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Study sets matching "biology chapter 2 energy"

56 terms
Biology chapter 2 energy
Energy
How is chemical energy stored?
Available energy
Chemical energy is comprised of what t…
The capacity to do work
Through chemical bonds
Free energy
Heat energy and free energy
Energy
The capacity to do work
How is chemical energy stored?
Through chemical bonds
Biology, Chapter 2.2, Flow of Energy in an Ecosystem
autotroph
heterotroph
herbivore
carnivore
an organism that collects energy from sunlight or inorganic s…
an organism that gets its energy requirements by consuming ot…
heterotroph that eats only plants
heterotroph that prey on other heterotrophs
autotroph
an organism that collects energy from sunlight or inorganic s…
heterotroph
an organism that gets its energy requirements by consuming ot…
28 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Section 2 (Energy)
All living things use ______________ a…
The amount of energy throughout the un…
The main source of energy for living t…
electrical energy
energy
constant
sun
flow of electricity
All living things use ______________ a…
energy
The amount of energy throughout the un…
constant
52 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 2 Life Chemistry and Energy
Amphipathic
Anabolic Reaction
Anion
Atomic Number
Of a molecule, having both hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions.
A synthetic reaction in which simple molecules are linked to…
A negatively charged ion.
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom; also equals…
Amphipathic
Of a molecule, having both hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions.
Anabolic Reaction
A synthetic reaction in which simple molecules are linked to…
9 terms
Chapter 2: Energy & Matter, Biology
Biogeochemical Cycle
Cellular Respiration
Decomposer
Energy
A cycle that involves the transfer of biologically important…
The process through which organic molecules are broken down t…
An organism that feeds on dead and decaying organic material.
The capacity to do work.
Biogeochemical Cycle
A cycle that involves the transfer of biologically important…
Cellular Respiration
The process through which organic molecules are broken down t…
11 terms
Environmental Biology- Chapter 2 Energy
Energy
Potential energy
Kinetic energy
Chemical energy
The capacity to change the position, physical composition, or…
Energy of position ... Ex: nuclear, mechanic energy, food
Energy of motion... Ex: thermal, light, sound energy
Potential energy held in the bonds between atoms... -stored ener…
Energy
The capacity to change the position, physical composition, or…
Potential energy
Energy of position ... Ex: nuclear, mechanic energy, food
34 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Matter & Energy
Chemistry
Matter
Element
Atoms
The study of the composition and properties of matter and the…
Everything that occupies space and has mass
A pure substnace that can not be broken into a simpler substa…
The smallest particle of an element that retains the characte…
Chemistry
The study of the composition and properties of matter and the…
Matter
Everything that occupies space and has mass
52 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2: Chemistry and Energy of Life
What is most essential to life?
Polar
Hydrogen Bond
Covalent
H20 (Water)
unequal sharing of e- in a covalent bond
weak interaction between two polar molecules
sharing e-
What is most essential to life?
H20 (Water)
Polar
unequal sharing of e- in a covalent bond
7 terms
Biology Chapter 2.4 Vocab- Energy
Chemical reaction
Reactant
Product
Activation energy
Process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
Element or compound that enter into a chemical reaction
Element or compound produced by a chemical reaction
Energy that is needed to get a reaction started
Chemical reaction
Process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
Reactant
Element or compound that enter into a chemical reaction
55 terms
Chapter 2: Renewable Energy
nameplate capacity
capacity factor
levelised cost of electricity (LCOE)
O&M
maximum rated power output (synonym installed capacity)
actual output divided by nameplate capacity
cost of electricity over entire lifetime of power plant
operations and maintenance
nameplate capacity
maximum rated power output (synonym installed capacity)
capacity factor
actual output divided by nameplate capacity
36 terms
Biology Honors Chapter 2: Energy, Life, and Biosphere
Abiotic Factors
Active Site
ADP
ATP
Nonliving factors in an ecosystem such as soil, minerals, wat…
A restricted region of an enzyme in which binds to the substr…
When energy from ATP is used, a phosphate group is lost and t…
Molecule that cells use to power energy. Stores energy so it…
Abiotic Factors
Nonliving factors in an ecosystem such as soil, minerals, wat…
Active Site
A restricted region of an enzyme in which binds to the substr…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Section 2 (Energy)
All living things use ______________ a…
The amount of energy throughout the un…
activation energy
mechanical energy
energy
constant
chemical bonds
ability to do work
All living things use ______________ a…
energy
The amount of energy throughout the un…
constant
9 terms
Biology Chapter 2, Section 2: Energy
energy
chemical reaction
products
activation energy
the ability to do work
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
Elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
the amount of energy needed to start a reaction
energy
the ability to do work
