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Study sets matching "biology chapter 23 vocabulary"

24 terms
Biology Chapter 23 Vocabulary
Vegetative Reproduction
Chemotaxis
Protonema
Prothallus
form of asexual reproduction in which new plants grow from pa…
response to chemicals produced by archegonia
a small, threadlike structure
grow and form a tiny heart- shaped gametophyte
Vegetative Reproduction
form of asexual reproduction in which new plants grow from pa…
Chemotaxis
response to chemicals produced by archegonia
50 terms
Biology Chapter 23 Vocabulary
Neuron
Cell body
Dendrite
Axon
The functional unit of the nervous system; the cell that rece…
The part of the neuron with he greatest diameter
Part of the neuron that receives nerve impulses and breeding.…
The portion if a neuron that carries impulses away from the c…
Neuron
The functional unit of the nervous system; the cell that rece…
Cell body
The part of the neuron with he greatest diameter
26 terms
AP Biology Chapter 23
microevolution
genetic variation
neutral variation
formation of genetic variation
evolution on its smallest scale
differences among individuals in the composition of their gen…
differences in DNA sequences that do not confer s selective a…
formation of new alleles, altering gene number of position, r…
microevolution
evolution on its smallest scale
genetic variation
differences among individuals in the composition of their gen…
Biology, Chapter 23.2, Flowers
sepal
petal
stamen
pistil
protect the flower bud; can look like small leaves or even re…
the colorful structures that can both attract pollinators and…
the male reproductive organs
the female reproductive organs
sepal
protect the flower bud; can look like small leaves or even re…
petal
the colorful structures that can both attract pollinators and…
17 terms
A Beka Biology chapter 23.2
Gregor Mendel
law of dominance
dominant traits
recessive trait
an Austrian monk who studied heredity, experimenting with pea…
One of Mendel's laws; it states that when two organisms, each…
the trait observed when at least one dominant gene is present
a trait that is apparent only when two recessive alleles for…
Gregor Mendel
an Austrian monk who studied heredity, experimenting with pea…
law of dominance
One of Mendel's laws; it states that when two organisms, each…
34 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 23 Vocabulary
antibiotic
antibiotic resistance
autotroph
bacillus
a substance that can inhibit the growth of or kill some micro…
the ability of a population of bacteria to survive the lethal…
an organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
a rod-shaped bacterium
antibiotic
a substance that can inhibit the growth of or kill some micro…
antibiotic resistance
the ability of a population of bacteria to survive the lethal…
21 terms
AP Biology Chapter 23 Vocabulary
Bottleneck Effect
Directional Selection
Disruptive Selection
Fitness
Genetic drift that occurs when the size of a population is re…
Natural selection in which individuals at one end of the phen…
Natural selection in which individuals on both extremes of a…
A contribution an individual makes to the gene pool of the ne…
Bottleneck Effect
Genetic drift that occurs when the size of a population is re…
Directional Selection
Natural selection in which individuals at one end of the phen…
27 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 23 Vocabulary
Microevolution
Genetic Variation
Neutral Variation
Mutation
Evolutionary change below the species level; a change in alle…
Differences among individuals in the composition of their gen…
Genetic variation that does not provide a selective advantage…
A change in the nucleotide sequence of an organism's DNA.
Microevolution
Evolutionary change below the species level; a change in alle…
Genetic Variation
Differences among individuals in the composition of their gen…
Biology, Chapter 23.1, Introduction to Plant Reproduction
vegetative reproduction
chemotaxis
protonema
prothallus
a form of asexual reproduction in which new plants grow from…
movement of cell or organism in response to a particular chem…
a small, threadlike structure that can develop into the gamet…
heart-shaped, tiny fern gametophyte
vegetative reproduction
a form of asexual reproduction in which new plants grow from…
chemotaxis
movement of cell or organism in response to a particular chem…
38 terms
Biology Chapter 23 Vocab
Epidermis
Lignin
Vessel Element
Sieve tube element
In plants, single layer of cells that makes up dermal tissue.
Substance in vascular plants that makes cell walls rigid.
Type of xylem cell that forms part of a continuous tube throu…
Continuous tube through the plant phloem cells, which are arr…
Epidermis
In plants, single layer of cells that makes up dermal tissue.
Lignin
Substance in vascular plants that makes cell walls rigid.
