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Study sets matching "biology chapter 5"

20 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary Biodiversity and Conservation
extinction
biodiversity
genetic diversity
species diversity
the disappearance of a species when the last of its members d…
number of different species living in a specific area
variety of inheritable characteristics or genes in an interbr…
in a biological community, the number and abundance of differ…
extinction
the disappearance of a species when the last of its members d…
biodiversity
number of different species living in a specific area
11 terms
Biology Chapter 5
Age structure
Immigration
Emigration
Exponential Growth
the numbers of males and females in different age groups of a…
the movement of individuals into an area occupied by an exist…
the movement of individuals out of an area.
a growth pattern in which the individuals in a population rep…
Age structure
the numbers of males and females in different age groups of a…
Immigration
the movement of individuals into an area occupied by an exist…
21 terms
BIOLOGY CHAPTER 5
gene
extinction
biodiversity
genetic diversity
functional unit that controls the expression of inherited tra…
when a species permanently disappears from the biosphere
is the variety of life in an area that is determined by the n…
the variety of genes or inheritable characteristics that are…
gene
functional unit that controls the expression of inherited tra…
extinction
when a species permanently disappears from the biosphere
37 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
chromatin
chromosomes
cell cycle
mitosis
how DNA appears during interphase, long and threadlike
condensed DNA which is visible during mitosis
a normal pattern of growth, DNA synthesis, and cell division…
cell division of somatic cells which produces two identical d…
chromatin
how DNA appears during interphase, long and threadlike
chromosomes
condensed DNA which is visible during mitosis
25 terms
Biology Chapter 5 - McElhaney
aflatoxin
ameba
anal pore
binary fission
A chemical that causes liver cancer and is produced by molds…
A protozoan that moves by pushing out parts of its cell
The opening through which undigested food leaves a paramecium
Reproduction in which a bacterial cell divides into two cells…
aflatoxin
A chemical that causes liver cancer and is produced by molds…
ameba
A protozoan that moves by pushing out parts of its cell
16 terms
Biology Chapter 5
a, an
ana-
ben-
bi-
without, not
back
good
two
a, an
without, not
ana-
back
18 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Vocab
Osmosis
Diffusion
Concentration Gradient
Passive Transport
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
Requires NO energy, Movement of molecules from high to low co…
Osmosis
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
Diffusion
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
27 terms
Biology: Chapter 5 - Cell Growth and Division
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosome
The regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell divi…
The division of the cells nucleus and its contents.... Highly re…
Division of the cytoplasm. Last stage of cell cycle. ... Results…
A long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous ge…
Cell Cycle
The regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell divi…
Mitosis
The division of the cells nucleus and its contents.... Highly re…
23 terms
Chapter 5 Biology (Kate!)
Fluid mosaic model
Selective permeability
Concentration gradient
Passive transport
-The current working model of the cell membrane... -Show a phosp…
-The membrane's ability to choose what is allowed to pass eas…
-a gradient of concentration across a fluid... -look at the pict…
-Transport across the cell membrane that does not use ATP... Ex…
Fluid mosaic model
-The current working model of the cell membrane... -Show a phosp…
Selective permeability
-The membrane's ability to choose what is allowed to pass eas…
20 terms
biology chapter 5
Arrector pili muscle
Dermal papilla
Dermis
Eccrine sweat gland
Arrector pili muscle
Dermal papilla
23 terms
Biology chapter 5
Selective breeding
Aristotle
Performationism
Gregor Mendel
The ancient Babylonian's and Assyrians used this kind of bree…
Particles of the parents blood mix and then joined to form th…
They believed that inside the tiny person in that sperm are o…
parejts give one set of factors to offspring
Selective breeding
The ancient Babylonian's and Assyrians used this kind of bree…
Aristotle
Particles of the parents blood mix and then joined to form th…
27 terms
Cambell's General Biology Chapter 5 Vocab THS
macromolecules
polymer
monomers
enzymes
giant molecules formed by the joining of smaller molecules, u…
long molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildin…
