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Study sets matching "biology cells"

25 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Biology quiz
Sexual reproduction,two sex cells
Binary fission
Budding
Asexual reproduction,identical
In _______________, offspring are produced... by the fusion of _…
Bacteria and Ameba's reproduce by____________________.
Yeast and Hydra's reproduce by___________________.
__________________ is reproduction that involves a single par…
Sexual reproduction,two sex cells
In _______________, offspring are produced... by the fusion of _…
Binary fission
Bacteria and Ameba's reproduce by____________________.
12 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Cell organelles
Cytoskeleton
Nucleus
Endoplasmic reticulum
Ribosomes
Gives cell shape, acts as tracks, guve strength to cell, enab…
Contain and protect DNA
Produce proteins and lipids.
Link amino acids to form proteins
Cytoskeleton
Gives cell shape, acts as tracks, guve strength to cell, enab…
Nucleus
Contain and protect DNA
10 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Biology 3-1
Genetics
Chromosome
Chromatin
Replication
Scientific study of heredity
Thread like structure within the nucleus containing the genet…
Granular material visible within the nucleus; consists of DNA…
Copying process by which a cell delicates it's DNA
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
Chromosome
Thread like structure within the nucleus containing the genet…
22 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Biology 2: Chapter 4
Hooke
VanLeewenhoek
Schleiden
Schwann
Discovered cells by looking at cork
Discovered living cells in pond water
Discovered that all plants are made up of cells
Discovered all animals are made up of cells
Hooke
Discovered cells by looking at cork
VanLeewenhoek
Discovered living cells in pond water
15 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Cell Organelles
Cell membrane
Golgi complex
Cytoplasm
Lysosome
Controls what goes in and what goes out
Stores, packages, and delivers
Fluid and hold the organelles in place
Garbage disposal of cell
Cell membrane
Controls what goes in and what goes out
Golgi complex
Stores, packages, and delivers
7 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Biology
Ribosomes
Mitochondria
Chloroplasts
Cell wall
Made of RNA and protein. Function is to make protein
functions are cellular respiration . They are numerous in act…
Contain chlorophyll, site of photosynthesis, contain their ow…
Made of cellulose. Give strength to cell and stops it from bu…
Ribosomes
Made of RNA and protein. Function is to make protein
Mitochondria
functions are cellular respiration . They are numerous in act…
10 termscreated on December 4, 2016
introduction ch 1
homeostasis
cell
tissue
organ
maintenance in certain ranges of physiological processes
smallest unit of life
group of similar cells
groups of similar tissues that perform specific functions
homeostasis
maintenance in certain ranges of physiological processes
cell
smallest unit of life
9 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Specialised cells
Ciliated epithelial cell
Nerve cell
Red blood cells
Sperm cells
Tiny hairs which move back and forth to help move particles r…
Long connections at each end carry electrical signals and ner…
No nucleus contains haemoglobin which joins with oxygen large…
Small lots of mitochondria long tail for swimming head for ge…
Ciliated epithelial cell
Tiny hairs which move back and forth to help move particles r…
Nerve cell
Long connections at each end carry electrical signals and ner…
50 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Biology test
Anton Von Leeuwenhoek
Robert Hooke
Matthias schleiden
Theodor Schwann
Improved the microscope, studied pond water
Studied cork tissue and named the cell
All plants are made of cells
All animals are made of cells
Anton Von Leeuwenhoek
Improved the microscope, studied pond water
Robert Hooke
Studied cork tissue and named the cell
16 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Biology - O'Brien - Chapter 8.1 & 8.2
What is a chromosome?
How do eukaryotic and prokaryotic chro…
Sex chromosomes vs autosomes
Each species has a unique number of ch…
-rod shaped structure composed of DNA and proteins
Prokaryotic:... -simpler, less complex structures... -have one chro…
-2 sex chromosomes; xx- female, xy- male... -44 autosomes
-number of chromosomes does not indicate the complexity of an…
What is a chromosome?
