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Study sets matching "biology cells organelles chapter 4"

18 terms
Biology, Chapter 4 - Cell Organelles
Vacuole
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
In plant cells it stores waste products, nutrients, and water.
DNA is found here. RNA is also made here.
This produces ribosomes and is inside the nucleus.
This contains the jelly-like cytosol and all the organelles f…
Vacuole
In plant cells it stores waste products, nutrients, and water.
Nucleus
DNA is found here. RNA is also made here.
40 terms
Biology Cell Organelles Chapter 4
nucleus
nucleolus
chromosomes
plasma membrane
large structure surrounded by a double membrane that is the c…
granular body within nucleus, consists of RNA and protein, si…
composed of a complex of DNA and protein called chromatin, vi…
membrane boundary of cell, encloses cellular contents, regula…
nucleus
large structure surrounded by a double membrane that is the c…
nucleolus
granular body within nucleus, consists of RNA and protein, si…
14 terms
Biology - Chapter 4: Cell Organelle
Nucleus
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Mitochondria
BOTH... -Information and administrative center of the cell... -Regu…
BOTH... -Ribosomes embedded in the membrane... -Ribosomes produce p…
BOTH... -Enzymes assisting making of lipids and final processing…
BOTH... -The site of CELLULAR RESPIRATION in plants and animals…
Nucleus
BOTH... -Information and administrative center of the cell... -Regu…
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
BOTH... -Ribosomes embedded in the membrane... -Ribosomes produce p…
41 terms
Cell Organelles (Biology Chapter 4)
Cell Theory
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Nucleus
All living things are made of cells and all cells come from p…
Bacteria, Archaea: without nucleus or endo-membrane system
Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists: with nucleus and endo-membr…
Center of endo-membrane system, has double bilayer envelope,…
Cell Theory
All living things are made of cells and all cells come from p…
Prokaryotes
Bacteria, Archaea: without nucleus or endo-membrane system
Biology: Chapter 4: Cells: Other Organelles
nucleus
Chromatin
Nucleolus
Mitochondria
Brain of cell/controls all cell activities. Cell division.
DNA spread out in nucleus
Dark spot. Makes ribosomes
-cellular respiration (plants & animals)... -"powerhouse" of c…
nucleus
Brain of cell/controls all cell activities. Cell division.
Chromatin
DNA spread out in nucleus
31 terms
Cell Biology: Chapter 4- Cells and Organelles
What are the Three domains of organisms?
Similarities between archaea and bacte…
Examples of Bacteria and Archaea
What are the Three Limitations on Cell…
-Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya (plants, animals, fungi, algae, p…
-Bacteria and Archaea are similar in terms of cell size (1-5…
-Bacteria: Streptococcus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas... -Arch…
1.Need for Adequate Surface Area/Volume ratio... 2.Rates at whic…
What are the Three domains of organisms?
-Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya (plants, animals, fungi, algae, p…
Similarities between archaea and bacte…
-Bacteria and Archaea are similar in terms of cell size (1-5…
71 terms
Biology Chapter 4 : Cell Structure, Function, and Organelles
Cell
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Cell Theory
basic unit of life; smallest unit of life that can carry on a…
studied nature with early light microscope- looked at thin sl…
made simple and tiny microscopes, but made lenses 10X the mag…
1) all living organism have one or more cell... 2) cells are the…
Cell
basic unit of life; smallest unit of life that can carry on a…
Robert Hooke
studied nature with early light microscope- looked at thin sl…
48 terms
Chapter 4: Cells & Organelles
What are the parts of a prokaryotic ce…
What are the parts of a eukaryotic ani…
What are NOT in animal cells?