smaller, repeating molecules that serve as building blocks of…
specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions
macromolecules
giant molecules formed by the joining of smaller molecules, u…
polymer
long molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildin…
14 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Populations
geographic range
population density
growth rate
age structure
the area inhabited by a population
number of individuals per unit area
determines whether the size of the population stays the same,…
number of males and females of each age in a population
geographic range
the area inhabited by a population
population density
number of individuals per unit area
18 terms
Chapter 5 Vocabulary-Biology
Cell Respiration
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Oxidization
a decomposition pathway that provides the energy cells need t…
in the presence of oxygen
without oxygen
the loss of electrons from a substance in a chemical reaction
Cell Respiration
a decomposition pathway that provides the energy cells need t…
Aerobic
in the presence of oxygen
33 terms
Chapter 5 modern biology
Passive transport
Active Transport
Diffusion
Facilitated Diffusion
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane, without t…
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane against th…
A process by which molecules move from a area of higher to a…
A process by which substances move down their concentration g…
Passive transport
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane, without t…
Active Transport
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane against th…
57 terms
BJU Biology Terms Chapter 5
genetics
gene
chromosome
histone
the study of heredity
a segment of DNA capable of producing a specific amino acid c…
a strand of DNA entwined with proteins; usually found within…
a protein that supports, protects, and helps maintain the tig…
genetics
the study of heredity
gene
a segment of DNA capable of producing a specific amino acid c…
19 terms
Biology- Chapter 5 Vocab
Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Cellular Respiration
The process by which light energy is converted to chemical en…
Organisms that use energy from sunlight or from chemical bond…
Organisms that must get energy from food instead of directly…
A metabolic process similar to burning fuel. Releases energy…
Photosynthesis
The process by which light energy is converted to chemical en…
Autotroph
Organisms that use energy from sunlight or from chemical bond…
13 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
carrying capacity
emigration
exponential growth
immigration
Largest number of individuals of a population that a given en…
Movement of individuals out of a population
Growth pattern in which the individuals in a population repro…
Movement of individuals into an area occupied by an existing…
carrying capacity
Largest number of individuals of a population that a given en…
emigration
Movement of individuals out of a population
18 terms
Logan Chieftains Biology Chapter 5
regular pattern of growth, DNA replica…
5 main stages of cell cycle
division of the nucleus
division of cell cytoplams
Cell Cycle
Gap 1, DNA synthesis, Gap 2, Mitosis, Cytokinesis
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
regular pattern of growth, DNA replica…
Cell Cycle
5 main stages of cell cycle
Gap 1, DNA synthesis, Gap 2, Mitosis, Cytokinesis
Biology Life on Earth chapter 5
active transport
aquaporin
concentration
concentration gradient
the movement of material across a membrane through the use of…
a channel protein in the plasma membrane or a cell that is se…
the number of particles of a dissolved substance in a given u…
the difference in concentration of a substance between two pa…
active transport
the movement of material across a membrane through the use of…
aquaporin
a channel protein in the plasma membrane or a cell that is se…
20 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Bacteria, Protist, and Fungi
commensalism
mutualism
toxin
diatom
a relationship in which one organism benefits and the other i…
two organisms live together and help each other
poison
microscopic algae with a hard shell
commensalism
a relationship in which one organism benefits and the other i…
mutualism
two organisms live together and help each other
107 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Study Guide
5.1
cell cycle is split into two sections
4 stages
mitosis 5 stages
the cell cycle
interphases & mitosis
g1, s phase, g2, mitosis
prophase... pro-metaphase ... metaphase... anaphase ... telophase
5.1
the cell cycle
cell cycle is split into two sections
interphases & mitosis
27 terms
Biology: Chapter 5 - Cell Growth and Division
cell cycle
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides.
