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Study sets matching "biology cells structure chapter 5 science"

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Study sets matching "biology cells structure chapter 5 science"

56 terms
Biology Chapter 5: Cell Structure and Function
Cell
Cell Theory
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leewenhoek
smallest unit of matter that can carry on the processes of life
all living things are composed of one or more cells, cells ar…
English scientist, mid-1600's, first to discover and name the…
Dutch scientist, mid-1600's, created the first microscope, di…
Cell
smallest unit of matter that can carry on the processes of life
Cell Theory
all living things are composed of one or more cells, cells ar…
43 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5 - Cell Structure
Selective Permeability
Aquaporin
Amphipathic
Transport Proteins
A property that allows some substances to pass a membrane mor…
Protein that allows water molecules to pass through a cell me…
A molecule with both a hydrophobic and hydrophilic region
Type of protein that acts as a passage or channel for things…
Selective Permeability
A property that allows some substances to pass a membrane mor…
Aquaporin
Protein that allows water molecules to pass through a cell me…
35 terms
Biology: Chapter 5 (Cell Membrane Structure & Function)
cell membrane
plasma membrane (function)
fluid mosaic model
4 general types of plasma membrane pro…
surround both cells and organelles, composed of phospholipid…
1. isolate cell cytoplasm from external environment... 2. regula…
developed in 1972 to explain the structure of cell membranes
1. recognition protein (cell surface markers)... 2. receptor pro…
cell membrane
surround both cells and organelles, composed of phospholipid…
plasma membrane (function)
1. isolate cell cytoplasm from external environment... 2. regula…
14 terms
Chapter 5 Cell Structure and Function
chloroplast
cytoplasm
diffusion
nucleus
an organelle that makes food from sunlight, water, and carbon…
the gel-like material that surrounds the internal parts of th…
process that spreads substances through a gas or liquid from…
a part of a cell that directs all cell activities and carries…
chloroplast
an organelle that makes food from sunlight, water, and carbon…
cytoplasm
the gel-like material that surrounds the internal parts of th…
31 terms
Biology Chapter 5-Cell Structure and Functions
Cell
Cell Theory
Chromosone
Cytoplasm
basic unit of structure and function
understand that all living things are composed of cells and t…
threadlike structure in a cell that contains the genetic info…
area between the nucleus and cell membrane of a cell
Cell
basic unit of structure and function
Cell Theory
understand that all living things are composed of cells and t…
25 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5- Cell Membrane Structure & Function
Selective Permeability
phospholipid bilayer
Integral Proteins
Peripheral Proteins
Allows some substances to cross more easily than others
a double layer of phospholipids that makes up plasma membranes
Proteins that extend through the phospholipid bilayer.
A protein loosely attached to the surface of a membrane
Selective Permeability
Allows some substances to cross more easily than others
phospholipid bilayer
a double layer of phospholipids that makes up plasma membranes
39 terms
Biology Chapter 5- Cell Membrane Structure and Function
active transport
carrier protein
cell wall
channel protein
the movement of materials across a membrane through the use o…
a membrane protein that facilitates the diffusion of specific…
a layer of material, normally made up of cellulose or cellulo…
a membrane protein that forms a channel or pore completely th…
active transport
the movement of materials across a membrane through the use o…
carrier protein
a membrane protein that facilitates the diffusion of specific…
Biology Chapter 5- Cell Membrane Structure and Function
active transport
carrier protein
cell wall
channel protein
the movement of materials across a membrane through the use o…
a membrane protein that facilitates the diffusion of specific…
a layer of material, normally made up of cellulose or cellulo…
a membrane protein that forms a channel or pore completely th…
active transport
the movement of materials across a membrane through the use o…
carrier protein
a membrane protein that facilitates the diffusion of specific…
Chapter 5 Cell Structure and Function
Cell Membrane
Passive Transport
Diffusion
Equilibrium
is a double layered structure that surrounds the cell. It is…
the passage of material through cell membrane without the use…
movement of molecules or ions from an area of high concentrat…
particles become evenly distributed
Cell Membrane
is a double layered structure that surrounds the cell. It is…
Passive Transport
the passage of material through cell membrane without the use…
Chapter 5 Cell Structure and Function
Cell Membrane
Passive Transport
Diffusion
Equilibrium
is a double layered structure that surrounds the cell. It is…
the passage of material through cell membrane without the use…
movement of molecules or ions from an area of high concentrat…
particles become evenly distributed
Cell Membrane
is a double layered structure that surrounds the cell. It is…
Passive Transport
the passage of material through cell membrane without the use…
53 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5- Cell Membrane Structure & Function
Selective Permeability
phospholipid bilayer
Integral Proteins
Peripheral Proteins
Allows some substances to cross more easily than others
a double layer of phospholipids that makes up plasma membranes
Proteins that extend through the phospholipid bilayer.
