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Study sets matching "biology cells growth"

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Study sets matching "biology cells growth"

27 terms
Biology Review: Cell Growth & Division
Cell cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosome
An ordered sequence of events (including interphase and the m…
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Division of the cell cytoplasm
A long, continuous thread of DNA containing many genes and re…
Cell cycle
An ordered sequence of events (including interphase and the m…
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
49 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
Chromosome
Proteins
Chromatid
1
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins, during cell d…
Each chromosome is a single DNA molecule associated with ____
Each half of the chromosome
New cells will receive ____ chromatin from each chromosome
Chromosome
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins, during cell d…
Proteins
Each chromosome is a single DNA molecule associated with ____
26 terms
Biology cell growth and division
mitosis
cytokinesis
cell cycle
cancer
division of the nucleus
division of the cytoplasm
events cells go through as they grow and divide
condition in which cells grow uncontrollabley
mitosis
division of the nucleus
cytokinesis
division of the cytoplasm
24 terms
Biology 1 - Cell Growth
Limits to Cell Growth
Solution to Cell Growth
Chromosome Structure
Centromeres
1. DNA Overload... 2. Exchanging Materials timing... 3. Surface to…
Cell Division
Telomere... Chromotids... Centromere... Kineticore
Hold X-chromosomes and chromotids together at the center
Limits to Cell Growth
1. DNA Overload... 2. Exchanging Materials timing... 3. Surface to…
Solution to Cell Growth
Cell Division
42 terms
Biology Cell growth and reproduction
Binary Fission
Budding
sexual reproduction
genetic variation
asexual reproduction in bacteria
asexual reproduction in an organism; which a new smaller orga…
creation of a new organism by combining the genetic informati…
occurs in sexual reproduction; the offspring gets half its…
Binary Fission
asexual reproduction in bacteria
Budding
asexual reproduction in an organism; which a new smaller orga…
21 terms
Biology "Cell Growth "
Interphase
G1
Synthesis
G2
the period of the cell during which activities such as cell g…
The first phase of growth inside a cell
DNA is copied in preparation for cell division
The second growth phase
Interphase
the period of the cell during which activities such as cell g…
G1
The first phase of growth inside a cell
57 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
Diploid
Haploid
Chromatid
Chromosome
Contain BOTH SETS of homologous chromosomes
Cells with ONE SET of chromosomes
The two copies of DNA (replicated DNA)
Condensed chromatin, DNA wrapped around proteins
Diploid
Contain BOTH SETS of homologous chromosomes
Haploid
Cells with ONE SET of chromosomes
13 terms
biology- cell growth and division
mitosis
cytokenesis
chromatids
centromeres
division of the cell nucleus
division of the cytoplasm
2 identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attatched
mitosis
division of the cell nucleus
cytokenesis
division of the cytoplasm
27 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
why might a cell divide?
binary fission
if the cell is part of a multicellular…
are all cells capable of dividing?
if the cell is actually a unicellular organism, division = re…
- the simplest form of asexual reproduction (i.e. 1 parent) i…
1. growth (growth of a multicellular organism is not due to…
NO... - more specialized cells are less likely to have the abi…
why might a cell divide?
if the cell is actually a unicellular organism, division = re…
binary fission
- the simplest form of asexual reproduction (i.e. 1 parent) i…
27 terms
Biology - Cell Growth & Division
The rate at which materials enter and…
The process of cell division results i…
Sister chromatids are attached to each…
If a cell has 12 chromosomes, how many…
surface area
two daughter cells
centromere
12
The rate at which materials enter and…
surface area
The process of cell division results i…
two daughter cells
20 terms
Biology Unit 6 Cell Growth
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokinesis
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divid…
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, replicates its DNA…
Division of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cells that are ex…
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division; occurs at the…
cell cycle
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divid…
interphase
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, replicates its DNA…
27 terms
Biology: Chapter 5 - Cell Growth and Division
cell cycle
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides.
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
29 terms
Biology Cell Growth and Division
Why do cells divide?
