Study sets matching "biology chapter 10"

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Study sets matching "biology chapter 10"

Biology chapter 10 vocab
Ribonucleic Acid
Uracil
Gene Expression
RNA polymerace
(RNA) single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ri…
A nitrogen base found in RNA
conversion of the information encoded in a gene first into me…
An enzyme that adds and links complementary RNA nucleotides d…
Ribonucleic Acid
(RNA) single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ri…
Uracil
A nitrogen base found in RNA
18 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Process by which cells from two different parents unite to pr…
Threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic…
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
16 terms
Biology Chapter 10
infectious disease
plague
pathogen
virus
An illness that can pass from person to person.
An infectious disease that spreads quickly and kills many peo…
A germ.
A type of germ that is not living.
infectious disease
An illness that can pass from person to person.
plague
An infectious disease that spreads quickly and kills many peo…
74 terms
Biology chapter 10
cell division
asexual reproduction (B-C10-1120)
sexual reproduction (B-C10-1120)
chromosomes (B-C10-1120)
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
When offspring are produced by the fusion of special reproduc…
packages of DNA.
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction (B-C10-1120)
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
65 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 10 (photosynthesis)
photosynthesis (definition)
photosynthesis (equation)
autotroph
heterotroph
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
organism that CAN capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that CANNOT produce its own food and therefore obtai…
photosynthesis (definition)
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
photosynthesis (equation)
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
15 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Chromosome
Chromatin
Cell Cycle
Interphase
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
Substance of which eukaryotic chromosomes are composed
The life cycle of a cell
Period of cell cycle during which activities such as cell gro…
Chromosome
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
Chromatin
Substance of which eukaryotic chromosomes are composed
Biology Chapter 10
Gene
Chromosome
Chromatin
Histone
A unit of heredity that consists of a segment of nucleic acid…
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
The substance of which eukaryotic chromosomes are composed.
A type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
Gene
A unit of heredity that consists of a segment of nucleic acid…
Chromosome
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
28 terms
Biology: Chapter 10 (Hower)
Cell division
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Chromosome
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
Cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
16 terms
Chapter 10 (Glencoe Biology)
Heredity
Trait
Genetics
Gene
Passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring.
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
Branch of biology that studies heredity.
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Heredity
Passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring.
Trait
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
31 terms
Biology Chapter 10
Gregor Mendel
Heredity
trait
genetics
Austrian monk - first person to predict how traits are transf…
passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring
inherited characteristics
branch of biology that studies heredity
Gregor Mendel
Austrian monk - first person to predict how traits are transf…
Heredity
passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring
74 terms
Biology chapter 10
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosomes
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
When offspring are produced by the fusion of special reproduc…
packages of DNA.
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
76 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Review
Virology
Two parts that compose a virus
Capsid
bacteriophage
The study of viruses
1) RNA/DNA ... 2) Protein Coat
outer protein coat of a virus
virus that infects a bacterial cell
Virology
The study of viruses
Two parts that compose a virus
1) RNA/DNA ... 2) Protein Coat
45 terms
Biology Chapter 10
limits to cell size/traffic probs/info…
surface area
volume
sa/v ratio
why are cells so small
the portion of a cell covered by the plasma membrane
the space inside a cell, includes cytoplasm + organelles
indicates the relative amount of plasma membrane available to…
limits to cell size/traffic probs/info…
why are cells so small
surface area
the portion of a cell covered by the plasma membrane
18 terms
Biology: Chapter 10 - Principles of Evolution
evolution
species
fossil
catastrophism
change in a species over time; process of biological change b…
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
trace of an organism from the past.
theory that states that natural disasters such as floods and…
evolution
change in a species over time; process of biological change b…
species
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
44 terms
AP Biology Chapter 10 Photosynthesis
autotroph
heterotroph
photoautotroph
chlorophyll
organism capable of synthesizing its own food from CO₂ and ot…
an organism that depends on other's complex organic substance…
plants that use energy from sunlight to convert carbon dioxid…
the green pigment located within chloroplasts. It absorbs lig…
autotroph
organism capable of synthesizing its own food from CO₂ and ot…
heterotroph
an organism that depends on other's complex organic substance…
16 terms
Chapter 10 (Glencoe Biology)
Heredity
Trait
Genetics
Gene
Passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring.
