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13 terms
Biology chapter 5
population density
immigration
emigration
exponential growth
number of individuals per unit of area
movement of individuals into an area occupied by an existing…
movement of individuals out of a population
growth pattern in which in which the individuals in a populat…
population density
number of individuals per unit of area
immigration
movement of individuals into an area occupied by an existing…
27 terms
Biology Chapter 5
methane
binary fission
saprophyte
mutualism
A gas produced by bacteria from hydrogen and carbon dioxide.
Reproduction in which a bacterial cell divides into two cells…
An organism that decomposes dead organisms or waste matter.
A closeness in which two organisms live together and help eac…
methane
A gas produced by bacteria from hydrogen and carbon dioxide.
binary fission
Reproduction in which a bacterial cell divides into two cells…
20 terms
Biology Chapter 5
background extinction
biodiversity
biological augmentation
biological magnification
gradual process of a species becoming extinct
number of different species living in a specific area
technique of adding essential materials to a degraded ecosystem
increasing concentration of toxic substances in organisms as…
background extinction
gradual process of a species becoming extinct
biodiversity
number of different species living in a specific area
30 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Review
Prey...... -always must be more food than…
Predator...... -always must be more food…
The Lag Period.
Exponential Population Growth. ... No lim…
The "a" line represents predator... or prey population...... why?
The "b" line represents predator... or prey population...... why?
What part of population growth does ... the highlighted portion…
What part of population growth does ... the highlighted portion…
Prey...... -always must be more food than…
The "a" line represents predator... or prey population...... why?
Predator...... -always must be more food…
The "b" line represents predator... or prey population...... why?
71 terms
chapter 5 biology
cell
eukaryote
organ
organelle
Basic unit of life
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
A body structure that is composed of different kinds of tissu…
any of a number of organized or specialized structures within…
cell
Basic unit of life
eukaryote
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
16 terms
Biology Chapter 5
population density
age structure
immigration
emigration
Number of individuals per unit area
The number of males and females of each age in a population
Movement of individuals into an area occupied by an existing…
Movement of individuals out of an area
population density
Number of individuals per unit area
age structure
The number of males and females of each age in a population
23 terms
PAP Biology Chapter 5 Review
Cell Cycle
Chromatids
Histones
Gap 1
The regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell divi…
Joined strands of duplicated genetic material.
DNA wraps around to condense to fit within the cell.
phase of the cell cycle that occupies most of the average cel…
Cell Cycle
The regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell divi…
Chromatids
Joined strands of duplicated genetic material.
93 terms
AICE Biology Chapter 5
What are the five stages of cell divis…
What are the two types of cell division
Why do cells reproduce?
How long does it take to divid epithel…
Interphase, prophase (early and late), metaphase, anaphase, a…
Mitosis and meiosis
1) Growth-The nuclei of the two daughter cells formed have th…
Epithelial cells are divided every 10 hours.
What are the five stages of cell divis…
Interphase, prophase (early and late), metaphase, anaphase, a…
What are the two types of cell division
Mitosis and meiosis
18 terms
Biology Vocab Chapter 5
Photosynthesis
Chlorophyll
Autotrophs
Carotenoids
Is a process by which light energy is converted to chemical e…
Green pigment in plants that absorbs light energy used to car…
Organisms that are able to make their own food.
