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Study sets matching "biology cellular respiration chapter 5"

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Study sets matching "biology cellular respiration chapter 5"

19 terms
Biology - Chapter 5 - Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Cellular Respiration
The process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
An organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
The process by which cells produce energy from carbohydrates;…
Photosynthesis
The process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
Autotroph
An organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
59 terms
Cellular Respiration (Chapter 5) - BIOLOGY
Formula for Cellular Respiration
The process by which cells take energy…
Cellular Respiration -... GOAL: To genera…
The energy formed (product) from cellu…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 →Enzymes→ 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy
Cellular Respiration
Energy
ATP
Formula for Cellular Respiration
C6H12O6 + 6O2 →Enzymes→ 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy
The process by which cells take energy…
Cellular Respiration
Chapter 5-3: Cellular Respiration (CP Biology)
Glycolysis
Glucose
Pyruvate
Anaerobic
What is the first stage of Cellular Respiration called?
What molecule starts glycolysis off?
What molecule does glycolysis produce?
Is Glycolosis Aerobic or Anaerobic?
Glycolysis
What is the first stage of Cellular Respiration called?
Glucose
What molecule starts glycolysis off?
15 terms
Biology Chapter 5: Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration occurs in
glycolysis (anaerobic)
results of glycolysis
Aerobic Stage
animal and plant cells
~first phase of respiration... ~also known as anaerobic respirat…
~2 ATP... ~2 NADH... ~2 Pyruvic Acid
*uses oxygen (from cell)... ~occurs for each pyruvate: starts of…
Cellular Respiration occurs in
animal and plant cells
glycolysis (anaerobic)
~first phase of respiration... ~also known as anaerobic respirat…
45 terms
Biology Chapter 5: Cellular Respiration
cellular respiration
ATP + CO2 + H2O
cell activities
C6 H12 O6
process that releases energy from food in cells
food and ATP breaks down to what
food and ATP are the main contributors to what?
the chemical equation for glucose
cellular respiration
process that releases energy from food in cells
ATP + CO2 + H2O
food and ATP breaks down to what
19 terms
Biology - Chapter 5 - Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Cellular Respiration
The process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
An organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
The process by which cells produce energy from carbohydrates;…
Photosynthesis
The process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
Autotroph
An organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
59 terms
Cellular Respiration (Chapter 5) - BIOLOGY
Formula for Cellular Respiration
The process by which cells take energy…
Cellular Respiration -... GOAL: To genera…
The energy formed (product) from cellu…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 →Enzymes→ 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy
Cellular Respiration
Energy
ATP
Formula for Cellular Respiration
C6H12O6 + 6O2 →Enzymes→ 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy
The process by which cells take energy…
Cellular Respiration
127 terms
Biology - Chapter 5 and 6 Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Photosynthesis
Chloroplasts
Thylakoids
Photosynthesis
converts light energy to the chemical energy of food
absorbs sunlight and uses it to drive the synthesis of organi…
A flattened membrane sac inside the chloroplast, used to conv…
The conversion of light energy to chemical energy that is sto…
Photosynthesis
converts light energy to the chemical energy of food
Chloroplasts
absorbs sunlight and uses it to drive the synthesis of organi…
14 terms
Chapter 5 Biology Test Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Autotrophs
ATP
Photosynthesis
Glycolysis
Organisms that make their own food, organisms that use energy…
Adenosine triphosphate; main energy source for cells, "energy…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
Autotrophs
Organisms that make their own food, organisms that use energy…
ATP
Adenosine triphosphate; main energy source for cells, "energy…
20 terms
Essential Biology Chapter 5 "cellular respiration"
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Cellular Respiration
Aerobic
organisms that use sunlight energy for pro-... ducing organic mo…
organisms that obtain energy as organic... molecules from other…
aerobic process in which energy... (ATP) is obtained from food m…
Process that requires oxygen
Autotrophs
organisms that use sunlight energy for pro-... ducing organic mo…
Heterotrophs
organisms that obtain energy as organic... molecules from other…
19 terms
Chapter 5 Cellular Respiration Biology Honors
Cell respiration
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Glycolysis
The series of chemical reactions by which a living cell break…
Occurring or living in the presence of free or dissolved oxygen
Occurring or living in conditions without free or dissolved o…
The initial breakdown of a carbohydrate, usually glucose, int…
Cell respiration
The series of chemical reactions by which a living cell break…
Aerobic
Occurring or living in the presence of free or dissolved oxygen
22 terms
Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Chapter 5 Biology
Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Cellular Respiration
The process by which plants, algae and some bacteria use sunl…
An organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
An organism that must get energy from food insead of directly…
A metabolic process by which cells produce energy from carboh…
Photosynthesis
The process by which plants, algae and some bacteria use sunl…
Autotroph
An organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
19 terms
Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Chapter 5 Biology
Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Cellular Respiration
The process by which plants, algae and some bacteria use sunl…
An organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
An organism that must get energy from food insead of directly…
A metabolic process by which cells produce energy from carboh…
Photosynthesis
The process by which plants, algae and some bacteria use sunl…
Autotroph
An organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
14 terms
Biology honors chapter 5: cellular respiration
What is cellular respiration?
