Study sets matching "biology cells functions anatomy"

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Study sets matching "biology cells functions anatomy"

AP Biology Cell anatomy and functions.
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
nucleolus
The membrane at the boundary of every cell that acts as a sel…
The contents of the cell enclosed by the plasma membrane; in…
a dense organelle present in most eukaryotic cells, typically…
A specialized structure in the nucleus, formed from various c…
plasma membrane
The membrane at the boundary of every cell that acts as a sel…
cytoplasm
The contents of the cell enclosed by the plasma membrane; in…
16 terms
Cell Structures/Functions--Biology
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosome
breaks down substances
produces energy
contains DNA
makes proteins
Lysosome
breaks down substances
Mitochondria
produces energy
20 terms
Biology - Cellular Anatomy ( Cell Parts/Functions )
Nucleus
Plasma Membrane
Nucleolus
Bound Ribosomes
• Contains chromosomal DNA • Plays central role in heredity •…
• Controls exchange of materials between inside and outside o…
• Site where ribosomal RNA is assembled, processed, and packa…
• Attached to the RER membrane • Composed of two subunits • S…
Nucleus
• Contains chromosomal DNA • Plays central role in heredity •…
Plasma Membrane
• Controls exchange of materials between inside and outside o…
16 terms
Cell Structures/Functions--Biology
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosome
breaks down substances
produces energy
contains DNA
makes proteins
Lysosome
breaks down substances
Mitochondria
produces energy
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
14 terms
Mastering Biology: Cell Functions
Cilia
Nucleus
Golgi Apparatus
All Cells Have
hair-like strings, made of microtubules that can be found anc…
contains the DNA of a eukaryotic cell
A system of membranes that modifies and packages proteins for…
plasma membrane, cytoplasm, DNA
Cilia
hair-like strings, made of microtubules that can be found anc…
Nucleus
contains the DNA of a eukaryotic cell
22 terms
Biology: Cells and Cell Functions
prokaryotic cells
eukaryotic cells
organelles
ribosome
Characteristics:... No nucleus... Bacteria
Characteristics:... Nucleus... Animals, Plants, Fungi, & Protists
small structures in the cytoplasm that do special jobs... Ex: ri…
a cell organelle composed of RNA and protein; the site of pro…
prokaryotic cells
Characteristics:... No nucleus... Bacteria
eukaryotic cells
Characteristics:... Nucleus... Animals, Plants, Fungi, & Protists
16 terms
Cell Structures/Functions--Biology
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Ribosome
breaks down substances
produces energy
contains DNA
makes proteins
Lysosome
breaks down substances
Mitochondria
produces energy
22 terms
Human Anatomy Cell Functions
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Nucleolus
encloses the cell
houses genetic material and controls cellular activities
contents of a cell including the gel-like cytosol and organel…
small, dense body composed largely of RNA and protein
Cell Membrane
encloses the cell
Nucleus
houses genetic material and controls cellular activities
19 terms
Anatomy Cell Structures and Functions
nucleus
nucleolus
cytosol
cytoplasm
double membrane that communicates with the cytosol by means o…
produces ribosomes
most of cellular metabolism occurs here. made up of mostly wa…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
nucleus
double membrane that communicates with the cytosol by means o…
nucleolus
produces ribosomes
17 terms
Biology - parts and functions of the cell
selective permeability
phospholipid bilayer
transport protein
fluid mosaic model
ability to control movement of substances through the membrane
membrane layers composed of phosphlipids
protein that moves substances or wastes through the plasma me…
plasma membrane with components constantly in motion
selective permeability
ability to control movement of substances through the membrane
phospholipid bilayer
membrane layers composed of phosphlipids
32 terms
Anatomy: Structure and Function of the Cell
plasma membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
three major parts of a cell
forms outer cell boundary & separates internal environment of…
contains cytosol, cytoskeleton, inclusions, and organelles
control center of cell & contains DNA
plasma membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus
three major parts of a cell
plasma membrane
forms outer cell boundary & separates internal environment of…
Biology: Cells and Cell Functions
prokaryotic cells
eukaryotic cells
organelles
organic macromolecules
Characteristics:... No nucleus... Cell wall not cell membrane... Bacte…
Characteristics:... Nucleus... Has cell membrane ... Animals and Plants
small structures in the cytoplasm that do special jobs:... ribos…
Groups of smaller molecules linked together to form larger mo…