An accessory pigment, either yellow or orange, in the chlorop…
Photosynthesis
Is a process by which light energy is converted to chemical e…
Chlorophyll
Green pigment in plants that absorbs light energy used to car…
15 terms
Biology: Chapter 5 Populations
geographic range
population density
growth rate
age structure
the area inhabited by a population
number of individuals per unit area
determines whether the size of the population stays the same,…
number of males and females of each age in a population
geographic range
the area inhabited by a population
population density
number of individuals per unit area
44 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
macromolecule
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
polymer
monomer
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
macromolecule
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
56 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5
macromolecule
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
polymer
monomer
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
macromolecule
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
27 terms
AGS Biology Chapter 5
Methane
Binary Fission
Saprophyte
Mutualism
A gas produced by bacteria from hydrogen and carbon dioxide
Reproduction in which a bacterial cell divides into two cells…
An organism that decomposes dead organisms or waste matter
A closeness in which two organisms live together and help eac…
Methane
A gas produced by bacteria from hydrogen and carbon dioxide
Binary Fission
Reproduction in which a bacterial cell divides into two cells…
13 terms
Biology Chapter 5: Populations
Population Density
Age Structure
Growth rate
Immigration
the number of individuals in a given area
The number of males and females of each age a population cont…
determines whether a population will increase, decrease or st…
individuals moving into an area causing the population to grow
Population Density
the number of individuals in a given area
Age Structure
The number of males and females of each age a population cont…
21 terms
Biology chapter 5
binary fission
saprophyte
mutualism
toxin
reproduction in which a bacteria cell divides into two cells…
an organism that decomposes dead organisms or waste matter
a closeness in which two organisms live together and help eac…
a poison produced by bacteria or other organisms
binary fission
reproduction in which a bacteria cell divides into two cells…
saprophyte
an organism that decomposes dead organisms or waste matter
19 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Bacteria, Protist, and Fungi
commensalism
mutualism
toxin
diatom
a relationship in which one organism benefits and the other i…
two organisms live together and help each other
poison
microscopic algae with a hard shell
commensalism
a relationship in which one organism benefits and the other i…
mutualism
two organisms live together and help each other
27 terms
Biology chapter 5
Cell cycle
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides.
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
Cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
57 terms
BJU Biology Terms Chapter 5
genetics
gene
chromosome
histone
the study of heredity
a segment of DNA capable of producing a specific amino acid c…
a strand of DNA entwined with proteins; usually found within…
a protein that supports, protects, and helps maintain the tig…
genetics
the study of heredity
gene
a segment of DNA capable of producing a specific amino acid c…
24 terms
9th Biology (McDougal) Chapter 5
cell cycle
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell division…
the division of the cell nucleus and its contents
the process that divides the cell cytoplasm
one long continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous g…
cell cycle
regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell division…
mitosis
the division of the cell nucleus and its contents
20 terms
Biology Chapter 5
extinction
biodiversity
genetic diversity
species diversity
the disappearance of a species when the last of its members d…
number of different species living in a specific area
variety of inheritable characteristics or genes in an interbr…
the number and abundance of different species
extinction
the disappearance of a species when the last of its members d…
biodiversity
number of different species living in a specific area
57 terms
NLA BJU Biology Chapter 5
genetics
gene
chromosome
histone
the study of heredity
a segment of DNA capable of producing a specific amino acid c…
a strand of DNA entwined with proteins; usually found within…
a protein that supports, protects, and helps maintain the tig…
genetics
the study of heredity
gene
a segment of DNA capable of producing a specific amino acid c…
14 terms
Visualizing Human Biology - Chapter 5: Tissues
microvilli
avascular
trachea
epiglottis
Small hair-like folds of the cell membrane that increase the…
Without blood vessels.
The main trunk of the respiratory tree.
A large, leaf-shaped piece of cartilage that lies over the to…
microvilli
Small hair-like folds of the cell membrane that increase the…
avascular
Without blood vessels.
Biology Chapter 5 vocab
Population Density
Immigration
Emigration
Exponential Growth
Number of individuals per unit area
Moving into a population
Leaving a population
Growth whose rate becomes ever more rapid in proportion to th…
Population Density
Number of individuals per unit area
Immigration
Moving into a population
47 terms
Biology Chapter 5
Taxonomy
Carolus Linnaeus
Scientific Name
Gymnosperm
Process of arranging organisms into groups based on similarit…
Developed the system which classifies living organisms
Genus Species
Produce seeds not covered by the walls of an ovary
Taxonomy
Process of arranging organisms into groups based on similarit…
Carolus Linnaeus
Developed the system which classifies living organisms
21 terms
Glencoe Biology - Chapter 5: Biodiversity and Conservation
Background extinction
Biodiversity
Biological augmentation
Biological magnification
Gradual process of a species becoming extinct.
Number of different species living in a specific area.
Technique of adding essential materials to a degraded ecosyst…
Increasing concentration of toxic substances, such as ddt, in…
Background extinction
Gradual process of a species becoming extinct.
Biodiversity
Number of different species living in a specific area.
26 terms
Chapter 5 Biology
The _____ is constantly interacting wi…
The _______ has a fluid and somewhat f…
The _____ is flexible, yet stable.