What is the point of cellular respirat…
What happens during cellular respirati…
What is the difference between cellula…
It is a decomposition pathway that provides energy (ATP is ma…
the point of cellular respiration is to make more ATP
- energy is released from the breakdown of sugar... - sugars are…
cellular respiration is the breakdown of sugars, breathing is…
What is cellular respiration?
It is a decomposition pathway that provides energy (ATP is ma…
What is the point of cellular respirat…
the point of cellular respiration is to make more ATP
13 terms
Chapter 5: Cellular Respiration
anaerobic respiration
Glycolysis
Finishing step fro anaerobic respiration
Bacterial Fermentation
-no oxygen required... -takes place in cytoplasm... -used mainly by…
-occurs in cytoplasm... -used in both anaerobic and aerobic resp…
converts pyruvate to ethanol or lactic acid which causes sore…
forms acetic acid or vinegar
anaerobic respiration
-no oxygen required... -takes place in cytoplasm... -used mainly by…
Glycolysis
-occurs in cytoplasm... -used in both anaerobic and aerobic resp…
12 terms
Chapter 5-Cellular Respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
glycolysis
NADH
describes a process that requires oxygen
describes a process that does not require oxygen
the anaerobic breakdown of glucose pyretic acid, which makes…
electron carrier during glycolysis
aerobic
describes a process that requires oxygen
anaerobic
describes a process that does not require oxygen
28 terms
Biology Chapter 5- Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
autotrophs
Calvin cycle
a process that requires oxygen, large amount of ATP produced
a process that does not require oxygen
organisms that use energy from sunlight or inorganic organic…
a series of enzyme-assisted chemical reactions that produces…
aerobic
a process that requires oxygen, large amount of ATP produced
anaerobic
a process that does not require oxygen
59 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Photosynthesis/ Cellular Respiration
All energy needed for metabolism in li…
___ involves either using energy to bu…
What is the process by which light ene…
What are organisms that use energy fro…
sun
metabolism
Photosynthesis
autotrophs
All energy needed for metabolism in li…
sun
___ involves either using energy to bu…
metabolism
30 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 5 Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis occurs here in the cell
Glycolysis alone is this type of bioch…
3 carbon compound produced when glucos…
Coenzyme that is reduced during glycol…
cytoplasm
anaerobic
pyruvic acid
NAD+
Glycolysis occurs here in the cell
cytoplasm
Glycolysis alone is this type of bioch…
anaerobic
22 terms
Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Chapter 5 Biology
Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Cellular Respiration
The process by which plants, algae and some bacteria use sunl…
An organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
An organism that must get energy from food insead of directly…
A metabolic process by which cells produce energy from carboh…
Photosynthesis
The process by which plants, algae and some bacteria use sunl…
Autotroph
An organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
54 terms
Chapter 5 Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
What form does the energy come in?
What does ATP stand for?
What does hydrolyze mean?
A series of chemical reactions that occur in a cell to produc…
Molecule as ATP
Adenosine triphosphate
Break
Cellular Respiration
A series of chemical reactions that occur in a cell to produc…
What form does the energy come in?
