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Study sets matching "biology chapter 12 life on"

26 terms
Biology: Life on Earth Chapter 12
mRNA
tRNA
rRNA
Transcription
mRNA carries the information for the amino acid sequence of a…
Carries a specific amino acid (in this example, tyrosine [tyr…
Made up of a large subunit (comprised of a catalytic site, mR…
Produces an mRNA strand with a nucleotide sequence complement…
mRNA
mRNA carries the information for the amino acid sequence of a…
tRNA
Carries a specific amino acid (in this example, tyrosine [tyr…
25 terms
Biology : Life on Earth Chapter 12
Ribonucleic acid (RNA)
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
Ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
a molecule composed of ribose nucleotides, each of which cons…
a strand of RNA, complementary to the DNA of a gene, that con…
a type of RNA that combines with proteins to form ribosomes
a type of RNA that binds to a specific amino acid, carries it…
Ribonucleic acid (RNA)
a molecule composed of ribose nucleotides, each of which cons…
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
a strand of RNA, complementary to the DNA of a gene, that con…
17 terms
Biology Chapter 12 "History of Life on Earth"
radiometric dating
radioisotope
half-life
microsphere
The estimation of the image of an object by measuring its con…
Unstable isotopes that break down and give off energy in the…
The time it takes for one-half of a given amount of a radiois…
It's composed of molecules of different types, including link…
radiometric dating
The estimation of the image of an object by measuring its con…
radioisotope
Unstable isotopes that break down and give off energy in the…
32 terms
Biology : Life on Earth Chapter 12
Ribonucleic acid (RNA)
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
Ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
a molecule composed of ribose nucleotides, each of which cons…
a strand of RNA, complementary to the DNA of a gene, that con…
a type of RNA that combines with proteins to form ribosomes
a type of RNA that binds to a specific amino acid, carries it…
Ribonucleic acid (RNA)
a molecule composed of ribose nucleotides, each of which cons…
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
a strand of RNA, complementary to the DNA of a gene, that con…
46 terms
Chapter 12 Biology Life on Earth Questions
Inheritance
Chromosomes
Locus
Alleles
What is the process by which the characteristics of individua…
What are genes made of parts of?
What is a gene's physical location on a chromosome called?
What are different nucleotide sequences at the same locus on…
Inheritance
What is the process by which the characteristics of individua…
Chromosomes
What are genes made of parts of?
17 terms
Biology Chapter 12 "History of Life on Earth"
radiometric dating
radioisotope
half-life
microsphere
The estimation of the image of an object by measuring its con…
Unstable isotopes that break down and give off energy in the…
The time it takes for one-half of a given amount of a radiois…
It's composed of molecules of different types, including link…
radiometric dating
The estimation of the image of an object by measuring its con…
radioisotope
Unstable isotopes that break down and give off energy in the…
22 terms
Biology: Chapter 12- The History of Life
relative dating
radiometric dating
isotopes
half-life
estimates the time during which an organism lived by comparin…
a technique that uses the natural decay rate of unstable isot…
atoms of an element that have the same number of protons but…
the amount of time it takes for half of the isotope in a samp…
relative dating
estimates the time during which an organism lived by comparin…
radiometric dating
a technique that uses the natural decay rate of unstable isot…
11 terms
Biology The Dynamics of Life: Chapter 12
pedigree
carrier
fetus
incomplete dominance
graphic representation of genetic inheritance used by genetic…
an individual heterozygous for a specific trait
a developing mammal from 9 weeks to birth
inheritance pattern where the phenotype of a heterozygous is…
pedigree
graphic representation of genetic inheritance used by genetic…
carrier
an individual heterozygous for a specific trait
50 terms
CP Biology Chapter 12: History of Life on Earth
The primordial soup model and the bubb…
Which came first: DNA or RNA?
What were the first living things on E…
What produced oxygen for Earth's atmos…
Organic compounds
RNA
Eukaryotes and Prokaryotes
Cyanobacteria
The primordial soup model and the bubb…
Organic compounds
Which came first: DNA or RNA?
