Study sets matching "biology animal nutrition"

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Study sets matching "biology animal nutrition"

Animal Biology - Feeding & Nutrition
Nutrition
Nutrient
Digestible Nutrient
Protein
The science of dealing with the utilization of food by the bo…
Single class of food or group of like foods that aids in the…
The portion of the nutrient which may be broken down (digeste…
Needed for growth and repair; helps form muscles, internal or…
Nutrition
The science of dealing with the utilization of food by the bo…
Nutrient
Single class of food or group of like foods that aids in the…
65 terms
Biology - Animal Nutrition
balanced diet
how does age affect the dietary needs…
how does gender affect the dietary nee…
how does activity affect the dietary n…
provides an adequate amount of nutrients and energy to mainta…
children that are still growing require more energy per kg of…
a greater percent of male bodies consist of muscle than femal…
more active individuals require more energy to maintain their…
balanced diet
provides an adequate amount of nutrients and energy to mainta…
how does age affect the dietary needs…
children that are still growing require more energy per kg of…
31 terms
Biology- animal nutrition
Balanced diet
Effects of malnutrition ( starvation)
Effects of malnutrition ( coronary hea…
Effects of malnutrition ( constipation)
A balanced diet is a diet which consists of all nitrients in…
Starvation occurs when a person has severe deficiency of ener…
Caused by an over- abundance of intake of fatty foods, the ch…
Bowel movements are obstructed... - lack of fibre... - lack of wate…
Balanced diet
A balanced diet is a diet which consists of all nitrients in…
Effects of malnutrition ( starvation)
Starvation occurs when a person has severe deficiency of ener…
49 terms
AP Biology: Animal Nutrition
Essential Amino Acids
beriberi
scurvy
rickets
Amino acids that are needed, but cannot be made by the body
Thiamin deficiency
Vitamin C deficiency
Vitamin D deficiency
Essential Amino Acids
Amino acids that are needed, but cannot be made by the body
beriberi
Thiamin deficiency
29 terms
Biology 1620 Animal Nutrition
Herbivores, carnivores and omnivores c…
Opportunistic feeders
Most organisms (like us) are considere…
What type of feeders are there?
Opportunistic
Eat foods outside the norm if their preferred diet is unavail…
Bulk feeders
Suspension feeders, substrate feeders, fluid feeders, bulk fe…
Herbivores, carnivores and omnivores c…
Opportunistic
Opportunistic feeders
Eat foods outside the norm if their preferred diet is unavail…
21 terms
Biology- Animal Nutrition
Healthy diet
Mouth and teeth
Salivary Glands
Oesophagus
a diet that contains adequate amounts of all the necessary nu…
The mouth receives food and saliva. The teeth chew up the foo…
Produce saliva, and excrete amylase, an enzyme that breaks do…
Transports food particles down to the stomach.
Healthy diet
a diet that contains adequate amounts of all the necessary nu…
Mouth and teeth
The mouth receives food and saliva. The teeth chew up the foo…
64 terms
Biology - Animal Nutrition
What is a balanced diet?
What are the seven types of nutrients?
What does the amount of energy you nee…
What is peristalsis?
A diet containing some of each of the dofferent types of nutr…
Carbohydrates ... Proteins ... Fats ... Vitamins ... Minerals... Water... Fibre
>>Age: Young people need extra protein for growth and carbs f…
Rhythmic contractions of muscles that ripple along a tube - f…
What is a balanced diet?
A diet containing some of each of the dofferent types of nutr…
What are the seven types of nutrients?
Carbohydrates ... Proteins ... Fats ... Vitamins ... Minerals... Water... Fibre
68 terms
IGCSE Biology - Unit 2 Animal Nutrition
atom
element
molecule
metabolism
the basic unit of a chemical element
the simplest chemical substances made of only one type of atom
two or more atoms bonded together
the sum of all reactions which take place in an organism to s…
atom
the basic unit of a chemical element
element
the simplest chemical substances made of only one type of atom
30 terms
Biology - Animal Nutrition
Nutrient
Vitamins
Minerals
Balanced Diet
a substance that provides nourishment essential for growth an…
Organic substances which are only needed in tiny amounts
Inorganic substances which are needed in small amounts
A diet containing some of each of the different types of nutr…
Nutrient
a substance that provides nourishment essential for growth an…
Vitamins
Organic substances which are only needed in tiny amounts
Biology Animal Nutrition
Animals are ??