What is DNA
What are chromosomes
What are chromatin
If a cell became too large it would be difficult to get suffi…
Stores all the information for the cell
Genetic information bundled into packages of DNA
Complex protein, DNA that chromosomes are made of... Grandfather…
Why do cells divide?
If a cell became too large it would be difficult to get suffi…
What is DNA
Stores all the information for the cell
30 terms
Cell Growth and Division, Biology
What is cell division?
When most prokaryotes divide, they rep…
What are the two stages of cell divisi…
What is mitosis?
the process by which a cell divides into 2 new daughter cells
binary fission, asexual
mitosis and cytokinesis
division of the cell nucleus
What is cell division?
the process by which a cell divides into 2 new daughter cells
When most prokaryotes divide, they rep…
binary fission, asexual
15 terms
Biology Chapter 10: Cell Growth and Division
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Chromosomes
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Fusion of two separate parent cells
23 pair, Genetic info is bundled into
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
16 terms
Cell Growth and Division (biology)
Interphase, Mitosis, Cytokinesis
Signaling proteins found in DNA that r…
Cell grows in size, and number of prot…
G1 stage, S stage, G2 stage
Three stages in the cell cycle are?
Cyclins is?
G1 stages is?
Three stages of interphase is?
Interphase, Mitosis, Cytokinesis
Three stages in the cell cycle are?
Signaling proteins found in DNA that r…
Cyclins is?
Biology - Cell Growth Vocab
Cyclin
Cancer
Tumor
Benign
one of a family of closely related proteins that regulate the…
disorder in which some of the body's cells lose the ability t…
an abnormal benign or malignant new growth of tissue that ari…
harmless
Cyclin
one of a family of closely related proteins that regulate the…
Cancer
disorder in which some of the body's cells lose the ability t…
32 terms
Biology: cell growth
there are ________ main reasons why ce…
the 2 reasons are _____________ ______…
when the larger the cell gets, the mor…
when cells take in nutruents and elima…
2
information "overload" and exchange of materials
information overload
exchange of materials
there are ________ main reasons why ce…
2
the 2 reasons are _____________ ______…
information "overload" and exchange of materials
27 terms
Biology: Chapter 5 - Cell Growth and Division
cell cycle
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides.
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
27 terms
Biology: Chapter 5 - Cell Growth and Division
cell cycle
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides.
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
51 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
Chromosome
Proteins
Chromatid
1
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins, during cell d…
Each chromosome is a single DNA molecule associated with ____
Each half of the chromosome
New cells will receive ____ chromatin from each chromosome
Chromosome
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins, during cell d…
Proteins
Each chromosome is a single DNA molecule associated with ____
20 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
cell cycle
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
Stage in the CELL CYCLE in which the cell's nuclear material…
Stage in the CELL CYCLE in which the cell cytoplasm divides i…
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
mitosis
Stage in the CELL CYCLE in which the cell's nuclear material…
Biology Final Cell Growth
Cell Division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatids
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
The first stage, division of the cell nucleus.
The second stage, division of the cytoplasm.
Chromosome consists of two identical sister chromatids.
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
Mitosis
The first stage, division of the cell nucleus.
37 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides.
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
Cell Cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
Mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
23 terms
Biology - Cell Growth and Divison
cytokinesis
spindle
chromatids
cancer
division of the cytoplasm
structure made of fibers that help to move chromosomes during…
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosom…
disease caused by uncontrolled cell growth
cytokinesis
division of the cytoplasm
spindle
structure made of fibers that help to move chromosomes during…
45 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division Review
What are two reasons why cells divide…
TRUE or FALSE:... As a cell increases in…
What determines the rate at which food…
What is cell division?