-rod shaped structure composed of DNA and proteins
How do eukaryotic and prokaryotic chro…
Prokaryotic:... -simpler, less complex structures... -have one chro…
19 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Biology 244 Unit 21
Location of skeletal muscle
Location of cardiac muscle
Location of smooth muscle
Skeletal muscle
This muscle is attached at both ends to bones
This muscle is found only in the heart
This muscle is found in the walls of hollow organs (gut, blad…
...
Location of skeletal muscle
This muscle is attached at both ends to bones
Location of cardiac muscle
This muscle is found only in the heart
13 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Biology Chpt. 3
cell theory
describe how the surface area of a cel…
it is accurate to describe a unicellul…
explain the difference between a colon…
~cell is the basic unit of life... ~cells perform all the functi…
nutrients come in and out through the cell membrane and as th…
no because a cell itself is extremely complex
a colony is similar cells working together and if the cells w…
cell theory
~cell is the basic unit of life... ~cells perform all the functi…
describe how the surface area of a cel…
nutrients come in and out through the cell membrane and as th…
63 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Biology I.
Taxonomy
Artificial classification
Aristotle
Karl Linnè
A branch of biology which deals with the classification and n…
It does not show natural relationships among live organisms,…
He used the two-kingdom system (plants and animals) to classi…
He introduced the latin scientific naming- binominal nomencla…
Taxonomy
A branch of biology which deals with the classification and n…
Artificial classification
It does not show natural relationships among live organisms,…
32 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Chapter 26: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
total body water volume
intracellular fluid (ICF) volume
extracellular fluid (ECF) volume
interstitial fluid (IF) volume
40 L (60% of body weight)
25 L (40% of body weight)
15 L (20% body weight)
12 L (80% of ECF)
total body water volume
40 L (60% of body weight)
intracellular fluid (ICF) volume
25 L (40% of body weight)
14 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Genetics and Cell Division Root Words
Chrom
Fiss
Gam
Gen
Color
Split
Wife of husband
Inheritance, birth
Chrom
Color
Fiss
Split
17 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Biology Test: Plant Structure
cuticle
upper epidermis
palisade parenchyma
palisade mesophyll
hard, waxy watertight material at the top
right below the cuticle
tissue that contains the mesophyll cells
located inside the palisade parenchyma; where chloroplasts ar…
cuticle
hard, waxy watertight material at the top
upper epidermis
right below the cuticle
7 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Factors affecting rate of diffusion
Surface area to volume ratio
diffusion distance
temperature
surface area
the greater the ratio, the greater the diffusion rate
shorter the distance, the shorter the molecules will have to…
the higher the temperature, the more kinetic energy the molec…
the larger the SA, the more molecules that can cross an excha…
Surface area to volume ratio
the greater the ratio, the greater the diffusion rate
diffusion distance
shorter the distance, the shorter the molecules will have to…
11 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Biology Macromolecules and Enzymes
Polymers
Monomer
Macromolecules
Lipids
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers.
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
Four main classes of large biological molecules (carbohydrate…
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
Polymers
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers.
Monomer
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
12 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Biology- Cell Structure and Function quiz
Cells
Tissues
Organs
Organ systems
Build up to create tissues
Build up to create organs ... -Examples: skin and bone marrow
Build up to create organ systems
Build up to create organisms
Cells
Build up to create tissues
Tissues
Build up to create organs ... -Examples: skin and bone marrow
162 termscreated on December 4, 2016
bio final
innate immunity
adaptive immunity
phagocytosis
phagocytic cells
...
...
...
...
innate immunity
...
adaptive immunity
...
