Study sets matching "biology cells"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "biology cells"

19 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Ch. 1 Biology
My dog has become much less clumsy now…
When that car pulled in the driveway,…
That Howells night vision allows it to…
A giraffe uses its long neck to eat fr…
Development
Response to environment
Evolution
Response to environment
My dog has become much less clumsy now…
Development
When that car pulled in the driveway,…
Response to environment
15 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Chapter 10 Biology test
Each organism has a unique combination…
The primary function of DNA is to
Molecules of DNA are composed of long…
Which is not part of a DNA nucleotide
DNA
Store and transmit genetic information
Nucleotides
Ribose sugar
Each organism has a unique combination…
DNA
The primary function of DNA is to
Store and transmit genetic information
32 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Ch 2 bio final
The three particles that make up atoms…
What are found in the space surroundin…
What is the melting point and number o…
Which of the following would be an exa…
Protons, neutrons, electrons
Electrons
Saturated fats: higher melting point, all carbons have single…
Eggs, milk, nuts, meat
The three particles that make up atoms…
Protons, neutrons, electrons
What are found in the space surroundin…
Electrons
50 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Biology midterm review Part 1
an organized way of gathering and anal…
process of noticing and describing eve…
logical interpretation based on prior…
a proposed scientific explanation for…
Science
Observation
Inference
Hypothesis
an organized way of gathering and anal…
Science
process of noticing and describing eve…
Observation
21 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Biology Vocab. - Chapter 11
Asexual Reproduction
Cell Cycle
Homologous Chromosomes
Interphase
Reproductive mode of eukaryotes by which offspring arise from…
A series of events from the time a cell forms until its cytop…
Chromosomes with the same length, shape, and genes
In a eukaryotic cell cycle, the interval between mitotic divi…
Asexual Reproduction
Reproductive mode of eukaryotes by which offspring arise from…
Cell Cycle
A series of events from the time a cell forms until its cytop…
73 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Biology final study guide
Characterisitcs of life
Matter
Homeostasis
Periodic table
To be considered living, an organism must:... 1. respond to the…
Anything that takes up space and mass that is made up of a ch…
Maintenance of a stable environment
...
Characterisitcs of life
To be considered living, an organism must:... 1. respond to the…
Matter
Anything that takes up space and mass that is made up of a ch…
27 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Biology Unit 4 part four second semester part
How are arteries able to regulate bloo…
What structures are found within large…
Define systolic pressure
Define Diastolic pressure
Having elastic outer and middle layers; constricting or relax…
Flaps of tissue act as one way valves
the pressure in the walls of arteries caused by ventricular c…
the pressure in the walls of the arteries when the ventricles…
How are arteries able to regulate bloo…
Having elastic outer and middle layers; constricting or relax…
What structures are found within large…
Flaps of tissue act as one way valves
52 termscreated on January 18, 2017
PSYCH BIOLOGY
central n.s.
peripheral n.s.
somatic n.s.
autonomic n.s.
brain and spine
ties into spine
voluntary movement
involuntary movement
central n.s.
brain and spine
peripheral n.s.
ties into spine
17 termscreated on January 18, 2017
unit 6 biology
Mitosis
Binary fission
Centromere
Telophase
First stage of division of the cell nucleus M phase
Process of cell division in prokaryotes and is a form of sexu…
Duplicated strands of the DNA molecule can be seen to be atta…
Fourth and final step chromosomes begin to spread apart into…
Mitosis
First stage of division of the cell nucleus M phase
Binary fission
Process of cell division in prokaryotes and is a form of sexu…
94 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Last Minute Study Sheet for SAT II Biology
transpiration
translocation (chromosomes)
translocation (plants)
transcription
release of water from stomata
chromosome abnormality caused by rearrangement of parts betwe…
movement of food up and down phloem
DNA sequence in a gene is copied into mRNA
transpiration
release of water from stomata
translocation (chromosomes)
chromosome abnormality caused by rearrangement of parts betwe…
57 termscreated on January 18, 2017
From DNA to Proteins
How did Erwin Chargaff contribute to t…
What three roles does DNA play
What is DNA
What are the building blocks of DNA
He discovered A binds with T and G binds with C
-storing information... -copying information... -transmitting infor…
A nucleic acid made up of nucleotides joined into long strand…
nucleotides
How did Erwin Chargaff contribute to t…
He discovered A binds with T and G binds with C
What three roles does DNA play
-storing information... -copying information... -transmitting infor…
32 termscreated on January 18, 2017
U1AoS1: Topic 1 - Cell size, structure and function
archaea
bacteria
cell
cell compartmentalisation
...
