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Study sets matching "biology animal chapter 32"

82 terms
Chapter 32 BIology Animal Diversity
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Chapter 32 An Introduction to Animal Diversity... Multiple-Choic…
Concept 32.1... Skill: Knowledge/Comprehension... 2) Both animals a…
Concept 32.1... Skill: Knowledge/Comprehension... 3) The larvae of…
Concept 32.1... Skill: Application/Analysis... 4) Which of the foll…
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Chapter 32 An Introduction to Animal Diversity... Multiple-Choic…
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Concept 32.1... Skill: Knowledge/Comprehension... 2) Both animals a…
82 terms
Chapter 32 BIology Animal Diversity
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C
B
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Chapter 32 An Introduction to Animal Diversity... Multiple-Choic…
Concept 32.1... Skill: Knowledge/Comprehension... 2) Both animals a…
Concept 32.1... Skill: Knowledge/Comprehension... 3) The larvae of…
Concept 32.1... Skill: Application/Analysis... 4) Which of the foll…
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Chapter 32 An Introduction to Animal Diversity... Multiple-Choic…
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Concept 32.1... Skill: Knowledge/Comprehension... 2) Both animals a…
82 terms
Chapter 32 BIology Animal Diversity
A
C
B
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Chapter 32 An Introduction to Animal Diversity... Multiple-Choic…
Concept 32.1... Skill: Knowledge/Comprehension... 2) Both animals a…
Concept 32.1... Skill: Knowledge/Comprehension... 3) The larvae of…
Concept 32.1... Skill: Application/Analysis... 4) Which of the foll…
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Chapter 32 An Introduction to Animal Diversity... Multiple-Choic…
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Concept 32.1... Skill: Knowledge/Comprehension... 2) Both animals a…
49 terms
Biology Chapter 32 An introduction to animal diversity
ingestion
collagen
cleavage
blastula
攝食
膠原蛋白
卵裂
囊胚
ingestion
攝食
collagen
膠原蛋白
24 terms
Chapter 32 Biology Terms: Animal Diversity
Five characteristics of animals
Hox genes
Cambrian explosion
Three hypothesis's for Cambrian explos…
1. Multicellular... 2. Heterotrophs... 3. Muscle and nervous tissue…
Genes that control the expression of many genes that influenc…
Brief time where many present-day phyla of animals first appe…
1. Increased predator-prey relationship accelerated evolution…
Five characteristics of animals
1. Multicellular... 2. Heterotrophs... 3. Muscle and nervous tissue…
Hox genes
Genes that control the expression of many genes that influenc…
Campbell Biology Chapter 32 Overview of Animal Diversity
Heterotrops
Multicellular
Deuterostomes
Protostomes
must ingest others for nutrients
Complex bodies; tissues; organs
mouth develops from the second opening
mouth develops from the first opening
Heterotrops
must ingest others for nutrients
Multicellular
Complex bodies; tissues; organs
8 terms
Chapter 32 Animal Diversity
cleavage
blastula
gastrulation
cephalization
A succession of mitotic divisions without cell growth between…
Stage where embryo is a hollow ball of cells
When layers of embryonic tissue that will develop into body p…
Central nervous system in the head
cleavage
A succession of mitotic divisions without cell growth between…
blastula
Stage where embryo is a hollow ball of cells
11 terms
Organismal Biology: Chapter 32: Animal Diversity
Distinguishing Characteristics of Anim…
(1) Nutritional Mode
(2) Cell Structure and Specialization
(3) Reproduction and Development
-Distinguishing characteristics (shared derived character)... -(…
-Ingestive heterotrophs: ingest (eat) then digest (using enzy…
-Cells have NO cell walls... -Presence of Collagen - part of ECM…
-Most reproduce sexually... -Meiosis yields gametes... -2n predomin…
Distinguishing Characteristics of Anim…
