Study sets matching "biology cells"

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Study sets matching "biology cells"

Biology--"Cells"
Robert Hooke
Eukaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Organisms
first person to see a cell; named cells
have cell organelles and nucleus
no cell organelles (except ribosomes)... no nucleus... Has ribosome…
Bacteria
Robert Hooke
first person to see a cell; named cells
Eukaryotic Cells
have cell organelles and nucleus
Cell Biology
Cell
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoplasm
The basic unit of life. All organisms are made from it.
A semipermeable "skin" surrounding the cell and separating it…
A semi-rigid structure that surrounds plant cells.
The fluid portion of a cell's interior. The cells organelles…
Cell
The basic unit of life. All organisms are made from it.
Cell Membrane
A semipermeable "skin" surrounding the cell and separating it…
16 terms
Cell Biology
Cell
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Cytoplasm
The basic unit of life. All organisms are made from it.
A semipermeable "skin" surrounding the cell and separating it…
A semi-rigid structure that surrounds plant cells.
The fluid portion of a cell's interior. The cells organelles…
Cell
The basic unit of life. All organisms are made from it.
Cell Membrane
A semipermeable "skin" surrounding the cell and separating it…
24 terms
Biology - Cells
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Centriole
Cilia
Controls what enters and leaves the cell.
Rigid outer layer of a plant cell.
Made of micro tubules that function during cell division.
Numerous projections that look like hairs.
Cell Membrane
Controls what enters and leaves the cell.
Cell Wall
Rigid outer layer of a plant cell.
51 terms
Cell Biology
Active Transport
Anaerobic respiration
Aerobic respiration
Catalyst
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
Respiration that does not require oxygen
Respiration that requires oxygen
A substance that speeds up a chemical reaction without being…
Active Transport
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
Anaerobic respiration
Respiration that does not require oxygen
18 terms
Biology (Cells)
two major types of cells in the human…
prokaryotic cells such as bacteria and…
eukaryotic cells such as protozoa, fun…
prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells both…
prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells
no nucleus, DNA is contained in the nucleoid, unicellular, as…
nucleus, DNA is contained in the nucleous, multicellar, can b…
cell walls, plasma membranes, cytoplasm, organelles, flagella…
two major types of cells in the human…
prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells
prokaryotic cells such as bacteria and…
no nucleus, DNA is contained in the nucleoid, unicellular, as…
97 terms
Biology--"Cells"
Robert Hooke
Eukaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Organisms
first person to see a cell; named cells
have cell organelles and nucleus
no cell organelles (except ribosomes)... no nucleus... Has ribosome…
Bacteria
Robert Hooke
first person to see a cell; named cells
Eukaryotic Cells
have cell organelles and nucleus
6 terms
Cell Biology
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
mitochondria
nucleus
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Called the powerhouse of the cell. Where a cell gets all it's…
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
Prokaryote
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
Eukaryote
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell Biology
Cell
Cell membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
The basic unit of all forms of life
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell made of a phospholip…
A strong layer around the outside of plant cells made of cell…
An organelle that contains the cell's genetic material (DNA)
Cell
The basic unit of all forms of life
Cell membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell made of a phospholip…
Cell Biology
Chlorophyll
Enzyme
Cell membrane
Nucleus
Green pigment in plants that absorbs light energy. Essential…
A biological catalyst that speeds up the rate of chemical rea…
The semipermeable lipid bilayer surrounding the cytoplasm of…
A membrane-bound organelle in the cell that contains the cell…
Chlorophyll
Green pigment in plants that absorbs light energy. Essential…
Enzyme
A biological catalyst that speeds up the rate of chemical rea…
