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Study sets matching "biology cells division meiosis"

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Study sets matching "biology cells division meiosis"

37 terms
Cell Division and Meiosis (Biology)
Describe the G1 phase in cell division
Describe the S phase in cell division
Describe the G2 phase in cell division
Describe stage M in cell divison
This is where the cell grows very quickly and some cells such…
This is the synths stage. In this stage the cell's DNA is cop…
This is the cell's 2nd growth stage. The cell basically just…
This is where mitosis happens the nucleus of the cell divides
Describe the G1 phase in cell division
This is where the cell grows very quickly and some cells such…
Describe the S phase in cell division
This is the synths stage. In this stage the cell's DNA is cop…
7 terms
Biology: Cell Division - Meiosis
How many chromosomes do Human cells ha…
How many chromosomes do Gametes have?
So what happens when egg and sperm com…
What is Meiosis?
23 Pairs (43).
One copy of each (23).
It'll contain 46 chromosomes. ... One set of 23 from each parent.
It produces cells which have half the normal number of chromo…
How many chromosomes do Human cells ha…
23 Pairs (43).
How many chromosomes do Gametes have?
One copy of each (23).
15 terms
Biology - Meiosis and Cell Division
What does Mitosis Produce?
What are the advantages and disadvanta…
Do we make Sperm and Egg by Mitosis?
Homologous Chromosomes
Produces cell with same info. Identical daughter cells that a…
Advantage: if there is a good trait it continues to be passed…
No, if we did the zygote would have 92 chromosomes, so we hav…
These are paired Chromosomes. Here there are 23 pairs of Chro…
What does Mitosis Produce?
Produces cell with same info. Identical daughter cells that a…
What are the advantages and disadvanta…
Advantage: if there is a good trait it continues to be passed…
10 terms
Biology Cell Division (Meiosis)
Prophase 1
Metaphase 1
Anaphase 1
Telophase 1
Each replicated Chromosome pairs with its corresponding homol…
Paired Homologous chromosomes line up across the center of th…
Spindle Fibers pull each homologous chromosome pairs toward o…
Nuclear membrane forms around each cluster of chromosomes
Prophase 1
Each replicated Chromosome pairs with its corresponding homol…
Metaphase 1
Paired Homologous chromosomes line up across the center of th…
Biology- Cell Division (Meiosis)
Meiosis
Gametes
Tetrad
Chiasma
The type of cell division that produces reproductive cells.
What reproductive cells are called.
A pair of chomosomes, each composed of two chromatids.
The crossing over of one chromatid from one chromosome crossi…
Meiosis
The type of cell division that produces reproductive cells.
Gametes
What reproductive cells are called.
25 terms
Biology Cell Division Meiosis
Mendel's Laws
Homologous
8,000,000
Interphase
Segregation and Independent Assortment
Meiosis produces randomized combination of ------------ chrom…
------------- possible unique gamete combinations for each ro…
Preceded by ----------- which includes chromosome replication
Mendel's Laws
Segregation and Independent Assortment
Homologous
Meiosis produces randomized combination of ------------ chrom…
15 terms
Biology, Cell Division: Meiosis
Oogenesis
Tetrad
Independent Assortment
Polar Bodies
The production of mature egg cells, or ova.
A pair of homologous chromosomes lined up next to each other…
The random separation of homologous chromosomes during Anapha…
Haploid offspring cells produced by meiosis during oogenesis.
Oogenesis
The production of mature egg cells, or ova.
Tetrad
A pair of homologous chromosomes lined up next to each other…
17 terms
Biology cell division and meiosis
Chromosome
Centromere
Sex chromosome
Autosome
Thresdlike structure within the nucleus containing the gentic…
Area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
Sperm or egg... Haploid... Gamete
Chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
Chromosome
Thresdlike structure within the nucleus containing the gentic…
Centromere
Area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
26 terms
Biology Cell Division and Meiosis
Structure of a chromosome
Sex chromosome vs autosome
Diploid vs. Haploid
Karyotype
Two sister chromatids joined by a centromere
Sex chromosome determines gender. Auto some is all of the oth…
Diploid- Body cells, 2n, human somatic, 46 chromosomes.... Haplo…
Picture of chromosomes in a cell in an individual person. If…
Structure of a chromosome
Two sister chromatids joined by a centromere
Sex chromosome vs autosome
Sex chromosome determines gender. Auto some is all of the oth…
biology meiosis and cell division
do cancer cells divide more often than…
cell division
how many chromosomes are in a prokaryo…
how many chromosomes are in a eukaryot…
true
the parent cell divides to form two new cells called daughter…
one circular chromosome
multiple
do cancer cells divide more often than…
true
cell division
the parent cell divides to form two new cells called daughter…
50 terms
Cell Biology - Cell Division and Meiosis
What occurs in G1?