-Distinguishing characteristics (shared derived character)... -(…
(1) Nutritional Mode
-Ingestive heterotrophs: ingest (eat) then digest (using enzy…
43 terms
Chapter 32 Animal Diversity
cleavage
blastula
gastrulation
gastrula
A succession of mitotic divisions without cell growth between…
Stage where embryo is a hollow ball of cells
When layers of embryonic tissue that will develop into body p…
Stage where one end of the embryo has folded inward, forming…
cleavage
A succession of mitotic divisions without cell growth between…
blastula
Stage where embryo is a hollow ball of cells
26 terms
Biology: Chapter 32: Animal Diversity
animal
animal reproduction
homeobox
sponges
-multicellular... -heterotrophic eukaryotes ... -tissues that devel…
most reproduce sexually w/ the diploid stage dominating the l…
genes that regulate the development of cody form... -small varia…
the oldest known animals in the fossil record and are similar…
animal
-multicellular... -heterotrophic eukaryotes ... -tissues that devel…
animal reproduction
most reproduce sexually w/ the diploid stage dominating the l…
11 terms
Biology Chapter 32 Animal Phyla
Porifera
Cnidaria
Ctenophora
Platyhelminthes
sponges
cnidarians ... ex: sea anemone
ctenophores... ex: comb jellies
flatworms
Porifera
sponges
Cnidaria
cnidarians ... ex: sea anemone
80 terms
Biology: Chapter 32/Animal Diversity
How do animal cells have structural su…
Cleavage
Blastula
Gastrulation
- Proteins external to the cells connect theme to one another…
The succession of rapid cell divisions without significant gr…
A hollow ball of cells that marks the end of the cleavage sta…
A series of cell and tissue movements in which the blastula-s…
How do animal cells have structural su…
- Proteins external to the cells connect theme to one another…
Cleavage
The succession of rapid cell divisions without significant gr…
27 terms
Biology Chapter 32: Introduction to Animals - McTighe
sponges
sessile
choanocytes
ostia
aquatic animals in the phylum Porifera; heterotrophic, multic…
describes an adult sponge attaching itself firmly to a surfac…
flagellated cells that line the interior of the hollow cylind…
pores in the sponge where water is drawn into
sponges
aquatic animals in the phylum Porifera; heterotrophic, multic…
sessile
describes an adult sponge attaching itself firmly to a surfac…
9 terms
Animal Kingdom-Biology Chapter 32
Annaelida
Nematoda
Athropoda
Platyhelminthes
Segmented worms and worms
Round worm
Horshoe crab, spiders, ticks, scorpions, crabs, shrimp, lobst…
Flat worms
Annaelida
Segmented worms and worms
Nematoda
Round worm
43 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 32 An Introduction to Animal Diversity
cleavage
blastula
gastrulation
gastrula
cells will divide mitotically but they won't grow in size and…
hollow ball of cells. Is formed from multiple steps of cleavage
when the layers of embryonic tissue are produced (ectoderm, e…
the developmental stage where gastrulation is completed.
cleavage
cells will divide mitotically but they won't grow in size and…
blastula
hollow ball of cells. Is formed from multiple steps of cleavage
15 terms
Biology Chapter 32: Animal Diversity
Animals are ____
Heterotrophic
Cell structure and specialization of a…
Define Tissue
multicellular, heterotrophic eukaryotes
animals that ingest their food
1. multicellular eukaryotes... 2. lack cell walls... 3. bodies held…
groups of similar cells that act as a functional unit
Animals are ____
multicellular, heterotrophic eukaryotes
Heterotrophic
animals that ingest their food
Biology Chapter 32: An Introduction to Animal Diversity
About how many animals have been disco…
What is the morphology of animals?
What are the 10 common characteristics…
What is the purpose of extracellular m…
1.3 million species
The physical structure of them
Multicellularity, heterotrophs, no cell walls, nervous tissue…
Forms strong fibers outside of the cell for support. Is prese…
About how many animals have been disco…
1.3 million species
What is the morphology of animals?
