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Study sets matching "biology chapter 2"

39 terms
Chapter 2 Vocabulary Biology
atom
nucleus
electron
element
the basic unit of matter
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
a negatively charged particle; located in the space surroundi…
pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
atom
the basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
52 terms
Biology: Chapter 2
Element
Matter
Mass
Compound
Any of the more than 100 known substances (of which 92 occur…
that which has mass and occupies space
the property of a body that causes it to have weight in a gra…
A substance consisting of two or more different elements comb…
Element
Any of the more than 100 known substances (of which 92 occur…
Matter
that which has mass and occupies space
57 terms
Biology - Chapter 2
atoms
proton
neutron
electron
the building blocks of matter
positively charged part of an atom in the nucleus
part of atom with no charge in the nucleus
negatively charged particle of an atom that orbits around the…
atoms
the building blocks of matter
proton
positively charged part of an atom in the nucleus
36 terms
Chapter 2 Biology 2016
Adenosine diphosphate (ADP)
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Aerobe
Aerobic Cellular Respiration
a low energy compound composed of adenine, ribose and 2 phosp…
a high energy compound composed of adenine, ribose and 3 phos…
an organism that requires oxygen for respiration and can live…
Mitochondrial pathway of cellular respiration that occurs in…
Adenosine diphosphate (ADP)
a low energy compound composed of adenine, ribose and 2 phosp…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
a high energy compound composed of adenine, ribose and 3 phos…
43 terms
Biology Chapter 2
What is an element?
How many naturally occuring elements a…
What is a compound?
what are the four most important eleme…
Element is the smallest substance of matter. It can not be br…
There are 92 (up to Uranium). Everything afterwards is man ma…
Compounds are made up of 2 or more elements.
Carbon, Oxygen, Hydrogen and Nitrogen
What is an element?
Element is the smallest substance of matter. It can not be br…
How many naturally occuring elements a…
There are 92 (up to Uranium). Everything afterwards is man ma…
42 terms
Biology Chapter 2
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
Small chemical unit that makes up a polymer
Molecules composed of many monomers; make up macromolecules
Compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; type…
Simple sugar molecule
monomer
Small chemical unit that makes up a polymer
polymer
Molecules composed of many monomers; make up macromolecules
66 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Cell
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Cell theory
The smallest unit that can carry on all of the processes of l…
English scientist who in 1665 observed "little boxes" that we…
Dutch trader who was the first person to observe living cells
All living organisms are composed of at least one cell and ar…
Cell
The smallest unit that can carry on all of the processes of l…
Robert Hooke
English scientist who in 1665 observed "little boxes" that we…
43 terms
Biology Chapter 2
What is an element?
How many naturally occuring elements a…
What is a compound?
what are the four most important eleme…
Element is the smallest substance of matter. It can not be br…
There are 92 (up to Uranium). Everything afterwards is man ma…
Compounds are made up of 2 or more elements.
Carbon, Oxygen, Hydrogen and Nitrogen
What is an element?
Element is the smallest substance of matter. It can not be br…
How many naturally occuring elements a…
There are 92 (up to Uranium). Everything afterwards is man ma…
15 terms
Biology- The Chemistry of Life Chapter 2
nucleus
electron
neutron*
proton*
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
electron
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
40 terms
Pearson Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
the basic unit of matter
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particle; located in the space surrounding…
pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
atom
the basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutron…
28 terms
Chapter 2 Biology
Smallest basic unit of matter
Atoms gain or lose electrons
They form covalent bonds
High specific heat
Cells are the...
How do ions form?
How are atoms held together in molecules?
What property of water is the result of hydrogen bonds?
Smallest basic unit of matter
Cells are the...
Atoms gain or lose electrons
How do ions form?
Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
ionic bond
nucleotides
monosaccharides
substrate
formed when one or more electrons are transferred from one at…
organic molecules that serve as the monomers, or subunits, of…
any of the classes of sugars that can not be hydrolyzed to gi…
a molecule upon which an enzyme acts
ionic bond
formed when one or more electrons are transferred from one at…
nucleotides
organic molecules that serve as the monomers, or subunits, of…
71 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Hydroxyl
Aldehyde
Ketone
Carbonyl
Polar
Very reactive
Polar
Acidic
Hydroxyl
Polar
Aldehyde
Very reactive
35 terms
chapter 2 biology
1.atom
2.element
3.compound
4.ion
smallest basic unit of matter.
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons.
1.atom
smallest basic unit of matter.
2.element
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 2
monomers
polymers
carbohydrates
monosaccharides
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
molecules composed of many monomers; makes up macromolecules
Composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Main source of ener…
simple sugars
monomers
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
polymers
molecules composed of many monomers; makes up macromolecules
71 terms
Biology Chapter 2!
ose
ase
6 uses of proteins
what is in a plasma membrane
sugar
enzymes
hemoglobins, hormones, structures, lactose, enzymes, and move…
protein and phospholipids
ose
sugar
ase
enzymes
35 terms
biology chapter 2
atom
element
compound
ion
smallest basic unit of life
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
substance made of atoms of different elements that that are b…
Atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons
atom
smallest basic unit of life
element
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
67 terms
Biology: Chapter 2 Study Guide
polar
hydrogen bond
cohesion
adhesion
a molecule in which the charges are unevenly distributed
a weak bond between two molecules resulting from an electrost…
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
An attraction between molecules of different substances
polar
a molecule in which the charges are unevenly distributed
hydrogen bond
a weak bond between two molecules resulting from an electrost…
12 terms
Biology Chapter 2.4
Chemical reaction
Reactants
Products
Chemical reactions involve
is a process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemical…
elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
changes in the chemical bonds that join atoms in compounds
Chemical reaction
is a process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemical…
Reactants
elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
35 terms
Biology: Chapter 2 - Chemistry of Life
atom
element
compound
ion
smallest basic unit of matter.
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons.
atom
smallest basic unit of matter.
element
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
20 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Ecology
Biosphere
Biotic Factor
Abiotic Factor
Study of the relationships between organisms, and between org…
the part of the earth where life can exist
living factors in an environment
Nonliving factors in an environment
Ecology
Study of the relationships between organisms, and between org…
Biosphere
the part of the earth where life can exist
29 terms
Chapter 2 Biology
biosphere
biotic factors
abiotic factors
population
portion of the eath that supports life
living factors in an organism's environment
nonliving factors in an organism's environment
organisms of a single species that share the same geographic…
biosphere
portion of the eath that supports life
biotic factors
living factors in an organism's environment
30 terms
Biology -Chapter 2 review
ecology
what are the levels of organization
habitat
example of habitat
scientific discipline in which the relationships among living…
organismm, population,biological community, ecosystem, biome,…
where an organism lives ex. savana, rainforest
giraffe lies in Savana, anteater lives in jungles
ecology
scientific discipline in which the relationships among living…
what are the levels of organization
organismm, population,biological community, ecosystem, biome,…
35 terms
Biology chapter 2
Protons
Neutrons
Electrons
Atomic number
positively charged, located in the nucleus, subatomic particl…
neutral or no charge, subatomic particle, located in the nucl…
negatively charged atoms, subatomic particles, located outsid…
determines the amount of protons, located on top of the eleme…
Protons
positively charged, located in the nucleus, subatomic particl…
Neutrons
neutral or no charge, subatomic particle, located in the nucl…
32 terms
Biology H Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
the basic unit of matter
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutron…
negatively charged particles; located in the space surroundin…
pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
atom
the basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutron…
12 terms
Biology: Chapter 2 Vocab
Matter
Element
Trace Elements
Compounds
Anything that occupies space and mass
A substance that can't be broken down into other substances
An element that is essential for the survival of an organism…
A substance containing two or more elements in a fixed ratio
Matter
Anything that occupies space and mass
Element
A substance that can't be broken down into other substances
32 terms
Biology - Chapter 2
Adhesion
Cohesion
Capillarity
Why is water polar?