What occurs in G2?
What occurs in mitosis?
What controls cell division/cycle?
cell growth, checking environmental conditions
checking DNA replication, monitoring
nuclear division
cyclin dependent kinases (bound to cyclin)
What occurs in G1?
cell growth, checking environmental conditions
What occurs in G2?
checking DNA replication, monitoring
Biology SAT: Cell Division: Meiosis
Meiosis I and Meiosis II
Reduction Division
Synapsis
Crossing-Over
What are the two stages of meiosis?
What is another name for Meiosis I?
Chromosomes pair up precisely with their homologue so that cr…
The process in which homologous chromatids exchange genetic m…
Meiosis I and Meiosis II
What are the two stages of meiosis?
Reduction Division
What is another name for Meiosis I?
92 terms
Biology Cell Division, Mitosis, Meiosis
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Characteristic
The scientific study of heredity
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
trait
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
41 terms
Biology- Cell Growth/Division and Meiosis
Cytokinesis
Telophase
Metaphase
Chromatids
The division of a cell's cytoplasm.
-The final phase of mitosis... -A nuclear envelope reforms aroun…
-The phase of mitosis in which microtubules connect the centr…
At the beginning of cell division, each cell chromosome consi…
Cytokinesis
The division of a cell's cytoplasm.
Telophase
-The final phase of mitosis... -A nuclear envelope reforms aroun…
52 terms
Biology Cell Division: Mitosis and Meiosis
Cells can only come from....
Cells carry on all the
Cancer is when ______ Goes Bad
Walter Fleming
Preexisting cells
Characteristics of life
Cell division
1st observed in 1880... Saw series of changes... identified... -Chromo…
Cells can only come from....
Preexisting cells
Cells carry on all the
Characteristics of life
10 terms
Biology- Cell division (mitosis+meiosis)
Mitosis
Meiosis
Mitosis
Meiosis
2 daughter cells
4 gamete cells
Diploid cells- sets of chromosomes
Haploid cells- 1 set of chromosomes
Mitosis
2 daughter cells
Meiosis
4 gamete cells
23 terms
Biology - Cell Division [Mitosis & Meiosis]
chromatin
cytokinesis
gamete
interphase
uncompressed genetic information - looks fuzzy
time when the cytoplasm divides
sex cells like sperm and egg
time when all cells carry out life functions
chromatin
uncompressed genetic information - looks fuzzy
cytokinesis
time when the cytoplasm divides
38 terms
Cell Division (Mitosis/Meiosis) Biology
G1
S
G2
Interphase includes:
Cell growth... Duplicates organelles... Unduplicated chromosomes (c…
Synthesis... Creates sister chromatins ... Doubles DNA
Preparation for division... Nucleolus starts to disappear
G1, S, and G2
G1
Cell growth... Duplicates organelles... Unduplicated chromosomes (c…
S
Synthesis... Creates sister chromatins ... Doubles DNA
Biology: Mitosis/Meiosis - Cell Division
1.
2.
3.
4.
Mitosis is a part of the cell cycle in which chromosomes in a…
Meiosis is part of the process of gamete formation, consistin…
Body Cells: Mitosis... Sex Cells (Gametes): Meiosis
Francisco Redi: Disproved "spontaneous generation"... Louis Past…
1.
Mitosis is a part of the cell cycle in which chromosomes in a…
2.
Meiosis is part of the process of gamete formation, consistin…
15 terms
Cell Division Mitosis & Meiosis- Biology
Mitosis
Meiosis
Diploid
Haploid
Mitosis involves one cell division and results in two diploid…
Meiosis involves two cell divisions and results in four haplo…
Two complete sets of chromosomes.