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
Branch of biology that studies heredity.
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Heredity
Passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring.
Trait
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
74 terms
Biology chapter 10
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosomes
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
When offspring are produced by the fusion of special reproduc…
packages of DNA.
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Genetics
Gamete
Fertilization
Hybrid
science of heredity
a haploid sex cell, formed during meiosis, that can combine w…
process by which haploid gametes combine, forming a diploid c…
organism heterozygous for a specific trait
Genetics
science of heredity
Gamete
a haploid sex cell, formed during meiosis, that can combine w…
54 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 10 (photosynthesis)
photosynthesis (definition)
photosynthesis (equation)
autotroph
heterotroph
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
organism that CAN capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that CANNOT produce its own food and therefore obtai…
photosynthesis (definition)
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
photosynthesis (equation)
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
29 terms
Chapter 10 molecular biology
Linus Pauling
Dr. James Watson/ Francis Crick
DNA
Semiconservative model.
-tried to determine the molecular structure of DNA... -Had been…
-Were racing Pauling to make discovery... -Wilkins showed images…
-Adenine-Thymine... Guanine-Cytosine... Why? because of Chargaff's…
After DNA replication there are two identical strands, each m…
Linus Pauling
-tried to determine the molecular structure of DNA... -Had been…
Dr. James Watson/ Francis Crick
-Were racing Pauling to make discovery... -Wilkins showed images…
65 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 10 (photosynthesis)
photosynthesis (definition)
photosynthesis (equation)
autotroph
heterotroph
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
organism that CAN capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that CANNOT produce its own food and therefore obtai…
photosynthesis (definition)
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
photosynthesis (equation)
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
Biology Chapter 10
Genes
Homologous chromosomes
Gamete
Haploid cell
Segments of DNA in a chromosome that control the production o…
Chromosomes that make up a pair, one from each parent
Sex cells that have half the number of chromosomes
A cell with n number of chromosomes
Genes
Segments of DNA in a chromosome that control the production o…
Homologous chromosomes
Chromosomes that make up a pair, one from each parent
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Gene
Homologous Chromosome
Gamete
Haploid
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
Sex cell
An organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosom…
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Homologous Chromosome
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
15 terms
Chapter 10 Biology
Diploid
Heredity
Dominant
Gamete
cell with 2 kinds of each chromosome (2n)
passing on of characteristics from parent to offspring
observed trait
sex cell (egg or sperm)
Diploid
cell with 2 kinds of each chromosome (2n)
Heredity
passing on of characteristics from parent to offspring
Biology Chapter 10 - Cell Growth and Division
* What problems does growth cause for…
cell division... 10.1
As a cell increases in size, which inc…
Equation to determine ratio of surface…
* The larger a cell becomes:... - the more demands the cell plac…
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Its volume
length x width x 6 ... 1cm cubed = 1cm x 1cm x 6 = 6cm2 (6cm squ…
* What problems does growth cause for…
* The larger a cell becomes:... - the more demands the cell plac…
cell division... 10.1
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
25 terms
Biology Chapter 10
Human papillomavirus can cause cervica…
A diploid cell has_______ the number o…
An organism's traits are determined by…
The first level of DNA organization in…
E6 binding marks p53 for degradation
twice
genes
histone
Human papillomavirus can cause cervica…
E6 binding marks p53 for degradation
A diploid cell has_______ the number o…
twice
Biology, Chapter 10.1, Meiosis
gene
homologous chromosomes
gamete
haploid
segment of a chromosome containing the DNA; important in dete…
chromosomes that make up a pair, one from each parent
sex cells which have half the number of chromosomes; in human…
cell having 1 copy of each chromosome
gene
segment of a chromosome containing the DNA; important in dete…
homologous chromosomes
chromosomes that make up a pair, one from each parent
BIOLOGY CHAPTER 10- DIGESTION
APPENDIX
Bile
chemical change
digestion
A small, finger like part of the digestive system; contains a…
A substance produced by the liver that breaks up fat particles.
