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Study sets matching "biology cells organelles chapter 2"

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Study sets matching "biology cells organelles chapter 2"

10 terms
Biology Chapter 2 - Cell Organelles
Nucleus
Mitochondria
Lysosome
Golgi complex
Nucleus
Mitochondria
10 terms
Biology chapter 2 - cell organelles
nucleus
mitochondria
ribosomes
rough ER
contains genetic material that regulates the activities of th…
site of cellular respiration ... folds increase surface area s t…
synthesis of polypeptides (proteins) ... found in cytoplasm or b…
synthesis, folding and modification of proteins... transport of…
nucleus
contains genetic material that regulates the activities of th…
mitochondria
site of cellular respiration ... folds increase surface area s t…
12 terms
Chapter 2 Cell Organelles
Vacuole
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Golgi Apparatus
Storage sacks for water, salts, food, etc.
Organelle that controls the cell's activities and contains DNA.
Supports the cell's organelles. Site of some chemical reactio…
Changes or packages proteins for export from the cell.
Vacuole
Storage sacks for water, salts, food, etc.
Nucleus
Organelle that controls the cell's activities and contains DNA.
18 terms
Unit 1 Biology - Chapter 2 (Cells and Organelles)
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleolus
Nucleus
boundary layer around the cell
the fluid component of the cell as well as the organelles wit…
area in nucleus where ribosomes are assembled
encloses the genetic material (DNA)
Plasma membrane
boundary layer around the cell
Cytoplasm
the fluid component of the cell as well as the organelles wit…
24 terms
Chapter 2 Cell Organelles
Vacuole
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Golgi Apparatus
Storage sacks for water, salts, food, etc.
Organelle that controls the cell's activities and contains DNA.
Supports the cell's organelles. Site of some chemical reactio…
Changes or packages proteins for export from the cell.
Vacuole
Storage sacks for water, salts, food, etc.
Nucleus
Organelle that controls the cell's activities and contains DNA.
24 terms
Chapter 2 Modern Biology Organelles in a cell
cell wall
Cell/plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
A Rigid structure that surrounds the cell membrane and forms…
The cell's outer membrane acts as barrier between inside and…
The fluid in each cell that contains organelles, and it creat…
A membrane bound structure that contains the cell's DNA, and…
cell wall
A Rigid structure that surrounds the cell membrane and forms…
Cell/plasma membrane
The cell's outer membrane acts as barrier between inside and…
BIOLOGY - Membranes and cell organelles. (Chapter 2)
Apoptosis.
Apoptosis and cancer.
Necrosis.
Caspases.
- Programmed cell death.... - A cell would receive an internal s…
- Lack of apoptosis can lead to cancer.... - Malignant (cancerou…
- If a cell is seriously damaged by some mechanical/ chemical…
- Special enzymes that cleave specific proteins at the amino…
Apoptosis.
- Programmed cell death.... - A cell would receive an internal s…
Apoptosis and cancer.
- Lack of apoptosis can lead to cancer.... - Malignant (cancerou…
36 terms
Chapter 2: Cell organelles
Lipid
Hydrophobic
Hydrophillic
SA:V
Phospholipid bilayer. What a membrane is made from
Avoids water molecules.
Water loving, molecules that are able to dissolve in water
IS obtained by dividing the area by its volume. As a cell gro…
Lipid
Phospholipid bilayer. What a membrane is made from
Hydrophobic
Avoids water molecules.
25 terms
2.1 Cell Biology - Organelles
Centriole
Plasma membrane
Mitochondria
Lysosome
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in "animal cells on…
Selective barrier that separates a cell from its surroundings…
"Powerhouse of cell" that converts energy in food molecules t…
It is the "garbage disposal" of cell. It contains digestive e…
Centriole
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in "animal cells on…
Plasma membrane
Selective barrier that separates a cell from its surroundings…
Cell Organelles Chapter 2
cell
nucleus
chloroplast
Mitochondria
smallest unit in a living organism
control center of the cell, contains DNA
contains chlorophyll, site of photosynthesis
power house, turns food into energy for the cell
cell
smallest unit in a living organism
nucleus
control center of the cell, contains DNA
26 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Cell Organelles
Vacuoles
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
Store waste products, nutrients, and water. In plant cells it…
DNA is found in the nucleus, RNA is also made here; surrounde…
This produces ribosomes; found in the nucleus
Part of the cell that is outside the nucleus; contains organe…
Vacuoles
Store waste products, nutrients, and water. In plant cells it…
Nucleus
DNA is found in the nucleus, RNA is also made here; surrounde…
12 terms
CELL ORGANELLES: CHAPTER 2
Plasma membrane
Cell wall
Nucleus
Mitochondria
- Boundary of cell... - Maintains internal environment of cell b…
- Provides strength... - Cell support... - Prevents over-expansion…
- Control centre of cell... - Exchange of material w/ cytoplasm…
- ATP production... - 'Powerhouse' of the cell... - Present in euk.
