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Study sets matching "biology cells"

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Study sets matching "biology cells"

97 terms
Biology--"Cells"
Robert Hooke
Eukaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Organisms
first person to see a cell; named cells
have cell organelles and nucleus
no cell organelles (except ribosomes)... no nucleus... Has ribosome…
Bacteria
Robert Hooke
first person to see a cell; named cells
Eukaryotic Cells
have cell organelles and nucleus
24 terms
Biology - Cells
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Centriole
Cilia
Controls what enters and leaves the cell.
Rigid outer layer of a plant cell.
Made of micro tubules that function during cell division.
Numerous projections that look like hairs.
Cell Membrane
Controls what enters and leaves the cell.
Cell Wall
Rigid outer layer of a plant cell.
16 terms
Cell Biology
Cell
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoplasm
The basic unit of life. All organisms are made from it.
A semipermeable "skin" surrounding the cell and separating it…
A semi-rigid structure that surrounds plant cells.
The fluid portion of a cell's interior. The cells organelles…
Cell
The basic unit of life. All organisms are made from it.
Cell Membrane
A semipermeable "skin" surrounding the cell and separating it…
97 terms
Biology--"Cells"
Robert Hooke
Eukaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Organisms
first person to see a cell; named cells
have cell organelles and nucleus
no cell organelles (except ribosomes)... no nucleus... Has ribosome…
Bacteria
Robert Hooke
first person to see a cell; named cells
Eukaryotic Cells
have cell organelles and nucleus
51 terms
Cell Biology
Active Transport
Anaerobic respiration
Aerobic respiration
Catalyst
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
Respiration that does not require oxygen
Respiration that requires oxygen
A substance that speeds up a chemical reaction without being…
Active Transport
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
Anaerobic respiration
Respiration that does not require oxygen
18 terms
Biology (Cells)
two major types of cells in the human…
prokaryotic cells such as bacteria and…
eukaryotic cells such as protozoa, fun…
prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells both…
prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells
no nucleus, DNA is contained in the nucleoid, unicellular, as…
nucleus, DNA is contained in the nucleous, multicellar, can b…
cell walls, plasma membranes, cytoplasm, organelles, flagella…
two major types of cells in the human…
prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells
prokaryotic cells such as bacteria and…
no nucleus, DNA is contained in the nucleoid, unicellular, as…
13 terms
Cell Biology
Cell
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoplasm
The basic unit of life. All organisms are made from it.
A semipermeable "skin" surrounding the cell and separating it…
A semi-rigid structure that surrounds plant cells.
The fluid portion of a cell's interior. The cells organelles…
Cell
The basic unit of life. All organisms are made from it.
Cell Membrane
A semipermeable "skin" surrounding the cell and separating it…
22 terms
Cell Biology
Cell
Cell membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
The basic unit of all forms of life
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell made of a phospholip…
A strong layer around the outside of plant cells made of cell…
An organelle that contains the cell's genetic material (DNA)
Cell
The basic unit of all forms of life
Cell membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell made of a phospholip…
19 terms
Biology Cell
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
-outer part of the cell ... -holds in the cell parts and control…
-outside of the cell membrane... -protects the cell and helps ma…
-takes up the space between the nucleus and the cell membrane…
-in an animal cell it is located in the center... -in a plant ce…
Cell membrane
-outer part of the cell ... -holds in the cell parts and control…
Cell wall
-outside of the cell membrane... -protects the cell and helps ma…
38 terms
Biology- Cells
organelles
cell membrane
peripheral proteins
integral proteins
cell parts that perform a specific function; help to maintain…
thin layer that separates the cell from its surroundings... 5 t…
located on the internal and external surfaces of the cell mem…
are embedded in the bilayer. may have carbs attached to join…
organelles
cell parts that perform a specific function; help to maintain…
cell membrane
thin layer that separates the cell from its surroundings... 5 t…
69 terms
Biology: cells
Where is the plasma membrane found?
Function of the plasma/cell membrane
Description of the plasma/cell membrane
Where is the cell wall found?
Plants and animals
Controls movement of materials in and out of the cell. Helps…
Made up of two layers of lipids and protein. Flexible boundar…
Plants
Where is the plasma membrane found?
