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Study sets matching "biology cells human reproduction"

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Study sets matching "biology cells human reproduction"

38 terms
Biology human and cell reproduction
what is a diploid number in humans
how are the 46 chromosomes arranged
what is mitosis used for
how many cells does mitosis produce
46 chromosomes
as 23 homologous pairs
growth, development and repair
2 daughter cells
what is a diploid number in humans
46 chromosomes
how are the 46 chromosomes arranged
as 23 homologous pairs
28 terms
Human Biology: Cell Reproduction & Differentiation
Anaphase
Cell Cycle
Chromosome
Clone
third stage of mitosis, in which the two sets of daughter chr…
repeating series of events in which a eukaryotic cell grows,…
rodlike structure of tightly coiled chromatin
producing identical copies
Anaphase
third stage of mitosis, in which the two sets of daughter chr…
Cell Cycle
repeating series of events in which a eukaryotic cell grows,…
70 terms
IGCSE Biology - Human Reproduction
Urethra
Ureter
Ovaries
Testis
Tube which transports urine from the bladder to the outside o…
Tube which transports urine from the kidneys to the bladder
Organs which secrete oestrogen and progesterone into the bloo…
Organs which produce testosterone. Sperm are produced here.
Urethra
Tube which transports urine from the bladder to the outside o…
Ureter
Tube which transports urine from the kidneys to the bladder
20 terms
Biology - Cell Reproduction
Binary fission
To create identical cells
Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase
Prophase
how bacteria reproduce. DNA copies and then the cell split in…
What is the goal of mitosis?
What are the phases of mitosis?
Chromosomes pack together. Nucleus begisn to break down.
Binary fission
how bacteria reproduce. DNA copies and then the cell split in…
To create identical cells
What is the goal of mitosis?
130 terms
Cells and human reproduction
cells
reproduction
What are living things made up of?
basic unit
細胞
生殖
...
基本的單位
cells
細胞
reproduction
生殖
46 terms
IGCSE Biology - Human Reproduction
Urethra
Ovaries
Testis
Ovum
Tube which transports urine from the bladder to the outside o…
Organs which secrete oestrogen and progesterone into the bloo…
Organs which produce testosterone. Sperm are produced here.
The scientific term for the female gamete.
Urethra
Tube which transports urine from the bladder to the outside o…
Ovaries
Organs which secrete oestrogen and progesterone into the bloo…
28 terms
Human Biology Johnson 9e Chapter 17: Cell Reproduction and Differentiation
anaphase
cell cycle
chromosome
clone
Third stage of mitosis, in which the two sets of daughter chr…
A repeating series of events in which a eukaryotic cell grows…
Rodlike structure of tightly coiled chromatin. Visible in the…
A genetic copy of a gene, a cell, or an organism.
anaphase
Third stage of mitosis, in which the two sets of daughter chr…
cell cycle
A repeating series of events in which a eukaryotic cell grows…
26 terms
Biology: Human Growth and Reproduction
Puberty
testes
scrotum
seminiferous tubules
Period of rapid growth and sexual maturation during which the…
Male gonads; the site of sperm formation
External sac that contains the testes
Narrow, coiled tubules that produce sperm in the testes.
Puberty
Period of rapid growth and sexual maturation during which the…
testes
Male gonads; the site of sperm formation
10 terms
Biology Final Study Guide Final IV (Human Reproduction and Cell Divisions)
Prostate
Testes
Ovary
Fallopian Tube
Makes basic fluid that sperm enjoy
Produce Sperm
Organ that does meiosis
Place of conception of baby
Prostate
Makes basic fluid that sperm enjoy
Testes
Produce Sperm
70 terms
IGCSE Biology - Human Reproduction
Urethra
Ureter
Ovaries
Testis
Tube which transports urine from the bladder to the outside o…
Tube which transports urine from the kidneys to the bladder
Organs which secrete oestrogen and progesterone into the bloo…
Organs which produce testosterone. Sperm are produced here.
