Biochemistry-Biology
Atom
Acid
Covalent Bond
Element
building blocks of all matter; smallest part of an atom
pH <7; releases H+ ions when dissolved in water; proton donor
bond formed when atoms share electrons
composed of an atom; can't be broken down further
Atom
building blocks of all matter; smallest part of an atom
Acid
pH <7; releases H+ ions when dissolved in water; proton donor
45 terms
Biology- Biochemistry
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Macromolecule
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
a molecule containing a very large number of atoms
Monomer
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
Polymer
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
69 terms
Biochemistry- Biology
Elements
Atom
Parts of an atom
Isotope
Simplest form of a substance that cannot be broken down further
Actual basic unit of matter
Proton, neutron, electron
Atoms of the same element that have a different number of neu…
Elements
Simplest form of a substance that cannot be broken down further
Atom
Actual basic unit of matter
31 terms
Biochemistry - Biology
Monomer
Polymer
Monosaccharide
Polysaccharide
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
A single sugar molecule such as glucose or fructose, the simp…
Carbohydrates that are made up of more than two monosaccharides
Monomer
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
23 terms
Biology Biochemistry
4 major macromolecules? Which 3 are co…
carbohydrates (monomer, structure, fun…
lipids (monomer, structure, function,…
proteins (monomer, structure, function…
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids... carbohydrates…
monomer: monosaccharide... structure: carbon, hydrogen, and oxyg…
monomer: none... structure: long hydrocarbon chains... function: st…
monomer: amino acids... structure: long chains of amino acids... fu…
4 major macromolecules? Which 3 are co…
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids... carbohydrates…
carbohydrates (monomer, structure, fun…
monomer: monosaccharide... structure: carbon, hydrogen, and oxyg…
42 terms
Biology/Biochemistry
Absolute configuration at the Alpha po…
Amino Acids as dipolar ions
Classifications of Amino Acids: Acidic…
Glycine
- first carbon attached to a functional group ... - The spatial…
- a dipolar ion is called a zwitterion (molecules bearing bot…
- Nonpolar... - Gly, G
Absolute configuration at the Alpha po…
- first carbon attached to a functional group ... - The spatial…
Amino Acids as dipolar ions
- a dipolar ion is called a zwitterion (molecules bearing bot…
22 terms
Biology: Biochemistry
Name two types of reproduction reprodu…
Unicellular
Multicellular
Growth
Sexual and asexual
Organisms consisting of only one cell
Organisms consisting of many cells
Receive new substances faster than old substances are worn out
Name two types of reproduction reprodu…
Sexual and asexual
Unicellular
Organisms consisting of only one cell
6 terms
Biology Unit 3 - Biochemistry
biomolecule
carbohydrates
enzyme
lipids
an organic molecule produced by living organisms and consisti…
a group of organic molecules that includes sugars, starch, an…
a protein that catalyzes (speeds up) a reaction without being…
a group of organic molecules that includes fats, oils, waxes,…
biomolecule
an organic molecule produced by living organisms and consisti…
carbohydrates
a group of organic molecules that includes sugars, starch, an…
31 terms
Biology/biochemistry
What element is found in all biomolecu…
What is hydrolysis and what does it do?
What is dehydration synthesis and what…
What is proteins function? give an exa…
Carbon
Hydrolysis begins with adding water and it breaks down the po…
Dehydration synthesis begins with removing water and it build…
Proteins function is to build muscle and to help chemical rea…
What element is found in all biomolecu…
Carbon
What is hydrolysis and what does it do?
Hydrolysis begins with adding water and it breaks down the po…
24 terms
Biology: Biochemistry
Isotope
Molecule
Radioisotope
Organic molecule
atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
substances composed of two or more atoms that are covalently…
an unstable isotope that decays over time by emitting radiation
a carbon-containing molecule in which carbon atoms are nearly…
Isotope
atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
Molecule
substances composed of two or more atoms that are covalently…
25 terms
Biology, biochemistry
What are the most common elements?
What does the chemistry of carbon allow?
What are organic molecules and what do…
What are inorganic molecules and what…
Carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen. (it constitutes about 95%…
It allows the formation of an enormous variety of organic mol…
They have carbon and hydrogen; they determine structure and f…
They don't contain carbon and hydrogen together; inorganic mo…
What are the most common elements?
Carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen. (it constitutes about 95%…
What does the chemistry of carbon allow?