Half the number of chromosomes as Diploid cells.
Mitosis
Mitosis involves one cell division and results in two diploid…
Meiosis
Meiosis involves two cell divisions and results in four haplo…
52 terms
Biology Cell Division: Mitosis and Meiosis
Cells can only come from....
Cells carry on all the
Cancer is when ______ Goes Bad
Walter Fleming
Preexisting cells
Characteristics of life
Cell division
1st observed in 1880... Saw series of changes... identified... -Chromo…
Cells can only come from....
Preexisting cells
Cells carry on all the
Characteristics of life
67 terms
Biology Meiosis and Cell Division Notes
Mitosis
Meiosis
Cytokinesis
Haploid
Division of nucleus
Process of creating a sex cell/gamete
Division of cytoplasm
A cell with 1 set of DNA (N)
Mitosis
Division of nucleus
Meiosis
Process of creating a sex cell/gamete
30 terms
Biology-Meiosis/Mitosis and Cell Division
They pull sister chromatids apart
Two identical copies of the same chrom…
Cell Cycle
Cell plate
Why are the spindle fibers important?
What are sister chromatids?
The series of events that cells go through as they grow and d…
What forms midway between the 2 nuclei during cytokineses in…
They pull sister chromatids apart
Why are the spindle fibers important?
Two identical copies of the same chrom…
What are sister chromatids?
45 terms
Biology Cell Division: Mitosis and Meiosis
Prior to cell division, the chromosome…
During this stage of mitosis, the pair…
Chromosomes that each have a correspon…
If a cell grows too ______ it may have…
sister chromatids
metaphase
homologous
large
Prior to cell division, the chromosome…
sister chromatids
During this stage of mitosis, the pair…
metaphase
25 terms
Biology: Chromosomes and Cell Division (Meiosis)
Sexual reproduction
Meiosis
Diploid
Haploid
Offspring are produced by the fusion of two reproductive cell…
A process that enables organisms to make special reproductive…
Cells that have two copies of each chromosome (in humans that…
Cells that have one copy of each chromosome.
Sexual reproduction
Offspring are produced by the fusion of two reproductive cell…
Meiosis
A process that enables organisms to make special reproductive…
22 terms
Biology: Cell Division: Mitosis and Meiosis
What is another name for sex cells?
What are the only cells to go through…
Phases of Meiosis
Phases Mitosis
Gametes
Sex Cells
Prophase I, Metaphase I, Anaphase I, Telophase I, repeat
Interphase, Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase
What is another name for sex cells?
Gametes
What are the only cells to go through…
Sex Cells
27 terms
Biology: Unit 5 ~ Cell Division (Mitosis + Meiosis)
Chromosome
Length of Single Uncoiled DNA Strand
Sister Chromatids
Centromere
A rod-shaped structure that forms when a *single DNA molecule…
5 centimeters (about 2 inches) long
2 copies of each chromosome for cell division
The round structure that holds two sisters chromatids together
Chromosome
A rod-shaped structure that forms when a *single DNA molecule…
Length of Single Uncoiled DNA Strand
5 centimeters (about 2 inches) long
44 terms
Biology - Chromosome/Cell Division/ Meiosis Exam Vocab
Chromosome
DNA
When and how do chromosomes form?
Each half of a duplicated chromosome i…
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins
A long, thin molecule that stores genetic information
Form during cell division when the DNA is compacted... DNA wraps…
Chromatid
Chromosome
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins
DNA
A long, thin molecule that stores genetic information
36 terms
Biology - Unit 4 Cell Division: Mitosis and Meiosis
chromosomes are structures that contai…
when eukaryotes are not dividing, DNA…
when the cell divides, it condenses an…
humans have _________ chromosomes in t…
genetic
chromatin
chromosomes
46; somatic/autosomal
chromosomes are structures that contai…
genetic
when eukaryotes are not dividing, DNA…
chromatin
66 terms
Honors Biology: Cell Division and Stages of Mitosis and Meiosis
Why do cells need to divide?