Urethra
Tube which transports urine from the bladder to the outside o…
Ureter
Tube which transports urine from the kidneys to the bladder
18 terms
HUMAN BIOLOGY - HUMAN REPRODUCTION
Purpose of sexual reproduction
Primary sex organs
Secondary sex organs
MALE... TESTES - structure
To ensure the continuation of our species, some members must…
Gonads - produce the gametes
Store the gametes, bring them together in fertilisation and s…
- held by scrotum - production of sperm requries a temperatur…
Purpose of sexual reproduction
To ensure the continuation of our species, some members must…
Primary sex organs
Gonads - produce the gametes
40 terms
Biology Exam-Cell Reproduction
Chromosome
Histone
Chromatid
Centromere
- rod shaped structures made of DNA and proteins ... - single DN…
- proteins that the DNA in eukaryotic cells wrap tightly arou…
- two identical halves(each called this)... - forms from DNA mak…
- the point where the two chromatids are attached ... - importan…
Chromosome
- rod shaped structures made of DNA and proteins ... - single DN…
Histone
- proteins that the DNA in eukaryotic cells wrap tightly arou…
Biology Cell reproduction quiz
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Period between cell divisions/chromatin are present with G1,…
-Chromatids join at centromere... -Nuclear envelope disappears... -…
-Spindle is complete... -spindle fibers join to centromere at ki…
-Chromatids separate to become chromosomes... -Spindle fibers pu…
Interphase
Period between cell divisions/chromatin are present with G1,…
Prophase
-Chromatids join at centromere... -Nuclear envelope disappears... -…
80 terms
Reproduction- Higher Human Biology
What are the male and female gametes?
What is the function of the testes?
What is the function of the sperm duct?
What is the function of the prostate g…
Male- sperm... Female- ova
Produces sperm
Carries sperm from testes to penis
Secrete fluids which maintain viability and mobility of sperm
What are the male and female gametes?
Male- sperm... Female- ova
What is the function of the testes?
Produces sperm
60 terms
Chromosomes, Cell Reproduction and Human Reproduction
DNA
forms of DNA
gene
chromosomes
stores information that tells which proteins to make and when
chromatin, chromosomes, chromatids
segment of DNA coding for one protein
DNA tightly coiled around protein
DNA
stores information that tells which proteins to make and when
forms of DNA
chromatin, chromosomes, chromatids
19 terms
IGCSE Biology - Human Reproduction (labelling)
Sperm duct
Seminal vesicle
Urethra
Testis
Name structure B
Name structure C
Name structure D
Name structure F
Sperm duct
Name structure B
Seminal vesicle
Name structure C
42 terms
Biology Cell growth and reproduction
Binary Fission
Budding
sexual reproduction
genetic variation
asexual reproduction in bacteria
asexual reproduction in an organism; which a new smaller orga…
creation of a new organism by combining the genetic informati…
occurs in sexual reproduction; the offspring gets half its…
Binary Fission
asexual reproduction in bacteria
Budding
asexual reproduction in an organism; which a new smaller orga…
13 terms
Biology - Human Reproduction
Contraception
Abortion
Hormone
Ovulation
Prevention of / fertilisation or conception or implantation o…
Termination of a pregancy
Chemical messenger produced by an endocrine gland
The release of the egg from the ovary
Contraception
Prevention of / fertilisation or conception or implantation o…
Abortion
Termination of a pregancy
11 terms
Biology - Human Reproduction
Contraception
Abortion
Hormone
Ovulation
Prevention of / fertilisation or conception or implantation o…
Termination of a pregancy
Chemical messenger produced by an endocrine gland
The release of the egg from the ovary
Contraception
Prevention of / fertilisation or conception or implantation o…
Abortion
Termination of a pregancy
13 terms
Human Reproduction and Cell Divisions
Prostate
Testes
Ovary
Uterus
makes basic (not acid) fluid
makes the sperm
makes eggs
The womb- where the baby develops
Prostate
makes basic (not acid) fluid
Testes
makes the sperm
21 terms
Biology Human Reproduction Review
List five endocrine glands. (Know wher…
How does the body response to hormones…
What endocrine glad releases hormones…
Steroid hormones are made of _________…
Pineal Gland, Hypothalamus, adrenal, pancreas, testes, ovarie…
In general, the body's responses to hormones are slower and l…
Pituitary Gland (know where it is in the pic above)
Lipids
List five endocrine glands. (Know wher…
Pineal Gland, Hypothalamus, adrenal, pancreas, testes, ovarie…
How does the body response to hormones…
In general, the body's responses to hormones are slower and l…
20 terms
Biology Chap 9 cell reproduction
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokinesis
cells reproduce by a cycle of growing and dividing
stage during which the cell grows, carries out cellular funct…
stage of the cell cycle during which the cell's nucleus and n…
method by which a cell's cytoplasm divides, creating a new cell
cell cycle
cells reproduce by a cycle of growing and dividing
interphase
stage during which the cell grows, carries out cellular funct…
70 terms
IGCSE Biology - Human Reproduction
Urethra
Ureter
Ovaries
Testis
Tube which transports urine from the bladder to the outside o…
Tube which transports urine from the kidneys to the bladder
Organs which secrete oestrogen and progesterone into the bloo…
Organs which produce testosterone. Sperm are produced here.
