How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "biology chapter 3"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "biology chapter 3"

49 terms
Chapter 3 Biology
active transport
cell wall
central vacuole
chloroplast
the method of transporting material that requires energy
a rigid cell covering made of cellulose in plants, peptidogly…
-plant cell organelle... -storage "sac" for nutrients and water…
a plant cell that carries out photosynthesis
active transport
the method of transporting material that requires energy
cell wall
a rigid cell covering made of cellulose in plants, peptidogly…
41 terms
Biology Concepts - Chapter 3
Definitions 3.1
Condensation
Enzyme
Functional group
...
chemical reaction in which an enzyme builds a large molecule…
organic molecule that speeds up a reaction without being chan…
an atom (other than hydrogen) or a small molecular group bond…
Definitions 3.1
...
Condensation
chemical reaction in which an enzyme builds a large molecule…
51 terms
Biology Study Guide Chapter 3
biosphere
species
population
community
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
All the different populations that live together in an area
biosphere
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
species
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
23 terms
Biology Chapter 3.3-3.5
cell membrane
Phospholipid Bilayer
Phospholipid
Cholesterol
barrier that separates a cell from the external environment
Two layers of phospholipids that make up the cell membrane
A polar (likes water) head made out of glycerol and a phospha…
Inside the phospholipid bilayer, strengthens the membrane
cell membrane
barrier that separates a cell from the external environment
Phospholipid Bilayer
Two layers of phospholipids that make up the cell membrane
34 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 3 Cell Structure and Function
Cell Theory
Cytoplasm
Organelle
Prokaryotic Cell
Theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
Jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
Structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
Cells that DO NOT have a nucleus and other membrane-bound org…
Cell Theory
Theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
Cytoplasm
Jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
100 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Zhang
organic compounds
Why are carbon atoms the lead players…
Isomers
Hydrocarbon
carbon-based molecules that usually contain hydrogen atoms in…
A carbon atom has four electrons in its valence shell that ca…
compounds with the same formula but different structures of a…
composed of carbon and hydrogen. Fats contain hydrocarbon cha…
organic compounds
carbon-based molecules that usually contain hydrogen atoms in…
Why are carbon atoms the lead players…
A carbon atom has four electrons in its valence shell that ca…
34 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 3 Cell Structure and Function
Cell Theory
Cytoplasm
Organelle
Prokaryotic Cell
Theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
Jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
Structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
Cells that DO NOT have a nucleus and other membrane-bound org…
Cell Theory
Theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
Cytoplasm
Jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
37 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Flashcards
cell theory
Hooke
Leeuwenhoek
Schleiden
states that all organisms as made of cells, all existing cell…
the first to identify cells, he named them
he made better microscope lenses that allowed him to observe…
the first to note that plants are made of cells
cell theory
states that all organisms as made of cells, all existing cell…
Hooke
the first to identify cells, he named them
113 terms
Biology 224 - Chapter 3
Vary in size and shape... Have a specific…
Molecules with a chain or ring of carb…
Group(s) of atoms COVALENTLY LINKED to…
Types of Functional Groups:
Molecules
Organic Molecules
Functional Groups
Amino Groups, Carbonyl Groups, Carboxyl Groups, Hydrixyl Grou…
Vary in size and shape... Have a specific…
Molecules
Molecules with a chain or ring of carb…
Organic Molecules
78 terms
Biology Chapter 3
Molecules of Life
Carbon
Organic molecular backbone
Hydrocarbon
Complex carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
"The stuff of life"... Has four vacancies that allow for a versa…
Chain of carbon atoms
Consist only of carbon and hydrogen atoms
Molecules of Life
Complex carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
Carbon
"The stuff of life"... Has four vacancies that allow for a versa…
37 terms
Science Shepherd Biology Chapter 3
amino acid
carbohydrate
carboxylic acid group
dehydration (condensation) synthesis r…
The basic monomeric unit of proteins. These have a general st…
The organic molecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, and oxyg…
A general description of a group of one carbon atom, two oxyg…
The reaction used by organisms to build carbohydrates, protei…
amino acid
The basic monomeric unit of proteins. These have a general st…
carbohydrate
The organic molecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, and oxyg…
55 terms
Chapter 3: Chemistry of Life Holt Biology
Independent variable
Dependent variable
Control
Controlled Variables
the experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable who…
the variable that is measured in an experiment.
Used as a basis for comparison in an experiment
factors that scientists purposely keep the same
Independent variable
the experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable who…
Dependent variable
the variable that is measured in an experiment.