It allows the formation of an enormous variety of organic mol…
9 terms
Biology Unit 2 Biochemistry
Biomolecule
Carbohydrates
Enzyme
Lipids
any organic molecule produced by living organisms consisting…
a group of organic molecules that includes sugars, starch, an…
a protein that catalyzes (speeds up) a reaction without being…
a group of organic molecules that includes fats, oils, waxes…
Biomolecule
any organic molecule produced by living organisms consisting…
Carbohydrates
a group of organic molecules that includes sugars, starch, an…
132 terms
Biology/Biochemistry
What enzyme releases excessive stress…
Outline the steps of DNA replication
Which proteins synthesize RNA primers…
New DNA nucleotides are added in what…
Topoisomerase. ... T1 cuts 1 strand, T2 does both.
- specific proteins (DnaA for prokaryotes and a group of prot…
primosome.
dNTP
What enzyme releases excessive stress…
Topoisomerase. ... T1 cuts 1 strand, T2 does both.
Outline the steps of DNA replication
- specific proteins (DnaA for prokaryotes and a group of prot…
20 terms
Biology-biochemistry
Chemical Reactions
Metabolism
Buffers
Organic Molecules
When bonds between atoms are formed or broken,it requires ene…
All the chemical reactions that occur inside an organism
We have this in the blood to protect against large changes in…
It contains carbon; instead, all living things have carbon.
Chemical Reactions
When bonds between atoms are formed or broken,it requires ene…
Metabolism
All the chemical reactions that occur inside an organism
109 terms
Basic Biochemistry AP Biology
Catabolic pathways
Word Roots: an-
Word Roots: glyco-
Word Roots: -lysis
metabolic pathways that breaks down molecules into smaller un…
not (anaerobic: chemical reaction not using oxygen)
sweet;
split (glycolysis: the splitting of glucose into pyruvate)
Catabolic pathways
metabolic pathways that breaks down molecules into smaller un…
Word Roots: an-
not (anaerobic: chemical reaction not using oxygen)
19 terms
Biology/Biochemistry
Maltose
Sucrose
Lactose
Galactose
alpha 1-4 linkage of 2 D-glucoses
alpha 1-4 linkage of alpha D-glucose and ... beta D-fructose
beta D-galactose in 1,4 linkage w D-glucose
Maltose
alpha 1-4 linkage of 2 D-glucoses
Sucrose
alpha 1-4 linkage of alpha D-glucose and ... beta D-fructose
39 terms
Biology- Biochemistry
Function of a protein
Monomer of a protein
Examples of proteins
Function of a lipid
Metabolism
Amino acids
Enzymes, hormones
Energy storage
Function of a protein
Metabolism
Monomer of a protein
Amino acids
Biology/Biochemistry
Brunners glands
crypts of Lieberkuhn
dipeptidase
aminopeptidase
mucosal glands in duodenum
pits in small intestine, also contain mucus secreting glandul…
hydrolyzes peptide bonds
hydrolyzes peptide bonds
Brunners glands
mucosal glands in duodenum
crypts of Lieberkuhn
pits in small intestine, also contain mucus secreting glandul…
20 terms
Biology and Biochemistry
bio
hypo
multi
meta
life
under
many
between
bio
life
hypo
under
133 terms
Biology: Biochemistry
The two types of chemical compounds
examples of inorganic compounds
organic compounds contain ______
has the ability to combine with four a…
inorganic compounds... organic compounds
HOH... NaCI
carbon
carbon
The two types of chemical compounds
inorganic compounds... organic compounds
examples of inorganic compounds
HOH... NaCI
9 terms
Biology and Biochemistry
Non-competitive Inhibitor
Competitive Inhibitor
Uncompetitive Inhibitor
Mixed Inhibition
-Binds at an allosteric site on an enzyme... -Vmax is reduced an…
-Binds at the active site of an enzyme... -Vmax stays the same a…
-Binds enzyme-substrate complex... -Vmax is reduced and Km is re…
-Can bind at either the active site of an enzyme with a great…
Non-competitive Inhibitor
-Binds at an allosteric site on an enzyme... -Vmax is reduced an…
Competitive Inhibitor
-Binds at the active site of an enzyme... -Vmax stays the same a…
Biology: Biochemistry
pH
Ionic bond
Catalysts
Product
measurement of acidity; related to free hydrogen ion concentr…
chemical bond formed through the electrical force between opp…
substance that decreases activation energy and increases reac…
substance formed by a chemical reaction
pH
measurement of acidity; related to free hydrogen ion concentr…
Ionic bond
chemical bond formed through the electrical force between opp…
14 terms
biology - biochemistry
carbohydrate: monomer
carbohydrate: testing indicator
carbohydrate: function
lipids: monomers
monosaccharide
