Study sets matching "biology cells organelles chapter 2"

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Study sets matching "biology cells organelles chapter 2"

10 terms
Biology chapter 2 - cell organelles
nucleus
mitochondria
ribosomes
rough ER
contains genetic material that regulates the activities of th…
site of cellular respiration ... folds increase surface area s t…
synthesis of polypeptides (proteins) ... found in cytoplasm or b…
synthesis, folding and modification of proteins... transport of…
nucleus
contains genetic material that regulates the activities of th…
mitochondria
site of cellular respiration ... folds increase surface area s t…
Biology Chapter 2 - Cell Organelles
Nucleus
Mitochondria
Lysosome
Golgi complex
Nucleus
Mitochondria
12 terms
Chapter 2 Cell Organelles
Vacuole
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Golgi Apparatus
Storage sacks for water, salts, food, etc.
Organelle that controls the cell's activities and contains DNA.
Supports the cell's organelles. Site of some chemical reactio…
Changes or packages proteins for export from the cell.
Vacuole
Storage sacks for water, salts, food, etc.
Nucleus
Organelle that controls the cell's activities and contains DNA.
18 terms
Unit 1 Biology - Chapter 2 (Cells and Organelles)
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleolus
Nucleus
boundary layer around the cell
the fluid component of the cell as well as the organelles wit…
area in nucleus where ribosomes are assembled
encloses the genetic material (DNA)
Plasma membrane
boundary layer around the cell
Cytoplasm
the fluid component of the cell as well as the organelles wit…
24 terms
Chapter 2 Cell Organelles
Vacuole
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Golgi Apparatus
Storage sacks for water, salts, food, etc.
Organelle that controls the cell's activities and contains DNA.
Supports the cell's organelles. Site of some chemical reactio…
Changes or packages proteins for export from the cell.
Vacuole
Storage sacks for water, salts, food, etc.
Nucleus
Organelle that controls the cell's activities and contains DNA.
36 terms
Chapter 2: Cell organelles
Lipid
Hydrophobic
Hydrophillic
SA:V
Phospholipid bilayer. What a membrane is made from
Avoids water molecules.
Water loving, molecules that are able to dissolve in water
IS obtained by dividing the area by its volume. As a cell gro…
Lipid
Phospholipid bilayer. What a membrane is made from
Hydrophobic
Avoids water molecules.
25 terms
2.1 Cell Biology - Organelles
Centriole
Plasma membrane
Mitochondria
Lysosome
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in "animal cells on…
Selective barrier that separates a cell from its surroundings…
"Powerhouse of cell" that converts energy in food molecules t…
It is the "garbage disposal" of cell. It contains digestive e…
Centriole
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in "animal cells on…
Plasma membrane
Selective barrier that separates a cell from its surroundings…
26 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Cell Organelles
Vacuoles
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
Store waste products, nutrients, and water. In plant cells it…
DNA is found in the nucleus, RNA is also made here; surrounde…
This produces ribosomes; found in the nucleus
Part of the cell that is outside the nucleus; contains organe…
Vacuoles
Store waste products, nutrients, and water. In plant cells it…
Nucleus
DNA is found in the nucleus, RNA is also made here; surrounde…
CELL ORGANELLES: CHAPTER 2
Plasma membrane
Cell wall
Nucleus
Mitochondria
- Boundary of cell... - Maintains internal environment of cell b…
- Provides strength... - Cell support... - Prevents over-expansion…
- Control centre of cell... - Exchange of material w/ cytoplasm…
- ATP production... - 'Powerhouse' of the cell... - Present in euk.
Plasma membrane
- Boundary of cell... - Maintains internal environment of cell b…
Cell wall
- Provides strength... - Cell support... - Prevents over-expansion…
14 terms
Biology 3.2 Cell Organelles
cytoskeleton
nucleus
endoplasmic reticulum
ribosome
network of proteins, such as microtubules and microfilaments,…
organelle composed of a double membrane that acts as the stor…
interconnected network of thin, folded membranes that... produce…
organelle that links amino acids... together to form proteins. (…
cytoskeleton
network of proteins, such as microtubules and microfilaments,…
nucleus
organelle composed of a double membrane that acts as the stor…
BIOLOGY - Membranes and cell organelles. (Chapter 2)
Apoptosis.
