Study sets matching "biology cells organelles chapter 4"

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Study sets matching "biology cells organelles chapter 4"

18 terms
Biology, Chapter 4 - Cell Organelles
Vacuole
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
In plant cells it stores waste products, nutrients, and water.
DNA is found here. RNA is also made here.
This produces ribosomes and is inside the nucleus.
This contains the jelly-like cytosol and all the organelles f…
Vacuole
In plant cells it stores waste products, nutrients, and water.
Nucleus
DNA is found here. RNA is also made here.
Cell Organelles (Biology Chapter 4)
Cell Theory
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Nucleus
All living things are made of cells and all cells come from p…
Bacteria, Archaea: without nucleus or endo-membrane system
Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists: with nucleus and endo-membr…
Center of endo-membrane system, has double bilayer envelope,…
Cell Theory
All living things are made of cells and all cells come from p…
Prokaryotes
Bacteria, Archaea: without nucleus or endo-membrane system
14 terms
Biology - Chapter 4: Cell Organelle
Nucleus
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Mitochondria
BOTH... -Information and administrative center of the cell... -Regu…
BOTH... -Ribosomes embedded in the membrane... -Ribosomes produce p…
BOTH... -Enzymes assisting making of lipids and final processing…
BOTH... -The site of CELLULAR RESPIRATION in plants and animals…
Nucleus
BOTH... -Information and administrative center of the cell... -Regu…
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
BOTH... -Ribosomes embedded in the membrane... -Ribosomes produce p…
Biology: Chapter 4: Cells: Other Organelles
nucleus
Chromatin
Nucleolus
Mitochondria
Brain of cell/controls all cell activities. Cell division.
DNA spread out in nucleus
Dark spot. Makes ribosomes
-cellular respiration (plants & animals)... -"powerhouse" of c…
nucleus
Brain of cell/controls all cell activities. Cell division.
Chromatin
DNA spread out in nucleus
40 terms
Biology Cell Organelles Chapter 4
nucleus
nucleolus
chromosomes
plasma membrane
large structure surrounded by a double membrane that is the c…
granular body within nucleus, consists of RNA and protein, si…
composed of a complex of DNA and protein called chromatin, vi…
membrane boundary of cell, encloses cellular contents, regula…
nucleus
large structure surrounded by a double membrane that is the c…
nucleolus
granular body within nucleus, consists of RNA and protein, si…
31 terms
Cell Biology: Chapter 4- Cells and Organelles
What are the Three domains of organisms?
Similarities between archaea and bacte…
Examples of Bacteria and Archaea
What are the Three Limitations on Cell…
-Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya (plants, animals, fungi, algae, p…
-Bacteria and Archaea are similar in terms of cell size (1-5…
-Bacteria: Streptococcus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas... -Arch…
1.Need for Adequate Surface Area/Volume ratio... 2.Rates at whic…
What are the Three domains of organisms?
-Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya (plants, animals, fungi, algae, p…
Similarities between archaea and bacte…
-Bacteria and Archaea are similar in terms of cell size (1-5…
Biology Chapter 4 : Cell Structure, Function, and Organelles
Cell
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Cell Theory
basic unit of life; smallest unit of life that can carry on a…
studied nature with early light microscope- looked at thin sl…
made simple and tiny microscopes, but made lenses 10X the mag…
1) all living organism have one or more cell... 2) cells are the…
Cell
basic unit of life; smallest unit of life that can carry on a…
Robert Hooke
studied nature with early light microscope- looked at thin sl…
19 terms
Biology: Cells, Chapter 4 Organelles Quiz
structure that makes ribosomes
genetic information within cell division
structure around nucleus
enzymes contian a large # of ________…
Nucleolus
chromatin
nuclear envolope
ribosomes
structure that makes ribosomes
Nucleolus
genetic information within cell division
chromatin
Chapter 4: Cells & Organelles
What are the parts of a prokaryotic ce…
What are the parts of a eukaryotic ani…
What are NOT in animal cells?