5 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Biology-Cell signalling
Name the three subunits G proteins are…
In an activity which units remain toge…
Phosphatase
kinase
Alpha beta and gamma
Beta and gamma
Enzyme which removes phosphates prospecphosphate
Enzyme which was phosphorylates another protein
Name the three subunits G proteins are…
Alpha beta and gamma
In an activity which units remain toge…
Beta and gamma
55 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Dr. Haynes_Biology Final Fall 2016
Respiratory System
Cardiovascular System
Digestive System
Muscular System
*lungs, trachea, heart, nasal cavity... *move air in/out and exc…
*Heart, arteries, veins, blood... *transports oxygen to body... *tr…
*mouth, teeth, stomach, esophagus, liver small and large inte…
*Muscles... *To move the body... *Produces heat for warmth
Respiratory System
*lungs, trachea, heart, nasal cavity... *move air in/out and exc…
Cardiovascular System
*Heart, arteries, veins, blood... *transports oxygen to body... *tr…
15 termscreated on December 4, 2016
POB ch 25
nucleotide base found only in DNA, not…
x-ray diffraction hotography of Rosali…
each new double helix formed in semico…
enzyme responsible for unwinding doubl…
thymine
indicating DNA has a double helix
one new and one old strand in each helix
helicase
nucleotide base found only in DNA, not…
thymine
x-ray diffraction hotography of Rosali…
indicating DNA has a double helix
18 termscreated on December 4, 2016
ch 29 vocab
sporopollenin
cuticle
vascular tissue
bryophytes
a durable polymer that covers exposed zygotes of charophyte a…
a waxy covering on surface of stems and leaves to prevent des…
plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that trans…
name for mosses, liverworts and hornworts; nonvascular plant…
sporopollenin
a durable polymer that covers exposed zygotes of charophyte a…
cuticle
a waxy covering on surface of stems and leaves to prevent des…
43 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Digestive system
digestion
Absorbstion
components of the digestive tract
Accessory organs
breakdown of food / converting food into chemical substances…
process of taking nutrients from our digestive tract into our…
mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, S.I, L.I
food does not directly pass through / salivary glands, liver,…
digestion
breakdown of food / converting food into chemical substances…
Absorbstion
process of taking nutrients from our digestive tract into our…
9 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Prokaryotes & Eukaryotes
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Theory of Endosymbiosis
What membrane bound organelles do prok…
No nucleus or membrance bound organelles... Single circular chro…
Nucleus, membrane bound organelles... Linear chromosomes... Complex…
Eukaryotic cells that contained organelles like chloroplasts…
No membrane bound organelles
Prokaryotes
No nucleus or membrance bound organelles... Single circular chro…
Eukaryotes
Nucleus, membrane bound organelles... Linear chromosomes... Complex…
36 termscreated on December 4, 2016
mitosis
metaphase
anaphase
prophase
spindle fibers
What phase is shown here?
What phase is shown here?
What phase is this now that the DNA has started to condense?
what are the thin hair like fibers surrounding the sister chr…
metaphase
What phase is shown here?
anaphase
What phase is shown here?
10 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Matthew Klinghoffer Cytology set 4
G1 Phase definition
G2 Phase Definition
G0 Phase Definition
M Phase Definition
This "is the first of four phases of the cell cycle that take…
This "is the second subphase of Interphase in the cell cycle…
"The G0 phase is a period in the cell cycle in which cells ex…
"Mitosis and cytokinesis together define the mitotic (M) phas…
G1 Phase definition
This "is the first of four phases of the cell cycle that take…
G2 Phase Definition
This "is the second subphase of Interphase in the cell cycle…
9 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Movement of molecules across a membrane - diffusion
diffusion
energy levels
which molecules are small enough to pa…
which molecules can pass through cell…
the net movement of molecules from an area of higher concentr…
substances diffuse without using any of the cell's metabolic…
oxygen and carbon dioxide
fat-soluble molecules (such as steroid hormones) are larger b…
diffusion
the net movement of molecules from an area of higher concentr…
energy levels
substances diffuse without using any of the cell's metabolic…
30 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Biology Chapter 7
Biotechnology
Cloning
Genome
Natural clones
The use of technology to enhance living organisms
An exact genetic duplicate of an organism
The heredity information encoded in DNA
•Occur without man's intervention... •are produced by asexual re…
Biotechnology
The use of technology to enhance living organisms
Cloning
An exact genetic duplicate of an organism
6 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Unit 4: Cell biology
DNA helicase
Single Stranded Binding Proteins (SSBPs)
DNA primase
DNA polymerase 1
In charge of unwinding the helix and prying apart the double…
Work to bind individual strands in a DNA double stranded heli…
Lays down the initial RNA primers so that polymerase 3 can ge…
Helps out polymerase 3 by replacing the RNA in the primer wit…
DNA helicase
In charge of unwinding the helix and prying apart the double…
Single Stranded Binding Proteins (SSBPs)
Work to bind individual strands in a DNA double stranded heli…
13 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Cell Review
Plant - Animal - Both : Organelles
Plant - Animal - Both : Ribosomes... What…
Plant - Animal - Both : Cell membrane…
Plant - Animal - Both : Cytoplasm... What…
Both
Both and it creates proteins
Both and it controls what goes in and out
Both and it is the fluid interior of the cell
Plant - Animal - Both : Organelles
Both
Plant - Animal - Both : Ribosomes... What…
Both and it creates proteins
16 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Post-translation modifications
What is the overview of post-translati…
What influences folding?
