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Study sets matching "biology cell division"

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Study sets matching "biology cell division"

57 terms
AP Biology Cell Division
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Cell Division
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
The division of the cytoplasm to form two separate daughter c…
The reproduction of cells
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
27 terms
Cell Division Biology Honors
G1
S phase
G2
Interphase
Growth phase
When DNA Replication occurs
The stage of interphase where the organelles divide
Cell growth
G1
Growth phase
S phase
When DNA Replication occurs
57 terms
AP Biology Cell Division
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Cell Division
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
The division of the cytoplasm to form two separate daughter c…
The reproduction of cells
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
30 terms
LC Biology Cell Division
cell division
Reproduction
Mitosis and Meiosis
asexual reproduction
the process in reproduction and growth by which a cell divide…
When a unicellular organism carries out mitosis , this result…
2 types of cell division
The production of genetically identical offspirng from a sing…
cell division
the process in reproduction and growth by which a cell divide…
Reproduction
When a unicellular organism carries out mitosis , this result…
34 terms
RHS Biology - Cell Division
Surface Area
Volume
Cell Division
Cell Growth
the outside area of something (length x width) x 6 sides
the quantity of space occupied by a liquid, solid, or gas (le…
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
cell development and cell division
Surface Area
the outside area of something (length x width) x 6 sides
Volume
the quantity of space occupied by a liquid, solid, or gas (le…
57 terms
AP Biology Cell Division
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Cell Division
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
The division of the cytoplasm to form two separate daughter c…
The reproduction of cells
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
8 terms
AS Biology Cell Division
Mitosis
Main stages of mitosis
Significance of mitosis
Mitosis in plants vs mitosis in animals
Mitosis occupies only a small percentage of the cell cycle an…
Interphase... - ATP production... - cell growth... - protein synthesis…
Growth of multicellular organisms - cells genetically identic…
Animals... - most cells can divide by mitosis... - cytokinesis begi…
Mitosis
Mitosis occupies only a small percentage of the cell cycle an…
Main stages of mitosis
Interphase... - ATP production... - cell growth... - protein synthesis…
27 terms
Biology Review: Cell Growth & Division
Cell cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosome
An ordered sequence of events (including interphase and the m…
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Division of the cell cytoplasm
A long, continuous thread of DNA containing many genes and re…
Cell cycle
An ordered sequence of events (including interphase and the m…
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
26 terms
IB Biology - Cell Division
mitosis
cytokinesis
Interphase
G1 phase
nuclear division
cell division; cytoplasm divides
stage in which cell performs task for which it is preprogrammed
follows mitosis; period of cell growth
mitosis
nuclear division
cytokinesis
cell division; cytoplasm divides
42 terms
Cell Division- Biology (Thessen)
Homologous chromosomes
G1 phase
G2 phase
S phase
chromosomes that contain the same genes.
When the cell grows and does its job.
When the cell grows and doubles its organelles in preparation…
When the cell replicates its DNA
Homologous chromosomes
chromosomes that contain the same genes.
G1 phase
When the cell grows and does its job.
98 terms
biology final (cell division)
cell cycle
gap 1
synthesis
gap 2
a regular pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell divisi…
cell growth, organelle replication, and normal functions
DNA replication
additional growth and normal functions
cell cycle
a regular pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell divisi…
gap 1
cell growth, organelle replication, and normal functions
15 terms
Biology 6A Cell Division
CHROMOSOME
MITOSIS
BINARY FISSION
CHROMATID
COMPACT STRUCTURES OF DNA AND PROTEINS
CELL DIVISION THAT CREATES TWO CELLS THAT ARE GENETICALLY IDE…
CELL DIVISION THAT OCCURS IN PROKARYOTES
HALF OF A CHROMOSOME
CHROMOSOME
COMPACT STRUCTURES OF DNA AND PROTEINS
MITOSIS
CELL DIVISION THAT CREATES TWO CELLS THAT ARE GENETICALLY IDE…
50 terms
Academic Biology: Cell Division
Chromatin
Chromosome
Homologous Chromosomes
Chromatids
Stringy molecule of DNA and proteins
Super coiled chromatin in an "X" shape
Pair of chromosomes with the same size, gene type, and banding
the two structures that make up a chromosome
Chromatin
Stringy molecule of DNA and proteins
Chromosome
Super coiled chromatin in an "X" shape
23 terms
Biology SOL Review - Cell Division
Centriole
Chromosome
Haploid
Diploid
one of two small cylindrical cell organelles composes of 9 tr…
a threadlike body in the cell nucleus that carries the genes…
an organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosomes
an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes or twice t…
Centriole
one of two small cylindrical cell organelles composes of 9 tr…
Chromosome
a threadlike body in the cell nucleus that carries the genes…
29 terms
Biology - Cell Division
Cells are capable of what?