...
...
...
archaea
...
bacteria
...
15 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Honors Biology - Chapter 6
ATP
Chloropast
Glucose
Grannum
a high-energy molecule found in every cell. Its job is to sto…
a plastid that contains chlorophyll and in which photosynthes…
a simple sugar that is an important energy source in living o…
a stack of grans.
ATP
a high-energy molecule found in every cell. Its job is to sto…
Chloropast
a plastid that contains chlorophyll and in which photosynthes…
6 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Biology DSPA #2
Osmosis
Diffusion
Concentration Gradient
Isotonic
The diffusion of free WATER molecules across a membrane.
Movement of molecules or ions down a concentration gradient
The difference in the number per unit volume of a solute in a…
Solute concentration is the same inside and outside the cell;…
Osmosis
The diffusion of free WATER molecules across a membrane.
Diffusion
Movement of molecules or ions down a concentration gradient
422 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Biology
Plant Cell
Animal Cell
X) cell wall
W) wing of a bat and the arm of a human
What type of cell is this?
What type of cell is this?
Which of the following is NOT a structure found in human cell…
Which of the following are homologous structures: ... W) wing of…
Plant Cell
What type of cell is this?
Animal Cell
What type of cell is this?
36 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Campbell, "Biology", 10th Edition, Ch. 7
Selective Permeability
Amphipathic
Fluid Mosaic Model
Integral Proteins
A property of biological membranes that allows some substance…
A molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophob…
The currently accepted model of cell membrane structure, whic…
Typically transmembrane proteins with hydrophobic regions tha…
Selective Permeability
A property of biological membranes that allows some substance…
Amphipathic
A molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophob…
41 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Biology Ch. 2.3-2.4 Review
What is an organic molecule?
What do we call molecules that contain…
How many bonds can carbon form?
What type of bonds will carbon form?
A carbon based molecule
Hydrocarbons
4
Covalent bonds - single, double, triple
What is an organic molecule?
A carbon based molecule
What do we call molecules that contain…
Hydrocarbons
20 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Biology 1 Prentice Hall: Chapter 1 Vocab
science
observation
data
inference
organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural wo…
use of one or more of the senses-sight, hearing, touch, smell…
evidence; information gathered from observation
logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experience
science
organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural wo…
observation
use of one or more of the senses-sight, hearing, touch, smell…
55 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Biology Chapter 4
What do all cells use for energy?
What is ATP?
What is the relationship between ATP a…
Carbohydrate role in ATP Production
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
a molecule that transfers energy from the ... breakdown of food…
ATP is a high-energy molecule that is ... converted into lower-e…
molecules most commonly broken down; ... glucose yields about 36…
What do all cells use for energy?
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
What is ATP?
a molecule that transfers energy from the ... breakdown of food…
114 termscreated on January 18, 2017
BIOLOGY
science
observation
inference
hypothesis
organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about the n…
act of noticing and describing events or processes in a caref…
logical interpretation based on what scientists already know
scientific explanation for a set of observations that can be…
science
organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about the n…
observation
act of noticing and describing events or processes in a caref…
10 termscreated on January 18, 2017
The work of Gregor Mendel
Heredity
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
He delivery of characteristics from parents to offspring.
