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Study sets matching "biology chapter 10 protein synthesis"

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Study sets matching "biology chapter 10 protein synthesis"

13 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Protein Synthesis
Transcription is broken into
Initiation (transcription) is when...
Transcription factors...
Promoter is
1. Initiation... 2. Elongation... 3. Termination
-Helicase unzips DNA... -RNA Pol binds to DNA at promoter
Dictate which strand of DNA is template
Attachment site
Transcription is broken into
1. Initiation... 2. Elongation... 3. Termination
Initiation (transcription) is when...
-Helicase unzips DNA... -RNA Pol binds to DNA at promoter
42 terms
Biology Chapter 10 (protein synthesis)
Semi-Conservative replication
mutation
Rosalind Franklin
which cells are used and need to be re…
replication where each new DNA molecules has kept one of the…
change in the nucleotide sequence of a DNA molecule
studied from a x-ray diffraction photo and discovered DNA has…
skin and red blood cells
Semi-Conservative replication
replication where each new DNA molecules has kept one of the…
mutation
change in the nucleotide sequence of a DNA molecule
52 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Protein Synthesis
Why can we say that proteins control a…
what is the order from origin of genet…
transcription
translation
proteins make up the cell structures, organelles, and are inv…
DNA, RNA, amino acids, proteins
occurs in nucleus, is RNA synthesis, and RNA polymerase helps
protein synthesis, cytoplasm, ribosomes
Why can we say that proteins control a…
proteins make up the cell structures, organelles, and are inv…
what is the order from origin of genet…
DNA, RNA, amino acids, proteins
14 terms
Protein Synthesis (Chapter 10)
Ribonucleic acid (RNA)
RNA polymerase
Messanger RNA
gene
A natural polymer that is present in all living cells that pl…
An enzyme that starts (catalyzes) the information of RNA by u…
A single strand of RNA molecule that encodes the information…
A segment of DNA that is located in a chromosome that codes f…
Ribonucleic acid (RNA)
A natural polymer that is present in all living cells that pl…
RNA polymerase
An enzyme that starts (catalyzes) the information of RNA by u…
35 terms
CHS-Biology-Chapter 10-Protein Synthesis-Kessler
Nucleotide
Deoxyribose
Ribose
Nitrogenous Base
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a five-ca…
a five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides
a five-carbon sugar present in RNA
an organic base that contains nitrogen, such as a purine or p…
Nucleotide
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a five-ca…
Deoxyribose
a five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides
Biology Chapter 10: Nucleic Acid and Protein Synthesis
To store and transmit the genetic info…
DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid)
A sugar molecule called deoxyribose, a…
Purines and Pyrimidines
The primary function of DNA in organisms
An organic compound, that is made up of repeating sub-units c…
3 parts to a DNA nucleotide
The 4 nitrogen containing bases are placed into two groups:
To store and transmit the genetic info…
The primary function of DNA in organisms
DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid)
An organic compound, that is made up of repeating sub-units c…
32 terms
Modern Biology - Chapter 10 - DNA, RNA and Protein Synthesis
virulent
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
Disease-causing
the transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments…
a virus that infects bacteria
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
virulent
Disease-causing
transformation
the transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments…
42 terms
Biology Chapter 10 DNA, RNA, Protein Synthesis
Biology Chapter 10
DNA
Nucleotide
RNA
Biology Chapter 10
A complex nucleic acid molecule containing the genetic inform…
A monomer made of a phosphate group, a five-carbon sugar, and…
A single-stranded nucleic acid that passes along genetic mess…
Biology Chapter 10
Biology Chapter 10
DNA
A complex nucleic acid molecule containing the genetic inform…
32 terms
Biology--Chapter 10 DNA, RNA, & Protein Synthesis
virulent
transformation
bacteriophages
nucleotide
disease-causing strain of a bacterium
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
viruses that infect bacteria
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
virulent
disease-causing strain of a bacterium
transformation
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
67 terms
Biology: Chapter 10 - Nucleic Acid and Protein Synthesis
What was originally thought to carry g…
Why could proteins not carry genetic i…
Who is Fred Griffith?
