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Study sets matching "biology cellular respiration transport"

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Study sets matching "biology cellular respiration transport"

6 terms
Biology: Transport and Cellular Respiration FRQ
1a. Write the balanced chemical equati…
1b. What is the purpose of cellular re…
1c. Name each of the major events asso…
1d. Describe the pathway of energy tra…
C6H12O6 + 6O2.-> 6CO2+6H2O+ATP
The purpose of cellular respiration in organisms is to conver…
First, glycolysis takes place in the cytoplasm. The Krebs cyc…
Glucose is the source of energy in cellular respiration. It f…
1a. Write the balanced chemical equati…
C6H12O6 + 6O2.-> 6CO2+6H2O+ATP
1b. What is the purpose of cellular re…
The purpose of cellular respiration in organisms is to conver…
23 terms
Biology: Electron Transport Chain (Cellular Respiration)
NADH/ FADH2
NAD+/ FAD/electron transport chain/ion…
O2/H2O
intermembrance space
_____ and ____ move to the next stage of cellular respiration
NADH turns to _____ and FADH2 turns to _____. (they both give…
Electrons combine with _____ and H+ to form ______
H+ diffuse into _______ (through ion channel)
NADH/ FADH2
_____ and ____ move to the next stage of cellular respiration
NAD+/ FAD/electron transport chain/ion…
NADH turns to _____ and FADH2 turns to _____. (they both give…
39 terms
Biology_Cell Transport to Cellular Respiration
Passive Transport
Active Transport
Diffusion
Osmosis
Movement of molecules across the membrane that requires NO en…
Movement of molecules from low concentration to high concentr…
A type of passive transport where the molecules move from hig…
A type of passive transport which is diffusion of water acros…
Passive Transport
Movement of molecules across the membrane that requires NO en…
Active Transport
Movement of molecules from low concentration to high concentr…
26 terms
Photosynthesis / Cellular Respiration / Transport
Selective Permeability
Lipid Bilayer
Passive Transport
Active Transport
Cell membrane controls what goes in and out of the cell
Two layers of phospholipids, hydrophphillic heads facing out
Movement of molecules through cell membrane that does NOT req…
Movement of molecules that requires ENERGY
Selective Permeability
Cell membrane controls what goes in and out of the cell
Lipid Bilayer
Two layers of phospholipids, hydrophphillic heads facing out
34 terms
5 - Photosynthesis / Cellular Respiration / Transport
Selective Permeability
Lipid Bilayer
Passive Transport
Active Transport
Cell membrane controls what goes in and out of the cell
Two layers of phospholipids, hydrophphillic heads facing out
Movement of molecules through cell membrane that does NOT req…
Movement of molecules that requires ENERGY
Selective Permeability
Cell membrane controls what goes in and out of the cell
Lipid Bilayer
Two layers of phospholipids, hydrophphillic heads facing out
24 terms
Biology Unit 5: Photosynthesis/Respiration & Cellular Transport
chemical equation for photosynthesis
chemical equation for cellular respira…
light reactions located in the
calvin cycle located in the
carbon dioxide + water > sugar + oxygen
sugar + oxygen > carbon dioxide + water (+ATP)
thylakoids (overall chloroplasts)
stroma (overall chloroplasts)
chemical equation for photosynthesis
carbon dioxide + water > sugar + oxygen
chemical equation for cellular respira…
sugar + oxygen > carbon dioxide + water (+ATP)
18 terms
Biology Honors: Cellular Respiration
Describe the development that led to t…
explain how molecular diversity is bas…
Differentiate between eukaryotic cells…
Describe the structure of the cell mem…
...
Carbon atom has four Valance Electrons in its outermost energ…
...
...
