Study sets matching "biology cells human reproduction"

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Study sets matching "biology cells human reproduction"

38 terms
Biology human and cell reproduction
what is a diploid number in humans
how are the 46 chromosomes arranged
what is mitosis used for
how many cells does mitosis produce
46 chromosomes
as 23 homologous pairs
growth, development and repair
2 daughter cells
what is a diploid number in humans
46 chromosomes
how are the 46 chromosomes arranged
as 23 homologous pairs
28 terms
Human Biology: Cell Reproduction & Differentiation
Anaphase
Cell Cycle
Chromosome
Clone
third stage of mitosis, in which the two sets of daughter chr…
repeating series of events in which a eukaryotic cell grows,…
rodlike structure of tightly coiled chromatin
producing identical copies
Anaphase
third stage of mitosis, in which the two sets of daughter chr…
Cell Cycle
repeating series of events in which a eukaryotic cell grows,…
Human Biology DNA, Cell Reproduction & Differentiation
Chromatin
Chromatin condenses to form ___.
Chromatin is comprised of...
DNA is one long double helix that exte…
-How DNA is "packaged" in the cell
chromosomes
-DNA... -proteins... -Some RNA
chromosome.
Chromatin
-How DNA is "packaged" in the cell
Chromatin condenses to form ___.
chromosomes
70 terms
IGCSE Biology - Human Reproduction
Urethra
Ureter
Ovaries
Testis
Tube which transports urine from the bladder to the outside o…
Tube which transports urine from the kidneys to the bladder
Organs which secrete oestrogen and progesterone into the bloo…
Organs which produce testosterone. Sperm are produced here.
Urethra
Tube which transports urine from the bladder to the outside o…
Ureter
Tube which transports urine from the kidneys to the bladder
20 terms
Biology - Cell Reproduction
Binary fission
To create identical cells
Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase
Prophase
how bacteria reproduce. DNA copies and then the cell split in…
What is the goal of mitosis?
What are the phases of mitosis?
Chromosomes pack together. Nucleus begisn to break down.
Binary fission
how bacteria reproduce. DNA copies and then the cell split in…
To create identical cells
What is the goal of mitosis?
46 terms
IGCSE Biology - Human Reproduction
Urethra
Ovaries
Testis
Ovum
Tube which transports urine from the bladder to the outside o…
Organs which secrete oestrogen and progesterone into the bloo…
Organs which produce testosterone. Sperm are produced here.
The scientific term for the female gamete.
Urethra
Tube which transports urine from the bladder to the outside o…
Ovaries
Organs which secrete oestrogen and progesterone into the bloo…
80 terms
Reproduction- Higher Human Biology
What are the male and female gametes?
What is the function of the testes?
What is the function of the sperm duct?
What is the function of the prostate g…
Male- sperm... Female- ova
Produces sperm
Carries sperm from testes to penis
Secrete fluids which maintain viability and mobility of sperm
What are the male and female gametes?
Male- sperm... Female- ova
What is the function of the testes?
Produces sperm
28 terms
Human Biology Johnson 9e Chapter 17: Cell Reproduction and Differentiation
anaphase
cell cycle
chromosome
clone
Third stage of mitosis, in which the two sets of daughter chr…
A repeating series of events in which a eukaryotic cell grows…
Rodlike structure of tightly coiled chromatin. Visible in the…
A genetic copy of a gene, a cell, or an organism.
anaphase
Third stage of mitosis, in which the two sets of daughter chr…
cell cycle
A repeating series of events in which a eukaryotic cell grows…
26 terms
Biology: Human Growth and Reproduction
Puberty
testes
scrotum
seminiferous tubules
Period of rapid growth and sexual maturation during which the…
Male gonads; the site of sperm formation
External sac that contains the testes
Narrow, coiled tubules that produce sperm in the testes.
Puberty
Period of rapid growth and sexual maturation during which the…
testes
Male gonads; the site of sperm formation
19 terms
JC Biology Human Reproduction Part 2 (Birth, Puberty, Cycles & Cells)
puberty
secondary
gamete
embryo
The time in a person's life during which they become sexually…
Voice deepens and shoulders broaden are s_________ sexual cha…
Fertization is when a male and female g________ fuse to produ…
When the zygote starts to divide it is now called the .......…
puberty
The time in a person's life during which they become sexually…
secondary
Voice deepens and shoulders broaden are s_________ sexual cha…
Cells and human reproduction
cells
reproduction
What are living things made up of?
basic unit
細胞
生殖
...