H2O attracted to other surfaces
H2O attracted to H2O
Fluids are moving against gravity through narrow tubes
-Because of its shape... -Has one positively charged side and on…
Adhesion
H2O attracted to other surfaces
Cohesion
H2O attracted to H2O
31 terms
Biology: Chapter 2
biotic
abiotic
population
community
LIVING factors in an organism's environment... ex. grasshoppers,…
NON-LIVING factors in an organism's environment... ex. temperatu…
SAME species that SHARE a location (how many?)... ex. school of…
a group of ALL KINDS of species living in the SAME area... ex. a…
biotic
LIVING factors in an organism's environment... ex. grasshoppers,…
abiotic
NON-LIVING factors in an organism's environment... ex. temperatu…
14 terms
Miller and Levine Biology Chapter 2.2
hydrogen bond
cohesion
adhesion
mixture
the attraction between a hydrogen atom with a partial positiv…
the attraction between molecules of the same substance
the force of attraction between different kinds of molecules
A combination of two or more substances that are not chemical…
hydrogen bond
the attraction between a hydrogen atom with a partial positiv…
cohesion
the attraction between molecules of the same substance
11 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 2 Vocab S2
Energy
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Product
The ability to do work
When one or more substances change to produce one or more dif…
A substance that takes part in and undergoes change during a…
A substance that is formed as the result of a chemical reaction
Energy
The ability to do work
Chemical Reaction
When one or more substances change to produce one or more dif…
54 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 2
atom
What do living things consist of ?
element
compounds
the smallest basic unit of matter
They consist of atoms and elements
one particular type of atom , that can not be broken down int…
an atom made of certain elements blended in a certain ratio
atom
the smallest basic unit of matter
What do living things consist of ?
They consist of atoms and elements
28 terms
Abeka Biology Chapter 2
sessile
blade
petiole
shoot system
leaves that lack a petiole
flat portion of the leaf
stalk that attaches leaf to stem
includes a plant's leaves, stems and flowers
sessile
leaves that lack a petiole
blade
flat portion of the leaf
41 terms
Chapter 2 Biology Vocab
Cell
Cell theory
Nucleus
Eukaryote
The basic units of life.
The cell theory states that (1) all living things are made of…
A large membrane-enclosed structure that contains genetic mat…
Cells that enclose their DNA in a nucleus.
Cell
The basic units of life.
Cell theory
The cell theory states that (1) all living things are made of…
31 terms
Chapter 2 Biology
Acid + Base =
Characteristics of Enzymes
endothermic
exothermic
Water and Salt
Speed up chemical reactions... decrease activation energy to sta…
heat inside
heat going out
Acid + Base =
Water and Salt
Characteristics of Enzymes
Speed up chemical reactions... decrease activation energy to sta…
39 terms
Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
isotope
basic unit of matter
strong bonds form protons and nuetrons to form the nucleus at…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
strong bonds form protons and nuetrons to form the nucleus at…
98 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Acid
Activation Energy
Adhesion
Amino Acid
compound that donates a proton (H+) when dissolved in a solut…
energy input necessary to initiate a chemical reaction
attraction between molecules of different substances
molecule that makes up proteins; composed of chon(s)
Acid
compound that donates a proton (H+) when dissolved in a solut…
Activation Energy
energy input necessary to initiate a chemical reaction
57 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Laakso
atom
proton
neutron
electron
basic unit of matter; unable to be cut or divided
a positive subatomic particle
a neutral subatomic particle
a negative subatomic particle (1/1840 the mass of protons)
atom
basic unit of matter; unable to be cut or divided
proton
a positive subatomic particle
26 terms
Biology: Chapter 2 - Chemistry of Life
atom
element
compound
ion
smallest basic unit of matter.
