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16 terms
Biology Chapter 13
behavior
stimulus
innate behavior
instinct
The way an organism acts.
Anything to which an organism reacts.
A behavior that is present at birth.
A pattern of innate behavior.
behavior
The way an organism acts.
stimulus
Anything to which an organism reacts.
12 terms
Biology Chapter 13 Vocab
Population
Natural selection
Adaptation
Reproductive isolation
Consist of all the individuals of a species that live in a sp…
A process by which individuals that have favorable variations…
Is an inherited trait that has become common in a population…
Is the condition in which two populations of the same species…
Population
Consist of all the individuals of a species that live in a sp…
Natural selection
A process by which individuals that have favorable variations…
40 terms
Biology Chapter 13
RNA vs. DNA
mRNA
tRNA
rRNA
1) The sugar in RNA is ribose instead of deoxyribose... 2) RNA i…
carries information from DNA to other parts of the cell
transfers each amino acid to the ribosome as it is specified…
type of RNA that makes up ribosomes
RNA vs. DNA
1) The sugar in RNA is ribose instead of deoxyribose... 2) RNA i…
mRNA
carries information from DNA to other parts of the cell
22 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 13
gametes
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
homologous chromosomes
reproductive cells that transmit genes from one generation to…
the generation of offspring from a single parent without the…
the generation of offspring from two parents that have unique…
a pair of chromosomes that have the same length, centromere p…
gametes
reproductive cells that transmit genes from one generation to…
asexual reproduction
the generation of offspring from a single parent without the…
32 terms
Biology Chapter 13
gametes
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
homologous chromosomes
reproductive cells that transmit genes from one generation to…
the generation of offspring from a single parent without the…
the generation of offspring from two parents that have unique…
a pair of chromosomes that have the same length, centromere p…
gametes
reproductive cells that transmit genes from one generation to…
asexual reproduction
the generation of offspring from a single parent without the…
30 terms
Biology: Chapter 13 (Hower)
RNA
mRNA
tRNA
transcription
a nucleic acid that (like DNA), consists of a long chain of n…
the molecules that carry information from DNA to other parts…
the molecules that bring amino acids to the ribosome
synthesis of a RNA molecule from a DNA template
RNA
a nucleic acid that (like DNA), consists of a long chain of n…
mRNA
the molecules that carry information from DNA to other parts…
24 terms
Biology Chapter 13
uracil
thymine
G
U
RNA contains this base, which DNA does not have.
RNA does NOT contain this base.
C = ____
In RNA, A = ____
uracil
RNA contains this base, which DNA does not have.
thymine
RNA does NOT contain this base.
18 terms
Chapter 13 AGS Biology
Territorial Behvior
Chemical Signal
Trial-and-error learning
Instinct
Claims and defends an area... Ex. Fighting, Bird songs,
ODOR used to send information... Ex. Cat or dog urine, ant alarm…
A way of learning that involves connecting a behavior with a…
an innate behavior that follows a pattern... Ex. Nest building
Territorial Behvior
Claims and defends an area... Ex. Fighting, Bird songs,
Chemical Signal
ODOR used to send information... Ex. Cat or dog urine, ant alarm…
28 terms
Biology Chapter 13 RNA and Protein Synthesis
RNA
messenger RNA
ribosomal RNA
transfer RNA
a single-stranded nucleic acid that passes along genetic mess…
a single-stranded RNA molecule that carries the instructions…
combines with proteins to form ribosomes, the structures that…
type of RNA molecule that transfers amino acids to ribosomes…
RNA
a single-stranded nucleic acid that passes along genetic mess…
messenger RNA
a single-stranded RNA molecule that carries the instructions…
12 terms
Biology Chapter 13 vocab
Population
Natural selection
Adaptation
Reproductive isolation
Consist of all the individuals of a species that live in a sp…
A process by which individuals that have favorable variations…
Is an inherited trait that has become common in a population…
Is the condition in which two populations of the same species…
Population
Consist of all the individuals of a species that live in a sp…
Natural selection
A process by which individuals that have favorable variations…
25 terms
Biology Chapter 13 Vocabulary
Ecology
Community
Ecosystem
Biome
Study of the interactions among living things and their surro…
Collection of all of the different populations that live in o…
Collection of organisms and nonliving things, such as climate…
Regional or global community of organisms characterized by th…
Ecology
Study of the interactions among living things and their surro…
Community
Collection of all of the different populations that live in o…