What bonds are made in folding?
What does folding hide?
- Proteins are modified... - Proteins are destroyed ... - Some modi…
Primary structure during translation (co-translaltional)/ pos…
covalent/ionic/hydrogen bonding
Hydrophobic regions
What is the overview of post-translati…
- Proteins are modified... - Proteins are destroyed ... - Some modi…
What influences folding?
Primary structure during translation (co-translaltional)/ pos…
7 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Dr. Haynes_Characteristics of Life
have cells
reproduction
growth and development
genetic code
the smallest living things... unicellular=1 cell... multicellular…
living things make more of their species
change over time... baby~>adult... tadpole~>frog... seed~>plant
DNA -has your genes/traits... RNA -makes proteins
have cells
the smallest living things... unicellular=1 cell... multicellular…
reproduction
living things make more of their species
17 termscreated on December 4, 2016
BIO 200 - Exam 2: Modney's Material
Correct order of the major phases of t…
What is not included in interphase?
A chromosome consists of 1 DNA molecul…
Actin cytoskeletal proteins and myosin…
G1 > S > G2 > M
M Phase
Anaphase
Cytokinesis
Correct order of the major phases of t…
G1 > S > G2 > M
What is not included in interphase?
M Phase
74 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Biology final review 5
Fallopian tubes
GnRH
3 to 5 days
Development
where does fertilization occur
what ormone released by the hypothalamus regulates the releas…
how long is an egg viable after ovulation
the series of events that take place after fertilization to l…
Fallopian tubes
where does fertilization occur
GnRH
what ormone released by the hypothalamus regulates the releas…
70 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Biology final review 4
Glycocalyx
Cholesterol
Periphreal and integral proteins
Glycocalyx
which component of the membrane serves as cellular receptors…
which membrane component provides structure and limits fluidity
which membrane component can catalyze reactions
which component of the cell membrane provides lubrication
Glycocalyx
which component of the membrane serves as cellular receptors…
Cholesterol
which membrane component provides structure and limits fluidity
70 termscreated on December 4, 2016
biology final review 3
Ribosome
Introns
Codon
Anticodon
where does translation occur
are introns or exons spliced out of a mature mRNA
what is a sequence of three bases in mRNA that specifies an a…
what is a sequence of three bases on a tRNA that are compleme…
Ribosome
where does translation occur
Introns
are introns or exons spliced out of a mature mRNA
128 termscreated on December 4, 2016
*Christmas 2016*
Nerve cells
Red blood cells
Muscle cells
Cell diversity
Carries message trough electrical impulse
Carries oxygenated and deoxygenated blood
Elongated and fibours
Cells differ in accordance to function
Nerve cells
Carries message trough electrical impulse
Red blood cells
Carries oxygenated and deoxygenated blood
70 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Biology final review 2
Alpha particles, beta particles, gamma…
Gamma rays
Alpha particles
Half life
what are the three types of radiation studied in this course
which radiation has the highest penetrating ability
which particles have the highest ionizing ability
the time it takes for one half of a given quantity of radioac…
Alpha particles, beta particles, gamma…
what are the three types of radiation studied in this course
Gamma rays
which radiation has the highest penetrating ability
16 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Ch. 13 Pt. 3
Inborn Reflex
Learned Reflexes
Receptor
Sensory Neuron
rapid, involuntary, predictable motor response to stimulus... -E…
result from practice or repetition... -Ex, driving skills
site of stimulus action
transmits afferent impulses to CNS
Inborn Reflex
rapid, involuntary, predictable motor response to stimulus... -E…
Learned Reflexes
result from practice or repetition... -Ex, driving skills
36 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Biology
Anton Von Leewenhoek
Robert Hooke
Mathias Schleiden
Theodor Schwann
A. Invented first good microscpe.... B. Obseverd animalcules in…
Obseved cork and named cells.