基本的單位
cells
細胞
reproduction
生殖
70 terms
IGCSE Biology - Human Reproduction
Urethra
Ureter
Ovaries
Testis
Tube which transports urine from the bladder to the outside o…
Tube which transports urine from the kidneys to the bladder
Organs which secrete oestrogen and progesterone into the bloo…
Organs which produce testosterone. Sperm are produced here.
Urethra
Tube which transports urine from the bladder to the outside o…
Ureter
Tube which transports urine from the kidneys to the bladder
Biology Exam-Cell Reproduction
Chromosome
Histone
Chromatid
Centromere
- rod shaped structures made of DNA and proteins ... - single DN…
- proteins that the DNA in eukaryotic cells wrap tightly arou…
- two identical halves(each called this)... - forms from DNA mak…
- the point where the two chromatids are attached ... - importan…
Chromosome
- rod shaped structures made of DNA and proteins ... - single DN…
Histone
- proteins that the DNA in eukaryotic cells wrap tightly arou…
10 terms
Biology Final Study Guide Final IV (Human Reproduction and Cell Divisions)
Prostate
Testes
Ovary
Fallopian Tube
Makes basic fluid that sperm enjoy
Produce Sperm
Organ that does meiosis
Place of conception of baby
Prostate
Makes basic fluid that sperm enjoy
Testes
Produce Sperm
Chromosomes, Cell Reproduction and Human Reproduction
DNA
forms of DNA
gene
chromosomes
stores information that tells which proteins to make and when
chromatin, chromosomes, chromatids
segment of DNA coding for one protein
DNA tightly coiled around protein
DNA
stores information that tells which proteins to make and when
forms of DNA
chromatin, chromosomes, chromatids
BIOLOGY- reproduction- human reproduction
Amnion
Amniotic fluid
Cervix
Cilia
Bag surrounding the fetus in the uterus and containing the am…
Liquid that protects the fetus in the uterus.
Ring of muscle at the lower end of the uterus.
Tiny hair-like projections from a cell that usually allow it…
Amnion
Bag surrounding the fetus in the uterus and containing the am…
Amniotic fluid
Liquid that protects the fetus in the uterus.
Biology Cell reproduction quiz
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Period between cell divisions/chromatin are present with G1,…
-Chromatids join at centromere... -Nuclear envelope disappears... -…
-Spindle is complete... -spindle fibers join to centromere at ki…
-Chromatids separate to become chromosomes... -Spindle fibers pu…
Interphase
Period between cell divisions/chromatin are present with G1,…
Prophase
-Chromatids join at centromere... -Nuclear envelope disappears... -…
Biology Cell growth and reproduction
Binary Fission
Budding
sexual reproduction
genetic variation
asexual reproduction in bacteria
asexual reproduction in an organism; which a new smaller orga…
creation of a new organism by combining the genetic informati…
occurs in sexual reproduction; the offspring gets half its…
Binary Fission
asexual reproduction in bacteria
Budding
asexual reproduction in an organism; which a new smaller orga…
13 terms
Human Reproduction and Cell Divisions
Prostate
Testes
Ovary
Uterus
makes basic (not acid) fluid
makes the sperm
makes eggs
The womb- where the baby develops
Prostate
makes basic (not acid) fluid
Testes
makes the sperm
59 terms
BIOLOGY- Human Reproduction and Development
testes
scrotum
seminiferous tubules
epididymis
organs (2) that produce sperm and sex hormones ... comprised of…
muscular sac outside the body that holds the testes ... temperat…
many in each testis ... sperm produced here by meiosis... takes abo…
(1 per testes)... coiled tube within the scrotum ... lie above each…
testes
organs (2) that produce sperm and sex hormones ... comprised of…
scrotum
muscular sac outside the body that holds the testes ... temperat…
18 terms
HUMAN BIOLOGY - HUMAN REPRODUCTION
Purpose of sexual reproduction
Primary sex organs
Secondary sex organs
MALE... TESTES - structure
To ensure the continuation of our species, some members must…
Gonads - produce the gametes
Store the gametes, bring them together in fertilisation and s…
- held by scrotum - production of sperm requries a temperatur…
Purpose of sexual reproduction
To ensure the continuation of our species, some members must…
Primary sex organs
Gonads - produce the gametes
19 terms
IGCSE Biology - Human Reproduction (labelling)
Sperm duct
Seminal vesicle
Urethra
Testis
Name structure B
Name structure C
Name structure D
Name structure F
Sperm duct
Name structure B
Seminal vesicle