19 terms
Biology Cell
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
-outer part of the cell ... -holds in the cell parts and control…
-outside of the cell membrane... -protects the cell and helps ma…
-takes up the space between the nucleus and the cell membrane…
-in an animal cell it is located in the center... -in a plant ce…
Cell membrane
-outer part of the cell ... -holds in the cell parts and control…
Cell wall
-outside of the cell membrane... -protects the cell and helps ma…
22 terms
Cell Biology
Cell
Cell membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
The basic unit of all forms of life
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell made of a phospholip…
A strong layer around the outside of plant cells made of cell…
An organelle that contains the cell's genetic material (DNA)
Cell
The basic unit of all forms of life
Cell membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell made of a phospholip…
38 terms
Biology- Cells
organelles
cell membrane
peripheral proteins
integral proteins
cell parts that perform a specific function; help to maintain…
thin layer that separates the cell from its surroundings... 5 t…
located on the internal and external surfaces of the cell mem…
are embedded in the bilayer. may have carbs attached to join…
organelles
cell parts that perform a specific function; help to maintain…
cell membrane
thin layer that separates the cell from its surroundings... 5 t…
Cell Biology
organelles
mitochondria
cytoplasm
cell membrane
"little organs" that perform special functions withing a cell
Spherical or rod-shaped organelles found within the cytoplasm…
The jelly-like substance in a cell that contains the cytosol,…
the outer covering of the cell consisting of a lipid bilayer…
organelles
"little organs" that perform special functions withing a cell
mitochondria
Spherical or rod-shaped organelles found within the cytoplasm…
69 terms
Biology: cells
Where is the plasma membrane found?
Function of the plasma/cell membrane
Description of the plasma/cell membrane
Where is the cell wall found?
Plants and animals
Controls movement of materials in and out of the cell. Helps…
Made up of two layers of lipids and protein. Flexible boundar…
Plants
Where is the plasma membrane found?
Plants and animals
Function of the plasma/cell membrane
Controls movement of materials in and out of the cell. Helps…
Cell Biology
Active Transport
Simple Diffusion
Endoplasmic reticulum
Golgi bodies/apparatus
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
Form of passive transport in which molecules move from an are…
Network of folded membranes with or without ribosomes where p…
An organelle in the cytoplasm that modifies and packages secr…
Active Transport
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
Simple Diffusion
Form of passive transport in which molecules move from an are…
46 terms
Cell Biology
Mathias Schleiden and Theodore Schwann
Rudolph Virchow
micrometer
nanometer
plants (Schleidan) and animals (Schwann) are made up of cells…
cells come from other existing cells (cell theory).
1 millionth of a meter.
1/billionth of a meter
Mathias Schleiden and Theodore Schwann
plants (Schleidan) and animals (Schwann) are made up of cells…
Rudolph Virchow
cells come from other existing cells (cell theory).
57 terms
Biology - Cell Biology 1
cell
disease
infectious disease
malaria
Basic unit of life
An abnormal state in which the body is not functioning normally
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
This disease is commonly associated with poverty and is sprea…
cell
Basic unit of life
disease
An abnormal state in which the body is not functioning normally
41 terms
Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Exceptions to the cell theory
Theory
Light Microscopes
1. All living organisms are composted of cells... 2. Cells are t…
Although most organisms follow the cell theory, there are exc…
The accumulation of evidence that allows a hypothesis to beco…
Magnification:... -x 40 (low power)... -x 100 (medium power)... -x 400…
Cell Theory
1. All living organisms are composted of cells... 2. Cells are t…
Exceptions to the cell theory
Although most organisms follow the cell theory, there are exc…
72 terms
Unit 1: Cell Biology
phospholipid bilayer
cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
semipermeable membrane
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
model that describes the arrangement and movement of the mole…
