Study sets matching "biology chapter 2"

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Study sets matching "biology chapter 2"

58 terms
Biology Chapter 2
atom
molecule
proton
electron
smallest unit of matter
two or more atoms bonded together
positive charge
negative charge
atom
smallest unit of matter
molecule
two or more atoms bonded together
30 terms
Glencoe Biology - Chapter 2: Principles of Ecology
abiotic factor
autotroph
biogeochemical cycle
biological community
any nonliving factor in an organism's environment.
organism that captures energy from sunlight or inorganic subs…
exchange of matter through the biosphere; chemical and geolog…
all the interacting populations in the same geographic locati…
abiotic factor
any nonliving factor in an organism's environment.
autotroph
organism that captures energy from sunlight or inorganic subs…
Biology Chapter 2
atom
element
compound
ion
smallest basic unit of matter
one type of atom, cannot be broken down
a substance made of atoms of different elements bonded togeth…
an atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons
atom
smallest basic unit of matter
element
one type of atom, cannot be broken down
45 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Protons And Neutrons
Electrons
Isotope
Radioactive Isotopes
In the nucleus of an atom.... -Proton has positive charge.... -Neut…
Surround the nucleus in a cloud. Has a negative charge.
An atom of the same element that differs in the number of neu…
Their nuclei are unstable, and break down over time. Used for…
Protons And Neutrons
In the nucleus of an atom.... -Proton has positive charge.... -Neut…
Electrons
Surround the nucleus in a cloud. Has a negative charge.
13 terms
Biology - Chapter 2
acid
adhesion
base
cohesion
any compound that forms H+ ions in solution.
attraction between molecules of different substances
a compound that produces hydroxide (OH-) in solution
attraction between molecules of the same substance
acid
any compound that forms H+ ions in solution.
adhesion
attraction between molecules of different substances
Biology Chapter 2
Carbohydrates function
Proteins function
Lipids function
Lipids
Energy
supply us with amino acids. cellular components.
store energy
fats
Carbohydrates function
Energy
Proteins function
supply us with amino acids. cellular components.
56 terms
Biology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
energy
kinetic energy
the study of the composition and properties of matter and the…
anything that occupies space and has mass; three states: soli…
the ability to do work
energy in motion
chemistry
the study of the composition and properties of matter and the…
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass; three states: soli…
68 terms
Biology Chapter 2
The atoms found in water
The charge on the Oxygen side of a H2O…
The most abundant compound in living t…
The universal solvent
2 Hydrogen and 1 Oxygen
Slightly Negative
Water
Water
The atoms found in water
2 Hydrogen and 1 Oxygen
The charge on the Oxygen side of a H2O…
Slightly Negative
25 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
the basic unit of matter
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
a negatively charged particle; located in the space surroundi…
a pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
atom
the basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
70 terms
biology chapter 2
atomic number
charge
electron
element
number of protons in the atomic nucleus; determines the element
electrical property;opposite charges attract, and like charge…
negatively charged subatomic particle
a pure substance that consists only of atoms with the same nu…
atomic number
number of protons in the atomic nucleus; determines the element
charge
electrical property;opposite charges attract, and like charge…
45 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Macromolecules
Monomers
Polymer
Enzymes
four main classes of large biological molecules (carbohydrate…
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions
Macromolecules
four main classes of large biological molecules (carbohydrate…
Monomers
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
10 terms
Biology Chapter 2
The parts of an atom
Element
Isotopes
covalent bond
proton, neutrons, electrons, nucleus
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
A chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
The parts of an atom
proton, neutrons, electrons, nucleus
Element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Chapter 2 Biology Vocabulary
Atom
Nucleus
Protons
Electrons
The basic structural unit of an element
Small, dense positively charged region in the center of an atom
Positively charged particles
Negatively charged particles
Atom
The basic structural unit of an element
Nucleus
Small, dense positively charged region in the center of an atom
38 terms
Biology Chapter 2
ATP
enzymes
catalysts
active site
nucleotide that donates energy through the transfer of a phos…
proteins that are catalysts (lowers activation energy to make…
chemicals that lower activation energies
area of an enzyme's tertiary structure that decides the kind…
ATP