Name structure C
Biology Human Reproduction Review
List five endocrine glands. (Know wher…
How does the body response to hormones…
What endocrine glad releases hormones…
Steroid hormones are made of _________…
Pineal Gland, Hypothalamus, adrenal, pancreas, testes, ovarie…
In general, the body's responses to hormones are slower and l…
Pituitary Gland (know where it is in the pic above)
Lipids
List five endocrine glands. (Know wher…
Pineal Gland, Hypothalamus, adrenal, pancreas, testes, ovarie…
How does the body response to hormones…
In general, the body's responses to hormones are slower and l…
Human Biology- Reproduction
Overies
Oviducts
Cervix
Uterus
Produce eggs and steroid hormones.
Conduct the egg to the uterus. Fertilization occurs here.
Opening to the uterus.
Womb, where we are developed.
Overies
Produce eggs and steroid hormones.
Oviducts
Conduct the egg to the uterus. Fertilization occurs here.
42 terms
Biology: Cell Reproduction and Genetics (Cell reproduction)
Cell reproduction
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromatin
The process by which a cell divides
Reproduction with only one parent
Reproduction with two parents
DNA and proteins in the nucleus of a cell
Cell reproduction
The process by which a cell divides
Asexual Reproduction
Reproduction with only one parent
70 terms
IGCSE Biology - Human Reproduction
Urethra
Ureter
Ovaries
Testis
Tube which transports urine from the bladder to the outside o…
Tube which transports urine from the kidneys to the bladder
Organs which secrete oestrogen and progesterone into the bloo…
Organs which produce testosterone. Sperm are produced here.
Urethra
Tube which transports urine from the bladder to the outside o…
Ureter
Tube which transports urine from the kidneys to the bladder
16 terms
Cell Division & Human Reproduction
DNA
Chromosomes
Nucleus
Cell
A molecule that stores genetic material and directs protein s…
Long strand of DNA
Organelle that contains DNA
Basic unit of life
DNA
A molecule that stores genetic material and directs protein s…
Chromosomes
Long strand of DNA
69 terms
Cell Reproduction + human
Reproduction
Benefits of reproducing:
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Passing on DNA to create offspring
-avoid exctinsion... -multiply for growth + repair
1 parent, offspring identical
2 parents, offspring not identical
Reproduction
Passing on DNA to create offspring
Benefits of reproducing:
-avoid exctinsion... -multiply for growth + repair
Cells and Human Body: Reproduction
DNA
Chromosomes
Replication
Budding
Genetic material of ALL living things
Structure within cells that contain genetic material/ DNA
Copying/reproducing
Visible in asexual reproduction (plants); shows new life growth
DNA
Genetic material of ALL living things
Chromosomes
Structure within cells that contain genetic material/ DNA
20 terms
Biology Chap 9 cell reproduction
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokinesis
cells reproduce by a cycle of growing and dividing
stage during which the cell grows, carries out cellular funct…
stage of the cell cycle during which the cell's nucleus and n…
method by which a cell's cytoplasm divides, creating a new cell
cell cycle
cells reproduce by a cycle of growing and dividing
interphase
stage during which the cell grows, carries out cellular funct…
8 terms
human bio final cell reproduction
diploid cells
gametes
mitosis
meiosis
cell with 2 of each type of chromosome. indicated by shorthan…
have only 1 set of chromosomes. meiosis halves the chromosome…
type of cell division producing offspring cells with full set…
occurs in germ cells in the ovaries and testes. two rounds of…
diploid cells
cell with 2 of each type of chromosome. indicated by shorthan…
gametes
have only 1 set of chromosomes. meiosis halves the chromosome…
28 terms
Biology 23-Human Reproduction
Secondary Sex Characteristics
Puberty
Menopause
Ovaries
Controlled by sex hormones at puberty and not essential for r…
Age (10-15 years) when, ... 1. sexual maturity begins (menstrual…
Permanent stopping of the menstrual cycle at middle age (50 y…
Primary sex organ that contains thousands of follicles that p…
Secondary Sex Characteristics
Controlled by sex hormones at puberty and not essential for r…
Puberty
Age (10-15 years) when, ... 1. sexual maturity begins (menstrual…
30 terms
Biology chapter 9 Cell Reproduction
Chromatin
Chromosome
Cytokinesis
Interphase
relaxed form of DNA in the nucleus of a cell.