The scientific study of heredity.
The process male and female reproductive cells join to produc…
Specific characteristics that vary among individuals.
Heredity
He delivery of characteristics from parents to offspring.
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity.
53 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Campbell, "Biology", 10th Edition, Ch. 5
Macromolecule
Polymer
Monomer
Enzyme
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
The repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a po…
Specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions.
Macromolecule
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
25 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Biology- 7.3-7.4 Review
What is a process called by which part…
What type of transport does not requir…
What type of diffusion uses a protein…
How does glucose get through the cell…
Diffusion
Passive transport
Facilitated diffusion
facilitated diffusion
What is a process called by which part…
Diffusion
What type of transport does not requir…
Passive transport
58 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Campbell, "Biology", 10th edition, Ch. 6
Organelle
Cytosol
Eukaryotic cell
Prokaryotic Cell
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
A semifluid, jellylike substance inside all cells.
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membra…
Organelle
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
Cytosol
A semifluid, jellylike substance inside all cells.
56 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Vocabulary Chapter 2 AP Psychology
Biological Psychology
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
A neuron's bushy, branching extensions that receive messages…
A long, thin fiber that transmits signals away from the neuro…
Biological Psychology
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
12 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Biology Midterm Review (Leaf Structure, DNA, Nitrogen Cycle)
Shape of DNA and why it goes in only o…
Difference between purines and pyrimid…
Process of DNA replication and why it…
Compare DNA and RNA structures
Double Helix, the sugar phosphate backbone (the two "rods") a…
Purine's base: Adenine and Guanine... Pyrimidine's base: Cytosin…
The master strand of DNA splits from the complementary strand…
DNA- Double Helix, two rungs or poles held together... RNA- Sing…
Shape of DNA and why it goes in only o…
Double Helix, the sugar phosphate backbone (the two "rods") a…
Difference between purines and pyrimid…
Purine's base: Adenine and Guanine... Pyrimidine's base: Cytosin…
51 termscreated on January 18, 2017
biology vocab
adaption
anabolism
asexual reproduction
balance
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
the synthesis of complex molecules in living organisms from s…
a type of reproduction by which offspring arise from the sing…
an even distribution of weight enabling someone or something…
adaption
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
anabolism
the synthesis of complex molecules in living organisms from s…
6 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Biochemistry: Toothpickase Lab
enzymes
substrate
active site
chemical competitive inhibitor
protein catalysts that increase the rate of chemical reaction…
a substance on which an enzyme acts on
the part of the enzyme that fits with the substrate
similar to the substrate and can block the enzyme's active si…
enzymes
protein catalysts that increase the rate of chemical reaction…
substrate
a substance on which an enzyme acts on
13 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Chapter 6: A Tour of the Cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
phospholipid bilayer
diffusion
all living things are composed of cells, cells are the basic…
both animal and plant cells have a thin outer covering called…
phosphates surround the organelle or cell
the movement of the molecules of a substance from [H] to [L]
cell theory
all living things are composed of cells, cells are the basic…
plasma membrane
both animal and plant cells have a thin outer covering called…
21 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Biology Chapter 10 vocab
Gene
Homologous Chromosomes
Gamete
Haploid
Functional unit that controls inherited trait expression that…
One of two paired chromosomes, one from each parent, that car…
A haploid sex cell, formed during meiosis, that can combine w…
Cell with half the number chromosomes (n) as a diploid (2n) c…
Gene
Functional unit that controls inherited trait expression that…
Homologous Chromosomes
One of two paired chromosomes, one from each parent, that car…
33 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Cells Biology
Passive Transport
