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36 terms
Biology-Chapter 38 Vocabulary
epiphysis
Diaphysis
Articular Cartilage
Periosteum
The end of a large bone, seperated from the diaphysis by the…
The shaft of a long bone which resists bending forces... 骨干
Keeps the end of the bone from rubbing on the other bones con…
Covers the rest of the bone in a sheath which is near impossi…
epiphysis
The end of a large bone, seperated from the diaphysis by the…
Diaphysis
The shaft of a long bone which resists bending forces... 骨干
27 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 38 Vocabulary
Neuron
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Brain
A nerve cell that is specialized to receive and conduct elect…
The brain and the spinal chord
All of the parts of the nervous system except for the brain a…
The mass of nervous tissue that is the main control center of…
Neuron
A nerve cell that is specialized to receive and conduct elect…
Central Nervous System
The brain and the spinal chord
34 terms
AP Biology Chapter 38 Vocabulary
Carbon Monoxide
Respiration
Respiratory Surface
Respiratory Protiens
CO; colorless, odorless gas; fills up oxygen binding site on…
process by which an animal exchanges oxygen and carbon dioxid…
thin, moist layer that dissolves the gasses
contain one or more metal ions that reversibly bind to oxygen…
Carbon Monoxide
CO; colorless, odorless gas; fills up oxygen binding site on…
Respiration
process by which an animal exchanges oxygen and carbon dioxid…
117 terms
Biology Chapter 38
abduction
acetylcholinesterase
actin
adduction
when a bone moves away from midline of the body
(AChE) enzyme that breaks down ACh into acetyl and choline
globular contractile protein that interacts with myosin for m…
movement of the limbs inward after abduction
abduction
when a bone moves away from midline of the body
acetylcholinesterase
(AChE) enzyme that breaks down ACh into acetyl and choline
26 terms
Biology Chapter 38 Vocabulary
calorie
carbohydrate
fat
protein
term used by scientists to measure the energy stored in foods…
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
lipid; made up of fatty acids and glycerol; protects body org…
macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nit…
calorie
term used by scientists to measure the energy stored in foods…
carbohydrate
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
33 terms
Biology Chapter 38 Vocabulary
Inhabit marine environments ranging fr…
coelomates whose embryos have radial c…
When the body parts extend from the ce…
Echinoderms have an endoskeleton compo…
Echinoderms
Deuterostomes
Pentaradial symmetry
Ossicles
Inhabit marine environments ranging fr…
Echinoderms
coelomates whose embryos have radial c…
Deuterostomes
28 terms
Biology Chapter 38 Vocabulary
calorie
Calorie
vitamins
minerals
amount of energy required to heat one gram of water by one de…
term used by scientists to measure the energy stored in foods…
organic molecule that helps regulate body processes
inorganic nutrients the body needs, usually in small amounts
calorie
amount of energy required to heat one gram of water by one de…
Calorie
term used by scientists to measure the energy stored in foods…
27 terms
Biology chapter 38 vocabulary
neuron
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
brain
a nerve cell that is specialized to receive and conduct elect…
the brain and the spinal cord; its main function is to contro…
all of the parts of the nervous system except for the brain a…
the mass of nerve tissue that is the main control center of t…
neuron
a nerve cell that is specialized to receive and conduct elect…
central nervous system
the brain and the spinal cord; its main function is to contro…
18 terms
Biology Chapter 38 vocabulary
calorie
Amylase
esophagus
Peristalsis
the amount of heat needed to raise the temp of 1 gram of wate…
enzyme that breaks chemical bonds in starches
the tube in which the food from the pharynx goes to
contractions of the smooth muscles that move food down the st…
calorie
the amount of heat needed to raise the temp of 1 gram of wate…
Amylase
enzyme that breaks chemical bonds in starches
61 terms
Biology Chapter 38
Calorie
carbohydrates
fats
proteins
equal to 1000 calories, or 1 kilocalorie
main source of energy for the body
formed from fatty acids and glycerol
supply raw materials for growth and repair of structures such…
Calorie
equal to 1000 calories, or 1 kilocalorie
carbohydrates
main source of energy for the body
25 terms
Biology Chapter 38 Vocabulary
Allantois
Amnion