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons.
atom
smallest basic unit of matter.
element
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
37 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2 Terms
PH Scale
Isotope
Valence shell
Salt
Measurement scale for hydrogen ion concentrations. Based on t…
Atoms of the same element having the same atomic number but a…
The outer electron shell of an atom. Contains the valence ele…
Solid substances formed by ionic bonds that usually dissociat…
PH Scale
Measurement scale for hydrogen ion concentrations. Based on t…
Isotope
Atoms of the same element having the same atomic number but a…
18 terms
Biology Chapter 2
atom
subatomic particles
ion
element
The basic unit of a chemical element
The parts of an atom - protons, neutrons and electrons
an electrically charged atom or molecule
a pure substance
atom
The basic unit of a chemical element
subatomic particles
The parts of an atom - protons, neutrons and electrons
79 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Element
Compound
Essential Elements
- Anything that takes up space and has mass ... - Composes organ…
- A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances…
- A substance consisting of two or more different elements co…
- Elements that an organism needs to live a healthy life and…
Matter
- Anything that takes up space and has mass ... - Composes organ…
Element
- A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances…
14 terms
Miller and Levine Biology Chapter 2.2
hydrogen bond
cohesion
adhesion
mixture
the attraction between a hydrogen atom with a partial positiv…
the attraction between molecules of the same substance
the force of attraction between different kinds of molecules
A combination of two or more substances that are not chemical…
hydrogen bond
the attraction between a hydrogen atom with a partial positiv…
cohesion
the attraction between molecules of the same substance
14 terms
Miller and Levine Biology Chapter 2.2
hydrogen bond
cohesion
adhesion
mixture
the attraction between a hydrogen atom with a partial positiv…
the attraction between molecules of the same substance
the force of attraction between different kinds of molecules
A combination of two or more substances that are not chemical…
hydrogen bond
the attraction between a hydrogen atom with a partial positiv…
cohesion
the attraction between molecules of the same substance
24 terms
Biology Chapter 2
Subatomic structures of an atom
Names/Symbols of Elements
4 elements that make up 96% of human b…
atomic number
1) nucleus (+)... 2) proton (mass 1, + charge)... 3) neutron (mass…
C carbon ... H hydrogen... O oxygen... N nitrogen... P phosphorus... S sulfu…
C carbon... H hydrogen... O oxygen... N nitrogen
determines the type of element ... proton # = electron #
Subatomic structures of an atom
1) nucleus (+)... 2) proton (mass 1, + charge)... 3) neutron (mass…
Names/Symbols of Elements
C carbon ... H hydrogen... O oxygen... N nitrogen... P phosphorus... S sulfu…
37 terms
Miller Levine Biology Chapter 2
atoms
proton
neutron
electron
the building blocks of matter
positivly charged part of an atom in the nucleus
part of atom with no charge in the nucleus
negatively charged particle of an atom that orbits around the…
atoms
the building blocks of matter
proton
positivly charged part of an atom in the nucleus
47 terms
Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutrons
negatively charged particle; located outside the nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutrons
15 terms
Chapter 2.5 Biology
Catalyst
Denature
Catalyst
Enzymes
Decreases activation energy needed for a reaction to start
1. when an enzyme has it's H bonds broken due to high tempera…
A substance that speeds up a chemical reaction
Biological catalyst... speeds up reactions in living things.
Catalyst
Decreases activation energy needed for a reaction to start
Denature
1. when an enzyme has it's H bonds broken due to high tempera…
25 terms
Biology Chapter 2 Biochemistry
Polymer
Monomer
Monosaccharide
Carbohydrate
Large groups of monomers joined together. These can be formed…
smaller units that act as the building blocks of all macromol…
The monomer of a carbohydrate. These are the smallest forms o…
Compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms usual…
Polymer
Large groups of monomers joined together. These can be formed…
Monomer
smaller units that act as the building blocks of all macromol…
21 terms
Biology: Chapter 2 The Science of Biology
Inquiry
Observation
Data
What are the two types of Data?
An investigation with thoughtful questioning.
Using senses to gather and record information about structure…
Recorded observations.
Quantitative and Qualitative.
Inquiry
An investigation with thoughtful questioning.
Observation
Using senses to gather and record information about structure…
25 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
isotope
compound
ionic bond
ion
atom of an element that has a number of neutrons different fr…
substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more e…
bond formed when one or more electrons are transferred from o…
atom that has a positive or negative charge
isotope
atom of an element that has a number of neutrons different fr…
compound
substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more e…
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