Study sets matching "biology chapter 2"

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Study sets matching "biology chapter 2"

63 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Three basic leaf shapes
Beside their shape, how do leaves differ
Describe opposite leaf arrangements
Describe alternate leaf arrangements
broad and flat, long and narrow, needle-like
texture and thickness
at right angles
one leaf from each node
Three basic leaf shapes
broad and flat, long and narrow, needle-like
Beside their shape, how do leaves differ
texture and thickness
42 terms
Ap Biology Chapter 2
Biology
Element
Compound
C.O.H.N
A multidisciplinary science
A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
a substance consisting of 2 or more elements in a fixed ratio
Carbon, Oxygen, Hydrogen, and Nitrogen make up 96% of living…
Biology
A multidisciplinary science
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
Biology Chapter 2
Ecology
Biosphere
Biotic Factor
Abiotic Factor
Study of the relationships between organisms, and between org…
the part of the earth where life can exist
living factors in an environment
Nonliving factors in an environment
Ecology
Study of the relationships between organisms, and between org…
Biosphere
the part of the earth where life can exist
39 terms
Biology - Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
the basic unit of matter
the center of an atom that contains the protons and neutrons;…
negatively charged particle; located in the space surrounding…
pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
atom
the basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of an atom that contains the protons and neutrons;…
48 terms
General Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Element
Element
Compound
Anything that has weight (mass) and takes up space (volume)
Chemical substances that are made up of collections of only o…
A kind of matter that consists of a specific number of atoms…
Matter
Anything that has weight (mass) and takes up space (volume)
Element
Chemical substances that are made up of collections of only o…
Biology, Chapter 2.3, Cycling of Matter
matter
nutrient
biogeochemical cycle
nitrogen fixation
anything that takes up space and has mass
a chemical substance that an organism must obtain from its en…
the exchange of matter through the biospere
the process of capture and conversion of nitrogen into a form…
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
nutrient
a chemical substance that an organism must obtain from its en…
39 terms
Biology 161 Chapter 2
Matter
Element
Compound
Atom
composes organisms, anything that takes up space and has mass
a substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
a substance consisting of two or more elements in a fixed ratio
smallest unit of matter that still retains the properties of…
Matter
composes organisms, anything that takes up space and has mass
Element
a substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
Biology -Chapter 2 review
ecology
what are the levels of organization
habitat
example of habitat
scientific discipline in which the relationships among living…
organismm, population,biological community, ecosystem, biome,…
where an organism lives ex. savana, rainforest
giraffe lies in Savana, anteater lives in jungles
ecology
scientific discipline in which the relationships among living…
what are the levels of organization
organismm, population,biological community, ecosystem, biome,…
Chapter 2 Biology
compound microscope
microscope
microscopist
cell theory
optical microscopes with a series of lenses has uses in many…
an instrument used to view objects that are too small to be s…
a scientist who specializes in research with the use of micro…
the collective observations of scientists which states all or…
compound microscope
optical microscopes with a series of lenses has uses in many…
microscope
an instrument used to view objects that are too small to be s…
71 terms
Ap Biology chapter 2
Matter
Element
Compound
Essential elements
Anything that takes up space and has mass
A substance that cannot be broken down to another substance b…
A substance made of two or more DIFFERENT elements combined i…
Elements that an organism requires for survival
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down to another substance b…
37 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Review
atom
nucleus
energy levels
isotope
the most basic unit of an element
composed of protons (p+) and neutrons
electron (e-) move very quickly and unpredictably outside of…
atoms with the same number of protons, but a different number…
atom
the most basic unit of an element
nucleus
composed of protons (p+) and neutrons
24 terms
Biology Chapter 2
atom
element
compound
ion
smallest basic unit of matter
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
substances made of atoms of different elements that are bonde…
atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons
atom
smallest basic unit of matter
element
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
Biology: Chapter 2
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
Small chemical unit that makes up a polymer
Molecules composed of many monomers; make up macromolecules
Compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; type…
Simple sugar molecule
monomer
Small chemical unit that makes up a polymer
polymer
Molecules composed of many monomers; make up macromolecules
56 terms
Chapter 2 {Campbell Biology}
Emergent Properties
Systems Biology
Hierarchy of Biological Organization
Matter
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
The attempt to model biological systems based on studying how…
Biosphere ➟ Ecosystem ➟ Community ➟ Population ➟ Organism ➟ O…
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Emergent Properties
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
Systems Biology
The attempt to model biological systems based on studying how…
40 terms
Chapter 2 Earth School Biology
Matter
Atoms
Nucleus
Electron
Everything that occupies space and has mass
simplest particle of an element
Composed of protons and neutrons
Negative particle that floats around the atom
Matter
Everything that occupies space and has mass
Atoms
simplest particle of an element
Biology Chapter 2
protons
neutrons
electron
charge
positively charged (atom's nucleus)
uncharged (atom's nucleus)
negatively charged, move around nucleus
electrical property... opposite charges attract... like charged ret…
protons
positively charged (atom's nucleus)
neutrons
uncharged (atom's nucleus)
34 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 2
catalyst
enzyme
substrate
endothermic
A substance that decreases the activation energy needed to st…
Catalysts for chemical reactions in living organisms.