A change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
the changing of food into a usable form
APPENDIX
A small, finger like part of the digestive system; contains a…
Bile
A substance produced by the liver that breaks up fat particles.
18 terms
Biology: Chapter 10 - Principles of Evolution
evolution
species
fossil
catastrophism
change in a species over time; process of biological change b…
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
trace of an organism from the past.
theory that states that natural disasters such as floods and…
evolution
change in a species over time; process of biological change b…
species
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
107 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 10 (photosynthesis), AP Biology Chapter 10 Photosynthesis
photosynthesis (definition)
photosynthesis (equation)
autotroph
heterotroph
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
organism that CAN capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that CANNOT produce its own food and therefore obtai…
photosynthesis (definition)
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
photosynthesis (equation)
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
19 terms
Biology Chapter 10: DIGESTION
Appendix
Bile
Chemical Change
Digestion
A small, finger like extension of the digestive system where…
A green substance that breaks up fat particles
turns food into a form that cells can use
the changing of food into a usable form
Appendix
A small, finger like extension of the digestive system where…
Bile
A green substance that breaks up fat particles
Biology Chapter 10 Study Guide
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Replication
Mitosis
The regular sequence of growth & division that cells undergo.
The stage of the cell cycle that takes place before cell divi…
The process by which a cell makes a copy of the DNA in its nu…
The stage of the cell cycle during which the cell's nucleus d…
Cell Cycle
The regular sequence of growth & division that cells undergo.
Interphase
The stage of the cell cycle that takes place before cell divi…
Biology 10 chapter 10 vocabulary
virulent
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
A virulent strain of a bacterium is one that causes disease.
Process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
A virus that infects bacteria
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
virulent
A virulent strain of a bacterium is one that causes disease.
transformation
Process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
12 terms
Openstax Chapter 10 Biology
Cell Cycle
Interphase
G1 Phase
S Phase
An ordered series of events involving cell growth and cell di…
The cell grows and DNA is replicated, it happens before Mitos…
First Gap Phase... Cell accumulates building blocks of DNA and…
Synthesis Phase... DNA replication occurs - formation of identi…
Cell Cycle
An ordered series of events involving cell growth and cell di…
Interphase
The cell grows and DNA is replicated, it happens before Mitos…
25 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Review
Algae
Color of algae
70%
Foods from algae
watery grass
varies by phylum
amount of world's oxygen from algae in oceans
ice cream, jello, sushi
Algae
watery grass
Color of algae
varies by phylum
18 terms
Biology: Chapter 10 - Principles of Evolution
evolution
species
fossil
catastrophism
change in a species over time; process of biological change b…
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
trace of an organism from the past.
theory that states that natural disasters such as floods and…
evolution
change in a species over time; process of biological change b…
species
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
34 terms
Campbell Biology | Chapter 10
Photosynthesis
Energy, Carbon Skeletons
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Converts light energy to the chemical energy of food through…
Organisms need organic compounds for ____ and making _____ __…
"Self-Feeders", they don't eat anything derived from other li…
Live on compounds produced by other organisms.
