Study sets matching "biology chapter 3"

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Study sets matching "biology chapter 3"

27 terms
Biology 224 Chapter 3
Sulfate Group
Covalent Bond
Sulfhydryl Group
Carbonyl Group
Sulfur + O3 + carbonyl group. Polar SO4
The sharing of one or more pairs of electrons. Polar
Hydrogen + Sulfur. Not polar SH
Double bonded oxygen. Polar =O
Sulfate Group
Sulfur + O3 + carbonyl group. Polar SO4
Covalent Bond
The sharing of one or more pairs of electrons. Polar
Biology Chapter 3.1 Terms
Cell theory
Cytoplasm
Organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to per- form a d…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
Cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
Cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
37 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Flashcards
cell theory
Hooke
Leeuwenhoek
Schleiden
states that all organisms as made of cells, all existing cell…
the first to identify cells, he named them
he made better microscope lenses that allowed him to observe…
the first to note that plants are made of cells
cell theory
states that all organisms as made of cells, all existing cell…
Hooke
the first to identify cells, he named them
100 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Zhang
organic compounds
Why are carbon atoms the lead players…
Isomers
Hydrocarbon
carbon-based molecules that usually contain hydrogen atoms in…
A carbon atom has four electrons in its valence shell that ca…
compounds with the same formula but different structures of a…
composed of carbon and hydrogen. Fats contain hydrocarbon cha…
organic compounds
carbon-based molecules that usually contain hydrogen atoms in…
Why are carbon atoms the lead players…
A carbon atom has four electrons in its valence shell that ca…
Biology Study Guide Chapter 3
biosphere
species
population
community
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
All the different populations that live together in an area
biosphere
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
species
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
53 terms
Biology ch3
The cells 11 tasks
Nutrition-Absorption
Digestion
Release-Excretion
Absorption, digestion, excretion, egestion, secretion, biosyn…
Transportation of the dissolved substances into the cells
Breakdown of substances
Removal of soluble waste
The cells 11 tasks
Absorption, digestion, excretion, egestion, secretion, biosyn…
Nutrition-Absorption
Transportation of the dissolved substances into the cells
23 terms
Biology Chapter 3.3-3.5
cell membrane
Phospholipid Bilayer
Phospholipid
Cholesterol
barrier that separates a cell from the external environment
Two layers of phospholipids that make up the cell membrane
A polar (likes water) head made out of glycerol and a phospha…
Inside the phospholipid bilayer, strengthens the membrane
cell membrane
barrier that separates a cell from the external environment
Phospholipid Bilayer
Two layers of phospholipids that make up the cell membrane
43 terms
Miller & Levine Biology Chapter 3 The Biosphere
ecology (3.1-63)
biosphere (3.1-63)
species (3.1-63)
population (3.1-64)
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
a group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
group of individuals of the same species that live in the sam…
ecology (3.1-63)
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
biosphere (3.1-63)
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
113 terms
Biology 224 - Chapter 3
Vary in size and shape... Have a specific…
Molecules with a chain or ring of carb…
Group(s) of atoms COVALENTLY LINKED to…
Types of Functional Groups:
Molecules
Organic Molecules
Functional Groups
Amino Groups, Carbonyl Groups, Carboxyl Groups, Hydrixyl Grou…
Vary in size and shape... Have a specific…
Molecules
Molecules with a chain or ring of carb…
Organic Molecules
37 terms
Science Shepherd Biology Chapter 3
amino acid
carbohydrate
carboxylic acid group
dehydration (condensation) synthesis r…
The basic monomeric unit of proteins. These have a general st…
The organic molecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, and oxyg…
A general description of a group of one carbon atom, two oxyg…
The reaction used by organisms to build carbohydrates, protei…
amino acid
The basic monomeric unit of proteins. These have a general st…
carbohydrate
The organic molecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, and oxyg…
51 terms
biology chapter 3
single covalent bond
double covalent bond
triple covalent bond
macromolecule
2 electrons are shared; c-c
4 electrons are shared; c=c
6 electrons are shared
large molecules made by joining together smaller organic mole…
single covalent bond
2 electrons are shared; c-c
double covalent bond
4 electrons are shared; c=c
39 terms
Biology Chapter 3
Fertilization
Cortical Reaction
Cleavage
Morula
Joining of sperm and ovum, usually in ampulla of fallopian tu…
Upon penetration, sperm causes release of calcium ions, which…
Early mitotic divisions that result in a larger number of sma…
Solid mass of cells seen in early development
Fertilization
Joining of sperm and ovum, usually in ampulla of fallopian tu…
Cortical Reaction
Upon penetration, sperm causes release of calcium ions, which…
39 terms
Biology Chapter 3
organic molecules
hydrocarbons
functional groups
hydroxyl
contain bonds between C and H
-nonpolar and hydrophobic (becasue electrons are shared equal…
clusters of atoms that can be COVALENTLY BONDED to a hydrocar…
polar
organic molecules
contain bonds between C and H
hydrocarbons
-nonpolar and hydrophobic (becasue electrons are shared equal…
Biology chapter 3
Concentration gradient
diffusion
endocytosis
exocytosis
difference in the concentrations of a molecule across two areas
the movement of molecules from an area of high concentration…
the cellular process of capturing a material/substance from o…
the cellular process of secreting materials by vesicle fusion
Concentration gradient
difference in the concentrations of a molecule across two areas
diffusion
the movement of molecules from an area of high concentration…
41 terms
Biology Concepts - Chapter 3
Definitions 3.1
Condensation
Enzyme
Functional group
...