Surface Area Formula
Volume Formula
Surface Area to Volume Ratio Jobs and…
DNA overload... -not enough DNA to support the larger cell, a…
6(Length x width)
length x width x heighth
-surface area does not grow as fast as volume... -s.a. --> outsi…
Why do cells need to divide?
DNA overload... -not enough DNA to support the larger cell, a…
Surface Area Formula
6(Length x width)
biology vocabulary- cell division, meiosis & genetics
Mitosis
crossing over
centromere
cleavage furrow
a process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
maternal and paternal chromatids break and rejoin at chiasmata
in a duplicated chromosome, the region on each sister chromat…
The first sign of cleavage in an animal cell; a shallow groov…
Mitosis
a process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
crossing over
maternal and paternal chromatids break and rejoin at chiasmata
68 terms
9th Biology: Cell Division/Cell Cycle (Mitosis & Meiosis) Quiz
meiosis
gametes
0
12
Purpose of this is to create sex cells
Another name for sex cells
When a cell with a diploid number of 12 chromosomes goes thro…
When a cell with a diploid number of 12 chromosomes goes thro…
meiosis
Purpose of this is to create sex cells
gametes
Another name for sex cells
64 terms
Meiosis, Meiosis, Cell Division
Cell division that make gametes, make…
pairs are present in the cell together…
NO pairs are in the cell together.
eggs or sperm (haploid reproductive ce…
What is the purpose of meiosis?
What does diploid mean?
What does haploid mean?
What are gametes?
Cell division that make gametes, make…
What is the purpose of meiosis?
pairs are present in the cell together…
What does diploid mean?
22 terms
Biology Chapter 8: Cell Division (Meiosis)
karyotype
homologous pairs
life cycle of animal
meiosis
arrangement of all chromosomes within the nucleus arranged in…
similar in size and shape and contain genes that control the…
requires two types of cell divisions. meiosis and mitosis. ga…
produce sex cells gametes. reduce chromosome number by half.…
karyotype
arrangement of all chromosomes within the nucleus arranged in…
homologous pairs
similar in size and shape and contain genes that control the…
68 terms
9th Biology: Cell Division/Cell Cycle (Mitosis & Meiosis) Quiz
meiosis
gametes
0
12
Purpose of this is to create sex cells
Another name for sex cells
When a cell with a diploid number of 12 chromosomes goes thro…
When a cell with a diploid number of 12 chromosomes goes thro…
meiosis
Purpose of this is to create sex cells
gametes
Another name for sex cells
41 terms
Cell Division and Meiosis
Prophase 1 (early)
Prophase 1 (late)
Metaphase 1
Anaphase 1
DNA condenses, chromosomes become visible.
Homologous chromosomes (each with 2 chromatids) pair up and f…
Homologous chromosomes (Tetrads) line up alone equator
Spindle fibres separate each of the homologous chromosomes to…
Prophase 1 (early)
DNA condenses, chromosomes become visible.
Prophase 1 (late)
Homologous chromosomes (each with 2 chromatids) pair up and f…
33 terms
SAT Biology Cell Division (Mitosis and Meiosis)
Mitosis
Meiosis
Chromosome Structure
Nerve cells and muscle cells permanent…
functions in growth and repair; produces two genetically iden…
occurs only in sexually reproducing organisms; produces gamet…
tightly coiled DNA; consists of two sister chromatids with a…
G0
Mitosis
functions in growth and repair; produces two genetically iden…
Meiosis
occurs only in sexually reproducing organisms; produces gamet…
Biology: Cell Division; Mitosis and Meiosis 2016
Prokaryotes
Cell Specialization
Chromatid
In which stage of mitosis do chromosom…
Cells that do not contain a nucleus.
Cells in an organism that are uniquely suited to perform a ce…
Double rod of DNA
Anaphase
Prokaryotes
Cells that do not contain a nucleus.