Molecule as ATP
82 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5 Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
What is the beginning of the entire cy…
In Cellular Respiration what two ways…
What is the formula for aerobic cellul…
What is the chemical formula for photo…
Food
chemoheterotrophic and photoautotrophic nutrition
C (6) H (12) O (6) + 6O (2) = 6 CO (2) + 6H (2) O
6 CO (2) + 6H (2) O = C (6) H (12) O (6) + 6O (2)
What is the beginning of the entire cy…
Food
In Cellular Respiration what two ways…
chemoheterotrophic and photoautotrophic nutrition
21 terms
Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Chapter 5 Biology
Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Cellular Respiration
The process by which plants, algae and some bacteria use sunl…
An organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
An organism that must get energy from food insead of directly…
A metabolic process by which cells produce energy from carboh…
Photosynthesis
The process by which plants, algae and some bacteria use sunl…
Autotroph
An organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
32 terms
STG Biology - Chapter 5 - Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Anaerobic respiration
Glycolysis
Oxidation
____________ is a series of chemical reactions that frees the…
Respiration occurring without oxygen.
_____________ is the first series of chemical reactions in ce…
____________ is chemically defined as the loss of an electron…
Cellular Respiration
____________ is a series of chemical reactions that frees the…
Anaerobic respiration
Respiration occurring without oxygen.
Biology Chapter 5 Photosynthesis/ Cellular Respiration
All energy needed for metabolism in li…
___ involves either using energy to bu…
What is the process by which light ene…
What are organisms that use energy fro…
sun
metabolism
Photosynthesis
autotrophs
All energy needed for metabolism in li…
sun
___ involves either using energy to bu…
metabolism
22 terms
Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Chapter 5 Biology
Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Cellular Respiration
The process by which plants, algae and some bacteria use sunl…
An organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
An organism that must get energy from food insead of directly…
A metabolic process by which cells produce energy from carboh…
Photosynthesis
The process by which plants, algae and some bacteria use sunl…
Autotroph
An organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
40 terms
Biology 30 Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration (Chapter 5)
Peroxisome
Central Vacuole
Chloroplast
Cell Wall
A membrane-bound vesicle containing enzymes that convert fatt…
A very large membrane-bound, fluid-filled storage Sac that gi…
A plastid (organelle used to synthesize or store food) that g…
A rigid structure surrounding the cell membrane that protects…
Peroxisome
A membrane-bound vesicle containing enzymes that convert fatt…
Central Vacuole
A very large membrane-bound, fluid-filled storage Sac that gi…
18 terms
Chapter 5-Cellular Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration (detailed)
Glycolysis
requires oxygen... occurs in most cells... high energy released (36…
without oxygen; the process uses a respiratory electron trans…
Takes place in cytoplasm, used by bacteria and yeast (simple)…
Starts with glucose... Ends with 2 pyruvic acids... Also makes 2 AT…
Aerobic Respiration
requires oxygen... occurs in most cells... high energy released (36…
Anaerobic Respiration
without oxygen; the process uses a respiratory electron trans…
19 terms
Biology 1: Chapter 5, Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
photosynthesis(ing)
cellular respiration
producers
consumers
CO2+H2O+sunlight=carbohydrates+O2
carbohydrates+O2=CO2+H2O+energy
autotrophs
heterotrophs, eat energy in carbon compounds
photosynthesis(ing)
CO2+H2O+sunlight=carbohydrates+O2
cellular respiration
carbohydrates+O2=CO2+H2O+energy
50 terms
Chapter 5 Cellular Respiration
Anarobic respiration
Where does anarobic respiration take p…
Equation for anarobic respiration
Steps of anarobic respiration
respiration without oxygen
in the cytoplasm
C6H12O6-->2Co2+2CH5OH+2ATP... Glucose-->2 carbon dioxide+2 achol…
glycolysis... finishing step
Anarobic respiration
respiration without oxygen
Where does anarobic respiration take p…
in the cytoplasm
33 terms
Chapter 5: Cellular Respiration
glycolysis
cellular respiration
NAD+
NADH
the process in which one molecule of glucose is broken in hal…
process releases energy by breaking down glucose (other food…
an electron carrier that accepts a pair of high-energy electr…
the molecule NAD+ is converted to, holds the electrons until…
glycolysis
the process in which one molecule of glucose is broken in hal…
cellular respiration
process releases energy by breaking down glucose (other food…
40 terms
Chapter 5-3: Cellular Respiration (CP Biology)
Glycolysis
Glucose
Pyruvate
Anaerobic
What is the first stage of Cellular Respiration called?