Plants and animals
Function of the plasma/cell membrane
Controls movement of materials in and out of the cell. Helps…
22 terms
Cell Biology
Cell
Cell membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
The basic unit of all forms of life
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell made of a phospholip…
A strong layer around the outside of plant cells made of cell…
An organelle that contains the cell's genetic material (DNA)
Cell
The basic unit of all forms of life
Cell membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell made of a phospholip…
21 terms
Cell Biology
Active Transport
Simple Diffusion
Endoplasmic reticulum
Golgi bodies/apparatus
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
Form of passive transport in which molecules move from an are…
Network of folded membranes with or without ribosomes where p…
An organelle in the cytoplasm that modifies and packages secr…
Active Transport
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
Simple Diffusion
Form of passive transport in which molecules move from an are…
18 terms
Cell Biology
organelles
mitochondria
cytoplasm
Golgi bodies (apparatus)
"little organs" that perform special functions withing a cell
Spherical or rod-shaped organelles found within the cytoplasm…
The jelly-like substance in a cell that contains the cytosol,…
an organelle consisting of layers of flattened sacs that take…
organelles
"little organs" that perform special functions withing a cell
mitochondria
Spherical or rod-shaped organelles found within the cytoplasm…
46 terms
Cell Biology
Mathias Schleiden and Theodore Schwann
Rudolph Virchow
micrometer
nanometer
plants (Schleidan) and animals (Schwann) are made up of cells…
cells come from other existing cells (cell theory).
1 millionth of a meter.
1/billionth of a meter
Mathias Schleiden and Theodore Schwann
plants (Schleidan) and animals (Schwann) are made up of cells…
Rudolph Virchow
cells come from other existing cells (cell theory).
57 terms
Biology - Cell Biology 1
cell
disease
infectious disease
malaria
Basic unit of life
An abnormal state in which the body is not functioning normally
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
This disease is commonly associated with poverty and is sprea…
cell
Basic unit of life
disease
An abnormal state in which the body is not functioning normally
28 terms
Biology: Cell Theory and Cells
prokaryote
eukaryote
organelles
nucleus
type of cell that does not have a nucleus nor membrane bound…
type of cell that has a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
"little organs" that perform different functions in the cell
the control center of the cell where DNA is located
prokaryote
type of cell that does not have a nucleus nor membrane bound…
eukaryote
type of cell that has a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
30 terms
Biology: Cells
cell wall
nucleus
cell membrane
ribosome
protection and support for plant, not in animal cells
Control center of cell; DNA is located here
outside of the animal cell, controls what enters and exits th…
assembles the proteins in a cell
cell wall
protection and support for plant, not in animal cells
nucleus
Control center of cell; DNA is located here
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
59 terms
Cell Biology
Theory of Endosymbiosis
Eukaryotic Cell
Prokaryotic Cell
Nucleolus
Eukaryotic cells emerged when mitochondria and chloroplasts,…
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membra…
Found inside the nucleus and produces ribosomes
Theory of Endosymbiosis
Eukaryotic cells emerged when mitochondria and chloroplasts,…
Eukaryotic Cell
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
29 terms
Biology: Cells
cell wall
nucleus
cell membrane
ribosome
protection and support for plant, not in animal cells
Control center of cell; DNA is located here
outside of the animal cell, controls what enters and exits th…
assembles the proteins in a cell
cell wall
protection and support for plant, not in animal cells
nucleus
Control center of cell; DNA is located here
72 terms
Unit 1: Cell Biology
phospholipid bilayer
cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
semipermeable membrane
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
model that describes the arrangement and movement of the mole…
A membrane that allows some molecules to pass through but doe…
phospholipid bilayer
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
cell membrane
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
13 terms
Cell Biology: Cell Transport
selectively permeable
diffusion
osmosis
passive transport
some materials can pass through while others can not
molecules move from an area of high concentration to an area…
diffusion of water molecules across a selectively permeable m…
the movement of materials across a cell membrane without usin…
selectively permeable
some materials can pass through while others can not
diffusion
molecules move from an area of high concentration to an area…
8 terms
Biology - cells
Nucleus, cell wall, cell membrane, chl…
Nucleus, cell membrane, cytoplasm
The main difference is that prokaryoti…
Human cells are eukaryotic cells
plant cell
Animal cell
Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells difference
What are human cells
Nucleus, cell wall, cell membrane, chl…
plant cell
Nucleus, cell membrane, cytoplasm
Animal cell
11 terms
Cells biology
Cell membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Organelles
Thin, flexible barrier around cell; controls movement of mate…
Control center, contains genetic material ( DNA).
Material inside cell excluding nucleus; primarily made of cyt…
Specialized structures that perform important functions.
Cell membrane
Thin, flexible barrier around cell; controls movement of mate…
Nucleus
Control center, contains genetic material ( DNA).