What are the parts of a eukaryotic pla…
1. Nucleoid... 2. Ribosomes... 3. Plasma Membrane... 4. Cell Wall... 5. C…
1. Nucleus (Chromatin, Nucleolus, Nuclear Envelope)... 2. Endopl…
1. Chloroplasts... 2. Central Vacuole and Tonoplast... 3. Cell Wall…
1. Nucleus (Chromatin, Nucleolus, Nuclear Envelope)... 2. Endopl…
What are the parts of a prokaryotic ce…
1. Nucleoid... 2. Ribosomes... 3. Plasma Membrane... 4. Cell Wall... 5. C…
What are the parts of a eukaryotic ani…
1. Nucleus (Chromatin, Nucleolus, Nuclear Envelope)... 2. Endopl…
biology chapter 4 animal cell organelles
nucleus
nucleolus
rough er
smooth er
stores DNA and RNA
produces RNA
makes protiens
makes lipids
nucleus
stores DNA and RNA
nucleolus
produces RNA
19 terms
Biology: Cells, Chapter 4 Organelles Quiz
structure that makes ribosomes
genetic information within cell division
structure around nucleus
enzymes contian a large # of ________…
Nucleolus
chromatin
nuclear envolope
ribosomes
structure that makes ribosomes
Nucleolus
genetic information within cell division
chromatin
42 terms
Chapter 4 Vocab: Cell Organelles
plasma membrane
chromosomes
ribosomes
cytoplasm
flexible boundary between the cell and its surroundings
carry genes of DNA
make protein from instructions of genes
cell interior (fluid)
plasma membrane
flexible boundary between the cell and its surroundings
chromosomes
carry genes of DNA
12 terms
Chapter 4-Cells and Organelles
Limitations on Cell (*)... Why are cells…
Diffusion Rate (*)... Diffusion:
many eukaryotic cells may be able to b…
Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya (*)... Eu…
...
The rate of diffusion decreases as the size of the molecule i…
a) carrier proteins... b) cytoplasmic streaming ... c) vesicles
membrane bounded nuleus... -Nucleus includes the Nucleolus :…
Limitations on Cell (*)... Why are cells…
...
Diffusion Rate (*)... Diffusion:
The rate of diffusion decreases as the size of the molecule i…
17 terms
biology chapter 4b cell organelles
contractile vacuole
centriole
cilia and flagella
mitochondria
structure: membranous; single membrane container ... function: e…
structure: two clusters of nine microtubules ... function: is as…
structure: non membranous prokaryotes composed of a single ty…
structure: membranous; double membranous organelle: large mem…
contractile vacuole
structure: membranous; single membrane container ... function: e…
centriole
structure: two clusters of nine microtubules ... function: is as…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 4.3 Organelles of the Cell
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Mitochondria
Ribosomes
allows materials to pass in or out of the cell and provieds p…
provieds shape to the cell, allows organelles to be held in p…
sites where chemical reactions occur that produce ATP for the…
synthesizes protiens in the cell
Cell Membrane
allows materials to pass in or out of the cell and provieds p…
Cytoplasm
provieds shape to the cell, allows organelles to be held in p…
Biology Chapter 4 : Cell Structure, Function, and Organelles
Cell
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Cell Theory
basic unit of life; smallest unit of life that can carry on a…
studied nature with early light microscope- looked at thin sl…
made simple and tiny microscopes, but made lenses 10X the mag…
1) all living organism have one or more cell... 2) cells are the…
Cell
basic unit of life; smallest unit of life that can carry on a…
Robert Hooke
studied nature with early light microscope- looked at thin sl…
12 terms
Cell assembly organelles(biology chapter 4)
The space inside of a cell is the..
What is the gel-like fluid inside of t…
Where can the organelles be found in a…
What organelle is covered in ribosomes?
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Eukaryotes and prokaryotes
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
The space inside of a cell is the..
Cytoplasm
What is the gel-like fluid inside of t…
Cytosol
58 terms
Chapter 4: Cells and organelles
average bacterial cell
average animal cell
components of all cells (3)
ribosomes are an organelle. (true/false)
1-5 um
10-100 um
ribosomes, plasma membrane, genetic information
(very) false
average bacterial cell
1-5 um
average animal cell
10-100 um
29 terms
Biology chapter 4 section 2 cell organelles
organelles
cell wall
centrioles
nucleus
"little organs", specialized structures in the cytoplasm
all plant cells have this cellulose structure around their ce…
these are found in animal cells, they contain microtubles tha…
this is the control center of the cell. it is the cells large…
organelles
"little organs", specialized structures in the cytoplasm
cell wall
all plant cells have this cellulose structure around their ce…
45 terms
Chapter 4 - Cells and Organelles
Prokaryotes
archaea
Taq polymerase
Steps of PCR
-bacteria ... -eubacteria - true -blue green algae, also calle…
-ancient ... -can withstand extreme environments bc they have di…
-an example of why archaea are so important ... - The polymeras…
The steps of PCR... - The key ingredients of a PCR reaction are…
Prokaryotes