chemical reaction in which an enzyme builds a large molecule…
organic molecule that speeds up a reaction without being chan…
an atom (other than hydrogen) or a small molecular group bond…
Definitions 3.1
...
Condensation
chemical reaction in which an enzyme builds a large molecule…
78 terms
Biology Chapter 3
Molecules of Life
Carbon
Organic molecular backbone
Hydrocarbon
Complex carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
"The stuff of life"... Has four vacancies that allow for a versa…
Chain of carbon atoms
Consist only of carbon and hydrogen atoms
Molecules of Life
Complex carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
Carbon
"The stuff of life"... Has four vacancies that allow for a versa…
Biology Chapter 3 Terms
Limiting Factor
Tolerance
Weather
Climate
Any abiotic or biotic factor that restricts the numbers, repr…
The ability of any organism to survive when subjected to abio…
The condition of the atmosphere at a specific place and time
The average weather conditions in an area, including temperat…
Limiting Factor
Any abiotic or biotic factor that restricts the numbers, repr…
Tolerance
The ability of any organism to survive when subjected to abio…
Biology Chapter 3
organic compound
inorganic compound
functional group
monomer
compound made mostly of carbon atoms
compound that usually does not contain carbon atoms
gives different properties to the compounds they attach to
simple molecule that is a subunit of a polymer
organic compound
compound made mostly of carbon atoms
inorganic compound
compound that usually does not contain carbon atoms
Biology Chapter 3
Biosphere
Biotic Factor
Primary Producer
Decomposer
Part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
Any living part of the environment with which an organism mig…
First producer of energy-rich compounds that are later used b…
Organism that breaks down and obtains energy from dead organi…
Biosphere
Part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
Biotic Factor
Any living part of the environment with which an organism mig…
44 terms
biology chapter 3
all cells
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Chromatin
a. Surrounded by a membrane ... b. Contain DNA... c. All have cytop…
contains nearly all the cells DNA and the coded instruction f…
Composed of RNA and Protein; Birthplace of ribosomes
DNA bound to protein
all cells
a. Surrounded by a membrane ... b. Contain DNA... c. All have cytop…
Nucleus
contains nearly all the cells DNA and the coded instruction f…
33 terms
Biology Chapter 3
Cell theory
Cytoplasm
Organelles
Prokaryotic cells
All organisms are made up of cells... All existing cells are pro…
Jelly-like substance that contains dissolved molecular buildi…
Structures specialized to perform distinct processes in a cell
Do not have a nucleus or membrane-bound organelles
Cell theory
All organisms are made up of cells... All existing cells are pro…
Cytoplasm
Jelly-like substance that contains dissolved molecular buildi…
biology chapter 3
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelles
prokaryotic cells
>all organisms are made of cells... >all existing cells are prod…
a jellylike substance that contains dissolved molecular build…
structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
do not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound organelles
cell theory
>all organisms are made of cells... >all existing cells are prod…
cytoplasm
a jellylike substance that contains dissolved molecular build…
28 terms
Miller and Levine Biology Chapter 3 Ecology Vocabulary
ecology
biosphere
species
ecosystem
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
all life and all of Earth in which life exists, including lan…
a group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
all the organisms that live in a place, together with their n…
ecology
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
biosphere
all life and all of Earth in which life exists, including lan…
40 terms
Biology Chapter 3
Amino Acids
NH,2
COOH
Side Chain (R-Group)
the building block of proteins;... only 20;... a central carbon ato…
amino (basic) functional group
carboxyl (acidic) functional group
three variations: electrically charged side chains, polar sid…
Amino Acids
the building block of proteins;... only 20;... a central carbon ato…
NH,2
amino (basic) functional group
chapter 3 honors biology
cytoplasm
organelles
prokaryotic cells
eukaryotic cells
a jelly like substance that contains dissolved molecular buil…
structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
do not have a nucleus or other membrane bound organelles. Ins…
have a nucleus and membrane bound organelles.
