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Study sets matching "biology cells functions anatomy"

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Study sets matching "biology cells functions anatomy"

16 terms
Biology // cell anatomy & functions
Eukaryote cells
Prokaryote cells
Nucleus
Nuclear membrane
Contain nuclei.... Ex. Large and more complex.
Do not contain nuclei.
Controls when proteins are made.
Commands all cells.
Eukaryote cells
Contain nuclei.... Ex. Large and more complex.
Prokaryote cells
Do not contain nuclei.
AP Biology Cell anatomy and functions.
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
nucleolus
The membrane at the boundary of every cell that acts as a sel…
The contents of the cell enclosed by the plasma membrane; in…
a dense organelle present in most eukaryotic cells, typically…
A specialized structure in the nucleus, formed from various c…
plasma membrane
The membrane at the boundary of every cell that acts as a sel…
cytoplasm
The contents of the cell enclosed by the plasma membrane; in…
16 terms
Cell Structures/Functions--Biology
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosome
breaks down substances
produces energy
contains DNA
makes proteins
Lysosome
breaks down substances
Mitochondria
produces energy
20 terms
Biology - Cellular Anatomy ( Cell Parts/Functions )
Nucleus
Plasma Membrane
Nucleolus
Bound Ribosomes
• Contains chromosomal DNA • Plays central role in heredity •…
• Controls exchange of materials between inside and outside o…
• Site where ribosomal RNA is assembled, processed, and packa…
• Attached to the RER membrane • Composed of two subunits • S…
Nucleus
• Contains chromosomal DNA • Plays central role in heredity •…
Plasma Membrane
• Controls exchange of materials between inside and outside o…
16 terms
Cell Structures/Functions--Biology
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosome
breaks down substances
produces energy
contains DNA
makes proteins
Lysosome
breaks down substances
Mitochondria
produces energy
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
16 terms
Cell Structures/Functions--Biology
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosome
breaks down substances
produces energy
contains DNA
makes proteins
Lysosome
breaks down substances
Mitochondria
produces energy
14 terms
Mastering Biology: Cell Functions
Cilia
Nucleus
Golgi Apparatus
All Cells Have
hair-like strings, made of microtubules that can be found anc…
contains the DNA of a eukaryotic cell
A system of membranes that modifies and packages proteins for…
plasma membrane, cytoplasm, DNA
Cilia
hair-like strings, made of microtubules that can be found anc…
Nucleus
contains the DNA of a eukaryotic cell
17 terms
Biology - parts and functions of the cell
selective permeability
phospholipid bilayer
transport protein
fluid mosaic model
ability to control movement of substances through the membrane
membrane layers composed of phosphlipids
protein that moves substances or wastes through the plasma me…
plasma membrane with components constantly in motion
selective permeability
ability to control movement of substances through the membrane
phospholipid bilayer
membrane layers composed of phosphlipids
16 terms
Anatomy Cells and There Functions
Cell membrane
Nucleus
Chromatin
Nucleolus
Physical support... Regulation of Exchange ... Sensitivity (to the…
Control Center... Stores Information... Determines structure in the…
Non dividing DNA ... Structures the Nucleus... Genetic Information
Synthesizes Ribosomal RNA and assemble them
Cell membrane
Physical support... Regulation of Exchange ... Sensitivity (to the…
Nucleus
Control Center... Stores Information... Determines structure in the…
19 terms
Anatomy Cell Structures and Functions
nucleus
nucleolus
cytosol
cytoplasm
double membrane that communicates with the cytosol by means o…
produces ribosomes
most of cellular metabolism occurs here. made up of mostly wa…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
nucleus
double membrane that communicates with the cytosol by means o…
nucleolus
produces ribosomes
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
22 terms
Biology: Cells and Cell Functions
prokaryotic cells
eukaryotic cells
organelles
ribosome
Characteristics:... No nucleus... Bacteria
Characteristics:... Nucleus... Animals, Plants, Fungi, & Protists
small structures in the cytoplasm that do special jobs... Ex: ri…
a cell organelle composed of RNA and protein; the site of pro…