12 terms
Biology chapter 3
Concentration gradient
diffusion
endocytosis
exocytosis
difference in the concentrations of a molecule across two areas
the movement of molecules from an area of high concentration…
the cellular process of capturing a material/substance from o…
the cellular process of secreting materials by vesicle fusion
Concentration gradient
difference in the concentrations of a molecule across two areas
diffusion
the movement of molecules from an area of high concentration…
70 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 3: The Molecules of Cells
hydrophillic
hydrophobic
functional groups
methyl group
water loving, polar, dissolve in water, form hydrogen bonds
"water fearing," non-polar, do not dissolve in water, no hydr…
chemical groups that are reactive, polar, hydrophillic. hydro…
hydrophobic, not reactive, carbon w/3 hydrogens attached, det…
hydrophillic
water loving, polar, dissolve in water, form hydrogen bonds
hydrophobic
"water fearing," non-polar, do not dissolve in water, no hydr…
60 terms
Biology Chapter 3
organic compound
inorganic compound
functional group
monomer
compound made mostly of carbon atoms
compound that usually does not contain carbon atoms
gives different properties to the compounds they attach to
simple molecule that is a subunit of a polymer
organic compound
compound made mostly of carbon atoms
inorganic compound
compound that usually does not contain carbon atoms
49 terms
biology chapter 3
single covalent bond
double covalent bond
triple covalent bond
macromolecule
2 electrons are shared; c-c
4 electrons are shared; c=c
6 electrons are shared
large molecules made by joining together smaller organic mole…
single covalent bond
2 electrons are shared; c-c
double covalent bond
4 electrons are shared; c=c
39 terms
Biology: Chapter 3 Ecology
Ecology
Biosphere
species
population
the scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
all life on earth and all parts of the Earth in which life ex…
a group of similar organisms
a group of individuals that are the same species in the same…
Ecology
the scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
Biosphere
all life on earth and all parts of the Earth in which life ex…
Biology Chapter 3
Biosphere
Biotic Factor
Primary Producer
Decomposer
Part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
Any living part of the environment with which an organism mig…
First producer of energy-rich compounds that are later used b…
Organism that breaks down and obtains energy from dead organi…
Biosphere
Part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
Biotic Factor
Any living part of the environment with which an organism mig…
29 terms
Biology Chapter 3
ecology
biosphere
population
community
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
group of individuals of the same species that live in the sam…
assemblage of different populations that live together in a d…
ecology
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
33 terms
Biology Chapter 3
Cell theory
Cytoplasm
Organelles
Prokaryotic cells
All organisms are made up of cells... All existing cells are pro…
Jelly-like substance that contains dissolved molecular buildi…
Structures specialized to perform distinct processes in a cell
Do not have a nucleus or membrane-bound organelles
Cell theory
All organisms are made up of cells... All existing cells are pro…
Cytoplasm
Jelly-like substance that contains dissolved molecular buildi…
50 terms
BJU Biology Chapter 3
Golgi Apparatus
Lysosome
Cytoskeleton
Centrosome
A membrane-bound organelle that deals with final processing a…
A membrane-bound organelle that contains various hydrolytic e…
The internal structure of cytoplasm; made of microfilaments a…
An area near the nucleus of a cell that functions in the prod…
Golgi Apparatus
A membrane-bound organelle that deals with final processing a…
Lysosome
A membrane-bound organelle that contains various hydrolytic e…
44 terms
biology chapter 3
all cells
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Chromatin
a. Surrounded by a membrane ... b. Contain DNA... c. All have cytop…
contains nearly all the cells DNA and the coded instruction f…
Composed of RNA and Protein; Birthplace of ribosomes
DNA bound to protein
all cells
a. Surrounded by a membrane ... b. Contain DNA... c. All have cytop…
Nucleus
contains nearly all the cells DNA and the coded instruction f…
27 terms
Biology 10 Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Organic compound
Functional group
Monomer
Condensation reaction
a covalently bonded compound that contains carbon
the portion of a molecule that is active in a chemical reacti…
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
A chemical reaction in which two or more molecules combine to…
Organic compound
a covalently bonded compound that contains carbon
Functional group
the portion of a molecule that is active in a chemical reacti…
40 terms
Biology Chapter 3
Amino Acids
NH,2
COOH
Side Chain (R-Group)
the building block of proteins;... only 20;... a central carbon ato…
amino (basic) functional group
carboxyl (acidic) functional group
three variations: electrically charged side chains, polar sid…
Amino Acids
the building block of proteins;... only 20;... a central carbon ato…
NH,2
amino (basic) functional group