Describe the development that led to t…
...
explain how molecular diversity is bas…
Carbon atom has four Valance Electrons in its outermost energ…
32 terms
Photosynthesis / Cellular Respiration / Transport
Selective Permeability
Lipid Bilayer
Passive Transport
Active Transport
Cell membrane controls what goes in and out of the cell
Two layers of phospholipids, hydrophphillic heads facing out
Movement of molecules through cell membrane that does NOT req…
Movement of molecules that requires ENERGY
Selective Permeability
Cell membrane controls what goes in and out of the cell
Lipid Bilayer
Two layers of phospholipids, hydrophphillic heads facing out
34 terms
Photosynthesis / Cellular Respiration / Transport
Selective Permeability
Lipid Bilayer
Passive Transport
Active Transport
Cell membrane controls what goes in and out of the cell
Two layers of phospholipids, hydrophphillic heads facing out
Movement of molecules through cell membrane that does NOT req…
Movement of molecules that requires ENERGY
Selective Permeability
Cell membrane controls what goes in and out of the cell
Lipid Bilayer
Two layers of phospholipids, hydrophphillic heads facing out
21 terms
Biology Cellular respiration
Glycolysis
Glycolysis
Cytoplasm
Glycolysis
Glucose is broken down to pyruvic acid... 1 molecule of glucose…
A pathway in which glucose is oxidized to pyruvic acid
This is where glycolysis happens
This is the first stage of cellular respiration
Glycolysis
Glucose is broken down to pyruvic acid... 1 molecule of glucose…
Glycolysis
A pathway in which glucose is oxidized to pyruvic acid
18 terms
Cell Transport, Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
chloroplast
mitochondria
photosynthesis
photosynthesis equation
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
An organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which t…
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.
6CO2 + 6H2O + light --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
chloroplast
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
mitochondria
An organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which t…
38 terms
Cellular Transport, Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Homeostasis
Buffers
Plasma/ Cell Membrane
Membrane Proteins
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
chemicals that resist a change in pH to help maintain a balan…
A selectively-permeable phospholipid bilayer forming the boun…
Embedded in the phospholipid bilayer, these allow for passage…
Homeostasis
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
Buffers
chemicals that resist a change in pH to help maintain a balan…
64 terms
Photosynthesis and Respiration, Glencoe Biology Chapter 7 1-3, Cellular Transport
ATP (Adenosine triphosphate)
How is energy given to cells?
ADP (Adenosine diphosphate)
Cellular Respiration
The main form of energy for living organisms.
A phosphate bond is broken.
converted to ATP by adding a phosphate group
used to create ATP from glucose
ATP (Adenosine triphosphate)
The main form of energy for living organisms.
How is energy given to cells?
A phosphate bond is broken.
34 terms
5 - Photosynthesis / Cellular Respiration / Transport
Selective Permeability
Lipid Bilayer
Passive Transport
Active Transport
Cell membrane controls what goes in and out of the cell
Two layers of phospholipids, hydrophphillic heads facing out
Movement of molecules through cell membrane that does NOT req…
Movement of molecules that requires ENERGY
Selective Permeability
Cell membrane controls what goes in and out of the cell
Lipid Bilayer
Two layers of phospholipids, hydrophphillic heads facing out
27 terms
Biology: Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
What is the method of converting sun e…
Self feeders, organisms capable of mak…
Specialized structures inside plant ce…
light absorbing pigment molecules
photosynthesis
Autotrophs
chloroplasts
chloroplasts
What is the method of converting sun e…
photosynthesis
Self feeders, organisms capable of mak…
Autotrophs
34 terms
Cellular Respiration and Membrane Transport
What structure is this?
What is the molecule called that has o…
What is the chemical reaction that pro…
What is Hypotonic Solution?
ADP Molecule/Adenine Diphosphate
cellular respiration
solution whose H20 concentration is higher than that of the c…
What structure is this?
