Study sets matching "biology chapter 2"

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Study sets matching "biology chapter 2"

41 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Element
Basic unit of matter.
The center of an atom which contains protons and neutrons.
Negatively charged particle, located outside the atomic nucle…
Substance consisting entirely of one type of atom.
Atom
Basic unit of matter.
Nucleus
The center of an atom which contains protons and neutrons.
Biology Chapter 2
Amino Acid
Carbohydrate
Chemical Bond
Chemical Reaction
Small molecule that is building block of proteins
Organic compound such as a sugar or starch
Force that holds molecules together
Process that changes some chemical substances into others
Amino Acid
Small molecule that is building block of proteins
Carbohydrate
Organic compound such as a sugar or starch
38 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Cohesion
Adhesion
Atom
Element
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
The smallest basic unit of matter
Substance made of only one type of atom that can not be broke…
Cohesion
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
Adhesion
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
21 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Amino Acid
Carbohydrate
Chemical Bond
Chemical Reaction
Small molecule that is building block of proteins
Organic compound such as a sugar or starch
Force that holds molecules together
Process that changes some chemical substances into others
Amino Acid
Small molecule that is building block of proteins
Carbohydrate
Organic compound such as a sugar or starch
Biology - Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Kingdom
Biology
Taxonomy
Property
One of the five groups into which living things are classified.
The study of living things.
The science of classifying organisms based on the features th…
A quality that describes an object.
Kingdom
One of the five groups into which living things are classified.
Biology
The study of living things.
61 terms
Campbell Biology- Chapter 2
Atom
Proton
Neutron
Electron
The basic unit of an element that retains the properties of t…
Positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus of…
A neutrally charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus o…
A negatively charged subatomic particle found orbiting the nu…
Atom
The basic unit of an element that retains the properties of t…
Proton
Positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus of…
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Atom
Cohesion
Element
Adhesion
Is the smallest unit of matter that cannot be broken down by…
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
An attraction between molecules of different substances
Atom
Is the smallest unit of matter that cannot be broken down by…
Cohesion
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
56 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 2
Emergent Properties
Systems Biology
Hierarchy of Biological Organization
Matter
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
The attempt to model biological systems based on studying how…
Biosphere ➟ Ecosystem ➟ Community ➟ Population ➟ Organism ➟ O…
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Emergent Properties
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
Systems Biology
The attempt to model biological systems based on studying how…
28 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Vocab
diffusion
osmosis
passive transport
active transport
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
the movement of water through a semipermeable membrane
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
the movement of substances across a cell membrane that requir…
diffusion
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
osmosis
the movement of water through a semipermeable membrane
26 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Cohesion
Adhesion
Atom
Element
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
The smallest basic unit of matter
Substance made of only one type of atom that can not be broke…
Cohesion
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
Adhesion
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
16 terms
Biology Chapter 2.3
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
mono-sac-charide
single units - atoms or molecules - that bind together to mak…
a large unit of monomers, linked together like the beads on a…
compounds made up of Carbon, Hydrogen and Oxygen, usually in…
3 kinds of single sugar molecules:... glucose... galactose (milk)... f…
monomer
single units - atoms or molecules - that bind together to mak…
polymer
a large unit of monomers, linked together like the beads on a…
35 terms
Chapter 2 Biology
atom
element
compound
ion
Basic unit of matter
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
A charged atom
atom
Basic unit of matter
element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
37 terms
Biology Chapter 2
atoms
proton
neutron
electron
the building blocks of matter
positivly charged part of an atom in the nucleus
part of atom with no charge in the nucleus
negatively charged particle of an atom that orbits around the…
atoms
the building blocks of matter
proton
positivly charged part of an atom in the nucleus
39 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Atom
Compound
Covalent Bond
Electron
smallest basic unit of matter
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
chemical bond formed when two atoms share one or more pairs o…
its negative charge in the atom
Atom
smallest basic unit of matter
Compound
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
20 terms
Biology Chapter 2 (2016)
CELLS
The Scientific Method
Levels of Organization
mitochondria
Basic units of life
A logical, systematic approach to the solution of a scientifi…
atom - molecule - macro-molecule - organelle - cell - tissue…
Where ATP (energy) for the cell is made. Analogy = power comp…
CELLS
Basic units of life
The Scientific Method
A logical, systematic approach to the solution of a scientifi…
81 terms
Biology Chapter 2- all
atom
subatomic particles
protons
neutrons
the basic unit of matter
protons, neutrons, and electrons
positively charged particles in the nucleus
particles with no charge in the nucleus
atom
the basic unit of matter
subatomic particles
protons, neutrons, and electrons
13 terms
BIOLOGY CHAPTER 2