What are the parts of a eukaryotic pla…
1. Nucleoid... 2. Ribosomes... 3. Plasma Membrane... 4. Cell Wall... 5. C…
1. Nucleus (Chromatin, Nucleolus, Nuclear Envelope)... 2. Endopl…
1. Chloroplasts... 2. Central Vacuole and Tonoplast... 3. Cell Wall…
1. Nucleus (Chromatin, Nucleolus, Nuclear Envelope)... 2. Endopl…
What are the parts of a prokaryotic ce…
1. Nucleoid... 2. Ribosomes... 3. Plasma Membrane... 4. Cell Wall... 5. C…
What are the parts of a eukaryotic ani…
1. Nucleus (Chromatin, Nucleolus, Nuclear Envelope)... 2. Endopl…
42 terms
Chapter 4 Vocab: Cell Organelles
plasma membrane
chromosomes
ribosomes
cytoplasm
flexible boundary between the cell and its surroundings
carry genes of DNA
make protein from instructions of genes
cell interior (fluid)
plasma membrane
flexible boundary between the cell and its surroundings
chromosomes
carry genes of DNA
21 terms
Biology Chapter 4.3 Organelles of the Cell
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Mitochondria
Ribosomes
allows materials to pass in or out of the cell and provieds p…
provieds shape to the cell, allows organelles to be held in p…
sites where chemical reactions occur that produce ATP for the…
synthesizes protiens in the cell
Cell Membrane
allows materials to pass in or out of the cell and provieds p…
Cytoplasm
provieds shape to the cell, allows organelles to be held in p…
12 terms
Cell assembly organelles(biology chapter 4)
The space inside of a cell is the..
What is the gel-like fluid inside of t…
Where can the organelles be found in a…
What organelle is covered in ribosomes?
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Eukaryotes and prokaryotes
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
The space inside of a cell is the..
Cytoplasm
What is the gel-like fluid inside of t…
Cytosol
12 terms
Chapter 4-Cells and Organelles
Limitations on Cell (*)... Why are cells…
Diffusion Rate (*)... Diffusion:
many eukaryotic cells may be able to b…
Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya (*)... Eu…
...
The rate of diffusion decreases as the size of the molecule i…
a) carrier proteins... b) cytoplasmic streaming ... c) vesicles
membrane bounded nuleus... -Nucleus includes the Nucleolus :…
Limitations on Cell (*)... Why are cells…
...
Diffusion Rate (*)... Diffusion:
The rate of diffusion decreases as the size of the molecule i…
biology chapter 4 animal cell organelles
nucleus
nucleolus
rough er
smooth er
stores DNA and RNA
produces RNA
makes protiens
makes lipids
nucleus
stores DNA and RNA
nucleolus
produces RNA
59 terms
Chapter 4: Cells and Organelles
eukaryotes
Prokaryotes
methanogens
halophiles
have a genetic material inside a membrane-bound nucleus; plan…
genetic material is loose inside of teh cell; includes regula…
make methane gas
very salt tolerant
eukaryotes
have a genetic material inside a membrane-bound nucleus; plan…
Prokaryotes
genetic material is loose inside of teh cell; includes regula…
44 terms
Chapter 4: Cell Organelles
centrosome
chloroplast
chromatin
chromosome
region in animal cells made of two centrioles
plant cell organelle that carries out photosynthesis
protein-DNA complex that serves as the building material of c…
structure within the nucleus that is made up of chromatin tha…
centrosome
region in animal cells made of two centrioles
chloroplast
plant cell organelle that carries out photosynthesis
58 terms
Chapter 4: Cells and organelles
average bacterial cell
average animal cell
components of all cells (3)
ribosomes are an organelle. (true/false)
1-5 um
10-100 um
ribosomes, plasma membrane, genetic information
(very) false
average bacterial cell
1-5 um
average animal cell
10-100 um
Chapter 4 Cells and Organelles
What are the membrane-bound, functioni…
What forms the boundaries of a cell?
Mitochondrion
Nucleus
Organelles
-Cells are compartmentalized... -Membranes: made of phopholipids
-Where energy (ATP) is made... -Aerobic metabolism
-Where DNA is stored... -Contains genes that code for proteins... -…
What are the membrane-bound, functioni…
Organelles
What forms the boundaries of a cell?