Diets must supply?
Essential Amino Acids
Phenlalanine
heterotrophs; They eat a balanced meal
1. Chemical energy ... 2. Organic building blocks for macromolec…
Help Synthesize proteins
Makes epinephrine or thyroid hormones
Animals are ??
heterotrophs; They eat a balanced meal
Diets must supply?
1. Chemical energy ... 2. Organic building blocks for macromolec…
Biology (Animal Nutrition)
Charles Copeland
Nutrition
Herbivores
Carnivores
"To eat is human, to digest divine"
Process in which food is taken in, taken apart, and taken up
Eat mainly autotrophs(plants and algae)
Eat other animals
Charles Copeland
"To eat is human, to digest divine"
Nutrition
Process in which food is taken in, taken apart, and taken up
Biology Animal Nutrition & Digestion
Eructation
Flatulence
Rumen
Reticulum
Burping
Gas emission from digestion process
Filled with microorganisms like bacteria, protists, chytrids.…
continues breakdown + has microorganisms.... Regurgitation --> C…
Eructation
Burping
Flatulence
Gas emission from digestion process
Biology 1407 - Animal Nutrition
There are 20 amino acids, all 20 not e…
The four essential nutrients
vitamins
minerals
TRUE
Vitamins... Minerals... Essential fatty acids... Essential amino acids
organic molecules
inorganic molecules
There are 20 amino acids, all 20 not e…
TRUE
The four essential nutrients
Vitamins... Minerals... Essential fatty acids... Essential amino acids
Animal Nutrition - Biology
autotroph
heterotroph
balanced diet
macronutrients
make their own food from simple molecules... require an external…
need to take in organic molecules from other organisms... exampl…
diet that provides all necessary nutrients in suitable propor…
needed in large quantities in a balanced diet
autotroph
make their own food from simple molecules... require an external…
heterotroph
need to take in organic molecules from other organisms... exampl…
64 terms
Biology 106 - Animal Nutrition
heterotrophic
four main digestive steps
vertebrate digestive system
animals require food
they need to ingest food to synthesize ATP and to gain carbon…
1. ingestion, 2. digestion, 3. absorption, 4. elimination
an organ system with different parts providing different func…
food must supply nutrients; nutrients mainly for biosynthesis…
heterotrophic
they need to ingest food to synthesize ATP and to gain carbon…
four main digestive steps
1. ingestion, 2. digestion, 3. absorption, 4. elimination
27 terms
Biology - Animal Nutrition
Digestion
Physical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Ingestion
The breaking down of large food molecules into small ones.
Breaking large pieces of food into small ones.
Breaking down large, insoluble molecules into small, soluble…
Taking of food and drink into the body through the mouth.
Digestion
The breaking down of large food molecules into small ones.
Physical Digestion
Breaking large pieces of food into small ones.
22 terms
Biology- Animal Nutrition
Diet
Nutrients
7 types of nutrients
Malnutrition vs. Starvation
The food an animaleats every day.
Food, vit., min., H2O that an organism needs to survive/maint…
1. Carbohydrates... 2. Proteins... 3. Fat(lipid)... 4. Vitamins... 5. Min…
Maln: not eating right amount/type of food... Starv: not eating
Diet
The food an animaleats every day.
Nutrients
Food, vit., min., H2O that an organism needs to survive/maint…
Biology - Animal Nutrition
Carbohydrates
Fats
Proteins
Vitamins
Found in rice and breaks down into sugars for energy
Found in cheese and is healthy for the skin and hair
Found in eggs and is used to grow and repair tissue
Found in everyday foods and boosts immune system
Carbohydrates
Found in rice and breaks down into sugars for energy
Fats
Found in cheese and is healthy for the skin and hair
31 terms
Biology Nutrition In Animal (Digestion)
Product
Substrate
Ingestion
Egestion
This is what a substrate is converted into by an enzyme.
The material or substance on which an enzyme acts.
Consumption of a substance by an organism.
The expulsion of faeces through the anus.
Product
This is what a substrate is converted into by an enzyme.
Substrate
The material or substance on which an enzyme acts.
Biology Animal Nutrition
an animal has what organism traits tha…
Complete digestive system
extracellularly
Incomplete digestive system
Eukaryota, multicellular, lack cell walls, heterotropic
Tube with seperate openings (mouth and anus)... Food digested ex…
the part of a multicellular organism outside the cells proper…
Gastrovascular cavity (bag like with single opening, food in…
an animal has what organism traits tha…
Eukaryota, multicellular, lack cell walls, heterotropic
Complete digestive system
Tube with seperate openings (mouth and anus)... Food digested ex…
Biology: Animal Nutrition
What is a balanced diet?