chemical reaction
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
13 terms
Chapter 2 - Matter and Energy
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter; the subatomic particles that make up at…
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
A negatively charged particle
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
atom
basic unit of matter; the subatomic particles that make up at…
nucleus
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
12 terms
Chapter 2: Energy and Ecosystems
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Herbivore
Carnivore
Organisms, such as plants, that capture energy from the sun m…
Organisms that get their energy needs met by consuming other…
An organism that gains its energy needs by consuming plants o…
An organism that gains its energy needs by consuming animal t…
Autotroph
Organisms, such as plants, that capture energy from the sun m…
Heterotroph
Organisms that get their energy needs met by consuming other…
52 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2: Life Chemistry and Energy
Atoms
Nucleus
Electrons
Protons
The smallest unit of a chemical element. Consists of a nucleu…
In cells, the centrally located compartment of eukaryotic cel…
A subatomic particle outside the nucleus carrying a negative…
A subatomic particle with a single positive charge. The numbe…
Atoms
The smallest unit of a chemical element. Consists of a nucleu…
Nucleus
In cells, the centrally located compartment of eukaryotic cel…
27 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Maronde, Biology 1 Chapter 2 Energy and Food Webs Maronde
Ecology
Biosphere
Biotic Factor
Abiotic Factor
scientific study of all the interrelationships between organi…
The portion of earth where life is found
any living factor in an organism's environment
any nonliving factor in an organism's environment, such as so…
Ecology
scientific study of all the interrelationships between organi…
Biosphere
The portion of earth where life is found
7 terms
Biology Chapter 2.4 (Energy) Vocab
Chemical Reaciton
Reactant
Product
Activation Energy
Process that changes, or rains forms, one set of chemicals un…
Element or compound that enters into a chemical reaction
Element or compound produced by a chemical reaction
Energy that is needed to get a reaction started
Chemical Reaciton
Process that changes, or rains forms, one set of chemicals un…
Reactant
Element or compound that enters into a chemical reaction
17 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 2 Energy and Food Webs Maronde
Biotic Factor
Abiotic Factor
Population
Biological Community
any living factor in an organism's environment
any nonliving factor in an organism's environment, such as so…
group of organisms of the same species that occupy the same g…
all the interacting populations of different species in a cer…
Biotic Factor
any living factor in an organism's environment
Abiotic Factor
any nonliving factor in an organism's environment, such as so…
45 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 2: Section 2: Energy
energy
there are different ______ of energy
3 states of matter are...
solid
ability to do work
types(ex.electrical,chemical,thermal,mechanical)
solid, liquid, gas
molecules/atoms are closer(excep. water), move less rapidly,…
energy
ability to do work
there are different ______ of energy
types(ex.electrical,chemical,thermal,mechanical)
40 terms
Honors Biology > Chapter 2: Energy, Life, and the Biosphere
Heterotroph
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
Chemical Energy
an organism that cannot synthesize its own food and is depend…
does not rely on other living organisms, take in organic subs…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
energy stored in chemical bonds, energy stored in organic mol…
Heterotroph
an organism that cannot synthesize its own food and is depend…
Autotroph
does not rely on other living organisms, take in organic subs…
65 terms
Biology Chapter 2: The Chemistry and Energy of Life
atoms
nucleus
dalton
element
consists of a dense, positively charged nucleus
in an atom, contains protons, neutrons and electrons
standard unit of measure for the atom
a pure substance that contains only one type of atom
atoms
consists of a dense, positively charged nucleus
nucleus
in an atom, contains protons, neutrons and electrons
65 terms
Honors Biology > Chapter 2: Energy, Life, and the Biosphere
Heterotroph
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
Chemical Energy
an organism that cannot synthesize its own food and is depend…
does not rely on other living organisms, take in organic subs…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
energy stored in chemical bonds, energy stored in organic mol…
Heterotroph
an organism that cannot synthesize its own food and is depend…
Autotroph
does not rely on other living organisms, take in organic subs…
52 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 2 Life Chemistry and Energy
Amphipathic
Anabolic Reaction
Anion
Atomic Number
Of a molecule, having both hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions.
A synthetic reaction in which simple molecules are linked to…
A negatively charged ion.
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom; also equals…
Amphipathic
Of a molecule, having both hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions.
Anabolic Reaction
A synthetic reaction in which simple molecules are linked to…
60 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2- Chemistry and Energy of Life
What type of bond do all molecules have?