Urethra
Tube which transports urine from the bladder to the outside o…
Ureter
Tube which transports urine from the kidneys to the bladder
22 terms
IGCSE Biology - Human Reproduction
Urethra
Ureter
Ovaries
Testis
Tube which transports urine from the bladder to the outside o…
Tube which transports urine from the kidneys to the bladder
Organs which secrete oestrogen and progesterone into the bloo…
Organs which produce testosterone. Sperm are produced here.
Urethra
Tube which transports urine from the bladder to the outside o…
Ureter
Tube which transports urine from the kidneys to the bladder
30 terms
cell reproduction and genetics biology
allele
cell cycle
chromosomes
cloning
one of a number of different forms of a gene
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
threadlike structure within the nucleus containing the geneti…
the process of creating a member of a population of genetical…
allele
one of a number of different forms of a gene
cell cycle
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
80 terms
Reproduction- Higher Human Biology
What are the male and female gametes?
What is the function of the testes?
What is the function of the sperm duct?
What is the function of the prostate g…
Male- sperm... Female- ova
Produces sperm
Carries sperm from testes to penis
Secrete fluids which maintain viability and mobility of sperm
What are the male and female gametes?
Male- sperm... Female- ova
What is the function of the testes?
Produces sperm
70 terms
IGCSE Biology - Human Reproduction
Urethra
Ureter
Ovaries
Testis
Tube which transports urine from the bladder to the outside o…
Tube which transports urine from the kidneys to the bladder
Organs which secrete oestrogen and progesterone into the bloo…
Organs which produce testosterone. Sperm are produced here.
Urethra
Tube which transports urine from the bladder to the outside o…
Ureter
Tube which transports urine from the kidneys to the bladder
16 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Cell Reproduction
Cell Division
Mitosis
Meiosis
Haploid cell
forming two cells from one existing cell
a process in cell division which results in two cells with ge…
A process in cell division during which the number of chromos…
has half the number chromosomes; has 1 autosome of each homol…
Cell Division
forming two cells from one existing cell
Mitosis
a process in cell division which results in two cells with ge…
69 terms
Cell Reproduction + human
Reproduction
Benefits of reproducing:
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Passing on DNA to create offspring
-avoid exctinsion... -multiply for growth + repair
1 parent, offspring identical
2 parents, offspring not identical
Reproduction
Passing on DNA to create offspring
Benefits of reproducing:
-avoid exctinsion... -multiply for growth + repair
18 terms
Cells and Human Body: Reproduction
DNA
Chromosomes
Replication
Budding
Genetic material of ALL living things
Structure within cells that contain genetic material/ DNA
Copying/reproducing
Visible in asexual reproduction (plants); shows new life growth
DNA
Genetic material of ALL living things
Chromosomes
Structure within cells that contain genetic material/ DNA
32 terms
Biology: Human Reproduction - The Male & Female Reproductive Systems
males & females
hormones
primary sex characteristics in males
testosterone
- a male is a male because of testes... - a female is a female b…
chemicals made in one part of an organism that affects other…
testes: glands in the male body that produce the hormone test…
a hormone in the male body that produces sperm (sperm have a…
males & females
- a male is a male because of testes... - a female is a female b…
hormones
chemicals made in one part of an organism that affects other…
32 terms
Biology: cell reproduction unit
where do cells come from?