What causes the sickness in mice in Gr…
Proteins
Proteins are sensitive to temperature, and if they were heate…
In 1928, he attempted to figure out a cure for pneumonia with…
- Virulent... - Non-Virulent
What was originally thought to carry g…
Proteins
Why could proteins not carry genetic i…
Proteins are sensitive to temperature, and if they were heate…
68 terms
Biology: Chapter 10: Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis
nucleotide
nucleotides
DNA
Watson, Crick
The three parts of a _____________ are a phosphate, pentose s…
_______________________(DNA/RNA) are the monomers of nucleic…
Primary function: stores and transmits the genetic informatio…
___________ and __________ won the nobel prize in medicine in…
nucleotide
The three parts of a _____________ are a phosphate, pentose s…
nucleotides
_______________________(DNA/RNA) are the monomers of nucleic…
8 terms
Biology 102 Chapter 10 DNA and Protein Synthesis
genes
proteins
nucleotides
Replication of DNA
segments of dna... contain specific directions for constructing…
polypeptides of amino acids. ... required for:... - structure... -defe…
1 phosphate... 1 sugar... 1 base (C,G,T or A)
unzipping the double strand... make a complementary base with co…
genes
segments of dna... contain specific directions for constructing…
proteins
polypeptides of amino acids. ... required for:... - structure... -defe…
21 terms
Biology: chapter 10 -- DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis
protein
amino acid
nucleic acid
nucleotides
organic compound made of C, H, O, N
monomers that make protein
organic compounds made of C, H, O, N, P; found in the nucleus…
term for each strand of nucleic acid; composed of 5C sugar, p…
protein
organic compound made of C, H, O, N
amino acid
monomers that make protein
45 terms
Biology chapter 10: DNA, RNA, and Protein synthesis
S strain
R strain
Griffith
Avery
(Smooth) virulent
(Rough) nonvirulent
Searching for a cure of pneumonia, accidently discovered the…
Discovered that DNA was the genetic material passed through g…
S strain
(Smooth) virulent
R strain
(Rough) nonvirulent
68 terms
Biology: Chapter 10: Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis
nucleotide
nucleotides
DNA
Watson, Crick
The three parts of a _____________ are a phosphate, pentose s…
_______________________(DNA/RNA) are the monomers of nucleic…
Primary function: stores and transmits the genetic informatio…
___________ and __________ won the nobel prize in medicine in…
nucleotide
The three parts of a _____________ are a phosphate, pentose s…
nucleotides
_______________________(DNA/RNA) are the monomers of nucleic…
17 terms
Biology: Chapter 10: DNA and Protein Synthesis
What did Griffith do in 1928? What did…
What is transformation?
Who are Watson and Crick?
What is DNA?
He performed three experiments:... 1. injected S-strain and R-st…
referring to something changing from the dead S-strain to the…
in 1953, they were credited with the discovery of DNA's struc…
a giant polymer composed of monomers called nucleotides
What did Griffith do in 1928? What did…
He performed three experiments:... 1. injected S-strain and R-st…
What is transformation?
referring to something changing from the dead S-strain to the…
32 terms
Chapter 10 Biology DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis
virulent
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
describes a microorgamism that causes disease and that is hig…
the transfer of geneticmaterial in the form of DNA fragments…
a virus that infects bacteria
in a nucleic-acid chain, a sub-unit that consists of a sugar,…
virulent
describes a microorgamism that causes disease and that is hig…
transformation
the transfer of geneticmaterial in the form of DNA fragments…
35 terms
Biology Chapter 10 DNA, RNA, and Protein synthesis
Site of translation
Repeating subunits of DNA and RNA
Group of three sequential bases of mRNA
Substitutes for thymine in RNA
Ribosome
Nucleotides
Codon
Uracil
Site of translation
Ribosome
Repeating subunits of DNA and RNA
Nucleotides
59 terms
Biology Chapter 10 - DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis
DNA structure
Complementary base pairing
Replication fork
Purines
Double helix composed of paired nucleotides (sugar, phosphate…
Connected by hydrogen bonds; A-T and C-G
The points at which the DNA strands separate during replication
Bases with two rings of carbon and nitrogen atoms; Adenine an…
DNA structure
Double helix composed of paired nucleotides (sugar, phosphate…
Complementary base pairing
Connected by hydrogen bonds; A-T and C-G
32 terms
Biology--Chapter 10 DNA, RNA, & Protein Synthesis
virulent
transformation
bacteriophages
nucleotide
disease-causing strain of a bacterium
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
viruses that infect bacteria
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
virulent
disease-causing strain of a bacterium
transformation
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
27 terms
Chapter 10 DNA and protein synthesis(biology)
DNA stores ans transmits genetic infor…
A copy of it is kept safe in the nucle…
DNA is too large a molecule to leave t…
To get the DNA's genetic information o…
...