36 terms
Biology chapter 23 Study Guide
biological evolution
natural selection
adaptation
anatomical homology
...
...
...
A type of supportive evidence for evolution has been obtained…
biological evolution
...
natural selection
...
34 terms
Biology: Chapter 23 and 24 Vocabulary
pathogen
viroids
prions
Prokaryotes
any disease-causing agent
are small circular RNA molecules that infect plants and disru…
are slow-acting virtually indestructible infectious proteins…
the most diverse life, can live anywhere, grouped by their ne…
pathogen
any disease-causing agent
viroids
are small circular RNA molecules that infect plants and disru…
49 terms
Biology Chapter 23 Vocabulary
anemia
aorta
arteriole
artery
A condition in which an abnormally low amount of hemoglobin o…
A large artery that conveys blood directly from the left vent…
A vessel that conveys blood between an artery and a capillary…
A vessel that carries blood away from the heart to other part…
anemia
A condition in which an abnormally low amount of hemoglobin o…
aorta
A large artery that conveys blood directly from the left vent…
28 terms
Biology chapter 23 - vocabulary
cuticle
stoma
guard cell
vascular system
a waxy watertight layer on the epidermal cells of plant leaves
one of many openings in a leaf or a stem of a plant that allo…
one of a pair or specialized cells that border a stoma and re…
a conducting system of tissues that transport water ad other…
cuticle
a waxy watertight layer on the epidermal cells of plant leaves
stoma
one of many openings in a leaf or a stem of a plant that allo…
26 terms
Biology Chapter 23 Terms
adipose tissue
anatomy
blood
bone
Collection of fat cells, stores energy and insulation
the study of an organism's structure
type of connective tissue consisting of cells and platelets s…
type of connective tissue consisting of cells embedded in a m…
adipose tissue
Collection of fat cells, stores energy and insulation
anatomy
the study of an organism's structure
40 terms
Chapter 23 vocabulary (Biology)
Vessel element
Epidermal cell
Vascular tissue
Sieve tube element
Xylem cell that forms part of a continuous tube through which…
Cell that makes up the dermal tissue.
Type of plant tissue specialized to conduct water and nutrien…
Phloem cell that is joined end-to-end to similar cells to for…
Vessel element
Xylem cell that forms part of a continuous tube through which…
Epidermal cell
Cell that makes up the dermal tissue.
8 terms
Biology: Chapter 23
Animals (select all that apply):
Bilateral symmetry is a condition in w…
A coelom is:
In earthworms, we can see a clear exam…
a. go through a blastula stage in development. d. are heterot…
d. one side of an animal is symmetrical to the other.
a. an enclosed body cavity, not found in sponges, cnidarians,…
b. body segmentation.
Animals (select all that apply):
a. go through a blastula stage in development. d. are heterot…
Bilateral symmetry is a condition in w…
d. one side of an animal is symmetrical to the other.
15 terms
Dons Biology Chapter 23
anther
antheridia
archegonia
double fertilization
the part of the stamen that produces the pollen grains
the structure that produces the sperm in ferns
the structure that produces the egg in ferns
the reproduction in flowering plants where 2 sperm combine wi…
anther
the part of the stamen that produces the pollen grains
antheridia
the structure that produces the sperm in ferns
34 terms
Biology: Chapter 23 and 24 Vocabulary
pathogen
viroids
prions
Prokaryotes
any disease-causing agent
are small circular RNA molecules that infect plants and disru…
are slow-acting virtually indestructible infectious proteins…
the most diverse life, can live anywhere, grouped by their ne…
pathogen
any disease-causing agent
viroids
are small circular RNA molecules that infect plants and disru…
10 terms
Abeka Biology Chapter 23
23
Gregor Mendel
heredity
meiosis
number of chromosomes in a human reproductive cell
father of genetics
transmission of characteristics from parent to offspring by m…
egg and sperm originate in a specially designed type of cell…
23
number of chromosomes in a human reproductive cell
Gregor Mendel
father of genetics
23 terms
biology // chapter 23 vocabulary
epidermal cell
vessel element
sieve tube element
collenchyma
cell that makes up the dermal tissue, which is the outer cove…
in angiosperms, xylem cell that forms part of a continuous tu…
phloem cell that is joined end to end to similar cells to for…
type of ground tissue cell with a strong, flexible cell wall;…
epidermal cell
cell that makes up the dermal tissue, which is the outer cove…
vessel element
in angiosperms, xylem cell that forms part of a continuous tu…
68 terms