prokaryotic cells
Characteristics:... No nucleus... Bacteria
eukaryotic cells
Characteristics:... Nucleus... Animals, Plants, Fungi, & Protists
15 terms
Biology Cell organalles and functions
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Nuclear Membrane
Ribosomes
The brain, Directs the cells activities
Synthesis Ribosomes, Contains RNA
Protects the Nucleus
Found on ER (rough), Makes Proteins
Nucleus
The brain, Directs the cells activities
Nucleolus
Synthesis Ribosomes, Contains RNA
31 terms
Biology- Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
21 terms
Cell Structures and Their Functions - Biology
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Non-living layer that surrounds some cells such as plant, bac…
A bi-lipid layer that surrounds all cells and controls what e…
The fluid like substance found within cells
Found in Eukaryotic cells and contains DNA - controls functio…
Cell Wall
Non-living layer that surrounds some cells such as plant, bac…
Cell Membrane
A bi-lipid layer that surrounds all cells and controls what e…
28 terms
Biology: Cells and Cell Functions
prokaryotic cells
eukaryotic cells
organelles
organic macromolecules
Characteristics:... No nucleus... Cell wall not cell membrane... Bacte…
Characteristics:... Nucleus... Has cell membrane ... Animals and Plants
small structures in the cytoplasm that do special jobs:... ribos…
Groups of smaller molecules linked together to form larger mo…
prokaryotic cells
Characteristics:... No nucleus... Cell wall not cell membrane... Bacte…
eukaryotic cells
Characteristics:... Nucleus... Has cell membrane ... Animals and Plants
32 terms
Anatomy: Structure and Function of the Cell
plasma membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
three major parts of a cell
forms outer cell boundary & separates internal environment of…
contains cytosol, cytoskeleton, inclusions, and organelles
control center of cell & contains DNA
plasma membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus
three major parts of a cell
plasma membrane
forms outer cell boundary & separates internal environment of…
17 terms
Anatomy Cells Quiz FUNCTIONS
Cell Membrane
Cytosol
Cytoskeleton
Microvilli
Provides isolation, protection, sensitivity, and support; con…
Distributes materials by diffusion
Provides strength and support; enables movement of cellular s…
Increase surface area to facilitate absorption of extra cellu…
Cell Membrane
Provides isolation, protection, sensitivity, and support; con…
Cytosol
Distributes materials by diffusion
21 terms
Anatomy - Cell Structure and Function
chromatin
cytoplasm
endoplasmic reticulum
Golgi apparatus
loosely coiled fiber containing DNA and protein within nucleus
occupies space between cell membrane and nucleus
organelle composed of membrane-bound canals
flattened membranous sacs that package a secretion
chromatin
loosely coiled fiber containing DNA and protein within nucleus
cytoplasm
occupies space between cell membrane and nucleus
26 terms
Biology: Cell Organelles & Functions
Vacuoles
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
In plant cells vacuoles also store nutrients, and regulates t…
Found in Eukaryotic cells. DNA is found here, in the chromoso…
Inside the nucleus, this organelle produces ribosomes.
Term for the cell gel - all the organelles float in this.
Vacuoles
In plant cells vacuoles also store nutrients, and regulates t…
Nucleus
Found in Eukaryotic cells. DNA is found here, in the chromoso…
18 terms
Biology Cell Functions
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Mitochondria
a semi-permeable thin layer of proteins and fats that surroun…
- allows for means of transport for cellular materials like D…
- allows organelles to reside in them. ... - allows movement of…
- converts nutrients stored in glucose to ATP (Adenosine TriP…
Cell Membrane
a semi-permeable thin layer of proteins and fats that surroun…
Cytoplasm
- allows for means of transport for cellular materials like D…
40 terms
biology: cell structure and functions
all organisms are made of 1 or more ce…
phospholipids, cholesterol, proteins
controls what enters and leaves the cell
selectively permeable
state the cell theory.
what are cell membranes made of?
what is the cell membrane's function?
what do we call membranes that allow certain molecules to pas…
all organisms are made of 1 or more ce…
state the cell theory.
phospholipids, cholesterol, proteins
what are cell membranes made of?
