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Study sets matching "biology chapter 10"

56 terms
Biology chapter 10
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosomes
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
When offspring are produced by the fusion of special reproduc…
packages of DNA.
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
18 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Chromosome
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Process by which cells from two different parents unite to pr…
Threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic…
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
16 terms
Biology chapter 10 vocab
Ribonucleic Acid
Uracil
Gene Expression
RNA polymerace
(RNA) single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ri…
A nitrogen base found in RNA
conversion of the information encoded in a gene first into me…
An enzyme that adds and links complementary RNA nucleotides d…
Ribonucleic Acid
(RNA) single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ri…
Uracil
A nitrogen base found in RNA
16 terms
Biology Chapter 10
infectious disease
plague
pathogen
virus
An illness that can pass from person to person.
An infectious disease that spreads quickly and kills many peo…
A germ.
A type of germ that is not living.
infectious disease
An illness that can pass from person to person.
plague
An infectious disease that spreads quickly and kills many peo…
76 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Review
Virology
Two parts that compose a virus
Capsid
bacteriophage
The study of viruses
1) RNA/DNA ... 2) Protein Coat
outer protein coat of a virus
virus that infects a bacterial cell
Virology
The study of viruses
Two parts that compose a virus
1) RNA/DNA ... 2) Protein Coat
29 terms
Chapter 10 molecular biology
Linus Pauling
Dr. James Watson/ Francis Crick
DNA
Semiconservative model.
-tried to determine the molecular structure of DNA... -Had been…
-Were racing Pauling to make discovery... -Wilkins showed images…
-Adenine-Thymine... Guanine-Cytosine... Why? because of Chargaff's…
After DNA replication there are two identical strands, each m…
Linus Pauling
-tried to determine the molecular structure of DNA... -Had been…
Dr. James Watson/ Francis Crick
-Were racing Pauling to make discovery... -Wilkins showed images…
16 terms
Chapter 10 (Glencoe Biology)
Heredity
Trait
Genetics
Gene
Passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring.
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
Branch of biology that studies heredity.
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Heredity
Passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring.
Trait
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
74 terms
Biology chapter 10
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosomes
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
When offspring are produced by the fusion of special reproduc…
packages of DNA.
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
45 terms
Biology Chapter 10
limits to cell size/traffic probs/info…
surface area
volume
sa/v ratio
why are cells so small
the portion of a cell covered by the plasma membrane
the space inside a cell, includes cytoplasm + organelles
indicates the relative amount of plasma membrane available to…
limits to cell size/traffic probs/info…
why are cells so small
surface area
the portion of a cell covered by the plasma membrane
8 terms
Biology Chapter 10
Gene
Chromosome
Chromatin
Histone
A unit of heredity that consists of a segment of nucleic acid…
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
The substance of which eukaryotic chromosomes are composed.
A type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
Gene
A unit of heredity that consists of a segment of nucleic acid…
Chromosome
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Chromosome
Chromatin
Cell Cycle
Interphase
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
Substance of which eukaryotic chromosomes are composed
The life cycle of a cell
Period of cell cycle during which activities such as cell gro…
Chromosome
In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
Chromatin
Substance of which eukaryotic chromosomes are composed
44 terms
AP Biology Chapter 10 Photosynthesis
autotroph
heterotroph
photoautotroph
chlorophyll
organism capable of synthesizing its own food from CO₂ and ot…
an organism that depends on other's complex organic substance…
plants that use energy from sunlight to convert carbon dioxid…
the green pigment located within chloroplasts. It absorbs lig…
autotroph
organism capable of synthesizing its own food from CO₂ and ot…
heterotroph
an organism that depends on other's complex organic substance…
74 terms
Biology chapter 10
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosomes
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
When offspring are produced by the fusion of special reproduc…
packages of DNA.