Cell create cells that are genetically…
When a cell become too large this is t…
Cell division occurs because cell volu…
division
similar
cell division
surface area
Cells are capable of what?
division
Cell create cells that are genetically…
similar
36 terms
Biology Cell Division
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromososme
process by which a cell divides into 2 new daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
form of reproduction in which cells of 2 parents unite to for…
threadlike structure of dna and protein that contain genetic…
cell division
process by which a cell divides into 2 new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
27 terms
ATS GCSE Biology - Cell division
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Body cells
Cell cycle
Contains chromosomes
Made of DNA molecules... Carry a large number of genes
Chromosomes are normally found in pairs... Except in the gametes…
A series of stages where cells divide
Nucleus
Contains chromosomes
Chromosomes
Made of DNA molecules... Carry a large number of genes
32 terms
Biology Unit 5 Cell Division
Mitosis
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. ... Final product is 2 ce…
1st phase... Chromatin coils making chromosomes visible... nuclear…
2nd phase ... Centromeres of duplicated chromosomes are aligned…
3rd phase... the chromatids of each chromosome separate at the…
Mitosis
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. ... Final product is 2 ce…
Prophase
1st phase... Chromatin coils making chromosomes visible... nuclear…
49 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
Chromosome
Proteins
Chromatid
1
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins, during cell d…
Each chromosome is a single DNA molecule associated with ____
Each half of the chromosome
New cells will receive ____ chromatin from each chromosome
Chromosome
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins, during cell d…
Proteins
Each chromosome is a single DNA molecule associated with ____
25 terms
Biology for cell division and cancer
crossing over
p53
chromatin
chromatid
the exchange of DNA between chromosome pairs that can occur d…
Gene that monitors DNA during the G1 phase of the cell cycle…
when the cell is NOT dividing; looks like messy hair
each side of the chromosome (divides)
crossing over
the exchange of DNA between chromosome pairs that can occur d…
p53
Gene that monitors DNA during the G1 phase of the cell cycle…
36 terms
Biology - Cell Cycle and Division
Chromosome
Cyclin
Karyotype
Mitosis
Bodies within the nucleus made in DNA and proteins called the…
one of a family of closely related proteins that regulate the…
A picture of all the chromosomes in a cell arranged in pairs
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
Chromosome
Bodies within the nucleus made in DNA and proteins called the…
Cyclin
one of a family of closely related proteins that regulate the…
57 terms
AP Biology Cell Division
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Cell Division
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
The division of the cytoplasm to form two separate daughter c…
The reproduction of cells
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
32 terms
Biology: Cells and Cell Division (Mitosis)
Cell Theory
Cell Organelles
Tissue
Organs
1. Cells are the basic building blocks of living things.... 2. A…
Small collection of molecules, or little organs, that perform…
Many cells combine to make this structure. Ex. osteocytes mak…
Tissues that perform a specific function. Ex. Muscle tissue m…
Cell Theory
1. Cells are the basic building blocks of living things.... 2. A…
Cell Organelles
Small collection of molecules, or little organs, that perform…
68 terms
AP BIOLOGY CELL DIVISION
cell division functions in
mitosis produces
meiosis occurs
a chromosome consists of
growth, repair, and reproduction
two genetically identical daughter cells and conserves the ch…
in the sexually reproducing organisms and resultes in cells w…
highly coiled and condensed strand of DNA
cell division functions in
growth, repair, and reproduction
mitosis produces
two genetically identical daughter cells and conserves the ch…
33 terms
Biology-Cell Division and More
Why do Cells Divide?
Prokaryotic cells
Binary fission
Prokaryotic cells
-Growth... -Replacing old or damaged cells ... -Healing
Without nucleus, single, circular chromosome
A form of asexual reproduction - form of cell division for pr…
Cell life cycle much shorter than eukaryotes - happens very f…
Why do Cells Divide?