RNA
22 terms
Biology Chapter 12- The History of Life
relative dating
radiometric dating
isotopes
half-life
estimates the time during which an organism lived by comparin…
a technique that uses the natural decay rate of unstable isot…
atoms of an element that have the same number of protons but…
the amount of time it takes for half of the isotope in a samp…
relative dating
estimates the time during which an organism lived by comparin…
radiometric dating
a technique that uses the natural decay rate of unstable isot…
11 terms
Biology The Dynamics of Life: Chapter 12
pedigree
carrier
fetus
incomplete dominance
graphic representation of genetic inheritance used by genetic…
an individual heterozygous for a specific trait
a developing mammal from 9 weeks to birth
inheritance pattern where the phenotype of a heterozygous is…
pedigree
graphic representation of genetic inheritance used by genetic…
carrier
an individual heterozygous for a specific trait
22 terms
Chapter 12 vocab - History of Life on Earth
Radiometric dating
Radioisotopes
Half-life
Spontaneous origin
Calculation of the age of an object by measuring the proporti…
Unstable elements (parent) that break up and give off energy…
The time it takes for one-half of a given amount of a radiois…
The process through which life is thought to have developed w…
Radiometric dating
Calculation of the age of an object by measuring the proporti…
Radioisotopes
Unstable elements (parent) that break up and give off energy…
30 terms
Biology for Life Chapter 12
Explain the function of cell specializ…
List the germ layers of an embryo and…
Describe the types of body symmetry in…
Explain sponge reproduction
Cells are grouped within specialized tissues and communicate…
The ectoderm is the outer germ layer, of the three primary ge…
Spherical symmetry is the balanced distribution of duplicate…
Sexual reproduction- The egg and sperm cells are produced by…
Explain the function of cell specializ…
Cells are grouped within specialized tissues and communicate…
List the germ layers of an embryo and…
The ectoderm is the outer germ layer, of the three primary ge…
15 terms
Biology: Chapter 12- The History of Life
relative dating
radiometric dating
half-life
index fossils
estimates the time during which an organism lived by comparin…
a technique that uses the natural decay rate of unstable isot…
the amount of time it takes for half of the isotope in a samp…
fossils of organisms that existed only during specific spans…
relative dating
estimates the time during which an organism lived by comparin…
radiometric dating
a technique that uses the natural decay rate of unstable isot…
22 terms
Biology - Chapter 12: The History of Life
Relative dating
Radiometric dating
Isotope
Half-life
Estimate of the age of a fossil based on the location of foss…
Technique that uses the natural decay rate of isotopes to cal…
Form of an element that has the same number of protons but a…
Amount of time it takes for half of the isotope in a sample t…
Relative dating
Estimate of the age of a fossil based on the location of foss…
Radiometric dating
Technique that uses the natural decay rate of isotopes to cal…
22 terms
Biology Chapter 12- The History of Life
Relative dating
Radiometric dating
Isotope
Half-life
estimate of the age of a fossil based on the location of the…
technique that uses the natural decay rate of isotopes to cal…
form of an element that has the same number of protons but a…
amount of time it takes for half of the isotope in s sample t…
Relative dating
estimate of the age of a fossil based on the location of the…
Radiometric dating
technique that uses the natural decay rate of isotopes to cal…
38 terms
BIOLOGY - Chapter 12: History of Life
relative dating
radiometric dating
isotope
half life
method of determining the age of a fossil by comparing its pl…
the process of measuring the absolute age of geologic materia…
an atom that has the same number of protons (or the same atom…
Time it takes for half the atoms of an isotope to decay
relative dating
method of determining the age of a fossil by comparing its pl…
radiometric dating
the process of measuring the absolute age of geologic materia…
22 terms
Biology - Chapter 12: The History of Life
Relative dating
Radiometric dating
Isotope
Half-life
Estimate of the age of a fossil based on the location of foss…
Technique that uses the natural decay rate of isotopes to cal…
Form of an element that has the same number of protons but a…
Amount of time it takes for half of the isotope in a sample t…
Relative dating
Estimate of the age of a fossil based on the location of foss…
Radiometric dating
Technique that uses the natural decay rate of isotopes to cal…
59 terms
Chapter 12: Life goes on
look sideways
winkle sth out
winkle somebody out of something
sigh
Spojrzeć z ukosa
...
wysiudać kogoś skądś, wygryźć kogoś skądś
wzdychać
look sideways
Spojrzeć z ukosa
winkle sth out
...