-Cells are compartmentalized... -Membranes: made of phopholipids
27 terms
Cell Organelles - Chapter 4
plasma membrane
cytoskeleton
microtubules
intermediate filaments
the outer surface that controls the entrance and exit of the…
protein fibers that help the vesicles move around; it also he…
(protein cylinders) parts of the cytoskeleton that help the o…
(protein fibers) parts of the cytoskeleton that help maintain…
plasma membrane
the outer surface that controls the entrance and exit of the…
cytoskeleton
protein fibers that help the vesicles move around; it also he…
33 terms
chapter 4 cell organelles
cell
tissue
cell theory
plasma membrane
basic unit of life
group of cells that carry out a specific function
all living things are made of cells
regulates what enters and leaves a cell
cell
basic unit of life
tissue
group of cells that carry out a specific function
Chapter 4: Cell Structure and Organelles
Cell Theory
Why the size of the cells matters
4 Components of a Cell
History of the discovery of cells
1. All living things are made of cells... 2. All cells come from…
smaller cells more effectively transport nutrients and wastes…
1. Plasma membrane- outer boundary of a cell... 2. Nucleus- brai…
Robert Hooke discovered cells when observing cork through a m…
Cell Theory
1. All living things are made of cells... 2. All cells come from…
Why the size of the cells matters
smaller cells more effectively transport nutrients and wastes…
Biology Chapter 4: Cell Parts and Organelles
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Nuclear Membrane
Found in plants/fungi/bacteria; outer layer. It is rigid, str…
Found in all cells; a double layer of phospholipids with prot…
Found in eukaryotes; large and oval shaped, contains one or m…
Found in eukaryotes; surrounds nucleus. It is a selectively p…
Cell Wall
Found in plants/fungi/bacteria; outer layer. It is rigid, str…
Cell Membrane
Found in all cells; a double layer of phospholipids with prot…
11 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Organelles
Mitochondrion
Ribosome
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
Golgi Apparatus
transfers energy from organic componds to ATP
organizes the synthesis of proteins
prepares proteins for export synthesizes steroids, regulates…
processes and packages substances produced by the cell
Mitochondrion
transfers energy from organic componds to ATP
Ribosome
organizes the synthesis of proteins
Biology Chapter 4 : Cell Structure, Function, and Organelles
Cell
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Cell Theory
basic unit of life; smallest unit of life that can carry on a…
studied nature with early light microscope- looked at thin sl…
made simple and tiny microscopes, but made lenses 10X the mag…
1) all living organism have one or more cell... 2) cells are the…
Cell
basic unit of life; smallest unit of life that can carry on a…
Robert Hooke
studied nature with early light microscope- looked at thin sl…
Chapter 4: Cells and Organelles
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Factors limiting cell size
Surface area importance
Bacteria and archae
Animals, plants, fungi, algae, and protozoa (true membrane)
1. Requirement for an adequate surface area/volume ratio... 2. t…
That is where needful exchanges between a cell and it's envir…
Prokaryotes
Bacteria and archae
Eukaryotes
Animals, plants, fungi, algae, and protozoa (true membrane)
28 terms
chapter 4 (cell organelles)
cell membrane
cytoplasm
endoplasmic reticulum (ER)
nucleus
controls movement in and out of cell
watery material which contains many of materials involved in…
pathway for transport of materials throughout cell , associat…
control center for cell metabolism and reproduction , contain…
cell membrane
controls movement in and out of cell
cytoplasm
watery material which contains many of materials involved in…
26 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Cell Organelles
Vacuoles
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
Store waste products, nutrients, and water. In plant cells it…
DNA is found in the nucleus, RNA is also made here; surrounde…
This produces ribosomes; found in the nucleus
Part of the cell that is outside the nucleus; contains organe…
Vacuoles
Store waste products, nutrients, and water. In plant cells it…
Nucleus
DNA is found in the nucleus, RNA is also made here; surrounde…
29 terms
Biology chapter 4 section 2 cell organelles
organelles
cell wall
centrioles
nucleus
"little organs", specialized structures in the cytoplasm
all plant cells have this cellulose structure around their ce…
these are found in animal cells, they contain microtubles tha…
this is the control center of the cell. it is the cells large…
organelles
"little organs", specialized structures in the cytoplasm
cell wall
all plant cells have this cellulose structure around their ce…
Chapter 4 Organelles and Functions of Cells
Phospholipids
Plastids
Microfilament
Nuclear envelope
A double layer of phospholipids that makes up the plasma memb…
Organelles of a plant cell that are surrounded by a double me…
Long threads made of actin that contributes to cell movement.
Double membrane that surrounds the nucleus of a cell.
