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Study sets matching "biology chapter 32"

Biology, Chapter 32.3, The Muscular System
smooth muscle
involuntary muscle
cardiac muscle
skeletal muscle
lines many hollow internal organs such as the stomach, intest…
muscle that cannot be controlled consciously
involuntary muscle present only in the heart
muscles attached to bones by tendons and when tightened, or c…
smooth muscle
lines many hollow internal organs such as the stomach, intest…
involuntary muscle
muscle that cannot be controlled consciously
Biology, Chapter 32.2, The Skeletal System
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
compact bone
osteocyte
includes the skull, the vertebral column, the ribs and the st…
includes the bones of the shoulders, arms, hands, hips, legs…
outer layer of all bones; dense and strong; provides strength…
living bone cells
axial skeleton
includes the skull, the vertebral column, the ribs and the st…
appendicular skeleton
includes the bones of the shoulders, arms, hands, hips, legs…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 32
Cleavage
Blastula
Gastrulation
Gastrula
- The process after a sperm fertilizes an egg, the zygote und…
- An embryo that has over 100 cells after Clevage has taken p…
- A process that takes place when cells migrate to the interi…
- Embryo at this stage has different layers of embryonic tiss…
Cleavage
- The process after a sperm fertilizes an egg, the zygote und…
Blastula
- An embryo that has over 100 cells after Clevage has taken p…
27 terms
Keys Biology: Chapter 32
Mammary Gland
Subcutaneous Fat
Rumen
Diaphragm
Specialized organs in mammals that produce milk to nourish th…
fat stored directly under the skin
stomach chamber in cows and related animals in which newly sw…
Large, flat muscle at the bottom of the chest cavity that hel…
Mammary Gland
Specialized organs in mammals that produce milk to nourish th…
Subcutaneous Fat
fat stored directly under the skin
50 terms
Biology chapter 32
eukaryotic cells, multicellular, no ce…
heterotrophic
morula
blastula
what are the four essential features/ characteristics of anim…
term for taking in pre- formed organic molecules by ingestion…
solid ball of cells
hollowed out cell
eukaryotic cells, multicellular, no ce…
what are the four essential features/ characteristics of anim…
heterotrophic
term for taking in pre- formed organic molecules by ingestion…
78 terms
Biology Chapter 32 Study Guide
Cytoskeleton
Unicellular organism
Multicellular Organisms
Exoskeleton
a structure that helps cells maintain their shape and interna…
An organism made up of one cell.
Organism made up of many cells
skeleton the outside of the body that supports the body
Cytoskeleton
a structure that helps cells maintain their shape and interna…
Unicellular organism
An organism made up of one cell.
42 terms
Chapter 32 Biology
Collagen
Cleavage
Blastula
Gastrulation
Most abundant protein in animals, not found in plants or fungi
A succession of mitotic cell divisions WITHOUT cell growth be…
Multicellular stage where animal takes the form of a hollow b…
Stage following the blastula stage. During which the layers o…
Collagen
Most abundant protein in animals, not found in plants or fungi
Cleavage
A succession of mitotic cell divisions WITHOUT cell growth be…
11 terms
Chapter 32.1 Biology
Concept 32.1
Characteristics of Animals
Nutritional Mode
Cell Structure and Specialization
-animals are multicellular, heterotrophic eukaryotes with tis…
-nutritional mode... -cell structure and specialization ... -reprod…
-plants are autotrophs... -fungi are heterotrophs (absorption)... -…
-proteins external to the cell membrane provide structural su…
Concept 32.1
-animals are multicellular, heterotrophic eukaryotes with tis…
Characteristics of Animals
-nutritional mode... -cell structure and specialization ... -reprod…
26 terms
Biology Chapter 32: Fungi
Hyphae
Mycelium
Gametangia
Karyogamy
The many small underground threads that make a fungus. The ce…
The mass of connected hyphae which make up the fungi. ... They…
Where two hyphae meet. This is called plasmogamy.
The action of two Dikaryotic cell nuclei fusing together whic…
Hyphae
The many small underground threads that make a fungus. The ce…
Mycelium
The mass of connected hyphae which make up the fungi. ... They…
95 terms
Biology II, Chapter 32
Most animals are mobile and use traits…
Animals are...