A protein loosely attached to the surface of a membrane
Selective Permeability
Allows some substances to cross more easily than others
phospholipid bilayer
a double layer of phospholipids that makes up plasma membranes
66 terms
Biology- Chapter 5 (Cell Membrane Structure and Function)
-isolates cell contents from external…
membranes
Singer and Nicolson
membranes
What are the functions of the plasma membrane?
"fluid mosaics" in which proteins move within layers of lipids
The "fluid mosaic" model of a membrane was proposed in 1972 b…
"mosaics" or "a patchwork" of different proteins; selectively…
-isolates cell contents from external…
What are the functions of the plasma membrane?
membranes
"fluid mosaics" in which proteins move within layers of lipids
97 terms
Mader Cell Biology Chapter 5: MembraneStructure and Function Troy University
a key feature of cells
Membranes
phospholipid bilayer, protein molecules
Cholesterol
The ability to create compartments
_________, made of a phospholipid bilayer, create separation…
In addition to the __________, membrane components include___…
_______is another lipid found in the animal plasma membrane;…
a key feature of cells
The ability to create compartments
Membranes
_________, made of a phospholipid bilayer, create separation…
39 terms
Chapter 5 cells and cell structure
cells
all things are composed of cells ... cell…
unicellular organisims
multicellular organsim
the invention of the microscope led to the discovery that thi…
What is the cell theory?
consist of a single cell that must be able to carry out all f…
have a division of labor among cells, so that each does not h…
cells
the invention of the microscope led to the discovery that thi…
all things are composed of cells ... cell…
What is the cell theory?
Biology: Chapter 5: Cell Membrane structure and function
Osmosis moves water from a region of…
The urinary bladder is protected from…
In biological membranes, the phospholi…
Specialized cell junctions include all…
Low concentration of water to a high concentration of water.
Tight junctions
bilayer, with fatty acids facing outward.
Phospholipases
Osmosis moves water from a region of…
Low concentration of water to a high concentration of water.
The urinary bladder is protected from…
Tight junctions
Chapter 5 Biology:Membrane and Cell structures
In 1925, it was proposed that cells co…
Polar heads face? and are?
non polar heads are directed to? and a…
In the 1940s scientists suggest that w…
Phospholipids
Outward, hydrophilic
inward, hydrophobic
proteins
In 1925, it was proposed that cells co…
Phospholipids
Polar heads face? and are?