The physical structure of them
Biology Chapter 32- Introduction to Animals
Animals
vertebrates
invertebrates
specialization
multicellular heterotrophic organisms that lack cell walls
have a backbone
don't have a backbone (95% of all animals species alive today)
the evolutionary adaptation of a cell for a particular functi…
Animals
multicellular heterotrophic organisms that lack cell walls
vertebrates
have a backbone
41 terms
Chapter 32 Biology: Animal Diversity
Heterotroph
Cleavage
Blastula
Gastrula
organisms that require at least one organic nutrient (such as…
a succession of mitotic divisions without cell growth between…
the multicellular stage that results from cleavage ; typicall…
the resulting developmental stage from gastrulation~ (process…
Heterotroph
organisms that require at least one organic nutrient (such as…
Cleavage
a succession of mitotic divisions without cell growth between…
Chapter 32 Animal Bio
CIrculatory System
Circulatory system in aquatic animals
Two types of circulatory fluids
hemolymph
functions to move fluid between various parts of the body
they don't have one - each cell is exposed to water and can i…
Blood and hemolymph
mixture of blood and tissue fluid that fills the body cavity…
CIrculatory System
functions to move fluid between various parts of the body
Circulatory system in aquatic animals
they don't have one - each cell is exposed to water and can i…
30 terms
Biology Chapter 32 Animals Vocabulary
tissues
cleavage
blastula
gastrulation
groups of similar cells that act as a functional unit
a succession of mitotic cell divisions without cell growth be…
a multi-cellular stage formed by cleavage, hollow ball
layers of embryonic tissues developing into adult body parts…
tissues
groups of similar cells that act as a functional unit
cleavage
a succession of mitotic cell divisions without cell growth be…
9 terms
AP Biology Chapter 32 Animal Phyla
Porifera
Cnidaria
Platyhelminthes
Nematoda
No tissue... Acoelomate ... No symmetry... Full of pores ... Aesexual ... Ex…
Only two layers ... Acoelomate ... Radial symmetry... Have stinging ce…
Acoelomate ... Bilateral symmetry... Flat ... Parasitic... Ex: tapeworm
Pseudocoelomate... Bilateral symmetry... Ex: hookworm
Porifera
No tissue... Acoelomate ... No symmetry... Full of pores ... Aesexual ... Ex…
Cnidaria
Only two layers ... Acoelomate ... Radial symmetry... Have stinging ce…
42 terms
Biology - Chapter 32: Introduction to Animals
Asymmetry
Anterior
Asexual Reproduction
Bilateral Symmetry
do not display symmetry
toward the head
reproduction that does not involve the union of gametes/a sin…
having similar halves on either side of a central plane... - ver…
Asymmetry
do not display symmetry
Anterior
toward the head
11 terms
chapter 32 animals Ap biology
animals
All animals
grade
Animals with bilateral symmetry have
Nutritional Mode: Animals are heterotrophs that ingest their…
only animals, have Hox genes that regulate the development of…
s a group whose members share key biological features.... • A gr…
A dorsal (top) side and a ventral (bottom) side... - A right and…
animals
Nutritional Mode: Animals are heterotrophs that ingest their…
All animals
only animals, have Hox genes that regulate the development of…
77 terms
Biology Chapter 32: Introduction to Animals
Vertebrate
Invertebrate
Multicellular, Heterotrophic, lack cel…
Specialization
What is an animal with a backbone
What is an animal without a backbone
Name four characteristics of animals
What is the differentiation of a cell for a particular function
Vertebrate
What is an animal with a backbone
Invertebrate
What is an animal without a backbone
43 terms
Chapter 32 Animal Diversity
cleavage
blastula
gastrulation
gastrula
A succession of mitotic divisions without cell growth between…
Stage where embryo is a hollow ball of cells
When layers of embryonic tissue that will develop into body p…
Stage where one end of the embryo has folded inward, forming…
cleavage
A succession of mitotic divisions without cell growth between…
blastula
Stage where embryo is a hollow ball of cells
54 terms
Chapter 32: Animal Diversity
characteristics of animals
extracellular proteins
extracellular proteins and cytoskeleton
cytoskeleton
- multicellular... - heterotrophic... - unique muscle and nervous t…
collagen and proteoglycans
provide structural support to animal cells
microtubules and microfilaments
characteristics of animals
- multicellular... - heterotrophic... - unique muscle and nervous t…
extracellular proteins
collagen and proteoglycans
77 terms
Biology Chapter 32: Introduction to Animals
What is an animal with a backbone
What is an animal without a backbone
Name four characteristics of animals
What is the differentiation of a cell…
Vertebrate
Invertebrate
Multicellular, Heterotrophic, lack cell walls, reproduce sexu…
Specialization
What is an animal with a backbone
Vertebrate
What is an animal without a backbone
Invertebrate
24 terms
Biology 102 - Chapter 32: Animal Form
epithelial
connective
elastic tissue
reticular tissue
type of tissue that forms tight packed linings
type of tissue with cells dispersed in a matrix
stretchy tissue
delicate tissue
epithelial
type of tissue that forms tight packed linings
connective
type of tissue with cells dispersed in a matrix
42 terms
Biology: Chapter 32 Intro to Animal Diversity
Cleavage
Blastula
Blastocoel
Gastrulation
The furrow that forms between two cells undergoing cell divis…
A hollow sphere of cells formed during the early stage of emb…
The inside cavity of the blastula
Leads to differentiation of tissue
Cleavage
The furrow that forms between two cells undergoing cell divis…
Blastula
A hollow sphere of cells formed during the early stage of emb…
18 terms
Chapter 32: Animal Diversity
Tissues
radial symmetry
Bilateral symmetry
gastrulation
groups of similar cells that act as a functional unit
embryonic tissue layers ("germ layers") formed ... -ectoderm, en…
Tissues
groups of similar cells that act as a functional unit
radial symmetry
71 terms
Biology Chapter 32: An overview of animal diversity
Collagens
Cell wall
Tissues
Diploid Stage
An animal's structure is held together by this protein
Animals lack a ______ (cell part)
Groups of similar cells that work as a functional unit
What stage usually dominates the life cycle?