Nutritional mode of animals
Cell structure
...strength, speed, toxins, or camouflage to detect, capture,…
...multicellular, heterotrophic eukaryotes with tissues that…
Heterotrophs that ingest their food
Cells lack cell walls. Bodies are held together by structural…
Most animals are mobile and use traits…
...strength, speed, toxins, or camouflage to detect, capture,…
Animals are...
...multicellular, heterotrophic eukaryotes with tissues that…
22 terms
Nowicki Biology Chapter 32
mineral
vitamin
calorie
digestion
inorganic material, such as calcium, iron, potassium, sodium,…
organic molecule that works with enzymes to regulate cell fun…
measure of energy released from digesting food; one calorie e…
process by which large, complex molecules are broken down int…
mineral
inorganic material, such as calcium, iron, potassium, sodium,…
vitamin
organic molecule that works with enzymes to regulate cell fun…
56 terms
Chapter 32 Biology
anal fin
appendicular skeleton
artery
atrium
medial fin near the anus of a fish
the bones extending from the axial skeleton
a vessel that carries blood away from the heart
the anterior chamber of the heart
anal fin
medial fin near the anus of a fish
appendicular skeleton
the bones extending from the axial skeleton
13 terms
Biology Chapter 32
Open System
Closed System
Heart
Veins
interstitial fluid free in body
vessels
four chambers / 2 loops
carry deoxygenated blood towards heart
Open System
interstitial fluid free in body
Closed System
vessels
112 terms
Biology Chapter 32
animal
vertebrates
invertebrates
specialization
multicellular, heterotrophic, organisms that lack cell walls
group of animals that have a backbone
animals that do not have a backbone
the evolutionary adaptation of a cell for a particular function
animal
multicellular, heterotrophic, organisms that lack cell walls
vertebrates
group of animals that have a backbone
27 terms
Biology - Chapter 32 Vocabulary
epidermis
keratin
melanin
dermis
Outer superficial layer of skin. Epidermis is as thick as a p…
Protein which waterproofs and protects the cells and tissues…
A pigment that absorbs light energy (which protects deeper ce…
Second layer of skin. 15 - 40 times thicker than the epidermis.
epidermis
Outer superficial layer of skin. Epidermis is as thick as a p…
keratin
Protein which waterproofs and protects the cells and tissues…
56 terms
Biology Chapter 32
accessory fruit
aggregate fruit
aleurone
androecium
fruit derived from tissues other than the ovary
fruit that develops from multiple carpels in the same flower
single layer of cells just inside the seed cost that secretes…
sum of all the stamens in a flower
accessory fruit
fruit derived from tissues other than the ovary
aggregate fruit
fruit that develops from multiple carpels in the same flower
49 terms
Biology Chapter 32
animal
vertebrate
invertebrate
specialization
the classification kingdom containing complex, multicellular…
an animal that has a backbone; includes mammals, birds, repti…
an animal that does not have a backbone
the evolutionary adaptation of a cell, organ, organism, or po…
animal
the classification kingdom containing complex, multicellular…
vertebrate
an animal that has a backbone; includes mammals, birds, repti…
6 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 32
animals
larva
metamorphosis
radial symmetry
multicellular, heterotrophic eukaryotes with tissues develope…
A free-living, sexually immature form in some animal life cyc…
the marked and rapid transformation of a larva into a juvenil…
body plan in which body parts repeat around the center of the…
animals
multicellular, heterotrophic eukaryotes with tissues develope…
larva
A free-living, sexually immature form in some animal life cyc…
60 terms
Biology Chapter 32
Animal kingdom
Multicelluar, heterotrophic eukaryotes
Ingestion heterotrophs... Extracellular d…
Eukaryotic... Develop from 2-3 embryonic…
The ______ _______ extends far beyond humans and other animal…
Animals are ____________, __________ ________ with tissues th…
How do animals get their nutrition?... What type of digestion?
Are animals eukaryotic or prokaryotic?... How do they develop?