Amniote Egg
Autotomy
membrane storing nitrogen containing waste
thin membrane inclosing fluid
four membrane egg
ability to regenerate body parts
Allantois
membrane storing nitrogen containing waste
Amnion
thin membrane inclosing fluid
39 terms
biology chapter 38
Any group of individuals, usually of a…
Define Ecology
First characteristic of population eco…
Second characteristic of population ec…
population
Study of how organisms relate to one another and to their env…
Population range, area throughout which a population occurs
Pattern of spacing of individuals
Any group of individuals, usually of a…
population
Define Ecology
Study of how organisms relate to one another and to their env…
Chapter 38 Biology
epiglottis
cardiac sphincter
heartburn
mucus
flap of connective tissue that covers the trachea to not bloc…
closes the esophagus after food has passed into the stomach a…
painful burning sensation that feels as if it is coming from…
protects the stomach wall so the acid won't burn holes through
epiglottis
flap of connective tissue that covers the trachea to not bloc…
cardiac sphincter
closes the esophagus after food has passed into the stomach a…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 38 Vocabulary
Biodiversity Hot Spots
Biological Magnification
Conservation Biology
Ecotourism
a ___________________ is a biogeographic region with signific…
often refers to the process whereby certain substances such a…
is the scientific study of nature and of Earths biodiversity…
tourism directed toward exotic, often threatened, natural env…
Biodiversity Hot Spots
a ___________________ is a biogeographic region with signific…
Biological Magnification
often refers to the process whereby certain substances such a…
8 terms
Chapter 38 Biology Vocabulary
hair
alveolus
mammary gland
weaning
filament composed mainly of dead cells filled with the protei…
air sac in the lung (allows gas exchange)
Specialized organs in mammals that produce milk to nourish th…
Separating the doe and the young so that the young can no lon…
hair
filament composed mainly of dead cells filled with the protei…
alveolus
air sac in the lung (allows gas exchange)
35 terms
Chapter 38 Vocabulary Biology
ossicle
5 classes in Echinodermata
Genus name of starfish
Largest class
calcium carbonate plates that make up the endoskeleton
1. Crinoidea... 2. Ophiuroidea ... 3. Echinoidea... 4. Holothuroidea…
Asterias
Ophiuroidea
ossicle
calcium carbonate plates that make up the endoskeleton
5 classes in Echinodermata
1. Crinoidea... 2. Ophiuroidea ... 3. Echinoidea... 4. Holothuroidea…
50 terms
Biology Chapter 38 Vocabulary
calorie
Calorie
vitamins
minerals
amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of w…
1000 calories or 1 kilo-calorie
organic molecules that help regulate body processes, often wo…
inorganic nutrient that the body needs
calorie
amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of w…
Calorie
1000 calories or 1 kilo-calorie
Chapter 38 biology vocabulary
Echinoderm
Ossicle
Water vascular system
Tube feet
Members of phylum of groups of invertebrates
And endoskeleton composed of calcium carbonate
A network of water filled canals inside the body
Small Muegel extensions of the water vascular system
Echinoderm
Members of phylum of groups of invertebrates
Ossicle
And endoskeleton composed of calcium carbonate
18 terms
Chapter 38 biology vocabulary
echinoderm
ossicle
water-vascular system
tube foot
The members of phylum Echinodermata
They have an endoskeleton composed of calcium carbonate plates
which is a network of water-filled canals inside their body.
They have many small, mov- able extensions of the water-vascu…
echinoderm
The members of phylum Echinodermata
ossicle
They have an endoskeleton composed of calcium carbonate plates
36 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 38
Epiphysis
Diaphysis
Articular Cartilage
Periosteum
The end of a long bone
The shaft of a long bone
Covers end of bones to prevent friction
Tough layer of connective tissue surrounding a bone
Epiphysis
The end of a long bone
Diaphysis
The shaft of a long bone
36 terms
Chapter 38 Biology Vocabulary
Epiphysis
Diaphysis
Articular Cartilage
Periosteum
the end part of a long bone, initially growing separately fro…
the shaft or central part of a long bone.
Articular cartilage is the smooth, white tissue that covers t…
a dense layer of vascular connective tissue enveloping the bo…
Epiphysis
the end part of a long bone, initially growing separately fro…
Diaphysis
the shaft or central part of a long bone.
