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Study sets matching "biology cellular molecular"

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Study sets matching "biology cellular molecular"

322 terms
Molecular & Cellular Biology - Review
H2, O2
ionic
hydrophobic
basic
Which of the following would have NONPOLAR covalent bonds? Ch…
A(n) ______ bond is one in which one atom transfers one elect…
Water, being a polar molecule, is attracted to other polar mo…
The pH scale measures how acidic or _______ a substance is on…
H2, O2
Which of the following would have NONPOLAR covalent bonds? Ch…
ionic
A(n) ______ bond is one in which one atom transfers one elect…
215 terms
Molecular and Cellular Biology: Praxis
Nucleus
Proton
Neutron
Electrons
central region of atom that makes up the bulk mass
positively charged atomic particle
atomic particle with no charge
tiny, negatively charged particles that balance out the protons
Nucleus
central region of atom that makes up the bulk mass
Proton
positively charged atomic particle
47 terms
Cellular and Molecular Biology
Cell Cycle
Parts of the Cell
Interphase
G1 phase
Cycle of growth and asexual reproduction of a cell... Stages:... 1.…
Nucleus... Plasma Membrane... Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)... Ribosomes…
Consists of G1 phase, S phase (synthesis), and G2 phase
Goes from the end of previous mitosis through the beginning o…
Cell Cycle
Cycle of growth and asexual reproduction of a cell... Stages:... 1.…
Parts of the Cell
Nucleus... Plasma Membrane... Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)... Ribosomes…
92 terms
Molecular and Cellular Biology Exam: 1
The levels of organization of multicel…
What is an emergent property
5 kingdoms
3 Domains
The Cell: Basic Unit of Life... Tissue: A collection of cells... Or…
A property thet a collection or complex system has, but the i…
Fungi, Plantae, Animalia, Protists
Archea, Bacteria, and Eukaryotic
The levels of organization of multicel…
The Cell: Basic Unit of Life... Tissue: A collection of cells... Or…
What is an emergent property
A property thet a collection or complex system has, but the i…
51 terms
Biology CLEP - Molecular and Cellular Biology
Carbohydrates
1 Molecule Carbohydrate
2 Molecule Carbohydrate
3+ Molecule Carbohydrate
Made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
Monosaccharide
Disaccharide
Polysaccharide
Carbohydrates
Made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
1 Molecule Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
17 terms
Molecular and cellular Biology
Chemistry
Atomic number
Element
Elements have...?
the study of matter
the number of protons found in the nucleus
the basic substrate of matter, the simplest unit
a nucleus that contains a unique number of protons and neutrons
Chemistry
the study of matter
Atomic number
the number of protons found in the nucleus
17 terms
Molecular and cellular Biology
Chemistry
Atomic number
Element
Elements have...?
the study of matter
the number of protons found in the nucleus
the basic substrate of matter, the simplest unit
a nucleus that contains a unique number of protons and neutrons
Chemistry
the study of matter
Atomic number
the number of protons found in the nucleus
127 terms
Cellular and Molecular Biology
The Cell
Organism
Light Microscope
Antonio van Leeuwenhoek
The smallest and most basic unit of living things
A living thing
Invented in the mid 1600s that allowed scientist to observe a…
Observed tiny organisms using a light microscope.
The Cell
The smallest and most basic unit of living things
Organism
A living thing
239 terms
Molecular and Cellular Biology
Atoms
Neutron
Proton
Electron
All living things and other matter are composed of
Part of an atom with neutral charge
Part of an atom with positive charge
Part of an atom with negative charge
Atoms
All living things and other matter are composed of
Neutron
Part of an atom with neutral charge
65 terms
Cellular and Molecular Biology
6 Properties of Water
Mole
Acid
Base
1. Polar covalent- it has a positively charged side and a neg…
6 X 10^23 of a substance. Concentration is measured by molarity
proton donor
proton acceptor; a substance that reduces (removes) the hydro…
6 Properties of Water
1. Polar covalent- it has a positively charged side and a neg…
Mole
6 X 10^23 of a substance. Concentration is measured by molarity
22 terms
biology: Molecular and Cellular 4
DNA
RNA
Messenger RNA
Ribosomal RNA
Phosphate group - Deoxyribose - nitrogen base. Its a double h…
Phosphate group - ribose - nitrogen bases. single stranded. b…
Carries instructions from polypeptide synthesis from nucleus…
Forms an important part of both subunits of the ribosome.