Collagens
An animal's structure is held together by this protein
Cell wall
Animals lack a ______ (cell part)
38 terms
Biology Chapter 32: An Overview of Animal Diversity
Animals are...
Tissues
After a sperm fertilizes an egg, the z…
Cleavage leads to a formation of a mul…
Multicellular, heterotrophic eukaryotes with tissues that dev…
Groups of similar cells that act as a functional unit
Cleavage
Blastula
Animals are...
Multicellular, heterotrophic eukaryotes with tissues that dev…
Tissues
Groups of similar cells that act as a functional unit
49 terms
Chapter 32 - Introduction to Animals
animal
vertebrate
invertebrate
specializaiton
a multicellular, heterotrophic organisms that lacks cell wall…
an animal that has a backbone; includes mammals, birds, repti…
an animal that does not have a backbone.
the evolutionary adaptation of a cell, organ, organism, or po…
animal
a multicellular, heterotrophic organisms that lacks cell wall…
vertebrate
an animal that has a backbone; includes mammals, birds, repti…
32 terms
Chapter 32: Animal Diversity
Concept 32.1: Animals are multicellula…
Nutritional Mode
Cell Structure and Specialization
Tissues
There are exceptions to nearly every criterion for distinguis…
animals are heterotrophs that ingest their food
animals are multicellular eukaryotes... their cells lack cell wa…
are groups of similar cells that act as a functional unit... - n…
Concept 32.1: Animals are multicellula…
There are exceptions to nearly every criterion for distinguis…
Nutritional Mode
animals are heterotrophs that ingest their food
10 terms
Chapter 32 Animal Evolution
gastrulation
blastula
bilateral symmetry
radial symmetry
in animal development, a series of cell and tissue movements…
a hollow ball of cells that marks the end of the cleavage sta…
central longitudinal plane divides the body into two equal bu…
the body is shaped like a pie or barrel (lacking a left side…
gastrulation
in animal development, a series of cell and tissue movements…
blastula
a hollow ball of cells that marks the end of the cleavage sta…
200 terms
Chapter 32: Overview of Animal Diversity
General features of animals
Heterotrophs
Multicellularity
No cell walls
1) Heterotrophy... 2) Multicellularity ... 3) No cell walls ... 4) Act…
Ingest other organisms... Can't fix Carbon(can't construct org.…
All animals(even Porifera)... Unicell. Protazoa now in Kindom P…
Flexible... Instead held together by extra cell. matrix, like c…
General features of animals
1) Heterotrophy... 2) Multicellularity ... 3) No cell walls ... 4) Act…
Heterotrophs
Ingest other organisms... Can't fix Carbon(can't construct org.…
16 terms
Biology Chapter 32 An Introduction to Animal Diversity
Animals Overview
Animal Structure and Specialization
Reproduction and Development
The history of animals spans more than…
~ multicellular, heterotrophic eukaryotes w/ tissues that dev…
~ nutritional mode: animals are heterotrophs that ingest thei…
~ most animals reproduce sexually, w/ the diploid stage usual…
~ common ancestor of living animals may have lived b/t 675 an…
Animals Overview
~ multicellular, heterotrophic eukaryotes w/ tissues that dev…
Animal Structure and Specialization
~ nutritional mode: animals are heterotrophs that ingest thei…
Biology, Chapter 32.3, The Muscular System
smooth muscle
involuntary muscle
cardiac muscle
skeletal muscle
lines many hollow internal organs such as the stomach, intest…
muscle that cannot be controlled consciously
involuntary muscle present only in the heart
muscles attached to bones by tendons and when tightened, or c…
smooth muscle
lines many hollow internal organs such as the stomach, intest…
involuntary muscle
muscle that cannot be controlled consciously
26 terms
Biology 201, Chapter 32: Animal Diversity
Tissues
Cleavage
Blastula
Gastrulation
Groups of cells that have a common structure, function or both.
Succession of mitotic cell divisions without cell growth betw…
Formation of a multicellular stage.
The layers of embryonic tissues that will develop into adult…
Tissues
Groups of cells that have a common structure, function or both.
