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Study sets matching "biology chapter 12"

17 terms
Biology chapter 12 vocab
Radiometric dating
Radioisotope
Half-life
Microsphere
the process of measuring the absolute age of geologic materia…
Unstable isotopes that break down and give off energy in the…
The time it takes for one-half of a given amount of a radiois…
Tiny droplets of water that short chains of amino acids can g…
Radiometric dating
the process of measuring the absolute age of geologic materia…
Radioisotope
Unstable isotopes that break down and give off energy in the…
32 terms
Biology Chapter 12
interact
ecology
biotic
abiotic
To act upon or influence something.
The study of the interactions among living things and the non…
Living
Nonliving
interact
To act upon or influence something.
ecology
The study of the interactions among living things and the non…
13 terms
Biology Chapter 12 Ecology
interact
Ecology
community
ecosystem
To act upon or influence something.
The study of the interactions among living things and the non…
A group of different populations that live in the same area.
The interactions among the populations of a community and the…
interact
To act upon or influence something.
Ecology
The study of the interactions among living things and the non…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 12 DNA
transformation
Bacteriophage
DNA's roles
DNA stands for
process where 1 strain of bacteria is changed by genes from a…
virus that infects bacteria
to store, copy, and transmit genetic information in a cell
Deoxyribonucleic acid
transformation
process where 1 strain of bacteria is changed by genes from a…
Bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria
41 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 12
anaphase
anchorage dependence
aster
benign tumor
fourth stage of mitosis, in which the chromatids of each chro…
the requirement that to divide, a cell must be attached to th…
a radial array of short microtubules that extends from each c…
a mass of abnormal cells that remains at the site of origin
anaphase
fourth stage of mitosis, in which the chromatids of each chro…
anchorage dependence
the requirement that to divide, a cell must be attached to th…
21 terms
Biology chapter 12
Relative dating
Radiometric dating
Isotope
Half-life
estimate of the age of a fossil based on the location of foss…
technique that measures the natural decay rate of isotopes to…
form of an element that has the same number of protons but a…
amount of time it takes for half of the isotope in a sample t…
Relative dating
estimate of the age of a fossil based on the location of foss…
Radiometric dating
technique that measures the natural decay rate of isotopes to…
36 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 12
Identical
Genome
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Most cell division results in genetically ____ daughter cells.
The cell's genetic material.
Have a single chromosome in the shape of a circle called a pl…
Have multiple DNA molecules (chromosomes).
Identical
Most cell division results in genetically ____ daughter cells.
Genome
The cell's genetic material.
23 terms
AP Biology Chapter 12 Terms
GENETIC MATERIAL MUST BE
DNA
STRUCTURE OF DNA
CHARGAFF'S RULES
1.)ABLE TO STORE INFORMATION THAT PERTAINS TO THE DEVELOPMENT…
IS THE TRANSFORMING SUBSTANCE AND THE GENETIC MATERIAL
CONTAINS FOUR DIFFERENT TYPES OF NUCLEOTIDES:TWO WITH PURINE…
THE PERCENTAGE OF A ALWAYS EQUALS THE PERCENTAGE OF T,THE PER…
GENETIC MATERIAL MUST BE
1.)ABLE TO STORE INFORMATION THAT PERTAINS TO THE DEVELOPMENT…
DNA
IS THE TRANSFORMING SUBSTANCE AND THE GENETIC MATERIAL
Chapter 12 Biology
The process by which one strain of bac…
Bacteriophages are
Which of the following researchers use…
Before DNA could definitively be shown…
transformation
viruses that kill bacteria
Alfred Hershey and Martha Chase
carry and make copies of information
The process by which one strain of bac…
transformation
Bacteriophages are
viruses that kill bacteria
20 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 12 Terms
pedigree
carrier
fetus
cystic fibrosis
A diagram that shows the occurrence of a genetic trait in sev…
A person who has one recessive allele for a trait, but does n…
In humans, the term for the developing organism between the e…
A genetic disorder that occurs in people with two copies of a…
pedigree
A diagram that shows the occurrence of a genetic trait in sev…
carrier
A person who has one recessive allele for a trait, but does n…
22 terms
Biology Chapter 12
Relative Dating
Radiometric Dating
Isotope
Half-Life
Estimate of the age of a fossil based on the location of foss…
Technique that uses the natural decay rate of isotopes to cal…
Form of an element that has the same number of neurons as ano…
Amount of time it takes for half of the isotope in a sample t…
Relative Dating
Estimate of the age of a fossil based on the location of foss…
Radiometric Dating
Technique that uses the natural decay rate of isotopes to cal…
31 terms
Biology Chapter 12
transformation
Bacteriophage
how bacteriophages work
DNA's roles
process where 1 strain of bacteria is changed by genes from a…
virus that infects bacteria
bacteriophage attaches to the surface of the bacterial cell a…
to store, copy, and transmit genetic information in a cell
transformation
process where 1 strain of bacteria is changed by genes from a…
Bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria
33 terms
Biology Chapter 12 Isiip
_______________ goes from DNA to RNA
In RNA: C pairs with ___
In RNA: A pairs with __
In DNA: C pairs with ___
transcription
G
U
G
_______________ goes from DNA to RNA
transcription
In RNA: C pairs with ___
G
22 terms
Biology Chapter 12 DNA
transformation
Bacteriophage
DNA's roles
DNA stands for
process where 1 strain of bacteria is changed by genes from a…
virus that infects bacteria
to store, copy, and transmit genetic information in a cell
deoxyribonucleic acid
transformation
process where 1 strain of bacteria is changed by genes from a…
Bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria
25 terms
Biology: Chapter 12 DNA
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
The process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a g…
A virus that infects bacteria.
A monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a pho…
A principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine a…
transformation
The process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a g…
bacteriophage
A virus that infects bacteria.
45 terms
Biology Chapter 12 Vocabulary
clone
diploid
haploid
homologous chromosomes
a group of genetically identical cells or organisms derived f…
(genetics) an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes…
(genetics) an organism or cell having only one complete set o…
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes, that have t…
clone
a group of genetically identical cells or organisms derived f…
diploid
(genetics) an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes…
19 terms
NAHS Biology 1 Chapter 12
Frederick Griffith
transformation
1928
Oswald Avery
the scientist who used mice to discover the process of transf…
process in which one strand of bacteria is changed by a gene…
year of Frederick Griffith's experiments
scientist who discovered what the transforming factor was in…
Frederick Griffith
the scientist who used mice to discover the process of transf…
transformation
process in which one strand of bacteria is changed by a gene…
27 terms
Biology Chapter 12
agglutin-
bil-
embol-
erythr-
to glue together
bile
stopper
red
agglutin-
to glue together
bil-
bile
41 terms
AP Biology Chapter 12
anaphase
anchorage dependence
aster
benign tumor
fourth stage of mitosis, in which the chromatids of each chro…
the requirement that to divide, a cell must be attached to th…
a radial array of short microtubules that extends from each c…
a mass of abnormal cells that remains at the site of origin
anaphase
fourth stage of mitosis, in which the chromatids of each chro…
anchorage dependence
the requirement that to divide, a cell must be attached to th…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 12 Vocabulary Molecular Genetics
codon
DNA polymerase
double helix
exon
three-base code in DNA or RNA
enzyme that catalyzes synthesis of new DNA nucleotides
twisted-ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide strands…
in RNA processing one of the pieces of DNA that serve as codi…
codon
three-base code in DNA or RNA
DNA polymerase
enzyme that catalyzes synthesis of new DNA nucleotides
21 terms
Biology Chapter 12 DNA
transformation
Bacteriophage
DNA's roles
DNA stands for
process where 1 strain of bacteria is changed by genes from a…
virus that infects bacteria
to store, copy, and transmit genetic information in a cell
Deoxyribonucleic acid
transformation
process where 1 strain of bacteria is changed by genes from a…
Bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria
Biology Chapter 12: Miller and Levine
transformation
Bacteriophage
bacteriophage attaches to the surface…
to store, ... copy, and ... transmit genetic…
process where 1 strain of bacteria is changed by genes from a…
virus that infects bacteria
how bacteriophages work
DNA's roles (3)
transformation
process where 1 strain of bacteria is changed by genes from a…
Bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria
Chapter 12 Biology vocabulary
sex chromosome
autosome
sex-linked trait
linked gene
The pair of chromosomes that determine the sex of an individu…
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome.
a trait that is determined by a gene found on one of the sex…
One of a pair of genes that tend to be inherited together.
sex chromosome
The pair of chromosomes that determine the sex of an individu…
autosome
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome.
17 terms
biology II, chapter 12
pedigree
carrier
fetus
recessive allele
A diagram that shows the occurrence of a genetic trait in sev…
a person who has one recessive allele for a trait and one dom…
In humans, the term for the developing organism between the e…
An allele that is masked when a dominant allele is present
pedigree
A diagram that shows the occurrence of a genetic trait in sev…
carrier
a person who has one recessive allele for a trait and one dom…
47 terms
Biology Chapter 12
What is a double helix?
What is a nucleotide?
What are the basic building blocks of…
Which was the conclusion of Griffith's…
Twisted-ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide strands…
A subunit of nucleic acid formed from a simple sugar, a phosp…
Nucleotides
Bacteria exposed to DNA can incorporate the DNA and change ph…
What is a double helix?
Twisted-ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide strands…
What is a nucleotide?