-bacteria ... -eubacteria - true -blue green algae, also calle…
archaea
-ancient ... -can withstand extreme environments bc they have di…
Organelles in the cell- Bio chapter 4
Plasma Membrane
cell wall
cytoplasm
ribosomes
A selectively-permeable phospholipid bilayer forming the boun…
found in plant cell ... gives structure, made from celluose
found in plant and animal and prokarotic cells ... fills up cell…
found in all cells ... makes proteins ... Cytoplasmic organelles at…
Plasma Membrane
A selectively-permeable phospholipid bilayer forming the boun…
cell wall
found in plant cell ... gives structure, made from celluose
48 terms
Chapter 4: Cell Structure and Organelles
Cell Theory
Why the size of the cells matters
4 Components of a Cell
History of the discovery of cells
1. All living things are made of cells... 2. All cells come from…
smaller cells more effectively transport nutrients and wastes…
1. Plasma membrane- outer boundary of a cell... 2. Nucleus- brai…
Robert Hooke discovered cells when observing cork through a m…
Cell Theory
1. All living things are made of cells... 2. All cells come from…
Why the size of the cells matters
smaller cells more effectively transport nutrients and wastes…
59 terms
Chapter 4: Cells and Organelles
eukaryotes
Prokaryotes
methanogens
halophiles
have a genetic material inside a membrane-bound nucleus; plan…
genetic material is loose inside of teh cell; includes regula…
make methane gas
very salt tolerant
eukaryotes
have a genetic material inside a membrane-bound nucleus; plan…
Prokaryotes
genetic material is loose inside of teh cell; includes regula…
33 terms
chapter 4 cell organelles
cell
tissue
cell theory
plasma membrane
basic unit of life
group of cells that carry out a specific function
all living things are made of cells
regulates what enters and leaves a cell
cell
basic unit of life
tissue
group of cells that carry out a specific function
27 terms
Cell Organelles - Chapter 4
plasma membrane
cytoskeleton
microtubules
intermediate filaments
the outer surface that controls the entrance and exit of the…
protein fibers that help the vesicles move around; it also he…
(protein cylinders) parts of the cytoskeleton that help the o…
(protein fibers) parts of the cytoskeleton that help maintain…
plasma membrane
the outer surface that controls the entrance and exit of the…
cytoskeleton
protein fibers that help the vesicles move around; it also he…
17 terms
Biology Chapter 4: Cell Parts and Organelles
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Nuclear Membrane
Found in plants/fungi/bacteria; outer layer. It is rigid, str…
Found in all cells; a double layer of phospholipids with prot…
Found in eukaryotes; large and oval shaped, contains one or m…
Found in eukaryotes; surrounds nucleus. It is a selectively p…
Cell Wall
Found in plants/fungi/bacteria; outer layer. It is rigid, str…
Cell Membrane
Found in all cells; a double layer of phospholipids with prot…
11 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Organelles
Mitochondrion
Ribosome
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
Golgi Apparatus
transfers energy from organic componds to ATP
organizes the synthesis of proteins
prepares proteins for export synthesizes steroids, regulates…
processes and packages substances produced by the cell
Mitochondrion
transfers energy from organic componds to ATP
Ribosome
organizes the synthesis of proteins
26 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Cell Organelles
Vacuoles
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
Store waste products, nutrients, and water. In plant cells it…
DNA is found in the nucleus, RNA is also made here; surrounde…
This produces ribosomes; found in the nucleus
Part of the cell that is outside the nucleus; contains organe…
Vacuoles
Store waste products, nutrients, and water. In plant cells it…
Nucleus
DNA is found in the nucleus, RNA is also made here; surrounde…
27 terms
cell bio chapter 4 Organelles
cell wall
plasma membrane
nucleus
cytoplasm
found only in plants; made of cellulose; functions in support…
found in both plant/animal cells; inside plant cell wall; out…
found in both plant/animal cells; membrane‐bound organelle in…
interior of the cell (area/region)
cell wall
found only in plants; made of cellulose; functions in support…
plasma membrane
found in both plant/animal cells; inside plant cell wall; out…
9 terms
Chapter 4: Cells and Organelles
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Factors limiting cell size
Surface area importance
Bacteria and archae
Animals, plants, fungi, algae, and protozoa (true membrane)
1. Requirement for an adequate surface area/volume ratio... 2. t…
That is where needful exchanges between a cell and it's envir…
Prokaryotes
Bacteria and archae
Eukaryotes
Animals, plants, fungi, algae, and protozoa (true membrane)
Chapter 4 Organelles and Functions of Cells
Phospholipids
Plastids
Microfilament
Nuclear envelope
A double layer of phospholipids that makes up the plasma memb…
Organelles of a plant cell that are surrounded by a double me…
Long threads made of actin that contributes to cell movement.