What is the molecule called that has o…
ADP Molecule/Adenine Diphosphate
32 terms
5 - Photosynthesis / Cellular Respiration / Transport
Selective Permeability
Lipid Bilayer
Passive Transport
Active Transport
Cell membrane controls what goes in and out of the cell
Two layers of phospholipids, hydrophphillic heads facing out
Movement of molecules through cell membrane that does NOT req…
Movement of molecules that requires ENERGY
Selective Permeability
Cell membrane controls what goes in and out of the cell
Lipid Bilayer
Two layers of phospholipids, hydrophphillic heads facing out
34 terms
Photosynthesis / Cellular Respiration / Transport
Selective Permeability
Lipid Bilayer
Passive Transport
Active Transport
Cell membrane controls what goes in and out of the cell
Two layers of phospholipids, hydrophphillic heads facing out
Movement of molecules through cell membrane that does NOT req…
Movement of molecules that requires ENERGY
Selective Permeability
Cell membrane controls what goes in and out of the cell
Lipid Bilayer
Two layers of phospholipids, hydrophphillic heads facing out
34 terms
Photosynthesis / Cellular Respiration / Transport
Selective Permeability
Lipid Bilayer
Passive Transport
Active Transport
Cell membrane controls what goes in and out of the cell
Two layers of phospholipids, hydrophphillic heads facing out
Movement of molecules through cell membrane that does NOT req…
Movement of molecules that requires ENERGY
Selective Permeability
Cell membrane controls what goes in and out of the cell
Lipid Bilayer
Two layers of phospholipids, hydrophphillic heads facing out
24 terms
Photosynthesis, Respiration and Cellular Transport
Passive Transport
Active Tansport
Bulk transport
Diffusion
1. Physical Process... 2. Higher Concentration to lower Concentr…
1. Physiological process... 2. Low to high concentration... 3. Requ…
Traffic of Large Molecules... Consists of: Exocytosis, Endocyto…
1. Molecules move high to low concentration... 2. Membrane is s…
Passive Transport
1. Physical Process... 2. Higher Concentration to lower Concentr…
Active Tansport
1. Physiological process... 2. Low to high concentration... 3. Requ…
47 terms
cellular respiration and transport
Glycolysis begins with
Glycolysis Ends with
glycolysis energy products
Intermediate begins with
glucose C6H12O6
pyruvate acid
2 ATP 2 NADH
pyruvate acid
Glycolysis begins with
glucose C6H12O6
Glycolysis Ends with
pyruvate acid
45 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Electron Transport Chain
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Aerobic Respiration
11 terms
Biology: Cellular Respiration - Respiration
breathing, O2 and CO2 exchange
extraction of energy from organic mole…
carbohydrates or lipids and proteins
glucose
what is respiration on the gross level?
what is respiration on the cellular level?
what is the fuel for cellular respiration?
what form must carbohydrates be in order to enter the cell?
breathing, O2 and CO2 exchange
what is respiration on the gross level?
extraction of energy from organic mole…
what is respiration on the cellular level?
7 terms
Biology 20 - Cellular Respiration
ATP
Glycolysis
Kreb's Cycle
Electron Transport Chain
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
A metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars…
A chemical cycle that completes the metabolic breakdown of gl…
A sequence of electron carrier molecules (membrane proteins)…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
Glycolysis
A metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars…
17 terms
Biology: Cellular Respiration
calorie
Calorie
Glycolysis
Cellular Respiration
Energy unit that equals the amount of energy needed to raise…
Unit used by scientists to measure the energy stored in foods…
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
calorie
Energy unit that equals the amount of energy needed to raise…
Calorie
Unit used by scientists to measure the energy stored in foods…
29 terms
Cellular Respiration and Transport
semi-permeable
passive transport
active transport
simple diffusion
only allows certain things to move across the membrane
molecules move from an area of high concentration to a low co…
molecules move from an area of low concentration to a high co…
molecules move from an area of high concentration to an area…
semi-permeable
only allows certain things to move across the membrane
passive transport
molecules move from an area of high concentration to a low co…
39 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Electron Transport Chain
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Aerobic Respiration
19 terms
5 - Photosynthesis / Cellular Respiration / Transport
ATP
Photosynthesis
Respiration
Autotroph
Cell's form of Chemical Energy ... 3 P's
PLANTS ( Chloroplast)= Light to Energy/ Sugar
ANIMALS CELLS ( Mitochondria)= Sugar/food to Energy in form o…
Makes food; Photosynthesis; plants
ATP
Cell's form of Chemical Energy ... 3 P's
Photosynthesis
PLANTS ( Chloroplast)= Light to Energy/ Sugar
8 terms