Plasma membrane
- Boundary of cell... - Maintains internal environment of cell b…
Cell wall
- Provides strength... - Cell support... - Prevents over-expansion…
14 terms
Biology 3.2 Cell Organelles
cytoskeleton
nucleus
endoplasmic reticulum
ribosome
network of proteins, such as microtubules and microfilaments,…
organelle composed of a double membrane that acts as the stor…
interconnected network of thin, folded membranes that... produce…
organelle that links amino acids... together to form proteins. (…
cytoskeleton
network of proteins, such as microtubules and microfilaments,…
nucleus
organelle composed of a double membrane that acts as the stor…
12 terms
Biology Chapter 3.2 Cell Organelles
cytoskeleton
Nucleus
Endoplasmic reticulum
Ribosome
a network of protein filaments that plays an essential role i…
in a Eukaryota cell, a membrane-bound organelle that contains…
a system of membranes that is found in a cell's cytoplasm and…
a cell organelle composed of RNA and protein; the site of pro…
cytoskeleton
a network of protein filaments that plays an essential role i…
Nucleus
in a Eukaryota cell, a membrane-bound organelle that contains…
21 terms
2.1 Cell Biology - Organelles
Plasma membrane
Mitochondria
Lysosome
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
Selective barrier that separates a cell from its surroundings…
"Powerhouse of cell" that converts energy in food molecules t…
It is the "garbage disposal" of cell. It contains digestive e…
Also known as the "highway" of the cell. It forms a maze of p…
Plasma membrane
Selective barrier that separates a cell from its surroundings…
Mitochondria
"Powerhouse of cell" that converts energy in food molecules t…
20 terms
Chapter 2: Cell Organelles
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Cytoskeleton
lysosomes
Ribosomes
Function: Lipid components are assembled, along with proteins…
Function: A network of filaments that support and give shape…
Function: breaks down lipids, carbohydrates and proteins into…
Function: small particles of RNA and protein found throughout…
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Function: Lipid components are assembled, along with proteins…
Cytoskeleton
Function: A network of filaments that support and give shape…
40 terms
Cell Biology - Organelles
CELL THEORY
MICROGRAPH
ORGANELLE
PLASMA MEMBRANE
(biology) the theory that cells form the fundamental structur…
A photograph taken through a microscope.
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
A selectively-permeable phospholipid bilayer forming the boun…
CELL THEORY
(biology) the theory that cells form the fundamental structur…
MICROGRAPH
A photograph taken through a microscope.
39 terms
Chapter 2. Cells and Organelles
Cytolysis
Cytology
Robert Hooke
Antoni van Leeuwenhoek
splitting of cells
study of structure and function of cells new due to the micro…
british, studies cork, looked like it contained little rooms,…
1st person to view indiv living cells with microscope
Cytolysis
splitting of cells
Cytology
study of structure and function of cells new due to the micro…
14 terms
Chapter 2 cell organelles
Compounds present in plants
Compounds present in fungi
Compounds present in bacteria
Nucleus
Cellulose
Chitin
Complex polysaccharides
Contains most of the cell's genetic material, which regulates…
Compounds present in plants
Cellulose
Compounds present in fungi
Chitin
43 terms
Biology: Unit 3 (Chapter 2: Membranes and cell organelles)
active transport
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
antigens
apoptosis
net movement of dissolved substances across a cell membrane b…
compound containing adenosine and three molecules of phosphat…
compounds, usually proteins, that can trigger the immune syst…
the natural death of cells, also called programmed cell death
active transport
net movement of dissolved substances across a cell membrane b…
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
compound containing adenosine and three molecules of phosphat…
22 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Cell Organelles
Vacuoles
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
Store waste products, nutrients, and water. In plant cells it…
DNA is found in the nucleus, RNA is also made here; surrounde…
This produces ribosomes; found in the nucleus
Part of the cell that is outside the nucleus; contains organe…
Vacuoles
Store waste products, nutrients, and water. In plant cells it…
Nucleus
DNA is found in the nucleus, RNA is also made here; surrounde…
103 terms
Chapter 2: Cells and Cell Organelles
Anabolism
What does anabolism produce?