A subunit of nucleic acid formed from a simple sugar, a phosp…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 12 DNA
transformation
Bacteriophage
DNA's roles
DNA stands for
process where 1 strain of bacteria is changed by genes from a…
virus that infects bacteria
to store, copy, and transmit genetic information in a cell
Deoxyribonucleic acid
transformation
process where 1 strain of bacteria is changed by genes from a…
Bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria
24 terms
Biology - Chapter 12 DNA-Protein Synthesis
nucleotide
base pairing
chromatin
histone
a monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a pho…
a principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine a…
material visible within the nucleus before cell division; con…
the globular protein molecule around which DNA is tightly coi…
nucleotide
a monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a pho…
base pairing
a principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine a…
Holt Biology Chapter 12
Radiometric Dating
Half Life
Miller-Urey Experiment
Bubble Model
Guessing the age of an object based on it's number of radiois…
The span in which half of a radioisotope's stuff decays.
An experiment meant to test the primordial soup theory in whi…
A theory proposed by Louis Lerman that said the processes nee…
Radiometric Dating
Guessing the age of an object based on it's number of radiois…
Half Life
The span in which half of a radioisotope's stuff decays.
22 terms
Biology Chapter 12 Review
Gonads
Androgens
In the absence of a Y chromosome, a fe…
Humans have ___ pairs of chromosomes.
ovaries in females and testes in males.
testosterone and estrogen
Female
23.
Gonads
ovaries in females and testes in males.
Androgens
testosterone and estrogen
48 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 12
The Cell Theory
Identical
Genome
Prokaryotes
All organisms are composed of cells, cells are the basic unit…
Most cell division results in genetically ____ daughter cells.
The cell's genetic material.
Have a single DNA molecule (chromosome).
The Cell Theory
All organisms are composed of cells, cells are the basic unit…
Identical
Most cell division results in genetically ____ daughter cells.
15 terms
Biology Chapter 12
disease
cancer
benign tumor
malignant tumor
any condition that interferes with the normal functioning of…
condition that results from the runaway growth of the body's…
tumor that shows no tendency to spread through the body
cells of a benign tumor leave the tumor and spread through th…
disease
any condition that interferes with the normal functioning of…
cancer
condition that results from the runaway growth of the body's…
96 terms
Biology 472 Chapter 12
3 types of muscle tissue in the body
skeletal muscles
cardiac muscles
smooth muscles
skeletal muscle... cardiac muscle... smooth muscle
control body movements ... large, multinucleated cells... striated…
found only in the heart... move blood through the circulatory sy…
internal organs and tubes... small and lack striations... involuntary
3 types of muscle tissue in the body
skeletal muscle... cardiac muscle... smooth muscle
skeletal muscles
control body movements ... large, multinucleated cells... striated…
54 terms
Biology 1441 Chapter 12
cell division
cell cycle
genome
In prokaryotes, the genome usually con…
the reproduction of cells
an ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell, from its…
the genetic material of an organism or virus the complete com…
23, Haploid (1n)
cell division
the reproduction of cells
cell cycle
an ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell, from its…
13 terms
Biology Chapter 12
Mendel performed hybridizations by tra…
Which is one of the seven characterist…
Imagine you are performing a cross inv…
Consider a cross to investigate the pe…
anther
seed texture
100 percent yellow seeds
217
Mendel performed hybridizations by tra…
anther
Which is one of the seven characterist…
seed texture
28 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 12
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
virus that infects bacteria
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
transformation
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria
24 terms
Biology Chapter 12 - McElhaney
acid rain
biome
biosphere
climax community
rain that is caused by pollution and is harmful to organisms…
an ecosystem found over a large geographic area
the part of the Earth where living things can exist
a community that changes little over time
acid rain
rain that is caused by pollution and is harmful to organisms…
biome
an ecosystem found over a large geographic area
48 terms
Biology Chapter 12: Miller and Levine
transformation
Bacteriophage
bacteriophage attaches to the surface…
to store, ... copy, and ... transmit genetic…
process where 1 strain of bacteria is changed by genes from a…
virus that infects bacteria
how bacteriophages work
DNA's roles (3)
transformation
process where 1 strain of bacteria is changed by genes from a…
Bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria
25 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 12
base pairing
bacteriophage
nucleotide
transformation
principle that bonds in DNA can for onl etween adenine and th…
virus that infects bacteria
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar; a phosp…
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
base pairing
principle that bonds in DNA can for onl etween adenine and th…
bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria
12 terms
Biology Chapter 12
inbreeding
genetic engineering
DNA fingerprinting
selective breeding
method of maintaining desirable charateristics by crossing in…
technique that directly alters an organism's DNA; altering th…
technique for identifying individuals using repeated sequence…
method of improving a species by choosing animals or plants t…
inbreeding
method of maintaining desirable charateristics by crossing in…
genetic engineering
technique that directly alters an organism's DNA; altering th…
18 terms
Biology Chapter 12
double helix
nucleosome
DNA polymerase
Okazaki fragment
twisted -ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide strand…
repeating subunit of chromatin fibers, consisting of DNA coil…
enzyme that catalyzes synthesis of new DNA molecules
short segment of DNA synthesized discontinuously in small seg…
double helix
twisted -ladder shape of DNA, formed by two nucleotide strand…
nucleosome
repeating subunit of chromatin fibers, consisting of DNA coil…
Biology chapter 12
Excretion
Egestion
Nephron
Glomerulus
Your body getting rid of waste from metabolism, toxic substan…
Body getting rid of undigested waste
Tiny little tubes in the kidneys
A tangle of blood capillaries in the cup-shaped renal capsule…
Excretion
Your body getting rid of waste from metabolism, toxic substan…
Egestion
Body getting rid of undigested waste
47 terms
Chapter 12 The Cell Cycle Campbell Biology
Cell Division
Cell Cycle
Genome
chromosomes
the reproduction of cells through mitosis or meiosis
the life of a cell from when it is first formed from a dividi…
A cell's genetic information
the structures that DNA molecules are packaged into
Cell Division
the reproduction of cells through mitosis or meiosis
Cell Cycle
the life of a cell from when it is first formed from a dividi…
28 terms
RLCA Biology Chapter 12
the process in which one strain of bac…
a virus that infects bacteria 12-1
a monomer of nucleic acids made up of…
a principle that bonds in DNA can form…
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
the process in which one strain of bac…
transformation
a virus that infects bacteria 12-1
bacteriophage
22 terms
Biology Chapter 12
relative dating
radiometric dating
isotope
half-life
a method of determining whether an event or object, such as a…
a method of determining the absolute age of an object, often…
an atom that has the same number of protons as other atoms of…
the time required for half of a sample of a radioactive isoto…
relative dating
a method of determining whether an event or object, such as a…
radiometric dating
a method of determining the absolute age of an object, often…
20 terms
Biology Chapter 12
mycology
mycorrhiza
chitin
hypha
the study of fungi
symbiotic relationship between fungal hyphae and plant roots
a complex polysaccharide that is a component in the cell wall…
one of the slender filaments that composes the mycelium of a…
mycology
the study of fungi
mycorrhiza
symbiotic relationship between fungal hyphae and plant roots
24 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 12
anaphase
anchorage dependence
aster
benign tumor
fourth stage of mitosis, in which the chromatids of each chro…
the requirement that to divide, a cell must be attached to th…
a radial array of short microtubules that extends from each c…
a mass of abnormal cells that remains at the site of origin
anaphase
fourth stage of mitosis, in which the chromatids of each chro…
anchorage dependence
the requirement that to divide, a cell must be attached to th…
25 terms
Biology Chapter 12 Vocabulary
Mycology
Dimorphism
Hyphae
Septa
the study of fungi
Ability of some fungi to change form in order to survive in d…
the slender filaments that compose the mycelium of a fungi
a wall that separates individual cells in fungi
Mycology
the study of fungi
Dimorphism
Ability of some fungi to change form in order to survive in d…
23 terms
Dons Biology Chapter 12
double helix
nucleosome
DNA polymerase
Okazaki fragment
the physical description of DNA
a protein that organizes the DNA
the enzyme that adds DNA nucleotides during DNA replication
the short fragments added to the lagging strand
double helix
the physical description of DNA
nucleosome
a protein that organizes the DNA
Biology, Chapter 12.3, DNA, RNA, and Protein
RNA
messenger RNA
ribosomal RNA
transfer RNA
a nucleic acid that is similar to DNA; usually a single stran…
molecules that are long strands of RNA nucleotides that are f…
type of RNA that associates with proteins to form ribosomes i…
smaller segments of RNA nucleotides that transport amino acid…
RNA
a nucleic acid that is similar to DNA; usually a single stran…
messenger RNA
molecules that are long strands of RNA nucleotides that are f…
18 terms
Biology Chapter 12 Transcription
Explain semi conservative replication
List the steps in DNA replication
What is transcription? List the steps.
Write the amino acid sequence that cor…
New DNA is made of one old and one new strand
1. DNA unzips... 2) Free nucleotides match up with base pairs on…
1) RNA copies from 1 strand of DNA... 2) DNA unzips0MRNA abreaks…
AUG/GGG/CCC/UCU/GCG/UGA... Met- GLY-PRo-SER-A
Explain semi conservative replication
New DNA is made of one old and one new strand
List the steps in DNA replication
1. DNA unzips... 2) Free nucleotides match up with base pairs on…
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