...
...
...
DNA stores ans transmits genetic infor…
...
A copy of it is kept safe in the nucle…
...
15 terms
Chapter 10- Protein Synthesis
Ribonucleic Acid (RNA)
RNA Polymerase
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
Gene Expression
A nucleic acid like DNA, but is single stranded, contains Ura…
Protein involved in transcription
Type of RNA that carries the instructions for making a protei…
Entire process by which proteins are made.
Ribonucleic Acid (RNA)
A nucleic acid like DNA, but is single stranded, contains Ura…
RNA Polymerase
Protein involved in transcription
9 terms
Chapter 10 Protein Synthesis
Transcription
Transcription Initiation
Transcription Elongation
Transcription Termination
- copying part of the DNA's nucleotide sequence into a comple…
- RNA polymerase makes DNA by binding to the promoter
- RNA polymerase builds a complementary DNA molecule
- terminator signals the end of transcription
Transcription
- copying part of the DNA's nucleotide sequence into a comple…
Transcription Initiation
- RNA polymerase makes DNA by binding to the promoter
32 terms
Biology--Chapter 10 DNA, RNA, & Protein Synthesis
virulent
transformation
bacteriophages
nucleotide
disease-causing strain of a bacterium
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
viruses that infect bacteria
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
virulent
disease-causing strain of a bacterium
transformation
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
16 terms
Chapter 10 Biology (DNA, RNA, Protein Synthesis)
DNA
nucleotides
mRNA
tRNA
holds genetic info
building blocks of dna
contains genetic message, translates at the ribosomes
transfers amino acids to proteins
DNA
holds genetic info
nucleotides
building blocks of dna
32 terms
Biology Chapter 10 " DNA, RNA, And Protein Synthesis"
Virulent
Transformation
Bacteriophage
Nucelotide
Strain of the bacterium
The type of transfer of genetic material from one cell to ano…
Viruses that infect bacteria
Consists of three parts a five carbon sugar, a phosphate grou…
Virulent
Strain of the bacterium
Transformation
The type of transfer of genetic material from one cell to ano…
19 terms
biology chapter 10 nucleic acid and protein synthesis
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
primary function of DNA
nucleotides
3 parts of a DNA nucleotide
the genetic source of diversity among cells
store and transmit the genetic information that tells cells w…
repeating subunits that make up DNA
sugar: deoxyribose ... phosphate group made of: phosphorus and o…
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
the genetic source of diversity among cells
primary function of DNA
store and transmit the genetic information that tells cells w…
43 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 10: DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis
Virulent
Transformation
Bacteriophage
Nucleotide
describes a microorganism or virus that causes disease and th…
the transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments…
virus that infects bacteria
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
Virulent
describes a microorganism or virus that causes disease and th…
Transformation
the transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments…
32 terms
Biology-Chapter 10 DNA, RNA, & Protein Synthesis
virulent
transformation
bacteriophages
nucleotide
disease-causing strain of a bacterium
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
viruses that infect bacteria
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
virulent
disease-causing strain of a bacterium
transformation
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
27 terms
Chapter 10 Biology DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
deoxyribose
the transfer of geneticmaterial in the form of DNA fragments…
a virus that infects bacteria
in a nucleic-acid chain, a sub-unit that consists of a sugar,…
a five-carbon sugar that is a componet of DAN nucleotides.