Photosynthesis
Converts light energy to the chemical energy of food through…
Energy, Carbon Skeletons
Organisms need organic compounds for ____ and making _____ __…
7 terms
Ap Biology Chapter 10
6CO₂+12H₂O+light energy=====>C₆H₁₂O₆+6…
Chlorophyl
Photosystems
Water
The equation of photosynthesis
The molecule that is oxidized
Light harvesting units of the thylakoid membrane
The electrons that are lost from chlorophyl is restored by this
6CO₂+12H₂O+light energy=====>C₆H₁₂O₆+6…
The equation of photosynthesis
Chlorophyl
The molecule that is oxidized
45 terms
Biology Chapter 10-Student Created
Allele
Crossing over
Synapsis
Diploid
Alternative form that a single gene may have for a particular…
Exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
Pairing of homologus chromosomes in a diploid cell, as occurs…
Cell with two copies of each chromosome (2n).
Allele
Alternative form that a single gene may have for a particular…
Crossing over
Exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
65 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 10 (photosynthesis)
photosynthesis (definition)
photosynthesis (equation)
autotroph
heterotroph
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
organism that CAN capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that CANNOT produce its own food and therefore obtai…
photosynthesis (definition)
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
photosynthesis (equation)
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
56 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 10 (photosynthesis)
photosynthesis (definition)
photosynthesis (equation)
autotroph
heterotroph
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
organism that CAN capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that CANNOT produce its own food and therefore obtai…
photosynthesis (definition)
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
photosynthesis (equation)
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
Biology Chapter 10
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosomes
process by which a cell divides into 2 daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parents that resul…
type of reproduction in which the cells from two parents unit…
threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
cell division
process by which a cell divides into 2 daughter cells
asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parents that resul…
82 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 10 (photosynthesis), AP Biology Chapter 10 Photosynthesis
photosynthesis (definition)
photosynthesis (equation)
autotroph
heterotroph
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
organism that CAN capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that CANNOT produce its own food and therefore obtai…
photosynthesis (definition)
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
photosynthesis (equation)
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
34 terms
Biology Chapter 10 terms
meiosis
where meiosis happens
stages of meiosis
results of meiosis
reduction division process, occurring only in reproductive ce…
in reproduction cells
interphase, prophase I, metaphase I, anaphase I, telophase I,…
creates 4 haploid daughter cells, results in genetic variations
meiosis
reduction division process, occurring only in reproductive ce…
where meiosis happens
in reproduction cells
Biology chapter 10
Evolution
Species
Fossil
Catastrophism
change in a species over time; process of biological change b…
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
trace of an organism from the past
theory that states that natural disasters such as floods and…
Evolution
change in a species over time; process of biological change b…
Species
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 10: Cell Growth and Division
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Chromosomes
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Fusion of two separate parent cells
23 pair, Genetic info is bundled into
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
103 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 10
molecular biology
bacteriophages
phages
nucleotides
The study of the molecular basis of genes and gene expression…
A virus that infects bacteria; also called a phage
A virus that infects bacteria; also called a bacteriophage
Building blocks of nucleic acids, consisting of a five-carbon…
molecular biology
The study of the molecular basis of genes and gene expression…
bacteriophages
A virus that infects bacteria; also called a phage
18 terms
Biology Chapter 10
cardiovascular system
plasma
hemoglobin
William Harvey
the heart, the blood vessels, and the blood they contain
straw-colored liquid portion of the blood
special iron-containing blood protein that lets blood cells c…
first to describe the circulation of blood accurately
cardiovascular system
the heart, the blood vessels, and the blood they contain
plasma
straw-colored liquid portion of the blood
34 terms
Biology 1441 Chapter 10
photosynthesis
autotrophs
heterotrophs
mesophyll
anabolic; the conversion of light energy to chemical energy t…
an organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
leaf cells specialized for photosynthesis, in C3 and CAM plan…
photosynthesis
anabolic; the conversion of light energy to chemical energy t…
autotrophs
an organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
Biology Vocab - Chapter 10
evolution
species
fossil
catastrophism
process of biological change by which descendants differ from…
a group of organisms so similar to each other that they can r…
traces of organisms that existed in the past
states that natural disasters such as a floods and volcanic e…
evolution
process of biological change by which descendants differ from…
species
a group of organisms so similar to each other that they can r…
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