22 terms
Biology Unit 2 - Cell Biology
Cell
Cell membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
The basic unit of all forms of life
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell made of a phospholip…
A strong layer around the outside of plant cells made of cell…
An organelle that contains the cell's genetic material (DNA)
Cell
The basic unit of all forms of life
Cell membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell made of a phospholip…
13 terms
Biology: Cells
cell wall
nucleus
cell membrane
ribosome
protection and support for plant, not in animal cells
Control center of cell; DNA is located here
outside of the animal cell, controls what enters and exits th…
assembles the proteins in a cell
cell wall
protection and support for plant, not in animal cells
nucleus
Control center of cell; DNA is located here
30 terms
Biology Cells
cell membrane
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Chromatin (Chromosomes)
-phospholipid bi-layer embedded with proteins, fluid mosaic…
-round... -largest organelle and is found in the center of p…
-Round... -Found inside the nucleus of both plant and animal…
located inside the nucleus of plants and animals... stringy, w…
cell membrane
-phospholipid bi-layer embedded with proteins, fluid mosaic…
Nucleus
-round... -largest organelle and is found in the center of p…
52 terms
Cell Biology
G
V
F
M
Gly Glycine non-polar hydrophobic
Val Valine non-polar hydrophobic
Phe Phenylalanine non-polar hydrophobic
Met Methionine non-polar hydrophobic
G
Gly Glycine non-polar hydrophobic
V
Val Valine non-polar hydrophobic
51 terms
Essential Cell Biology Chapter 18: Cell Cycle
Cell Cycle
M phase
G1 phase
S phase
1) Cell growth and chromosome replication... 2) Chromosome segre…
•mitosis, cytokinesis
•protein synthesis, growth, decision about cell division
•DNA synthesis
Cell Cycle
1) Cell growth and chromosome replication... 2) Chromosome segre…
M phase
•mitosis, cytokinesis
17 terms
Biology: Cells
Cytoplasm
mitochondrion
nucleolus
nucleus
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
A membrane‐bound organelle found in most eukaryotic cells; si…
Found inside the nucleus and produces ribosomes
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
Cytoplasm
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
mitochondrion
A membrane‐bound organelle found in most eukaryotic cells; si…
14 terms
Cell Biology
Single-Cellular
Multi-cellular
Function
Bacteria
An organism that consists of only one cell, unlike a multicel…
having or consisting of many cells
work or operate in a proper or particular way
Microscopic living organisms, usually one-celled, that can be…
Single-Cellular
An organism that consists of only one cell, unlike a multicel…
Multi-cellular
having or consisting of many cells
19 terms
Biology Chapter 7: The Cell
Three components of the "cell theory"…
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Ribosomes
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
This is the boundary between the inside and the outside fo th…
This organelle is the control center for the cell and houses…
This is the part of the cell where proteins are made or assem…
Three components of the "cell theory"…
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
Cell Membrane
This is the boundary between the inside and the outside fo th…
41 terms
Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Exceptions to the cell theory
Theory
Light Microscopes
1. All living organisms are composted of cells... 2. Cells are t…
Although most organisms follow the cell theory, there are exc…
The accumulation of evidence that allows a hypothesis to beco…
Magnification:... -x 40 (low power)... -x 100 (medium power)... -x 400…
Cell Theory
1. All living organisms are composted of cells... 2. Cells are t…
Exceptions to the cell theory
Although most organisms follow the cell theory, there are exc…
10 terms
Cell Biology
Osmosis
Diffusion
Selectively Permeable
Prokaryote
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
A property of cell membranes that allows some substances to p…
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
Osmosis
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
Diffusion
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
27 terms
Biology Chapter 3 - Cells
Cell Theory
Prokayote
Cell membrane
Cell wall
1. All living things are made of one or more cells. 2. Cells…
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
The outer boundary of a cell and is selectively permeable
Plant cells and prokayotes have cell walls that surround the…
Cell Theory
1. All living things are made of one or more cells. 2. Cells…
Prokayote
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
72 terms
Unit 1: Cell Biology
phospholipid bilayer
cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
semipermeable membrane
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
model that describes the arrangement and movement of the mole…
A membrane that allows some molecules to pass through but doe…
phospholipid bilayer
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
cell membrane
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
37 terms
Biology - Cell
Anton van Leeuwenhock
Robert Hooke
Schwann, Schleiden, Virchow
cell theory