Stated all plants are made of cells,
Stated that all animals are made of cells.
Anton Von Leewenhoek
A. Invented first good microscpe.... B. Obseverd animalcules in…
Robert Hooke
Obseved cork and named cells.
70 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Biology final review 1
Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, class, order,…
Eukaryotic
Prokaryotic
No
what is the Linnaean classification system for organisms?
which type of cell has a membrane bound nucleus
which type of cells do not have a membrane bound nucleus
are viruses, viroids, and prions considered to be living orga…
Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, class, order,…
what is the Linnaean classification system for organisms?
Eukaryotic
which type of cell has a membrane bound nucleus
7 termscreated on December 4, 2016
phagocytosis
lung defence
stomach defence
what is a phagocyte
stages of phagocytosis
cilia cells bring up mucus, epithelia covered in mucus
high acidity- low ph so enzymes denature
a type of white blood cell that performs phagocytosis by engu…
-phagocyte recognizes foreign antigen... -cytoplasm of phagocyte…
lung defence
cilia cells bring up mucus, epithelia covered in mucus
stomach defence
high acidity- low ph so enzymes denature
37 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Biology test
Carbohydrates
Protein
Lipid
Fibre
Short term energy supply
Cell function, growth and repair of cells and tissues
Long term energy storage and supply
To keep the digestive system healthy and prevent constipatiom
Carbohydrates
Short term energy supply
Protein
Cell function, growth and repair of cells and tissues
27 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Chapter 7 vocab Bio
Accessory pigment
ATP Synthase
Bundle sheath cells
C3 pathway
a colored molecule, other than chlorophyll a, that absorbs li…
a channel protein in the thylakoid membranes of chloroplasts…
cells that surround the veins of plants; in C_4 (but not in C…
in photosynthesis, the cyclic series of reactions whereby car…
Accessory pigment
a colored molecule, other than chlorophyll a, that absorbs li…
ATP Synthase
a channel protein in the thylakoid membranes of chloroplasts…
37 termscreated on December 4, 2016
9 Introduction to Cells
Cell Theory
What biological structures challenge t…
Striated muscle
Giant algae (Acetabularia)
- The cell is the basic unit of life... - All living things are…
Striated muscle, giant algae, fungal hyphae and red blood cel…
- Typical, surround like a membrane, formed by the devision o…
- Typical, consist of one microscopic cell. Have genetic mate…
Cell Theory
- The cell is the basic unit of life... - All living things are…
What biological structures challenge t…
Striated muscle, giant algae, fungal hyphae and red blood cel…
22 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Respiratory system
5 activites of the respiratory process
Upper respiratory tract contains and w…
Regions of the pharynx
Pharyngeal tonsils
ventilation, external respiration, transport gases, internal…
Nose, pharynx, larynx. Warms air, moistens air, and filters
Nasopharynx, oropharynx, laryngopharynx
wall of the nasopharynx
5 activites of the respiratory process
ventilation, external respiration, transport gases, internal…
Upper respiratory tract contains and w…
Nose, pharynx, larynx. Warms air, moistens air, and filters
100 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Biology Chapter 4
carbohydrates and lipids
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
ATP
nitrogen base, 5 ribose, and 3 triphos…
what are the most important energy sources in the foods you e…
All cells use what chemical energy called
a molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food m…
What does ATP break into?
carbohydrates and lipids
what are the most important energy sources in the foods you e…
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
All cells use what chemical energy called
12 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Membranes
What is the basis of every membrane of…
What type of proteins do membranes con…
Do membranes contain carbohydrates?
Where do these carbohydrates latch on…
A bilayer of phospholipids
Transport proteins
Yes
Proteins and lipids in the endoplasmic reticulum and golgi ap…
What is the basis of every membrane of…
A bilayer of phospholipids
What type of proteins do membranes con…
Transport proteins
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