Study sets matching "biology chapter 11"

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14 terms
Biology Chapter 11
carrier
pedigree
incomplete dominance
codominance
person who is heterozygous for a recessive trait
a family's history that traces genetic traits
A pattern of inheritance in which two alleles, inherited from…
A condition in which both alleles for a gene are fully expres…
carrier
person who is heterozygous for a recessive trait
pedigree
a family's history that traces genetic traits
40 terms
Biology Chapter 11
genetics
fertilization
trait
hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Specific characteristic of an individual
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
genetics
Scientific study of heredity
fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
32 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Review
Ventricle that is oxygen poor
Receives blood from pulmonary veins
Receives blood from the vena cavas
Atrium that has deoxygenated blood
Right Ventricle
Left Atrium
Right atrium
Right atrium
Ventricle that is oxygen poor
Right Ventricle
Receives blood from pulmonary veins
Left Atrium
Biology Chapter 11 vocab
Genetic engineering
Recombinant DNA
Restrictive enzyme
Vector
A technology in which the genome of a living cell is modified…
DNA molecules that are artificially created by combining DNA…
An enzyme that destroys foreign DNA molecules by cutting them…
Any agent such as plasmid or virus that can incorporate forei…
Genetic engineering
A technology in which the genome of a living cell is modified…
Recombinant DNA
DNA molecules that are artificially created by combining DNA…
10 terms
Biology Chapter 11 vocabulary
integumentary
epidermis
dermis
subcutaneous layer
the system that covers the outside of the body and is also kn…
the part of the integumentary system that is exposed to the e…
second layer of skin, which is the most complex layer
fatty layer of loose connective tissue that binds the skin to…
integumentary
the system that covers the outside of the body and is also kn…
epidermis
the part of the integumentary system that is exposed to the e…
47 terms
Biology Chapter 11
What is genetics?
What is a trait?
Who mas Gregor Mendel?
What were Mendel's original plants cal…
The scientific study of heredity.
A specific characteristic that varies from one individual to…
A monk who lived in the 1800's who was a pioneer in the field…
P, which stands for parental.
What is genetics?
The scientific study of heredity.
What is a trait?
A specific characteristic that varies from one individual to…
14 terms
Biology Chapter 11
gene pool
allele frequency
normal distribution
microevolution
collection of alleles found in all of the individuals of a po…
proportion of one allele, compared with all the alleles for t…
distribution in a population in which allele frequency is hig…
observable changes in the allele frequencies of a population…
gene pool
collection of alleles found in all of the individuals of a po…
allele frequency
proportion of one allele, compared with all the alleles for t…
Biology 201 Chapter 11
Central nervous system (CNS)
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
3 overlapping functions of the Nervous…
What Neuroglia (glial cells)—supportin…
-Brain and spinal cord... -Integration and command center - who…
Paired spinal and cranial nerves carry messages to and from t…
1. Sensory input - information gathered by sensory receptors…
Astrocytes (CNS)... Microglia (CNS)... Ependymal cells (CNS)... Oligod…
Central nervous system (CNS)
-Brain and spinal cord... -Integration and command center - who…
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Paired spinal and cranial nerves carry messages to and from t…
41 terms
Grieb BJU Biology Chapter 11
protist
eyespot
cyst
contractile vacuole
a member of the kingdom Protista; eukaryotic but not a true a…
a light-sensitive area of some organisms
a structure similar to a spore that is formed as part of the…
a vacuole, found in some cells, that collects water and expel…
protist
a member of the kingdom Protista; eukaryotic but not a true a…
eyespot
a light-sensitive area of some organisms
53 terms
Biology Chapter 11
define genetics
define fertilization
what is the principle of dominance
define alleles
the scientific study of heredity
the process when male and female reproductive cells join
the principle of dominance states that some alleles are domin…
the different forms of a gene
define genetics
the scientific study of heredity
define fertilization
the process when male and female reproductive cells join
19 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Pearson Genetics
Genetics
True breeding
Trait
Hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
Specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits, o…
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
True breeding
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
Biology Chapter 11
Carrier
What are the types of basic human inhe…
Pedigree
What are examples of complex inheritan…
An individual who is heterozygous for a recessive disorder
Recessive genetic disorders and dominant genetic disorders
A diagram that traces the inheritance of a particular trait t…
Incomplete dominance, codominance, multiple alleles, epistasi…
Carrier
An individual who is heterozygous for a recessive disorder
What are the types of basic human inhe…
Recessive genetic disorders and dominant genetic disorders
Biology Chapter 11 Vocabulary
carrier
pedigree
incomplete dominance
codominance
individual heterozygous for a recessive genetic disorder
