Study sets matching "biology cellular respiration chapter 5"

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Study sets matching "biology cellular respiration chapter 5"

19 terms
Biology - Chapter 5 - Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Cellular Respiration
The process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
An organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
The process by which cells produce energy from carbohydrates;…
Photosynthesis
The process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
Autotroph
An organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
Cellular Respiration (Chapter 5) - BIOLOGY
Formula for Cellular Respiration
The process by which cells take energy…
Cellular Respiration -... GOAL: To genera…
The energy formed (product) from cellu…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 →Enzymes→ 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy
Cellular Respiration
Energy
ATP
Formula for Cellular Respiration
C6H12O6 + 6O2 →Enzymes→ 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy
The process by which cells take energy…
Cellular Respiration
15 terms
Biology Chapter 5: Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration occurs in
glycolysis (anaerobic)
results of glycolysis
Aerobic Stage
animal and plant cells
~first phase of respiration... ~also known as anaerobic respirat…
~2 ATP... ~2 NADH... ~2 Pyruvic Acid
*uses oxygen (from cell)... ~occurs for each pyruvate: starts of…
Cellular Respiration occurs in
animal and plant cells
glycolysis (anaerobic)
~first phase of respiration... ~also known as anaerobic respirat…
Chapter 5-3: Cellular Respiration (CP Biology)
Glycolysis
Glucose
Pyruvate
Anaerobic
What is the first stage of Cellular Respiration called?
What molecule starts glycolysis off?
What molecule does glycolysis produce?
Is Glycolosis Aerobic or Anaerobic?
Glycolysis
What is the first stage of Cellular Respiration called?
Glucose
What molecule starts glycolysis off?
45 terms
Biology Chapter 5: Cellular Respiration
cellular respiration
ATP + CO2 + H2O
cell activities
C6 H12 O6
process that releases energy from food in cells
food and ATP breaks down to what
food and ATP are the main contributors to what?
the chemical equation for glucose
cellular respiration
process that releases energy from food in cells
ATP + CO2 + H2O
food and ATP breaks down to what
Cellular Respiration (Chapter 5) - BIOLOGY
Formula for Cellular Respiration
The process by which cells take energy…
Cellular Respiration -... GOAL: To genera…
The energy formed (product) from cellu…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 →Enzymes→ 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy
Cellular Respiration
Energy
ATP
Formula for Cellular Respiration
C6H12O6 + 6O2 →Enzymes→ 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy
The process by which cells take energy…
Cellular Respiration
Biology - Chapter 5 - Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Cellular Respiration
The process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
An organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
The process by which cells produce energy from carbohydrates;…
Photosynthesis
The process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
Autotroph
An organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
6 terms
Biology Chapter 5: Cellular Respiration
What happens in Cellular Respiration?
ATP
What are the 3 stages of cell respirat…
Glycolysis
catabolic (break down) reactions produce Carbon Dioxide (CO2)…
energy carrying molecules for all biosynthesis reactions of t…
Glycolysis, Krebs, and Electron Transport Chain (ETC)
. occurs in cytosol ... .Glycolysis- 6 carbon chains of glucose…
What happens in Cellular Respiration?
catabolic (break down) reactions produce Carbon Dioxide (CO2)…
ATP
energy carrying molecules for all biosynthesis reactions of t…
(BIOLOGY)(CHAPTER 5) Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Photosynthesis
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Cellular Respiration
The process by which light energy is converted to chemical en…
Organisms that use energy from sunlight or inorganic substanc…
Organisms that get energy by consuming food.
The process by which cells harvest energy from food.