prokaryotic cells
Characteristics:... No nucleus... Cell wall not cell membrane... Bacte…
eukaryotic cells
Characteristics:... Nucleus... Has cell membrane ... Animals and Plants
Biology Cell organalles and functions
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Nuclear Membrane
Ribosomes
The brain, Directs the cells activities
Synthesis Ribosomes, Contains RNA
Protects the Nucleus
Found on ER (rough), Makes Proteins
Nucleus
The brain, Directs the cells activities
Nucleolus
Synthesis Ribosomes, Contains RNA
12 terms
Cell anatomy and functions
Cytoskeleton
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
plasma membrane
Centriole
scaffolding for cell
lipid synthesis (creates fat)
Regulates what enters or leaves the cell
Organizes spindle fibers during mitosis (look like churros)
Cytoskeleton
scaffolding for cell
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
lipid synthesis (creates fat)
15 terms
Anatomy cells, functions
Centrioles
Cilia
Vesicles
Cytoskeleton
Active during cell division
Numerous hair like structures that can move materials around
Cell membrane package used to move cells around
Provides structure to the cell and helps transport materials
Centrioles
Active during cell division
Cilia
Numerous hair like structures that can move materials around
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
collective term for the fluid and structures within the cell…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
collective term for the fluid and structures within the cell…
21 terms
Cell Structures and Their Functions - Biology
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Non-living layer that surrounds some cells such as plant, bac…
A bi-lipid layer that surrounds all cells and controls what e…
The fluid like substance found within cells
Found in Eukaryotic cells and contains DNA - controls functio…
Cell Wall
Non-living layer that surrounds some cells such as plant, bac…
Cell Membrane
A bi-lipid layer that surrounds all cells and controls what e…
Anatomy cell functions
Centriole
Chromatin
Cytoplasm
Golgi apparatus
Organize microtubules
Composed of dna
Cellular material surrounding the nucleus
Packages and modifies proteins
Centriole
Organize microtubules
Chromatin
Composed of dna
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
41 terms
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
14 terms
Biology Cell Functions
Nucleus
Chromosomes (not an organelle)
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
a rounded structure containing chromosomes, or the genetic ma…
a threadlike structure carrying genetic informations
semipermeable membrane in all cells surrounding the cytoplasm…
a rigid layer lying outside the plasma membrane of the cells…
Nucleus
a rounded structure containing chromosomes, or the genetic ma…
Chromosomes (not an organelle)
a threadlike structure carrying genetic informations
23 terms
Anatomy Cell Structures and Functions
Cell (Plasma) Membrane
Cytoplasm
Ribosome
Lysosome
Protect cells from surroundings
Contains all parts of the cell - Jelly Like fluid
Produces proteins and lipids
Digests food or "Invaders"
Cell (Plasma) Membrane
Protect cells from surroundings
Cytoplasm
Contains all parts of the cell - Jelly Like fluid
Biology Cell Functions
Nucleus
Cell Membrane
Chloroplast
Nucleolus
Controls Cell Function ... (both animal & plant cell
Protects & lets certain things in & out of cell... Has a Phospho…
Converts sunlight to glucose ... (plants only)
Uses DNA to convert to proteins with ribosomes inside of the…
Nucleus
Controls Cell Function ... (both animal & plant cell
Cell Membrane
Protects & lets certain things in & out of cell... Has a Phospho…
Biology- Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
Anatomy - Cell Structure and Function
chromatin
cytoplasm
endoplasmic reticulum
Golgi apparatus
loosely coiled fiber containing DNA and protein within nucleus
occupies space between cell membrane and nucleus
organelle composed of membrane-bound canals
flattened membranous sacs that package a secretion
chromatin
loosely coiled fiber containing DNA and protein within nucleus
cytoplasm
occupies space between cell membrane and nucleus
11 terms
anatomy cell functions
smooth ER function
rough ER function
golgi apparatus function
lysosomes functions
cholesterol synthesis; detoxification of drugs
form materials of cellular respiration
modifies and packages proteins
enzymes that digest nonusable materials in cell
smooth ER function
cholesterol synthesis; detoxification of drugs
rough ER function
form materials of cellular respiration
26 terms
Biology: Cell Organelles & Functions
Vacuoles
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
In plant cells vacuoles also store nutrients, and regulates t…
Found in Eukaryotic cells. DNA is found here, in the chromoso…
Inside the nucleus, this organelle produces ribosomes.
Term for the cell gel - all the organelles float in this.