Active Transport
Plasma Membrane
Mitochondria
Transport that requires no ATP
Transport that requires ATP
An organelle (all cells have) that regulates what enters and…
An organelle where cellular respiration occurs
Passive Transport
Transport that requires no ATP
Active Transport
Transport that requires ATP
27 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Bio 112l midterm
Benedict's test
Lugol's iodine test
Sudan Test
Biuret reagant test
Test for monosaccharides
Test for starch, a polysaccharide
Presence of lipids
Presence of proteins
Benedict's test
Test for monosaccharides
Lugol's iodine test
Test for starch, a polysaccharide
6 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Bio Review
Who were the 2 scientists that wanted…
What common household appliance can se…
Was it the protein or DNA that was abl…
Who were the scientists that were tryi…
Alfred Hershey & Martha Chase
Kitchen Blender
DNA
James Watson & Francis Crick
Who were the 2 scientists that wanted…
Alfred Hershey & Martha Chase
What common household appliance can se…
Kitchen Blender
17 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Pearson Biology Chapter 1.1 and 1.3
Science
Observation
Inference
Hypothesis
An organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about th…
The act of noticing and describing events or processes in a c…
A conclusion reached on the basis of evidence and reasoning
A proposed, scientifically testable explanation for an observ…
Science
An organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about th…
Observation
The act of noticing and describing events or processes in a c…
18 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Biology vocab
Ionic bond
nucleotide
purines/pyrimidines
bioenergetics
complete transfer of valence electron(s) between atoms
a compound consisting of a nucleoside linked to a phosphate g…
a colorless crystalline compound with basic properties, formi…
study of the transformation of energy in living organsims
Ionic bond
complete transfer of valence electron(s) between atoms
nucleotide
a compound consisting of a nucleoside linked to a phosphate g…
41 termscreated on January 18, 2017
AP Bio Chapter 18.1 and 18.2 Practice: Regulation of Gene Expression
What does the operon model attempt to…
The role of a metabolite that controls…
The tryptophan operon is a repressible…
This protein is produced by a regulato…
A, the coordinated control of gene expression in bacteria
E, bind to the repress or protein and activate it
E, turned off whenever tryptophan is added to the growth medium
D, repressor
What does the operon model attempt to…
A, the coordinated control of gene expression in bacteria
The role of a metabolite that controls…
E, bind to the repress or protein and activate it
20 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Cellular Respiration, Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Aerobic respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Alcoholic Fermentation
The process that releases energy (ATP) by breaking down gluco…
Converting glucose into ATP in the presence of oxygen. Glycol…
Converting glucose into ATP without the presence of oxygen. G…
Type of anaerobic respiration used by organisms such as yeast…
Cellular Respiration
The process that releases energy (ATP) by breaking down gluco…
Aerobic respiration
Converting glucose into ATP in the presence of oxygen. Glycol…
19 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Biology test tomorrow
What is the function of cellular respi…
What is the chemical equation of cellu…
What is the role /function of Glucose…
Cellular respiration is used to get en…
To release energy from Glucose ( food ) * Used to make Atp fr…
Reactants - C6H12O6 + 6O2 ➡️ products - 6CO2 + 6H20
The role / function of Glucose in living things is to provide…
Atp
What is the function of cellular respi…
To release energy from Glucose ( food ) * Used to make Atp fr…
What is the chemical equation of cellu…
Reactants - C6H12O6 + 6O2 ➡️ products - 6CO2 + 6H20
13 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Cellular Organelles
Ribosome
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
Vesicles
Site of protein synthesis; on rough ER or free in cytoplasm
Conduct protein synthesis
Conduct lipid synthesis
Sacs; store and transport substances
Ribosome
Site of protein synthesis; on rough ER or free in cytoplasm
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
Conduct protein synthesis
47 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Meiosis/Genetics Test
homologous chromosomes
diploid cells
haploid cells
synapsis
term used to refer to chromosomes that each have a correspond…
a cell that contains both sets of homologous chromosomes
contains only a single set of chromosomes