A membrane that allows some molecules to pass through but doe…
phospholipid bilayer
plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
cell membrane
double-layer of phospholipids that forms a boundary between a…
28 terms
Biology: Cell Theory and Cells
prokaryote
eukaryote
organelles
nucleus
type of cell that does not have a nucleus nor membrane bound…
type of cell that has a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
"little organs" that perform different functions in the cell
the control center of the cell where DNA is located
prokaryote
type of cell that does not have a nucleus nor membrane bound…
eukaryote
type of cell that has a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Cells
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
This outermost membrane of a cell separates internal metaboli…
This membrane-bound compartment contains hereditary instructi…
Cells
Are the smallest units having the complex organization, metab…
Basic Cellular Structure
Plasma Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
59 terms
Cell Biology
Theory of Endosymbiosis
Eukaryotic Cell
Prokaryotic Cell
Nucleolus
Eukaryotic cells emerged when mitochondria and chloroplasts,…
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membra…
Found inside the nucleus and produces ribosomes
Theory of Endosymbiosis
Eukaryotic cells emerged when mitochondria and chloroplasts,…
Eukaryotic Cell
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
30 terms
Biology: Cells
cell wall
nucleus
cell membrane
ribosome
protection and support for plant, not in animal cells
Control center of cell; DNA is located here
outside of the animal cell, controls what enters and exits th…
assembles the proteins in a cell
cell wall
protection and support for plant, not in animal cells
nucleus
Control center of cell; DNA is located here
18 terms
Cell Biology
organelles
mitochondria
cytoplasm
Golgi bodies (apparatus)
"little organs" that perform special functions withing a cell
Spherical or rod-shaped organelles found within the cytoplasm…
The jelly-like substance in a cell that contains the cytosol,…
an organelle consisting of layers of flattened sacs that take…
organelles
"little organs" that perform special functions withing a cell
mitochondria
Spherical or rod-shaped organelles found within the cytoplasm…
29 terms
Biology: Cells
cell wall
nucleus
cell membrane
ribosome
protection and support for plant, not in animal cells
Control center of cell; DNA is located here
outside of the animal cell, controls what enters and exits th…
assembles the proteins in a cell
cell wall
protection and support for plant, not in animal cells
nucleus
Control center of cell; DNA is located here
37 terms
Cell Biology
Mathias Schleiden and Theodore Schwann
Rudolph Virchow
Scanning Electron Microscope-SEM
cell membrane
plants (Schleidan) and animals (Schwann) are made up of cells…
cells come from other existing cells (cell theory).
electron 3D micrograph of surface of object using electron be…
phospholipid bilayer; selectively permeable barrier with prot…
Mathias Schleiden and Theodore Schwann
plants (Schleidan) and animals (Schwann) are made up of cells…
Rudolph Virchow
cells come from other existing cells (cell theory).
Biology - cells
Nucleus, cell wall, cell membrane, chl…
Nucleus, cell membrane, cytoplasm
The main difference is that prokaryoti…
Human cells are eukaryotic cells
plant cell
Animal cell
Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells difference
What are human cells
Nucleus, cell wall, cell membrane, chl…
plant cell
Nucleus, cell membrane, cytoplasm
Animal cell
13 terms
Cell Biology: Cell Transport
selectively permeable
diffusion
osmosis
passive transport
some materials can pass through while others can not
molecules move from an area of high concentration to an area…
diffusion of water molecules across a selectively permeable m…
the movement of materials across a cell membrane without usin…
selectively permeable
some materials can pass through while others can not
diffusion
molecules move from an area of high concentration to an area…
5 terms
Cell Biology
Osmosis
Diffusion
Hypertonic
Hypotonic
The movement of water from a high concentration to a low conc…
The movement of particles from a high concentration.
High solute concentration, low water concentration.
Low solute concentration, high water concentration.
Osmosis
The movement of water from a high concentration to a low conc…
Diffusion
The movement of particles from a high concentration.