The specific reactants that an enzyme can act on.
A chemical reaction that absorbs more energy than it releases.
catalyst
A substance that decreases the activation energy needed to st…
enzyme
Catalysts for chemical reactions in living organisms.
15 terms
Chapter 2.5 Biology
Catalyst
Denature
Catalyst
Enzymes
Decreases activation energy needed for a reaction to start
1. when an enzyme has it's H bonds broken due to high tempera…
A substance that speeds up a chemical reaction
Biological catalyst... speeds up reactions in living things.
Catalyst
Decreases activation energy needed for a reaction to start
Denature
1. when an enzyme has it's H bonds broken due to high tempera…
79 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Element
Compound
Essential Elements
- Anything that takes up space and has mass ... - Composes organ…
- A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances…
- A substance consisting of two or more different elements co…
- Elements that an organism needs to live a healthy life and…
Matter
- Anything that takes up space and has mass ... - Composes organ…
Element
- A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances…
24 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Subatomic structures of an atom
Names/Symbols of Elements
4 elements that make up 96% of human b…
atomic number
1) nucleus (+)... 2) proton (mass 1, + charge)... 3) neutron (mass…
C carbon ... H hydrogen... O oxygen... N nitrogen... P phosphorus... S sulfu…
C carbon... H hydrogen... O oxygen... N nitrogen
determines the type of element ... proton # = electron #
Subatomic structures of an atom
1) nucleus (+)... 2) proton (mass 1, + charge)... 3) neutron (mass…
Names/Symbols of Elements
C carbon ... H hydrogen... O oxygen... N nitrogen... P phosphorus... S sulfu…
94 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Matter (def)
Element (def)
How many elements are there?
Which element has a symbol of "o"?
Anything that occupies space and has mass. (ex. rocks, water,…
A substance that cannot be broken down into other substances…
92
Oxygen
Matter (def)
Anything that occupies space and has mass. (ex. rocks, water,…
Element (def)
A substance that cannot be broken down into other substances…
50 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Chemistry of Life
Atom
Element
Protons, Neutrons, and Electrons
Protons
The smallest basic unit of life.
One particular type of atom, and it cannot be broken down int…
Atoms consist of three types of smaller particles which are...
Atoms of different elements differ in the number of _________…
Atom
The smallest basic unit of life.
Element
One particular type of atom, and it cannot be broken down int…
2016 WMS Biology Chapter 2
Organism
Species
Population
Community
an individual living thing that uses energy, reproduces, resp…
a group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
a group of individuals of the same species that live in the s…
all living, or biotic, things in an area
Organism
an individual living thing that uses energy, reproduces, resp…
Species
a group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
39 terms
Biology Chapter 2
proton
neutron
nucleus
electron
The positive particle in the nucleus of an atom.
The neutral particle in the nucleus of an atom.
The dense center of the atom containing protons and neutrons.
The negative particle in the electron cloud.
proton
The positive particle in the nucleus of an atom.
neutron
The neutral particle in the nucleus of an atom.
