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Study sets matching "biology chapter 4"

31 terms
Biology Chapter 4
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Nucleus
(a.k.a. cell membrane) covers a cell's surface and acts as a…
The region of the cell that is within the plasma membrane and…
the part of the cytoplasm that includes molecules and small p…
the membrane bound organelle that contains a cell's DNA. Most…
Plasma membrane
(a.k.a. cell membrane) covers a cell's surface and acts as a…
Cytoplasm
The region of the cell that is within the plasma membrane and…
22 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
weather
climate
greenhouse effect
habitat
day-to-day conditions of the atmosphere, including temperatur…
average year-to-year conditions of temperature and precipitat…
process in which certain gases (carbon dioxide, methane, and…
area where an organism lives, including the biotic and abioti…
weather
day-to-day conditions of the atmosphere, including temperatur…
climate
average year-to-year conditions of temperature and precipitat…
18 terms
Biology Vocab Chapter 4
Passive Transport
Hypertonic Solution
Concentration gradient
Hypotonic solution
Movement of substances through a cell membrane without the us…
The fluid outside the cell has a higher concentration of diss…
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
The fluid inside the cell has a higher concentration of disso…
Passive Transport
Movement of substances through a cell membrane without the us…
Hypertonic Solution
The fluid outside the cell has a higher concentration of diss…
12 terms
Biology Chapter 4
age structure
carrying capacity
demographic transition
demography
in any population, the number of individuals in their pre-rep…
largest number of individuals in a species that an environmen…
population change from high birth rates and death rates to lo…
study of human populations based on size, density, movement,…
age structure
in any population, the number of individuals in their pre-rep…
carrying capacity
largest number of individuals in a species that an environmen…
94 terms
Biology XL Chapter 4
Typical size of a eukaryotic cell
Typical size of prokaryotic cell
3 principles in of cell theory
Why are cells so small
10-100 micrometer in diameter
1-10 micrometer in diameter
1. All organisms are made up of one or more cells and the lif…
Because if a cell becomes too big, it would be nearly impossi…
Typical size of a eukaryotic cell
10-100 micrometer in diameter
Typical size of prokaryotic cell
1-10 micrometer in diameter
33 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
weather
climate
microclimate
greenhouse effect
Day-to-day conditions of Earth's atmosphere
Average year-after-year patterns of temperature and precipita…
Environmental conditions within a small area that differs sig…
Situation in which heat is retained in Earth's atmosphere due…
weather
Day-to-day conditions of Earth's atmosphere
climate
Average year-after-year patterns of temperature and precipita…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 4
seed
fern
moss
vascular plant
A plant part that contains a beginning plant and stored food
A seedless vascular plant
A nonvascular plant that has simple parts
A plant that has tubelike cells
seed
A plant part that contains a beginning plant and stored food
fern
A seedless vascular plant
42 terms
chapter 4 biology
amino acid
carbohydrate
coenzyme
dna
Building blocks of proteins
"Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
an organic cofactor required for enzyme activity
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of r…
amino acid
Building blocks of proteins
carbohydrate
"Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
43 terms
Biology Chapter 4
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Adenosine Triphosphate - ATP
Adenosine Diphosphate - ADP
Organisms that make their own food. Includes plants, algae, a…
Organisms that depend on other organisms for their energy sou…
Represents stored energy. Bonds are highly unstable. Easily c…
Represents released energy. Easily converted back to ATP. Two…
Autotrophs
Organisms that make their own food. Includes plants, algae, a…
Heterotrophs
Organisms that depend on other organisms for their energy sou…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Biome
Weather
Resource
Secondary Succession
Complex of terrestrial communities that covers a large area a…
The day to day conditions of the earth's atmosphere.
A necessity of life such as water, food, and nutrients.
When an area restores an ecosystem that previously existed.
Biome
Complex of terrestrial communities that covers a large area a…
Weather
The day to day conditions of the earth's atmosphere.
41 terms
BJU Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Adenosine Triphosphate - ATP
Adenosine Diphosphate - ADP
Organisms that make their own food. Includes plants, algae, a…
Organisms that depend on other organisms for their energy sou…
Represents stored energy. Bonds are highly unstable. Easily c…
Represents released energy. Easily converted back to ATP. Two…
Autotrophs
Organisms that make their own food. Includes plants, algae, a…
Heterotrophs
Organisms that depend on other organisms for their energy sou…
23 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
habitat
niche
resource
competitive exclusion principle
The general place where an organism lives
What an organism does and how it interacts with the abiotic a…
Any necessity of life, such as water, nutrients, light, food…
The rule that says that no two species can occupy exactly the…
habitat
The general place where an organism lives
niche
What an organism does and how it interacts with the abiotic a…
16 terms
Biology Chapter 4
Osmosis
Diffusion
Active transport
Homeostasis
Movement of water molecules across a membrane
Movement of molecules from a high concentration to a low conc…
When a molecule uses energy to move against its gradient.