-Growth... -Replacing old or damaged cells ... -Healing
Prokaryotic cells
Without nucleus, single, circular chromosome
26 terms
Biology cell growth and division
mitosis
cytokinesis
cell cycle
cancer
division of the nucleus
division of the cytoplasm
events cells go through as they grow and divide
condition in which cells grow uncontrollabley
mitosis
division of the nucleus
cytokinesis
division of the cytoplasm
28 terms
Biology-Cell Division
Structure of nuclear DNA
Prophase
Prometaphase
Kinetochores microtubles
organization of eukaryotic chromosomes:... 1. DNA double helix…
1.Chromosomes condense and become visible... 2.Spindle fibers em…
1.Chromosomes continue to condense... 2.Kinetochores appear at t…
is a protein structure on chromatids where the spindle fibers…
Structure of nuclear DNA
organization of eukaryotic chromosomes:... 1. DNA double helix…
Prophase
1.Chromosomes condense and become visible... 2.Spindle fibers em…
46 terms
Applied Biology Cell Division
Chromatin
Chromosome
Homologous Chromosomes
Chromatids
Stringy molecule of DNA and proteins
Super coiled chromatin in an "X" shape
Pair of chromosomes with the same size, gene type, and banding
the two structures that make up a chromosome
Chromatin
Stringy molecule of DNA and proteins
Chromosome
Super coiled chromatin in an "X" shape
55 terms
AP Biology Cell Division
binary fission
mitosis
meiosis
diploid number
prokaryotic cell division; asexual reproduction
eukaryotic cell division (results in diploid)
gamete making process (results in haploid)
2N (in humans 46 chromosomes)
binary fission
prokaryotic cell division; asexual reproduction
mitosis
eukaryotic cell division (results in diploid)
6 terms
Biology Cell Division and Differentiation
Mitosis
cell differentiation
daughter cells
multicellular organism
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
the process by which a cell becomes specialized for a specifi…
The cells that are produced as a result of mitosis. These cel…
Organism made up of many cells
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
cell differentiation
the process by which a cell becomes specialized for a specifi…
25 terms
SAT Biology - Cell Division
What are cyclins?
What are internal regulators?
What are growth factors?
What happens during G₀?
regulatory proteins of the cell cycle
proteins that make sure that the cell does not undergo mitosi…
*external regulators* of the cell cycle: speeding it up, slow…
dormant stage; no division
What are cyclins?
regulatory proteins of the cell cycle
What are internal regulators?
proteins that make sure that the cell does not undergo mitosi…
23 terms
Cell Biology - Cell Division
The nucleus controls
specific number of chromosomes
Diploid
unicell - purpose
activities within the cell, including cell division. It conta…
known as the chromosome compliment
in each pair, one chromosome is from the mother and other fro…
means by which they reproduce
The nucleus controls
activities within the cell, including cell division. It conta…
specific number of chromosomes
known as the chromosome compliment
Biology- Cell Division
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Cell grows and copies DNA
Individual chromosomes become visible... Centrioles separate ... Sp…
Chromosomes line up in center
Chromatids separate and move along spindle fibers to opposite…
Interphase
Cell grows and copies DNA
Prophase
Individual chromosomes become visible... Centrioles separate ... Sp…
54 terms
DAT Biology (Cell Division)
two genetically identical daughter cells
2n
n
centromere
What does mitosis produce?
What is the number of products produced by mitosis?
What is the number of products produced by meiosis?
A specialized region that holds the two chromosomes together/
two genetically identical daughter cells
What does mitosis produce?
2n
What is the number of products produced by mitosis?
30 terms
Biology - Cell Division
Interphase
Interphase (image)
G1
S
Includes Growth Phase 1, Synthesis Phase, and Growth Phase 2.…
Period of cell growth before the DNA is duplicated (interphas…
Period when DNA is duplicated (chromosomes are duplicated)
Interphase
Includes Growth Phase 1, Synthesis Phase, and Growth Phase 2.…
Interphase (image)
36 terms
Biology: Cell Division
Chromatin
Chromosome
Gene
Allele
Blobs of unorganized DNA that occur when the cell is not divi…
DNA wound into a highly organized, condensed structure that h…
A chunk of DNA that codes for a specific protein.
A version of a gene.
Chromatin
Blobs of unorganized DNA that occur when the cell is not divi…
Chromosome
DNA wound into a highly organized, condensed structure that h…
12 terms
Biology: Meiotic Cell Division
Meiosis
Interphase
Prophase I
Metaphase I
A type of cell formation that occurs in two divisions. beginn…
-Chromosomes duplicate, forming two sister chromatids attache…
-Occupies 90% of the time... -Chromatin coils up and forms disti…
-Tetrads align on the metaphase plate between the two spindle…
Meiosis
A type of cell formation that occurs in two divisions. beginn…
Interphase
-Chromosomes duplicate, forming two sister chromatids attache…
33 terms
Biology/CellDivision
chromosome
chromatid
chromatin
centromere
In the nucleus of each cell, the DNA molecule is packaged int…
a thick strand made up of condensed dna; one copy of a newly…
a substance of DNA and proteins (looks like string) (8)
the region where sister chromatids are bound together (5)
chromosome
In the nucleus of each cell, the DNA molecule is packaged int…
chromatid
a thick strand made up of condensed dna; one copy of a newly…
KCS Biology - Cell Division
Replication
Cytokinesis
Asexual reproduction
Diploid
Making a copy of DNA during interphase.
