Study sets matching "biology chapter 12"

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Study sets matching "biology chapter 12"

Biology chapter 12 vocab
Radiometric dating
Radioisotope
Half-life
Microsphere
the process of measuring the absolute age of geologic materia…
Unstable isotopes that break down and give off energy in the…
The time it takes for one-half of a given amount of a radiois…
Tiny droplets of water that short chains of amino acids can g…
Radiometric dating
the process of measuring the absolute age of geologic materia…
Radioisotope
Unstable isotopes that break down and give off energy in the…
25 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 12 Vocab
Frederick Griffith
Oswald Avery
Hershey and Chase
Erwin Chargaff
- performed the 1st major experiment that led to the discover…
- identified DNA as the molecule that transformed the R strai…
- used radioactive labelling techniques to trace DNA and prot…
- analyzed the amount of A/T/C/G in DNA of various species an…
Frederick Griffith
- performed the 1st major experiment that led to the discover…
Oswald Avery
- identified DNA as the molecule that transformed the R strai…
Biology chapter 12
Relative dating
Radiometric dating
Isotope
Half-life
estimate of the age of a fossil based on the location of foss…
technique that measures the natural decay rate of isotopes to…
form of an element that has the same number of protons but a…
amount of time it takes for half of the isotope in a sample t…
Relative dating
estimate of the age of a fossil based on the location of foss…
Radiometric dating
technique that measures the natural decay rate of isotopes to…
13 terms
Biology Chapter 12 Ecology
interact
Ecology
community
ecosystem
To act upon or influence something.
The study of the interactions among living things and the non…
A group of different populations that live in the same area.
The interactions among the populations of a community and the…
interact
To act upon or influence something.
Ecology
The study of the interactions among living things and the non…
29 terms
Bach Biology Chapter 12 and 13
Complementary base pairing
Double Helix
Nucleotides
Nucleic Acid
Principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
two strands of nucleotides wound about each other; structure…
Basic units of DNA molecule, composed of a sugar, a phosphate…
building blocks of DNA and RNA containing hydrogen, oxygen, n…
Complementary base pairing
Principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
Double Helix
two strands of nucleotides wound about each other; structure…
33 terms
Biology Chapter 12 Isiip
_______________ goes from DNA to RNA
In RNA: C pairs with ___
In RNA: A pairs with __
In DNA: C pairs with ___
transcription
G
U
G
_______________ goes from DNA to RNA
transcription
In RNA: C pairs with ___
G
44 terms
Campbell biology: chapter 12
cell cycle
genome
chromosome
sister chromatid
life of a cell from the times its formed until its own division
a cell's genetic info
structure that holds all DNA
joined copies of original chromosomes
cell cycle
life of a cell from the times its formed until its own division
genome
a cell's genetic info
Biology Chapter 12
Relative Dating
Radiometric Dating
Isotope
Half-Life
Estimate of the age of a fossil based on the location of foss…
Technique that uses the natural decay rate of isotopes to cal…
Form of an element that has the same number of neurons as ano…
Amount of time it takes for half of the isotope in a sample t…
Relative Dating
Estimate of the age of a fossil based on the location of foss…
Radiometric Dating
Technique that uses the natural decay rate of isotopes to cal…
Biology Chapter 12 Vocabulary
Carrier
Fetus
Pedigree
Autosome
An individual heterozygous for a specific trait.
A developing mammal from 9 weeks to birth
A graphic representation of genetic inheritance used by genet…
Pairs of matching homologous chromosomes in somatic cells.
Carrier
An individual heterozygous for a specific trait.
Fetus
A developing mammal from 9 weeks to birth
32 terms
Biology Chapter 12
interact
ecology
biotic
abiotic
To act upon or influence something.
The study of the interactions among living things and the non…
Living
Nonliving
interact
To act upon or influence something.