a. The larger a cell becomes, the more demands the cell place…
FALSE
The cell's volume
the process by which a cell divides into tow new daughter cells
What are two reasons why cells divide…
a. The larger a cell becomes, the more demands the cell place…
TRUE or FALSE:... As a cell increases in…
FALSE
39 terms
Biology Chapter 10 - Cell Growth and Division
* What problems does growth cause for…
cell division... 10.1
As a cell increases in size, which inc…
Equation to determine ratio of surface…
* The larger a cell becomes:... - the more demands the cell plac…
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Its volume
length x width x 6 ... 1cm cubed = 1cm x 1cm x 6 = 6cm2 (6cm squ…
* What problems does growth cause for…
* The larger a cell becomes:... - the more demands the cell plac…
cell division... 10.1
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
18 terms
Biology Cell Growth Quiz
Diffusion
Osimosis
Cell membranes are permeable to ______…
Tonicity
The movement of particles from an area of high concentration…
The diffusion of water across a membrane
Water
concentration of solutes that cannot move across a membrane a…
Diffusion
The movement of particles from an area of high concentration…
Osimosis
The diffusion of water across a membrane
28 terms
Biology: Chapter 5 - Cell Growth and Division
cell cycle
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides.
Condensed DNA that consists of numerous genes and regulatory…
cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
16 terms
6- Biology: Cell Growth
Why are cells so small?
Cell nutrients
The cell wants...
What increases faster?
-the larger the cell becomes the more demands the cell places…
Water, glucose, oxygen
A large surface area and a small volume
Volume increases faster than surface area
Why are cells so small?
-the larger the cell becomes the more demands the cell places…
Cell nutrients
Water, glucose, oxygen
22 terms
Biology- Cell Growth
Adult stem cell
Blastocyst
Cancer
Differentiated
Undifferentiated cells, found throughout the body after devel…
A fluid-filled sphere formed about 5 days after fertilisation…
A disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontroll…
Having a specialised function or structure.
Adult stem cell
Undifferentiated cells, found throughout the body after devel…
Blastocyst
A fluid-filled sphere formed about 5 days after fertilisation…
45 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Cell Growth and Division
What are three stages of interphase?
What happens during S phase?
During what phase of mitosis do the ch…
The phase of mitosis in which microtub…
G1 phase, S phase and G2 phase
DNA replication
prophase
metaphase
What are three stages of interphase?
G1 phase, S phase and G2 phase
What happens during S phase?
DNA replication
27 terms
Biology: Cell Growth
DNA.
moving enough nutrients and wastes acr…
surface area
volume
The larger a cell becomes, the more demands the cell places o…
Larger cells have more trouble...
length x width x number of sides
length x width x height
DNA.
The larger a cell becomes, the more demands the cell places o…
moving enough nutrients and wastes acr…
Larger cells have more trouble...
31 terms
Biology- Cell Growth
cell division
daughter cells
growth
differentiation
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
new cells produced by cell division
result of cells producing new cells through cell division
process in which cells become specialized in structure and fu…
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
daughter cells
new cells produced by cell division
37 terms
Biology- Cell Growth and Division
Asexual
Sexual
The Cell Cycle
Interphase takes up how much of the ce…
1 parent, duplicate organism (genetically identical)
2 parents, combination of traits (requires meiosis)
Phases of events in the life cycle of a cell.
90%
Asexual
1 parent, duplicate organism (genetically identical)
Sexual
2 parents, combination of traits (requires meiosis)
17 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
cell division
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromatids
the process of which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
division of the cell nucleus; the first stage of cell division
division of the cytoplasm; second stage of cell division
one of two identical parts of a duplicated chromosome
cell division
the process of which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
mitosis
division of the cell nucleus; the first stage of cell division
34 terms
Biology Cell Growth and Division
Why do living things grow?
Ratio for cell size increase.
Cell division
Binary Fission
They produce more and more cells. Their size is limited by am…
Volume increases faster than surface area.
The process whereby the cell divides into daughter cells.
A parent cell is cloned.
Why do living things grow?
They produce more and more cells. Their size is limited by am…
Ratio for cell size increase.
Volume increases faster than surface area.