Division of the cytoplasm occurs after telophase.
Offspring arises from a single organism. Genetically identica…
Two sets of chromosomes, the normal number (2n)
Replication
Making a copy of DNA during interphase.
Cytokinesis
Division of the cytoplasm occurs after telophase.
24 terms
AP Biology Cell Division
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Genome
Chromosomes
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
The genetic material of an organism or virus
A cellular structure carrying genetic material, found in the…
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
95 terms
Biology Cell Division
why do cells divide, why cant they jus…
DNA overload
why is the ratio of SA to V an issue?
DNA Overload: when a cell needs a prot…
1. DNA overload... 2. ratio of surface area to volume
the larger a cell becomes, the more demands the cell places o…
if the cell grows too large, it will be unable to move enough…
RNA (copies of genes), nucleus, ribosomes
why do cells divide, why cant they jus…
1. DNA overload... 2. ratio of surface area to volume
DNA overload
the larger a cell becomes, the more demands the cell places o…
11 terms
Biology: Mitotic Cell Division
Interphase
G1 phase
S phase
G2 Phase
The growing phase that makes up most of a cell's life cycle
-Gap 1... -Cell grows and elongates
-Synthesis... -DNA is synthesized, chromosomes are copied, cell…
-Gap 2... -Cell grows more and prepares for cell division
Interphase
The growing phase that makes up most of a cell's life cycle
G1 phase
-Gap 1... -Cell grows and elongates
9 terms
Biology - Cell Division
mitosis
interphase
division phase
the phases of mitosis
The process by which cells replicate themselves... - to grow an…
the cell performs all the normal metabolic activities which t…
the cell undergoes the phases of mitosis
1. prophase... 2. metaphase... 3. anaphase... 4. telophase
mitosis
The process by which cells replicate themselves... - to grow an…
interphase
the cell performs all the normal metabolic activities which t…
66 terms
Biology- Cell Division
Binary fission typically occurs in
Uncoiled or unraveled DNA and proteins
Which stage does a cell spend most of…
Duplication of chromosomes
Prokaryotes
Chromatin
Interphase
S
Binary fission typically occurs in
Prokaryotes
Uncoiled or unraveled DNA and proteins
Chromatin
42 terms
Biology Notes Cell Division
Cell Division
Cell Cycle
Parent Cell
Daughter Cells
The process of a cell dividing to create new cells
The life cycle of a cell, including growth and reproduction
Cell that will divide
Cells formed after cell division
Cell Division
The process of a cell dividing to create new cells
Cell Cycle
The life cycle of a cell, including growth and reproduction
16 terms
Cell Division Review (Biology)
Cytokinesis
Spindle
A chromosome consists of two identical…
Series of events a cell goes through a…
Division of the cytoplasm
Structure made of fibers that help to move chromosomes during…
Chromatids
Cycle
Cytokinesis
Division of the cytoplasm
Spindle
Structure made of fibers that help to move chromosomes during…
61 terms
biology: cell division
cell division
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
the process by which a parent cell divides into two or more d…
The series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
cell division
the process by which a parent cell divides into two or more d…
cell cycle
The series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
40 terms
Biology Cell Division Exam
What is the cell cycle
What is mitosis
What is meiosis
How does a bacteria divide
the life cycle of the cell
cell division of the somatic cell
cell division of a gametic cell
binary fission
What is the cell cycle
the life cycle of the cell
What is mitosis
cell division of the somatic cell
32 terms
SAT Biology Cell Division
Mitosis
phases of mitosis
Meiosis
Chromosome
-Growth and repair of body cells... -Two genetically identical d…
-Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase
-In sexual reproduction... -Produce gametes (sperm and ova) with…
-Highly coiled and condensed strand of DNA... -Replicated chromo…
Mitosis
-Growth and repair of body cells... -Two genetically identical d…
phases of mitosis
-Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase
57 terms
AP Biology Cell Division
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Cell Division
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
The division of the cytoplasm to form two separate daughter c…
The reproduction of cells
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. Produces g…
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