Animal kingdom
The ______ _______ extends far beyond humans and other animal…
Multicelluar, heterotrophic eukaryotes
Animals are ____________, __________ ________ with tissues th…
23 terms
RLCA Biology Chapter 32
Mammals
Characteristics found in mammals and s…
3 main groups of mammals
Rumen
characterized by mammary glands and hair
endotherm; 4 chambered heart; breathe air
monotremes; marsupials; placentals
part of digestive system; contains symbiotic bacteria to help…
Mammals
characterized by mammary glands and hair
Characteristics found in mammals and s…
endotherm; 4 chambered heart; breathe air
44 terms
Biology II: Chapter 32
Animals
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Diploblastic
Multicellular, heterotrophic, eukaryotes with tissues that de…
Make their own food (photosynthesis)
must obtain food from a source
Two germ layers... Endoderm and Ectoderm
Animals
Multicellular, heterotrophic, eukaryotes with tissues that de…
Autotrophs
Make their own food (photosynthesis)
58 terms
Biology Chapter 32 Locomotion
Smooth
Skin
What are functions of the skin?
Epidermis
Found in the internal organs and blood vessels (involuntary)
Outer protective layer; largest organ
Barrier against infection and injury, regulates body temperat…
Outer layer of the skin; made up of dead cells; comes in cont…
Smooth
Found in the internal organs and blood vessels (involuntary)
Skin
Outer protective layer; largest organ
73 terms
Biology Chapter 32 & 33
Blood contained inside vessels at all…
True body cavity surrounded completely…
Respiratory strucutre used by terrestr…
Organisms that have an internal skelet…
closed circulatory
coelom
lungs
endoskeleton
Blood contained inside vessels at all…
closed circulatory
True body cavity surrounded completely…
coelom
17 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 32
animals
vertebrate
invertebrate
ingestion
Multicellular heterotrophic organisms that lack cell walls.
An animal that has a backbone.
An animal that does not have a backbone.
When an animal takes in organic material or food, usually in…
animals
Multicellular heterotrophic organisms that lack cell walls.
vertebrate
An animal that has a backbone.
41 terms
Biology II-Chapter 32
Animal are multicellular, heterotrophi…
Nutritional Mode
Animal Cell Structure and Specialization
Tissues
-There are exceptions to nearly every criterion for distingui…
Animals are heterotrophs that ingest their food
-Animals are multicellular eukaryotes... -Their cells lack cell…
are groups of cells that have a common structure, function, o…
Animal are multicellular, heterotrophi…
-There are exceptions to nearly every criterion for distingui…
Nutritional Mode
Animals are heterotrophs that ingest their food
79 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 32
vertebrates
cleavage
animal characteristics
differentiation leads to...
have vertebral columns protecting spinal chord(backbone)... brai…
rapid mitotic division of zygote
multicellular, eukaryotic cells, heterotrophic
specialization
vertebrates
have vertebral columns protecting spinal chord(backbone)... brai…
cleavage
rapid mitotic division of zygote
41 terms
Biology Chapter 32
Arteries
Arteries
Arterioles
Capillaries
carry blood away from the heart
(have thick walls and those that are attached to the heart ar…
small arteries
permit exchange of materials with tissues
Arteries
carry blood away from the heart
Arteries
(have thick walls and those that are attached to the heart ar…
34 terms
Biology in Focus Chapter 32 - Vree
anatomy
physiology
tissues
organs
Biological form
Biological function
Cells combine in terms of function and type to form this
A structure consisting of several tissues adapted as a group…
anatomy
Biological form
physiology
Biological function
Chapter 32 Modern Biology Shropshire
animal
vertebrate
invertebrate
specialization
multicellular heterotrophic organisms that lack cell walls
animal with backbone
animals without a backbone
evolutionary adaptation of a cell for a particular function
animal
multicellular heterotrophic organisms that lack cell walls
vertebrate
animal with backbone
26 terms
Glencoe Biology Chapter 32
epidermis
keratin
melanin
dermis
in humans and some other animals, the outer superficial layer…
protein contained in the skin's outer epidermal cells that wa…
pigment in the inner layer of the epidermis that protects aga…
skin layer beneath the epidermis; contains nerve cells, muscl…
epidermis
in humans and some other animals, the outer superficial layer…
keratin
protein contained in the skin's outer epidermal cells that wa…
34 terms
Biology Chapter 32 - Plant Responses
stimulus
response
structures required for response
external factors for flowering plant r…
A stimulus is any change in the environment that causes a rea…
A response is the activity of a cell or organism as a result…
~A chemical or hormonal system.... ~An immune or defense system.…
~Light affects growth by providing energy for photosynthesis.…