Phospholipids
A double layer of phospholipids that makes up the plasma memb…
Plastids
Organelles of a plant cell that are surrounded by a double me…
Chapter 4 cell organelles
Smooth ER
Mitochondria
Cytoskeleton
Centrioles
Has folds, makes lipids, and used for detoxification
Makes ATP, does aerobic respiration (breaks down food from gl…
Structural support, allows for movement (microtubules, microf…
Pull chromosomes apart
Smooth ER
Has folds, makes lipids, and used for detoxification
Mitochondria
Makes ATP, does aerobic respiration (breaks down food from gl…
Cell organelles chapter 4 REVIEW
Cell membrain
Mitochondria
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Ribosomes
Fluid mosaic model that covers every cell, and is selectively…
Powerhouse
transport passageways
synthesis proteins
Cell membrain
Fluid mosaic model that covers every cell, and is selectively…
Mitochondria
Powerhouse
22 terms
Chapter 4 - Cell Organelles
Flagellum
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
tail like structure that helps the cell move.
Supports and protects the plant cell. Made of celluose. Like…
Found in plant and animal cells. In plants found just behind…
Brain of the cell. Holds genetic material.
Flagellum
tail like structure that helps the cell move.
Cell Wall
Supports and protects the plant cell. Made of celluose. Like…
Biology Chapter 4 Organelles
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Organelle
Cell Wall
Semifluid substance enclosed by a cell's plasma membrane.
Contains DNA, and has a separate membrane.
Mini organs in a cell
Rigid by permeable structure that surrounds the plasma membra…
Cytoplasm
Semifluid substance enclosed by a cell's plasma membrane.
Nucleus
Contains DNA, and has a separate membrane.
chapter 4: cells and organelles
bacteria cell size
nerve cell size
average bacteria cell size
average animal cell size
0.2-0.3
>1
1-5mircrometers
10-100 micrometers
bacteria cell size
0.2-0.3
nerve cell size
>1
20 terms
Chapter 4 cell organelles
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope (membrane)
Nucleolus
Chromosome
The central region of an atom that contains protons and neutr…
The nucleus is surrounded by a double membrane
Is the site where DNA is concentrated when it is in the proce…
They are structures in the nucleus made of DNA and protein
Nucleus
The central region of an atom that contains protons and neutr…
Nuclear Envelope (membrane)
The nucleus is surrounded by a double membrane
20 terms
Chapter 4 Cell Organelles
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope (membrane)
Nucleolus
Chromosome
Only Eurkarotyes stores hereditary material and DNA coordinat…
The nucleus is surrounded by a double membrane
Is the site where DNA is concentrated when it is in the proce…
When a cell is about to divide, the chromatin to form.... They a…
Nucleus
Only Eurkarotyes stores hereditary material and DNA coordinat…
Nuclear Envelope (membrane)
The nucleus is surrounded by a double membrane
14 terms
Biology - Chapter 4 (Organelles)
Nucleus
Rough ER
Smooth ER
Golgi Apparatus
DNA replication, RNA synthesis; assembly of ribosomal subunit…
Synthesis of membrane lipids and proteins, secretory proteins…
Lipid synthesis; detoxification in liver cells; calcium ion s…
Modification and sorting of macromolecules; formation of lyso…
Nucleus
DNA replication, RNA synthesis; assembly of ribosomal subunit…
Rough ER
Synthesis of membrane lipids and proteins, secretory proteins…
14 terms
Chapter 4-Cell Organelles
What are all living things made up of
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Cells
Determines what goes in and out of the cell; protects and sup…
Holds and supports organelles
Directs cell activities
What are all living things made up of
Cells
Cell membrane
Determines what goes in and out of the cell; protects and sup…
99 terms
Chapter 4 Cell Organelles
In 1965 this man used a crude microsco…
In the late 1600s, this man establishe…
This works by passing visible light th…
The increase of an apparent size of an…
Robert Hooke
Antoni van Leeuwenhoek
light microscope LM
magnification
In 1965 this man used a crude microsco…
Robert Hooke
In the late 1600s, this man establishe…
Antoni van Leeuwenhoek
34 terms
BIOLOGY chapter 4 (organelles)
smooth ER
ribosome
nucleus
lysosome
Lipids manufactured here
small structure that makes protein
contains chromatin
sac of digestive enzymes
smooth ER
Lipids manufactured here
ribosome
small structure that makes protein
29 terms
Cell Biology: Chapter 4 (Semiautonomous Organelles; Protein Sorting)
Semiautonomous organelle
cristae
mitochondrial matrix
function of mitochondria
Grow and divide, but they are not completely autonomous becau…
highly invaginated to form projections; increase the surface…
compartment enclosed by the inner membrane in mitochondria