Apoptosis and cancer.
Necrosis.
Caspases.
- Programmed cell death.... - A cell would receive an internal s…
- Lack of apoptosis can lead to cancer.... - Malignant (cancerou…
- If a cell is seriously damaged by some mechanical/ chemical…
- Special enzymes that cleave specific proteins at the amino…
Apoptosis.
- Programmed cell death.... - A cell would receive an internal s…
Apoptosis and cancer.
- Lack of apoptosis can lead to cancer.... - Malignant (cancerou…
Cell Organelles Chapter 2
cell
nucleus
chloroplast
Mitochondria
smallest unit in a living organism
control center of the cell, contains DNA
contains chlorophyll, site of photosynthesis
power house, turns food into energy for the cell
cell
smallest unit in a living organism
nucleus
control center of the cell, contains DNA
12 terms
Biology Chapter 3.2 Cell Organelles
cytoskeleton
Nucleus
Endoplasmic reticulum
Ribosome
a network of protein filaments that plays an essential role i…
in a Eukaryota cell, a membrane-bound organelle that contains…
a system of membranes that is found in a cell's cytoplasm and…
a cell organelle composed of RNA and protein; the site of pro…
cytoskeleton
a network of protein filaments that plays an essential role i…
Nucleus
in a Eukaryota cell, a membrane-bound organelle that contains…
UNIT 3 BIOLOGY - Chapter 2: Membranes and Cell Organelles
Cell membrane
Fluid mosaic model
Diffusion
Simple diffusion
Described as selectively/semi-permeable.... This means that some…
The fluid mosaic model states that, the plasma membrne consis…
A type of passive transport.... The net movement of a substance…
Method one: substances dissolve and pass through the phosphol…
Cell membrane
Described as selectively/semi-permeable.... This means that some…
Fluid mosaic model
The fluid mosaic model states that, the plasma membrne consis…
2.1 Cell Biology - Organelles
Plasma membrane
Mitochondria
Lysosome
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
Selective barrier that separates a cell from its surroundings…
"Powerhouse of cell" that converts energy in food molecules t…
It is the "garbage disposal" of cell. It contains digestive e…
Also known as the "highway" of the cell. It forms a maze of p…
Plasma membrane
Selective barrier that separates a cell from its surroundings…
Mitochondria
"Powerhouse of cell" that converts energy in food molecules t…
Chapter 2: Cell Organelles
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Cytoskeleton
lysosomes
Ribosomes
Function: Lipid components are assembled, along with proteins…
Function: A network of filaments that support and give shape…
Function: breaks down lipids, carbohydrates and proteins into…
Function: small particles of RNA and protein found throughout…
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Function: Lipid components are assembled, along with proteins…
Cytoskeleton
Function: A network of filaments that support and give shape…
40 terms
Cell Biology - Organelles
CELL THEORY
MICROGRAPH
ORGANELLE
PLASMA MEMBRANE
(biology) the theory that cells form the fundamental structur…
A photograph taken through a microscope.
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
A selectively-permeable phospholipid bilayer forming the boun…
CELL THEORY
(biology) the theory that cells form the fundamental structur…
MICROGRAPH
A photograph taken through a microscope.
12 terms
LIFE SCIENCE, Chapter 2 Cell Organelles
Vacuole
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Golgi Apparatus
Storage sacks for water, salts, food, etc.
Organelle that controls the cell's activities and contains DNA.
Supports the cell's organelles. Site of some chemical reactio…
Changes or packages proteins for export from the cell.
Vacuole
Storage sacks for water, salts, food, etc.
Nucleus
Organelle that controls the cell's activities and contains DNA.