39 terms
Biology Chapter 3
anchoring junction
cell junctions
cell membranes
cell theory
Attach adjacent cells to each other or to the extracellular m…
Animal cells - communication between cells; binding of cells…
surround the cell and provide a protective boundary between a…
(biology) the theory that cells form the fundamental structur…
anchoring junction
Attach adjacent cells to each other or to the extracellular m…
cell junctions
Animal cells - communication between cells; binding of cells…
28 terms
Biology Chapter 3 - McElhaney
Amphibian
Arachnid
Arthropod
Bilateral Symmetry
a vertebrate that lives at first in water and then on land
a class of arthropods that includes spiders, scorpions, mites…
a member of the largest group of invertebrates, which include…
a body plan that consists of left and right halves that are t…
Amphibian
a vertebrate that lives at first in water and then on land
Arachnid
a class of arthropods that includes spiders, scorpions, mites…
41 terms
Biology Chapter 3
cell
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Organelles in prokaryote
building block of life... function carried out by organelles... sma…
simple type of cell... every cell starts out as one of these... sma…
started out as prokaryote then evolved (2.1 billion years ago…
cell membrane... cell wall... DNA... organelles ... ribosomes... cytoplasm... p…
cell
building block of life... function carried out by organelles... sma…
Prokaryotes
simple type of cell... every cell starts out as one of these... sma…
34 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Review
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelles
prokaryotic cells
states that all organisms are made of cells; all existing cel…
a jellylike substance that contains dissolved molecular build…
structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
do not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound organelles
cell theory
states that all organisms are made of cells; all existing cel…
cytoplasm
a jellylike substance that contains dissolved molecular build…
33 terms
Chapter 3 Biology
biosphere
species
population
community
Part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
A group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
All the different populations that live together in an area
biosphere
Part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
species
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
34 terms
Biology: Chapter 3 - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
32 terms
Biology Chapter 3
Cytoplasm
Eukaryote
Eukaryotic cell
Nucleus
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
A type of cell that contains a nucleus
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
Cytoplasm
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
Eukaryote
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
38 terms
Chapter 3 Biology
Nutrition... Absorption-
Nutrition... Digestion-
Internal functions... Respiration-
Internal functions... Movement-
turns substances into building blocks for energy
Enzymatic breakdown to become building materials and energy
Breakdown of food=energy
Of cell substances of structures in cell.
Nutrition... Absorption-
turns substances into building blocks for energy
Nutrition... Digestion-
Enzymatic breakdown to become building materials and energy
19 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Vocab
Community
Limiting factor
Ecological succession
Primary succession
Group of interacting populations that live in the same geogra…
Biotic or abiotic factor that restricts the number, distribut…
Process by which one community replaces another community bec…
Establishment of a community in an area of bare rocks or bore…
Community
Group of interacting populations that live in the same geogra…
Limiting factor
Biotic or abiotic factor that restricts the number, distribut…
16 terms
Biology Chapter 3
primary succession
climax community
Secondary Succession
Biome
primary succession takes place on land where there are no liv…
a stable mature community that undergoes little or no change…
Is the sequence of change that takes place after an existed c…
A large group of ecosystems that share the same type of clima…
primary succession
primary succession takes place on land where there are no liv…
climax community
a stable mature community that undergoes little or no change…
40 terms
biology chapter 3
nucleus
nuclear envelope
nuclear pores
DNA
Control group which contains DNA
membrane which surrounds the nucleus as protection
small holes in the nucleus that allow the RNA to leave the nu…
holds the blueprints for making proteins, located inside the…
nucleus
Control group which contains DNA
nuclear envelope
membrane which surrounds the nucleus as protection
33 terms
Pearson Texas Biology: Chapter 3 The Biosphere N. Walker
Biosphere
Species
Population
Community
All life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in which life ex…
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
An assemblage of different populations that live together in…
Biosphere
All life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in which life ex…
Species
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
34 terms
Biology Chapter 3
Cell theory