diagrammed family history that is used to study inheritance p…
complex inheritance pattern in which the heterozygous phenoty…
complex inheritance pattern that occurs when neither allele i…
carrier
individual heterozygous for a recessive genetic disorder
pedigree
diagrammed family history that is used to study inheritance p…
27 terms
Biology: Chapter 11 (Hower)
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrids
the scientific study of heredity
a process during sexual reproduction in which the male and fe…
a specific characteristic
the offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
Genetics
the scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
a process during sexual reproduction in which the male and fe…
41 terms
Biology Chapter 11- Genetics
what assorts independently during meio…
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
chromosomes
the scientific study of heredity
the process in which the male and female reproductive cells j…
organisms that produce offspring identical to themselves thro…
what assorts independently during meio…
chromosomes
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
21 terms
Biology Chapter 11
genetics
Gregor Mendel
fertilization
trait
the scientific study of heredity
an Austrian monk who founded the modern science of genetics
the process during which male and female reproductive cells j…
a specific characteristic such as seed color or plant height
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
Gregor Mendel
an Austrian monk who founded the modern science of genetics
19 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Pearson Genetics
Genetics
True breeding
Trait
Hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
Specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits, o…
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
True breeding
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
Biology Chapter 11- Genetics
what assorts independently during meio…
genetics
fertilization
trait
chromosomes
the scientific study of heredity
the process in which the male and female reproductive cells j…
a specific chracteristic
what assorts independently during meio…
chromosomes
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
34 terms
Biology Chapter 11
How does nondisjunction cause serious…
What results from dosage compensation…
Is colorblindness more common with boy…
How is the sex of a human determined
sister chromatids fail to separate; alters the number of chro…
the extra x chromosome becomes inactivated
SEx linked trait. X-linked..males have only one X chromosome…
The sex chromosomes ; XX= female XY =male What the male contr…
How does nondisjunction cause serious…
sister chromatids fail to separate; alters the number of chro…
What results from dosage compensation…
the extra x chromosome becomes inactivated
76 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Quest
heredity
genetics
traits
alleles
transmission of traits from parents to offspring
study of heredity
characteristics passed down from parents to offspring; ex - a…
genes governing the same trait; different forms a gene can ta…
heredity
transmission of traits from parents to offspring
genetics
study of heredity
25 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 11
allele
gamete
gene
genetics
one of a number of different forms of a gene
specialized cell involved in sexual reproduction
sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines…
scientific study of heredity
allele
one of a number of different forms of a gene
gamete
specialized cell involved in sexual reproduction
22 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 11 Terms
DNA replication
nitrogenous base
double helix
messenger RNA
The process in which DNA makes a duplicate copy of itself.
Single or double ring of carbon and nitrogen atoms with attac…
The twisted ladder structure of DNA.
RNA molecule that carries copies of instructions for the asse…
DNA replication
The process in which DNA makes a duplicate copy of itself.
nitrogenous base
Single or double ring of carbon and nitrogen atoms with attac…
28 terms
Biology Chapter 11 with images
signal transduction pathway
local regulator
hormone
ligand
process where surface cellular responses cause responses with…
a released, short-distance signaling molecule which travels b…
a released, long-distance signaling molecule which travels be…
a signaling molecule
signal transduction pathway
process where surface cellular responses cause responses with…
local regulator
a released, short-distance signaling molecule which travels b…
19 terms
Chapter 11 Biology Terms
Signal Transduction Pathway
Multicellular Communication
Local Regulators
Reception
-a series of steps by which a signal on a cell's surfacce is…
-animals and plants cells have cell junctions that connect th…
messenger molecules used by animal cells to communicate short…
ligand, or a signal molecule, binds to a receptor protein (…
Signal Transduction Pathway
-a series of steps by which a signal on a cell's surfacce is…
Multicellular Communication
-animals and plants cells have cell junctions that connect th…
NW Biology Chapter 11 Study Guide
Prophase I
Metaphase I
Anaphase I
Telophase I
tetrads of homologous chromosomes form (pop up) + crossing over
tetrads move to equator (middle)
homologous pairs of chromosomes pull (apart)
chromosomes are (together) at poles; cytokinesis occurs
Prophase I
tetrads of homologous chromosomes form (pop up) + crossing over
Metaphase I
tetrads move to equator (middle)
23 terms
AP Biology Chapter 11
Monohybrid Cross
Locus
Alleles
Dominant Allele
Cross between parents that differ in only one trait.