Photosynthesis
The process by which light energy is converted to chemical en…
Autotrophs
Organisms that use energy from sunlight or inorganic substanc…
Biology - Chapter 5 and 6 Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Photosynthesis
Chloroplasts
Thylakoids
Photosynthesis
converts light energy to the chemical energy of food
absorbs sunlight and uses it to drive the synthesis of organi…
A flattened membrane sac inside the chloroplast, used to conv…
The conversion of light energy to chemical energy that is sto…
Photosynthesis
converts light energy to the chemical energy of food
Chloroplasts
absorbs sunlight and uses it to drive the synthesis of organi…
19 terms
Chapter 5 Cellular Respiration Biology Honors
Cell respiration
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Glycolysis
The series of chemical reactions by which a living cell break…
Occurring or living in the presence of free or dissolved oxygen
Occurring or living in conditions without free or dissolved o…
The initial breakdown of a carbohydrate, usually glucose, int…
Cell respiration
The series of chemical reactions by which a living cell break…
Aerobic
Occurring or living in the presence of free or dissolved oxygen
22 terms
Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Chapter 5 Biology
Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Cellular Respiration
The process by which plants, algae and some bacteria use sunl…
An organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
An organism that must get energy from food insead of directly…
A metabolic process by which cells produce energy from carboh…
Photosynthesis
The process by which plants, algae and some bacteria use sunl…
Autotroph
An organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
14 terms
Chapter 5 Biology Test Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Autotrophs
ATP
Photosynthesis
Glycolysis
Organisms that make their own food, organisms that use energy…
Adenosine triphosphate; main energy source for cells, "energy…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
Autotrophs
Organisms that make their own food, organisms that use energy…
ATP
Adenosine triphosphate; main energy source for cells, "energy…
28 terms
Biology Chapter 5- Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
autotrophs
Calvin cycle
a process that requires oxygen, large amount of ATP produced
a process that does not require oxygen
organisms that use energy from sunlight or inorganic organic…
a series of enzyme-assisted chemical reactions that produces…
aerobic
a process that requires oxygen, large amount of ATP produced
anaerobic
a process that does not require oxygen
Chapter 5: Cellular Respiration
anaerobic respiration
Glycolysis
Finishing step fro anaerobic respiration
Bacterial Fermentation
-no oxygen required... -takes place in cytoplasm... -used mainly by…
-occurs in cytoplasm... -used in both anaerobic and aerobic resp…
converts pyruvate to ethanol or lactic acid which causes sore…
forms acetic acid or vinegar
anaerobic respiration
-no oxygen required... -takes place in cytoplasm... -used mainly by…
Glycolysis
-occurs in cytoplasm... -used in both anaerobic and aerobic resp…
14 terms
Biology honors chapter 5: cellular respiration
What is cellular respiration?
What is the point of cellular respirat…
What happens during cellular respirati…
What is the difference between cellula…
It is a decomposition pathway that provides energy (ATP is ma…
the point of cellular respiration is to make more ATP
- energy is released from the breakdown of sugar... - sugars are…
cellular respiration is the breakdown of sugars, breathing is…
What is cellular respiration?
It is a decomposition pathway that provides energy (ATP is ma…
What is the point of cellular respirat…
the point of cellular respiration is to make more ATP
12 terms
Chapter 5-Cellular Respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
glycolysis
NADH
describes a process that requires oxygen
describes a process that does not require oxygen
the anaerobic breakdown of glucose pyretic acid, which makes…
electron carrier during glycolysis
aerobic
describes a process that requires oxygen
anaerobic
describes a process that does not require oxygen
30 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5 Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis occurs here in the cell
Glycolysis alone is this type of bioch…
3 carbon compound produced when glucos…
Coenzyme that is reduced during glycol…
cytoplasm
anaerobic
pyruvic acid
NAD+
Glycolysis occurs here in the cell
cytoplasm
Glycolysis alone is this type of bioch…
anaerobic
Essential Biology Chapter 5 "cellular respiration"
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Cellular Respiration
Aerobic
organisms that use sunlight energy for pro-... ducing organic mo…
organisms that obtain energy as organic... molecules from other…
aerobic process in which energy... (ATP) is obtained from food m…
Process that requires oxygen
Autotrophs
organisms that use sunlight energy for pro-... ducing organic mo…
Heterotrophs
organisms that obtain energy as organic... molecules from other…
32 terms
STG Biology - Chapter 5 - Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Anaerobic respiration
Glycolysis
Oxidation
____________ is a series of chemical reactions that frees the…
Respiration occurring without oxygen.