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
18 terms
Biology: Chapter 10 - Principles of Evolution
evolution
species
fossil
catastrophism
change in a species over time; process of biological change b…
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
trace of an organism from the past.
theory that states that natural disasters such as floods and…
evolution
change in a species over time; process of biological change b…
species
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
65 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 10 (photosynthesis)
photosynthesis (definition)
photosynthesis (equation)
autotroph
heterotroph
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
organism that CAN capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that CANNOT produce its own food and therefore obtai…
photosynthesis (definition)
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
photosynthesis (equation)
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
39 terms
Biology Chapter 10 - Cell Growth and Division
* What problems does growth cause for…
cell division... 10.1
As a cell increases in size, which inc…
Equation to determine ratio of surface…
* The larger a cell becomes:... - the more demands the cell plac…
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Its volume
length x width x 6 ... 1cm cubed = 1cm x 1cm x 6 = 6cm2 (6cm squ…
* What problems does growth cause for…
* The larger a cell becomes:... - the more demands the cell plac…
cell division... 10.1
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
15 terms
Biology Chapter 10 vocabulary
Cell division
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatid
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell's nucl…
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
One of two identical sister parts of a duplicated chromosome
Cell division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Mitosis
Part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell's nucl…
56 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 10 (photosynthesis)
photosynthesis (definition)
photosynthesis (equation)
autotroph
heterotroph
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
organism that CAN capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that CANNOT produce its own food and therefore obtai…
photosynthesis (definition)
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
photosynthesis (equation)
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
65 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 10 (photosynthesis)
photosynthesis (definition)
photosynthesis (equation)
autotroph
heterotroph
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
organism that CAN capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that CANNOT produce its own food and therefore obtai…
photosynthesis (definition)
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
photosynthesis (equation)
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
65 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 10 (photosynthesis)
photosynthesis (definition)
photosynthesis (equation)
autotroph
heterotroph
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
organism that CAN capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that CANNOT produce its own food and therefore obtai…
photosynthesis (definition)
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
photosynthesis (equation)
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
65 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 10 (photosynthesis)
photosynthesis (definition)
photosynthesis (equation)
autotroph
heterotroph
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
organism that CAN capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that CANNOT produce its own food and therefore obtai…
photosynthesis (definition)
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
photosynthesis (equation)
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
Biology, Chapter 10.1, Meiosis
gene
homologous chromosomes
gamete
haploid
segment of a chromosome containing the DNA; important in dete…
chromosomes that make up a pair, one from each parent
sex cells which have half the number of chromosomes; in human…
cell having 1 copy of each chromosome
gene
segment of a chromosome containing the DNA; important in dete…
homologous chromosomes
chromosomes that make up a pair, one from each parent
107 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 10 (photosynthesis), AP Biology Chapter 10 Photosynthesis
photosynthesis (definition)
photosynthesis (equation)
autotroph
heterotroph
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
organism that CAN capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that CANNOT produce its own food and therefore obtai…
photosynthesis (definition)
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
photosynthesis (equation)
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
15 terms
Chapter 10 Biology
Diploid
Heredity
Dominant
Gamete
cell with 2 kinds of each chromosome (2n)
passing on of characteristics from parent to offspring
observed trait
sex cell (egg or sperm)
Diploid
cell with 2 kinds of each chromosome (2n)
Heredity
passing on of characteristics from parent to offspring
25 terms
Biology Chapter 10
Human papillomavirus can cause cervica…
A diploid cell has_______ the number o…
An organism's traits are determined by…
The first level of DNA organization in…
E6 binding marks p53 for degradation
twice
genes
histone
Human papillomavirus can cause cervica…
E6 binding marks p53 for degradation
A diploid cell has_______ the number o…
twice
19 terms
BIOLOGY CHAPTER 10- DIGESTION
APPENDIX
Bile
chemical change
digestion
A small, finger like part of the digestive system; contains a…
A substance produced by the liver that breaks up fat particles.
A change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
the changing of food into a usable form
APPENDIX
A small, finger like part of the digestive system; contains a…
Bile
A substance produced by the liver that breaks up fat particles.