why do cells reproduce?
prokaryotic cell divison
binary fission
preexisting cells
grow... repair... reproduce
binary fission
asexual reproduction that produces identical offspring
where do cells come from?
preexisting cells
why do cells reproduce?
grow... repair... reproduce
16 terms
Cell Division & Human Reproduction
DNA
Chromosomes
Nucleus
Cell
A molecule that stores genetic material and directs protein s…
Long strand of DNA
Organelle that contains DNA
Basic unit of life
DNA
A molecule that stores genetic material and directs protein s…
Chromosomes
Long strand of DNA
14 terms
Biology: Human Reproduction - Chapter 24
The stages of reproduction
The stages of reproduction: How fertil…
estrogen
the menstrual cycle
1) egg cells are formed in each ovary... 2) each month, one ovar…
1) sperm are released by the male into the vagina during mati…
a female hormone produced by the ovary that is responsible fo…
the monthly changes that take place in the female reproductiv…
The stages of reproduction
1) egg cells are formed in each ovary... 2) each month, one ovar…
The stages of reproduction: How fertil…
1) sperm are released by the male into the vagina during mati…
28 terms
Leaving Cert Biology Human Reproduction
Primary sexual characteristics
Secondary sexual characteristics
Menstrual cycle
Menstruation
The physical characteristics that distinguish male from femal…
the physical characteristics that distinguish male from femal…
A series of events that occurs every 28 days on average in th…
Discharge of the lining of the uterus(endometrium) and the un…
Primary sexual characteristics
The physical characteristics that distinguish male from femal…
Secondary sexual characteristics
the physical characteristics that distinguish male from femal…
BIOLOGY: sexual reproduction in humans
sex cells
ovary
oviduct
uterus
gametes allows reproduction to take place
they release egg
tube that egg travels down to reach womb. fertilisation happe…
where fertilised egg implants and develop into foetus
sex cells
gametes allows reproduction to take place
ovary
they release egg
13 terms
Human Biology - Reproductive System
sexual reproduction
sperm
testes
egg cell
cells from two organisms must unite to form a cell that devel…
male sex cell
male organ that produces sperm
female sex cell made in the ovaries
sexual reproduction
cells from two organisms must unite to form a cell that devel…
sperm
male sex cell
88 terms
Biology - Reproduction in Humans
Reproduction
All living things have the ability to…
Types of reproduction
Sexual reproduction
A biological process by which new individuals from living org…
Reproduction ensures the transfer of genetic information from…
- Sexual reproduction... - Asexual reproduction
the process involving the fusion of two gametes to form the z…
Reproduction
A biological process by which new individuals from living org…
All living things have the ability to…
Reproduction ensures the transfer of genetic information from…
21 terms
Biology; Reproduction of Cells
Reproduction Cells
Haploid
Somatic
Diploid
Cells with a single set of chromosomes
Single set of chromosomes
Cells with a double set of chromosomes
Double set of chromosomes
Reproduction Cells
Cells with a single set of chromosomes
Haploid
Single set of chromosomes
11 terms
Biology - Reproduction in Humans
Sexual reproduction
puberty
zygote
Physical changes of puberty
requires two parents, male and female.
when humans develop reproductive organs which produce sex cel…
fertilised egg
occurs between ages of 10 and 20... body hair begins to grow... mal…
Sexual reproduction
requires two parents, male and female.
puberty
when humans develop reproductive organs which produce sex cel…
8 terms
Human and Human Biology (Human Reproduction)
Menstruation
Parts of a Male Penis
Conception
Fertilization
When things leave your body.
1. Urinary Bladder... 2. Seminal Vesicles ... 3. Vas Deferens ... 4. P…
Attached into the uterus.
When a sperm goes into the egg.
Menstruation
When things leave your body.
