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Study sets matching "biology chapter 3"

31 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
classify
phylum
genus
species
group things based on the features they share
subdivision of a kingdom with the second largest group of org…
the sixth classification level of living things that includes…
group of organisms that can breed with each other to produce…
classify
group things based on the features they share
phylum
subdivision of a kingdom with the second largest group of org…
33 terms
Biology Chapter 3
classify
phylum
genus
species
Group together based on similar traits
Subdivision of a kingdom (plural is phyla)
A group of similar species
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
classify
Group together based on similar traits
phylum
Subdivision of a kingdom (plural is phyla)
33 terms
Chapter 3 Biology
biosphere
species
population
community
Part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
A group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
All the different populations that live together in an area
biosphere
Part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
species
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
16 terms
Biology Chapter 3
primary succession
climax community
Secondary Succession
Biome
primary succession takes place on land where there are no liv…
a stable mature community that undergoes little or no change…
Is the sequence of change that takes place after an existed c…
A large group of ecosystems that share the same type of clima…
primary succession
primary succession takes place on land where there are no liv…
climax community
a stable mature community that undergoes little or no change…
41 terms
Biology Chapter 3
cell theory
cytoplasm
eukaryotic cell
Microscope
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jelly like substances inside cells that contains molecules an…
cell that has a nucleus and other membrane- bound organelles.
A tool used for viewing very small objects, such as animal or…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jelly like substances inside cells that contains molecules an…
27 terms
Ecology Chapter 3 Biology
Organism
Species
Population
Community
an individual living thing that uses energy, reproduces, resp…
a group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
group of individuals of the same species that live in the sam…
all living, or biotic, things in an area
Organism
an individual living thing that uses energy, reproduces, resp…
Species
a group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
55 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Review
synthesize
Define organic molecules and give four…
Types and number of bonds formed by ca…
What are hydrocarbons?
create, produce
always contain carbon and hydrogen; examples are:... Lipids, Car…
4 single bonds, 2 double bonds, 1 double bond plus 2 single b…
They are compounds/molecules that only contains carbon and hy…
synthesize
create, produce
Define organic molecules and give four…
always contain carbon and hydrogen; examples are:... Lipids, Car…
27 terms
Biology Chapter 3 - Cells
Cell Theory
Prokayote
Cell membrane
Cell wall
1. All living things are made of one or more cells. 2. Cells…
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
The outer boundary of a cell and is selectively permeable
Plant cells and prokayotes have cell walls that surround the…
Cell Theory
1. All living things are made of one or more cells. 2. Cells…
Prokayote
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
13 terms
Biology Chapter 3
ecology
biosphere
biome
ecosystem
study of how organisms work together and with their environment
part of the earth where life is such as air, water, land and
a group of ecosystems that share similar climates and animals
all organisms living in an environment together with their no…
ecology
study of how organisms work together and with their environment
biosphere
part of the earth where life is such as air, water, land and
101 terms
Biology Study Guide Chapter 3
Biuret reagent
purple, from blue
Benedict's reagent
red, from blue
name of reagent used to distinguish proteins
colour change indicating that protein is present, in the chem…
name of reagent used to test for simple sugars (monosaccharid…
colour change indicating that sugar is present, in the chemic…
Biuret reagent
name of reagent used to distinguish proteins
purple, from blue
colour change indicating that protein is present, in the chem…
33 terms
Biology chapter 3
abiotic factor
autotrophs
biochemical cycle
biomass
Nonliving components of environment.
Organisms that are able to make their own food.
Cycling of elements and compounds between living and nonlivin…
Total amount of living tissue within a given tropic level.
abiotic factor
Nonliving components of environment.
autotrophs
Organisms that are able to make their own food.
28 terms
Biology Chapter 3
producer p 60
consumer p 61
carnivore p 62
herbivore p 62
the first producer of energy-rich compounds that are later us…
an organism that relies on other organisms for its energy and…
kill and eat other animals. examples snakes, dogs, cats, and…
obtain energy and nutrients by eating plant leaves, roots, se…
producer p 60
the first producer of energy-rich compounds that are later us…
consumer p 61
an organism that relies on other organisms for its energy and…
33 terms
Biology Chapter 3 The Biosphere
biosphere
species
population
community
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile…
group of individuals of the same species that live in the sam…
assemblage of different populations that live together in a d…
biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
species
group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile…
79 terms
General Biology Chapter 3
1. List and describe four characterist…
2. What are the three main principles…
3. Compare and contrast prokaryotic an…
What are three main parts of eukaryoti…
...