_____________ is the first series of chemical reactions in ce…
____________ is chemically defined as the loss of an electron…
Cellular Respiration
____________ is a series of chemical reactions that frees the…
Anaerobic respiration
Respiration occurring without oxygen.
21 terms
Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Chapter 5 Biology
Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Cellular Respiration
The process by which plants, algae and some bacteria use sunl…
An organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
An organism that must get energy from food insead of directly…
A metabolic process by which cells produce energy from carboh…
Photosynthesis
The process by which plants, algae and some bacteria use sunl…
Autotroph
An organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
22 terms
Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Chapter 5 Biology
Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Cellular Respiration
The process by which plants, algae and some bacteria use sunl…
An organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
An organism that must get energy from food insead of directly…
A metabolic process by which cells produce energy from carboh…
Photosynthesis
The process by which plants, algae and some bacteria use sunl…
Autotroph
An organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
22 terms
Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Chapter 5 Biology
Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Cellular Respiration
The process by which plants, algae and some bacteria use sunl…
An organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
An organism that must get energy from food insead of directly…
A metabolic process by which cells produce energy from carboh…
Photosynthesis
The process by which plants, algae and some bacteria use sunl…
Autotroph
An organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
54 terms
Chapter 5 Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
What form does the energy come in?
What does ATP stand for?
What does hydrolyze mean?
A series of chemical reactions that occur in a cell to produc…
Molecule as ATP
Adenosine triphosphate
Break
Cellular Respiration
A series of chemical reactions that occur in a cell to produc…
What form does the energy come in?
Molecule as ATP
19 terms
Biology 1: Chapter 5, Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
photosynthesis(ing)
cellular respiration
producers
consumers
CO2+H2O+sunlight=carbohydrates+O2
carbohydrates+O2=CO2+H2O+energy
autotrophs
heterotrophs, eat energy in carbon compounds
photosynthesis(ing)
CO2+H2O+sunlight=carbohydrates+O2
cellular respiration
carbohydrates+O2=CO2+H2O+energy
40 terms
Biology 30 Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration (Chapter 5)
Peroxisome
Central Vacuole
Chloroplast
Cell Wall
A membrane-bound vesicle containing enzymes that convert fatt…
A very large membrane-bound, fluid-filled storage Sac that gi…
A plastid (organelle used to synthesize or store food) that g…
A rigid structure surrounding the cell membrane that protects…
Peroxisome
A membrane-bound vesicle containing enzymes that convert fatt…
Central Vacuole
A very large membrane-bound, fluid-filled storage Sac that gi…
38 terms
Biology Chapter 5: Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Photosynthetic organisms get energy fr…
Which of the following correctly seque…
ATP molecules... a. produce NADPH... b. cont…
In glycolysis... a. aerobic processes occ…
B. Light
C. Sun, grass, rabbit, fox
C. Can both store energy and provide it for metabolic reactions
B. Four ATP molecules are produced
Photosynthetic organisms get energy fr…
B. Light
Which of the following correctly seque…
C. Sun, grass, rabbit, fox
Chapter 5-Cellular Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration (detailed)
Glycolysis
requires oxygen... occurs in most cells... high energy released (36…
without oxygen; the process uses a respiratory electron trans…
Takes place in cytoplasm, used by bacteria and yeast (simple)…
Starts with glucose... Ends with 2 pyruvic acids... Also makes 2 AT…
Aerobic Respiration
requires oxygen... occurs in most cells... high energy released (36…
Anaerobic Respiration
without oxygen; the process uses a respiratory electron trans…
32 terms
Biology: Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
equation for cellular respiration
NAD+ (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide)
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
oxygen + glucose ---> carbon dioxide + water + energy
Electron carrier involved in glycolysis.