sugar - benedict's solution, starch - iodine solution
to provide energy, needed for physical activity, brain functi…
glycerol and fatty acids
carbohydrate: monomer
monosaccharide
carbohydrate: testing indicator
sugar - benedict's solution, starch - iodine solution
126 terms
Biology and Biochemistry
Types of dendrites
kinesin
resting membrane potential
2 proteins required to create the rest…
unipolar... bipolar... multipolar
a motor protein that drives anterograde movement (soma to axo…
-70 mV
Na+/K+ ATPase... potassium leak channel
Types of dendrites
unipolar... bipolar... multipolar
kinesin
a motor protein that drives anterograde movement (soma to axo…
18 terms
Biology - Biochemistry Vocab
Organic Molecule
Inorganic Compund
Carbohydrate (Sugar/Saccharide)
Monosaccharide
carbon-based molecule
made up of elements other than carbon and hydrogen
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
single sugar molecule
Organic Molecule
carbon-based molecule
Inorganic Compund
made up of elements other than carbon and hydrogen
15 terms
BIOLOGY - BIOCHEMISTRY
why do atoms bond together
how does life make large compounds suc…
how are large compounds digested
why are proteins so important to life
to become stable
remove water to build things
add water to chop them up
proteins are enzymes
why do atoms bond together
to become stable
how does life make large compounds suc…
remove water to build things
25 terms
IGCSE Biology - Nutrition and Biochemistry
A balanced diet includes
Describe 3 uses of food
Sources of carbohydrate
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, minerals and vitamins. As we…
1. Provides fuel for energy 2. Provides material for growth a…
Bread, pasta, rice.
Are the main 'fuel' for supplying cells with energy.
A balanced diet includes
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, minerals and vitamins. As we…
Describe 3 uses of food
1. Provides fuel for energy 2. Provides material for growth a…
51 terms
Biology - Biochemistry
cellulose
where is cellulose found?
organic
how many electrons does the outer shel…
the most abundant organic compound on Earth
in plant cell walls
carbon containing compounds
four
cellulose
the most abundant organic compound on Earth
where is cellulose found?
in plant cell walls
21 terms
Biology- Biochemistry
Two atoms that share electrons form wh…
What are ions?
What are ionic bonds?
What is adhesion?
Covelant
Atom or more cut weight electrical charge
Positive and negative charges attracting
Attraction between the same substance
Two atoms that share electrons form wh…
Covelant
What are ions?
Atom or more cut weight electrical charge
18 terms
Biology - Biochemistry
What are the sub-units of proteins?
What do amino acids determine about a…
The five main functions of proteins are?
What are the three main properties of…
Amino acids
Shape and fucntion
Structural (e.g. collagen)... Catalysts (e.g. enzymes)... Hormones…
They lower the activation energy required for a chemical reac…
What are the sub-units of proteins?
Amino acids
What do amino acids determine about a…
Shape and fucntion
73 terms
Basic Biochemistry AP Biology
proton charge
electron charge
neutron charge
proton location
+1,
-1
0
nucleus
proton charge
+1,
electron charge
-1
20 terms
Biology biochemistry
Which of the following is a carbohydra…
Lipid fats called oil's contain
Which of the following is not an organ…
What are the monomers for sucrose
C) sucrose
Long CH2 chains linked by a double covalent bonds between the…
B) ice
Glucose and fructose
Which of the following is a carbohydra…
C) sucrose
Lipid fats called oil's contain
Long CH2 chains linked by a double covalent bonds between the…
18 terms
Biology Biochemistry
Atom
Element
Compound
Structural Formula
the smallest unit of matter, composed of protons, neutrons, a…
simplest form of a substance, cannot be broken down any furth…
a substance formed by the chemical combination of 2 or more e…
line drawings of the compound that shows the elements in prop…
Atom
the smallest unit of matter, composed of protons, neutrons, a…
Element
simplest form of a substance, cannot be broken down any furth…
16 terms
Biology - Biochemistry
What are the basic building blocks of…
What is the name of a two sugar unit?
What is the several sugar unit?
3 foods that contain carbs
Monosaccharide
Disaccharide
Polysaccharide
Bread, beef, & corn
What are the basic building blocks of…
Monosaccharide
What is the name of a two sugar unit?