pairing of two homologous chromosomes that occurs during meio…
homologous chromosomes
term used to refer to chromosomes that each have a correspond…
diploid cells
a cell that contains both sets of homologous chromosomes
40 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Biology Quiz 3- Cells and Organelles
Cell organelles
Cell (plasma) membrane (with component…
Cholesterol
Proteins
Subcellular structures, suspended in cytoplasm, carry out lif…
Surrounds the cell, is selectively permeable (and therefore t…
Soft, waxy substance that is one of the three components of t…
Float in lipid layer; types: ... transport, receptor, markers; l…
Cell organelles
Subcellular structures, suspended in cytoplasm, carry out lif…
Cell (plasma) membrane (with component…
Surrounds the cell, is selectively permeable (and therefore t…
21 termscreated on January 18, 2017
12.4 Human Biology
PNS
nerves
nerve fibers
sensory
lies outside the CNS and is composed of nerves and ganglia
bundles of axons
the axons that make up a nerve
fibers that carry info to the CNS
PNS
lies outside the CNS and is composed of nerves and ganglia
nerves
bundles of axons
58 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Biology Unit 8 Vocabulary
Anaphase
Anchorage Dependence
Asexual Reproduction
Autosome
5th stage where sister chromatids seperate at centromeres and…
The need for contact and anchorage to be stable.
Reproduction involving only one parent, offspring are clones…
Any chromosome that isn't a sex chromosome.
Anaphase
5th stage where sister chromatids seperate at centromeres and…
Anchorage Dependence
The need for contact and anchorage to be stable.
69 termscreated on January 18, 2017
BIOLOGY MIDTERM
Macromolecules
Monomer
Carbohydrates (3) Types
Monosaccharides
Large carbon (ORGANIC) found in living cells
Building block creates polymers
Monosaccharides, Disaccharide, Polysaccharides
Single sugars... glucose
Macromolecules
Large carbon (ORGANIC) found in living cells
Monomer
Building block creates polymers
34 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Marine biology test 1
Poriphera
Pores
Sessile
Heterotrophic
Sponges are placed in this phylum
Tiny openings all over body
Filter feeders that don't move as an adult
This is why sponges are classified as animals they are multic…
Poriphera
Sponges are placed in this phylum
Pores
Tiny openings all over body
46 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Biology in Focus: Chapter 9
Cell Devision
Cell Cycle
Genome
Chromosome
The reproduction of cells.
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell, from its…
The genetic material of an organism or virus; the complete co…
A cellular structure consisting of one DNA molecule and assoc…
Cell Devision
The reproduction of cells.
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell, from its…
16 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Honors Biology - Chapter 5
Activation Energy
Active Transport
Diffusion
Endocytosis
the minimum quantity of energy that the reacting species must…
the movement of molecules across a cell membrane from a regio…
he intermingling of substances by the natural movement of the…
the taking in of matter by a living cell by invagination of i…
Activation Energy
the minimum quantity of energy that the reacting species must…
Active Transport
the movement of molecules across a cell membrane from a regio…
26 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Biochemistry and Digestive System
activation energy
competitive inhibitor
energy
enzymes
the energy needed to start a chemical reaction
another substrate that competes for the same enzyme that make…
the ability to move or change matter
substances that increase the speed of chemical reactions
activation energy
the energy needed to start a chemical reaction
competitive inhibitor
another substrate that competes for the same enzyme that make…
29 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Science Test// Meiosis and mitosis
Heredity
Tarits
Gregor Mendel
Genetics
The passing of characterstics form parrents to offspring.
Characteristics that are inherited
An Australian mink who first developed the study of genetics
The branch of biology that studies heredity
Heredity
The passing of characterstics form parrents to offspring.
Tarits
Characteristics that are inherited
78 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Biology midterm vocab
Biology
Science
Hypothesis
Theory
Scientific study of life.
Organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about the n…
Possible answer based on observations.
Well tested and many different observations.
Biology
Scientific study of life.
Science
Organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about the n…
1 of 10