DNA-contain- ing structure that carries genetic material from…
third main stage of the cell cycle, during which the cell's c…
First stage of the cell cycle, during which a cell grows, mat…
Chromatin
relaxed form of DNA in the nucleus of a cell.
Chromosome
DNA-contain- ing structure that carries genetic material from…
Cell Reproduction: Biology
DNA replication
Binary fission
Interphase
G1; Gap/Growth phase
Occurs during interphase
prokaryotic cells reproduce a sexually
The longest phase, 90% of cell cycle length
cell growth, number of cytoplasmic components doubled; cells…
DNA replication
Occurs during interphase
Binary fission
prokaryotic cells reproduce a sexually
47 terms
Biology: Human Reproduction
Epididymides
Vas Deferens
Testes
Seminal Vesicles
sperm produced by the testes mature within this for about 90…
after sperm leave an epididymis, they enter this where they m…
produce sperm and sex hormones
produce thick fluid to keep sperm alive... lies at base of bladd…
Epididymides
sperm produced by the testes mature within this for about 90…
Vas Deferens
after sperm leave an epididymis, they enter this where they m…
23 terms
IB Biology Unit 11.4: Human Reproduction
Describe (so label verbally) a seminef…
Describe (so label verbally) a seminef…
Describe the process of spermatogenesis
Describe (so label verbally) the ovary…
Here is the unlabelled diagram. Answers on the next card.
The testes are composed of seminiferous tubules which produce…
spermatogenesis is sperm production; ... in testes; ... there is ce…
Describe (so label verbally) a seminef…
Here is the unlabelled diagram. Answers on the next card.
Describe (so label verbally) a seminef…
The testes are composed of seminiferous tubules which produce…
human biology: Cells
cell membrane
mitochondria
golgi body
nucleus
a selectively permeable lipid(fat) membrane that controls whi…
the site of the aerobic phase of cellular respiration and pro…
responsible for the secretion of cell products such as protei…
contains chromosomes whose genes control the activities of th…
cell membrane
a selectively permeable lipid(fat) membrane that controls whi…
mitochondria
the site of the aerobic phase of cellular respiration and pro…
16 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Cell Reproduction
Cell Division
Mitosis
Meiosis
Haploid cell
forming two cells from one existing cell
a process in cell division which results in two cells with ge…
A process in cell division during which the number of chromos…
has half the number chromosomes; has 1 autosome of each homol…
Cell Division
forming two cells from one existing cell
Mitosis
a process in cell division which results in two cells with ge…
32 terms
Biology: cell reproduction unit
where do cells come from?
why do cells reproduce?
prokaryotic cell divison
binary fission
preexisting cells
grow... repair... reproduce
binary fission
asexual reproduction that produces identical offspring
where do cells come from?
preexisting cells
why do cells reproduce?
grow... repair... reproduce
Biology Human Reproduction
Urethra
Ureter
Ovaries
Testis
Tube which transports urine from the bladder to the outside o…
Tube which transports urine from the kidneys to the bladder
Organs which secrete oestrogen and progesterone into the bloo…
Organs which produce testosterone. Sperm are produced here.