What are carbohydrates use in the body?
What are examples of carbohydrates?
What are fats/oils (lipids) used for i…
A diet which contains all the nutrients you need and in the c…
To provide energy for respiration
Bread, cereal, pasta, rice, bananas, potatoes
As a rich source of energy for respiration and also in connec…
What is a balanced diet?
A diet which contains all the nutrients you need and in the c…
What are carbohydrates use in the body?
To provide energy for respiration
37 terms
Biology: Animal nutrition
Animals need _____ _____ as a source o…
An animal has to have a certain calori…
_____ _____ can not be manufactured by…
_____ are nutrients required in relati…
organic material
undernourished
essential nutrients
macronutrients
Animals need _____ _____ as a source o…
organic material
An animal has to have a certain calori…
undernourished
Biology 102 animal nutrition
Differentiate between a mammal and an…
Contrast between herbivores, omnivores…
Define ATP.
Where is ATP synthesized?
mammary glands, hair, live birth, and warm blooded
herbivores- eat autotrophs plants/algae, omnivores-consume an…
Adenosine triphosphate
Mitochondria
Differentiate between a mammal and an…
mammary glands, hair, live birth, and warm blooded
Contrast between herbivores, omnivores…
herbivores- eat autotrophs plants/algae, omnivores-consume an…
Biology - Animal Nutrition
What's an autotroph?
What's a heterotroph?
What needs to be in a diet in order fo…
What's a macronutrient?
an autotroph is an organism that can produce its own food fro…
an organism that needs to take in food molecules from other o…
- Macronutrients: Carbohydrates and Fats (for energy) and pro…
a nutrient that is needed in large quantities.
What's an autotroph?
an autotroph is an organism that can produce its own food fro…
What's a heterotroph?
an organism that needs to take in food molecules from other o…
33 terms
Biology - Animal Nutrition
Balanced diet
Nutrient
Symptoms of kwashiorkor
Symptoms of marasmus
Provides an adequate intake of nutirents and energy needed to…
A substance in food that provides benefit to the body
Oedema ( sweeping of the abdomen and legs ), sparse, dry hair…
Very low body mass, thin arms and legs, little muscle or fat,…
Balanced diet
Provides an adequate intake of nutirents and energy needed to…
Nutrient
A substance in food that provides benefit to the body
Biology Final animal nutrition
four classes of essential nutrients
how many amino acids do animals require
how are essential amino acids obtained
complete proteins
amino acids, fatty acids (synthesize cellular components), vi…
20
frood in preassembled form
meat, eggs, and cheese
four classes of essential nutrients
amino acids, fatty acids (synthesize cellular components), vi…
how many amino acids do animals require
20
Biology enzymes and animal nutrition
Anabolic enzyme
Catabolic enzyme
Amylase acts on
Lipase acts on
An enzyme that joins two smaller molecules into a large molec…
An enzyme that breaks down large molecules into large ones
Starch
Lipids
Anabolic enzyme
An enzyme that joins two smaller molecules into a large molec…
Catabolic enzyme
An enzyme that breaks down large molecules into large ones
Lecture 11 - Animal Nutrition |Biology|
Nutrition is not only the need for foo…
Nutrition
Animals require five categories of org…
What are inorganic nutrients
the need for the right components... that will support survival…
process of consuming and using food and nutrients
carbohydrates... proteins... lipids... nucleic acids ... vitamins
water and minerals
Nutrition is not only the need for foo…
the need for the right components... that will support survival…
Nutrition
process of consuming and using food and nutrients
40 terms
Biology Chapter 41 - Animal Nutrition
Types of feeding based on diets
What are the food processing stages?
Ingestion
Digestion
Carnivores - eat other animals... Herbivores - eat plants... Omnivo…
Ingestion ... Digestion... Absorption ... Elimination
taking in food
break down of food into small molecules
Types of feeding based on diets
Carnivores - eat other animals... Herbivores - eat plants... Omnivo…
What are the food processing stages?