Catabolism
Cell membrane
Process of building up complex materials (proteins) from simp…
Proteins like hormones, and enzymes
Process of breaking down foods to form simple substances and…
Surrounds and protects cell
Anabolism
Process of building up complex materials (proteins) from simp…
What does anabolism produce?
Proteins like hormones, and enzymes
19 terms
Chapter 2 Cell Theory and Cell Organelles
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Golgi Apparatus/Golgi Bodies
Lysosome
An organelle that contains the cell's DNA and directs the cel…
A jelly-like substance which supports and protects the organe…
This is the cell's (post office). It processes and packages m…
This is the (recycling center) which breaks down larger food…
Nucleus
An organelle that contains the cell's DNA and directs the cel…
Cytoplasm
A jelly-like substance which supports and protects the organe…
18 terms
Biology: Cells & Organelles
cell
cyto-
organelle
nucleus
(biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all org…
cell
specialized structure that performs important cellular functi…
a part of the cell containing DNA, surrounded by a double mem…
cell
(biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all org…
cyto-
cell
26 terms
Bio Chapter 2 - Cell organelles
Chapter 2:
Cell
Cells can:
Cell Structure:
Structure and Function of Cells
The smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, w…
- Take in small molecules... - Control and regulate chemical rea…
- 'Reaction factor', where many molecules can interact to cre…
Chapter 2:
Structure and Function of Cells
Cell
The smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, w…
27 terms
Ap Biology Cell Organelles
Chloroplast
Peroxisomes
Amyloplast
Chromoplast
Site of photosynthesis ... Converts solar energy into potential…
makes hydrogen peroxide to detoxify alcohol or convert lipids…
Stores starch amylose and turns in into glucosec... some plant c…
Responsible for the colors in plant... 4 to 5 um... plant cells only
Chloroplast
Site of photosynthesis ... Converts solar energy into potential…
Peroxisomes
makes hydrogen peroxide to detoxify alcohol or convert lipids…
35 terms
Chapter 2: Cells and Organelles
organism
cell
unicellular
multicellular
A living thing
The basic unit of structure and function in an organism.
Made of a single cell.
Consisting of many cells.
organism
A living thing
cell
The basic unit of structure and function in an organism.
43 terms
Chapter 2 Biology - Membranes and organelles
Active transport
ATP
Antigens
Apoptosis
The net movement of dissolved substances either into or out o…
Compound containing adenosine and three molecules of phosphat…
Compounds, usually proteins, that can trigger the immune syst…
The natural death of cell, also called programmed cell death.…
Active transport
The net movement of dissolved substances either into or out o…
ATP
Compound containing adenosine and three molecules of phosphat…
13 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Organelles
Ribosomes
Golgi Apparatus
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Composed of RNA molecules and are where protein synthesis tak…
Formed of cisternae. Modifies proteins and packages them into…
Network of membranes enclosing cisternae, connected to outer…
Network of membranes enclosing cisternae, connected to outer…
Ribosomes
Composed of RNA molecules and are where protein synthesis tak…
Golgi Apparatus
Formed of cisternae. Modifies proteins and packages them into…
9 terms
Biology Chapter 2 - Organelles
secreted from the cell
What is the nucleus's shape?
What does it have?
Where is the DNA?
voided from the cell after phagocytosis
Spherical
A double membrane called the nuclear membrane
It is in the nucleus, protected by the membrane with pores
secreted from the cell
voided from the cell after phagocytosis
What is the nucleus's shape?