Outward, hydrophilic
116 terms
Chapter 5: Cell Structure and Function
Magnification of a light microscope is…
Magnification of an electron microscop…
Conversions to know
Magnification
~1500x... 0.2 μm
~250,000x... 0.2 nm
1 mm = 1x10^-3 m (human hair)... 1 μm = 1x10^-6 m (mitochondria)…
how big
Magnification of a light microscope is…
~1500x... 0.2 μm
Magnification of an electron microscop…
~250,000x... 0.2 nm
30 terms
Chapter 5 Science Test- Cell Structure and Function
Cell
Cell Theory
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
The basic unit for all life
The observations and conclusions of the scientists Robert Hoo…
Regulates what enters and leaves the cell, and aids in the pr…
Surrounds the cell membrane in plant, algae, and some bacteri…
Cell
The basic unit for all life
Cell Theory
The observations and conclusions of the scientists Robert Hoo…
58 terms
Cell Structure Chapter 5
Acetyl CoA
Active site
Aerobes
Anaerobes
A metabolic intermediate produced through catabolism of many…
The part of an enzyme molecule that is directly involved in b…
Organisms dependent on the presence of oxygen to metabolize e…
Organisms that utilize energy-rich compounds through oxygen-i…
Acetyl CoA
A metabolic intermediate produced through catabolism of many…
Active site
The part of an enzyme molecule that is directly involved in b…
40 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 5
Tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle
TCA Cycle known as what other name and…
First step of TCA cycle
Which four reactions occur during the…
CoA is fed into a cyclic pathway called the TCA cycle, where…
Krebs cycle, founded by British biochemist Hans Krebs, who wo…
Condensation of the two-carbon acetyl group with a four-carbo…
Three of the reactions reduce NAD+ to NADH, and one reaction…
Tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle
CoA is fed into a cyclic pathway called the TCA cycle, where…
TCA Cycle known as what other name and…
Krebs cycle, founded by British biochemist Hans Krebs, who wo…
39 terms
Biology I: Cell Membrane Structure & Function (Chapter 5)
capsaicin
capsaicin
plasma membrane
carbohydrate chains
this binds to a protein in the plasma membrane of pain recept…
when this is bound, these receptors open and calcium ions mov…
this is common to all cells; separates internal cytoplasm fro…
these contribute to cells "fingerprint"; the two "Gs" play a…
capsaicin
this binds to a protein in the plasma membrane of pain recept…
capsaicin
when this is bound, these receptors open and calcium ions mov…
24 terms
Chapter 5 - cell structure
Types of passive transport
Types of Active Transort
Types of Vesicle Transport
Types of Endocytosis
Diffusion, Osmosis, Facilitated Diffusion
Molecular Transport, Vesicle Transport
Endocytosis & Exocytosis
Phagocytosis & Pinocytosis
Types of passive transport
Diffusion, Osmosis, Facilitated Diffusion
Types of Active Transort
Molecular Transport, Vesicle Transport
11 terms
Mastering Biology Chapter 5 : Cell Membrane Structure & Function
Where can the phosphate portion of the…
Thermus aquaticus is a species of arch…
What is the word for membrane proteins…
What simple property causes molecules…
on the surface, facing the outside liquid or the cytoplasm in…
phospholipids with saturated fatty acid tails
Glycoprotein
random motion of molecules
Where can the phosphate portion of the…
on the surface, facing the outside liquid or the cytoplasm in…
Thermus aquaticus is a species of arch…
phospholipids with saturated fatty acid tails
54 terms
Chapter 5: Cell Structure
Amino Acid
ATP
DNA
RNA
Contains an amino and carboxyl group
"energy currency" of the cell
Contains a deoxyribose sugar and a base
Contains a ribose sugar and a base
Amino Acid
Contains an amino and carboxyl group
ATP
"energy currency" of the cell
28 terms
Chapter 5: Cells and Cell Structure
Three Major component of cell theory
Cell Characteristic
Membranes
Plasma membrane
All living things are composed of cells, functional unit of l…
1) membrane 2)Genetic material/hereditary information 3) Chem…
separate them from the outside world.
helps to control what gets into and out of the cell.