ecology
The study of the interactions among living things and the non…
biology chapter 12 words
relative dating
radiometric dating
half-life
index fossil
estimates the time during which an organism lived by comparin…
a technique that uses the natural decay rate of unstable isot…
the amount of time it takes for half of the isotope in a samp…
fossils of organisms that existed only during specific spans…
relative dating
estimates the time during which an organism lived by comparin…
radiometric dating
a technique that uses the natural decay rate of unstable isot…
22 terms
Biology Chapter 12 DNA
transformation
Bacteriophage
DNA's roles
DNA stands for
process where 1 strain of bacteria is changed by genes from a…
virus that infects bacteria
to store, copy, and transmit genetic information in a cell
deoxyribonucleic acid
transformation
process where 1 strain of bacteria is changed by genes from a…
Bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria
21 terms
Biology Chapter 12 DNA
transformation
Bacteriophage
DNA's roles
DNA stands for
process where 1 strain of bacteria is changed by genes from a…
virus that infects bacteria
to store, copy, and transmit genetic information in a cell
Deoxyribonucleic acid
transformation
process where 1 strain of bacteria is changed by genes from a…
Bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria
33 terms
Biology Chapter 12
Base Pairing
Double Helix
DNA replication
DNA polymerase
a principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine a…
two strands of DNA that winds around each other
the DNA molecule separates into two strands, then produces tw…
it is the principal enzyme involved in DNA replication
Base Pairing
a principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine a…
Double Helix
two strands of DNA that winds around each other
23 terms
AP Biology Chapter 12 Terms
GENETIC MATERIAL MUST BE
DNA
STRUCTURE OF DNA
CHARGAFF'S RULES
1.)ABLE TO STORE INFORMATION THAT PERTAINS TO THE DEVELOPMENT…
IS THE TRANSFORMING SUBSTANCE AND THE GENETIC MATERIAL
CONTAINS FOUR DIFFERENT TYPES OF NUCLEOTIDES:TWO WITH PURINE…
THE PERCENTAGE OF A ALWAYS EQUALS THE PERCENTAGE OF T,THE PER…
GENETIC MATERIAL MUST BE
1.)ABLE TO STORE INFORMATION THAT PERTAINS TO THE DEVELOPMENT…
DNA
IS THE TRANSFORMING SUBSTANCE AND THE GENETIC MATERIAL
34 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 12
sex chromosome
autosome
sex-linked trait
linked gene
one of the pair of chromosomes that determine the sex of an i…
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
a trait that is determined by a gene found on one of the sex…
one of a pair of genes that tend to be inherited together
sex chromosome
one of the pair of chromosomes that determine the sex of an i…
autosome
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
Biology Chapter 12
bacteriophage
base pairing
DNA polymerase
replication
kind of virus that infects bacteria
principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
principal enzyme involved in DNA replication
process of copying DNA prior to cell division
bacteriophage
kind of virus that infects bacteria
base pairing
principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
19 terms
NAHS Biology 1 Chapter 12
Frederick Griffith
transformation
1928
Oswald Avery
the scientist who used mice to discover the process of transf…
process in which one strand of bacteria is changed by a gene…
year of Frederick Griffith's experiments
scientist who discovered what the transforming factor was in…
Frederick Griffith
the scientist who used mice to discover the process of transf…
transformation
process in which one strand of bacteria is changed by a gene…
43 terms
BJU Biology Chapter 12
mycology
dimorphism
external digestion
septate
the study of fungi
the ability to change form in response to the environment (ch…
The process in which an enzyme is released that helps digest…
term describing the hyphae of several fungal groups; the hyph…
mycology
the study of fungi
dimorphism
the ability to change form in response to the environment (ch…
45 terms
Biology Chapter 12 Vocabulary
clone
diploid
haploid
homologous chromosomes
a group of genetically identical cells or organisms derived f…
(genetics) an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes…
(genetics) an organism or cell having only one complete set o…
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes, that have t…
clone
a group of genetically identical cells or organisms derived f…
diploid
(genetics) an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes…
Biology: Chapter 12 DNA
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
The process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a g…
A virus that infects bacteria.
A monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a pho…
A principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine a…
transformation
The process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a g…
bacteriophage
A virus that infects bacteria.
22 terms
Biology Chapter 12 Review
Gonads
Androgens
In the absence of a Y chromosome, a fe…
Humans have ___ pairs of chromosomes.
ovaries in females and testes in males.
testosterone and estrogen
Female
23.
Gonads
ovaries in females and testes in males.
Androgens
testosterone and estrogen
21 terms
Biology Chapter 12 DNA
transformation
Bacteriophage
DNA's roles
DNA stands for
process where 1 strain of bacteria is changed by genes from a…
virus that infects bacteria
to store, copy, and transmit genetic information in a cell
Deoxyribonucleic acid
transformation
process where 1 strain of bacteria is changed by genes from a…
Bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria
47 terms
Biology Chapter 12
What is a double helix?
What is a nucleotide?
What are the basic building blocks of…
Which was the conclusion of Griffith's…
Twisted-ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide strands…
A subunit of nucleic acid formed from a simple sugar, a phosp…
Nucleotides
Bacteria exposed to DNA can incorporate the DNA and change ph…
What is a double helix?
Twisted-ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide strands…
What is a nucleotide?