19 terms
Biology Chapter 10: DIGESTION
Appendix
Bile
Chemical Change
Digestion
A small, finger like extension of the digestive system where…
A green substance that breaks up fat particles
turns food into a form that cells can use
the changing of food into a usable form
Appendix
A small, finger like extension of the digestive system where…
Bile
A green substance that breaks up fat particles
21 terms
Biology Chapter 10 Study Guide
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Replication
Mitosis
The regular sequence of growth & division that cells undergo.
The stage of the cell cycle that takes place before cell divi…
The process by which a cell makes a copy of the DNA in its nu…
The stage of the cell cycle during which the cell's nucleus d…
Cell Cycle
The regular sequence of growth & division that cells undergo.
Interphase
The stage of the cell cycle that takes place before cell divi…
18 terms
Biology: Chapter 10 - Principles of Evolution
evolution
species
fossil
catastrophism
change in a species over time; process of biological change b…
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
trace of an organism from the past.
theory that states that natural disasters such as floods and…
evolution
change in a species over time; process of biological change b…
species
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
18 terms
Biology: Chapter 10 - Principles of Evolution
evolution
species
fossil
catastrophism
change in a species over time; process of biological change b…
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
trace of an organism from the past.
theory that states that natural disasters such as floods and…
evolution
change in a species over time; process of biological change b…
species
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
45 terms
Biology Chapter 10-Student Created
Allele
Crossing over
Synapsis
Diploid
Alternative form that a single gene may have for a particular…
Exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
Pairing of homologus chromosomes in a diploid cell, as occurs…
Cell with two copies of each chromosome (2n).
Allele
Alternative form that a single gene may have for a particular…
Crossing over
Exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
34 terms
Campbell Biology | Chapter 10
Photosynthesis
Energy, Carbon Skeletons
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Converts light energy to the chemical energy of food through…
Organisms need organic compounds for ____ and making _____ __…
"Self-Feeders", they don't eat anything derived from other li…
Live on compounds produced by other organisms.
Photosynthesis
Converts light energy to the chemical energy of food through…
Energy, Carbon Skeletons
Organisms need organic compounds for ____ and making _____ __…
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 10
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
threadlike structure within the nucleus that contains genetic…
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
18 terms
Biology Vocab - Chapter 10
evolution
species
fossil
catastrophism
process of biological change by which descendants differ from…
a group of organisms so similar to each other that they can r…
traces of organisms that existed in the past
states that natural disasters such as a floods and volcanic e…
evolution
process of biological change by which descendants differ from…
species
a group of organisms so similar to each other that they can r…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 10: Cell Growth and Division
Cell Division
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Chromosomes
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Fusion of two separate parent cells
23 pair, Genetic info is bundled into
Cell Division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Asexual Reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
50 terms
Campbell Biology 10th ed. Chapter 10
photosynthesis
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12…
anabolic
catabolic
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
Equation for photosynthesis
Photosynthesis is a(n) anabolic or catabolic process?
Cell respiration is a(n) anabolic or catabolic process?
photosynthesis
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12…
Equation for photosynthesis
34 terms
Biology 1441 Chapter 10
photosynthesis
autotrophs
heterotrophs
mesophyll
anabolic; the conversion of light energy to chemical energy t…
an organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
leaf cells specialized for photosynthesis, in C3 and CAM plan…
photosynthesis
anabolic; the conversion of light energy to chemical energy t…
autotrophs
an organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
35 terms
Biology and Honors Biology - Chapter 10 - Cell Division
2 Limits to Cell Growth
DNA Overload
Exchanging materials
Chromosomes
DNA Overload... Exchanging Materials
A limit of cell growth where as the cell increases in size, i…
A limit of cell growth where the Rate of exchange depends on…
Long strands of DNA
2 Limits to Cell Growth
DNA Overload... Exchanging Materials
DNA Overload
A limit of cell growth where as the cell increases in size, i…
13 terms
Biology Chapter 10 - McElhaney
antibody
Food Guide Pyramid
immune system
immunity
a material in the body that fights a specific pathogen
a guide for good nutrition
the body's most important defense against infectious diseases
the ability of the body to fight off a specific pathogen
antibody
a material in the body that fights a specific pathogen
Food Guide Pyramid
a guide for good nutrition
18 terms
Biology: Chapter 10 - Principles of Evolution
evolution
species
fossil
catastrophism
change in a species over time; process of biological change b…
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
trace of an organism from the past.