DNA
Phosphate group - Deoxyribose - nitrogen base. Its a double h…
RNA
Phosphate group - ribose - nitrogen bases. single stranded. b…
Molecular and Cellular Biology: Enzymes
The Laws of Thermodynamics
energy
chemical reaction
exergonic reaction
Energy has been expressed in terms of reliable observations k…
Physicists define energy as the ability to do work; in this c…
To initiate a chemical reaction, a type of "spark," referred…
Any chemical reaction in which energy is released... the produc…
The Laws of Thermodynamics
Energy has been expressed in terms of reliable observations k…
energy
Physicists define energy as the ability to do work; in this c…
215 terms
Molecular and Cellular Biology: Praxis
Nucleus
Proton
Neutron
Electrons
central region of atom that makes up the bulk mass
positively charged atomic particle
atomic particle with no charge
tiny, negatively charged particles that balance out the protons
Nucleus
central region of atom that makes up the bulk mass
Proton
positively charged atomic particle
293 terms
Applied Cellular and Molecular Biology
What is Life?
Three key features of life
Development of Genetic Information
Miller-Urey Experiment
A self-sustaining chemical system capable of Darwinian Evolut…
Genetic Information... Regulation (Membranes)... Metabolism
Simple Chemistry... Nucleic Acids... Replication... Accurate Replicati…
Experiment that simulated early Earth's atmosphere. Discovere…
What is Life?
A self-sustaining chemical system capable of Darwinian Evolut…
Three key features of life
Genetic Information... Regulation (Membranes)... Metabolism
8 terms
Molecular & Cellular Biology - Part 5
Pairs of similar chromosomes are calle…
Cells that reproduce by mitosis give r…
Meiosis
Homologous chromosomes
homologous chromosomes. Homologous chromosomes, sometimes cal…
meiosis give rise to haploid cells. Meiosis is a different ki…
A form of cell division happening in sexually reproducing org…
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes, that have t…
Pairs of similar chromosomes are calle…
homologous chromosomes. Homologous chromosomes, sometimes cal…
Cells that reproduce by mitosis give r…
meiosis give rise to haploid cells. Meiosis is a different ki…
25 terms
Molecular and Cellular Biology
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
basic units of life
(biology) the theory that cells form the fundamental structur…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
A membrane-bound organelle in the cell that contains DNA.
cell
basic units of life
cell theory
(biology) the theory that cells form the fundamental structur…
Molecular and Cellular Biology: Cells
Cells
organs
Organ Systems
Robert Hooke
One of the basic tenets of biology is that all living things…
One of the first scientists to observe cells was Englishman R…
Cells
One of the basic tenets of biology is that all living things…
organs
56 terms
Cellular and Molecular Biology Test 1
Hydrogen Bond
Nonpolar covalent bond
Polar covalent bond
Ionic Bond
The bond responsible for cohesion and adhesion of water molec…
The bond between two oxygen atoms in O2
The bond between H and O atoms within one molecule of water.
The bond between elements with very different electronegativi…
Hydrogen Bond
The bond responsible for cohesion and adhesion of water molec…
Nonpolar covalent bond
The bond between two oxygen atoms in O2
322 terms
Molecular & Cellular Biology - Review
H2, O2
ionic
hydrophobic
basic
Which of the following would have NONPOLAR covalent bonds? Ch…
A(n) ______ bond is one in which one atom transfers one elect…
Water, being a polar molecule, is attracted to other polar mo…
The pH scale measures how acidic or _______ a substance is on…
H2, O2
Which of the following would have NONPOLAR covalent bonds? Ch…
ionic
A(n) ______ bond is one in which one atom transfers one elect…
75 terms
Cellular and Molecular Biology
electrons, protons, neutrons
nucleus
outside nucleus
neutral because the number of protons…
What are the 3 subatomic particles that the atom consists of?
what is the location of protons and neutrons?
what is the location of electrons?
what is the charge of an atom in the elemental state?
electrons, protons, neutrons
What are the 3 subatomic particles that the atom consists of?
nucleus
what is the location of protons and neutrons?