stimulus
A stimulus is any change in the environment that causes a rea…
response
A response is the activity of a cell or organism as a result…
8 terms
Biology Chapter 32 - Mammals
Placenta
Placental mammals
Marsupial mammals
Monotremes
Place where nourishment of the young in the uterus occurs; pa…
Mammals that give birth to young that have developed inside t…
Mammals in which the young spend a short period of developmen…
Placenta
Place where nourishment of the young in the uterus occurs; pa…
Placental mammals
Mammals that give birth to young that have developed inside t…
129 terms
Biology Chapter 32 Study Guide
Skull
Mandible
Cervical Vertebrae
Thoracic Vertebrae
Skull
Mandible
44 terms
Science Shepherd Biology Chapter 32
alveolus (plural: alveoli)
aorta
atrioventricular node (A-V node)
blood
The air sac at the end of the bronchioles where gas exchange…
The main artery, which carries blood directly out of the heart.
A bundle of cells between the atria and the ventricles that c…
A connective tissue made of a mixture of plasma, white blood…
alveolus (plural: alveoli)
The air sac at the end of the bronchioles where gas exchange…
aorta
The main artery, which carries blood directly out of the heart.
82 terms
Biology 2 Chapter 32 Vocabulary
Animals
Vertabrates
Invertebrates
Specialization
multicellular heterotrophic organisms that lack cell walls
Animals that have a backbone
Animals that don't have a backbone
the evolutionary adaptation of a cell for a particular function
Animals
multicellular heterotrophic organisms that lack cell walls
Vertabrates
Animals that have a backbone
73 terms
Chapter 32 Biology 1620
How many extant (living) species of an…
General features of animals are... (2…
Listing features shared by all animals…
What are the 3 characteristics of anim…
1.3 million extant (living) species of animals. Estimates off…
1. Animals are multi-cellular... 2. Heterotrophic eukaryotes Wit…
As there are exceptions to nearly every criterion for disting…
1. Nutritional Mode.... 2. Cell structure and specialization.... 3.…
How many extant (living) species of an…
1.3 million extant (living) species of animals. Estimates off…
General features of animals are... (2…
1. Animals are multi-cellular... 2. Heterotrophic eukaryotes Wit…
69 terms
Biology in Focus Chapter 32
anatomy
physiology
tissues
organs
Biological form
Biological function
Cells combine in terms of function and type to form this
A structure consisting of several tissues adapted as a group…
anatomy
Biological form
physiology
Biological function
48 terms
Science Shepherd Biology Chapter 32
Alveolus
Aorta
Aortic valve
Atrioventricular node (A-V node)
Air sac at the end of the bronchioles where gas exchange take…
The main artery, which carries blood out of the heart
Valve between the aorta and the left ventricle that prevents…
A bundle of cells between the atria and the ventricles that c…
Alveolus
Air sac at the end of the bronchioles where gas exchange take…
Aorta
The main artery, which carries blood out of the heart
127 terms
Biology Chapter 32
cytoskeleton
unicellular
multicellular
exoskeleton
a structure that fills the cytoplasm of a cell. This both act…
one cell, one cytoskeleton
more than one cell, multiple cytoskeletons
external skeleton of arthropods, or invertebrates; example: b…
cytoskeleton
a structure that fills the cytoplasm of a cell. This both act…
unicellular
one cell, one cytoskeleton
26 terms
Biology 1407 Chapter 32
Acoelomate
Archenteron
Bilateral Symmetry
Blastopore
no body cavity
is formed during gastrulation, which eventually becomes the g…
divided along vertical plane at midline to create 2 equal hal…
indentation that forms from the archenteron during gastrulation
Acoelomate
no body cavity
Archenteron
is formed during gastrulation, which eventually becomes the g…
37 terms
Holt Modern Biology Chapter 32
Gill
Germ Layer
Exoskeleton
Dorsal
In aquatic animals, a respiratory structure that consists of…
One of the layers of tissue that develop in the embryos of al…
A hard, external, supporting structure that develops from the…
Lying on or near the back
Gill
In aquatic animals, a respiratory structure that consists of…
Germ Layer
One of the layers of tissue that develop in the embryos of al…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 32 Vocabulary
Minerals
Vitamins
Calorie
Digestion
Inorganic materials the body uses to carry out processes in c…
organic molecules that work with enzymes to regulate cell fun…
equals 1,000 calories
Process by which the large complex molecules that can be used…
Minerals
Inorganic materials the body uses to carry out processes in c…
Vitamins
organic molecules that work with enzymes to regulate cell fun…
52 terms
Campbell Biology chapter 32
Animals are
Animals are (2 words)
Tissues are
Most animals reproduce
Heterotrophs that ingest their food
multicellular eukaryotes
groups of similar cells that act as a functional unit.