invented microscope
named cells
developed the cell theory
1. all organisms are composed of cells;... 2. cells are smallest…
Anton van Leeuwenhock
invented microscope
Robert Hooke
named cells
110 terms
Cell Biology
Plasma membrane
Phospholipid
In a phospholipid, Why do the polar he…
In a Phospholipid, why do the fatty ac…
FUNCTION-->... -regulates what goes in and out of the cell... - pro…
- head is hydrophilic(polar)--> glycerol and a phosphate grou…
- because water attracts the polar head
- because they attract each other because they are non polar,…
Plasma membrane
FUNCTION-->... -regulates what goes in and out of the cell... - pro…
Phospholipid
- head is hydrophilic(polar)--> glycerol and a phosphate grou…
27 terms
Biology - Cell Basics
cell
microscope
cell theory
cell structure
basic unit of structure and function in living things
instrument that makes small objects look larger
All living things are composed of cells. Cells are the basic…
what a cell is made of and how it is put together
cell
basic unit of structure and function in living things
microscope
instrument that makes small objects look larger
43 terms
Cell Biology
Endergonic
catalyst
Coupled reaction
Substrates
reactions that require a continuous supply of energy to proceed
Molecules that speed up chemical reactions by providing a new…
Reactions where an exergonic reaction is used to provide ener…
molecules that bind to an enzyme and the enzymes perform reac…
Endergonic
reactions that require a continuous supply of energy to proceed
catalyst
Molecules that speed up chemical reactions by providing a new…
40 terms
Strand 2: Cell Biology
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
cell membrane
nucleus
This type of cell lacks a nucleus, but still includes a cell…
This type of cell has a nucleus (which stores DNA), as well a…
A protective barrier made up of proteins and lipids (fats) th…
Organelle in eukaryotic cells which contains the cell's DNA.
prokaryotic cell
This type of cell lacks a nucleus, but still includes a cell…
eukaryotic cell
This type of cell has a nucleus (which stores DNA), as well a…
17 terms
Cell Biology: Lecture 3
General formula for carbohydrates
Roles
Monosaccharides
Disaccarides
Cn(H2O)n
sources of stored energy, transport stored energy
simple sugars
two simple sugars linked by covalent bonds
General formula for carbohydrates
Cn(H2O)n
Roles
sources of stored energy, transport stored energy
7 terms
Cell Biology
Chlorophyll
Enzyme
Cell membrane
Nucleus
Green pigment in plants that absorbs light energy. Essential…
A biological catalyst that speeds up the rate of chemical rea…
The semipermeable lipid bilayer surrounding the cytoplasm of…
A membrane-bound organelle in the cell that contains the cell…
Chlorophyll
Green pigment in plants that absorbs light energy. Essential…
Enzyme
A biological catalyst that speeds up the rate of chemical rea…
24 terms
Cell biology
phospholipid
cell membrane
prokaryote
cells
primary component of the cell membrane
cell with 70s ribosomes
cells always come from other...
phospholipid
primary component of the cell membrane
cell membrane
13 terms
Biology: Cells
cell wall
nucleus
cell membrane
ribosome
protection and support for plant, not in animal cells
Control center of cell; DNA is located here
outside of the animal cell, controls what enters and exits th…
assembles the proteins in a cell
cell wall
protection and support for plant, not in animal cells
nucleus
Control center of cell; DNA is located here
34 terms
Unit 3 Cell Biology
nucleus
ribosomes
cell membrane
cytoplasm
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
Cytoplasmic organelles at which proteins are made.
The semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cel…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
nucleus
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
ribosomes
Cytoplasmic organelles at which proteins are made.
40 terms
KHS Biology: The Cell
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Cell Membrane (Plasma Membrane)
Nucleus
Cells with no nucleus and no membrane-enclosed organelles, li…
Cells with a nucleus and membrane-enclosed organelles. Includ…
The selectively permeable boundary of ALL cells, made of a do…
The "control center" of the cell, containing the DNA
Prokaryote
Cells with no nucleus and no membrane-enclosed organelles, li…
Eukaryote
Cells with a nucleus and membrane-enclosed organelles. Includ…
27 terms
Biology Chapter 3 - Cells
Cell Theory
Prokayote
Cell membrane
Cell wall
1. All living things are made of one or more cells. 2. Cells…
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
The outer boundary of a cell and is selectively permeable
Plant cells and prokayotes have cell walls that surround the…
Cell Theory
1. All living things are made of one or more cells. 2. Cells…
Prokayote
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
19 terms
Cell Biology
plasma/cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
ribosome
Holds cell together... Regulates what goes in/out of cell
Supports/protects cell organelles
Control center... Contains DNA
Where proteins are made of
plasma/cell membrane
Holds cell together... Regulates what goes in/out of cell
cytoplasm
Supports/protects cell organelles
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