calorie
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
glycolysis
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
53 terms
Chapter 5 Biology: Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
True
True
False
False
Heterotrophs obtain the chemical energy used in metabolism fr…
All organisms require energy to carry out life processes.... Tru…
Heterotrophic organisms use light energy to make organic comp…
Some of the energy in sunlight is captured and used to make i…
True
Heterotrophs obtain the chemical energy used in metabolism fr…
True
All organisms require energy to carry out life processes.... Tru…
Chapter 5- Cellular Respiration
Aerobic
Anaerobic
ATP Synthase
Cellular Respiration
a process requiring oxygen
a process that does not require oxygen
a protein structure found in the ETC that uses energy from H+…
aerobic harvesting of chemical energy from organic fuel molec…
Aerobic
a process requiring oxygen
Anaerobic
a process that does not require oxygen
59 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Photosynthesis/ Cellular Respiration
All energy needed for metabolism in li…
___ involves either using energy to bu…
What is the process by which light ene…
What are organisms that use energy fro…
sun
metabolism
Photosynthesis
autotrophs
All energy needed for metabolism in li…
sun
___ involves either using energy to bu…
metabolism
Chapter 5: Cellular Respiration
glycolysis
cellular respiration
NAD+
NADH
the process in which one molecule of glucose is broken in hal…
process releases energy by breaking down glucose (other food…
an electron carrier that accepts a pair of high-energy electr…
the molecule NAD+ is converted to, holds the electrons until…
glycolysis
the process in which one molecule of glucose is broken in hal…
cellular respiration
process releases energy by breaking down glucose (other food…
Chapter 5 Cellular Respiration
Anarobic respiration
Where does anarobic respiration take p…
Equation for anarobic respiration
Steps of anarobic respiration
respiration without oxygen
in the cytoplasm
C6H12O6-->2Co2+2CH5OH+2ATP... Glucose-->2 carbon dioxide+2 achol…
glycolysis... finishing step
Anarobic respiration
respiration without oxygen
Where does anarobic respiration take p…
in the cytoplasm
31 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 9 (cellular respiration)
fermentation
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
oxidation
anaerobic process that produces little ATP, includes glycolys…
catabolic pathway which requires oxygen and occurs in cytopla…
catabolic pathway which does not require oxygen and occurs on…
loss of electrons from atoms of a substance
fermentation
anaerobic process that produces little ATP, includes glycolys…
aerobic respiration
catabolic pathway which requires oxygen and occurs in cytopla…
19 terms
Cellular Respiration Chapter 5
adenosine triphosphate ATP
hydrolyze
adenosine diphosphate ADP
cellular respiration
molecule of adenosine bonded to three phosphates with the thi…
cells break the bond between the second and third phosphate o…
adenosine with only two phosphates bonded to it
breakdown of glucose to release energy glucose+oxygen = carbo…
adenosine triphosphate ATP
molecule of adenosine bonded to three phosphates with the thi…
hydrolyze
cells break the bond between the second and third phosphate o…
16 terms
Cellular Respiration Chapter 5
cellular respiration
ATP/adenosine triphosphate
hydrolyze
ADP/adenosine diphosphate
a series of chemical reactions that occur in a cell, the brea…
the form cellular energy comes in; adenosine bonded to three…
when the cell breaks the bond between the second an third pho…
the remains after ATP is hydrolyzed (along w one phosphate mo…
cellular respiration
a series of chemical reactions that occur in a cell, the brea…
ATP/adenosine triphosphate
the form cellular energy comes in; adenosine bonded to three…
20 terms
Chapter 5: Cellular Respiration
adenosine triphosphate
hydrolyze
adenosine diphosphate
electron carriers
ATP, energy
break down a compound by introduction of water
ADP, ATP minus a phosphate
specialized molecules for carrying electrons
adenosine triphosphate
ATP, energy
hydrolyze
break down a compound by introduction of water
Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
calorie
cellular respiration
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
respiration process that requires oxygen
respiration process that does not require oxygen
calorie
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
cellular respiration
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
12 terms
Chapter 5: Cellular Respiration
What does ATP stand for?
What happens to ATP when energy is req…
What is the cellular respiration equat…
Draw out the ins and outs of cell resp…
Adenosine triphosphate (adenine bonded to 3 phosphate molecul…
The cell will hydrolyze (break) the bond between the second a…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 = 6CO2 + 6H2O ... ADP + P = ATP... (exergonic)
Event: Glycolysis | Location: cytoplasm | Substrates: Glucose…
What does ATP stand for?