Spherical
21 terms
Chapter 2- Membranes and Cell Organelles
Apoptosis
Plasma Membrane
Cytosol
Organelles
The natural death of cells, also called programmed cell death.
Partially permeable boundary of a cell separating it from its…
Fluid contents of a cell
Structures, for example, mitochondria, present in a cell and…
Apoptosis
The natural death of cells, also called programmed cell death.
Plasma Membrane
Partially permeable boundary of a cell separating it from its…
34 terms
Chapter 2- Membranes and cell organelles
apoptosis
cell
plasma membrane
cytosol
the natural death of cells, also called programmed cell death
basic unit of structure in living organisms
partially permeable boundary of a cell separating it from its…
fluid contents of a cell
apoptosis
the natural death of cells, also called programmed cell death
cell
basic unit of structure in living organisms
43 terms
Chapter 2: Membranes and Cell organelles
active transport
adenosine triphosphate
antigens
apoptosis
...
...
...
...
active transport
...
adenosine triphosphate
...
Chapter 2: Membranes and cell organelles
active transport
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
antigens
apoptosis
The movement of molecules through the cell membrane AGAINST a…
form of energy that cells use
Substances that send the immune system into action.... Generally…
controlled cell death caused by enzymes in lysosomes
active transport
The movement of molecules through the cell membrane AGAINST a…
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
form of energy that cells use
17 terms
Masconomet Chapter 2 Cell Organelles
Organelle
cell wall
cell membrane
nuclear envelope/membrane
a tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
strong supporting layer around the cell membrane in plants, a…
thin, flexible, double membrane layer around a cell, regulate…
a double membrane barrier surrounding the nucleus
Organelle
a tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
cell wall
strong supporting layer around the cell membrane in plants, a…
17 terms
Acl Biology - Chapter 7.2 - Cell Organelles with Pictures
Vacuoles
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
Store waste products, nutrients, and water. In plant cells it…
DNA is found in the nucleus, RNA is also made here; controls…
This produces ribosomes and is NOT a "regular" organelle; fou…
Part of the cell that is outside the nucleus; contains organe…
Vacuoles
Store waste products, nutrients, and water. In plant cells it…
Nucleus
DNA is found in the nucleus, RNA is also made here; controls…
12 terms
Biology Chapter 3.2 Cell Organelles
cytoskeleton
Nucleus
Endoplasmic reticulum
Ribosome
a network of protein filaments that plays an essential role i…
in a Eukaryota cell, a membrane-bound organelle that contains…
a system of membranes that is found in a cell's cytoplasm and…
a cell organelle composed of RNA and protein; the site of pro…
cytoskeleton
a network of protein filaments that plays an essential role i…
Nucleus
in a Eukaryota cell, a membrane-bound organelle that contains…
51 terms
Chapter 2 membranes and cell organelles
cell theory
What cells are composed of
Classes of cells
Prolaryote
-all living organisms are composed of cells... -all cells come f…
-a plasma membrane... -nucleic acid (DNA or RNA)... -cytoplasam
Prokaryote: bacteria and Monera... doesn't have a defined nucleu…
genetic material is singular circuit... prokaryotes contain a ce…
cell theory
-all living organisms are composed of cells... -all cells come f…
What cells are composed of
-a plasma membrane... -nucleic acid (DNA or RNA)... -cytoplasam
17 terms
Chapter 2 - STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS OF CELL ORGANELLES
Eukaryote
Prokaryote
Nucleus
Ribosomes
Cell or organism with a membrane-bound nucleus
Any cell or organism without a membrane- bound nucleus
The control centre of a cell, which contains genetic informat…
Organelles containing RNA that are major sites of protein pro…
Eukaryote
Cell or organism with a membrane-bound nucleus
Prokaryote
Any cell or organism without a membrane- bound nucleus
22 terms
Cell Biology - Organelles
Centriole
Plasma membrane
Mitochondria
Lysosome
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in "animal cells on…
Selective barrier that separates a cell from its surroundings…
"Powerhouse of cell" that converts energy in food molecules t…
It is the "garbage disposal" of cell. It contains digestive e…
Centriole
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in "animal cells on…
Plasma membrane
Selective barrier that separates a cell from its surroundings…
26 terms
Prelim Biology : Cell Organelles
Vacuoles
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
Store waste products, nutrients, and water. In plant cells it…
DNA is found in the nucleus, RNA is also made here; surrounde…
This produces ribosomes; found in the nucleus
Part of the cell that is outside the nucleus; contains organe…
Vacuoles
Store waste products, nutrients, and water. In plant cells it…
Nucleus
DNA is found in the nucleus, RNA is also made here; surrounde…
15 terms
Cell Biology #2 (Cell Types and Organelles)
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Organelle
Nucleus
a major category of cell that contains no nucleus or membrane…
a major category of cell that contains a nucleus and speciali…
a specialized structure withing eukayotic cells that performs…
the organelle within eukaryotic cells that contains the cells…
Prokaryotic
a major category of cell that contains no nucleus or membrane…
Eukaryotic
a major category of cell that contains a nucleus and speciali…
35 terms
Chapter 2 (Membranes and Cell Organelles)
Organelles
Apoptosis
Cancer
Cytosol
Membrane bound structures within the cell that carry out spec…
The natural death of cells. Also called programmed cell death.