sexualy
Animals are
Heterotrophs that ingest their food
Animals are (2 words)
multicellular eukaryotes
42 terms
Chapter 32 Modern Biology
Invertebrates
Specialization
Heterotrophy
Ingestion
animals without backbones, account for more than 95% of all a…
evolutionary adaptation of a cell for a particular function
must obtain complex organic molecules from other sources.
the taking in of organic materials
Invertebrates
animals without backbones, account for more than 95% of all a…
Specialization
evolutionary adaptation of a cell for a particular function
62 terms
Biology chapter 32 musculoskeletal system
carpals (8)
metacarpals
phalanges
radius
carpals (8)
metacarpals
25 terms
Biology Chapter 32
Phylum hemichordates
Phylum Echinoderm
What are the classes under Phylum Echi…
Asteroidea
These organism have a 3 part body which includes a proboscis,…
"Spiny Skin" ... Gas exchange is done through the skin. ... Water V…
Asteroidea (sea stars), Ophiuroidea (brittle stars), Echinoid…
These creatures have central with 5 tubed feet protruding fro…
Phylum hemichordates
These organism have a 3 part body which includes a proboscis,…
Phylum Echinoderm
"Spiny Skin" ... Gas exchange is done through the skin. ... Water V…
29 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 32 Vocab
characteristics of mammals
mammary glands
how mammals maintain homeostatis
subcutaneous fat
mammary glands, hair, four-chambered heart, breathes air, end…
glands that produce milk to nourish the young
hair and subcutaneous fat helps conserve body heat, sweating…
layer of fat cells beneath the skin that helps conserve body…
characteristics of mammals
mammary glands, hair, four-chambered heart, breathes air, end…
mammary glands
glands that produce milk to nourish the young
92 terms
Biology Chapter 32
Cytoskeleton
Unicellular Organism
Multicellular Organism
Exoskeleton
- a protein based microscopic network that gives cells shape…
- has a cytoskeleton that provides structural support for the…
- each individual cell has its own cytoskeleton ... - the organi…
- external skeletons of anthropoids... - Example: lobster or gra…
Cytoskeleton
- a protein based microscopic network that gives cells shape…
Unicellular Organism
- has a cytoskeleton that provides structural support for the…
17 terms
Biology Chapter 32 - Mammals
diaphragm
endotherm
gland
gestation
sheet of muscle located beneath the lungs that separates the…
animal that maintains a constant body temperature and is not…
cell or group of cells that secrete fluids
time during which placental mammals develop inside the uterus
diaphragm
sheet of muscle located beneath the lungs that separates the…
endotherm
animal that maintains a constant body temperature and is not…
26 terms
Miller-Levine Biology Chapter 32 Vocab
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Haversian Canal
Bone Marrow
Supports the central axis of the body, consists of skull, ver…
Bones of appendages.
Compact bone channels for nerves and blood vessels.
A soft tissue used either for fat storage or production of re…
Axial Skeleton
Supports the central axis of the body, consists of skull, ver…
Appendicular Skeleton
Bones of appendages.
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