9 terms
Cells Biology
Cell
Cell membrane
Cell walls
Cytoplasm
The smallest part of anything living
Surrounds a cell holding the parts of the cell together. Allo…
Surround the cell membrane stiff give plant extra support and…
All the material of the cell between the cell membrane and th…
Cell
The smallest part of anything living
Cell membrane
Surrounds a cell holding the parts of the cell together. Allo…
22 terms
Biology Unit 2 - Cell Biology
Cell
Cell membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
The basic unit of all forms of life
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell made of a phospholip…
A strong layer around the outside of plant cells made of cell…
An organelle that contains the cell's genetic material (DNA)
Cell
The basic unit of all forms of life
Cell membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around the cell made of a phospholip…
IB Biology - Cell Theory
Cell Theory
Unicellular organism
Metabolism
Homeostasis
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Organism that consists of one cell that carries all functions…
Chemical reactions inside a cell, such as cell respiration
The ability to keep conditions inside the organism within tol…
Cell Theory
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Unicellular organism
Organism that consists of one cell that carries all functions…
11 terms
Cells biology
Cell membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Organelles
Thin, flexible barrier around cell; controls movement of mate…
Control center, contains genetic material ( DNA).
Material inside cell excluding nucleus; primarily made of cyt…
Specialized structures that perform important functions.
Cell membrane
Thin, flexible barrier around cell; controls movement of mate…
Nucleus
Control center, contains genetic material ( DNA).
35 terms
Cell Biology: Cell Transport
selectively permeable
diffusion
osmosis
passive transport
some materials can pass through while others can not
molecules move from an area of high concentration to an area…
diffusion of water molecules across a selectively permeable m…
the movement of materials across a cell membrane without usin…
selectively permeable
some materials can pass through while others can not
diffusion
molecules move from an area of high concentration to an area…
13 terms
Biology: Cells
cell wall
nucleus
cell membrane
ribosome
protection and support for plant, not in animal cells
Control center of cell; DNA is located here
outside of the animal cell, controls what enters and exits th…
assembles the proteins in a cell
cell wall
protection and support for plant, not in animal cells
nucleus
Control center of cell; DNA is located here
52 terms
Cell Biology
G
V
F
M
Gly Glycine non-polar hydrophobic
Val Valine non-polar hydrophobic
Phe Phenylalanine non-polar hydrophobic
Met Methionine non-polar hydrophobic
G
Gly Glycine non-polar hydrophobic
V
Val Valine non-polar hydrophobic
Biology Cells
cell membrane
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Chromatin (Chromosomes)
-phospholipid bi-layer embedded with proteins, fluid mosaic…
-round... -largest organelle and is found in the center of p…
-Round... -Found inside the nucleus of both plant and animal…
located inside the nucleus of plants and animals... stringy, w…
cell membrane
-phospholipid bi-layer embedded with proteins, fluid mosaic…
Nucleus
-round... -largest organelle and is found in the center of p…
100 terms
IB Biology Cell Biology
What is the hierarchy of cell biology?
What is the Cell Theory (3 statements)?
What are 4 common characteristics of c…
Atypical examples of cells (4)? What a…
atoms > molecule > cell > tissue > organ > body system > orga…
1) Cells are smallest unit of life.... 2) All living things are…
- membrane separates internal/external environments... - genetic…
- striated muscle (fibers, unusually large, multiple nuclei)…
What is the hierarchy of cell biology?
atoms > molecule > cell > tissue > organ > body system > orga…
What is the Cell Theory (3 statements)?