Adenosine triphosphate (adenine bonded to 3 phosphate molecul…
What happens to ATP when energy is req…
The cell will hydrolyze (break) the bond between the second a…
Chapter 5 Cellular Respiration
cellular enegry
when energy is required for some proce…
the remains of ATP after it hydrolyzes
the special molecules that store elect…
adenine triphosphate
hydrolyze
adenosine diphosphate
electron carriers
cellular enegry
adenine triphosphate
when energy is required for some proce…
hydrolyze
Biology Chapter 5 Photosynthesis/ Cellular Respiration
All energy needed for metabolism in li…
___ involves either using energy to bu…
What is the process by which light ene…
What are organisms that use energy fro…
sun
metabolism
Photosynthesis
autotrophs
All energy needed for metabolism in li…
sun
___ involves either using energy to bu…
metabolism
30 terms
SAT Biology: Chapter 5 - Cellular Respiration
What is cellular respiration?
ATP
What process breaks the bonds between…
ADP
a series of chemical reactions that occur to produce energy f…
adenosine triphosphate
hydrolysis
adenosine diphosphate; ATP after hydrolysis
What is cellular respiration?
a series of chemical reactions that occur to produce energy f…
ATP
adenosine triphosphate
Chapter 5: Cellular Respiration
Which process uses carbon skeletons?
Which process releases carbon skeletons?
Which hydrogen acceptors are formed in…
Which one carries hydrogen to make ATP…
Biosynthesis
Decomposition
NADH and FADH2
NADH and FADH2
Which process uses carbon skeletons?
Biosynthesis
Which process releases carbon skeletons?
Decomposition
Barron's AP Biology Chapter 5 Cellular Respiration
________________ is the means by which…
_____________ is the ten-step, anaerob…
Glycolysis produces ______ NADH
The first three steps of glycolysis ar…
Cellular respiration
Glycolysis
2
endothermic
________________ is the means by which…
Cellular respiration
_____________ is the ten-step, anaerob…
Glycolysis
38 terms
Chapter 5: Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration
What process produces more ATP in a ce…
Example of energy moving through a foo…
What kind of compound is made when ene…
What is the energy currency of a cell?
cellular respiration
grass --> rabbit --> fox
Organic-Glucose
ATP
What process produces more ATP in a ce…
cellular respiration
Example of energy moving through a foo…
grass --> rabbit --> fox
15 terms
Chapter 5: Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration
describes a process that requires oxygen
describes a process that does not requ…
an organism that produces its own nutr…
a membrane system found within chlorop…
aerobic
anaerobic
autotroph
thylakoid
describes a process that requires oxygen
aerobic
describes a process that does not requ…
anaerobic
50 terms
Chapter 5: Cellular Respiration
2 ways ATP is made in CR
substrate level phosphorylation
oxidative phosphorylation
steps to convert glucose to ATP
- substrate level phosphorylation... -oxidative phosphorylation
-phosphate is given from a substrate to ADP to form ATP... -anae…
-oxidation of a high energy electron carrier (coenzymes NADH…
-glycolysis... -Krebs cycle... -oxidative phosphorylation
2 ways ATP is made in CR
- substrate level phosphorylation... -oxidative phosphorylation
substrate level phosphorylation
-phosphate is given from a substrate to ADP to form ATP... -anae…
Chapter 5 Cellular Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Fermentation
Anaerobic Respiration Products
Respiration with air (O2)
Respiration with little to no air. ... Takes place in the cytopl…
a metabolic process that converts sugar to acids, gases or al…
Humans- Lactic Acid... Yeast- Ethanol... Bacteria- Vinegar
Aerobic Respiration
Respiration with air (O2)
Anaerobic Respiration
Respiration with little to no air. ... Takes place in the cytopl…
18 terms
Biology: Chapter 5 Quiz (Stages of Cellular Respiration)
cellular respiration
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
glucose
series of reactions that release energy from the breakdown of…
cellular respiration that is used with the presence of oxygen
Cellular respiration that is used without the presence of oxy…
C6 H12 O6
cellular respiration
series of reactions that release energy from the breakdown of…
aerobic respiration
cellular respiration that is used with the presence of oxygen
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