cytoplasm
a jelly like substance that contains dissolved molecular buil…
organelles
structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
39 terms
Biology Chapter 3
anchoring junction
cell junctions
cell membranes
cell theory
Attach adjacent cells to each other or to the extracellular m…
Animal cells - communication between cells; binding of cells…
surround the cell and provide a protective boundary between a…
(biology) the theory that cells form the fundamental structur…
anchoring junction
Attach adjacent cells to each other or to the extracellular m…
cell junctions
Animal cells - communication between cells; binding of cells…
Biology 10 Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Organic compound
Functional group
Monomer
Condensation reaction
a covalently bonded compound that contains carbon
the portion of a molecule that is active in a chemical reacti…
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
A chemical reaction in which two or more molecules combine to…
Organic compound
a covalently bonded compound that contains carbon
Functional group
the portion of a molecule that is active in a chemical reacti…
37 terms
Biology chapter 3
Cell theory
Cytoplasm
Organelles
Prokaryotic cells
-All organisms are made of cells... -All existing cells are prod…
a jellylike substance that contains dissolved molecular build…
structures specialized to preform distinctive processes withi…
-DO NOT have a nucleus... -DNA is suspended in cytoplasm... -most o…
Cell theory
-All organisms are made of cells... -All existing cells are prod…
Cytoplasm
a jellylike substance that contains dissolved molecular build…
Chapter 3 Biology
biosphere
species
population
community
Part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
A group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
All the different populations that live together in an area
biosphere
Part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
species
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
55 terms
Chapter 3: Chemistry of Life Holt Biology
Independent variable
Dependent variable
Control
Controlled Variables
the experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable who…
the variable that is measured in an experiment.
Used as a basis for comparison in an experiment
factors that scientists purposely keep the same
Independent variable
the experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable who…
Dependent variable
the variable that is measured in an experiment.
Biology: Chapter 3 Ecology
Ecology
Biosphere
species
population
the scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
all life on earth and all parts of the Earth in which life ex…
a group of similar organisms
a group of individuals that are the same species in the same…
Ecology
the scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
Biosphere
all life on earth and all parts of the Earth in which life ex…
Biology Chapter 3
Cytoplasm
Eukaryote
Eukaryotic cell
Nucleus
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
A type of cell that contains a nucleus
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
Cytoplasm
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
Eukaryote
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Biology Chapter 3
ecology
biosphere
population
community
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
group of individuals of the same species that live in the sam…
assemblage of different populations that live together in a d…
ecology
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
34 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Review
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelles
prokaryotic cells
states that all organisms are made of cells; all existing cel…
a jellylike substance that contains dissolved molecular build…
structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
do not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound organelles
cell theory
states that all organisms are made of cells; all existing cel…
cytoplasm
a jellylike substance that contains dissolved molecular build…
43 terms
Biology: Chapter 3 - The Biosphere
Biosphere
What is ecology?
Ecology
Species
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
Ecology is the scientific study of interactions among organis…
The study of interactions of organisms in the biosphere.
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
Biosphere
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in w…
What is ecology?
Ecology is the scientific study of interactions among organis…
Chapter 3 Biology
Nutrition... Absorption-
Nutrition... Digestion-
Internal functions... Respiration-
Internal functions... Movement-
turns substances into building blocks for energy
Enzymatic breakdown to become building materials and energy
Breakdown of food=energy
Of cell substances of structures in cell.