What causes water to have polarity?
What are the negative and positive par…
What is the reason that water molecule…
covalent bond
dipole moments
oxygen= negative... hydrogens= positive
dipole moments
What type of bond do all molecules have?
covalent bond
What causes water to have polarity?
dipole moments
34 terms
Chapter 2 Chemistry of Energy and Life. Biology 150
Element
Chemical bond
Covalent ... Ionic ... Hydrogen
Covalent bond
A pure substance that contains only one kind of atom
Force that holds atoms together to form molecules
What are the three types of chemical bonds?
When two atoms share pairs of electrons, atoms attain stabili…
Element
A pure substance that contains only one kind of atom
Chemical bond
Force that holds atoms together to form molecules
31 terms
Chapter 2: Energy and Matter
Boiling
boiling point
calorie (cal)
change of state
The formation of bubbles of gas through a liquid .
The temperature at which a liquid changes to gas(boils) and g…
A nutritional unit of energy equal to 1000 cal, or 1kcal.
The transformation of one state of matter to another;for exam…
Boiling
The formation of bubbles of gas through a liquid .
boiling point
The temperature at which a liquid changes to gas(boils) and g…
11 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Section 2-Energy
energy
chemical reaction
reactant
product
the ability to do work
one or more substances change to produce one or more differen…
a substance or molecule that participates in a chemical react…
the substance that forms in a chemical reaction
energy
the ability to do work
chemical reaction
one or more substances change to produce one or more differen…
21 terms
Chapter 2: Graphing and Energy
Direct Relationship
Indirect Relationship
Static Relationship
Cyclic Relationship
A relationship in which one variable increases with an increa…
one variable goes up and the other goes down
as an independent variable increases, the dependent variable…
a repeating pattern
Direct Relationship
A relationship in which one variable increases with an increa…
Indirect Relationship
one variable goes up and the other goes down
24 terms
Chapter 2 Forces and Energy
force
newton
strength and direction
net force
a push or a pull
SI unit that measures the strength of force
a force is described by its ___________ and ___________
the combination of all forces on an object
force
a push or a pull
newton
SI unit that measures the strength of force
114 terms
Bio Chapter 2: Energy
Decomposer
Biotic Factors
Bioenergetics
Decomposition
- A type of heterotroph which is responsible for recycling ma…
- All the living organisms that inhabit an environment... - Peop…
The flow of energy through living things
- Opposite of synthesis... - Breakdown process
Decomposer
- A type of heterotroph which is responsible for recycling ma…
Biotic Factors
- All the living organisms that inhabit an environment... - Peop…
19 terms
Biology: Chapter 4 - Cells and Energy
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
process by which ATP is synthesized by using chemicals as an…
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
ADP
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
15 terms
Biology: Chapter 2 Energy, Life and the Biosphere
What ability does all life have?
characteristics of life:
Organic molecules store chemical energ…
what is free energy
the ability to absorb energy from environment and convert it…
ingestion, excretion, reproduction, response to stimuli, grow…
Carbon
amount of energy usable for work
What ability does all life have?
the ability to absorb energy from environment and convert it…
characteristics of life:
ingestion, excretion, reproduction, response to stimuli, grow…
12 terms
Chapter 2-Cell Processes and Energy
Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Chlorophyll
The process by which plants and other autotrophs capture and…
An organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or c…
An organism that cannot make its own food and gets food by co…
A green photosynthetic pigment found in the chloroplasts of p…
Photosynthesis
The process by which plants and other autotrophs capture and…
Autotroph
An organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or c…
18 terms
Cell Processes and Energy-Chapter 2
photosynthesis
autotroph
heterotroph
pigment
The process by which a cell captures energy in sunlight and u…
An organism that makes i own food.
An organism that cannot make its own food.
Colored chemical compounds
photosynthesis
The process by which a cell captures energy in sunlight and u…
autotroph
An organism that makes i own food.
21 terms
FoleyForces, and Energy Chapter 2
Force
Balanced forces
Unbalanced forces
Friction
A push or pull
Forces that are in opposite directions and equal in size
The total force on an object is in one direction
A force that opposes motion
Force
A push or pull
Balanced forces
Forces that are in opposite directions and equal in size
32 terms
Chapter 2: Cell Processes & Energy
element
compound
carbohydrate
organic compounds
any material that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
two or more elements combined chemically
main source of energy for living things
contain carbon
element
any material that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
compound
two or more elements combined chemically
36 terms
Chapter 2 Cell Processes and Energy
Photosynthesis
chloroplast
chlorophyll
raw materials for photosynthesis
the two stage process that captures the energy in sunlight to…
organelle within plants where photosynthesis occurs
colored chemical compound (green) within chloroplast that abs…
water and carbon dioxide
Photosynthesis
the two stage process that captures the energy in sunlight to…
chloroplast
organelle within plants where photosynthesis occurs
102 terms
Biology Chapter 2- Energy, Life, and the Biosphere
What is biology?