Biology Chapter 23
Excretory System
Kidney
Nephron
Ureter
group of organs including the kidneys, liver, skin, large int…
organ that removes urea, excess water, and other waste produc…
Blood-filtering unit in the renal cortex of the kidney
either of a pair of thick-walled tubes that carry urine from…
Excretory System
group of organs including the kidneys, liver, skin, large int…
Kidney
organ that removes urea, excess water, and other waste produc…
24 terms
Chapter 23 Vocabulary - Biology
collagen
vertebrate
invertebrate
phylum
three-stranded protein, unique to animals, that combines to f…
animal with an internal segmented backbone
animal without a backbone
group of animals defined by structural and functional charact…
collagen
three-stranded protein, unique to animals, that combines to f…
vertebrate
animal with an internal segmented backbone
10 terms
Biology in Focus Chapter 23
macroevolution
radiometric dating
geologic record
stromatolites
Evolutionary change above the species level, including the ap…
the process of measuring the absolute age of geologic materia…
The division of Earth's history into time periods, grouped in…
layered rocks that form when certain prokaryotes bind thin fi…
macroevolution
Evolutionary change above the species level, including the ap…
radiometric dating
the process of measuring the absolute age of geologic materia…
38 terms
Biology Chapter 23 Vocab
Epidermis
Lignin
Vessel Element
Sieve tube element
In plants, single layer of cells that makes up dermal tissue.
Substance in vascular plants that makes cell walls rigid.
Type of xylem cell that forms part of a continuous tube throu…
Continuous tube through the plant phloem cells, which are arr…
Epidermis
In plants, single layer of cells that makes up dermal tissue.
Lignin
Substance in vascular plants that makes cell walls rigid.
10 terms
Biology Chapter 23 Ecosystem Ecology
climate change
global warming
ecosystem
habitat
any substantial change in climate that lasts for an extended…
: an increase in Earths average temperatures.
the living and nonliving components of an environment, includ…
the physical environment where an organisms lives and to whic…
climate change
any substantial change in climate that lasts for an extended…
global warming
: an increase in Earths average temperatures.
44 terms
biology chapter 23
microevolution
genetic drift
gene flow
gene variability
evolution on the smallest scale—a generation-to-generation ch…
A change in the allele frequency of a population as a result…
-Movement of alleles into or out of a population due to the m…
can be quantified as average heterozygosity which measures th…
microevolution
evolution on the smallest scale—a generation-to-generation ch…
genetic drift
A change in the allele frequency of a population as a result…
20 terms
Biology Chapter 23 Vocabulary
lignin
root hairs
cortex
root cap
substance in vascular plants that make cell walls rigid
small hairs on a root that produce a large surface area throu…
region of ground tissue just inside the root through which wa…
tough covering of the root tip that protects the meristem
lignin
substance in vascular plants that make cell walls rigid
root hairs
small hairs on a root that produce a large surface area throu…
17 terms
Chapter 23 Vocabulary- Biology
Blastula
Gastrula
Larva
Metamorphosis
Embryonic stage in most animals consisting o a single layer o…
Embryonic stage following the blastula that has an inner and…
Immature form of an animal that looks different from the adul…
Complete change of body form is some animals from larva to an…
Blastula
Embryonic stage in most animals consisting o a single layer o…
Gastrula
Embryonic stage following the blastula that has an inner and…
42 terms
Chapter 23 Biology Vocabulary
Epidermal Cell
Vessel Element
Sieve Tube Element
Companion Cell
Cell that makes up the dermal tissue, which is the outer cove…
In angiosperms, xylem cell that forms part of a continuous tu…
Phloem cell that is joined end-t0-end to similar cell to form…
Phloem cell that surrounds sieve tube elements
Epidermal Cell
Cell that makes up the dermal tissue, which is the outer cove…
Vessel Element
In angiosperms, xylem cell that forms part of a continuous tu…
35 terms
Biology Chapter 23 Vocabulary
Prokaryotes
Peptidoglycan
Methanogens
Halophiles
Single-celled organisms that do not have a membrane-bound nuc…
A protein-carbohydrate compound found in bacterial cell walls.
a microorganism that produces methane gas
An organism that can grow in, or favors environments that hav…
Prokaryotes
Single-celled organisms that do not have a membrane-bound nuc…
Peptidoglycan
A protein-carbohydrate compound found in bacterial cell walls.