28 terms
Biology chapter 13
Ecology
Community
Ecosystem
Biome
study of the interactions among living things and their surro…
collection of all the different populations that live in one…
collection of organisms and nonliving things, such as climate…
regional or global community of organisms characterized by th…
Ecology
study of the interactions among living things and their surro…
Community
collection of all the different populations that live in one…
29 terms
Biology: Chapter 13-14
ecology
community
ecosystem
biome
the study of the interactions among living things and their s…
a group of different species that live together in one area
includes all of the organisms as well as the climate, soil, w…
a major regional or global community of organisms
ecology
the study of the interactions among living things and their s…
community
a group of different species that live together in one area
22 terms
AP Biology Chapter 13
gametes
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
homologous chromosomes
reproductive cells that transmit genes from one generation to…
the generation of offspring from a single parent without the…
the generation of offspring from two parents that have unique…
a pair of chromosomes that have the same length, centromere p…
gametes
reproductive cells that transmit genes from one generation to…
asexual reproduction
the generation of offspring from a single parent without the…
43 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 13
gametes
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
homologous chromosomes
reproductive cells that transmit genes from one generation to…
the generation of offspring from a single parent without the…
the generation of offspring from two parents that have unique…
a pair of chromosomes that have the same length, centromere p…
gametes
reproductive cells that transmit genes from one generation to…
asexual reproduction
the generation of offspring from a single parent without the…
32 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 13
gametes
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
homologous chromosomes
reproductive cells that transmit genes from one generation to…
the generation of offspring from a single parent without the…
the generation of offspring from two parents that have unique…
a pair of chromosomes that have the same length, centromere p…
gametes
reproductive cells that transmit genes from one generation to…
asexual reproduction
the generation of offspring from a single parent without the…
59 terms
Mastering Biology Chapter 13
Human gametes are produced by _____.
Normal human gametes carry _____ chrom…
A diploid organism whose somatic (nons…
Which statement correctly describes ho…
Meiosis produces haploid gametes from a diploid parental cell.
23
16 is half of 32.
DNA content is halved in both meiosis I and meiosis II. Ploid…
Human gametes are produced by _____.
Meiosis produces haploid gametes from a diploid parental cell.
Normal human gametes carry _____ chrom…
23
30 terms
Biology: Chapter 13
RNA
mRNA
tRNA
transcription
a nucleic acid that (like DNA), consists of a long chain of n…
the molecules that carry information from DNA to other parts…
the molecules that bring amino acids to the ribosome
synthesis of a RNA molecule from a DNA template
RNA
a nucleic acid that (like DNA), consists of a long chain of n…
mRNA
the molecules that carry information from DNA to other parts…
28 terms
Biology Chapter 13
RNA
messenger RNA
ribosomal RNA
transfer RNA
single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose
type of RNA that carries copies of the instructions for the a…
type of RNA that combines with proteins to form ribosomes
type of RNA that carries each amino acid to a ribosome during…
RNA
single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose
messenger RNA
type of RNA that carries copies of the instructions for the a…
59 terms
Biology - Chapter 13 and 14
ecology
organism
population
community
study of interactions among living things and their surroundi…
individual
members of same species in same are
multiple populations
ecology
study of interactions among living things and their surroundi…
organism
individual
32 terms
Chapter 13 Biology Terms
Genetics
Heredity
Variation
Genes
the scientific study of heredity and variation
the transmission of traits from one generation to the next
demonstrated by the differences in appearance that offspring…
the units of heredity, and are made of up segments of DNA... -th…
Genetics
the scientific study of heredity and variation
Heredity
the transmission of traits from one generation to the next
27 terms
Pearson Texas Biology: Chapter 13 RNA and Protein Synthesis N. Walker
RNA
Messenger RNA
Ribosomal RNA
Transfer RNA
Ribonucleic acid; single-stranded nucleic acid that contains…
mRNA; type of RNA that carries copies of instructions for the…
type of RNA that combines with proteins to form ribosomes.