Three Major component of cell theory
All living things are composed of cells, functional unit of l…
Cell Characteristic
1) membrane 2)Genetic material/hereditary information 3) Chem…
22 terms
Chapter 5: Eukaryotic Cell Structure
Cell envelope
Plasma membrane
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
many lack a cell wall
lipid bilayer (sphingolipids, cholesterol), Fluid mosaic model
contains ribosomes, protein sythesis
no ribosomes, lipid sythesis
Cell envelope
many lack a cell wall
Plasma membrane
lipid bilayer (sphingolipids, cholesterol), Fluid mosaic model
Chapter 5 ( Basic Structure of Cells )
Plasma Membrane
Microvilli
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Encloses the cell and regulates what moves in and out of it
Increase surface area for absorption
The command center of the cell that contains the chromosomes…
Makes ribosomes ... -Primarily RNA,DNA, and protien
Plasma Membrane
Encloses the cell and regulates what moves in and out of it
Microvilli
Increase surface area for absorption
31 terms
Chapter 5: Cell Structure
composite cell
Cells
CELL STRUCTURE
Plasma membrane
All cells that have the same chemical makeup but are differen…
Discovered by robert hooke in plant tissue.... Cells ar 60% wate…
CELL STRUCTURE
separates cell from its surrounding environment
composite cell
All cells that have the same chemical makeup but are differen…
Cells
Discovered by robert hooke in plant tissue.... Cells ar 60% wate…
40 terms
Cell Structure - Chapter 5
surface area-to-volume ratio
resolution
light microscope
bright-field microscopy
as an object increases in volume, its surface area also incre…
minimum distance two objects can be apart and still be seen a…
uses radiation to visualize living cells
light passes directly through cells; little contrast and non…
surface area-to-volume ratio
as an object increases in volume, its surface area also incre…
resolution
minimum distance two objects can be apart and still be seen a…
18 terms
Chapter 5: The cell structure
Cell wall
Cell membrane
Structure of the cell membrane
Functions of proteins in fluid mosaic…
1. Found in plant cells ... 2. Located outside the cell membrane…
1. Selectively permeable ... 2. Plant and animal cells... 3. Mainta…
Fluid mosaic model:... 2 proteins 1 protein molecule 2 lipid lay…
Some proteins are receptors... Some proteins are enzymes... Some ar…
Cell wall
1. Found in plant cells ... 2. Located outside the cell membrane…
Cell membrane
1. Selectively permeable ... 2. Plant and animal cells... 3. Mainta…
97 terms
Mader Cell Biology Chapter 5: MembraneStructure and Function Troy University
a key feature of cells
Membranes
phospholipid bilayer, protein molecules
Cholesterol
The ability to create compartments
_________, made of a phospholipid bilayer, create separation…
In addition to the __________, membrane components include___…
_______is another lipid found in the animal plasma membrane;…
a key feature of cells
The ability to create compartments
Membranes
_________, made of a phospholipid bilayer, create separation…
16 terms
Chapter 5 Cell Structure
Prokaryotes
plasma membrane (phospholipid bilayer)…
along plasma membrane
Nucleoid
Small, little to no membrane structure ... no organelles... evoluti…
Structure in prokaryotes
Where does metabolism occur in prokaryotes?
single, circular molecule of DNA; chromosome
Prokaryotes
Small, little to no membrane structure ... no organelles... evoluti…
plasma membrane (phospholipid bilayer)…
Structure in prokaryotes
27 terms
Biology: Chapter 5 - Cell Growth and Division
cell cycle
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides.
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
27 terms
Biology: Chapter 5 - Cell Growth and Division
cell cycle
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides.
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
38 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
genes
DNA
chromosomes
nucleotide
the information-containing... elements that determine the charac…
two long polynucleotide... chains, each composed of four types o…
a sugar-phosphate covalently linked to a base(adenine, cytoci…
genes
the information-containing... elements that determine the charac…
DNA
two long polynucleotide... chains, each composed of four types o…
33 terms
Biology- Chapter 7- Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
34 terms
Biology (Science 1): Chapter 3 - Cell Structure and Function
Cell Theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
Cell Theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
48 terms
Cell Structure Chapter 5
What are the three features of microsc…
What is magnification?
What is resolution?
What is contrast?
magnification, resolution, contrast
the ratio of the size of image seen in relation to its actual…
the measure of clarity, and the focus which depends on the wa…
making things stand out
What are the three features of microsc…
magnification, resolution, contrast
What is magnification?
the ratio of the size of image seen in relation to its actual…
35 terms
Science - Biology Cell Structure
Jelly-like substance *nickname
Control Center * nickname
Gate of the Cell *nickname
Powerhouse of the Cell * nickname
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Cell Membrane
Mitochondria
Jelly-like substance *nickname
Cytoplasm
Control Center * nickname
Nucleus
37 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Cells
Robert Hooke
Von Leewenhoek
Matthias Schleiden
Theodor Schwann
Scientist who was first person to give a name to what he saw…
First person to see cells through a microscope which he made…
Contributor to the cell theory who concluded all plants were…
Contributor to the cell theory who concluded all animals were…
Robert Hooke
Scientist who was first person to give a name to what he saw…
Von Leewenhoek
First person to see cells through a microscope which he made…
27 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 5 Cell Growth and Division
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosome
The regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell divi…
The division of the cell nucleus and its contents. During mit…
The process that divides the cell cytoplasm.