40 terms
Pearson Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
the basic unit of matter
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located in the space surrounding…
pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
atom
the basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutron…
Campbell Biology Chapter 2
Emergent Properties
Systems Biology
Hierarchy of Biological Organization
Matter
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
The attempt to model biological systems based on studying how…
Biosphere ➟ Ecosystem ➟ Community ➟ Population ➟ Organism ➟ O…
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Emergent Properties
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
Systems Biology
The attempt to model biological systems based on studying how…
Biology Chapter 2
The three subatomic particles of an at…
Ionic Bond
Covalent Bonds
Hydrogen bond
Protons- In the Nucleus... Neutrons- In the Nucleus... Electrons- O…
A chemical bond formed when one or more electrons are transfe…
The type of bond between atoms in which the electrons are sha…
Weak attraction between a hydrogen atom and another atom
The three subatomic particles of an at…
Protons- In the Nucleus... Neutrons- In the Nucleus... Electrons- O…
Ionic Bond
A chemical bond formed when one or more electrons are transfe…
22 terms
Biology Chapter 2
ecology
abiotic factor
biotic factor
population
Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
the non-living parts of an organism's habitat.
Any living part of the environment with which an organism mig…
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
ecology
Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
abiotic factor
the non-living parts of an organism's habitat.
Biology chapter 2 vocablary
monomer
carbohydrate
nucleic acid
nucleotide
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen,and oxygen atoms; major…
Macromolecules containing hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon,…
the monomers that nucleic acid is formed from; consist of 3 p…
monomer
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
carbohydrate
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen,and oxygen atoms; major…
Honors Biology Chapter 2
acids
bases
pH scale
macromolecules
acids have more hydrogen ions than pure water... -pH value BELOW 7
bases have less hydrogen ions than pure water... -pH value ABOVE 7
indicates the concentration of HYDROGEN IONS in a solution... -r…
very large molecules made up of smaller ones
acids
acids have more hydrogen ions than pure water... -pH value BELOW 7
bases
bases have less hydrogen ions than pure water... -pH value ABOVE 7
Biology Chapter 2
Observation
Data
Quantitative
Qualitative
the use of senses to gather and record info about structures…
recorded observations
observations recorded as measurments
observations recorded as descriptions
Observation
the use of senses to gather and record info about structures…
Data
recorded observations
Modern Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Mass
Element
atom
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
the smallest component of an element having the same chemical…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Mass
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
40 terms
Biology 161 Chapter 2
Matter
Element
Compound
Atom
composes organisms, anything that takes up space and has mass
Purest form of matter containing only one kind of atom and ca…
a substance consisting of two or more elements in a fixed ratio
smallest unit of matter that still retains the properties of…
Matter
composes organisms, anything that takes up space and has mass
Element
Purest form of matter containing only one kind of atom and ca…
29 terms
Biology Dorsey Chapter 2
Carbon 12
Covalent chemical bond
Storage of Sugar
Enzymes
The most common natural carbon isotope, of mass 12.
Outer-shell electrons of two atoms are shared
Animals store extra sugar as glycogen. ... Plants stores it as s…
Speed up reactions by lowering activation energy.
Carbon 12
The most common natural carbon isotope, of mass 12.
Covalent chemical bond
Outer-shell electrons of two atoms are shared
12 terms
Chapter 2 Vocabulary Biology
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
strong forces bind protons and neutrons together to form the…
a negatively charged particle electrons are in constant motio…
a pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom;…
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
strong forces bind protons and neutrons together to form the…
Chapter 2 Biology
Chemical bond
Chemical reaction
Organic compounds
Compound
Force that holds molecules together through a chemical reaction
Process that changes some chemical substances into others
CARBON based molecules that are the basis of life (usually co…
Two or more molecules chemically combined
Chemical bond
Force that holds molecules together through a chemical reaction
Chemical reaction
Process that changes some chemical substances into others
44 terms
Biology: Chapter 2
atoms
3 types of particles
elements
compounds
smallest unit of matter that cannot be broken down further
protons (positive), neutrons (neutral), electrons (negative)
made of only one kind of atom and are pure substance
substance made of joining atoms of two or more different elem…
atoms
smallest unit of matter that cannot be broken down further
3 types of particles
protons (positive), neutrons (neutral), electrons (negative)
Biology Chapter 2.3
4 general classes of biological molecu…
macromolecules
carbon
life is "carbon based" so ____________…
carbohydrates (CHO), lipids, nucleic acids, proteins
giant molecules necessary for life; built from smaller organi…
(1) found in organic molecules; (2) contains 4 valence electr…
it builds a foundation for large macromolecules
4 general classes of biological molecu…
carbohydrates (CHO), lipids, nucleic acids, proteins
macromolecules
giant molecules necessary for life; built from smaller organi…
37 terms
Biology Concepts and Connections Chapter 2
Element
Compound
Proton
Electron
A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
A substance containing two or more elements in a fixed ratio.