Parts of a Male Penis
1. Urinary Bladder... 2. Seminal Vesicles ... 3. Vas Deferens ... 4. P…
21 terms
Human Biology- Reproductive System
Gonads (Meiosis) Functions
Testes Function
Ovaries
Male and Female make an equal genetic…
1) Produce the gametes, the cells that will fuse and develop…
Produce sperm: Spermatogenesis, first=2 gametes, 2nd= 4 gamet…
Produce eggs: Oogenesis, 1 viable gamete and 3 polar bodies... A…
1 copy
Gonads (Meiosis) Functions
1) Produce the gametes, the cells that will fuse and develop…
Testes Function
Produce sperm: Spermatogenesis, first=2 gametes, 2nd= 4 gamet…
33 terms
Biology- Cell Reproduction Vocabulary
chromosomes
histones
chromatid
centromere
rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins
proteins wrapped around tightly by the DNA in eukaryotic cells
each half of the chromosome
the point at which the chromatids are attached
chromosomes
rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins
histones
proteins wrapped around tightly by the DNA in eukaryotic cells
40 terms
Biology CELL REPRODUCTION
INTERPHASE
G1
s phase
G2 phase
phase of the cell cycle in which the cell spends and performs…
1. First growth stage 2. Cell Increases in Size 3. Cell prepa…
Copying of all of DNA's instructions -- Chromosomes duplicated
Time between DNA synthesis & Mitosis. -- Cell Continues Growi…
INTERPHASE
phase of the cell cycle in which the cell spends and performs…
G1
1. First growth stage 2. Cell Increases in Size 3. Cell prepa…
35 terms
AP Biology - Cell Reproduction
Cell Division
Cell Cycle
Interphase
G1
It is the process in which cells divide and it is how we repl…
It is the name of a cell's life cycle. A typical cell has two…
It is the time between one cell division and the next. During…
In G1, the cell undergoes growth and increases in size. It al…
Cell Division
It is the process in which cells divide and it is how we repl…
Cell Cycle
It is the name of a cell's life cycle. A typical cell has two…
19 terms
Biology Cell Reproduction
organelle
cell wall
cell membrane
nucleus
a specialized structure inside plant and animal cells.
the non-living outermost covering of a plant cell.
a covering around a cell that controls the movement of materi…
the main organelle of the cell, which directs the cell's acti…
organelle
a specialized structure inside plant and animal cells.
cell wall
the non-living outermost covering of a plant cell.
6 terms
human biology: Cells
cell membrane
mitochondria
golgi body
nucleus
a selectively permeable lipid(fat) membrane that controls whi…
the site of the aerobic phase of cellular respiration and pro…
responsible for the secretion of cell products such as protei…
contains chromosomes whose genes control the activities of th…
cell membrane
a selectively permeable lipid(fat) membrane that controls whi…
mitochondria
the site of the aerobic phase of cellular respiration and pro…
34 terms
Biology test: Cell Cycle, DNA Replication, Meiosis, and Human Reproduction
The Cell Cycle
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
- replace dead\worn out\ damaged cells... -type of cell: somatic…
in both the Cell Cycle and Meiosis, prep for division,longest…
chromosomes condense, nuclear envelope dissolves, centriole p…
the centriole pairs are at opposite poles of the cell and the…
The Cell Cycle
- replace dead\worn out\ damaged cells... -type of cell: somatic…
Interphase
in both the Cell Cycle and Meiosis, prep for division,longest…
30 terms
Biology chapter 9 Cell Reproduction
Chromatin
Chromosome
Cytokinesis
Interphase
relaxed form of DNA in the nucleus of a cell.
DNA-contain- ing structure that carries genetic material from…
third main stage of the cell cycle, during which the cell's c…
First stage of the cell cycle, during which a cell grows, mat…
Chromatin
relaxed form of DNA in the nucleus of a cell.
Chromosome
DNA-contain- ing structure that carries genetic material from…
19 terms
Biology Cell Reproduction
organelle
cell wall
cell membrane
nucleus
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
The non-living outside covering of a plant cell.
A covering around a cell that controls the movement of materi…
The main organelle of a cell, which directs the cell's activi…
organelle
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
cell wall
The non-living outside covering of a plant cell.
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