9 terms
Cellular & Molecular Biology
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
single-celled organism in which the genetic material is not s…
well-organised nucleus
- contains genetic material (nuclear DNA)... - surrounded by pla…
- gell like substance that contains the cell's organelles tha…
Prokaryotic
single-celled organism in which the genetic material is not s…
Eukaryotic
well-organised nucleus
26 terms
Molecular/Cellular Biology
genomes
genes
coding sequence
noncoding sequence
the haploid set of chromosomes in each cell of an organism
a distinct sequence of nucleotides that are transcribed into…
the region of DNA containing exons that code for protein
a sequence of an organisms DNA which do not code for an RNA
genomes
the haploid set of chromosomes in each cell of an organism
genes
a distinct sequence of nucleotides that are transcribed into…
119 terms
Molecular and Cellular Biology
Elements
Atom
Nucleus
Atomic Number
Basic substances that make up matter
Simplest unit of an element
An atom's central core, containing protons and neutrons
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom, unique for e…
Elements
Basic substances that make up matter
Atom
Simplest unit of an element
120 terms
Clep biology - Cellular and molecular biology
Cell
Antoibe van Leeuwenhoek
Robert Hooke
Cell theory
The smallest and most basic unit of structure for all living…
First observer of cells under the microscope... Constructed fir…
The first scientist to use the term "cells". ... The first to d…
(Matthias Schleiden and Theodor Schwann)... 1. All living thing…
Cell
The smallest and most basic unit of structure for all living…
Antoibe van Leeuwenhoek
First observer of cells under the microscope... Constructed fir…
51 terms
Cellular and Molecular Biology
Eukaryotic cells are bigger and more e…
Another organelle found in essentially…
In contrast, the _________ is a type o…
If we were to strip away the plasma me…
nucleus
mitochondria
chloroplast
cytosol, cytoskeleton
Eukaryotic cells are bigger and more e…
nucleus
Another organelle found in essentially…
mitochondria
85 terms
Cellular and Molecular Biology Vocabulary
amphipathic
bacteriorhodopsin
carbohydrate layer
cholesterol
Having both hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions, as in a phos…
Pigmented protein found in the plasma membrane of a salt-lovi…
A layer of sugar residues, including the polysaccharide porti…
Lipid molecule with a characteristic four ringed steroid stru…
amphipathic
Having both hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions, as in a phos…
bacteriorhodopsin
Pigmented protein found in the plasma membrane of a salt-lovi…
32 terms
Molecular & Cellular Biology
monomer
polymer
dehydration reaction
hydrolysis
building blocks of polymers
monomers linked by covalent bonds via dehydration rxns
covalently binds two molecules, with the loss of a water mole…
breaks down a polymer by adding H2O
monomer
building blocks of polymers
polymer
monomers linked by covalent bonds via dehydration rxns
319 terms
CLEP Biology Prep Molecular and Cellular
atom
atomic numBER
isotope
mass number
particle that is a fundamental building block of all matter
# of protons in the atomic nucleus
forms of an element that differ in the number of neutrons the…
total number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of an ele…
atom
particle that is a fundamental building block of all matter
atomic numBER
# of protons in the atomic nucleus
49 terms
Cellular and molecular Biology
ATP
The source of ____________for cellular…
Where does glycolysis occur?
Glycolysis is the _______________catab…
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
energy
in cytoplasm
anaerobic
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
The source of ____________for cellular…
energy
215 terms
Molecular and Cellular Biology 2
Nucleus
Proton
Neutron
Electrons
central region of atom that makes up the bulk mass
positively charged atomic particle
atomic particle with no charge
tiny, negatively charged particles that balance out the protons
Nucleus
central region of atom that makes up the bulk mass
Proton
positively charged atomic particle
239 terms
Molecular and Cellular Biology 1
Atoms
Neutron
Proton
Electron
All living things and other matter are composed of
Part of an atom with neutral charge
Part of an atom with positive charge
Part of an atom with negative charge
Atoms
All living things and other matter are composed of
Neutron
Part of an atom with neutral charge
55 terms
Biology terms: Molecular/cellular
Atom
What is the cell theory?