A subunit of nucleic acid formed from a simple sugar, a phosp…
41 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 12
anaphase
anchorage dependence
aster
benign tumor
fourth stage of mitosis, in which the chromatids of each chro…
the requirement that to divide, a cell must be attached to th…
a radial array of short microtubules that extends from each c…
a mass of abnormal cells that remains at the site of origin
anaphase
fourth stage of mitosis, in which the chromatids of each chro…
anchorage dependence
the requirement that to divide, a cell must be attached to th…
54 terms
Biology 1441 Chapter 12
cell division
cell cycle
genome
In prokaryotes, the genome usually con…
the reproduction of cells
an ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell, from its…
the genetic material of an organism or virus the complete com…
23, Haploid (1n)
cell division
the reproduction of cells
cell cycle
an ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell, from its…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 12
disease
cancer
benign tumor
malignant tumor
any condition that interferes with the normal functioning of…
condition that results from the runaway growth of the body's…
tumor that shows no tendency to spread through the body
cells of a benign tumor leave the tumor and spread through th…
disease
any condition that interferes with the normal functioning of…
cancer
condition that results from the runaway growth of the body's…
49 terms
Campbell Biology: Chapter 12: The Cell Cycle
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
What are the five stages of mitosis?
Prophase
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. It conserv…
PPMAT... Prophase ... Prometaphase... Metaphase... Anaphase... Telophase
The stage of mitosis, in which the chromatin condenses into d…
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells. It conserv…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 12 Vocabulary Molecular Genetics
codon
DNA polymerase
double helix
exon
three-base code in DNA or RNA
enzyme that catalyzes synthesis of new DNA nucleotides
twisted-ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide strands…
in RNA processing one of the pieces of DNA that serve as codi…
codon
three-base code in DNA or RNA
DNA polymerase
enzyme that catalyzes synthesis of new DNA nucleotides
96 terms
Biology 472 Chapter 12
3 types of muscle tissue in the body
skeletal muscles
cardiac muscles
smooth muscles
skeletal muscle... cardiac muscle... smooth muscle
control body movements ... large, multinucleated cells... striated…
found only in the heart... move blood through the circulatory sy…
internal organs and tubes... small and lack striations... involuntary
3 types of muscle tissue in the body
skeletal muscle... cardiac muscle... smooth muscle
skeletal muscles
control body movements ... large, multinucleated cells... striated…
20 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 12 Terms
pedigree
carrier
fetus
cystic fibrosis
A diagram that shows the occurrence of a genetic trait in sev…
A person who has one recessive allele for a trait, but does n…
In humans, the term for the developing organism between the e…
A genetic disorder that occurs in people with two copies of a…
pedigree
A diagram that shows the occurrence of a genetic trait in sev…
carrier
A person who has one recessive allele for a trait, but does n…
Chapter 12 Biology
The process by which one strain of bac…
Bacteriophages are
Which of the following researchers use…
Before DNA could definitively be shown…
transformation
viruses that kill bacteria
Alfred Hershey and Martha Chase
carry and make copies of information
The process by which one strain of bac…
transformation
Bacteriophages are
viruses that kill bacteria
Biology Chapter 12 DNA
transformation
Bacteriophage
DNA's roles
DNA stands for
process where 1 strain of bacteria is changed by genes from a…
virus that infects bacteria
to store, copy, and transmit genetic information in a cell
Deoxyribonucleic acid
transformation
process where 1 strain of bacteria is changed by genes from a…
Bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria
12 terms
Biology Chapter 12
inbreeding
genetic engineering
DNA fingerprinting
selective breeding
method of maintaining desirable charateristics by crossing in…
technique that directly alters an organism's DNA; altering th…
technique for identifying individuals using repeated sequence…
method of improving a species by choosing animals or plants t…
inbreeding
method of maintaining desirable charateristics by crossing in…
genetic engineering
technique that directly alters an organism's DNA; altering th…
18 terms
Biology Chapter 12
double helix
nucleosome
DNA polymerase
Okazaki fragment
twisted -ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide strand…
repeating subunit of chromatin fibers, consisting of DNA coil…
enzyme that catalyzes synthesis of new DNA molecules
short segment of DNA synthesized discontinuously in small seg…
double helix
twisted -ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide strand…
nucleosome
repeating subunit of chromatin fibers, consisting of DNA coil…
Biology Chapter 12
transformation
Bacteriophage
how bacteriophages work
DNA's roles
process where 1 strain of bacteria is changed by genes from a…
virus that infects bacteria
bacteriophage attaches to the surface of the bacterial cell a…
to store, copy, and transmit genetic information in a cell
transformation
process where 1 strain of bacteria is changed by genes from a…
Bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria
Biology Chapter 12
tranformation
base pairing
replication
DNA polymerase
...
tranformation
...