The physical condition of a trait or gene on a chromosome.
Alternative form of a gene; occur at the same locus on homolo…
Allele that exerts it's phenotypic effect in the heterozygote…
Monohybrid Cross
Cross between parents that differ in only one trait.
Locus
The physical condition of a trait or gene on a chromosome.
Biology Chapter 11
genetics
fertilization
trait
hybrid
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
specific characteristic of an individual
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Chapter 11.1-11.3 Biology Vocabulary
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
specific characteristic of an individual
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits (c…
Genetics
scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
18 terms
Chapter 11 Biology
Genetics
true-breeding
hybird
gene
scientifc study of heredity
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
the chemial factors that determine
Genetics
scientifc study of heredity
true-breeding
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
30 terms
BJU Biology Chapter 11 Vocabulary
protist
eyespot
cyst
contractile vacuole
a member of the kingdom Protista; eukaryotic but not a true a…
a light-sensitive area of some organisms
a structure similar to a spore that is formed as part of the…
a vacuole, found in some cells, that collects water and expel…
protist
a member of the kingdom Protista; eukaryotic but not a true a…
eyespot
a light-sensitive area of some organisms
38 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 11
Gene Expression
Genome
Jacob and Monod
Lactose
the activation of a gene that results in transcription and th…
the genetic material contained in an individual
the scientists that discovered how genes control the metaboli…
A disaccharide that is composed of two monosaccharides glucos…
Gene Expression
the activation of a gene that results in transcription and th…
Genome
the genetic material contained in an individual
15 terms
AP Biology Chapter 11
signal transduction pathway
hormones
ligand
protein kinase
The process by which a signal on a cell's surface is converte…
Circulating chemical signals that are formed in specialized c…
A molecule that specifically binds to another molecule, often…
The enzyme that transfers phosphate groups from ATP to protein.
signal transduction pathway
The process by which a signal on a cell's surface is converte…
hormones
Circulating chemical signals that are formed in specialized c…
24 terms
Biology: Chapter 11 - Evolution of Populations
gene pool
allele frequency
normal distribution
microevolution
collection of alleles found in all of the individuals of a po…
proportion of one allele, compared with all the alleles for t…
distribution in a population in which allele frequency is hig…
observable change in the allele frequencies of a population o…
gene pool
collection of alleles found in all of the individuals of a po…
allele frequency
proportion of one allele, compared with all the alleles for t…
16 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Pearson Genetics
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits, o…
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
33 terms
Biology Chapter 11
heredity
genetics
true-breeding (v)
trait
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
science of heredity
self-pollinating... parent and offspring are identical
specific characteristic ... i.e. hair color, eye color, face shape
heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
genetics
science of heredity
Chapter 11.1-11.3 Biology Vocabulary
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
specific characteristic of an individual
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits (c…
Genetics
scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
33 terms
Biology Chapter 11
heredity
genetics
true-breeding
trait
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
science of heredity
self-pollinating... parent and offspring are identical
specific characteristic ... i.e. hair color, eye color, face shape
heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
genetics
science of heredity
37 terms
Biology Chapter 11 - Introduction to Genetics
genetics
Gregor Mendel
fertilization
trait
scientific study of heredity
Austrian monk who is considered the Father of Genetics due to…
when male and female reproductive cells join.