44 terms
Life On Earth - Chapter 12 (Patterns of Inheritance)
Albinism
Allele
Autosome
Carrier
a recessive hereditary condition caused by defective alleles…
one of several alternative forms of a particular gene
a chromosome that occurs in homologous pairs in both males an…
an individual who is heterozygous for a recessive condition;…
Albinism
a recessive hereditary condition caused by defective alleles…
Allele
one of several alternative forms of a particular gene
20 terms
biology: how life works chapter 12
semiconservative
origin of replication happens at ...
how many rep origins to eukaryotes and…
DNA helicase
DNA replication result (one original strand, one daughter str…
replication bubble
euks - many... proks - 1
breaks hydrogen bonds of double helix
semiconservative
DNA replication result (one original strand, one daughter str…
origin of replication happens at ...
replication bubble
22 terms
Biology Chapter 12 History Of Life Vocab
Relative Dating
Radiometric Dating
Isotope
Half-Life
estimate of the age of a fossil based on the location of foss…
technique that uses the natural decay rate of isotopes to cal…
form of an element that has the same number of protons but a…
amount of time it takes for half of the isotope in a sample t…
Relative Dating
estimate of the age of a fossil based on the location of foss…
Radiometric Dating
technique that uses the natural decay rate of isotopes to cal…
29 terms
Concepts of Biology: Chapter 12 Diversity of Life
analogous structure
binomial nomenclature
branch
branch point
a character found in two taxa that looks similar because of c…
a system of two-part scientific names for an organism, which…
Portion of an organism's lineage from node to terminal tip (c…
a point on a phylogenetic tree where a single lineage splits…
analogous structure
a character found in two taxa that looks similar because of c…
binomial nomenclature
a system of two-part scientific names for an organism, which…
22 terms
Chapter 12 the history of life (biology)
Relative dating
Radiometric dating
Isotope
Half-life
Estimates the time during which an organism lived by comparin…
A technique that uses the natural decay rate of unstable isot…
Atoms of an element that have the same number of protons but…
The amount of time it takes for half of the isotopes in a sam…
Relative dating
Estimates the time during which an organism lived by comparin…
Radiometric dating
A technique that uses the natural decay rate of unstable isot…
26 terms
Biology Exploring Life Chapter 12
Down Syndrome
Trisomy 21
Nondisjunction
Carrier
General set of symptoms in people with trisomy 21
Conditon in which an individual has three number 21 chromosom…
Event during meiosis in which homologous chromosomes or siste…
An individual who has one copy of the allele for a recessive…
Down Syndrome
General set of symptoms in people with trisomy 21
Trisomy 21
Conditon in which an individual has three number 21 chromosom…
10 terms
Chapter 12 Biology: Origin of Life
Panspermia
Primordial Soup
Oparin and Haldane Theory
Community Clay Theory
A theory that life on the earth originated from microorganism…
A theory that life began in a pond or ocean as a result of th…
They believed that if you have the needed materials then it i…
Clay had organic compounds that took up the job of DNA, cause…
Panspermia
A theory that life on the earth originated from microorganism…
Primordial Soup
A theory that life began in a pond or ocean as a result of th…
28 terms
Chapter 12 (Origin of life) - BIOLOGY
When was the earth formed?
Earth was a _____ ball of molten ____…
Early earth couldn't support ____.
Oceans were formed from condensed ____…
4.5 BYA
fiery, rock
life
water vapor
When was the earth formed?