1. all living organisms are made up of one or more cells and…
plasma membrane/cell wall, cytoplasm, organelles
1. List and describe four characterist…
...
2. What are the three main principles…
1. all living organisms are made up of one or more cells and…
31 terms
biology chapter 3
COMMUNITY
LIMITING FACTOR
TOLERANCE
ECOLOGICAL SUCCESSION
Group of interacting populations that live in the same geogra…
Biotic or abiotic factor that restricts the number, distribut…
Organism's ability to survive biotic and abiotic factors.
Process by which one community replaces another community bec…
COMMUNITY
Group of interacting populations that live in the same geogra…
LIMITING FACTOR
Biotic or abiotic factor that restricts the number, distribut…
83 terms
AP Biology Chapter 3
isomers
structural isomers
geometric isomers
enantiomers
compounds- same molecular formula, different structural formu…
differ in arrangement of atoms and often in location of doubl…
same covalent bonds, differ in arrangement around double bond
left and right handed (mirror images) of each other
isomers
compounds- same molecular formula, different structural formu…
structural isomers
differ in arrangement of atoms and often in location of doubl…
34 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
1. All organisms are made of cells ... 2. All existing cells are…
a jelly-like substance that contains dissolved molecular buil…
structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
cells that do not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound orga…
cell theory
1. All organisms are made of cells ... 2. All existing cells are…
cytoplasm
a jelly-like substance that contains dissolved molecular buil…
36 terms
Biology: Chapter 3 The Biosphere
biosphere
species
population
community
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile…
group of individuals of the same species that live in the sam…
all the different populations (all the living things) that li…
biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
species
group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile…
46 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Review
What is the control center for most ce…
Who first identified cork "cells"?
The cytoplasm's long tubular extension…
Several tissues grouped together and w…
nucleus
Robert Hooke
flagella
organ
What is the control center for most ce…
nucleus
Who first identified cork "cells"?
Robert Hooke
102 terms
Biology Chapter 3
four classes of large biological molec…
carbon
Macromolecules
Lipid
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic acids
macromolecules are all _________based
large molecules composed of thousands of covalently connected…
which is not a macro-molecule?
four classes of large biological molec…
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic acids
carbon
macromolecules are all _________based
33 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 3
Organic Chemistry
Vitalism
Mechanism
Methane
The study of carbon compounds.
The belief in a life force outside the jurisdiction of physic…
The view that physical and chemical laws govern all natural p…
CH₄
Organic Chemistry
The study of carbon compounds.
Vitalism
The belief in a life force outside the jurisdiction of physic…
83 terms
BJU Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Cytology
Cells
Cell Theory
Cellular Function - Nutrition
The study of cells.
The functional and structural unit of life.
The cell is the basic unit of all living things. Cells perfor…
Includes absorption and digestion.
Cytology
The study of cells.
Cells
The functional and structural unit of life.
28 terms
AGS Biology Chapter 3
classify
taxonomy
phylum
species
divide into groups
classify organisms according to their similarities
subdivision of a kingdom
a group of organisms that can breed with each other to produc…
classify
divide into groups
taxonomy
classify organisms according to their similarities
27 terms
Biology Chapter 3 - Cells
Cell Theory
Prokayote
Cell membrane
Cell wall
1. All living things are made of one or more cells. 2. Cells…
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
The outer boundary of a cell and is selectively permeable
Plant cells and prokayotes have cell walls that surround the…
Cell Theory
1. All living things are made of one or more cells. 2. Cells…
Prokayote
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
33 terms
AGS Biology Chapter 3
classify
phylum
genus
species
group things based on the features they share
subdivision of a kingdom
a group of living things that includes separate species
a group of organisms that can breed with each other to produc…
classify
group things based on the features they share
phylum
subdivision of a kingdom
26 terms
AICE Biology Chapter 3
Enzyme
Catalyst
Activation Energy
Substrate
a protein that acts as a biological catalyst.
A substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction.
Energy needed to get a reaction started.
A reactant of an enzyme-catalyzed reaction.