specific characteristic of an individual. Example - seed colo…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
Gregor Mendel
Austrian monk who is considered the Father of Genetics due to…
Holt Biology Chapter 11-Meiosis
somatic cell
gamete
homologous chromosome
autosome
make up most of your body tissues and organs, also called bod…
sex cells, ova or eggs, in the female, and spermatozoa or spe…
chromosomes that have the same length, appearance, and copies…
chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
somatic cell
make up most of your body tissues and organs, also called bod…
gamete
sex cells, ova or eggs, in the female, and spermatozoa or spe…
30 terms
Ap Biology Chapter 11
Microbes
Signal transduction pathway
Prokaryotes
Quorum sensing
The key to scientists understanding cell signaling (yeast)
A series of steps by which a signal on a cell's surface is co…
The first cell signaling occurred here and was modified by Eu…
Signaling molecules allows bacteria to detect population dens…
Microbes
The key to scientists understanding cell signaling (yeast)
Signal transduction pathway
A series of steps by which a signal on a cell's surface is co…
23 terms
Genetics: WHS Biology Chapter 11
genetics
fertilization
trait
gene
the scientific study of heredity
the process in sexual reproduction in which male and female r…
a specific characteristic of an individual
a factor that is passed from parent to offspring
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
fertilization
the process in sexual reproduction in which male and female r…
11 terms
Biology - Endocrine System Chapter 11
aldosterone
cortisol
epinephrine
melatonin
"salt-retaining hormone" which promotes the retention of Na+…
A hormone secreted by the adrenal glands, which sit on top of…
A hormone produced and secreted by the adrenal medulla that p…
A hormone manufactured by the pineal gland that produces slee…
aldosterone
"salt-retaining hormone" which promotes the retention of Na+…
cortisol
A hormone secreted by the adrenal glands, which sit on top of…
17 terms
Biology Chapter 11
epidermis, dermis and subcutaneous
sebum
sweat glands
kidneys
three layers of skin
oil that waterproofs the skin and keeps it soft and flexible
organs of the skin that help regulate body temperature
organ that filters water-soluble waste from the blood
epidermis, dermis and subcutaneous
three layers of skin
sebum
oil that waterproofs the skin and keeps it soft and flexible
Biology Chapter 11
What are hybrids? How are they created?
What is a gene?
What is an Allele?
What is genetics?
Offspring that are genetically different than their parents.…
the chemical factors that determine traits
one of the number of different forms of a gene
the scientific study of heredity
What are hybrids? How are they created?
Offspring that are genetically different than their parents.…
What is a gene?
the chemical factors that determine traits
12 terms
A Beka Biology chapter 11.2
excretion
ureters
urinary bladder
urethra
Process by which metabolic wastes are eliminated from the body
The tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder.
saclike organ in which urine is stored before being excreted
Duct through which urine is discharged.
excretion
Process by which metabolic wastes are eliminated from the body
ureters
The tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder.
Biology Chapter 11 Vocabulary
incomplete dominance
codominance
multiple alleles
sex-linked trait
a condition where a heterozygous off-spring has a phenotype t…
an inheritance relationship in which neither of two alleles o…
three or more alleles of the same gene that code for a single…
a trait that is determined by a gene found on one of the sex…
incomplete dominance
a condition where a heterozygous off-spring has a phenotype t…
codominance
an inheritance relationship in which neither of two alleles o…
27 terms
Biology 9 - Chapter 11
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
specific characteristic of an individual
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
Genetics
scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
45 terms
AP Biology: Cell Communication- Chapter 11
amplification
apoptosis
cytoplasm
diacylglycerol (DAG)
The strengthening of stimulus energy during transduction.
A program of controlled cell suicide, which is brought about…
The contents of the cell, exclusive of the nucleus and bounde…
A second messenger produced by the cleavage of a certain kind…
amplification
The strengthening of stimulus energy during transduction.
apoptosis
A program of controlled cell suicide, which is brought about…
7 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Vocab
homologous
diploid
haploid
meiosis
term used to refer to chromosomes that each have a correspond…
term used to refer to a cell that contains both sets of homol…
term used to refer that a cell contains only a single set of…
process by which the number of chromosomes in a diploid cell
homologous
term used to refer to chromosomes that each have a correspond…
diploid
term used to refer to a cell that contains both sets of homol…
27 terms
Chapter 11 Biology Vocab
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrids
the study of heredity
male an female reproductive cells joining
a specific characteristic of an indiviual
offspring crosses of parents with different traits
Genetics
the study of heredity
Fertilization
male an female reproductive cells joining
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