4.5 BYA
Earth was a _____ ball of molten ____…
fiery, rock
17 terms
Chapter 12 ( History of Life on Earth)
radiometric dating
radioisotopes
half-life
microspheres
is the estimation of the age of an object by measuring its co…
are unstable isotopes that break down and give off energy in…
the time it takes for one-half of a given amount of a radiois…
laboratory experiments have shown that, in water, short chain…
radiometric dating
is the estimation of the age of an object by measuring its co…
radioisotopes
are unstable isotopes that break down and give off energy in…
17 terms
Biology - Chapter 12: The History of Life
relative dating
radiometric dating
isotope
half-life
estimate of the age of a fossil based on the location of foss…
technique that uses the natural decay rate of isotopes to cal…
form of an element that has the same number of protons but a…
amount of time it takes for half of isotope in a sample to de…
relative dating
estimate of the age of a fossil based on the location of foss…
radiometric dating
technique that uses the natural decay rate of isotopes to cal…
30 terms
Chapter 12 Biology- Origin of Life
Big Bang
Solar system
Earth
Life on Earth
Occurred 13.7 BYA
Occurred 4.6 BYA
Formed 4.5 BYA
Began 3.5 to 4.0 BYA
Big Bang
Occurred 13.7 BYA
Solar system
Occurred 4.6 BYA
11 terms
Biology The Dynamics of Life: Chapter 12
pedigree
carrier
fetus
incomplete dominance
graphic representation of genetic inheritance used by genetic…
an individual heterozygous for a specific trait
a developing mammal from 9 weeks to birth
inheritance pattern where the phenotype of a heterozygous is…
pedigree
graphic representation of genetic inheritance used by genetic…
carrier
an individual heterozygous for a specific trait
44 terms
Life On Earth - Chapter 12 (Patterns of Inheritance)
Albinism
Allele
Autosome
Carrier
a recessive hereditary condition caused by defective alleles…
one of several alternative forms of a particular gene
a chromosome that occurs in homologous pairs in both males an…
an individual who is heterozygous for a recessive condition;…
Albinism
a recessive hereditary condition caused by defective alleles…
Allele
one of several alternative forms of a particular gene
13 terms
Biology - Chapter 12: The History of Life
Relative dating
Radiometric dating
Isotope
Half-life
Estimate of the age of a fossil based on the location of foss…
Technique that uses the natural decay rate of isotopes to cal…
Form of an element that has the same number of protons but a…
Amount of time it takes for half of the isotope in a sample t…
Relative dating
Estimate of the age of a fossil based on the location of foss…
Radiometric dating
Technique that uses the natural decay rate of isotopes to cal…
11 terms
Biology - Chapter 12: The History of Life
Relative dating
Isotope
Half-life
Index fossil
Estimate of the age of a fossil based on the location of foss…
Form of an element that has the same number of protons but a…
Amount of time it takes for half of the isotope in a sample t…
Fossil of an organism that existed during only specific spans…
Relative dating
Estimate of the age of a fossil based on the location of foss…
Isotope
Form of an element that has the same number of protons but a…
22 terms
Biology - Chapter 12: The History of Life
Relative dating
Radiometric dating
Isotope
Half-life
Estimate of the age of a fossil based on the location of foss…
Technique that uses the natural decay rate of isotopes to cal…
Form of an element that has the same number of protons but a…
Amount of time it takes for half of the isotope in a sample t…
Relative dating
Estimate of the age of a fossil based on the location of foss…
Radiometric dating
Technique that uses the natural decay rate of isotopes to cal…
11 terms
Biology The Dynamics of Life: Chapter 12
pedigree
carrier
fetus
incomplete dominance
graphic representation of genetic inheritance used by genetic…
an individual heterozygous for a specific trait
a developing mammal from 9 weeks to birth
inheritance pattern where the phenotype of a heterozygous is…
pedigree
graphic representation of genetic inheritance used by genetic…
carrier
an individual heterozygous for a specific trait
28 terms
Chapter 12 (Origin of life) - BIOLOGY
4.5 BYA
fiery, rock
life
water vapor
When was the earth formed?
Earth was a _____ ball of molten ____ when it formed.
Early earth couldn't support ____.
Oceans were formed from condensed ______ ______ in the atmosp…
4.5 BYA
When was the earth formed?
fiery, rock
Earth was a _____ ball of molten ____ when it formed.
21 terms
Chapter 12: History of Life on Earth Vocabulary
Radiometric Dating
Radioisotope
Half-Life
Microspheres
a method of determining the age of an object by estimating th…
unstable isotopes that break down and give off energy in the…
the time required for half of a sample of a radioactive subst…
tiny droplets of water into which short chains of amino acids…
Radiometric Dating
a method of determining the age of an object by estimating th…
Radioisotope
unstable isotopes that break down and give off energy in the…
18 terms
Glencoe Biology: Dynamics of Life: Chapter 12 Vocab
Pedigree
Carrier
Fetus
Autosome
A graphic representation of genetic inheritance.
A heterozygous individual. (half shaded circle or square)
A developing baby.
The name of the 22 out of 23 pairs of homologous chromosomes.…
Pedigree
A graphic representation of genetic inheritance.