37 terms
Biology Chapter 23 Vocabulary
epidermis
lignin
vessel element
sieve tube element
An outer layer of cells designed to provide protection
A hard material embedded in the cellulose matrix of vascular…
In angiosperms, xylem cell that forms part of a continuous tu…
found in phloem; stacked end to end; have holes so materials…
epidermis
An outer layer of cells designed to provide protection
lignin
A hard material embedded in the cellulose matrix of vascular…
38 terms
Chapter 23 Biology Vocabulary
cuticle
stoma
guard cell
vascular system
a waxy or fatty and watertight later on the external wall of…
one of many openings in a leaf or a stem of a plant that enab…
one of a pair of specialized cells that border a stoma and re…
a conducting system of tissues that transport water and other…
cuticle
a waxy or fatty and watertight later on the external wall of…
stoma
one of many openings in a leaf or a stem of a plant that enab…
Biology Chapter 23 Vocabulary
Adhesion
Apical Meristem
Bark
Blade
Force of attraction between different kinds of molecules.
Group of unspecialized cells that divide to produce increased…
Tissue that are found outside the vascular cambium, including…
Thin, flattened part of a plant leaf.
Adhesion
Force of attraction between different kinds of molecules.
Apical Meristem
Group of unspecialized cells that divide to produce increased…
31 terms
Glencoe Biology Chapter 23
parenchyma
collenchyma
sclerenchyma
epidermis
Fundamental tissue composed of thin-walled living cells that…
A flexible plant cell type that occurs in strands or cylinder…
type of ground-tissue cell with an extremely thick, rigid cel…
An outer layer of cells designed to provide protection
parenchyma
Fundamental tissue composed of thin-walled living cells that…
collenchyma
A flexible plant cell type that occurs in strands or cylinder…
34 terms
biology chapter 23 vocabulary
prokaryote
peptidoglycan
methanogen
halophile
A single‐celled organism that lacks a membrane‐bound nucleus
A protein-carbohydrate compound that makes the cell walls of…
A group of archaebacteria that produce methane as a by produc…
"salt-loving" archaea that live in environments that have ver…
prokaryote
A single‐celled organism that lacks a membrane‐bound nucleus
peptidoglycan
A protein-carbohydrate compound that makes the cell walls of…
66 terms
Biology Chapter 23 Vocabulary
Neurons
Cell Body
Dendrites
Axons
Cells that serve as the functional units of the nervous system.
The part of the neuron with the greatest diameter. It contain…
Multibranched fibers that project from a neuron. They receive…
Fibers that carry away from the cell body. They are usually t…
Neurons
Cells that serve as the functional units of the nervous system.
Cell Body
The part of the neuron with the greatest diameter. It contain…
35 terms
Biology chapter 23 vocabulary
Epidermis
Lignin
Vessel element
Sieve tub element
In plants, single layer of cells that makes up dermal tissue
Substance in vascular plants that makes cells walls rigid
Type of xylem cell that forms part of a continuous tube throu…
Continuous tube through the plant phloem cells, which are arr…
Epidermis
In plants, single layer of cells that makes up dermal tissue
Lignin
Substance in vascular plants that makes cells walls rigid
28 terms
Chapter 23 vocabulary biology
cuticle
stoma
guard cell
vascular system
A waxy covering on the surface of stems and leaves that acts…
permits plants to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide
Pairs of cells that surround stomata and control their openin…
Collection of specialized tissue in some plants that transpor…
cuticle
A waxy covering on the surface of stems and leaves that acts…
stoma
permits plants to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide
59 terms
AP Biology Chapter 23 Notes
Alternation of generation
Angiosperm
Antheridium
Apical
Life cycle, typical of land plants, in which a diploid sporop…
Flowering land plant; the seeds are borne within a fruit.
Sperm-producing structures, as in the moss life cycle.
Directional term that refers to the tip of a filament or bran…
Alternation of generation
Life cycle, typical of land plants, in which a diploid sporop…
Angiosperm
Flowering land plant; the seeds are borne within a fruit.