Make ATP... synthesis, modification, and breakdown of several ty…
Semiautonomous organelle
Grow and divide, but they are not completely autonomous becau…
cristae
highly invaginated to form projections; increase the surface…
Cell organelles and features Chapter 4:3
phospholipid bilayer
chromosome
nucleus
nucleolus
Plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
Any of the usually linear bodies in the cell nucleus that con…
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
Found inside the nucleus and produces ribosomes
phospholipid bilayer
Plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
chromosome
Any of the usually linear bodies in the cell nucleus that con…
26 terms
Chapter 4 cells and organelles
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Nucleus
Nuclear membrane
Separtes cell from its environment. Controls what enters and…
A rigid layer that lies outside the cells plasma membrane. He…
Controls/ directs all cell activities
Surrounds nucleus and separates the nucleus from cytoplasm. D…
Cell membrane
Separtes cell from its environment. Controls what enters and…
Cell wall
A rigid layer that lies outside the cells plasma membrane. He…
45 terms
Chapter 4 - Cells and Organelles
Prokaryotes
archaea
Taq polymerase
Steps of PCR
-bacteria ... -eubacteria - true -blue green algae, also calle…
-ancient ... -can withstand extreme environments bc they have di…
-an example of why archaea are so important ... - The polymeras…
The steps of PCR... - The key ingredients of a PCR reaction are…
Prokaryotes
-bacteria ... -eubacteria - true -blue green algae, also calle…
archaea
-ancient ... -can withstand extreme environments bc they have di…
40 terms
Chapter 4 : Cells and Organelles
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Bacteria
Archaea
Category of organisms characterized by the absence of a true…
Category of organisms whose cells are characterized by the pr…
(singular, bacterium) one of the two groups of prokaryotes, t…
one of the two groups of prokaryotes, the other being bacteri…
Prokaryotes
Category of organisms characterized by the absence of a true…
Eukaryotes
Category of organisms whose cells are characterized by the pr…
14 terms
Biology FM- Chapter 4 (Cell Structure) [Organelles and their functions]
Plasma membrane
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Nucleolus
Description: Phospholipid bilayer with embedded proteins... Func…
Description: Structure that contains chromosomes and is surro…
Description: Long threads of DNA that form a complex with pro…
Description: Site of genes for rRNA synthesis... Function: Synth…
Plasma membrane
Description: Phospholipid bilayer with embedded proteins... Func…
Nucleus
Description: Structure that contains chromosomes and is surro…
17 terms
Biology Unit 4 The Cell Organelles
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Vacuole
Vesicles
Contains the cells DNA, cell control center.
Space between the nucleus and the cell membrane contains the…
Membrane enclosed sac to store water, salts, proteins, carbs.
Moves materials between organelles, and to the outside of the…
Nucleus
Contains the cells DNA, cell control center.
Cytoplasm
Space between the nucleus and the cell membrane contains the…
Biology chapter 4 (organelles)
Nucleus
Nuclear membrane/envolope
Nucleolus
Chromosome
In the middle of the cell.... A membrane bound organelle which…
Surrounds the nucleus ... Has pores that provide passage for RNA
The dense inner core of the Nucleus ... Where DNA is concentrated
Inside the nucleus ... Structures in the nucleus made out of DN…
Nucleus
In the middle of the cell.... A membrane bound organelle which…
Nuclear membrane/envolope
Surrounds the nucleus ... Has pores that provide passage for RNA
28 terms
Biology Chapter 4 - Organelles and Organelle parts
Phospholipid bilayer
chromosme
nuclear envelope
nucleolous
a double layer of phospholipids that makes up the plasma and…
thread like structure of DNA wrapped and folded around histones
the double membrane that surrounds the nucleus of a eukaryoti…
the part of the eukaryotic nucleous where ribosomal RNA is sy…
Phospholipid bilayer
a double layer of phospholipids that makes up the plasma and…
chromosme
thread like structure of DNA wrapped and folded around histones
40 terms
Cell Biology - Organelles
CELL THEORY
MICROGRAPH
ORGANELLE
PLASMA MEMBRANE
(biology) the theory that cells form the fundamental structur…
A photograph taken through a microscope.
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
A selectively-permeable phospholipid bilayer forming the boun…
CELL THEORY
(biology) the theory that cells form the fundamental structur…
MICROGRAPH
A photograph taken through a microscope.
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