Ingestion ... Digestion... Absorption ... Elimination
92 terms
Biology: Chapter 41 Animal Nutrition
Undernourishment
Overnourishment
Essential Nutrients
Vitamins
A diet that is chronically deficient in calories
A diet that has detrimental effects related to excessive food…
Materials that must be obtained in preassembled form because…
Organic molecules needed in small amounts (0.01-100 mg/day) w…
Undernourishment
A diet that is chronically deficient in calories
Overnourishment
A diet that has detrimental effects related to excessive food…
16 terms
Biology Animal Nutrition (Chapter 7)
Alimentary canal
Absorption
Digestion
Mechanical digestion
A long tube running from mouth to anus
The movement of digested food molecules through the wall of t…
The breakdown of large, insoluble food molecules into small m…
The breakdown of food into smaller pieces without chemical ch…
Alimentary canal
A long tube running from mouth to anus
Absorption
The movement of digested food molecules through the wall of t…
36 terms
Chapter 7 Biology: Animal Nutrition
Balanced diet
The alimentary canal
Malnutrition
Obesity
A diet which contains all seven nutrients in the correct amou…
Along to which runs from the mouth to the anus. Is part of th…
Not eating a balanced diet. Not getting the seven nutrients i…
Taken more energy than they can use so it is stored. Leads to…
Balanced diet
A diet which contains all seven nutrients in the correct amou…
The alimentary canal
Along to which runs from the mouth to the anus. Is part of th…
5 terms
IGCSE BIOLOGY 7 ANIMAL NUTRITION
BALANCED DIET
NUTRITION
VITAMINS
MINERAL
A diet containing some of each of the different types of nutr…
taking in materials that are required for energy growth and d…
organic substances required in small quantities in the diet
An inorganic ion required in small quantities by living organ…
BALANCED DIET
A diet containing some of each of the different types of nutr…
NUTRITION
taking in materials that are required for energy growth and d…
17 terms
Nutrition in Animals (Biology)
absorption
amoeba
assimilation
bile
Digested food now passes into the blood vessels in the wall o…
A microscopic single-celled organism found in pond water.
Absorbed substances are transported via the blood vessels to…
A kind of juice that is stored in the gal bladder and plays a…
absorption
Digested food now passes into the blood vessels in the wall o…
amoeba
A microscopic single-celled organism found in pond water.
33 terms
Biology Ch 41 Animal Nutrition
Break up, mix, move food material... Secr…
Absorption
Has specialized compartments
Hydrolysis
What are the tasks of the digestive system?
Which process of the digestive system is most important?
How does a complete digestive system differ from a gastrovasc…
Reaction involving the breaking of a bond in a molecule using…
Break up, mix, move food material... Secr…
What are the tasks of the digestive system?
Absorption
Which process of the digestive system is most important?
12 terms
Biology Chapter 44: Animal Nutrition
The 4 steps of eating:
Essential nutrients
Adaptive radiation
Incomplete digestive tract
ingestion, digestion, absorption, and elimination
cannot be synthesized and must be ingested in diet
An evolutionary pattern in which many species evolve from a s…
single opening serves for both ingestion and elimination
The 4 steps of eating:
ingestion, digestion, absorption, and elimination
Essential nutrients
cannot be synthesized and must be ingested in diet
Biology Lecture 4- Animal Nutrition
Which features of evolution allows for…
convergent evolution
Example of convergent evolution
How does surface area and volume affec…
Adaptation and natural selection
process where animals not related evolve at different time to…
seal, tuna and penguin all have the streamline body shape to…
the higher the surface area or the number of cells the more o…
Which features of evolution allows for…
Adaptation and natural selection
convergent evolution
process where animals not related evolve at different time to…
28 terms
Biology - animal nutrition
7 food groups needed for a balanced diet
What is fat used for in the diet
What are the risks of not getting enou…
What are carbs for in the diet
Fats/Carbs/Proteins/Minerals/Vitamins/Water/Fibre(roughage)
For energy and to keep you warm (insulation)
Cold, tired, anorexia
For energy
7 food groups needed for a balanced diet
Fats/Carbs/Proteins/Minerals/Vitamins/Water/Fibre(roughage)
What is fat used for in the diet
For energy and to keep you warm (insulation)
18 terms
Biology Nutrition in Animals
Energy
Balanced diet
Carbohydrate
Protein
The ability to do work. It is measured in joules or kilojoules
Getting all the essential food groups in the correct proporti…
Provides energy
Building for growth and repair of cells. It gets broken down…
Energy
The ability to do work. It is measured in joules or kilojoules
Balanced diet
Getting all the essential food groups in the correct proporti…
55 terms
College Biology 102: Animal Nutrition
Herbivores
Carnivores
Omnivores
Suspension Feeders
Eat plants
Eat other animals
Eat both plants and animals
Sift small food particles from the water (Ex: clams, oysters,…
Herbivores
Eat plants
Carnivores
Eat other animals
47 terms
Biology 202 Animal Nutrition (A)
metabolism
endotherm
carbohydrates... lipid... protein
Undernourishment
ATP powers_______(cellular respiration)
More energy: ectotherm or endotherm?... and why?