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Selective permeability
1. Cells are basic unit of life... 2. All living things are made…
No nucleus, no membrane bound organelles, all bacteria, singl…
Has nucleus, organelles, animals, protist, plants, fungi, sin…
Allows some but not all molecules to enter membrane
Cell theory
1. Cells are basic unit of life... 2. All living things are made…
Prokaryotic
No nucleus, no membrane bound organelles, all bacteria, singl…
49 terms
Biology Chapter 3
4 Molecules of Life
Molecules that are "Organic" have
What is the importance of Carbon in Li…
Backbone
-Carbohydrates... -Lipids... -Proteins... -Nucleic Acids
Hydrogen and Carbon atoms
Arieses from its versatile bonding behavior
A chain of carbon atoms... Most organic molecules have this
4 Molecules of Life
-Carbohydrates... -Lipids... -Proteins... -Nucleic Acids
Molecules that are "Organic" have
Hydrogen and Carbon atoms
100 terms
biology chapter 3
organic comounds
- bond to four other atoms... - branch up…
four
hydrocarbons
carbon-based molecules
By sharing electrons, a carbon can
Four covalent bonds link ________ other hydrogen atoms to the…
methane and other compounds composed of only carbon and hydro…
organic comounds
carbon-based molecules
- bond to four other atoms... - branch up…
By sharing electrons, a carbon can
34 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
1. All organisms are made of cells ... 2. All existing cells are…
a jelly-like substance that contains dissolved molecular buil…
structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
cells that do not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound orga…
cell theory
1. All organisms are made of cells ... 2. All existing cells are…
cytoplasm
a jelly-like substance that contains dissolved molecular buil…
19 terms
Biology 7 Chapter 3 Vocabulary
cell
cell membrane
organelle
nucleus
Basic unit of life
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical in…
cell
Basic unit of life
cell membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
29 terms
Biology Chapter 3
states that all organisms are composed…
the smallest units of living matter
the membrane that regulates the moveme…
the fluid inside of the cell
cell theory
cell
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
states that all organisms are composed…
cell theory
the smallest units of living matter
cell
34 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
1. All organisms are made of cells ... 2. All existing cells are…
a jelly-like substance that contains dissolved molecular buil…
structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
cells that do not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound orga…
cell theory
1. All organisms are made of cells ... 2. All existing cells are…
cytoplasm
a jelly-like substance that contains dissolved molecular buil…
39 terms
Chapter 3 Biology
flowers
sepals
petals
stamens
the reproduction parts pf flowering seed plants
leaf like structures attached to the edge of a receptacle
(collectively, corolla) attracts insects
male flower part
flowers
the reproduction parts pf flowering seed plants
sepals
leaf like structures attached to the edge of a receptacle
31 terms
Biology Chapter 3
prokaryote
eukaryote
hypertonic
hypotonic
no nucleus, unicellular
has a nucleus, unicellular or multicellular
more dissolved particles outside the cell. causes cell to shr…
less dissolved particles outside the cell. causes cell to exp…
prokaryote
no nucleus, unicellular
eukaryote
has a nucleus, unicellular or multicellular
69 terms
biology chapter 3
condensation
enzyme
functional group
hydrocarbon
chemical reaction in which an enzyme builds a large from smal…
organic molecule that speeds up a reaction without being chan…
an atom (other than hydrogen) or a small molecular group bond…
compound or region of one that consists only of carbon and hy…
condensation
chemical reaction in which an enzyme builds a large from smal…
enzyme
organic molecule that speeds up a reaction without being chan…
45 terms
biology chapter 3
ex passive
ex active
with the use of energy (ATP)
without the use of energy (ATP)
osmosis diffusion facilitated diffusion
endocytosis exocytosis
active
passive
ex passive
osmosis diffusion facilitated diffusion
ex active
endocytosis exocytosis
91 terms
Biology Chapter 3
cytoskeleton
microtubules
intermediate filaments
microfilaments/actin filaments
made of proteins... provide a framework for the cell and help wi…
made of proteins- part of cytoskeleton... give the cell its shap…
made of proteins... give the cell its strength
made of proteins... help the cell move and supports its shape
cytoskeleton
made of proteins... provide a framework for the cell and help wi…
microtubules
made of proteins- part of cytoskeleton... give the cell its shap…
23 terms
McDougal Littell Biology Chapter 3 Cells
Cell Theory
Cytoplasm
Organelle
prokaryotic
this theory says all organisms are made of cells, all existin…
jelly like substance that contains dissolved molecular buildi…
a specialized structures that perform distinct processes with…
a unicellular organism having cells lacking membrane-bound nu…
Cell Theory
this theory says all organisms are made of cells, all existin…
Cytoplasm
jelly like substance that contains dissolved molecular buildi…
3 of 10