nucleotide that donates energy through the transfer of a phos…
enzymes
proteins that are catalysts (lowers activation energy to make…
57 terms
Biology - Chapter 2
substrate
carbohydrate
lipids
nucleotides
a substance on which an enzyme acts during a chemical reaction
an organic compound with a ratio of one carbon atom to two hy…
an organic compound that is not soluble in water
subunits of RNA and DNA
substrate
a substance on which an enzyme acts during a chemical reaction
carbohydrate
an organic compound with a ratio of one carbon atom to two hy…
Biology Chapter 2: Chemistry
Element
Compound
Atoms
Molecules
pure matter that can not be broken down into a simpler subtance
Elements that are combined
basic particles that make up an element
basic particles that make up compounds
Element
pure matter that can not be broken down into a simpler subtance
Compound
Elements that are combined
45 terms
Chapter 2 Biology
Root system
Shoot system
Organs within the root and shoot systems
epidermal
below ground
above ground
root... stems ... leaves ... flowers
protects and covers, has cuticle layer
Root system
below ground
Shoot system
above ground
31 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Cell
macromolecules
elements
compounds
a basic unit of living matter separated from its environment…
a giant molecule in a living organism: a protein, polysacchar…
a substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
a substance containing two or more elements in a fixed ratio;…
Cell
a basic unit of living matter separated from its environment…
macromolecules
a giant molecule in a living organism: a protein, polysacchar…
44 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Vocab
Matter
Element
Compound
Trace element
Anything that takes up space and has mass.
Any substance that cannot be broken down to any other substan…
A substance consisting of two or more different elements comb…
An element indispensable for life but required in extremely m…
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass.
Element
Any substance that cannot be broken down to any other substan…
89 terms
Biology Chapter 2
acid
adhesion
amino acids
atomic mass
Has more hydrogen ions
water to other surface
All proteins are made out of 20 amino acids... Smallest chain 1,…
The average of all the isotopes
acid
Has more hydrogen ions
adhesion
water to other surface
73 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Element
Atom
Neutron
Anything that occupies space and has mass.
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
The smallest unit of an element that can exist alone or in co…
A non-charged particle in the atom's nucleus.
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass.
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
35 terms
Chapter 2 Biology
atom
element
compound
ion
Basic unit of matter
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
A charged atom
atom
Basic unit of matter
element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Biology Chapter 2
Subatomic particles
atomic number
covalent bond
double bond
neutrons, protons, and electrons
number of protons/electrons
atoms share a pair of electrons
atoms share two pairs of electrons
Subatomic particles
neutrons, protons, and electrons
atomic number
number of protons/electrons
43 terms
Biology Chapter 2
About 98% of the mass of every living…
Strength of bonds in order from strong…
Cohesion
Adhesion
1.) Carbon 4.) Phosphorus ... 2.) Oxygen 5.) Nitrogen... 3.) Hydrog…
Ionic>covalent>H-bond> dipole-dipole> van der Waals
The capacity of water molecules to resist coming apart from o…
Binding of one substance or structure to another, as in a cel…
About 98% of the mass of every living…
1.) Carbon 4.) Phosphorus ... 2.) Oxygen 5.) Nitrogen... 3.) Hydrog…
Strength of bonds in order from strong…
Ionic>covalent>H-bond> dipole-dipole> van der Waals
61 terms
Biology I EOC Review: Chapter 2: Chemistry of Life
atom
element
compound
ion
Basic unit of matter
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
An atom or group of atoms that has a positive or negative cha…
atom
Basic unit of matter
element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
18 terms
biology chapter 2 vocabulary
matter
mass
element
atom
anything that has mass and takes up space
a measure of the amount of matter in an object a fundamental…
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
he smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical pr…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
mass
a measure of the amount of matter in an object a fundamental…
15 terms
Biology - Chapter 2
Matter
Element
# of naturally occurring elements:
Most common elements in human body
Has mass/ takes up space... - all atoms are in constant movement…
Same atom; cannot be broken down into other things by chemica…
#s 1-92 (#s 93-106 are human made)
CHON - 96% of living matter
Matter
Has mass/ takes up space... - all atoms are in constant movement…
Element
Same atom; cannot be broken down into other things by chemica…
41 terms
Biology-Chapter 2
atom
proton
neutron
electron
Smallest and most fundamental unit of matter... Molecules are ma…