27 terms
Ap Biology Cell Organelles
Chloroplast
Peroxisomes
Amyloplast
Chromoplast
Site of photosynthesis ... Converts solar energy into potential…
makes hydrogen peroxide to detoxify alcohol or convert lipids…
Stores starch amylose and turns in into glucosec... some plant c…
Responsible for the colors in plant... 4 to 5 um... plant cells only
Chloroplast
Site of photosynthesis ... Converts solar energy into potential…
Peroxisomes
makes hydrogen peroxide to detoxify alcohol or convert lipids…
15 terms
Cell Biology #2 (Cell Types and Organelles)
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Organelle
Nucleus
a major category of cell that contains no nucleus or membrane…
a major category of cell that contains a nucleus and speciali…
a specialized structure withing eukayotic cells that performs…
the organelle within eukaryotic cells that contains the cells…
Prokaryotic
a major category of cell that contains no nucleus or membrane…
Eukaryotic
a major category of cell that contains a nucleus and speciali…
39 terms
Chapter 2. Cells and Organelles
Cytolysis
Cytology
Robert Hooke
Antoni van Leeuwenhoek
splitting of cells
study of structure and function of cells new due to the micro…
british, studies cork, looked like it contained little rooms,…
1st person to view indiv living cells with microscope
Cytolysis
splitting of cells
Cytology
study of structure and function of cells new due to the micro…
16 terms
Biology Chapter 7: The Cell Organelles
Three components of the "cell theory"…
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Ribosomes
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
This is the boundary between the inside and the outside fo th…
This organelle is the control center for the cell and houses…
This is the part of the cell where proteins are made or assem…
Three components of the "cell theory"…
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
Cell Membrane
This is the boundary between the inside and the outside fo th…
18 terms
Biology: Cells & Organelles
cell
cyto-
organelle
nucleus
(biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all org…
cell
specialized structure that performs important cellular functi…
a part of the cell containing DNA, surrounded by a double mem…
cell
(biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all org…
cyto-
cell
22 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Cell Organelles
Vacuoles
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
Store waste products, nutrients, and water. In plant cells it…
DNA is found in the nucleus, RNA is also made here; surrounde…
This produces ribosomes; found in the nucleus
Part of the cell that is outside the nucleus; contains organe…
Vacuoles
Store waste products, nutrients, and water. In plant cells it…
Nucleus
DNA is found in the nucleus, RNA is also made here; surrounde…
Chapter 2: Cells and Cell Organelles
Anabolism
What does anabolism produce?
Catabolism
Cell membrane
Process of building up complex materials (proteins) from simp…
Proteins like hormones, and enzymes
Process of breaking down foods to form simple substances and…
Surrounds and protects cell
Anabolism
Process of building up complex materials (proteins) from simp…
What does anabolism produce?
Proteins like hormones, and enzymes
19 terms
Chapter 2 Cell Theory and Cell Organelles
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Golgi Apparatus/Golgi Bodies
Lysosome
An organelle that contains the cell's DNA and directs the cel…
A jelly-like substance which supports and protects the organe…
This is the cell's (post office). It processes and packages m…
This is the (recycling center) which breaks down larger food…
Nucleus
An organelle that contains the cell's DNA and directs the cel…
Cytoplasm
A jelly-like substance which supports and protects the organe…
Chapter 2- Membranes and cell organelles
apoptosis
cell
plasma membrane
cytosol
the natural death of cells, also called programmed cell death
basic unit of structure in living organisms
partially permeable boundary of a cell separating it from its…
fluid contents of a cell
apoptosis
the natural death of cells, also called programmed cell death
cell
basic unit of structure in living organisms
17 terms
Masconomet Chapter 2 Cell Organelles
Organelle
cell wall
cell membrane
nuclear envelope/membrane
a tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
strong supporting layer around the cell membrane in plants, a…
thin, flexible, double membrane layer around a cell, regulate…
a double membrane barrier surrounding the nucleus
Organelle
a tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
cell wall
strong supporting layer around the cell membrane in plants, a…
Chapter 2: Cells and Organelles
organism
cell
unicellular
multicellular
A living thing
The basic unit of structure and function in an organism.
Made of a single cell.
Consisting of many cells.
organism
A living thing
cell
The basic unit of structure and function in an organism.
12 terms
Biology 3.2 Cell Organelles
cytoskeleton
nucleus
endoplasmic reticulum
ribosome
A network of proteins (known as microtubules, microfilaments)…
Control center of the cell containing the genetic material DNA.
A system of membranes that is found in a cell's cytoplasm and…
Cytoplasmic organelles at which proteins are synthesized.
cytoskeleton
A network of proteins (known as microtubules, microfilaments)…
nucleus
Control center of the cell containing the genetic material DNA.