1) Cells are smallest unit of life.... 2) All living things are…
37 terms
Biology - Cell
Anton van Leeuwenhock
Robert Hooke
Schwann, Schleiden, Virchow
cell theory
invented microscope
named cells
developed the cell theory
1. all organisms are composed of cells;... 2. cells are smallest…
Anton van Leeuwenhock
invented microscope
Robert Hooke
named cells
17 terms
Cell Biology: Lecture 3
General formula for carbohydrates
Roles
Monosaccharides
Disaccarides
Cn(H2O)n
sources of stored energy, transport stored energy
simple sugars
two simple sugars linked by covalent bonds
General formula for carbohydrates
Cn(H2O)n
Roles
sources of stored energy, transport stored energy
Essential Cell Biology Chapter 18: Cell Cycle
Cell Cycle
M phase
G1 phase
S phase
1) Cell growth and chromosome replication... 2) Chromosome segre…
•mitosis, cytokinesis
•protein synthesis, growth, decision about cell division
•DNA synthesis
Cell Cycle
1) Cell growth and chromosome replication... 2) Chromosome segre…
M phase
•mitosis, cytokinesis
14 terms
Cell Biology
Single-Cellular
Multi-cellular
Function
Bacteria
An organism that consists of only one cell, unlike a multicel…
having or consisting of many cells
work or operate in a proper or particular way
Microscopic living organisms, usually one-celled, that can be…
Single-Cellular
An organism that consists of only one cell, unlike a multicel…
Multi-cellular
having or consisting of many cells
17 terms
Biology: Cells
Cytoplasm
mitochondrion
nucleolus
nucleus
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
A membrane‐bound organelle found in most eukaryotic cells; si…
Found inside the nucleus and produces ribosomes
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
Cytoplasm
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
mitochondrion
A membrane‐bound organelle found in most eukaryotic cells; si…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 7: The Cell
Three components of the "cell theory"…
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Ribosomes
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
This is the boundary between the inside and the outside fo th…
This organelle is the control center for the cell and houses…
This is the part of the cell where proteins are made or assem…
Three components of the "cell theory"…
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
Cell Membrane
This is the boundary between the inside and the outside fo th…
110 terms
Cell Biology
Plasma membrane
Phospholipid
In a phospholipid, Why do the polar he…
In a Phospholipid, why do the fatty ac…
FUNCTION-->... -regulates what goes in and out of the cell... - pro…
- head is hydrophilic(polar)--> glycerol and a phosphate grou…
- because water attracts the polar head
- because they attract each other because they are non polar,…
Plasma membrane
FUNCTION-->... -regulates what goes in and out of the cell... - pro…
Phospholipid
- head is hydrophilic(polar)--> glycerol and a phosphate grou…
168 terms
Cell Biology (EXAM 1)
Identify 5 important principles to cel…
the carbon atom has a valence of?
carbon atoms are more likely to form c…
what are the negatively charged functi…
1.) Characteristics of carbon... 2.) Characteristics of water... 3.…
Carbon has a valence of 4
CHNOS
carboxyl and phosphate
Identify 5 important principles to cel…
1.) Characteristics of carbon... 2.) Characteristics of water... 3.…
the carbon atom has a valence of?
Carbon has a valence of 4
38 terms
Cell Biology: Lecture 10
enzyme kinetics
enzyme activity and reaction rate depe…
initial reaction rate
initial reaction velocity (v)
quantitative aspects regarding the RATE of enzyme-mediated ca…
concentrations of substrates, products, and inhibitors that p…
rate of reaction prior to any appreciable decrease in substra…
rate of change in product concentration per unit time (mM/min…
enzyme kinetics
quantitative aspects regarding the RATE of enzyme-mediated ca…
enzyme activity and reaction rate depe…
concentrations of substrates, products, and inhibitors that p…
43 terms
Cell Biology
Endergonic
catalyst
Coupled reaction
Substrates
reactions that require a continuous supply of energy to proceed
Molecules that speed up chemical reactions by providing a new…
Reactions where an exergonic reaction is used to provide ener…
molecules that bind to an enzyme and the enzymes perform reac…
Endergonic
reactions that require a continuous supply of energy to proceed
catalyst
Molecules that speed up chemical reactions by providing a new…
Biology Chapter 3 - Cells
Cell Theory
Prokayote
Cell membrane
Cell wall
1. All living things are made of one or more cells. 2. Cells…
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
The outer boundary of a cell and is selectively permeable
Plant cells and prokayotes have cell walls that surround the…
Cell Theory
1. All living things are made of one or more cells. 2. Cells…
Prokayote
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
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