Cleavage
Succession of mitotic cell divisions without cell growth betw…
49 terms
Chapter 32 - Introduction to Animals
animal
vertebrate
invertebrate
specializaiton
a multicellular, heterotrophic organisms that lacks cell wall…
an animal that has a backbone; includes mammals, birds, repti…
an animal that does not have a backbone.
the evolutionary adaptation of a cell, organ, organism, or po…
animal
a multicellular, heterotrophic organisms that lacks cell wall…
vertebrate
an animal that has a backbone; includes mammals, birds, repti…
24 terms
Biology Honors - Chapter 32 (Animals)
Animal
Vertebrae
Invertebrate
Zygote
Multicellular heterotrophic organisms that lack cell walls
Animal with backbone
Animal with no backbone
Diploid cell that results from fusion of gametes
Animal
Multicellular heterotrophic organisms that lack cell walls
Vertebrae
Animal with backbone
87 terms
Biology H Chapter 32: Animals Study Guide
Most animals are mobile and use traits…
Most animals are __________.
What allows the chameleon to change co…
Animals are: (definition)
strength, speed, toxins, camouflage
mobile
chromatophores
multicellular, heterotrophic eukaryotes with tissues that dev…
Most animals are mobile and use traits…
strength, speed, toxins, camouflage
Most animals are __________.
mobile
Biology, Chapter 32.2, The Skeletal System
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
compact bone
osteocyte
includes the skull, the vertebral column, the ribs and the st…
includes the bones of the shoulders, arms, hands, hips, legs…
outer layer of all bones; dense and strong; provides strength…
living bone cells
axial skeleton
includes the skull, the vertebral column, the ribs and the st…
appendicular skeleton
includes the bones of the shoulders, arms, hands, hips, legs…
46 terms
Chapter 32 Animals
animal
vertebrates
invertebrates
specialization
multicellular heterotrophic organisms that lack cell walls
animals with a backbone
Animals without backbones
the structural adaptation of some body part for a particular…
animal
multicellular heterotrophic organisms that lack cell walls
vertebrates
animals with a backbone
24 terms
Chapter 32: Animal Diversity
4 key branching points
Tissues
Symmetry
Radial
1)Tissues... 2)Symmetry... 3)Body cavity... 4)Body plan
-Parazoa lack true tissues... -Eumetazoa have true tissues
-radial... -bilateral
Symmetry about a central axis.
4 key branching points
1)Tissues... 2)Symmetry... 3)Body cavity... 4)Body plan
Tissues
-Parazoa lack true tissues... -Eumetazoa have true tissues
12 terms
Chapter 32 - Overview of Animal Diversity
Five Criteria for Animals
Symmetry
Tissue Layers
Pseudocoelomate
1. multicellular, heterotrophic (ingest food), eukaryotes ... 2.…
1. Asymmetric - lack symmetry ... 2. Radial Symmetry - sessile (…
1. no tissue layers ... 2. Two layers (ecto & endoderm) = Diplob…
derived from blastocoel, partially lined: mesoderm on one sid…
Five Criteria for Animals
1. multicellular, heterotrophic (ingest food), eukaryotes ... 2.…
Symmetry
1. Asymmetric - lack symmetry ... 2. Radial Symmetry - sessile (…
25 terms
Biology 1111 Chapter 32: Introduction to Animals
Choanoflagellates
Neoproterzoic
Ediacaran Biota
Burgess Shale Biota
The ancestor of all animals resembled these modern eukaryotes
The ancestor of all animals arose during this time period
This time period was 565-544 million years ago. Fossils that…
This time period was 535-525 million years ago, and was the e…
Choanoflagellates
The ancestor of all animals resembled these modern eukaryotes
Neoproterzoic
The ancestor of all animals arose during this time period
43 terms
Protostome Animals (Chapter 32)
Two major derived traits:
Hemocoel
Lophotrochozoans
Lophophore
An anterior brain that surrounds the entrance to the digestiv…
Blood chamber
Lophophore and Trochophore
circular or U-shaped ring of hollow, ciliated tentacles aroun…
Two major derived traits:
An anterior brain that surrounds the entrance to the digestiv…
Hemocoel
Blood chamber
50 terms
Chapter 32: Introdction to Animal Evolution
ingestion
Characteristics of animals
two types of tissues responsible for i…
cleavage
eating other organismas or organic material thay is decomposing
multicellular, heterotrophic eukaryotes.... lack the cell walls…
nervous tissue and muscle tissue
a succession of mitotic cell division
ingestion
eating other organismas or organic material thay is decomposing
Characteristics of animals
multicellular, heterotrophic eukaryotes.... lack the cell walls…
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