Positively charged particle that resides in the nucleus of an…
Uncharged particle that resides in the nucleus of an atom; ha…
Negatively charged subatomic particle that resides outside of…
atom
Smallest and most fundamental unit of matter... Molecules are ma…
proton
Positively charged particle that resides in the nucleus of an…
Chapter 2 Vocabulary - Biology
hydrogen bond
cohesion
adhesion
mixture
the attraction between a hydrogen atom with a partial positiv…
an attraction between molecules of the same substance. Water…
an attraction between molecules of different substances; it c…
a material composed of two or more elements or compounds that…
hydrogen bond
the attraction between a hydrogen atom with a partial positiv…
cohesion
an attraction between molecules of the same substance. Water…
24 terms
Biology- Chapter 2
Matter
Element
Trace Element
Compound
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Cannot be broken down any further.
are essential but are only needed in small amounts
a substance consisting of two or more atoms in fixed ratios.…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Element
Cannot be broken down any further.
Biology Chapter 2
monomers
polymers
dehydration synthesis reaction
hydrolysis reactions as it pertains to…
molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to f…
macromolecule formed when monomers join together
monomers combine with each other through covalent bonds to fo…
a bond in an organic molecule is broken and O-H bond in a wat…
monomers
molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to f…
polymers
macromolecule formed when monomers join together
biology chapter 2
what three subatomic particles make up…
what is the basic unit of matter?
which two subatomic particles have the…
element
protons, neutrons, electrons
the atom
protons and neutrons
a pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
what three subatomic particles make up…
protons, neutrons, electrons
what is the basic unit of matter?
the atom
11 terms
Biology Chapter 2
characteristic
different
physical
athletic
something that helps to indetify, tell apart, or describe one…
not the same
a trait - a genetically determined characteristic
very active and physically able
characteristic
something that helps to indetify, tell apart, or describe one…
different
not the same
Biology Chapter 2
Cell Cycle
Cyclin and Cyclin Dependent Kinase (CDK)
Cancer - Cell Cycle
Somatic Cells
Interphase... -G1: Growth of cell, creation of organelles used f…
Responsible for cell cycle... -Cyclins bind to CDKs, creating an…
-Damaged cells are allowed to undergo mitosis... -Ex. mutation i…
Where mitosis occurs; not involved in sexual reproduction
Cell Cycle
Interphase... -G1: Growth of cell, creation of organelles used f…
Cyclin and Cyclin Dependent Kinase (CDK)
Responsible for cell cycle... -Cyclins bind to CDKs, creating an…
60 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Elements
Compound
Essential Elements
Big four?
Substance that cannot be broken down into other substances by…
Substance which consists of two or more different elements co…
About 25% out of all the 92 elements are essential for an org…
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen. Makes up 96% of livin…
Elements
Substance that cannot be broken down into other substances by…
Compound
Substance which consists of two or more different elements co…
46 terms
biology chapter 2
matter
mass
element
atom
anything that occupies space and has a mass
the quantity of matter an object has
substances that cannot be broken down chemically into simpler…
simplest particle of an element that retains all of the prope…
matter
anything that occupies space and has a mass
mass
the quantity of matter an object has
18 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Organic Compounds
Isomers
Hydrocarbon
Functional group
A chemical compound containing the element carbon and usually…
Organic compounds with the same molecular formula but differe…
An organic compound composed only of the elements carbon and…
A specific configuration of atoms commonly attached to the ca…
Organic Compounds
A chemical compound containing the element carbon and usually…
Isomers
Organic compounds with the same molecular formula but differe…
Glencoe Biology Chapter 2
ecology
biosphere
biotic factors
abiotic factors
scientific study of interactions among organisms have with th…
the portion of Earth that supports life, extends from the atm…
the living factors in an organisms that inhabit an environment
the nonliving factors in an organism's environment; temperatu…
ecology
scientific study of interactions among organisms have with th…
biosphere
the portion of Earth that supports life, extends from the atm…
Chapter 2- AP Biology
ammonia
anion
atom
atomic mass
A small and very toxic nitrogenous waste produced by metabolism
A negatively charged ion
The smallest unit of matter that retains the properties of an…
total atomic mass, or mass in grams of one mole of an atom
ammonia
A small and very toxic nitrogenous waste produced by metabolism
anion
A negatively charged ion
Biology: Chapter 2 - Chemistry of Life
atom
element
compound
ion
smallest basic unit of matter.