ATP derived from oxidation of organic fuel molecules... Organic…
Less calories=uses fat for energy or breaks it down
metabolism
ATP powers_______(cellular respiration)
endotherm
More energy: ectotherm or endotherm?... and why?
49 terms
Biology 202 Animal Nutrition (B)
Invertebrate
Lumbricus(underlined)
dirt... soil
Pharynx to esophagus to crop to gizzar…
Earthworms are what type of vertebrate?
Earthworm Genus?
what do earthworms eat?
invertebrate digestive system
Invertebrate
Earthworms are what type of vertebrate?
Lumbricus(underlined)
Earthworm Genus?
Campbell Biology Chapter 41 Animal Nutrition
Nutrition
Herbivores
Carnivores
Omnivores
food is taken apart and taken up in the process
eat mainly plants and algae
eat other animals
regularly consume animals as well as plants or algae.
Nutrition
food is taken apart and taken up in the process
Herbivores
eat mainly plants and algae
biology nutrition in animals
define a balanced diet
what are carbohydrates used for
what are proteins used for
what are lipids used for
a diet containing carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, minerals,…
energy
growth and repair
insulation and energy
define a balanced diet
a diet containing carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, minerals,…
what are carbohydrates used for
energy
42 terms
biology-nutrition in animals
a balanced diet?
carbohydrates
proteins
lipids
when the 7 components are essential in the right proportions…
potato-made of glucose molecules joined together ... glucose use…
meat-made of many amino acids joined up... needed for growth, re…
burger-made up of glycerols and fatty acids... a source of energ…
a balanced diet?
when the 7 components are essential in the right proportions…
carbohydrates
potato-made of glucose molecules joined together ... glucose use…
Chapter 41 AP Biology-Animal Nutrition
Animals diet must provide (3 things)
essential nutrients and the 4 classes
vitamins
essential amino acids
chemical energy for cellular processes, organic building bloc…
materials that an animal cannot assemble from simpler organic…
organic molecules required in the diet in very small amounts…
animals require 20 amino acids and can synthesize about half…
Animals diet must provide (3 things)
chemical energy for cellular processes, organic building bloc…
essential nutrients and the 4 classes
materials that an animal cannot assemble from simpler organic…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 44 Animal Nutrition
A Nutrient
Food
4-Step Process in Animal Nutrition
Essential Nutrients
A substance an organism needs to stay alive. ex: Carbohydrate…
Any material that contains nutrients
1. Ingestion- take in food. 2. Digestion- Breakdown of food i…
Nutrients that cannot be synthesized and must be obtained fro…
A Nutrient
A substance an organism needs to stay alive. ex: Carbohydrate…
Food
Any material that contains nutrients
Animal Nutrition
Essential nutrients
Balanced diet
Malnutrition
Obesity
Carbohydrate, fat, protein, vitamins, minerals, fibre & water
A diet containing all of the essential nutrients in the corre…
The result of an unbalanced diet
The result of overeating and gaining excessive amount of weig…
Essential nutrients
Carbohydrate, fat, protein, vitamins, minerals, fibre & water
Balanced diet
A diet containing all of the essential nutrients in the corre…
12 terms
biology............Nutrition in animals
food
nutrients
carbohydrates
protiens
any substance which gives a body the energy to perform life p…
any substance which gives a living organism the energy to per…
- the instant energy giving foods ... -carbohydrates are further…
-they are body building foods ... -examples for proteins are pul…
food
any substance which gives a body the energy to perform life p…
nutrients
any substance which gives a living organism the energy to per…
85 terms
Animal Nutrition
What are the fat soluble vitamins?
What does NFC stand for?
Why is TDN not an ideal unit?
GE
ADEK
Non-fiber carbohydrates
Undervalues protein content
combustible energy
What are the fat soluble vitamins?
ADEK
What does NFC stand for?
Non-fiber carbohydrates
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