transformation
the transfer of geneticmaterial in the form of DNA fragments…
bacteriophage
a virus that infects bacteria
59 terms
Biology Chapter 10 - DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis
DNA structure
Complementary base pairing
Replication fork
Purines
Double helix composed of paired nucleotides (sugar, phosphate…
Connected by hydrogen bonds; A-T and C-G
The points at which the DNA strands separate during replication
Bases with two rings of carbon and nitrogen atoms; Adenine an…
DNA structure
Double helix composed of paired nucleotides (sugar, phosphate…
Complementary base pairing
Connected by hydrogen bonds; A-T and C-G
32 terms
Chapter 10 Biology DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis
virulent
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
describes a microorgamism that causes disease and that is hig…
the transfer of geneticmaterial in the form of DNA fragments…
a virus that infects bacteria
in a nucleic-acid chain, a sub-unit that consists of a sugar,…
virulent
describes a microorgamism that causes disease and that is hig…
transformation
the transfer of geneticmaterial in the form of DNA fragments…
37 terms
Chapter 10 Biology DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis
virulent
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
describes a microorgamism that causes disease and that is hig…
the transfer of geneticmaterial in the form of DNA fragments…
a virus that infects bacteria
in a nucleic-acid chain, a sub-unit that consists of a sugar,…
virulent
describes a microorgamism that causes disease and that is hig…
transformation
the transfer of geneticmaterial in the form of DNA fragments…
32 terms
Biology: Chapter 10 (DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis)
virulent
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
describes a microorganism that causes disease and is highly i…
the transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments…
a virus that infects bacteria
in a nucleo-acid chain, a sub-unit that consists of a sugar,…
virulent
describes a microorganism that causes disease and is highly i…
transformation
the transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments…
32 terms
Biology Chapter 10 DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis
anticodon
bacteriophage
base sequence
base pairing rules
a region of a tRNA molecule that consists of a sequence of th…
a virus that infects bacteria
the order of nitrogenous bases on a chain of DNA
the rules stating that in DNA cytosine pairs with guanine and…
anticodon
a region of a tRNA molecule that consists of a sequence of th…
bacteriophage
a virus that infects bacteria
53 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis
DNA
DNA
nucleotides
deoxyribase, phosphate group, hydrogen…
hereditary information that is stored in the nucleus
-it is ultimately the genetic source of diversity... -used to st…
repeating subunits which DNA is made up of
3 parts that make up a nucleotide
DNA
hereditary information that is stored in the nucleus
DNA
-it is ultimately the genetic source of diversity... -used to st…
48 terms
Biology: Chapter 10 Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis
what does DNA stand for?
DNA is made up of repeating subunits c…
What are the three parts of a nucleoti…
DNA is made up of two nucleotides that…
deoxyribonucleic acid
nucleotides
5-sided sugar (deoxyribose), phosphate group, nitrogen base
double helix
what does DNA stand for?
deoxyribonucleic acid
DNA is made up of repeating subunits c…
nucleotides
43 terms
Biology Chapter 10 DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis
DNA is what
What are two nucleic acid chains of re…
What three things make up a DNA Nucleo…
What are the four nitrogen bases?
a nucleic acid
Nucleotides
Deoxyribose, Phosphate Groups, and Nitrogen containing
Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine, and Thymine
DNA is what
a nucleic acid
What are two nucleic acid chains of re…
Nucleotides
36 terms
biology ch.10 Protein Synthesis
what does the DNA molecule contain?
what do genes do?
what do genes code for? give examples.
because DNA is so large, _____________…
all your hereditary information in the form of genes
it tells our cells how to build specific proteins
EVERYTHING our body needs and does (saliva, bones, eye shape)
it is stuck inside the nucleus
what does the DNA molecule contain?
all your hereditary information in the form of genes
what do genes do?
it tells our cells how to build specific proteins
32 terms
Biology, Chapter 10, Nucleic Acids And Protein Synthesis
Adenine
Anticodon
Base-Pairing Rule
Codon
A nitrogen-containing base that is a component of a nucleotide
A region of tRNA consisting of three bases complementary to t…
The rule stating that in DNA, cytosine pairs with guanine and…
A group of the sequential nitrogen bases of an mRNA molecule.
Adenine
A nitrogen-containing base that is a component of a nucleotide
Anticodon
A region of tRNA consisting of three bases complementary to t…
95 terms
Academic Biology: Chapter 10 (Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis)
What does DNA stand for?
What is deoxyribose?
What is DNA's primary function?
What does DNA tell the cell to make?
Deoxyribonucleic acid
The five-carbon sugar in DNA nucleotides
Stores and transmits the genetic information
Proteins
What does DNA stand for?