What are living things called?
What do organisms include?
What are the common characteristics th…
The study of all living things.
organisms
bateria, protists, fungi, plants, and animals
1. the basic unit is the cell... 2. they reproduce... 3. all based…
What is biology?
The study of all living things.
What are living things called?
organisms
Force and Energy Chapter 2
Force
Newton
Net Force
Friction
A push or a pull exerted on an object
The strength of a force measured in SI Units. It equals the f…
The combination of all the forces on an object. It determines…
the force that two surfaces exert on each other when they rub…
Force
A push or a pull exerted on an object
Newton
The strength of a force measured in SI Units. It equals the f…
32 terms
Chapter 2: Cell Processes & Energy
element
compound
carbohydrate
organic compounds
any material that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
two or more elements combined chemically
main source of energy for living things
contain carbon
element
any material that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
compound
two or more elements combined chemically
43 terms
Chapter 2: Matter, Forces, and Energy
Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
anything that occupies space and has mass
has a definite shape and volume
has a definite volume but takes the shape of its container
has neither a definite volume nor a definite shape
Matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
Solid
has a definite shape and volume
23 terms
Chapter 2 Energy
scientific method
hypothesis
theory
law
A series of steps followed to solve problems including collec…
A proposed answer to a question
A hypothetical explanation of a natural phenomenon.
A summary of many experimental results and observations; tell…
scientific method
A series of steps followed to solve problems including collec…
hypothesis
A proposed answer to a question
17 terms
Chapter 2-energy
Energy
Work
Radiant energy
Kinetic energy
Capacity to do work or produce heat
Capacity to move an object over a distance against a resistin…
The type of energy that sunlight is
Type of energy carried by objects in motion (mechanical, ther…
Energy
Capacity to do work or produce heat
Work
Capacity to move an object over a distance against a resistin…
15 terms
Chapter 2 Energy
Energy
work
kinetic energy
Power
The ability to do work or cause change
transfer of energy: work = force x distance
energy an object has due to its motion (KE)
rate at which energy is transferred.... P=energy transferred/time
Energy
The ability to do work or cause change
work
transfer of energy: work = force x distance
13 terms
Chapter 2 Energy and Energy Transformation
electric energy
energy
kinetic energy
mechanical energy
energy an electric current carries
ability to cause change
energy due to motion
sum of potential energy and kinetic energy in a system of obj…
electric energy
energy an electric current carries
energy
ability to cause change
24 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 2, "Life, Chemistry, and Energy" Vocabulary
Amphipathic
Anabolic Reactions
Carbohydrates
Catabolic Reactions
(of a molecule) Having both hydrophobic and hydrophillic areas.
A synthetic reaction where simple molecules combine to create…
Organic compounds that contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen i…
A synthetic reaction where complex molecules break down to cr…
Amphipathic
(of a molecule) Having both hydrophobic and hydrophillic areas.
Anabolic Reactions
A synthetic reaction where simple molecules combine to create…
11 terms
Chapter 2 Matter and Energy
Photosynthesis
cellular respiration
evaporation
condensation
a series of chemical reactions that convert light energy, wat…
a series of chemical reactions that convert the energy in foo…
the process during which liquid water changes into a gas call…
the process during which water vapor changes into liquid water
Photosynthesis
a series of chemical reactions that convert light energy, wat…
cellular respiration
a series of chemical reactions that convert the energy in foo…
56 terms
Chapter 2 Energy
Energy
Work
Potential Energy
Chemical Energy
The capacity to do work, to move matter, to make things happen.
To change the internal energy of a system, energy must be add…
The energy that is stored in a system. ... It can be chemical en…
A form of potential energy.... It is the energy that holds compo…
Energy
The capacity to do work, to move matter, to make things happen.
Work
To change the internal energy of a system, energy must be add…
41 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Element
Basic unit of matter.
The center of an atom which contains protons and neutrons.
Negatively charged particle, located outside the atomic nucle…
Substance consisting entirely of one type of atom.
Atom
Basic unit of matter.
Nucleus
The center of an atom which contains protons and neutrons.
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