The most important component parts of…
Plasma membrane
Plasma membrane
Plasma membrane
The phospholipid bilayer... Cholesterol... Proteins... Glycocalyx
The _____ is constantly interacting wi…
Plasma membrane
The _______ has a fluid and somewhat f…
Plasma membrane
23 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 5 Vocab
passive transport
concentration gradient
diffusion
Equilibrium
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
a difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
in biology, a state that exists when the concentration of a s…
passive transport
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
concentration gradient
a difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
27 terms
Biology: Chapter 5 - Cell Growth and Division
cell cycle
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides.
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
13 terms
Biology: Chapter 5: Populations (Pictures)
population density
Immigration
carrying capacity
density-dependent limiting factor
number of individuals per unit of area
movement of individuals into an area occupied by existing pop…
Largest number of individuals of a population that a given en…
limiting factor that depends on population size.
population density
number of individuals per unit of area
Immigration
movement of individuals into an area occupied by existing pop…
27 terms
Chapter 5 Vocabulary Biology
cell cycle
mitosis
Cytokinesis
chromosome
regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell division…
in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms tw…
the division of the cytoplasm of the cell; cytokinesis follow…
one long continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous g…
cell cycle
regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell division…
mitosis
in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms tw…
31 terms
biology terms chapter 5
artificial selection
natural selection
genetic variation
differential reproduction sucess
Selective breeding of plants and animals to promote the occur…
A natural process resulting in the evolution of organisms bes…
The variety of different types of genes in a species or popul…
Phenomenon in which individuals with adaptive genetic traits…
artificial selection
Selective breeding of plants and animals to promote the occur…
natural selection
A natural process resulting in the evolution of organisms bes…
13 terms
Biology - Chapter 5: Ecology
A group of the same type of... organism.
Groups of different... species.
All the non-living... things around the c…
The environment that the organism live…
Population.
Community.
Ecosystem.
Habitat.
A group of the same type of... organism.
Population.
Groups of different... species.
Community.
23 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 5
passive transport
diffusion
concentration gradient
Equilibrium
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
a difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
in biology, a state that exists when the concentration of a s…
passive transport
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
diffusion
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
18 terms
Biology Chapter 5- population dynamics
population density
immigration
emigration
exponential growth
number of individuals per unit of area
movement of individuals into an area occupied by an existing…
movement of individuals out of an area
growth pattern in which the individuals in a population repro…
population density
number of individuals per unit of area
immigration
movement of individuals into an area occupied by an existing…
*Honors Biology Chapter 5 Review
interphase and mitosis
the longest part of the cell cycle
cells grow, develop, and carry on all…
nuclear division
What are the two main parts to the eukaryotic cell cycle?
What is interphase with respect to how long it takes?
What happens in interphase?
What is mitosis with respect to its type of division?
interphase and mitosis
What are the two main parts to the eukaryotic cell cycle?
the longest part of the cell cycle
What is interphase with respect to how long it takes?
31 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 5 Vocab
Population Density
Immigration
Emigration
Exponential Growth
the number of individuals per unit area
the movement of individuals into an area
the movement of individuals out of a area
when the individuals in a population reproduce at a constant…
Population Density
the number of individuals per unit area
Immigration
the movement of individuals into an area
50 terms
Chapter 5 - Biology
4 Main Classes of Large Molecules
Polymer
Enzymes
Dehydration Reaction
1) Carbohydrates 2) Lipids 3) Proteins 4) Nucleic Acids
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
Specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions.