Cell Specialization
Cells in an organism that are uniquely suited to perform a ce…
16 terms
Biology/CellDivision/Meiosis&Mitosis/Differences
one diploid parent cell divides
one cell division
two cell divisions
daughter cells are identical to parent…
both
mitosis
meiosis
mitosis
one diploid parent cell divides
both
one cell division
mitosis
23 terms
SAT Biology- Cell division- mitosis and meiosis
Mitosis
Meiosis
Chromosome
replicated chromosome
growth and repair of body cells- producing 2 x 2n daughter ce…
produces gametes with half the chromosome number (n)
consists of highly coiled and condensed strand of DNA
consists of 2 x sister chromatids- each is an exact copy
Mitosis
growth and repair of body cells- producing 2 x 2n daughter ce…
Meiosis
produces gametes with half the chromosome number (n)
33 terms
Biology 1406: Cell Division II: Meiosis
Types of reproduction
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Offspring formed in mitosis is
Sexual and asexual
Mitosis
Meiosis
Genetically identical to the parent (clone) and has all the s…
Types of reproduction
Sexual and asexual
Asexual reproduction
Mitosis
49 terms
Biology Final Week2 Cell Division, Meiosis, Meiosis, Mitosis
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Homologous Chromosomes
Metaphase I
cells that do not have a nucleus
Complex cell type with many parts. Has a nucleus.
Same characteristics. Also called Autosomes. Two chromosome a…
The pairs of homologous chromosomes line up in the center of…
Prokaryotic
cells that do not have a nucleus
Eukaryotic
Complex cell type with many parts. Has a nucleus.
28 terms
Cell Division: Mitosis & Meiosis
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
PMAT... Prophase ... Metaphase... Anaphase... Telo…
Interphase
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
What are the four stages of mitosis?
The period in the cell cycle when the cell is not dividing. D…
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
40 terms
Biology: Mitosis/Meiosis cell division study guide
What is mitosis
What is meiosis
Which type of reproduction related to…
What contributions to cellular reprodu…
Divison of nuclear material
Reduces chromosome number by half and produces gametes
Mitosis: body cells... Meiosis: gametes
Disproved spontaneous generation
What is mitosis
Divison of nuclear material
What is meiosis
Reduces chromosome number by half and produces gametes
Cell Division and Mitosis/Meiosis
Reproduction
Mitosis
Meiosis
Sexual reproduction
Producing a new generation of cells or multi-celled individua…
The basis for bodily growth through repeated cell divisions.…
Occurs only in germ cells, a cell lineage set aside for sexua…
Involves two parents, each with two genes for every trait. Be…
Reproduction
Producing a new generation of cells or multi-celled individua…
Mitosis
The basis for bodily growth through repeated cell divisions.…
69 terms
Cell Division - Mitosis and Meiosis
What is the cell cycle?
What are daughter cells?
In what process does the cell make a c…
What two-rod structures contain the ce…
The regular sequence of growth and division that cells undergo.
The cells that result when a cell divides.
Replication
Chromosomes
What is the cell cycle?
The regular sequence of growth and division that cells undergo.
What are daughter cells?
The cells that result when a cell divides.
147 terms
Biology Test: Mitosis, Meiosis, and Cell Division
Anaphase
S phase
Prophase
Telophase
Phase when sister chromatids separate
Phase of interphase when DNA is copied/replicated
Phase when centrioles move to the poles
Phase when nuclear membrane reforms
Anaphase
Phase when sister chromatids separate
S phase
Phase of interphase when DNA is copied/replicated
17 terms
Biology 2nd Semester Cell Division Meiosis
Male Meiosis
Haploid/ Monoploids
Prophase I
Metaphase I
location in testes, begin at puberty (11-13), ends at death,…
half normal number of chromosomes; chromosomes in singles
chromatin thickens and sister chromatids appear, centrioles d…
sister chromatids line up on equator, line up four abreast- T…
Male Meiosis
location in testes, begin at puberty (11-13), ends at death,…
Haploid/ Monoploids
half normal number of chromosomes; chromosomes in singles
31 terms
Biology Cell Division, Meiosis, Mitosis, DNA Replication
Centrioles
Chromatin
Chromosome
Homologous Chromosome
located on opposite ends of the cell, direct mitosis by the g…
the relaxed form of DNA in the cell's nucleus
structures that contain the genetic material passed from gene…
chromosomes that make up a pair, one chromosome from each par…
Centrioles
located on opposite ends of the cell, direct mitosis by the g…
Chromatin
the relaxed form of DNA in the cell's nucleus
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