Biology - Cellular Respiration - Cellular Respiration
What do you need for cellular respirat…
What are the 3 stages of cellular resp…
Glycolysis
Krebs Cycle
Oxygen
- Glycolysis ... - Krebs Cycle... - Electron Transport Chain
- in the cytoplasm ... - no oxygen required ... - sugar is breaking
- in the mitochondria... - required oxygen (aerobic)... - turns int…
What do you need for cellular respirat…
Oxygen
What are the 3 stages of cellular resp…
- Glycolysis ... - Krebs Cycle... - Electron Transport Chain
9 terms
Biology: Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
equation for cellular respiration
NAD+ (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide)
amount of energy to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water…
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
oxygen + glucose ---> carbon dioxide + water + energy
electron carrier involved in glycolysis
calorie
amount of energy to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water…
glycolysis
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
41 terms
Cellular Transport and Respiration
Active transport
Passive transport
Phosphorylation
Activation energy
Against concentration gradient
Across concentration gradient
Addition of phosphate to ADP
Initial input of energy required for work
Active transport
Against concentration gradient
Passive transport
Across concentration gradient
44 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Electron Transport Chain
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes
2nd step in Aerobic Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Aerobic Respiration
52 terms
AP Biology - Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
1 Glucose is broken into two pyruvate,…
2 pyruvate are converted into 2 Acetyl…
Kreb's Cycle
The First Step of Cellular Respiration
During Glycolysis, which occurs in the cytoplasm,
After Glycolysis,
The Second Step of Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
The First Step of Cellular Respiration
1 Glucose is broken into two pyruvate,…
During Glycolysis, which occurs in the cytoplasm,
15 terms
Vocabulary: Cellular Respiration and Transport
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Alcoholic Fermentation
(with oxygen) glucose is completely oxidized to carbon dioxid…
Form of cellular respiration in which some decomposes get the…
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
Anaerobic process in which cells convert pyruvic acid into ca…
Aerobic Respiration
(with oxygen) glucose is completely oxidized to carbon dioxid…
Anaerobic Respiration
Form of cellular respiration in which some decomposes get the…
15 terms
Biology Final Exam Review: The Cell / Cellular Transport / Photosynthesis / Respiration
What is the cell theory?
How are plant and animals cells differ…
What is diffusion? Osmosis? Facilitate…
Explain isotonic, hypotonic, and hyper…
Theory that states...... 1. Cells are the basic units of structu…
Animal Cells: Sphere shaped, no cell wall (just a membrane)... P…
Osmosis: The diffusion of water across a selectively permeabl…
Isotonic Solution: Water and dissolved substances diffuse int…
What is the cell theory?
Theory that states...... 1. Cells are the basic units of structu…
How are plant and animals cells differ…
Animal Cells: Sphere shaped, no cell wall (just a membrane)... P…
52 terms
AP Biology - Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
1 Glucose is broken into two pyruvate,…
2 pyruvate are converted into 2 Acetyl…
Kreb's Cycle
The First Step of Cellular Respiration
During Glycolysis, which occurs in the cytoplasm,
After Glycolysis,
The Second Step of Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
The First Step of Cellular Respiration
1 Glucose is broken into two pyruvate,…
During Glycolysis, which occurs in the cytoplasm,
29 terms
Cell Transport, Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
chloroplast
mitochondria
photosynthesis
photosynthesis equation
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
An organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which t…
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.
6CO2 + 6H2O + light --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
chloroplast
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
mitochondria
An organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which t…
33 terms
Cellular Biology-Cellular Transport
Does simple diffusion require ATP
Simple diffusion
Does osmosis require ATP
Osmosis
no
net movement of dissolved particles down their concentration…
no, passive transport
simple diffusion of water from a region of lower solute conce…
Does simple diffusion require ATP
no
Simple diffusion
net movement of dissolved particles down their concentration…
84 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration
metabolism
metabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
catabolic
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A series of chemical reactions that builds a complex molecule.