22 terms
Cell Biology - Organelles
Centriole
Plasma membrane
Mitochondria
Lysosome
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in "animal cells on…
Selective barrier that separates a cell from its surroundings…
"Powerhouse of cell" that converts energy in food molecules t…
It is the "garbage disposal" of cell. It contains digestive e…
Centriole
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in "animal cells on…
Plasma membrane
Selective barrier that separates a cell from its surroundings…
Prelim Biology : Cell Organelles
Vacuoles
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
Store waste products, nutrients, and water. In plant cells it…
DNA is found in the nucleus, RNA is also made here; surrounde…
This produces ribosomes; found in the nucleus
Part of the cell that is outside the nucleus; contains organe…
Vacuoles
Store waste products, nutrients, and water. In plant cells it…
Nucleus
DNA is found in the nucleus, RNA is also made here; surrounde…
56 terms
AP Biology Cell and Organelles
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Chapter 2 membranes and cell organelles
cell theory
What cells are composed of
Classes of cells
Prolaryote
-all living organisms are composed of cells... -all cells come f…
-a plasma membrane... -nucleic acid (DNA or RNA)... -cytoplasam
Prokaryote: bacteria and Monera... doesn't have a defined nucleu…
genetic material is singular circuit... prokaryotes contain a ce…
cell theory
-all living organisms are composed of cells... -all cells come f…
What cells are composed of
-a plasma membrane... -nucleic acid (DNA or RNA)... -cytoplasam
12 terms
Biology Chapter 3.2 Cell Organelles
cytoskeleton
Nucleus
Endoplasmic reticulum
Ribosome
a network of protein filaments that plays an essential role i…
in a Eukaryota cell, a membrane-bound organelle that contains…
a system of membranes that is found in a cell's cytoplasm and…
a cell organelle composed of RNA and protein; the site of pro…
cytoskeleton
a network of protein filaments that plays an essential role i…
Nucleus
in a Eukaryota cell, a membrane-bound organelle that contains…
17 terms
Masconomet Chapter 2 Cell Organelles
Organelle
cell wall
cell membrane
nuclear membrane
a tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
strong supporting layer around the cell membrane in plants, a…
thin, flexible, double membrane layer around a cell, regulate…
a double membrane barrier surrounding the nucleus
Organelle
a tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
cell wall
strong supporting layer around the cell membrane in plants, a…
35 terms
Chapter 2 (Membranes and Cell Organelles)
Organelles
Apoptosis
Cancer
Cytosol
Membrane bound structures within the cell that carry out spec…
The natural death of cells. Also called programmed cell death.
Abnormal and uncontrolled cell multiplication.
The fluid contents of the cell.
Organelles
Membrane bound structures within the cell that carry out spec…
Apoptosis
The natural death of cells. Also called programmed cell death.
17 terms
Acl Biology - Chapter 7.2 - Cell Organelles with Pictures
Vacuoles
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
Store waste products, nutrients, and water. In plant cells it…
DNA is found in the nucleus, RNA is also made here; controls…
This produces ribosomes and is NOT a "regular" organelle; fou…
Part of the cell that is outside the nucleus; contains organe…
Vacuoles
Store waste products, nutrients, and water. In plant cells it…
Nucleus
DNA is found in the nucleus, RNA is also made here; controls…
13 terms
LPS Biology Chapter 3c: Cell Organelles
cell membrane
cell wall
nucleus
cytoplasm
Regulates what enters and leaves the cell. Defines the area o…
Main function is to provide support and protection for the ce…
Contains the hereditary information (DNA). Visible with a lig…
The watery material inside the cell membrane but not includin…
cell membrane
Regulates what enters and leaves the cell. Defines the area o…
cell wall
Main function is to provide support and protection for the ce…
15 terms
Chapter 7.2 Biology - cell organelles
Cytoplasm
Organelles "little organs"
Vacuoles
Lysosomes
Is the fluid portion of the cell outside the nucleus
Many cellular structures act as if they are specialized organs
Store materials like water, salts, proteins, and carbohydrate…
Breaks down lipids, carbohydrates, and proteins into small mo…
Cytoplasm
Is the fluid portion of the cell outside the nucleus
Organelles "little organs"
Many cellular structures act as if they are specialized organs
44 terms
AP Biology Cell Organelles
Nuclear Envelope
Golgi Apparatus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Mitochondria
-surrounds genetic material... -separates nucleus from the cytop…