41 terms
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
23 terms
Biology Cell Functions
Nucleus
Cell Membrane
Chloroplast
Nucleolus
Controls Cell Function ... (both animal & plant cell
Protects & lets certain things in & out of cell... Has a Phospho…
Converts sunlight to glucose ... (plants only)
Uses DNA to convert to proteins with ribosomes inside of the…
Nucleus
Controls Cell Function ... (both animal & plant cell
Cell Membrane
Protects & lets certain things in & out of cell... Has a Phospho…
20 terms
Anatomy: Cells and Cell Function
Cell
Sex Cell
Somatic Cell
Plasmalemma
Building block of all organisms
Produces another cell
Any type of cell other than reproductive cell
Lipid bilayer that contains phospholipids, steroids, proteins…
Cell
Building block of all organisms
Sex Cell
Produces another cell
32 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
28 terms
Biology cell parts and functions
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Nucleus
Nucleolus
cell with no nucleus, DNA floats in cytoplasm
cell with nucleus where DNA is stored and cells are highly sp…
most prominent structure in center of the cell, controls cell…
contains ribosomal RNA inside of the nucleus, involved in ass…
Prokaryotic
cell with no nucleus, DNA floats in cytoplasm
Eukaryotic
cell with nucleus where DNA is stored and cells are highly sp…
23 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
35 terms
Biology cell parts and functions
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Endomembrane system
Binary fission
cell with no nucleus, DNA floats in cytoplasm
cell with nucleus where DNA is stored and cells are highly sp…
eukaryotic cells have many membranes enclosing different orga…
reproduction of bacteria, asexual
Prokaryotic
cell with no nucleus, DNA floats in cytoplasm
Eukaryotic
cell with nucleus where DNA is stored and cells are highly sp…
39 terms
Cell Anatomy and Function
Nuclear Envelope
Nucleus
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
Mitochondrea
What is the "yellow" arrow pointing to?
What is the "red" arrow pointing to?
What is the "blue" arrow pointing to?
What are the "white" arrows pointing to?
Nuclear Envelope
What is the "yellow" arrow pointing to?
Nucleus
What is the "red" arrow pointing to?
10 terms
Biology-Functions of a cell
Absorption
digestion
respiration
excretion
the transport of dissolved substances into cells
the breakdown of absorbed substances
the breakdown of food molecules with a release of energy
the removal of soluble waste materials
Absorption
the transport of dissolved substances into cells
digestion
the breakdown of absorbed substances
12 terms
Anatomy of the Cell and their functions
Nucleolus
Nucleus
Rough ER
Smooth ER
a mass of largely RNA, it forms ribosobal RNA that passes int…
Contains the genetic material to determine protein structure…
(flattened tubules) that are concerned with the transport of…
(round tubules) that synthesize complex molecules called ster…
Nucleolus
a mass of largely RNA, it forms ribosobal RNA that passes int…
Nucleus
Contains the genetic material to determine protein structure…
12 terms
Cell anatomy and functions
Cytoskeleton
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
plasma membrane
Centriole
scaffolding for cell
lipid synthesis (creates fat)
Regulates what enters or leaves the cell
Organizes spindle fibers during mitosis (look like churros)
Cytoskeleton
scaffolding for cell
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
lipid synthesis (creates fat)
12 terms
Anatomy cell functions
Plasma membrane
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Ribosome
Passage of molecules into and out of cell
Storage of genetic info, control center of cell
Ribosomal formation
Protein synthesis
Plasma membrane
Passage of molecules into and out of cell
Nucleus
Storage of genetic info, control center of cell
83 terms
Anatomy Functions of Cells
Cell
Differentiation
Composite cell
Three major parts of a cell
Basic unit of life
Process of specialization of cells
There is no typical cell, but a composite cell shows the comp…
Nucleus, cytoplasm, cell membrane
Cell
Basic unit of life
Differentiation
Process of specialization of cells
33 terms
CELL BIOLOGY: Functions of cell parts
Nucleus
The nucleolus
Chromatin
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
chromosomes consisting of DNA associated with histone protein…
The dark region of chromatin involved with making ribosomes.
Uncoiled chromosomes spread through the nucleus, found in the…
Consists of flattened membrane sacs called cisternae, which h…
Nucleus
chromosomes consisting of DNA associated with histone protein…
The nucleolus
The dark region of chromatin involved with making ribosomes.