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons.
atom
smallest basic unit of matter.
element
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Vocab
atom
nucleus
electron
element
Basic unit of matter
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
atom
Basic unit of matter
nucleus
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
34 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 2
atom
element
compound
molecule
the smallest unit of matter that cannot be broken down my che…
a pure substance made of only one kind of atom
a substance made of the joined atoms of two or more different…
a group of atoms held together by covalent bonds.
atom
the smallest unit of matter that cannot be broken down my che…
element
a pure substance made of only one kind of atom
72 terms
Biology chapter 2
Kibetic Energy
Potential energy
Elements
Atoms
Energy in action
Stored energy
Cannot be broken down by ordinary chemical means
Smallest unit of an element
Kibetic Energy
Energy in action
Potential energy
Stored energy
49 terms
Campbell Biology 10th ed. Chapter 2
Atom
Proton
Neutron
Electron
The basic unit of an element that retains the properties of t…
Positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus of…
A neutrally charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus o…
A negatively charged subatomic particle found orbiting the nu…
Atom
The basic unit of an element that retains the properties of t…
Proton
Positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus of…
42 terms
Biology Chapter 2
acid
amino acid
atom
atomic weight
An organic molecule that releases a proton when dissolved in…
Organic molecule containing both an amino group and a carboxy…
The smallest particle of an element that still retains its di…
Mass of an atom expressed in daltons.
acid
An organic molecule that releases a proton when dissolved in…
amino acid
Organic molecule containing both an amino group and a carboxy…
Biology Chapter 2 Review
Electron
Water expands when it freezes
Positive
Product
Found in the space surrounding nucleus of an atom
Why ice floats on water
Tye of ion formed when an atom loses an electron
When Hydrogen and Oxygen combine to form water, the water is…
Electron
Found in the space surrounding nucleus of an atom
Water expands when it freezes
Why ice floats on water
32 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Covalent Bond
Molecule
Atom
Element
Forms when atoms share electrons
What is made when two or more atoms are joined by a covalent…
Smallest unit of matter
Substance made from one type of atom, can't be broken intro s…
Covalent Bond
Forms when atoms share electrons
Molecule
What is made when two or more atoms are joined by a covalent…
12 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Metabolic water
Biogeochemical cycle
Biotic
Abiotic
Water produced during cellular respiration
Is the routes that water and other nutrients take through the…
living
non living
Metabolic water
Water produced during cellular respiration
Biogeochemical cycle
Is the routes that water and other nutrients take through the…
9 terms
Biology Chapter 2.4
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
a process that changes one set of chemicals into another set…
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction…
the elements or compounds that you end up with. That is, this…
the energy that is needed to get a chemical reaction started.
chemical reaction
a process that changes one set of chemicals into another set…
reactant
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction…
14 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Found in organisms
Atomic Mass
Atomic Number
anything occupying space that has mass.
Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Phosphorus and Sulfur
Sum of the protons and neutrons in a nucleus, 1+1 AMU ea, E = 0
Number of Protons in an element and electrons 36=36/36
Matter
anything occupying space that has mass.
Found in organisms
Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Phosphorus and Sulfur
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