organism
energy
stimulus
offspring
A living thing
Ability to do work
A signal to which an organism responds
Product of reproduction, a new organism produced by one or mo…
organism
A living thing
energy
Ability to do work
Biology Chapter 2
Cohesion
Adhesion
Atom
Element
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
The smallest basic unit of matter
Substance made of only one type of atom that can not be broke…
Cohesion
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
Adhesion
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
42 terms
Biology Chapter 2
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
Small chemical unit that makes up a polymer
Molecules composed of many monomers; make up macromolecules
Compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; type…
Simple sugar molecule
monomer
Small chemical unit that makes up a polymer
polymer
Molecules composed of many monomers; make up macromolecules
20 terms
Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
Basic unit of matter
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
atom
Basic unit of matter
nucleus
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
101 terms
Biology 101 chapter 2
Matter
Elements
Elements That Make up 95% of Organisms
Atom
Anything that takes up space and has mass
All matter, living or nonliving, is made up of this, substanc…
C Carbon... H Hydrogen... N Nitrogen... O Oxygen... P Phosphorus... S Sulfur
The smallest part of an element that displays the properties…
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Elements
All matter, living or nonliving, is made up of this, substanc…
40 terms
Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron(s)
element
the basic unit of matter
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located in the space surrounding…
pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
atom
the basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutron…
107 terms
General Biology Chapter 2
What are atoms and elements?
What are elements?
What is the difference between atoms a…
Which elements are most abundant in o…
a bit of matter that cannot be subdivided any further without…
a substance that cannot be broken down chemically into any ot…
an element will stay an element until the tiny pieces can no…
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen and they make up more than…
What are atoms and elements?
a bit of matter that cannot be subdivided any further without…
What are elements?
a substance that cannot be broken down chemically into any ot…
17 terms
Biology Chapter 2-3
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
A small unit that can join together with other small units to…
Any large compound that is made of a combination of monomers
a compound made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms; majo…
A single sugar molecule
monomer
A small unit that can join together with other small units to…
polymer
Any large compound that is made of a combination of monomers
43 terms
Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
isotope
basic unit of matter
strong bonds form protons and nuetrons to form the nucleus at…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
strong bonds form protons and nuetrons to form the nucleus at…
45 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Cohesion
Adhesion
Atom
Element
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
The smallest basic unit of matter
Substance made of only one type of atom that can not be broke…
Cohesion
The property of water that allows the molecule to stick to ot…
Adhesion
The sticking together of particles of different substances.
56 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 2
Emergent Properties
Systems Biology
Hierarchy of Biological Organization
Matter
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
The attempt to model biological systems based on studying how…
Biosphere ➟ Ecosystem ➟ Community ➟ Population ➟ Organism ➟ O…
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Emergent Properties
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
Systems Biology
The attempt to model biological systems based on studying how…
14 terms
Miller and Levine Biology Chapter 2.2
hydrogen bond
cohesion
adhesion
mixture
the attraction between a hydrogen atom with a partial positiv…
the attraction between molecules of the same substance
the force of attraction between different kinds of molecules
A combination of two or more substances that are not chemical…
hydrogen bond
the attraction between a hydrogen atom with a partial positiv…
cohesion
the attraction between molecules of the same substance
25 terms
Chapter 2 Biology
Adaptation
Cell
Cell Membrane
Cellular respiration
a trait that makes a living thing better able to survive
a basic unit of all living things
the cell part that gives the cell shape and holds the cytoplasm
the process by which food is broken down and energy is released
Adaptation
a trait that makes a living thing better able to survive
Cell
a basic unit of all living things
29 terms
biology chapter 2
ecology
biosphere
biotic factor
abiotic factor
is the scientific discipline in which the relationships among…
is the portion of earth that supports life
the living factors in an organism's environment
the non-living in an organisms environment
ecology
is the scientific discipline in which the relationships among…
biosphere
is the portion of earth that supports life
52 terms
Biology Chapter 2 flashcards
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
lipid
each subunit in the complete molecule
a large molecule that contains many monomers bonded together
molecules composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and they incl…
nonpolar molecules that include fats, oils, and cholesterol.
monomer
each subunit in the complete molecule
polymer
a large molecule that contains many monomers bonded together
Modern Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Mass
Element
Atom
matter Anything that has mass and takes up space.
mass A measure of the amount of matter in an object
element A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
atom (physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an ele…
Matter
matter Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Mass
mass A measure of the amount of matter in an object
10 terms
Biology Chapter 2
herbivore
carnivore
omnivore
food web
This type feeds only on plants.