Urethra
Tube which transports urine from the bladder to the outside o…
Ureter
Tube which transports urine from the kidneys to the bladder
Biology Midterm: Human Reproduction
Testys
Scrotum
Epididymis
Vas deference
-male oragan... -produces sperm
-external sac that surrounds testes... -male
-long coiled tube leading from testes to vas deference ... -male…
-long tube connects epididymis to urethra ... -male
Testys
-male oragan... -produces sperm
Scrotum
-external sac that surrounds testes... -male
14 terms
Biology--Chapter 8 Cell Reproduction
chromosome
chromatid
centromere
chromatin
A doubled rod of condensed chromatin; contains DNA that carri…
one of two identical strands into which a chromosome splits d…
area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
long strands of DNA found in the eukaryotic cell nucleus; con…
chromosome
A doubled rod of condensed chromatin; contains DNA that carri…
chromatid
one of two identical strands into which a chromosome splits d…
8 terms
Human and Human Biology (Human Reproduction)
Menstruation
Parts of a Male Penis
Conception
Fertilization
When things leave your body.
1. Urinary Bladder... 2. Seminal Vesicles ... 3. Vas Deferens ... 4. P…
Attached into the uterus.
When a sperm goes into the egg.
Menstruation
When things leave your body.
Parts of a Male Penis
1. Urinary Bladder... 2. Seminal Vesicles ... 3. Vas Deferens ... 4. P…
21 terms
Biology; Reproduction of Cells
Reproduction Cells
Haploid
Somatic
Diploid
Cells with a single set of chromosomes
Single set of chromosomes
Cells with a double set of chromosomes
Double set of chromosomes
Reproduction Cells
Cells with a single set of chromosomes
Haploid
Single set of chromosomes
55 terms
Biology Cell Reproduction Test
how do living things grow?
what happens when cells grow larger?
what is DNA?
where is eukaryotic DNA stored?
by producing more cells
higher demands are placed on the cell's DNA
a substance that stores the information for the functions of…
in the nucleus
how do living things grow?
by producing more cells
what happens when cells grow larger?
higher demands are placed on the cell's DNA
13 terms
Human Biology - Reproductive System
sexual reproduction
sperm
testes
egg cell
cells from two organisms must unite to form a cell that devel…
male sex cell
male organ that produces sperm
female sex cell made in the ovaries
sexual reproduction
cells from two organisms must unite to form a cell that devel…
sperm
male sex cell
14 terms
Biology: Human Reproduction - Chapter 24
The stages of reproduction
The stages of reproduction: How fertil…
estrogen
the menstrual cycle
1) egg cells are formed in each ovary... 2) each month, one ovar…
1) sperm are released by the male into the vagina during mati…
a female hormone produced by the ovary that is responsible fo…
the monthly changes that take place in the female reproductiv…
The stages of reproduction
1) egg cells are formed in each ovary... 2) each month, one ovar…
The stages of reproduction: How fertil…
1) sperm are released by the male into the vagina during mati…
33 terms
Biology- Cell Reproduction Vocabulary
chromosomes
histones
chromatid
centromere
rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins
proteins wrapped around tightly by the DNA in eukaryotic cells
each half of the chromosome
the point at which the chromatids are attached
chromosomes
rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins
histones
proteins wrapped around tightly by the DNA in eukaryotic cells
40 terms
Biology CELL REPRODUCTION
INTERPHASE
G1
s phase
G2 phase
phase of the cell cycle in which the cell spends and performs…
1. First growth stage 2. Cell Increases in Size 3. Cell prepa…
Copying of all of DNA's instructions -- Chromosomes duplicated
Time between DNA synthesis & Mitosis. -- Cell Continues Growi…
INTERPHASE
phase of the cell cycle in which the cell spends and performs…
G1
1. First growth stage 2. Cell Increases in Size 3. Cell prepa…
32 terms
Biology: Human Reproduction - The Male & Female Reproductive Systems
males & females
hormones
primary sex characteristics in males
testosterone
- a male is a male because of testes... - a female is a female b…
chemicals made in one part of an organism that affects other…
testes: glands in the male body that produce the hormone test…
a hormone in the male body that produces sperm (sperm have a…
males & females
- a male is a male because of testes... - a female is a female b…
hormones
chemicals made in one part of an organism that affects other…
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