2 Molecules are convalently bonded to one another by the crea…
4 Main Classes of Large Molecules
1) Carbohydrates 2) Lipids 3) Proteins 4) Nucleic Acids
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
49 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 5
Cellular membrane contain four compone…
Describe the fluid-mosaic model of mem…
What types of microscopes support the…
What is the function of the proteins i…
1. phospholipid bilayer... 2. transmembrane proteins... 3. Internal…
A mosaic of proteins float in or on a fluid lipid bilayer
Transmission Electron Microscope and Scanning Electron micros…
1. Support... 2. Transport through the membranes... 3. Communicatio…
Cellular membrane contain four compone…
1. phospholipid bilayer... 2. transmembrane proteins... 3. Internal…
Describe the fluid-mosaic model of mem…
A mosaic of proteins float in or on a fluid lipid bilayer
56 terms
Biology Campbell 10th - Chapter 5
macromolecule
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
polymer
monomer
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
macromolecule
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
12 terms
Biology Chapter 5
population density
age structure
immigration
emigration
the number of individuals of a given species per unit area
the number of males and females of each age contained within…
moving into a region; increased population density results
moving out of a region; decreased population density results
population density
the number of individuals of a given species per unit area
age structure
the number of males and females of each age contained within…
13 terms
Biology Chapter 5: Populations
Population Density
Age Structure
Growth rate
Immigration
the number of individuals in a given area
The number of males and females of each age a population cont…
determines whether a population will increase, decrease or st…
individuals moving into an area causing the population to grow
Population Density
the number of individuals in a given area
Age Structure
The number of males and females of each age a population cont…
37 terms
Biology Chapter 5/6
monoculture
renewable resource
nonrenewable resource
sustainable development
farming stadegy of planting a single, highly productive crop…
resource that can be reproduced or replaced in healthy ecosys…
resource that cannot be replenished within a reasonable amoun…
using resources in an environmentally conscious way
monoculture
farming stadegy of planting a single, highly productive crop…
renewable resource
resource that can be reproduced or replaced in healthy ecosys…
14 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Populations - Mod
geographic range
population density
growth rate
age structure
the area inhabited by a population
number of individuals per unit area
determines whether the size of the population stays the same,…
number of males and females of each age in a population
geographic range
the area inhabited by a population
population density
number of individuals per unit area
7 terms
A Beka Biology chapter 5.1
taxonomy
Carolus Linnaeus
John Ray
kind
the process of arranging organisms into groups based on simil…
a Swedish naturalist who devised our current classification s…
an English clergyman who devoted much of his time to natural…
a group of similar organisms that are all descended from a si…
taxonomy
the process of arranging organisms into groups based on simil…
Carolus Linnaeus
a Swedish naturalist who devised our current classification s…
59 terms
Campbell Biology- Chapter 5
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and n…
Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
Name the 4 types of macromolecules
All the chemical conversions that occur within a cell... Metabo…
Conversion of complex organic molecules into smaller molecule…
Conversion of small organic molecules by forming chemical bon…
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and n…
Name the 4 types of macromolecules
Metabolism
All the chemical conversions that occur within a cell... Metabo…
52 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 5 - Macromolecules
Dehydration (a type of synthesis react…
Hydrolysis (a type of decomposition re…
monosaccharide, chains (Carbohydrate,…
glucose, different representations (Ca…
Type of reaction in which monomers are joined by the loss of…
Process by which polymers are disassembled. The opposite of a…
Dehydration (a type of synthesis react…
Type of reaction in which monomers are joined by the loss of…
Hydrolysis (a type of decomposition re…
Process by which polymers are disassembled. The opposite of a…
16 terms
Biology chapter 5
Biodiversity
Extinction
Endangered species
Threatened species
The diversity of plant and animal life in a particular habita…
A term that typically describes a species that no longer has…
A species whose numbers are so small that the species is at r…
A species that is considered likely to become endangered in t…
Biodiversity
The diversity of plant and animal life in a particular habita…
Extinction
A term that typically describes a species that no longer has…
22 terms
A Beka Biology chapter 5.5
algae
plankton
colony
filament
the smallest of the green, chlorophyll-containing organisms
microorganisms that float near the surface of the water and p…
groups of single-celled green algae clumped together in diffe…
hairlike structures used to join algae cells into a colony
algae
the smallest of the green, chlorophyll-containing organisms
plankton
microorganisms that float near the surface of the water and p…
Biology, Chapter 5.1, Biodiversity
extinction
biodiversity
genetic diversity
species diversity
entire species permanently disappear from the biosphere (last…
the variety of life in an area that is determined by the numb…
the variety of genes or inheritable characteristics that are…
the number of different species and the relative abundance of…
extinction
entire species permanently disappear from the biosphere (last…
biodiversity
the variety of life in an area that is determined by the numb…
46 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Mitosis and Meiosis
prophase
prophase
telophase
telophase
Chromatids form during
spindle fibers form during
nuclear membrane reforms during
Chromosomes lose form
prophase
Chromatids form during
prophase
spindle fibers form during
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