tRNA; type of RNA that carries each amino acid to a ribosome…
RNA
Ribonucleic acid; single-stranded nucleic acid that contains…
Messenger RNA
mRNA; type of RNA that carries copies of instructions for the…
21 terms
Biology- Chapter 13
nitrogenous base
RNA
transcription
translation
an organic base that contains nitrogen, such as a purine or p…
a natural polymer that is present in all living cells and tha…
the process of forming a nucleic acid by using another molecu…
the portion of protein synthesis that takes place at ribosome…
nitrogenous base
an organic base that contains nitrogen, such as a purine or p…
RNA
a natural polymer that is present in all living cells and tha…
Biology, Chapter 13.2, DNA Technology
genetic engineering
genome
restriction enzyme
gel electrophoresis
technology that involves manipulating the DNA of one organism…
the total DNA present in the nucleus of each cell
proteins that recognize and bind to specific DNA sequences an…
an electric current used to separate DNA fragments according…
genetic engineering
technology that involves manipulating the DNA of one organism…
genome
the total DNA present in the nucleus of each cell
38 terms
Biology Chapter 13 Meiosis
Fertilization
Meiosis
Karyotype
Sex Chromosomes
-when the egg and sperm (gametes) unite to form a new individ…
-nuclear division that precedes the formation of gametes with…
-the number and types of chromosomes present in an organism
-determines the sex of an individual (there are two, or one p…
Fertilization
-when the egg and sperm (gametes) unite to form a new individ…
Meiosis
-nuclear division that precedes the formation of gametes with…
23 terms
Biology Chapter 13
Ecology
Community
Ecosystem
Biome
Study of the interactions among living things, between living…
Group of different species that live together in one area.
All of the organisms and nonliving things in an area.
Major regional or global community of organisms.
Ecology
Study of the interactions among living things, between living…
Community
Group of different species that live together in one area.
9 terms
Chapter 13 (AP Biology)
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
X & Y Chromosomes
Diploid
A single individual passes genes to its offspring without the…
Two parents give rise to offspring that have unique combinati…
The chromosomes that determine the sex of an individual
(2n)- 2 sets of chromosomes (ex: Humans: 2n=46)
Asexual Reproduction
A single individual passes genes to its offspring without the…
Sexual Reproduction
Two parents give rise to offspring that have unique combinati…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 13
spontaneous generation
evolution
Plato
Aristotle
living things can arise from non-living things
idea of creation without a Creator was first attempt at devel…
Greek philosopher who put together the system of doctrine of…
Greek philosopher who believed that intellect is the highest…
spontaneous generation
living things can arise from non-living things
evolution
idea of creation without a Creator was first attempt at devel…
23 terms
Biology Chapter 13
selective breeding
inbreeding
test cross
genetic engineering
directed breeding to produce plants and animals with desired…
selective breeding of closely related organisms to produce de…
breeding that can be used to determine an organism's genotype
technology used to manipulate and organism's DNA by inserting…
selective breeding
directed breeding to produce plants and animals with desired…
inbreeding
selective breeding of closely related organisms to produce de…
26 terms
Biology chapter 13
RNA
Messenger RNA
Ribosomal RNA
Transfer RNA
Nucleic acid that is made up of a long chain of nucleotieds
Copies genetic information
Makes up to 80 differemt proties
Transfers information
RNA
Nucleic acid that is made up of a long chain of nucleotieds
Messenger RNA
Copies genetic information
30 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 13
Heredity
Genes
Gametes
Somatic Cells
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
DNA segments that serve as the key functional units in heredi…
Sex cells
Any cells in the body other than reproductive cells
Heredity
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
Genes
DNA segments that serve as the key functional units in heredi…
34 terms
Biology 1441 Chapter 13