Disaccharide
37 terms
Biology - Biochemistry
Atom
Nucleus
Protons
Neutrons
the basic unit of structure
central portion of an atom
subatomic particle with a positive charge
subatomic particle with no charge
Atom
the basic unit of structure
Nucleus
central portion of an atom
Biology Biochemistry
Activation energy
Amino acids
Carbohydrate
Catalyst
Energy input neccessary to initiate a chemical reaction.
Acids found in proteins
Molecule composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
Substance that decreases activation energy and increases reac…
Activation energy
Energy input neccessary to initiate a chemical reaction.
Amino acids
Acids found in proteins
28 terms
Biology Biochemistry
Isotopes
Radioactivity
Half-life
Ions
atoms of the same element that differ in their number of neut…
Isotopes that are often so unstable that they fall apart and…
How long it takes for half of these atoms to break down to a…
Atoms of the same element that differ in their number of elec…
Isotopes
atoms of the same element that differ in their number of neut…
Radioactivity
Isotopes that are often so unstable that they fall apart and…
45 terms
Biology | Biochemistry
Polymer
What are the four biological macromole…
What is the protein monomer
Describe the molecular structure of an…
Large molecule made of two or more similar units
1. Nucleic Acids... 2. Carbohydrates... 3. Lipids... 4. Proteins
Amino acid
A central carbon bonded to four groups... 1. Amine group - NH2... 2…
Polymer
Large molecule made of two or more similar units
What are the four biological macromole…
1. Nucleic Acids... 2. Carbohydrates... 3. Lipids... 4. Proteins
120 terms
Biochemistry: Biology
atomic #
atomic mass
atomic mass - atomic number =
atomic mass is the average of
# of protons in an atom, defines the element
# of protons + # of neutrons
# of neutrons
all isotopes of elements
atomic #
# of protons in an atom, defines the element
atomic mass
# of protons + # of neutrons
59 terms
Biology Biochemistry
Organic compounds have
Monomers
Polymers
All of the 4 major Macromolecules are…
Carbon
Single units
Units joined together
1) monomers... 2)polymers
Organic compounds have
Carbon
Monomers
Single units
69 terms
Biology- Biochemistry
What does organic mean? What are the t…
Why is carbon special?
What are functional groups?
What is an example of a functional gro…
Contains carbon, CO2 and CO
Forms four covalent bonds, allowing for the formation of many…
Clusters of atoms which influence properties of molecules and…
Hydroxyl Group (-OH)
What does organic mean? What are the t…
Contains carbon, CO2 and CO
Why is carbon special?
Forms four covalent bonds, allowing for the formation of many…
34 terms
Biology: Biochemistry
Atom
Element
Compound
Molecule
Basic unit of a chemical element
Substance consisting of atoms which have the same number of p…
Substance formed when two or more chemical elemtns are chemic…
A group of atoms bonded together, representing the smallest f…
Atom
Basic unit of a chemical element
Element
Substance consisting of atoms which have the same number of p…
58 terms
biochemistry (biology)
Proton
Neutron
Matter
Element
Positively charged subatomic particle located in the nucleus.…
Neutral subatomic particle located in the nucleus. Has a mass…
Anything that has mass and takes up space. Made of atoms and…
Atoms with the same atomic number.
Proton
Positively charged subatomic particle located in the nucleus.…
Neutron
Neutral subatomic particle located in the nucleus. Has a mass…
162 terms
Biology/biochemistry
Which amino acids are typically modifi…
What is the only amino acid with two p…
For a reaction to proceed spontaneousl…
Which amino acid tends to form disulfi…
serine, threonine, tyrosine (those with hydroxyl groups).
histidine
decrease
cysteine
Which amino acids are typically modifi…
serine, threonine, tyrosine (those with hydroxyl groups).
What is the only amino acid with two p…
histidine
53 terms
AP Biology- Biochemistry
ionic bond
covalent bond
nonpolar
polar
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
electrons shared equally
electrons shared unequally
ionic bond
bond resulting from a transfer of electrons
covalent bond
bond resulting from the sharing of electrons
23 terms
Biology: Biochemistry
Ion
Isotope
Molecule
Enzyme
Atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons
Form of an element that has the same number of protons but a…
Two or more atoms held together by covalent bonds; not necess…
Protein that catalyzes chemical reactions for organisms
Ion
Atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons
Isotope
Form of an element that has the same number of protons but a…
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