13 terms
Biology Cell Growth and Reproduction
Gene
gamete
crossing - over
cell cycle
a sequence of nucleotides composing a segment of DNA that pro…
a specialized cell (egg or sperm) used in sexual reproduction…
an exchange of genetic material between homologous chromosome…
the series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
Gene
a sequence of nucleotides composing a segment of DNA that pro…
gamete
a specialized cell (egg or sperm) used in sexual reproduction…
40 terms
Biology-Cell Growth and Reproduction
Cell cycle
Meiosis
Mitosis
Telophase
All events that occur in a cell from the time it divides to t…
Cell division process that produces sperms and eggs
Cell division process that divides the nucleus
Last stage of mitosis when the nucleus reforms and cytokenisi…
Cell cycle
All events that occur in a cell from the time it divides to t…
Meiosis
Cell division process that produces sperms and eggs
27 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 5 Cell Growth and Division
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosome
The regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell divi…
The division of the cell nucleus and its contents. During mit…
The process that divides the cell cytoplasm.
One long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous…
Cell Cycle
The regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell divi…
Mitosis
The division of the cell nucleus and its contents. During mit…
28 terms
Biology - Cell growth and divison
The larger a cell comes the..
If the cell grows too large, it will h…
Cell division
Surface area
More demands it places on its dna
Moving enough nutrients and wastes across the membrane
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
More space for reaction to take place
The larger a cell comes the..
More demands it places on its dna
If the cell grows too large, it will h…
Moving enough nutrients and wastes across the membrane
27 terms
Biology: Cell Growth and Division
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosomes
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
A reproductive process that involves two parent cells that fu…
genetic information bundled into packages of DNA
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
13 terms
Biology Cell Reproduction/Growth
Cell Division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatid
The process by which a cell divides into two "daughter" cells
Division of the cell nucleus (1st stage)
The division of the cell cytoplasm (2nd stage)
1 of the 2 components in a chromosome
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two "daughter" cells
Mitosis
Division of the cell nucleus (1st stage)
38 terms
biology cell growth
cell cycle
M phase
binary fission
interphase
series of events where the cell grows and then divides
cell division in prokaryotic cells... period of cell cycle where…
cell division that produces two genetically identical organisms
period of cell cycle between cell division
cell cycle
series of events where the cell grows and then divides
M phase
cell division in prokaryotic cells... period of cell cycle where…
26 terms
Biology Cell Growth and Division Vocabulary
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosome
Regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell division…
Division of the cell nucleus and its contents.
Process that divides the cell cytoplasm.
Long continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous genes
Cell Cycle
Regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell division…
Mitosis
Division of the cell nucleus and its contents.
22 terms
Brighton Biology: Chapter 10 Cell Growth and Division
Cell division
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Chromosome
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells.
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
Type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
Threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic…
Cell division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells.
Asexual reproduction
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
20 terms
Biology cell growth and division
Cytokinesis
Telophase
Metaphase
Chromatids
The divison of the cell's cytoplasm
The final phase of mitosis
The phase of mitosis in which microtubules connect the centro…
At the beginning of cell division, each chromosome consists o…
Cytokinesis
The divison of the cell's cytoplasm
Telophase
The final phase of mitosis
38 terms
Biology Cell Division and Growth
As a cell becomes larger its
All of the following are problems that…
Which of the following is not a way th…
When during the cell cycle are chromos…
volume increases faster than its surface area
excess oxygen
cell division increases the mass of the original cell
only during cell division
As a cell becomes larger its
volume increases faster than its surface area
All of the following are problems that…
excess oxygen
6 terms
Biology cell growth
Limits of Cell Growth
Cancer
Chromatin
chromosomes
Surface-To-Volume Ratio
a disorder in which some cells have lost the ability to contr…
long strands of DNA wrapped around proteins called histones
condensed genetic information (DNA) that is passed on from ge…
Limits of Cell Growth
Surface-To-Volume Ratio
Cancer
a disorder in which some cells have lost the ability to contr…
17 terms
Biology cell growth and mitosis quiz
Gap 0 phase
interphase
Gap 1 phase
S phase
cell is mature, no growth, no division, temporary or permanent
contains G1, S, and G2, preparation for cell division, cell g…
cell grows, makes proteins, and makes organelles... before movin…
cell copies DNA, synthesis
Gap 0 phase
cell is mature, no growth, no division, temporary or permanent
interphase
contains G1, S, and G2, preparation for cell division, cell g…
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