-packaging organelle... -located in the cytoplasm... -takes in smal…
-network of membranous sacs and tubes... -surrounds the nucleus…
-cellular respiration... -ATP is generated ... -double membrane inc…
Nuclear Envelope
-surrounds genetic material... -separates nucleus from the cytop…
Golgi Apparatus
-packaging organelle... -located in the cytoplasm... -takes in smal…
10 terms
Cell Organelles for Quiz/Test - Biology
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Golgi Apparatus/Golgi Bodies
Cell Membrane
DNA is found in the nucleus, RNA is also made here; surrounde…
Part of the cell that is outside the nucleus; contains organe…
Modifies, sorts, and packages proteins
Double layer of phospholipids (lipid bilayer) that surrounds…
Nucleus
DNA is found in the nucleus, RNA is also made here; surrounde…
Cytoplasm
Part of the cell that is outside the nucleus; contains organe…
Chapter 2 cell organelles
Compounds present in plants
Compounds present in fungi
Compounds present in bacteria
Nucleus
Cellulose
Chitin
Complex polysaccharides
Contains most of the cell's genetic material, which regulates…
Compounds present in plants
Cellulose
Compounds present in fungi
Chitin
43 terms
Biology: Unit 3 (Chapter 2: Membranes and cell organelles)
active transport
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
antigens
apoptosis
net movement of dissolved substances across a cell membrane b…
compound containing adenosine and three molecules of phosphat…
compounds, usually proteins, that can trigger the immune syst…
the natural death of cells, also called programmed cell death
active transport
net movement of dissolved substances across a cell membrane b…
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
compound containing adenosine and three molecules of phosphat…
17 terms
Chapter 2 - STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS OF CELL ORGANELLES
Eukaryote
Prokaryote
Nucleus
Ribosomes
Cell or organism with a membrane-bound nucleus
Any cell or organism without a membrane- bound nucleus
The control centre of a cell, which contains genetic informat…
Organelles containing RNA that are major sites of protein pro…
Eukaryote
Cell or organism with a membrane-bound nucleus
Prokaryote
Any cell or organism without a membrane- bound nucleus
15 terms
Biology Unit 2 - Cell Organelles
mitochondria
ribosome
endoplasmic reticulum
organelle
An organelle in which the processes of cellular respiration a…
Organelles in which proteins are synthesized (made).
A cell structure that forms a maze of passageways in which pr…
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
mitochondria
An organelle in which the processes of cellular respiration a…
ribosome
Organelles in which proteins are synthesized (made).
24 terms
Chapter 2: Functions of Cell Organelles
cell membrane
cytoplasm
endoplasmic reticulum
nucleus
controls the movement into and out of the cell
jelly-like substance containing many of the materials involve…
surface for chemical activity; serves as a pathway for the tr…
serves as the control centre for cell metabolism and reproduc…
cell membrane
controls the movement into and out of the cell
cytoplasm
jelly-like substance containing many of the materials involve…
Cells and Organelles: Chapter 2
What makes cells function differently…
Increasing cell count is critical for…
What cells don't have a nucleus?
What cells have a nucleus?
mutations
growth, development, and healing
prokaryotic cells (they are effected by the environment)
Eukaryotic cells (protects the DNA inside)
What makes cells function differently…
mutations
Increasing cell count is critical for…
growth, development, and healing
Chapter 2 Vocab (Cells & Organelles)
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Eukaryotic Cell
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Makes Lipids, Does not have ribosomes around it, helps remove…
- Genetic Material IS surrounded by a membrane... - Has Organell…
Stiff Structure surrounding plant cells ONLY
Flexible covering that protects the inside of the cell
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Makes Lipids, Does not have ribosomes around it, helps remove…
Eukaryotic Cell
- Genetic Material IS surrounded by a membrane... - Has Organell…
26 terms
Bio Chapter 2 - Cell organelles
Chapter 2:
Cell
Cells can:
Cell Structure:
Structure and Function of Cells
The smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, w…
- Take in small molecules... - Control and regulate chemical rea…
- 'Reaction factor', where many molecules can interact to cre…
Chapter 2:
Structure and Function of Cells
Cell
The smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, w…
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