27 terms
biology chapter 38 vocabulary
echinoderms
ossicle
echinoderm
water vascular system
inhabit marine environments ranging from shallow coastal wate…
endoskeleton composed of calcium carbonate plates known as
spiny skin
a network of water-filled canals inside their body
echinoderms
inhabit marine environments ranging from shallow coastal wate…
ossicle
endoskeleton composed of calcium carbonate plates known as
Chapter 38 Biology
epiglottis
cardiac sphincter
heartburn
mucus
flap of connective tissue that covers the trachea to not bloc…
closes the esophagus after food has passed into the stomach a…
caused by the backflow of stomach acid, overeating or drinkin…
protects the stomach wall so the acid won't burn holes through
epiglottis
flap of connective tissue that covers the trachea to not bloc…
cardiac sphincter
closes the esophagus after food has passed into the stomach a…
113 terms
Chapter 38 Biology
epiglottis
cardiac sphincter
heartburn
mucus
flap of connective tissue that covers the trachea to not bloc…
closes the esophagus after food has passed into the stomach a…
caused by the backflow of stomach acid, overeating or drinkin…
protects the stomach wall so the acid won't burn holes through
epiglottis
flap of connective tissue that covers the trachea to not bloc…
cardiac sphincter
closes the esophagus after food has passed into the stomach a…
26 terms
Biology Chapter 38 Vocabulary
Calorie
carbohydrate
fat
protein
term used by scientists to measure the energy stored in foods…
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
lipid; made up of fatty acids and glycerol; protects body org…
macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and hyd…
Calorie
term used by scientists to measure the energy stored in foods…
carbohydrate
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
32 terms
Chapter 38 Vocabulary biology
echinoderms
deuterostomes
pentaradial symmetry
Ossicles
inhabit marine environments ranging from shallow coastal wate…
coelomates whose embryos have radial cleavage
the body parts extend from the center along five spokes
Calcium carbonate plates attached to spines or spicules that…
echinoderms
inhabit marine environments ranging from shallow coastal wate…
deuterostomes
coelomates whose embryos have radial cleavage
26 terms
Biology Chapter 38 vocabulary
calorie
carbohydrate
fat
protein
term used by scientists to measure the energy stored in foods…
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
lipid; made up of fatty acids and glycerol; protects body org…
macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nit…
calorie
term used by scientists to measure the energy stored in foods…
carbohydrate
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
26 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 38
amylase
Bowman's capsule
Calorie
Carbohydrate
is an enzyme that catalyses the hydrolysis of starch into sug…
a capsule-shaped membranous structure surrounding the glomeru…
the energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water…
any of a large group of organic compounds occurring in foods…
amylase
is an enzyme that catalyses the hydrolysis of starch into sug…
Bowman's capsule
a capsule-shaped membranous structure surrounding the glomeru…
AP Biology Chapter 38
Unique features of angiosperm life cycle
Angiosperm sporophyte
Angiosperm gametophyte
receptacle
Flowers, double fertilization and fruits - key derived traits…
the dominant generation
reduced in all plants, consisting of a few cells and dependen…
the base of a flower; the part of the stem that is the site o…
Unique features of angiosperm life cycle
Flowers, double fertilization and fruits - key derived traits…
Angiosperm sporophyte
the dominant generation
15 terms
Biology~chapter 38 vocabulary
Echinoderm
Ossicle
Water-vascular system
Tube foot
A radially symmetrical marine invertebrate that has an exoske…
One of the small calcium carbonate plates that make up the en…
A system of canals filled with a watery fluid that circulates…
One of many small flexible tubes that project from the body o…
Echinoderm
A radially symmetrical marine invertebrate that has an exoske…
Ossicle
One of the small calcium carbonate plates that make up the en…
63 terms
Chapter 38 Biology
Alternation of Generations
What are the three F's of Angiosperms?
Flowers are made up of what 4 floral o…
What makes up the carpel
-The life cycle of all plants in which sporophytes (spore pro…
-Flowers ... -double Fertilization... -Fruits
-Petals... -Carpel... -Stamen... -Sepals
-Stima, captures pollen... -Style... -Ovary and Ovules
Alternation of Generations
-The life cycle of all plants in which sporophytes (spore pro…
What are the three F's of Angiosperms?