Carrier
A heterozygous individual. (half shaded circle or square)
22 terms
Biology, Chapter 12- The History Of Life
Relative Dating
Radiometric Dating
Isotope
Half-Life
Estimate of the age of a fossil based on the location of foss…
Technology that uses the natural decay rate of isotopes to ca…
Form of an element that has the same number of protons but a…
Amount of time it take for half of the isotope in a sample to…
Relative Dating
Estimate of the age of a fossil based on the location of foss…
Radiometric Dating
Technology that uses the natural decay rate of isotopes to ca…
44 terms
Life On Earth - Chapter 12 (Patterns of Inheritance)
Albinism
Allele
Autosome
Carrier
a recessive hereditary condition caused by defective alleles…
one of several alternative forms of a particular gene
a chromosome that occurs in homologous pairs in both males an…
an individual who is heterozygous for a recessive condition;…
Albinism
a recessive hereditary condition caused by defective alleles…
Allele
one of several alternative forms of a particular gene
22 terms
Biology Chapter 12 History Of Life Vocab
Relative Dating
Radiometric Dating
Isotope
Half-Life
estimate of the age of a fossil based on the location of foss…
technique that uses the natural decay rate of isotopes to cal…
form of an element that has the same number of protons but a…
amount of time it takes for half of the isotope in a sample t…
Relative Dating
estimate of the age of a fossil based on the location of foss…
Radiometric Dating
technique that uses the natural decay rate of isotopes to cal…
Chapter 12 The History of Life
Relative Dating
Radiometric Dating
Isotope
Half Life
Estimates the time during which an organism lived by comparin…
A technique that uses the natural decay rate of unstable isot…
Atoms of an element that have the same number of protons but…
The amount of time it takes for half of the isotope in a samp…
Relative Dating
Estimates the time during which an organism lived by comparin…
Radiometric Dating
A technique that uses the natural decay rate of unstable isot…
18 terms
Biology Chapter 12: The History of Life
Ways that fossils form
permineralization
natural casts
trace fossils
• permineralization... • natural casts... • trace fossils... • amber p…
occurs when minerals carried by water are deposited around a…
form when flowing water removes all the original bone or tiss…
record the activity of an organism. they include nests, burro…
Ways that fossils form
• permineralization... • natural casts... • trace fossils... • amber p…
permineralization
occurs when minerals carried by water are deposited around a…
28 terms
Chapter 12 - The History of Life Biology
What was the dominant land animal duri…
What type of material do most fossils…
Define radiometric dating.
Define a half life.
dinosaurs
Sedimentary rock
the measurement of certain radioactive isotopes in objects.
the number of years it takes for 50 of the original sample to…
What was the dominant land animal duri…
dinosaurs
What type of material do most fossils…
Sedimentary rock
Life Science Chapter 12
chordate
notochord
vertebra
ectotherm
The phylum whose members have a notochord, a nerve cord, and…
a flexible rod that supports a chordate's back
the small bones that make up the backbone
an animal whose body does not produce much internal heat
chordate
The phylum whose members have a notochord, a nerve cord, and…
notochord
a flexible rod that supports a chordate's back
39 terms
Life On Earth - Chapter 12 (Patterns of Inheritance)
Allele
Autosome
Carrier
Codominance
one of several alternative forms of a particular gene
a chromosome that occurs in homologous pairs in both males an…
an individual who is heterozygous for a recessive condition;…
the relation between two alleles of a gene, such that both al…
Allele
one of several alternative forms of a particular gene
Autosome
a chromosome that occurs in homologous pairs in both males an…
22 terms
Biology Ch 12: The history of life
Relative Dating
Radiometric dating
Isotope
Half-life
Estimate of age of a fossil based on the location of fossils…
Technique that used the natural decay rate of isotopes to cal…
Form of an element that has the same number of protons but a…
Amount of time it takes for half of the isotope in a sample t…
Relative Dating
Estimate of age of a fossil based on the location of fossils…
Radiometric dating
Technique that used the natural decay rate of isotopes to cal…
17 terms
Chapter 12 - History of Life on Earth
Radiometric Dating
Radioisotope
Half-Life
Spontaneous Origin
The calculation of the age of an object by measuring the prop…
An unstable element that breaks up and gives off energy in th…
The time it takes for 1/2 of a given amount of a radioisotope…
The process through which life is thought to have developed w…
Radiometric Dating
The calculation of the age of an object by measuring the prop…
Radioisotope
An unstable element that breaks up and gives off energy in th…
17 terms
Chapter 12: History of Life on Earth Vocabulary
Radiometric Dating
Radioisotope
Half-Life
Microspheres
a method of determining the age of an object by estimating th…
unstable isotopes that break down and give off energy in the…
the time required for half of a sample of a radioactive subst…
tiny droplets of water into which short chains of amino acids…
Radiometric Dating
a method of determining the age of an object by estimating th…
Radioisotope
unstable isotopes that break down and give off energy in the…
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