Nutrition... Absorption-
turns substances into building blocks for energy
Nutrition... Digestion-
Enzymatic breakdown to become building materials and energy
Miller and Levine Biology Chapter 3 Vocab
biosphere
species
population
community
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile…
group of individuals of the same species that live in the sam…
assemblage of different populations that live together in a d…
biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
species
group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile…
Biology Chapter 3 Vocab
Community
Limiting factor
Ecological succession
Primary succession
Group of interacting populations that live in the same geogra…
Biotic or abiotic factor that restricts the number, distribut…
Process by which one community replaces another community bec…
Establishment of a community in an area of bare rocks or bore…
Community
Group of interacting populations that live in the same geogra…
Limiting factor
Biotic or abiotic factor that restricts the number, distribut…
70 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 3: The Molecules of Cells
hydrophillic
hydrophobic
functional groups
methyl group
water loving, polar, dissolve in water, form hydrogen bonds
"water fearing," non-polar, do not dissolve in water, no hydr…
chemical groups that are reactive, polar, hydrophillic. hydro…
hydrophobic, not reactive, carbon w/3 hydrogens attached, det…
hydrophillic
water loving, polar, dissolve in water, form hydrogen bonds
hydrophobic
"water fearing," non-polar, do not dissolve in water, no hydr…
34 terms
Biology: Chapter 3 - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
Biology Chapter 3 - McElhaney
Amphibian
Arachnid
Arthropod
Bilateral Symmetry
a vertebrate that lives at first in water and then on land
a class of arthropods that includes spiders, scorpions, mites…
a member of the largest group of invertebrates, which include…
a body plan that consists of left and right halves that are t…
Amphibian
a vertebrate that lives at first in water and then on land
Arachnid
a class of arthropods that includes spiders, scorpions, mites…
38 terms
Chapter 3 - Biology
biosphere
species
population
communities
the regions of the surface, atmosphere, and hydrosphere of th…
a group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals…
A group of organisms of one species that interbreed and live…
an interacting group of various species in a common location.
biosphere
the regions of the surface, atmosphere, and hydrosphere of th…
species
a group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals…
10 terms
Biology Chapter 3 Vocab
Ecology
Biosphere
Species
Ecosystem
the branch of biology that deals with the relations of organi…
the regions of the surface, atmosphere, and hydrosphere of th…
a group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals
a biological community of interacting organisms and their phy…
Ecology
the branch of biology that deals with the relations of organi…
Biosphere
the regions of the surface, atmosphere, and hydrosphere of th…
94 terms
chapter 3 biology
cellular differentiation
specialized cells
gamete
contents of cytoplasm
process of creating specialized cells
have particular duties (blood - oxygen)
sperm and egg fertilize into one cell
number and type of organelles. neurons have more mitochondria…
cellular differentiation
process of creating specialized cells
specialized cells
have particular duties (blood - oxygen)
41 terms
Biology Chapter 3
cell theory
cytoplasm
eukaryotic cell
Microscope
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jelly like substances inside cells that contains molecules an…
cell that has a nucleus and other membrane- bound organelles.
A tool used for viewing very small objects, such as animal or…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jelly like substances inside cells that contains molecules an…
33 terms
Pearson Texas Biology: Chapter 3 The Biosphere N. Walker
Biosphere
Species
Population
Community
All life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in which life ex…
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
An assemblage of different populations that live together in…
Biosphere
All life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in which life ex…
Species
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
Chapter 3- Biology
Biosphere
Species
Population
Community
Part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
Group of individuals of the same species that live in the sam…
Assemblage of different populations that live together in a d…
Biosphere
Part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
Species
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
45 terms
biology chapter 3
ex passive
ex active
with the use of energy (ATP)
without the use of energy (ATP)
osmosis diffusion facilitated diffusion
endocytosis exocytosis
active
passive
ex passive
osmosis diffusion facilitated diffusion
ex active
endocytosis exocytosis
91 terms
Biology Chapter 3
cytoskeleton
microtubules
intermediate filaments
microfilaments/actin filaments
made of proteins... provide a framework for the cell and help wi…
made of proteins- part of cytoskeleton... give the cell its shap…
made of proteins... give the cell its strength
made of proteins... help the cell move and supports its shape
cytoskeleton
made of proteins... provide a framework for the cell and help wi…
microtubules
made of proteins- part of cytoskeleton... give the cell its shap…
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