One long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous…
Cell Cycle
The regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell divi…
Mitosis
The division of the cell nucleus and its contents. During mit…
26 terms
Science - Chapter 5 cell division
mitosis
interphase
prophase
metaphase
Process in which the nucleus divides to form two identical nu…
Period of cell growth and development. Cell's chromosomes dup…
Chromatid pairs are visible and centrioles begin to form spin…
Chromatid pairs line up in the middle of the cell.
mitosis
Process in which the nucleus divides to form two identical nu…
interphase
Period of cell growth and development. Cell's chromosomes dup…
45 terms
SMCC MicroBiology: Chapter 5 Eukaryotic Cell Structure
What are the two broad categories of m…
Fungus: Do they photosynthesize?
Do they have cell walls?
Describe their mode of ingesting nutri…
Fungus and protists
No
Yes
Digestive juices are released on the organism and then digest…
What are the two broad categories of m…
Fungus and protists
Fungus: Do they photosynthesize?
No
27 terms
Biology: Chapter 5 - Cell Growth and Division
cell cycle
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides.
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
27 terms
Biology: Chapter 5 - Cell Growth and Division
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosome
The regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell divi…
The division of the cells nucleus and its contents.... Highly re…
Division of the cytoplasm. Last stage of cell cycle. ... Results…
A long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous ge…
Cell Cycle
The regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell divi…
Mitosis
The division of the cells nucleus and its contents.... Highly re…
11 terms
Mastering Biology Chapter 5 : Cell Membrane Structure & Function
Where can the phosphate portion of the…
Thermus aquaticus is a species of arch…
What is the word for membrane proteins…
What simple property causes molecules…
on the surface, facing the outside liquid or the cytoplasm in…
phospholipids with saturated fatty acid tails
Glycoprotein
random motion of molecules
Where can the phosphate portion of the…
on the surface, facing the outside liquid or the cytoplasm in…
Thermus aquaticus is a species of arch…
phospholipids with saturated fatty acid tails
32 terms
Enrichment Plus Chapter 5 Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
compound light microscope
electron microscope
smallest unit of life
all living organisms are composed of units called cells, cell…
microscope with two lens that focus light and magnify an object
microscope with greater resolution than a light microscope be…
cell
smallest unit of life
cell theory
all living organisms are composed of units called cells, cell…
27 terms
Biology: CPS Chapter 5 - Cell Growth and Division
cell cycle
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides.
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
33 terms
Chapter 5: Cell Membrane & Structure Function
Semi-permeable Plasma Membrane
Fluid Mosaic
What kind of lipid are phospholipids?
What floats around gel-like fluid?
- allows inside to differ from outside regulating flow... - allo…
boundaries are defined by phospholipid bilayer
unsaturated
proteins
Semi-permeable Plasma Membrane
- allows inside to differ from outside regulating flow... - allo…
Fluid Mosaic
boundaries are defined by phospholipid bilayer
28 terms
Chapter 5 - Cell structure and organisation
Cell theory
Structure of a prokaryotic cell
Structure of an eukaryotic cell
Typical plant cell
All living things are composed of cells and cell products.... Ne…
E.g.: bacterium cell... Extremely small - typically 1 to 10 micr…
E.g.: Any animal, fungi, plant, or Protoctista cell... White blo…
Cell wall of cellulose present... Chloroplasts with chlorophyll…
Cell theory
All living things are composed of cells and cell products.... Ne…
Structure of a prokaryotic cell
E.g.: bacterium cell... Extremely small - typically 1 to 10 micr…
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