Electron
Proton
The basic unit of matter
1. All living things are made of cells... 2. Cells are the basic…
A negatively charged particle
A positively charged particle
Atom
The basic unit of matter
What is the cell theory?
1. All living things are made of cells... 2. Cells are the basic…
47 terms
Cellular and Molecular Biology
What is Cell Theory?
What are the two main types of cells?
What are Prokaryotic cells?
What are Eukaryotic cells?
1. All living things are made up of one or more cells... 2. Cell…
Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic
Cells that have no nucleus or any other membrane-bound intern…
Cells that have membrane-bound organelles. DNA is organized i…
What is Cell Theory?
1. All living things are made up of one or more cells... 2. Cell…
What are the two main types of cells?
Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic
163 terms
Chapter 2 - Molecular and Cellular Biology
Chemistry
Matter
Elements
Atomic Number
The study of matter as it changes
Anything that takes up space
The building blocks of matter and is unable to be broken down…
The number of protons found in the nucleus of an atom
Chemistry
The study of matter as it changes
Matter
Anything that takes up space
120 terms
Clep biology - Cellular and molecular biology (Part 1)
Cell
Antoibe van Leeuwenhoek
Robert Hooke
Cell theory
The smallest and most basic unit of structure for all living…
First observer of cells under the microscope... Constructed fir…
The first scientist to use the term "cells". ... The first to d…
(Matthias Schleiden and Theodor Schwann)... 1. All living thing…
Cell
The smallest and most basic unit of structure for all living…
Antoibe van Leeuwenhoek
First observer of cells under the microscope... Constructed fir…
70 terms
SAT Biology: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Saturated Fats
Unsaturated Fats
Lipid Functions
Proteins
mostly come from animals... solid at room temperature... contain on…
extracted from plants... liquid at room temperature... have at leas…
energy storage... structural: phospholipids are a major componen…
complex macromolecules responsible for growth and repair
Saturated Fats
mostly come from animals... solid at room temperature... contain on…
Unsaturated Fats
extracted from plants... liquid at room temperature... have at leas…
176 terms
Molecular & Cellular Biology - Clep
Electronegativity
Isotopes
ionic Bonds
covalent Bonds
ability to attract electrons
variants of a particular chemical element... protons/electrons…
electrons transferred (NaCl), high electronegativity between…
electrons shared
Electronegativity
ability to attract electrons
Isotopes
variants of a particular chemical element... protons/electrons…
8 terms
Cellular and Molecular Biology Quiz 7
DNA Polymerase III
Helicase
Primase
DNA Polymerase I
Makes DNA
Enzyme that unwinds DNA
Makes RNA Primer
Replaces RNA with DNA
DNA Polymerase III
Makes DNA
Helicase
Enzyme that unwinds DNA
22 terms
Molecular and Cellular Biology - Part 6
DNA is read from 3' to 5' so that it c…
During transcription, an enzyme called…
Electrophoresis
There are three types of RNA:
Okazaki fragments. ... Scientists Reiji and Tsuneko Okazaki were…
RNA polymerase. ... RNA and DNA polymerase are similar. They bot…
A process where DNA fragments are separated according to size…
mRNA: messenger RNA... rRNA: ribosomal RNA... tRNA: transfer RNA
DNA is read from 3' to 5' so that it c…
Okazaki fragments. ... Scientists Reiji and Tsuneko Okazaki were…
During transcription, an enzyme called…
RNA polymerase. ... RNA and DNA polymerase are similar. They bot…
37 terms
Molecular and Cellular Biology Terms
Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic Cell
Cell Membrane
Structures found in plant cells but no…
cell that lacks a nucleus and membrane bound organelles; does…
cell that has a nucleus and membrane bound organelles (exampl…
also called plasma membrane; controls what goes in and out of…
cell wall, chloroplast, central vacuole
Prokaryotic Cell
cell that lacks a nucleus and membrane bound organelles; does…
Eukaryotic Cell
cell that has a nucleus and membrane bound organelles (exampl…
21 terms
Foundations of Cellular and Molecular Biology
how does our brains learn
long term memories
PQRST
metabolism
making neuron connections