What molecule starts glycolysis off?
What molecule does glycolysis produce?
Is Glycolosis Aerobic or Anaerobic?
Glycolysis
What is the first stage of Cellular Respiration called?
Glucose
What molecule starts glycolysis off?
30 terms
SAT Biology: Chapter 5 - Cellular Respiration
What is cellular respiration?
ATP
What process breaks the bonds between…
ADP
a series of chemical reactions that occur to produce energy f…
adenosine triphosphate
hydrolysis
adenosine diphosphate; ATP after hydrolysis
What is cellular respiration?
a series of chemical reactions that occur to produce energy f…
ATP
adenosine triphosphate
38 terms
Biology Chapter 5: Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Photosynthetic organisms get energy fr…
Which of the following correctly seque…
ATP molecules... a. produce NADPH... b. cont…
In glycolysis... a. aerobic processes occ…
B. Light
C. Sun, grass, rabbit, fox
C. Can both store energy and provide it for metabolic reactions
B. Four ATP molecules are produced
Photosynthetic organisms get energy fr…
B. Light
Which of the following correctly seque…
C. Sun, grass, rabbit, fox
53 terms
Chapter 5 Biology: Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
True
True
False
False
Heterotrophs obtain the chemical energy used in metabolism fr…
All organisms require energy to carry out life processes.... Tru…
Heterotrophic organisms use light energy to make organic comp…
Some of the energy in sunlight is captured and used to make i…
True
Heterotrophs obtain the chemical energy used in metabolism fr…
True
All organisms require energy to carry out life processes.... Tru…
9 terms
Biology: Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
equation for cellular respiration
NAD+ (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide)
amount of energy to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water…
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
oxygen + glucose ---> carbon dioxide + water + energy
electron carrier involved in glycolysis
calorie
amount of energy to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water…
glycolysis
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
20 terms
Chapter 5: Cellular Respiration
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Glycolysis
Krebs Cycle
occurring or living in the presence of free or dissolved oxygen
occurring or living in conditions without freeor dissolved ox…
the initial breakdown of a carbohydrate,usually glucose, into…
the cycle in cell respiration that completes the breakdown of…
Aerobic
occurring or living in the presence of free or dissolved oxygen
Anaerobic
occurring or living in conditions without freeor dissolved ox…
59 terms
chapter 5 biology holt photosynthesis and Cellular respiration
What function does the mitochondria ha…
What is autotroph?
What is heterotroph?
What is the main different between an…
mitochondria harvests energy from organic compounds to make ATP
An organism that uses energy from sunlight to make its own food
An organism that get energy from food by eating other organis…
One organism can use sunlight to make its own food while the…
What function does the mitochondria ha…
mitochondria harvests energy from organic compounds to make ATP
What is autotroph?
An organism that uses energy from sunlight to make its own food
12 terms
Chapter 5: Cellular Respiration
What does ATP stand for?
What happens to ATP when energy is req…
What is the cellular respiration equat…
Draw out the ins and outs of cell resp…
Adenosine triphosphate (adenine bonded to 3 phosphate molecul…
The cell will hydrolyze (break) the bond between the second a…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 = 6CO2 + 6H2O ... ADP + P = ATP... (exergonic)
Event: Glycolysis | Location: cytoplasm | Substrates: Glucose…
What does ATP stand for?