-Flowers ... -double Fertilization... -Fruits
17 terms
Chapter 38 - Conservation Biology Vocabulary
biodiversity hot spots
biological magnification
conservation biology
ecotourism
A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with signifi…
often refers to the process whereby certain substances such a…
is the scientific study of nature and of Earth's biodiversity…
tourism directed toward exotic, often threatened, natural env…
biodiversity hot spots
A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with signifi…
biological magnification
often refers to the process whereby certain substances such a…
30 terms
Chapter 38 modern biology vocabulary
Asteroidea
Crinoidea
Ophiuroidea
Echiuoidea
Class of sea star
Class of sea lilies and feather stars
Means "snake- tail"
Means "spine- like"
Asteroidea
Class of sea star
Crinoidea
Class of sea lilies and feather stars
52 terms
CHAPTER 38 (Biology)
What are the 4 main types of body tiss…
Role of Epithelial tissue.
Role of Nervous tissue.
Role of Connective tissue.
1. Epithelial... 2. Connective... 3. Nervous... 4. Muscle
Lines most body surfaces and protects other tissues from dehy…
Carries information throughout the body
S.upport... I.nsulate... P.rotect
What are the 4 main types of body tiss…
1. Epithelial... 2. Connective... 3. Nervous... 4. Muscle
Role of Epithelial tissue.
Lines most body surfaces and protects other tissues from dehy…
23 terms
Biology Chapter 38
Food is needed to what?
--- available in food is measured in -…
A --- is the amount of heat needed to…
--- with a capital C (Calories) is equ…
To supply us with energy to create ATP and raw materials to m…
Energy; calories
calorie
Calorie
Food is needed to what?
To supply us with energy to create ATP and raw materials to m…
--- available in food is measured in -…
Energy; calories
29 terms
Holt Biology - Chapter 38
ABO blood group system
alveolus
anemia
aorta
A system used to classify human blood by antigens found on th…
Any of the tiny air cells of the lungs where oxygen and carbo…
A condition in which the oxygen-carrying ability of red blood…
The main artery in the body; it carries blood from the left v…
ABO blood group system
A system used to classify human blood by antigens found on th…
alveolus
Any of the tiny air cells of the lungs where oxygen and carbo…
13 terms
Chapter 38 - Conservation Biology Vocabulary
biodiversity hot spots
biological magnification
conservation biology
ecotourism
A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with signifi…
often refers to the process whereby certain substances such a…
is the scientific study of nature and of Earth's biodiversity…
tourism directed toward exotic, often threatened, natural env…
biodiversity hot spots
A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with signifi…
biological magnification
often refers to the process whereby certain substances such a…
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 38.3
amylase
peristalsis
small intestine
pancreas
enzyme in saliva that breaks the chemical bonds in starches
rhythmic muscle contractions that squeeze food through the es…
digestive organ in which most chemical digestion takes place
gland that produces hormones that regulate blood sugar; produ…
amylase
enzyme in saliva that breaks the chemical bonds in starches
peristalsis
rhythmic muscle contractions that squeeze food through the es…
23 terms
AP Biology Chapter 38 Vocabulary
Neuron
Dendrites
Cell Body
Axon
nerve cell, having structure and properties that allow it to…
short, branch extension of a neuron that receives signals fro…
part of a neuron that houses the nucleus and other organelles
long extension of a neuron that carries nerve impulses away f…
Neuron
nerve cell, having structure and properties that allow it to…
Dendrites
short, branch extension of a neuron that receives signals fro…
17 terms
AP Biology: chapter 38 vocabulary
gametophyte
complete flower
incomplete flower
perfect flower
-reproductive structures in plants where haploid gametes are…
flowers with stamens, sepals, petals, and carpels
flower missing either stamens, sepals, petals, or carpels
flowers with both carpel and stamen
gametophyte
-reproductive structures in plants where haploid gametes are…
complete flower
flowers with stamens, sepals, petals, and carpels
61 terms
AP Biology-Chapter 38 Vocabulary
nerve net
astrocyte
reflex
gray matter
a weblike system of neurons, characteristic of radially symme…
a glial cell with diverse functions, including providing stru…
an automatic reaction to a stimulus, mediated by the spinal c…
consists mainly of neurons cell bodies and glia
nerve net
a weblike system of neurons, characteristic of radially symme…
astrocyte
a glial cell with diverse functions, including providing stru…
13 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 38
What are the nutrients your body needs?