Organism's self regulating process that help maintain an inte…
Osmosis
Movement of water molecules across a membrane
Diffusion
Movement of molecules from a high concentration to a low conc…
Biology Chapter 4
Cellular Energy
Energy Relationships
Classification
Autotrophs
constant supply of energy to perform cellular processes... main…
cells use amino acids and other substances repeatedly to make…
Organisms are classified into 2 groups based on how they obta…
-make their own food... - a producer... - photosynthesis is the pro…
Cellular Energy
constant supply of energy to perform cellular processes... main…
Energy Relationships
cells use amino acids and other substances repeatedly to make…
19 terms
Biology: Chapter 4 - Cells and Energy
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
process by which ATP is synthesized by using chemicals as an…
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
ADP
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
34 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 4
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
a concept that states that all living things are made up of c…
or cell membrane, acts as a barrier between the inside and ou…
the region of the cell within the membrane that includes the…
cell
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
cell theory
a concept that states that all living things are made up of c…
18 terms
Biology Chapter 4
angiosperm
conifer
dicot
embryo
a flowering plant
a cone-bearing gymnosperm
an angiosperm that has two seed leaves
a beginning plant
angiosperm
a flowering plant
conifer
a cone-bearing gymnosperm
16 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4- Carbon
Carbon's Versatility
Structural Isomers
Cis-Trans Isomers
Enantiomer Isomer
Forms 4 covalent bonds that lead to a tetrahedral shape. Also…
Different in covalent arrangements of their atoms.
Same covalent partnership but different in spatial arrangemen…
Molecules that are mirror images of each other. Usually invol…
Carbon's Versatility
Forms 4 covalent bonds that lead to a tetrahedral shape. Also…
Structural Isomers
Different in covalent arrangements of their atoms.
52 terms
Biology Chapter 4
an
aero
elle
hyper
without
air
small
over
an
without
aero
air
34 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 4
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane (cell membrane)
cytoplasm
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
all living things are made up of cells, cells are the basic u…
acts as a barrier between the inside and outside of the cell;…
the region of the cell within the membrane that includes the…
cell
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
cell theory
all living things are made up of cells, cells are the basic u…
20 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 4
organic chemistry
tetravalent
hydrocarbon
isomer
The study of carbon & hydrogen compounds (organic compounds).
4 electrons in valence shell, Ex. carbon
An organic molecule consisting only of carbon and hydrogen.
One of several compounds with the same molecular formula but…
organic chemistry
The study of carbon & hydrogen compounds (organic compounds).
tetravalent
4 electrons in valence shell, Ex. carbon
59 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 4
Light Microscope
Magnification
Micrograph
Cell Theory
visible light is passed through a specimen, creating a magnif…
increase of apparent size of an object
image taken from a microscope
all living things are composed of cells and all cells come fr…
Light Microscope
visible light is passed through a specimen, creating a magnif…
Magnification
increase of apparent size of an object
9 terms
Biology Chapter 4.2- ecological succession
ecological succession
primary succession
pioneer species
climax species
The gradual supplanting of one community of plants by another…
succession that occurs on surfaces where no soil exists.
First species to populate an area during primary succession.…
The most shade tolerant tree species that are native to a par…
ecological succession
The gradual supplanting of one community of plants by another…
primary succession
succession that occurs on surfaces where no soil exists.