Adenosine triphosphate (adenine bonded to 3 phosphate molecul…
What happens to ATP when energy is req…
The cell will hydrolyze (break) the bond between the second a…
15 terms
Chapter 5: Cellular Respiration
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
hydrolyze
ADP (adenosine diphosphate)
electron carriers
one adenosine bonded to three phosphate molecules; a lot of e…
break
one adenosine bonded to two phosphate molecules
special molecules that store energy in the form of electrons
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
one adenosine bonded to three phosphate molecules; a lot of e…
hydrolyze
break
31 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 9 (cellular respiration)
fermentation
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
oxidation
anaerobic process that produces little ATP, includes glycolys…
catabolic pathway which requires oxygen and occurs in cytopla…
catabolic pathway which does not require oxygen and occurs on…
loss of electrons from atoms of a substance
fermentation
anaerobic process that produces little ATP, includes glycolys…
aerobic respiration
catabolic pathway which requires oxygen and occurs in cytopla…
19 terms
Cellular Respiration Chapter 5
adenosine triphosphate ATP
hydrolyze
adenosine diphosphate ADP
cellular respiration
molecule of adenosine bonded to three phosphates with the thi…
cells break the bond between the second and third phosphate o…
adenosine with only two phosphates bonded to it
breakdown of glucose to release energy glucose+oxygen = carbo…
adenosine triphosphate ATP
molecule of adenosine bonded to three phosphates with the thi…
hydrolyze
cells break the bond between the second and third phosphate o…
20 terms
Chapter 5: Cellular Respiration
adenosine triphosphate
hydrolyze
adenosine diphosphate
electron carriers
ATP, energy
break down a compound by introduction of water
ADP, ATP minus a phosphate
specialized molecules for carrying electrons
adenosine triphosphate
ATP, energy
hydrolyze
break down a compound by introduction of water
16 terms
Cellular Respiration Chapter 5
cellular respiration
ATP/adenosine triphosphate
hydrolyze
ADP/adenosine diphosphate
a series of chemical reactions that occur in a cell, the brea…
the form cellular energy comes in; adenosine bonded to three…
when the cell breaks the bond between the second an third pho…
the remains after ATP is hydrolyzed (along w one phosphate mo…
cellular respiration
a series of chemical reactions that occur in a cell, the brea…
ATP/adenosine triphosphate
the form cellular energy comes in; adenosine bonded to three…
50 terms
Chapter 5- Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
ATP Molecule
The ATP Cycle
What is the difference between energy…
How much ATP is produced for the diffe…
There are carbon and nitrogen molecule at first, then an OH,…
The exothermic process of breaking down ATP to ADP and P, or…
Energy is the capacity to do work, but the phosphate groups i…
Glycolysis: 4 (use 2)... Krebs Cycle: 2... ... Electron Transport Ch…
ATP Molecule
There are carbon and nitrogen molecule at first, then an OH,…
The ATP Cycle
The exothermic process of breaking down ATP to ADP and P, or…
45 terms
Cellular Respiration chapter 5
Process in which organisms produce ene…
When oxygen is required for cellular r…
When oxygen is not required for cellul…
How many net ATP are produced in cellu…
Cellular respiration
Aerobic
Anaerobic
38
Process in which organisms produce ene…
Cellular respiration
When oxygen is required for cellular r…
Aerobic
16 terms
Chapter 5, Cellular Energy, Photosynthesis, and Cellular Respiration
The main form of energy for living org…
Organism that makes its own food.
Organelle located in plants cells that…
Stack of thylakoids in a chloroplast.
ATP
autotroph
chloroplast
Grana (Granum)
The main form of energy for living org…
ATP
Organism that makes its own food.
autotroph
15 terms
Chapter 5: Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration
describes a process that requires oxygen
describes a process that does not requ…
an organism that produces its own nutr…
a membrane system found within chlorop…
aerobic
anaerobic
autotroph
thylakoid
describes a process that requires oxygen
aerobic
describes a process that does not requ…
anaerobic
50 terms
Chapter 5: Cellular Respiration
2 ways ATP is made in CR
substrate level phosphorylation
oxidative phosphorylation
steps to convert glucose to ATP
- substrate level phosphorylation... -oxidative phosphorylation
-phosphate is given from a substrate to ADP to form ATP... -anae…
-oxidation of a high energy electron carrier (coenzymes NADH…
-glycolysis... -Krebs cycle... -oxidative phosphorylation
2 ways ATP is made in CR
- substrate level phosphorylation... -oxidative phosphorylation
substrate level phosphorylation
-phosphate is given from a substrate to ADP to form ATP... -anae…
17 terms
Chapter 5 Cellular Respiration
What is the 1st step to cellular respi…
Where does Glycolysis occur
Aerobic or Anaerobic?
Net Gain?
Glycolysis
cytoplasm
Anaerobic
2 ATP
What is the 1st step to cellular respi…
Glycolysis
Where does Glycolysis occur
cytoplasm
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