Water
Carbohydrates
Fats
Water - Carbohydrates - Fats - Proteins - Vitamins - Minerals
Most reactions take place here
Energy of the cells
Important for membranes and hormones
What are the nutrients your body needs?
Water - Carbohydrates - Fats - Proteins - Vitamins - Minerals
Water
Most reactions take place here
59 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 38 Vocabulary
sensory receptors
sensory transduction
chemoreceptors
photoreceptors
specialized cells capable of detecting changes in internal or…
the conversion of an event, or stimulus, occurring in the env…
can respond to diverse ranges of chemical substances, from ox…
respond to light energy
sensory receptors
specialized cells capable of detecting changes in internal or…
sensory transduction
the conversion of an event, or stimulus, occurring in the env…
32 terms
Biology 2: Chapter 38 Vocabulary
echinoderms
deuterostomes
pentaradial symmetry
Ossicles
inhabit marine environments ranging from shallow coastal wate…
coelomates whose embryos have radial cleavage
the body parts extend from the center along five spokes
Calcium carbonate plates attached to spines or spicules that…
echinoderms
inhabit marine environments ranging from shallow coastal wate…
deuterostomes
coelomates whose embryos have radial cleavage
34 terms
Biology 2: Chapter 38 Vocabulary
echinoderms
deuterostomes
pentaradial symmetry
Ossicles
inhabit marine environments ranging from shallow coastal wate…
coelomates whose embryos have radial cleavage
the body parts extend from the center along five spokes
Calcium carbonate plates attached to spines or spicules that…
echinoderms
inhabit marine environments ranging from shallow coastal wate…
deuterostomes
coelomates whose embryos have radial cleavage
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 38.1-38.2 Vocab
Calorie
Carbohydrate
Fat
Protein
term used by scientists to measure the energy stored in foods…
major source of energy for the human body
lipid; made up fatty acid and glycerol and protects body organs
needed by the body for growth and repair and to make up enzymes
Calorie
term used by scientists to measure the energy stored in foods…
Carbohydrate
major source of energy for the human body
AP Biology Chapter 38
accessory fruit
aggregate fruit
angiosperm
anther
A fruit, or assemblage of fruits, in which the fleshy parts a…
A fruit derived from a single flower that has more than one c…
A flowering plant, which forms seeds inside a protective cham…
In an angiosperm, the terminal pollen sac of a stamen, where…
accessory fruit
A fruit, or assemblage of fruits, in which the fleshy parts a…
aggregate fruit
A fruit derived from a single flower that has more than one c…
32 terms
Biology 2: Chapter 38 Vocabulary
echinoderms
deuterostomes
pentaradial symmetry
Ossicles
inhabit marine environments ranging from shallow coastal wate…
coelomates whose embryos have radial cleavage
the body parts extend from the center along five spokes
Calcium carbonate plates attached to spines or spicules that…
echinoderms
inhabit marine environments ranging from shallow coastal wate…
deuterostomes
coelomates whose embryos have radial cleavage
40 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 38 Vocab
Calorie
Carbohydrate
Fat
Protein
term used by scientists to measure the energy stored in foods…
major source of energy for the human body
lipid; made up fatty acid and glycerol and protects body organs
needed by the body for growth and repair and to make up enzymes
Calorie
term used by scientists to measure the energy stored in foods…
Carbohydrate
major source of energy for the human body
34 terms
Biology 2: Chapter 38 Vocabulary
echinoderms
deuterostomes
pentaradial symmetry
Ossicles
inhabit marine environments ranging from shallow coastal wate…
coelomates whose embryos have radial cleavage
the body parts extend from the center along five spokes
Calcium carbonate plates attached to spines or spicules that…
echinoderms
inhabit marine environments ranging from shallow coastal wate…
deuterostomes
coelomates whose embryos have radial cleavage
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