34 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 4
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane (cell membrane)
cytoplasm
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
all living things are made up of cells, cells are the basic u…
acts as a barrier between the inside and outside of the cell;…
the region of the cell within the membrane that includes the…
cell
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
cell theory
all living things are made up of cells, cells are the basic u…
34 terms
AICE Biology Chapter 4
Cell surface membrane
Phospholipid
Phospholipid bilayer
Fluid mosaic model
Surrounds all cells... Controls exchanges of materials in and ou…
Heads: hydrophilic... Tails: hydrophobic... Basic structure of memb…
2 layered structure... Basic structure of membranes... 7nm wide
Developed by singer and nicolson... "Fluid"= proteins and phosph…
Cell surface membrane
Surrounds all cells... Controls exchanges of materials in and ou…
Phospholipid
Heads: hydrophilic... Tails: hydrophobic... Basic structure of memb…
36 terms
Biology--Chapter 4 "Ecosystems"
community
ecosystem
habitat
biodiversity
a group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same regio…
A community and its abiotic environment
Place where an organism lives
The number of different species in an area
community
a group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same regio…
ecosystem
A community and its abiotic environment
17 terms
Glencoe Biology chapter 4
characteristics of populations
population density
dispersion
limiting factors
population density, dispersion, growth rate
number of organisms per unit area
pattern of spacing of a population within an area
prevents a population from continuing to increase indefinitely
characteristics of populations
population density, dispersion, growth rate
population density
number of organisms per unit area
20 terms
Campbell Biology- Chapter 4
organic chemistry
tetravalent
hydrocarbon
isomer
The study of carbon & hydrogen compounds (organic compounds).
4 electrons in valence shell, Ex. carbon
An organic molecule consisting only of carbon and hydrogen.
One of several compounds with the same molecular formula but…
organic chemistry
The study of carbon & hydrogen compounds (organic compounds).
tetravalent
4 electrons in valence shell, Ex. carbon
102 terms
modern biology chapter 4
nucleoplasm
nuclear envelope
phospholipid bilayer
cilia
a jellylike liquid that fills the nucleus
a double membrane that surrounds the nucleus
double layer of phospholipid molecules that makes up a plasma…
The hairlike projections on the outside of cells that move in…
nucleoplasm
a jellylike liquid that fills the nucleus
nuclear envelope
a double membrane that surrounds the nucleus
29 terms
Campbell- Biology in Focus - Chapter 4
Central vacuole
Centrosome
Chloroplast
Chromatin
A membranous sac in a mature plant cell with diverse roles in…
Structure present in the cytoplasm of animal cells, important…
An organelle found in plants and photosynthetic protists that…
The complex of DNA and proteins that makes up a eukaryotic ch…
Central vacuole
A membranous sac in a mature plant cell with diverse roles in…
Centrosome
Structure present in the cytoplasm of animal cells, important…
34 terms
Biology Chapter 4
energy
chemical energy
food
autotrophs
the ability to do work
energy stored in chemical bonds
what organisms get their energy from, organic molecules that…
organisms that make their own food
energy
the ability to do work
chemical energy
energy stored in chemical bonds
46 terms
BJU Biology Terms Chapter 4
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Adenosine Triphosphate - ATP
Adenosine Diphosphate - ADP
Organisms that make their own food. Includes plants, algae, a…
Organisms that depend on other organisms for their energy sou…
Represents stored energy. Bonds are highly unstable. Easily c…
Represents released energy. Easily converted back to ATP. Two…
Autotrophs
Organisms that make their own food. Includes plants, algae, a…
Heterotrophs
Organisms that depend on other organisms for their energy sou…
18 terms
Biology Chapter 4
Passive Transport
Hypertonic Solution
Concentration gradient
Hypotonic solution
Movement of substances through a cell membrane without the us…
The fluid outside the cell has a higher concentration of diss…
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
The fluid inside the cell has a higher concentration of disso…
Passive Transport
Movement of substances through a cell membrane without the us…
Hypertonic Solution
The fluid outside the cell has a higher concentration of diss…
12 terms
Biology Chapter 4
population density
dispersion
density-independent factor
density-dependent factor
number of organisms per unit area
pattern of spacing of a population within an area
any factor in the environment that does not depend on the num…
biotic factors such as predation, disease, parasites, and com…
population density
number of organisms per unit area
dispersion
pattern of spacing of a population within an area
17 terms
Biology 101: Chapter 4
organic compounds
electron configuration
4
hydrogen, nitrogen and oxygen
those compounds containing carbon
the key to an atom's chemical characteristics
# of valence electrons carbon has
the elements that carbon most frequently binds with
organic compounds
those compounds containing carbon
electron configuration
the key to an atom's chemical characteristics
19 terms
Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
Photosynthesis
an organic HIGH energy molecule that is the main source of en…
a LOW energy molecule that can be changed into ATD
a process which can synthesize ATP by using chemicals ins pla…
the process by which plant, algae and some bacteria use sunli…
ATP
an organic HIGH energy molecule that is the main source of en…
ADP
a LOW energy molecule that can be changed into ATD
Biology Chapter 4
population density
dispersion
density-independent factor
density-dependent factor
the number of organisms per unit area
the pattern of spacing of a population within an area
any factor in the environment that does not depend on the num…
any factor in the environment that does depend on the number…
population density
the number of organisms per unit area
dispersion
the pattern of spacing of a population within an area
13 terms
Biology: Chapter 4 - Cells and Energy
ATP
ADP
photosynthesis
chlorophyll
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains e…
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can convert…
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy
light-absorbing pigment molecule in photosynthetic organisms.