theory that states that natural disasters such as floods and…
evolution
change in a species over time; process of biological change b…
species
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
28 terms
Pearson Texas Biology: Chapter 10 Cell Growth and Division N. Walker
Cell division
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Chromosome
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells.
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
Type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to…
Threadlike structure of DNA and protein that contains genetic…
Cell division
Process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells.
Asexual reproduction
Process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
31 terms
Biology 10 chapter 10 vocabulary
virulent
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
A virulent strain of a bacterium is one that causes disease.
Process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
A virus that infects bacteria
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
virulent
A virulent strain of a bacterium is one that causes disease.
transformation
Process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
57 terms
Biology Chapter 10
centomere
G0
binary fission
s phase
spot that holds the 2 cromatid copies together
phase of the cell cycle in which the cell stops dividing
cell division in bacteria
phase of the cell cycle in which DNA is copied
centomere
spot that holds the 2 cromatid copies together
G0
phase of the cell cycle in which the cell stops dividing
47 terms
Chapter 10 biology Hirn
evolution
species
fossil
catastrophism
change in a species over time; process of biological change b…
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
trace of an organism from the past.
theory that states that natural disasters such as floods and…
evolution
change in a species over time; process of biological change b…
species
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
Biology, Chapter 10.2, Mendelian Genetics
genetics
allele
dominant
recessive
science of heredity; began with Mendel
an alternative form of a single gene passed from generation t…
form of a specific trait that appears; represented by a capit…
form of a specific trait that is masked or hidden; represente…
genetics
science of heredity; began with Mendel
allele
an alternative form of a single gene passed from generation t…
16 terms
Biology Chapter 10
What does meiosis produce?
What is a haploid?
What is a diploid?
If it is a component of body tissue th…
Haploid gametes
A cell with half the number of chromosomes (n) as a diploid (…
A cell containing two complete sets of chromosomes, one from…
Somatic cell
What does meiosis produce?
Haploid gametes
What is a haploid?
A cell with half the number of chromosomes (n) as a diploid (…
27 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 10
allele
dominant
fertilization
gamete
an alternative form of a gene
the observed trait
a process in which the male gamete unites with the female gam…
male and female sex cells
allele
an alternative form of a gene
dominant
the observed trait
34 terms
AP Biology Chapter 10 Photosynthesis
autotroph
heterotroph
photoautotroph
chlorophyll
organism capable of synthesizing its own food from CO₂ and ot…
an organism that depends on other's complex organic substance…
plants that use energy from sunlight to convert carbon dioxid…
the green pigment located within chloroplasts. It absorbs lig…
autotroph
organism capable of synthesizing its own food from CO₂ and ot…
heterotroph
an organism that depends on other's complex organic substance…
45 terms
Biology Chapter 10-Student Created
Allele
Crossing over
Synapsis
Diploid
Alternative form that a single gene may have for a particular…
Exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
Pairing of homologus chromosomes in a diploid cell, as occurs…
Cell with two copies of each chromosome (2n).
Allele
Alternative form that a single gene may have for a particular…
Crossing over
Exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous…
54 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 10 (photosynthesis)
photosynthesis (definition)
photosynthesis (equation)
autotroph
heterotroph
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
organism that CAN capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that CANNOT produce its own food and therefore obtai…
photosynthesis (definition)
process of harnessing light energy to build carbohydrates in…
photosynthesis (equation)
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light energy --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
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