28 terms
Biology Chapter 23 Vocabulary
Meristem
Sclerenchyma
Collenchyma
Parenchyma
regions of unspecialized cells responsible for continuing gro…
type of ground tissue with extremely thick, rigid cell walls…
in plants, a type of ground tissue that has strong, flexible…
main type of ground tissue in plants that contain cells with…
Meristem
regions of unspecialized cells responsible for continuing gro…
Sclerenchyma
type of ground tissue with extremely thick, rigid cell walls…
37 terms
Biology Chapter 23 Vocabulary
Epidermis
lignin
Vessel Element
Sieve tube element
in plants, single layer of cells that make ups up dermal tissue
substance in vascular plants that makes cell walls rigid
type of xylem cell that forms part of a continuous tube throu…
continuous tube through the plants phloem cells, which are ar…
Epidermis
in plants, single layer of cells that make ups up dermal tissue
lignin
substance in vascular plants that makes cell walls rigid
Biology 12 - Chapter 23
Metabolic
Anabolic
Catabolic reaction
First Law of Thermodynamics
Refers cellular reaction rates (how a cell uses material to s…
(build)... A reaction where the product is a synthesis of 2 comp…
(tear down)... A reaction where a more complex molecule is broke…
Energy cannot be created or destroyed - only change its form.
Metabolic
Refers cellular reaction rates (how a cell uses material to s…
Anabolic
(build)... A reaction where the product is a synthesis of 2 comp…
38 terms
Biology Chapter 23 Vocab
Epidermis
Lignin
Vessel Element
Sieve tube element
In plants, single layer of cells that makes up dermal tissue.
Substance in vascular plants that makes cell walls rigid.
Type of xylem cell that forms part of a continuous tube throu…
Continuous tube through the plant phloem cells, which are arr…
Epidermis
In plants, single layer of cells that makes up dermal tissue.
Lignin
Substance in vascular plants that makes cell walls rigid.
50 terms
Biology Vocabulary chapter 23
accommodation
active potential
autonomic nervous system
axon
The desensitization of sensory receptors after a... period of st…
The nerve impulse that results when sodium ions... rush into the…
The involuntary portion of the peripheral nervous system.
The portion of a neuron that carries impulses away from the c…
accommodation
The desensitization of sensory receptors after a... period of st…
active potential
The nerve impulse that results when sodium ions... rush into the…
70 terms
Biology Chapter 23 Laakso
Sclerenchyma
Parenchyma
Collenchyma
Petiole
Thickest cell wall; Seed coat; have extremely thick, rigid ce…
Thinnest cell wall; Photosynthetic; main type of ground tissu…
Medium cell wall; Flexible; cell walls that help support plan…
Thin stalk that connects the leaf blade to the stem
Sclerenchyma
Thickest cell wall; Seed coat; have extremely thick, rigid ce…
Parenchyma
Thinnest cell wall; Photosynthetic; main type of ground tissu…
20 terms
Biology Chapter 23 Vocabulary
Lignin
Root hair
Cortex
Root cap
Complex molecule, resist water, gives wood its strength
Surface area, allow water and minerals to enter
Ground tissue, store products of photosynthesis
Protect root tip
Lignin
Complex molecule, resist water, gives wood its strength
Root hair
Surface area, allow water and minerals to enter
19 terms
Chapter 23 Biology Vocabulary
Prokaryote
Peptidoglycan
Methanogenes
Halophiles
single celled orgranisms
a protein carbohydrate found in bacterial cell walls
A microorganism that obtains energy by using carbon dioxide t…
live in exreme salt water (Dead Sea, Great Salt lake)
Prokaryote
single celled orgranisms
Peptidoglycan
a protein carbohydrate found in bacterial cell walls
10 terms
Biology chapter 23 vocabulary
Collagen
Homobox
Homeotic
Vertebrate
A three stranded protein unique to animals
Or hox genes define the head to tail pattern of development i…
Genes that control early development in animals
Is an animal with an internal segmented backbone
Collagen
A three stranded protein unique to animals
Homobox
Or hox genes define the head to tail pattern of development i…
37 terms
Biology Chapter 23 Vocabulary
Epidermis
Lignin
Vessel Element
Sieve Tube Elements
A single layer of cells that makes up dermal tissue in young…
A complex molecule that resists water and gives wood much of…
A secpnd form of xylem tissue that angiosperms possess. They…
Main phloem cells which are arranged end to end, forming siev…
Epidermis
A single layer of cells that makes up dermal tissue in young…
Lignin
A complex molecule that resists water and gives wood much of…
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