Double membrane that surrounds the nucleus of a cell.
Phospholipids
A double layer of phospholipids that makes up the plasma memb…
Plastids
Organelles of a plant cell that are surrounded by a double me…
11 terms
Cell organelles chapter 4 REVIEW
Cell membrain
Mitochondria
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Ribosomes
Fluid mosaic model that covers every cell, and is selectively…
Powerhouse
transport passageways
synthesis proteins
Cell membrain
Fluid mosaic model that covers every cell, and is selectively…
Mitochondria
Powerhouse
22 terms
Chapter 4 - Cell Organelles
Flagellum
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
tail like structure that helps the cell move.
Supports and protects the plant cell. Made of celluose. Like…
Found in plant and animal cells. In plants found just behind…
Brain of the cell. Holds genetic material.
Flagellum
tail like structure that helps the cell move.
Cell Wall
Supports and protects the plant cell. Made of celluose. Like…
20 terms
Chapter 4 Cell Organelles
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope (membrane)
Nucleolus
Chromosome
Only Eurkarotyes stores hereditary material and DNA coordinat…
The nucleus is surrounded by a double membrane
Is the site where DNA is concentrated when it is in the proce…
When a cell is about to divide, the chromatin to form.... They a…
Nucleus
Only Eurkarotyes stores hereditary material and DNA coordinat…
Nuclear Envelope (membrane)
The nucleus is surrounded by a double membrane
18 terms
Cell organelles chapter 4
rough ER
vesicle
mitochondrion
lysosome
System of internal membranes covered with ribosomes that coll…
Small membrane bound sac that transports substances in cells;…
Cell organelle that is the site of cellular respiration; harv…
Organelles that contain cell's digestive enzymes; recycles wo…
rough ER
System of internal membranes covered with ribosomes that coll…
vesicle
Small membrane bound sac that transports substances in cells;…
28 terms
Biology Chapter 4 - Organelles and Organelle parts
Phospholipid bilayer
chromosme
nuclear envelope
nucleolous
a double layer of phospholipids that makes up the plasma and…
thread like structure of DNA wrapped and folded around histones
the double membrane that surrounds the nucleus of a eukaryoti…
the part of the eukaryotic nucleous where ribosomal RNA is sy…
Phospholipid bilayer
a double layer of phospholipids that makes up the plasma and…
chromosme
thread like structure of DNA wrapped and folded around histones
17 terms
Chapter 4: Cell Organelles
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
Rough ER
Smooth ER
Golgi Apparatus
Maze-like structure (interconnected network)
Covered with ribosomes... Function: modifies proteins
No ribosomes... Function: synthesizes lipides, breaks down toxin…
Flate, curved disks... Function: Further modifies, sorts, packag…
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
Maze-like structure (interconnected network)
Rough ER
Covered with ribosomes... Function: modifies proteins
23 terms
Chapter 4: Cell Organelles
nucleus
Golgi apparatus, lysosomes, vacuoles,…
mitochondria
chloroplasts
carry out the genetic control of the cell (eukaryotic cell)
organelles involved in manufacture, distribution, and breakdo…
function in energy processing (all cells)
function in energy processing (plant cells), where photosynth…
nucleus
carry out the genetic control of the cell (eukaryotic cell)
Golgi apparatus, lysosomes, vacuoles,…
organelles involved in manufacture, distribution, and breakdo…
8 terms
Chapter 4 cell organelles
Smooth ER
Mitochondria
Cytoskeleton
Centrioles
Has folds, makes lipids, and used for detoxification
Makes ATP, does aerobic respiration (breaks down food from gl…
Structural support, allows for movement (microtubules, microf…
Pull chromosomes apart
Smooth ER
Has folds, makes lipids, and used for detoxification
Mitochondria
Makes ATP, does aerobic respiration (breaks down food from gl…
136 terms
chapter 4: cells and organelles
bacteria cell size
nerve cell size
average bacteria cell size
average animal cell size
0.2-0.3
>1
1-5mircrometers
10-100 micrometers
bacteria cell size
0.2-0.3
nerve cell size
>1
20 terms
Chapter 4 cell organelles
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope (membrane)
Nucleolus
Chromosome
The central region of an atom that contains protons and neutr…
The nucleus is surrounded by a double membrane
Is the site where DNA is concentrated when it is in the proce…
They are structures in the nucleus made of DNA and protein
Nucleus
The central region of an atom that contains protons and neutr…