Deoxyribonucleic acid
What is deoxyribose?
The five-carbon sugar in DNA nucleotides
14 terms
Chapter 10 - Protein Synthesis
Similarities of DNA & RNA
Differences between DNA & RNA
Nitrogen Bases of RNA
rRNA
-both have nitrogen bases... -both are polymers made up of nucle…
DNA... -Double Helix... -Thymine... -Deoxyribose as Sugar... RNA... -Single…
Adenine to Uracil... Cytosine to Guanine
ribosomal RNA that makes up the ribosomes
Similarities of DNA & RNA
-both have nitrogen bases... -both are polymers made up of nucle…
Differences between DNA & RNA
DNA... -Double Helix... -Thymine... -Deoxyribose as Sugar... RNA... -Single…
26 terms
Chapter 10: Protein Synthesis
gene expression
translation
transcription
uracil
the entire process by which proteins are made
the process of reading instructions on an RNA molecule to put…
the process of transferring a gene's instructions for making…
nitrogen base used in RNA instead of the base thymine found i…
gene expression
the entire process by which proteins are made
translation
the process of reading instructions on an RNA molecule to put…
33 terms
Chapter 10 Protein Synthesis
DNA
how do viruses replicate?
what is DNA composed of?
nucleotides
not a protein, is the genetic material of living organisms
they inject themselves into our cells in order to replicate
nucleotides
joined by covalent bonds between deoxyribose sugar and phosph…
DNA
not a protein, is the genetic material of living organisms
how do viruses replicate?
they inject themselves into our cells in order to replicate
29 terms
Chapter 10: protein synthesis
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
uracil
transcription
transcription takes place in the...
a molecule made of linked nucleotides
a nitrogen base used in RNA instead of the base thymine found…
the process of transferring a gene's instructions for making…
nucleus
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
a molecule made of linked nucleotides
uracil
a nitrogen base used in RNA instead of the base thymine found…
19 terms
Chapter 10- Protein Synthesis
Differences of RNA compared to DNA
Similarities of RNA compared to DNA
Is RNAs structure similar or different…
What is the function of RNA
-ribose sugar instead of deoxyribose... -single stranded instead…
-have coding... -have phosphoric bases... -have adenine, cytosine,…
Similar but RNA is single stranded instead of double stranded
To form proteins
Differences of RNA compared to DNA
-ribose sugar instead of deoxyribose... -single stranded instead…
Similarities of RNA compared to DNA
-have coding... -have phosphoric bases... -have adenine, cytosine,…
Chapter 10 DNA and Protein Synthesis
helicase
DNA polymerase
semi-conservative
5' to 3'
enzyme that unwinds and unzips DNA before replication
enzyme that builds a new DNA molecule
term describing how DNA replication saves half the original D…
direction that the leading strand builds DNA; leading strand…
helicase
enzyme that unwinds and unzips DNA before replication
DNA polymerase
enzyme that builds a new DNA molecule
19 terms
CHAPTER 10: TEST 1: MODERN BIOLOGY: DNA, RNA, and protein Synthesis Chapter 10 Multiple Choice
name the molecule that codes for (enco…
list three parts of a DNA nucleotide
draw and label a DNA nucleotide
name the sugar found in DNA
mRNA
1. the five carbon sugar is called deoxyribose sugar... 2. a pho…
deoxyribose
name the molecule that codes for (enco…
mRNA
list three parts of a DNA nucleotide
1. the five carbon sugar is called deoxyribose sugar... 2. a pho…
28 terms
Modern Biology - Chapter 10 - DNA, RNA and Protein Synthesis
virulent
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
Disease-causing
the transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments…
a virus that infects bacteria
in a nucleic-acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar,…
virulent
Disease-causing
transformation
the transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments…
67 terms
Chapter 10 Protein Synthesis
DNA stores information for both ____ a…
Importance of cell membrane?
Importance of immune system?
Importance of enzymes?
Inheritance and protein synthesis
Give structure and act as channels to move things in and out
Antibodies to fight disease
Speed up chemical reactions
DNA stores information for both ____ a…
Inheritance and protein synthesis
Importance of cell membrane?
Give structure and act as channels to move things in and out
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