Vacuoles
In plant cells vacuoles also store nutrients, and regulates t…
Nucleus
Found in Eukaryotic cells. DNA is found here, in the chromoso…
12 terms
Anatomy cell functions
Plasma membrane
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Ribosome
Passage of molecules into and out of cell
Storage of genetic info, control center of cell
Ribosomal formation
Protein synthesis
Plasma membrane
Passage of molecules into and out of cell
Nucleus
Storage of genetic info, control center of cell
Anatomy Cell Organelles Functions
cytoplasm
cytoskeleton
nucleus
nuclear envelope
fluid interior that gives protection
supports organism
command center, where DNA is stored
double membrane between nucleus and the cytoplasm
cytoplasm
fluid interior that gives protection
cytoskeleton
supports organism
Cell Functions and Anatomy
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoplasm
Mitochondria
thin, double-layered sheet around the cell that controls what…
rigid outer layer of a plant cell that protects the cell
gel-like fluid where the organelles are found
produces the energy a cell needs to carry out its functions
Cell Membrane
thin, double-layered sheet around the cell that controls what…
Cell Wall
rigid outer layer of a plant cell that protects the cell
14 terms
Anatomy Cell Functions
Nucleus
Nucleolus
DNA Ribosomes
Mitochondria
Contains the cell's hereditary information and controls the c…
Round structure within the nucleus, and composed of protein a…
Site of protein manufacture. Great numbers in the cell cytopl…
"powerhouse of the cell" act as the site for the production o…
Nucleus
Contains the cell's hereditary information and controls the c…
Nucleolus
Round structure within the nucleus, and composed of protein a…
16 terms
Anatomy cell component functions
cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
nucleolus
separates exterior from interior
jelly-like substance that holds it all together
Boss of the cell (control center) - contains DNA
reserve library - produces RNA for ribosomes
cell membrane
separates exterior from interior
cytoplasm
jelly-like substance that holds it all together
cell anatomy and functions
cytology
microtubules
microfilaments
intermediate filaments
study of cells
maintenance of cell shape, cell motility, chromosome movement…
maintenance of cell shape, changes in cell shape, muscle cont…
maintenance of cell shape, anchorage of nucleus and certain o…
cytology
study of cells
microtubules
maintenance of cell shape, cell motility, chromosome movement…
15 terms
Anatomy- Cell organelle functions
Centrioles
cilia
Chromatin
Cytoplasm
-help in cell division (only in animal cells) ... - help in the…
-hair-like structures that help substances slide across the c…
-efficiently packs DNA into a small volume to fit into the nu…
-made up of mostly water and salt... -space between nucleus and…
Centrioles
-help in cell division (only in animal cells) ... - help in the…
cilia
-hair-like structures that help substances slide across the c…
16 terms
Anatomy cell functions
Chromatin
Golgi apparatus
Smooth ER
Rough ER
Packages DNA into a small volume to fit into the nucleus of a…
-synthesis of carbohydrates ... -packaging of materials for secr…
Passageway for transport of materials within the cell
Passageway for transport of materials within the cell and has…
Chromatin
Packages DNA into a small volume to fit into the nucleus of a…
Golgi apparatus
-synthesis of carbohydrates ... -packaging of materials for secr…
40 terms
biology: cell structure and functions
all organisms are made of 1 or more ce…
phospholipids, cholesterol, proteins
controls what enters and leaves the cell
selectively permeable
state the cell theory.
what are cell membranes made of?
what is the cell membrane's function?
what do we call membranes that allow certain molecules to pas…
all organisms are made of 1 or more ce…
state the cell theory.
phospholipids, cholesterol, proteins
what are cell membranes made of?
11 terms
Anatomy: Cell Organelles & Functions
nucleus
rough endoplasmic reticulum
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
ribosomes
-chromosomes of DNA and protein... -genetic info!!
-transport of proteins... -ribosomes on the outside
-processing and transport of lipids... -no ribosomes
-site of protein synthesis
nucleus
-chromosomes of DNA and protein... -genetic info!!