heredity
variation
genetics
genes
the transmission of traits from one generation to the next
differences between members of the same species
the scientific study of heredity and hereditary variation
a discrete unit of hereditary information consisting of a spe…
heredity
the transmission of traits from one generation to the next
variation
differences between members of the same species
Biology, Chapter 13.3, The Human Genome
DNA fingerprinting
bioinformatics
DNA microarray
single nucleotide polymorphism
separating DNA fragments using gel electrophoresis in order t…
field of study that involves creating and maintaining databas…
tiny microscope slides or silicon chips that are spotted with…
variations in the DNA sequence that occur when a single nucle…
DNA fingerprinting
separating DNA fragments using gel electrophoresis in order t…
bioinformatics
field of study that involves creating and maintaining databas…
12 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 13 Principles of Ecology
ecology
community
ecosystem
biome
the study of the interactions among living things, and betwee…
a group of different species that live together in one area
includes all of the organisms as well the climate, soil, wate…
a major regional or global community of organisms, usually ch…
ecology
the study of the interactions among living things, and betwee…
community
a group of different species that live together in one area
26 terms
Biology-Chapter 13 & 14 Structure of DNA AND Genes in Action
Mutation
nondisjunction
polyploidy
transcription factors
a change of structure or amount of genetic material of an org…
a failure of homologous chromosomes to separate during meiosi…
an abnormal condition of having more than 2 sets of chromosomes
an enzyme that is needed to begin and/or continue genetic tra…
Mutation
a change of structure or amount of genetic material of an org…
nondisjunction
a failure of homologous chromosomes to separate during meiosi…
39 terms
Biology 207 -- Chapter 13
Role of DNA in heredity
Frederick Griffith
transformation
Double helix
discovered by studying bacteria and the viruses that infect t…
---worked with two strains of a bacterium, one pathogenic and…
a change in genotype and phenotype due to assimilation of for…
Two strands; A<-->T ; G<-->C
Role of DNA in heredity
discovered by studying bacteria and the viruses that infect t…
Frederick Griffith
---worked with two strains of a bacterium, one pathogenic and…
Biology chapter 13
Stimulus
Receptor
Effector
Coordination
A change in the environment that can be detected by the senses
Special cells rhat sense the stimuli
Part od the body that responds to the stimulus, for example m…
Passing on of the stimuli from the receptors to the effectors
Stimulus
A change in the environment that can be detected by the senses
Receptor
Special cells rhat sense the stimuli
31 terms
Abeka- Biology- Chapter 13
solomon
spontaneous generation
evolution
plati
the most famous early hebrew naturalist
the idea that living things can arise from non-living things
the ideas that creation without a creator were perhaps mand f…
put together a system known as the doctrine of ideas,
solomon
the most famous early hebrew naturalist
spontaneous generation
the idea that living things can arise from non-living things
183 terms
Chapter 13 Biology
Genes contain coded DNA instructions t…
What is the first step in decoding the…
RNA is a ________ that consists of a l…
What does RNA use the base sequence co…
proteins
to copy part of the base sequence from DNA to RNA
nucleic acid (like DNA)
to direct the production of proteins
Genes contain coded DNA instructions t…
proteins
What is the first step in decoding the…
to copy part of the base sequence from DNA to RNA
31 terms
Biology Chapter 13
Drawback to field experiment
population
Biome
Organism
It is difficult to determine cause and effect
Term used to describe a level of organization that contains o…
Largest organization
Smallest organization level
Drawback to field experiment
It is difficult to determine cause and effect
population
Term used to describe a level of organization that contains o…
23 terms
Biology Chapter 13
Ecology
Community
Ecosystem
Biome
The study of the interactions among living things, and betwee…
A group of different species that live together in one area.