Nuclear Envelope (membrane)
The nucleus is surrounded by a double membrane
15 terms
Cell organelles and features Chapter 4:3
phospholipid bilayer
chromosome
nucleus
nucleolus
Plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
Any of the usually linear bodies in the cell nucleus that con…
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
Found inside the nucleus and produces ribosomes
phospholipid bilayer
Plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
chromosome
Any of the usually linear bodies in the cell nucleus that con…
31 terms
Biology 1H: Chapter 4 or 6 - Cell Organelles
Cellular Organization
The History of the Cell
Microscopes and Cells
1600's
1. Cell... 2. Tissue- group of cells functioning together.... 3. Or…
-The Cell... -The basic unit of an organism... -Discovery made po…
Microscopes and Cells
Anton van Leeuwenhoek first described living cells as seen th…
Cellular Organization
1. Cell... 2. Tissue- group of cells functioning together.... 3. Or…
The History of the Cell
-The Cell... -The basic unit of an organism... -Discovery made po…
14 terms
Chapter 4-Cell Organelles
What are all living things made up of
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Cells
Determines what goes in and out of the cell; protects and sup…
Holds and supports organelles
Directs cell activities
What are all living things made up of
Cells
Cell membrane
Determines what goes in and out of the cell; protects and sup…
27 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Organelles
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Organelle
Cell Wall
Semifluid substance enclosed by a cell's plasma membrane.
Contains DNA, and has a separate membrane.
Mini organs in a cell
Rigid by permeable structure that surrounds the plasma membra…
Cytoplasm
Semifluid substance enclosed by a cell's plasma membrane.
Nucleus
Contains DNA, and has a separate membrane.
29 terms
Chapter 4 (Cells and Organelles)
Endomembrane System
Turgor Pressure
Ribosome Production
Support and Flexibility
Endoplasmic Reticulum, Golgi apparatus, lysosome and Secretor…
Central vacuole
Nucleolus
Extracellular Matrix
Endomembrane System
Endoplasmic Reticulum, Golgi apparatus, lysosome and Secretor…
Turgor Pressure
Central vacuole
14 terms
Biology - Chapter 4 (Organelles)
Nucleus
Rough ER
Smooth ER
Golgi Apparatus
DNA replication, RNA synthesis; assembly of ribosomal subunit…
Synthesis of membrane lipids and proteins, secretory proteins…
Lipid synthesis; detoxification in liver cells; calcium ion s…
Modification and sorting of macromolecules; formation of lyso…
Nucleus
DNA replication, RNA synthesis; assembly of ribosomal subunit…
Rough ER
Synthesis of membrane lipids and proteins, secretory proteins…
26 terms
Chapter 4 cells and organelles
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Nucleus
Nuclear membrane
Separtes cell from its environment. Controls what enters and…
A rigid layer that lies outside the cells plasma membrane. He…
Controls/ directs all cell activities
Surrounds nucleus and separates the nucleus from cytoplasm. D…
Cell membrane
Separtes cell from its environment. Controls what enters and…
Cell wall
A rigid layer that lies outside the cells plasma membrane. He…
29 terms
Cell Biology: Chapter 4 (Semiautonomous Organelles; Protein Sorting)
Semiautonomous organelle
cristae
mitochondrial matrix
function of mitochondria
Grow and divide, but they are not completely autonomous becau…
highly invaginated to form projections; increase the surface…
compartment enclosed by the inner membrane in mitochondria
Make ATP... synthesis, modification, and breakdown of several ty…
Semiautonomous organelle
Grow and divide, but they are not completely autonomous becau…
cristae
highly invaginated to form projections; increase the surface…
25 terms
Chapter 4 Cell and Organelles
Endomembrane system
As cell increases in size, its volume…
Nucleoid
Plasma membrane
Er, nuclear envelope, golgi, lysosome, vacuoles and cell plas…
proportionately more
DNA is an unbound region in Prokaryotic cells.
Selective barrier that allows passage of oxygen, nutrients, a…
Endomembrane system
Er, nuclear envelope, golgi, lysosome, vacuoles and cell plas…
As cell increases in size, its volume…
proportionately more
34 terms
BIOLOGY chapter 4 (organelles)
smooth ER
ribosome
nucleus
lysosome
Lipids manufactured here
small structure that makes protein
contains chromatin
sac of digestive enzymes
smooth ER
Lipids manufactured here
ribosome
small structure that makes protein
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