We remember things overnight
Preview, Question, Read, Self-Recite, Test
all the chemical reactions that occur in the organism, tissue…
how does our brains learn
making neuron connections
long term memories
We remember things overnight
9 terms
Molecular Biology: Cellular Respiration
Water
Hydrogen Bond
Hydrophobic
Hydrophilic
H20, Solvent of life where most organic reactions take place
A bond between an H attached to an electronegative atom and a…
Water hating molecule
Water loving, bonding molecule
Water
H20, Solvent of life where most organic reactions take place
Hydrogen Bond
A bond between an H attached to an electronegative atom and a…
65 terms
Cellular and Molecular Biology
Inorganic Vs. Organic
Hydrogen Bonds, ionic bonds and charge…
Polar covalent molecule
Properties of water
Inorganic doesn't have a carbon organic does
hydrogen bonds: Same molecules polar covalently bonded with i…
Covalently bonded and therefore has a charge because one has…
1) hydrogen bonds give it a lot of cohesion and surface tensi…
Inorganic Vs. Organic
Inorganic doesn't have a carbon organic does
Hydrogen Bonds, ionic bonds and charge…
hydrogen bonds: Same molecules polar covalently bonded with i…
5 terms
Molecular and Cellular Biology- Enzymes
Enzyme-substrate complex
Roles of coenzymes
Inorganic cofactors
Inhibition
When substrate is seated in active site, the combination of 2…
Coenzymes are also known as organic cofactors. They are not m…
Also metal ions also iron, copper or zinc. Other cofactors ar…
Inhibition attaches enzymes first, cell reaction will not tak…
Enzyme-substrate complex
When substrate is seated in active site, the combination of 2…
Roles of coenzymes
Coenzymes are also known as organic cofactors. They are not m…
125 terms
Cellular and Molecular Biology
starch
cellulose
chitin
glycogen
how plants store excess glucose
makes up plant cell walls
insect exoskeletons and cell wall fungi
how animals store excess glucose in their liver
starch
how plants store excess glucose
cellulose
makes up plant cell walls
94 terms
SAT Biology (Cellular and Molecular)
Water characteristics
specific heat
high adhesion
cohesion tension
high specific heat, high heat of vaporization, high adhesion…
how much heat for 1 gram to change 1 degrees Celsius
clings to each other
transpiration, surface tension
Water characteristics
high specific heat, high heat of vaporization, high adhesion…
specific heat
how much heat for 1 gram to change 1 degrees Celsius
64 terms
Cellular and Molecular Biology Exam 2
Reduced
Chemoautotroph
Intermembrane Space
Matrix
gains an electron
obtains its energy from chemical compounds and its carbon fro…
in the electron transport chain, energy is used to pump H+ in…
Where the citric acid cycle occurs and where the majority of…
Reduced
gains an electron
Chemoautotroph
obtains its energy from chemical compounds and its carbon fro…
18 terms
Molecular and Cellular Biology of Cancer
Protooncogenes
Growth factors
Growth factor receptor
Signal transducers
Normal cellular genes that regulate cell proliferation and di…
bind to receptor and stimulate the production of protein
proteins on the cell surface wherein when growth factors bind…
responsible for taking the signal from the cell surface recep…
Protooncogenes
Normal cellular genes that regulate cell proliferation and di…
Growth factors
bind to receptor and stimulate the production of protein
59 terms
Cellular and Molecular Biology Exam 3
Histones
If Cytosine makes up 38% of the nucleo…
Interphase euchromatin
Phosphodiester linkages
In Eukaryotes, the DNA is wrapped around this protein
12%
A DNA organizational structure that contains genes that are e…
Sugar-phosphate backbone of nucleotides are joined by
Histones
In Eukaryotes, the DNA is wrapped around this protein
If Cytosine makes up 38% of the nucleo…
12%
CLEP Biology Prep Molecular and Cellular
atom
atomic numBER
isotope
mass number
particle that is a fundamental building block of all matter
# of protons in the atomic nucleus
forms of an element that differ in the number of neutrons the…
total number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of an ele…
atom
particle that is a fundamental building block of all matter
atomic numBER
# of protons in the atomic nucleus
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