Includes all of the organisms as well as the climate, soil, w…
A major regional or global community of organisms.
Ecology
The study of the interactions among living things, and betwee…
Community
A group of different species that live together in one area.
29 terms
Biology Chapter 13
RNA
Messenger RNA
Ribosomal RNA
Transfer RNA
a nucleic acid that consists of long chains of nucleotides (A…
carry information from DNA to other parts of the cell
type of RNA that combines with proteins to form ribosomes... typ…
RNA molecule which transfers each amino acid to the ribosome…
RNA
a nucleic acid that consists of long chains of nucleotides (A…
Messenger RNA
carry information from DNA to other parts of the cell
29 terms
Biology Chapter 13 Vocab
RNA
Messenger RNA
Ribosomal RNA
Transfer RNA
A type of nucleic acid consisting of nucleotide monomers with…
mRNA, RNA that copies the coded message from DNA in the nucle…
rRNA, type of RNA that combines with proteins to form ribosomes
tRNA, type of RNA that carries each amino acid to a ribosome…
RNA
A type of nucleic acid consisting of nucleotide monomers with…
Messenger RNA
mRNA, RNA that copies the coded message from DNA in the nucle…
Biology Chapter 13 Vocabulary
Ecology
Community
Ecosystem
Biome
Study of the interactions among living things and their surro…
Collection of all of the different populations that live in o…
Collection of organisms and nonliving things, such as climate…
Regional or global community of organisms characterized by th…
Ecology
Study of the interactions among living things and their surro…
Community
Collection of all of the different populations that live in o…
32 terms
Biology Terms- Chapter 13
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Detritivores
Decomposers
Organisms that are able to make their own food
Consumers that feed off of different things
Feed on plant and animal remains and other dead matter; ex: E…
Organisms that break down the dead remains of other organisms…
Autotrophs
Organisms that are able to make their own food
Heterotrophs
Consumers that feed off of different things
39 terms
Campbell Biology 10th ed. Chapter 13
gametes
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
homologous chromosomes
reproductive cells that transmit genes from one generation to…
the generation of offspring from a single parent without the…
the generation of offspring from two parents that have unique…
a pair of chromosomes that have the same length, centromere p…
gametes
reproductive cells that transmit genes from one generation to…
asexual reproduction
the generation of offspring from a single parent without the…
27 terms
Biology chapter 13
Natural selection
Population
Adaptation
Evolution
A process in which organisms with certain inherited character…
A group of individuals of the same species living in the same…
A population's increase in the frequency of traits suited to…
biological change over time based on the environment.
Natural selection
A process in which organisms with certain inherited character…
Population
A group of individuals of the same species living in the same…
27 terms
Biology Chapter 13
Abiotic
Autotroph
Biodiversity
biogeochemical cycle
nonliving things in an ecosystem
organisms that make their own food from sunlight or chemical…
the assortment or variety of living things in an ecosystem
movement of a particular chemical through the biological and…
Abiotic
nonliving things in an ecosystem
Autotroph
organisms that make their own food from sunlight or chemical…
17 terms
Chapter 13 Biology
behavior
stimulus
innate behavior
reflex
interaction of heredity and experience
anything in which an organism reacts
a behavior that is present at birth
a innate behavior
behavior
interaction of heredity and experience
stimulus
anything in which an organism reacts
39 terms
Biology Chapter 13
Chromosomes
XX
XY
Homozygous
Long molecules of DNA wrapped around nucleosomes
What two chromosomes do females have?
What two chromosomes do males have?
Same alleles
Chromosomes
Long molecules of DNA wrapped around nucleosomes
XX
What two chromosomes do females have?
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