Enzyme
a protein that acts as a biological catalyst.
Catalyst
A substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction.
41 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 3
Eukaryotic cells
Prokaryotic cells
Archaean cells
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Have a nucleus (membrane enclosed DNA organelle)... are structur…
Have a nucleoid (no membrane around DNA)... structurally simple;…
have qualities of both prokaryotes and eukaryotes and exist i…
recognized for inventing one of the earliest microscopes and…
Eukaryotic cells
Have a nucleus (membrane enclosed DNA organelle)... are structur…
Prokaryotic cells
Have a nucleoid (no membrane around DNA)... structurally simple;…
27 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 3
light microscope
electron microscope
magnification
resolution
microscope that uses a beam of light passing through one or m…
a microscope that focuses a beam of electrons to magnify obje…
the increase of an object's apparent size by using lenses or…
in microscopes, the ability to form images with fine detail
light microscope
microscope that uses a beam of light passing through one or m…
electron microscope
a microscope that focuses a beam of electrons to magnify obje…
45 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Review
Evaporation
Condensation
Precipitation
Run Off
What part of the water cycle does a represent?
What part of the water cycle does b represent?
What part of the water cycle does c represent?
What part of the water cycle does d represent?
Evaporation
What part of the water cycle does a represent?
Condensation
What part of the water cycle does b represent?
56 terms
Campbell Biology-Chapter 3
Polar molecule
True or false: The atoms of a water mo…
True or false: Two water molecules are…
Polarity allows water molecules to for…
A molecule in which the overall charge is unevenly distributed.
False.
True.
Hydrogen bonds.
Polar molecule
A molecule in which the overall charge is unevenly distributed.
True or false: The atoms of a water mo…
False.
31 terms
Biology Chapter 3 The Biosphere
biosphere
species
population
community
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile…
group of individuals of the same species that live in the sam…
assemblage of different populations that live together in a d…
biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
species
group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile…
36 terms
BIOLOGY CHAPTER 3
Community
limiting factor
tolerance
ecological succession
a group of interacting populations that occupy the same area…
any abiotic or biotic factor that restricts the numbers, repr…
the ability of an organism to survive when subjected to abiot…
the change in the ecosystem that happens when one community r…
Community
a group of interacting populations that occupy the same area…
limiting factor
any abiotic or biotic factor that restricts the numbers, repr…
33 terms
Biology Chapter 3 The Biosphere
ecology
biosphere
species
population
Science dealing with the relation of living things to their e…
Where all life exists on the Earth (air, water, land)
A group of organisms that are closely related and can mate to…
A group of individuals of the same species that live in the s…
ecology
Science dealing with the relation of living things to their e…
biosphere
Where all life exists on the Earth (air, water, land)
biology chapter 3 vocab
ribosomes
cell theory
levels of organization
vacuole
a minute particle consisting of RNA and associated proteins,…
In biology, cell theory is a scientific theory which describe…
Organ systems are the fourth level of organization in living…
a space or vesicle within the cytoplasm of a cell, enclosed b…
ribosomes
a minute particle consisting of RNA and associated proteins,…
cell theory
In biology, cell theory is a scientific theory which describe…
41 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Vocab
biosphere
species
population
community
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile…
group of individuals of the same species that live in the sam…
assemblage of different populations that live together in a d…
biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
species
group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile…
34 terms
Biology: Chapter 3 - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
37 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Ecology
biosphere
species
populations
communities
contains the combined portions of the planet in which all of…
group of organisms so similar to one another they can breed a…
groups of individuals that belong to the same species and liv…
groups of different populations that live together in a defin…
biosphere
contains the combined portions of the planet in which all of…
species
group of organisms so similar to one another they can breed a…
31 terms
Biology Chapter 3
community
limiting factor
tolerance
ecological succession
group of interacting populations that occupy the same area at…
any abiotic factor or biotic factor that restricts the number…
ability of any organism to survive when subjected to abiotic…
change in an ecosystem that happens when one community replac…
community
group of interacting populations that occupy the same area at…
limiting factor