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains e…
ADP
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can convert…
Biology: Chapter 4 - Cells and Energy (w/images)
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
process by which ATP is synthesized by using chemicals as an…
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
ADP
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
12 terms
Glencoe Biology Chapter 4 Sec 1
population density
dispersion
density-independent factor
density-dependent factor
Number of individuals per unit area
arrangement of a population in its environment
limiting factor that affects all populations in similar ways,…
Limiting factors (such as competition, predation, parasitism,…
population density
Number of individuals per unit area
dispersion
arrangement of a population in its environment
20 terms
Biology Chapter 4
POPULATION DENSITY
DISPERSION
DENSITY-INDEPENDENT FACTOR
DENSITY-DEPENDENT FACTOR
Number of organisms per unit of living area.
Arrangement of a population in its environment.
Environmental factor, such as stones and extreme heat or cold…
Environmental factor, such as predation, diseases, and compet…
POPULATION DENSITY
Number of organisms per unit of living area.
DISPERSION
Arrangement of a population in its environment.
18 terms
Biology Vocab Chapter 4
Passive Transport
Hypertonic Solution
Concentration gradient
Hypotonic solution
Movement of substances through a cell membrane without the us…
The fluid outside the cell has a higher concentration of diss…
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
The fluid inside the cell has a higher concentration of disso…
Passive Transport
Movement of substances through a cell membrane without the us…
Hypertonic Solution
The fluid outside the cell has a higher concentration of diss…
94 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4: Tour of the Cell
Typical size of a eukaryotic cell
Typical size of prokaryotic cell
3 principles in of cell theory
Why are cells so small
10-100 micrometer in diameter
1-10 micrometer in diameter
1. All organisms are made up of one or more cells and the lif…
Because if a cell becomes too big, it would be nearly impossi…
Typical size of a eukaryotic cell
10-100 micrometer in diameter
Typical size of prokaryotic cell
1-10 micrometer in diameter
20 terms
Functional Groups (from Campbell Biology Chapter 4)
organic chemistry
tetravalent
hydrocarbon
isomer
The study of carbon & hydrogen compounds (organic compounds).
4 electrons in valence shell, Ex. carbon
An organic molecule consisting only of carbon and hydrogen.
One of several compounds with the same molecular formula but…
organic chemistry
The study of carbon & hydrogen compounds (organic compounds).
tetravalent
4 electrons in valence shell, Ex. carbon
39 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 4
Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Isomers
Structural Isomers
The branch of chemistry that specializes in the study of carb…
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
organic compounds with the same molecular formula but differe…
Differ in the covalent arrangements of their atoms.
Organic Chemistry
The branch of chemistry that specializes in the study of carb…
Hydrocarbons
an organic molecule made up of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
19 terms
Biology: Chapter 4 - Cells and Energy
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
process by which ATP is synthesized by using chemicals as an…
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
ADP
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
77 terms
chapter 4 biology
Exocytosis
Endocytosis
Phagocytosis
Desmosome
a process by which the contents of a cell vacuole are release…
Cellular uptake of molecules or particles via formation of ne…
Cellular "eating"; a type of endocytosis in which a cell engu…
A ----------- also known as a macula adhaerens is a cell stru…
Exocytosis
a process by which the contents of a cell vacuole are release…
Endocytosis
Cellular uptake of molecules or particles via formation of ne…
13 terms
BIOLOGY CHAPTER 4
population
population density
dispersion
density-independant factor
the members of a single species that share the same geographi…
the number of organisms per unit area
the pattern of spacing of a population within an area
any factor in the environment that does not depend on the num…
population
the members of a single species that share the same geographi…
population density
the number of organisms per unit area
Biology: Chapter 4 - Cells and Energy
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
process by which ATP is synthesized by using chemicals as an…
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) high-energy molecule that contains,…
ADP
(adenosine diphosphate) low-energy molecule that can be conve…
46 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 4 Vocab
weather
climate
greenhouse effect
polar zone
condition of earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place
the average weather conditions in an area over a long period…
natural situation in which heat is retained in Earth's atmosp…
the region between 66.5 degrees and 90 degrees North and Sout…
weather
condition of earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place
climate
the average weather conditions in an area over a long period…
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