rough endoplasmic reticulum
-transport of proteins... -ribosomes on the outside
Anatomy Cells and There Functions
Cell membrane
Nucleus
Chromatin
Nucleolus
Physical support... Regulation of Exchange ... Sensitivity (to the…
Control Center... Stores Information... Determines structure in the…
Non dividing DNA ... Structures the Nucleus... Genetic Information
Synthesizes Ribosomal RNA and assemble them
Cell membrane
Physical support... Regulation of Exchange ... Sensitivity (to the…
Nucleus
Control Center... Stores Information... Determines structure in the…
17 terms
Anatomy cell organelle functions
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nuclear envelope
Cilia
Regulates movement of substances of in and out of cell
Gives cell its shape and contains enzymes
Surrounds nucleus, regulates passage of macromolecules
Receives signals from other cells or fluid nearby/ keeps airw…
Cell membrane
Regulates movement of substances of in and out of cell
Cytoplasm
Gives cell its shape and contains enzymes
15 terms
Anatomy cell functions
Lysosomes
Vacuole
Flagella
Cilia
Holds enzymes;Digest waste in the cell
Storage center;holds nutrients and waste
Help cell move using a whip like movement
Microscopic hairs that are found on the surface of a cell
Lysosomes
Holds enzymes;Digest waste in the cell
Vacuole
Storage center;holds nutrients and waste
11 terms
Anatomy Cell Structure and Functions
3 Main parts of a cell
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Nucleolus
plasma membrane, nucleus, and cytoplasm
Separates the cytoplasm from the outside... Phospholipid bilayer
*Stores genetic information... brain of the cell*... contains DNA,…
Contains r RNA... Where ribosomes are formed
3 Main parts of a cell
plasma membrane, nucleus, and cytoplasm
Plasma Membrane
Separates the cytoplasm from the outside... Phospholipid bilayer
Cell Anatomy Functions
nucleus
nuclear pores
plasma membrane
ribosomes
Genetic control center of cell; directs protein synthesis; sh…
The nuclear envelope is perforated with them, these regulate…
prevents escape of cell contents; regulates exchange of mater…
Interpret the genetic code and synthesize polypeptides
nucleus
Genetic control center of cell; directs protein synthesis; sh…
nuclear pores
The nuclear envelope is perforated with them, these regulate…
Anatomy: cell functions
Mitochondria
ER Rough
ER soft
Golgi Apparatus
Produces ATP in the cell.
Responsible for transporting things in cell. Ribosomes attach.
Transports things in cell.
A packaging organelle like ER.
Mitochondria
Produces ATP in the cell.
ER Rough
Responsible for transporting things in cell. Ribosomes attach.
31 terms
Cells and Functions (ANATOMY)
Bone (osseous) CT
Blood (liquid) CT
Simple columnar ET
Smooth MT
To support and protect the body
Transport vehicle for materials ... Defends agains potentially h…
Absorbs nutrients... Produces mucus
(Involuntary movement)... Moves food ... Control of respiration... Reg…
Bone (osseous) CT
To support and protect the body
Blood (liquid) CT
Transport vehicle for materials ... Defends agains potentially h…
10 terms
Biology-Functions of a cell
Absorption
digestion
respiration
excretion
the transport of dissolved substances into cells
the breakdown of absorbed substances
the breakdown of food molecules with a release of energy
the removal of soluble waste materials
Absorption
the transport of dissolved substances into cells
digestion
the breakdown of absorbed substances
80 terms
Anatomy Cell Structure and Function
Cell Theory (3)
Cells are measured in
Largest human cell
RBC
1. All living things are composed of cells... 2. All cells come…
Micrometers
Human egg
7.5 micrometers
Cell Theory (3)
1. All living things are composed of cells... 2. All cells come…
Cells are measured in
Micrometers
14 terms
Anatomy : Cell functions
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER)
Contains cellular contents; regulates what enters and leaves…
Surrounds and supports organelles; medium through which nutri…
Contains genetic information; control center of the cell
Transports material through the cytoplasm
Cell membrane
Contains cellular contents; regulates what enters and leaves…
Cytoplasm
Surrounds and supports organelles; medium through which nutri…
(Biology) Functions Of Cells (Higher)
Nucleus
cytoplasm
cell membrane
Mitochondria
This controls what the cell does. controls the cell and conta…
This is a jelly-like substance where chemical reactions take…
This is a thin skin around the cell-it holds the skin togethe…
These are tiny structures inside the cell where most of the r…
Nucleus
This controls what the cell does. controls the cell and conta…
cytoplasm
This is a jelly-like substance where chemical reactions take…
28 terms
Biology cell parts and functions
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Nucleus
Nucleolus
cell with no nucleus, DNA floats in cytoplasm
cell with nucleus where DNA is stored and cells are highly sp…
most prominent structure in center of the cell, controls cell…
contains ribosomal RNA inside of the nucleus, involved in ass…
Prokaryotic
cell with no nucleus, DNA floats in cytoplasm
Eukaryotic
cell with nucleus where DNA is stored and cells are highly sp…
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