base pairing
28 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 12
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
virus that infects bacteria
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
transformation
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria
44 terms
Biology and Honors Biology - Chapter 12 - DNA and RNA
Fredrick Griffith
Oswald Avery
DNA
3 Parts of a DNA Nucleotide
Did experiments with mice to determine how bacteria caused pn…
Repeated Griffith's work to determine which molecule was most…
Stands for Deoxyribonucleic Acid; stores and transmits the ge…
5-carbon sugar (Deoxyribose)... Phosphate group... Nitrogenous base…
Fredrick Griffith
Did experiments with mice to determine how bacteria caused pn…
Oswald Avery
Repeated Griffith's work to determine which molecule was most…
23 terms
AP Biology Chapter 12
What is the chromosomal basis of inher…
What is the meaning of the term "wild…
Why was Morgan's choice of fruit fly s…
How did Morgan associate traits with t…
The chromosomal basis of inheritance is the idea that genes a…
Wild type is the genotype that is most commonly observed in t…
Fruit flies were a good choice for Morgan's experiments becau…
The trait of white eyes only appeared in males, so Morgan was…
What is the chromosomal basis of inher…
The chromosomal basis of inheritance is the idea that genes a…
What is the meaning of the term "wild…
Wild type is the genotype that is most commonly observed in t…
23 terms
Dons Biology Chapter 12
double helix
nucleosome
DNA polymerase
Okazaki fragment
the physical description of DNA
a protein that organizes the DNA
the enzyme that adds DNA nucleotides during DNA replication
the short fragments added to the lagging strand
double helix
the physical description of DNA
nucleosome
a protein that organizes the DNA
106 terms
AP Biology Chapter 12 & 13
heredity
variation
genetics
genes
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
Differences in the frequency of genes and traits among indivi…
The scientific study of heredity
DNA segments that serve as the key functional units in heredi…
heredity
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
variation
Differences in the frequency of genes and traits among indivi…
24 terms
Biology - Chapter 12 DNA-Protein Synthesis
nucleotide
base pairing
chromatin
histone
a monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a pho…
a principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine a…
material visible within the nucleus before cell division; con…
the globular protein molecule around which DNA is tightly coi…
nucleotide
a monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a pho…
base pairing
a principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine a…
41 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 12
anaphase
anchorage dependence
aster
benign tumor
fourth stage of mitosis, in which the chromatids of each chro…
the requirement that to divide, a cell must be attached to th…
a radial array of short microtubules that extends from each c…
a mass of abnormal cells that remains at the site of origin
anaphase
fourth stage of mitosis, in which the chromatids of each chro…
anchorage dependence
the requirement that to divide, a cell must be attached to th…
6 terms
Biology Chapter 12
nucleotides
base pairing
chromatin
histones
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5 carbon sugar, a phosp…
bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and thymine and be…
DNA that is tightly coiled around protiens
protiens that chromatin is tightly coiled around
nucleotides
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5 carbon sugar, a phosp…
base pairing
bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and thymine and be…
20 terms
Biology Chapter 12
mycology
mycorrhiza
chitin
hypha
the study of fungi
symbiotic relationship between fungal hyphae and plant roots
a complex polysaccharide that is a component in the cell wall…
one of the slender filaments that composes the mycelium of a…
mycology
the study of fungi
mycorrhiza
symbiotic relationship between fungal hyphae and plant roots
Biology Chapter 12
relative dating
radiometric dating
isotope
half-life
a method of determining whether an event or object, such as a…
a method of determining the absolute age of an object, often…
an atom that has the same number of protons as other atoms of…
the time required for half of a sample of a radioactive isoto…
relative dating
a method of determining whether an event or object, such as a…
radiometric dating
a method of determining the absolute age of an object, often…
21 terms
Dons Biology Chapter 12
double helix
nucleosome
DNA polymerase
Okazaki fragment
the physical description of DNA
a protein that organizes the DNA, part of the chromatin
the enzyme that adds DNA nucleotides during DNA replication
the short fragments added to the lagging strand
double helix
the physical description of DNA
nucleosome
a protein that organizes the DNA, part of the chromatin
Chapter 12 Biology vocabulary
sex chromosome
autosome
sex-linked trait
linked gene
The pair of chromosomes that determine the sex of an individu…
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome.
a trait that is determined by a gene found on one of the sex…
One of a pair of genes that tend to be inherited together.
sex chromosome
The pair of chromosomes that determine the sex of an individu…
autosome
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome.
25 terms
Biology Chapter 12 Vocabulary
Mycology
Dimorphism
Hyphae
Septa
the study of fungi
Ability of some fungi to change form in order to survive in d…
the slender filaments that compose the mycelium of a fungi
a wall that separates individual cells in fungi
Mycology
the study of fungi
Dimorphism
Ability of some fungi to change form in order to survive in d…
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