Abnormal and uncontrolled cell multiplication.
The fluid contents of the cell.
Organelles
Membrane bound structures within the cell that carry out spec…
Apoptosis
The natural death of cells. Also called programmed cell death.
12 terms
Biology: Chapter 3.2 - Cell Organelles
Cytoskeleton
Nucleus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Ribosomes
a network of proteins that is constantly changing to meet the…
the storehouse for most of the genetic information, or DNA (d…
an interconnected network of thin folded membranes; aids in t…
tiny organelles that link amino acids together to form protei…
Cytoskeleton
a network of proteins that is constantly changing to meet the…
Nucleus
the storehouse for most of the genetic information, or DNA (d…
13 terms
LPS Biology Chapter 3c: Cell Organelles
cell membrane
cell wall
nucleus
cytoplasm
Regulates what enters and leaves the cell. Defines the area o…
Main function is to provide support and protection for the ce…
Contains the hereditary information (DNA). Visible with a lig…
The watery material inside the cell membrane but not includin…
cell membrane
Regulates what enters and leaves the cell. Defines the area o…
cell wall
Main function is to provide support and protection for the ce…
16 terms
Biology Chapter 7: The Cell Organelles
Three components of the "cell theory"…
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Ribosomes
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
This is the boundary between the inside and the outside fo th…
This organelle is the control center for the cell and houses…
This is the part of the cell where proteins are made or assem…
Three components of the "cell theory"…
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
Cell Membrane
This is the boundary between the inside and the outside fo th…
45 terms
Cell Organelles, Chapter 2 Lesson 2 The Cell
Vacuoles
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
In plant cells these store nutrients, and regulates pressure…
Found in Eukaryotic cells. DNA is found here, in the chromoso…
Inside the nucleus, this organelle produces ribosomes.
Term for the cell gel - all the organelles float in this.
Vacuoles
In plant cells these store nutrients, and regulates pressure…
Nucleus
Found in Eukaryotic cells. DNA is found here, in the chromoso…
12 terms
Biology 3.2 Cell Organelles
cytoskeleton
nucleus
endoplasmic reticulum
ribosome
A network of proteins (known as microtubules, microfilaments)…
Control center of the cell containing the genetic material DNA.
A system of membranes that is found in a cell's cytoplasm and…
Cytoplasmic organelles at which proteins are synthesized.
cytoskeleton
A network of proteins (known as microtubules, microfilaments)…
nucleus
Control center of the cell containing the genetic material DNA.
17 terms
Ch 2 Biology(Cell organelles)
nucleus
DNA/ chromosomes
ribosomes
ER
contains and protects DNA
information for making proteins
make proteins
transports and finishes proteins and other molecules
nucleus
contains and protects DNA
DNA/ chromosomes
information for making proteins
32 terms
Cells and Organelles: Chapter 2
What makes cells function differently…
Increasing cell count is critical for…
What cells don't have a nucleus?
What cells have a nucleus?
mutations
growth, development, and healing
prokaryotic cells (they are effected by the environment)
Eukaryotic cells (protects the DNA inside)
What makes cells function differently…
mutations
Increasing cell count is critical for…
growth, development, and healing
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