any abiotic factor or biotic factor that restricts the number…
28 terms
Miller and Levine Biology Chapter 3 Ecology Vocabulary
ecology
biosphere
species
ecosystem
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
all life and all of Earth in which life exists, including lan…
a group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
all the organisms that live in a place, together with their n…
ecology
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
biosphere
all life and all of Earth in which life exists, including lan…
27 terms
Biology Chapter 3 - Cells
Cell Theory
Prokayote
Cell membrane
Cell wall
The theory that states that all living things are made of cel…
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
A phospholipid layer that covers a cell's surface and acts as…
A rigid structure that surrounds the cell membrane and provid…
Cell Theory
The theory that states that all living things are made of cel…
Prokayote
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
10 terms
Int. Biology: Chapter 3 vocab
taxonomy
kingdom
classify
species
the classification of organisms
there is a six-kingdom system for classifying life
To group things based on common traits
a group made up of all the organisms of the same type that ca…
taxonomy
the classification of organisms
kingdom
there is a six-kingdom system for classifying life
12 terms
Chapter 3 Biology
Carbon
Translation
Transcription
mRNA
Element found in all living things
process where mRNA is used to create proteins in a ribosome
Process where DNA is unzipped and a copy of mRNA is made
It carries the genetic code copied from the DNA during transc…
Carbon
Element found in all living things
Translation
process where mRNA is used to create proteins in a ribosome
34 terms
Biology Chapter 3
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelles
prokaryotic cells
the major problems include: all organisms are made of cells,…
a jellylike substance that contains dissolved molecular build…
structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
cells that do not have a nucleus or other membrande-bound org…
cell theory
the major problems include: all organisms are made of cells,…
cytoplasm
a jellylike substance that contains dissolved molecular build…
42 terms
chapter 3 biology
atoms
elements
compounds
nucleus
basic building blocks of matter
A molecule composed of one kind of atom; cannot be broken int…
Two or more kinds of atoms that have combined
central part of atom that contains portions and neutrons... prot…
atoms
basic building blocks of matter
elements
A molecule composed of one kind of atom; cannot be broken int…
30 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
cell
prokaryote
eukaryote
nucleus
the basic unit of life
a cell which contains no nucleus and no organelles, bacteria
a cell which contains nucleus and organelles; includes plants…
the control center of the cell, where DNA is found
cell
the basic unit of life
prokaryote
a cell which contains no nucleus and no organelles, bacteria
36 terms
Biology 101: Chapter 3
polar molecule
cohesion
adhesion
surface tension
a molecule whose overall charge is unevenly distributed.
the linking together of like molecules, often by hydrogen bon…
the clinging of one substance to another
a measure of how difficult it is to stretch or break the surf…
polar molecule
a molecule whose overall charge is unevenly distributed.
cohesion
the linking together of like molecules, often by hydrogen bon…
53 terms
Inquiry into Life Chapter 3: Cell Biology
The Cell Theory
Prokaryotic Cells
Capsule/slime layer
Flagella/Flagellum
All organisms are made up of living units called cells. ... Cell…
absence of a membrane-bound nucleus; smaller; generally unice…
(in Prokaryotic Cells) sugar coat
(Energy-related organelle) long, help some bacteria, sperm, a…
The Cell Theory
All organisms are made up of living units called cells. ... Cell…
Prokaryotic Cells
absence of a membrane-bound nucleus; smaller; generally unice…
28 terms
AGS Biology Chapter 3
classify
taxonomy
phylum
species
divide into groups
classify organisms according to their similarities
subdivision of a kingdom
a group of organisms that can breed with each other to produc…
classify
divide into groups
taxonomy
classify organisms according to their similarities
31 terms
IGSCE Biology Chapter 3
diffusion
Osmosis
Active Transport
Plasmolysis
The NET movement of molecules and ions... From an area of their…
The diffusion of WATER molecules... From an area of higher water…
The movement of molecules and ions ... in and out of a cell thro…
The shrinking of cytoplasm away from the cell wall of a plant…
diffusion
The NET movement of molecules and ions... From an area of their…
Osmosis
The diffusion of WATER molecules... From an area of higher water…
83 terms
AP Biology Chapter 3
isomers
structural isomers
geometric isomers
enantiomers
compounds- same molecular formula, different structural formu…
differ in arrangement of atoms and often in location of doubl…
same covalent bonds, differ in arrangement around double bond
left and right handed (mirror images) of each other
isomers
compounds- same molecular formula, different structural formu…
structural isomers
differ in arrangement of atoms and often in location of doubl…
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