This type feeds only on meat.
This type feeds on a variety of foods including both plant an…
A model that shows all of the possible feeding relationships…
herbivore
This type feeds only on plants.
carnivore
This type feeds only on meat.
10 terms
Biology chapter 2-2
Life depends on what?
cohesion
hydrogen bond
adhesion
hydrogen bonds in water
the attraction among molecules of a substance
attraction between a slightly positive hydrogen atom and a sl…
the attraction among molecules of different substances
Life depends on what?
hydrogen bonds in water
cohesion
the attraction among molecules of a substance
54 terms
Biology: Chapter 2 The Chemistry of Life
Electron
Substrate
pH scale
Nucleotide
Negatively charged particle, located outside the atomic nucle…
Reactant of an enzyme-catalyzed reaction.
Measurement system used to indicate the concentration of hydr…
Monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar
Electron
Negatively charged particle, located outside the atomic nucle…
Substrate
Reactant of an enzyme-catalyzed reaction.
30 terms
Biology Chapter 2
ecology
biosphere
biotic factor
abiotic factor
scientific discipline in which the relationships among living…
portion of Earth that supports life
LIVING factors in an organism's environment
NON-LIVING factors in an organism's environment
ecology
scientific discipline in which the relationships among living…
biosphere
portion of Earth that supports life
Biology: Chapter 2 - Chemistry of Life
atom
element
compound
ion
smallest basic unit of matter.
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons.
atom
smallest basic unit of matter.
element
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
13 terms
Biology Chapter 2: Macromolecules
Macromolecules
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Proteins
A large molecule made up from smaller building blocks or subu…
Molecules that contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. They are…
Are made primarily from atoms of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen…
The chief building blocks of all life. They make up skin and…
Macromolecules
A large molecule made up from smaller building blocks or subu…
Carbohydrates
Molecules that contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. They are…
46 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Mass
Element
atom
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
the smallest component of an element having the same chemical…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Mass
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
32 terms
Biology Chapter 2
atom
element
compound
ion
smallest basic unit of matter.
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons.
atom
smallest basic unit of matter.
element
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
57 terms
Biology Chapter 2
exergonic reaction
periodic table
a periodic table
enzymes
the net release of free energy.
elements are arranged by their atomic number on the __________.
what is this?
_______ are an important class of catalyst in living organisms.
exergonic reaction
the net release of free energy.
periodic table
elements are arranged by their atomic number on the __________.
Chapter 2-Biology
electron
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
electron
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
monomer
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
34 terms
Chapter 2 Biology
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
lipid
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
A large molecule consisting of many repeating chemical units…
Broken down to simple sugars... Are a group of compounds made of…
Fats... Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and w…
monomer
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
polymer
A large molecule consisting of many repeating chemical units…
Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
proton
neutron
the basic unit of matter
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
positively charged sub atomic particle that is found in the n…
sub atomic particle found in the nucleus of an atom that has…
atom
the basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
39 terms
Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
the basic unit of matter
the center of an atom, which contains protons and neutrons
negatively charged particle, located in the space surrounding…
pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
atom
the basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of an atom, which contains protons and neutrons
27 terms
Chapter 2.3 biology
Carbon atoms
Carbon
Carbon
Monomers
Have unique bonding properties
Forms covalent bonds with up to four other atoms
Molecules that have three structures ... A.straight chain ... B.bra…
Each submit in the complete molecule
Carbon atoms
Have unique bonding properties
Carbon
Forms covalent bonds with up to four other atoms
Modern Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Mass
Element
Atom
matter Anything that has mass and takes up space.
mass A measure of the amount of matter in an object
element A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
atom (physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an ele…
Matter
matter Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Mass
mass A measure of the amount of matter in an object
Biology Chapter 2: Chemistry of Life
Atom
Element
Compound
Ion
Make up elements. Very small, has protons, neutrons, and elec…
A substance made up of only one type of atom that cannot be b…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
An atom that has gained or lost an electron
Atom
Make up elements. Very small, has protons, neutrons, and elec…
Element
A substance made up of only one type of atom that cannot be b…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 2
property
organism
kingdom
biology
a quality that describes an object
a complete, individual living thing
one of the five groups in which living things are classified
the study of living things
property
a quality that describes an object
organism
a complete, individual living thing
61 terms
Campbell Biology- Chapter 2
Atom
Proton
Neutron
Electron
The basic unit of an element that retains the properties of t…
Positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus of…
A neutrally charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus o…
A negatively charged subatomic particle found orbiting the nu…
Atom
The basic unit of an element that retains the properties of t…
Proton
Positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus of…
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