15 terms
Biology Cell Functions
organelles
cell membrane
nucleus
nucleolus
cell membrane, nucleus, nucleolus, cytoplasm, mitochondrion/m…
creates separate internal environment from external environme…
Control center of cell, "the brain" that contains DNA
begins assembly of ribosomes
organelles
cell membrane, nucleus, nucleolus, cytoplasm, mitochondrion/m…
cell membrane
creates separate internal environment from external environme…
17 terms
Cell Anatomy/Organelle Functions
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Regulates the movement of materials into ant out of the cell
-Protects and supports plant cells.... -only found in plant cell…
-Supports and protects organelles... - Working area of cell
-"control Centre" of the cell... -Directs all of the cell activi…
Cell Membrane
Regulates the movement of materials into ant out of the cell
Cell Wall
-Protects and supports plant cells.... -only found in plant cell…
13 terms
Animal Cell Functions - Biology
Golgi
Mitochondria
Centrioles
Cell Membrane
modifies, sorts and packages proteins either for storage or t…
powerhouse; site of cellular respiration
important to cell division
"gatekeeper" and maintains shape and regulates what goes in a…
Golgi
modifies, sorts and packages proteins either for storage or t…
Mitochondria
powerhouse; site of cellular respiration
12 terms
cell anatomy and functions
cytology
microtubules
microfilaments
intermediate filaments
study of cells
maintenance of cell shape, cell motility, chromosome movement…
maintenance of cell shape, changes in cell shape, muscle cont…
maintenance of cell shape, anchorage of nucleus and certain o…
cytology
study of cells
microtubules
maintenance of cell shape, cell motility, chromosome movement…
14 terms
Anatomy cell functions
Centriole
Chromatin
Cytoplasm
Golgi apparatus
Organize microtubules
Composed of dna
Cellular material surrounding the nucleus
Packages and modifies proteins
Centriole
Organize microtubules
Chromatin
Composed of dna
15 terms
Anatomy- Cell organelle functions
Centrioles
cilia
Chromatin
Cytoplasm
-help in cell division (only in animal cells) ... - help in the…
-hair-like structures that help substances slide across the c…
-efficiently packs DNA into a small volume to fit into the nu…
-made up of mostly water and salt... -space between nucleus and…
Centrioles
-help in cell division (only in animal cells) ... - help in the…
cilia
-hair-like structures that help substances slide across the c…
21 terms
Biology, Cell Parts and functions
cell membrane
cytoplasm
cytoskeleton
centrioles
a lipid bilayer, controls what enters and exits the cell
gel like substance that contains all the organelles
protein fibers that supports the cell and helps position and…
cylinder shape organelles that help with splitting DNA in cel…
cell membrane
a lipid bilayer, controls what enters and exits the cell
cytoplasm
gel like substance that contains all the organelles
17 terms
Anatomy cell organelle functions
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nuclear envelope
Cilia
Regulates movement of substances of in and out of cell
Gives cell its shape and contains enzymes
Surrounds nucleus, regulates passage of macromolecules
Receives signals from other cells or fluid nearby/ keeps airw…
Cell membrane
Regulates movement of substances of in and out of cell
Cytoplasm
Gives cell its shape and contains enzymes
11 terms
Anatomy Cell Structure and Functions
3 Main parts of a cell
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Nucleolus
plasma membrane, nucleus, and cytoplasm
Separates the cytoplasm from the outside... Phospholipid bilayer
*Stores genetic information... brain of the cell*... contains DNA,…
Contains r RNA... Where ribosomes are formed
3 Main parts of a cell
plasma membrane, nucleus, and cytoplasm
Plasma Membrane
Separates the cytoplasm from the outside... Phospholipid bilayer
24 terms
Biology: Functions of Cell
nucleus
vacuoles and vesicles
lysosomes
cytoskeleton
contains DNA; cellular control center; (eukaryotes)
store materials (eukaryote)
sac filed with digestive chemicals; break down and recycle ma…
maintains cell shapes and helps cells move (eukaryotes)
nucleus
contains DNA; cellular control center; (eukaryotes)
vacuoles and vesicles
store materials (eukaryote)
24 terms
Biology Cell Functions
cell membrane
nucleus
vacuole
nucleolus
regulates what enters and leaves the cell; provides protectio…
controls most cell processes and contains hereditary informat…
stores nutrients
gives orders to other cell parts
cell membrane
regulates what enters and leaves the cell; provides protectio…
nucleus
controls most cell processes and contains hereditary informat…
67 terms
Biology Cells & Functions
What are the three parts of Cell Theory?
What is the difference between prokary…
What types of cells are Bacteria made…
Which kingdoms have eukaryotic cells?
1. All living things are made of cells... 2. Cells are the basic…
Prokaryotes - no membrane - bound nucleus or organelles... Eurk…
Prokaryotic cells
animal, plants, protista, fungi
What are the three parts of Cell Theory?
1. All living things are made of cells... 2. Cells are the basic…
What is the difference between prokary…
Prokaryotes - no membrane - bound nucleus or organelles... Eurk…
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