A particle with a polite charge, found in the nucleus of an a…
A particle with a single negative electrical charge. One or m…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
Compound
A substance containing two or more elements in a fixed ratio.
12 terms
Biology - Chapter 2.2 - Properties of Water
hydrogen bond
cohesion
adhesion
mixture
A type of weak chemical bond formed when the slightly positiv…
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
An attraction between molecules of different substances
A combination of two or more substances that are not chemical…
hydrogen bond
A type of weak chemical bond formed when the slightly positiv…
cohesion
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
Biology chapter 2
Atom
Element
compound
ion
The smallest unit of matter that retains the properties of an…
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons.
Atom
The smallest unit of matter that retains the properties of an…
Element
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
51 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Darwin
Newton
Galileo
Copernicus
Father of evolution
Developed law of gravity
Studied astronomy
Studied planets and stars
Darwin
Father of evolution
Newton
Developed law of gravity
30 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary Principles of Ecology
ecology
biosphere
biotic factor
abiotic factor
scientific study of all the interrelationships between organi…
relatively thin layer of Earth and its atmosphere that suppor…
any living factor in an organism's environment.
any nonliving factor in an organism's environment, such as so…
ecology
scientific study of all the interrelationships between organi…
biosphere
relatively thin layer of Earth and its atmosphere that suppor…
89 terms
Grieb BJU Biology Chapter 2
Chemistry
Matter
Elements
Compound
The study of the composition and properties of matter and the…
Anything that occupies space and has mass. Three states: soli…
Pure substances that cannot be further broken down into simpl…
A substance made up of two or more elements. (e.g. H2O) Expre…
Chemistry
The study of the composition and properties of matter and the…
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass. Three states: soli…
14 terms
Biology Chapter 2.1 - Nature of Matter
atoms
sub-atomic
electron
nucleus
basic unit of matter
the smaller parts that make up an atom. They are the proton,…
a negatively charged particle in an atom. ... Atoms have an equa…
the protons and neutrons have a strong force that holds them…
atoms
basic unit of matter
sub-atomic
the smaller parts that make up an atom. They are the proton,…
19 terms
Chapter 2 Vocab - Biology
Observation
Data
Quantitive
Qualitive
Use of the senses to gather and records information about str…
Recorded observations or items of information.
Data based on recorded measurements.
Data based on description, not measurements.
Observation
Use of the senses to gather and records information about str…
Data
Recorded observations or items of information.
Modern Biology Chapter 2 - Chemistry of Life
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Element
An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter t…
The nucleus is the small, dense region consisting of protons…
The electron is a subatomic particle, symbol e− or β−, with a…
A chemical element (often just element when the chemical cont…
Atom
An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter t…
Nucleus
The nucleus is the small, dense region consisting of protons…
72 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 2
Covalent Bond
Ionic Bond
Nonpolar Covalent Bond
Polar Covalent Bond
Join atoms into molecules via electron sharing. It is the str…
Attraction between ions of opposite charge. i.e. NaCl
In molecules of only 1 element, the pull between them is equal.
Water has atoms with different electronegativities. Oxygen at…
Covalent Bond
Join atoms into molecules via electron sharing. It is the str…
Ionic Bond
Attraction between ions of opposite charge. i.e. NaCl
Modern Biology Chapter 2
acid
activation energy
adhesion
aqueous solution
any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
the minimum amount of energy required to start a chemical rea…
the attractive force between two bodies of different substanc…
a solution in which water is the solvent
acid
any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
activation energy
the minimum amount of energy required to start a chemical rea…
155 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 2
carbohydrate
lipid
protein
carbohydrate
Classify as a carbohydrate, protein, or lipid: Disaccharide
Classify as a carb, protein, or lipid: Long Term Energy Storage
Classify as a carb, protein, or lipid: Contains C, H, O, and N
Classify as a carb, protein, or lipid: Cellulose
carbohydrate
Classify as a carbohydrate, protein, or lipid: Disaccharide
lipid
Classify as a carb, protein, or lipid: Long Term Energy Storage
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