A series of chemical reactions that breaks down a complex mol…
metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
28 terms
Biology: Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis
autotroph
anaerobic
aerobic
chloroplast
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
process that does not require oxygen
process that requires oxygen
organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms t…
autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
anaerobic
process that does not require oxygen
15 terms
Biology 5B Cellular Respiration
PYRUVIC ACID
CELLULAR RESPIRATION
GLYCOLYSIS
NADH
A THREE CARBON COMPOUND THAT IS PRODUCED IN GLYCOLYSIS
COMPLEX PROCESS IN WHICH CELLS MAKE ATP ENERGY THAT CAN BE US…
1ST STEP IN CELLULAR RESPIRATION... "SPLITTING GLUCOSE"
ELECTRON CARRIER MOLECULE MADE IN GLYCOLYSIS
PYRUVIC ACID
A THREE CARBON COMPOUND THAT IS PRODUCED IN GLYCOLYSIS
CELLULAR RESPIRATION
COMPLEX PROCESS IN WHICH CELLS MAKE ATP ENERGY THAT CAN BE US…
8 terms
respiration and cellular transport-OBrien
Diffusion
Photosynthesis
Respiration
Passive Transport
The process in which molecules move from an area of higher co…
The process by which a cell captures energy in sunlight and u…
The process by which cells break down simple food molecules s…
The movement of materials through a cell membrane without usi…
Diffusion
The process in which molecules move from an area of higher co…
Photosynthesis
The process by which a cell captures energy in sunlight and u…
19 terms
Cellular Transport Biology 1 EOC
Osmosis
Diffusion
Active Transport
Passive Transport
The diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
Particles moving from an area of high concentration to an are…
Process that moves materials across a cell membrane against a…
Process of materials moving across a cell membrane without th…
Osmosis
The diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
Diffusion
Particles moving from an area of high concentration to an are…
34 terms
5 - Photosynthesis / Cellular Respiration / Transport
Selective Permeability
Lipid Bilayer
Passive Transport
Active Transport
Cell membrane controls what goes in and out of the cell
Two layers of phospholipids, hydrophphillic heads facing out
Movement of molecules through cell membrane that does NOT req…
Movement of molecules that requires ENERGY
Selective Permeability
Cell membrane controls what goes in and out of the cell
Lipid Bilayer
Two layers of phospholipids, hydrophphillic heads facing out
34 terms
5 - Photosynthesis / Cellular Respiration / Transport
Selective Permeability
Lipid Bilayer
Passive Transport
Active Transport
Cell membrane controls what goes in and out of the cell
Two layers of phospholipids, hydrophphillic heads facing out
Movement of molecules through cell membrane that does NOT req…
Movement of molecules that requires ENERGY
Selective Permeability
Cell membrane controls what goes in and out of the cell
Lipid Bilayer
Two layers of phospholipids, hydrophphillic heads facing out
45 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Electron Transport Chain
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaer…
In aerobic respiration oxygen O2 is needed. In anaerobic resp…
Aerobic Respiration
23 terms
Biology 101 Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
ATP Generation
Oxidation and Reduction reactions
Redox reactions
The purpose of ________ is to synthesize ATP
Is an endergonic process.... ADP+PO4 -> ATP ΔG= +7.3 Kcal/mol... Re…
Electrons ARE chemical energy!... In Oxidation reactions, electr…
For every oxidation there must be a reduction: if something l…
Cellular Respiration
The purpose of ________ is to synthesize ATP
ATP Generation
Is an endergonic process.... ADP+PO4 -> ATP ΔG= +7.3 Kcal/mol... Re…
21 terms
Biology - Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Aerobic Respiration
Anerobic respiration
Glycolysis
A series of processes, including glycolysis, the Krebs cycle,…
Respiration that requires oxygen
Respiration that does not require oxygen
The anaerobic process that splits oxygen into two pyruvate mo…
Cellular Respiration
A series of processes, including glycolysis, the Krebs cycle,…
Aerobic Respiration
Respiration that requires oxygen
13 terms
Cellular Respiration AP Biology
Glycolysis
Where Glycolysis occurs
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Breakdown of glucose into pyruvate
In the cytosol
Cellular Respiration in the presence of oxygen
Cellular Respiration in the absence of oxygen
Glycolysis
Breakdown of glucose into pyruvate
Where Glycolysis occurs
In the cytosol
84 terms
AP Biology Cellular Respiration
metabolism
metabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
catabolic
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A series of chemical reactions that builds a complex molecule.
A series of chemical reactions that breaks down a complex mol…
metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consistiing…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
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