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
27 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Vocab
1. cell cycle
2. mitosis
3. cytokinesis
4. chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
1. cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
2. mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
56 terms
Biology 121 - Chapter 5
Macromolecule
Polymer
Monmer
Enzyme
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
A long molecule consisting of many similar monomers linked to…
The subunit that serves as the building blocks of polymer
A macromolecule serving as a catalyst, a chemical agent that…
Macromolecule
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar monomers linked to…
47 terms
Campbell Biology, Concepts and Connections Chapter 5
fluid mosaic model
Cell Membrane structure
selective permeability
diffusion
o accepted model of cell membrane structure, o membrane as a…
-phospholipid bilayer, polar & non-polar... -Cell surface protei…
Membrane allows some substances to cross more easily than oth…
tendency of particles to move from more concentrated regions…
fluid mosaic model
o accepted model of cell membrane structure, o membrane as a…
Cell Membrane structure
-phospholipid bilayer, polar & non-polar... -Cell surface protei…
Biology Campbell Chapter 5
Macromolecules
Polymers
Monomers
Enzymes
Large on molecular scale
Long molecule made up of building blocks called monomers
Small molecules that make up long molecules called polymers
Macromolecules that make or break polymers in a cell and spee…
Macromolecules
Large on molecular scale
Polymers
Long molecule made up of building blocks called monomers
39 terms
A Beka Biology chapter 5 review
taxonomy
Carolus Linnaeus
kind
scientific name
the process of arranging organisms into groups based on simil…
a Swedish naturalist who devised our current classification s…
a group of similar organisms that are all descended from a si…
the binomial system of nomenclature (naming) using the genus…
taxonomy
the process of arranging organisms into groups based on simil…
Carolus Linnaeus
a Swedish naturalist who devised our current classification s…
47 terms
Chapter 5 - AP Biology
Macromolecule
Polymer
Amylose
Monomer
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
The simplest form of starch, which is unbranched.
The repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a po…
Macromolecule
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
87 terms
BJU Biology Chapter 5
Heredity
Aristotle
Preformationists
Gregor Mendel
The passing on of characteristics (in the form of genes) from…
He proposed that traits are passed through the parents' blood…
They believed complete organisms in the father's sperm.
He believed that traits are caused by factors which parents w…
Heredity
The passing on of characteristics (in the form of genes) from…
Aristotle
He proposed that traits are passed through the parents' blood…
23 terms
A Beka Biology chapter 5.6
fungi
autotrophs
heterotrophs
saprophyte
nonvascular plants without chlorophyll that are dependent upo…
organisms that manufacture their own food
organisms that must obtain their food from sources outside th…
organisms which obtain their nutrition from dead organisms
fungi
nonvascular plants without chlorophyll that are dependent upo…
autotrophs
organisms that manufacture their own food
Biology Chapter 5: Photosynthesis
Heterotroph
Example of a heterotroph
Autotrophs
Example of an autotroph
organism that gets energy from consuming others
animals, humans, fungus
organisms that produce their own energy/food
plants and bacteria
Heterotroph
organism that gets energy from consuming others
Example of a heterotroph
animals, humans, fungus
55 terms
Biology 1 - Chapter 5
Macromolecules
Polymer
Monomer
Enzymes
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
The subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer. R…
A macromolecule serving as a catalyst, a chemical agent that…
Macromolecules
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
Mastering Biology Chapter 5
Proteins
An oxygen
Carboxyl functional group
Nucleotides
Which polymers are composed of amino acids?
What is not attached to the central carbon atom in an amino a…
Which part of an amino acid is always acidic?
Which monomers make up RNA?
Proteins
Which polymers are composed of amino acids?
An oxygen
What is not attached to the central carbon atom in an amino a…
12 terms
Chapter 5.1-2 Photosynthesis Holt Biology
photosynthesis
autotroph
cellular respiration
pigment
A process used by plants and other organisms to convert light…
An organism that can make its own food
the process in cells make ATP by breaking down organic compou…
light-absorbing molecule used by plants to gather the sun's e…
photosynthesis
A process used by plants and other organisms to convert light…
autotroph
An organism that can make its own food
27 terms
Biology Chapter 5
Methane
Binary fission
Saprophyte
Mutualism
a gas produced by bacteria from hydrogen and carbon dioxide
reproduction in which a bacterial cell divides into two cells…
an organism that decomposes dead organisms or waste matter
a closeness in which two organisms live together and help eac…
Methane
a gas produced by bacteria from hydrogen and carbon dioxide
Binary fission
reproduction in which a bacterial cell divides into two cells…
12 terms
Biology Chapter 5
Population Density
Age Structure
Immigration
Emigration
Number of individuals per unit area
Percentage of the population (or number of people of each sex…
Migration to a new location
Migration from a location
Population Density
Number of individuals per unit area
Age Structure
Percentage of the population (or number of people of each sex…
27 terms
Biology: CPS Chapter 5 - Cell Growth and Division
cell cycle
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides.
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
40 terms
Biology-- Chapter 5
cell cycle
four main stages of cell cycle
mitosis
Which stage of the cell cycle is the c…
regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell division…
gap 1, synthesis, gap 2, mitossi
division of cell nucleus and its contents
gap 1
cell cycle
regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell division…
four main stages of cell cycle
gap 1, synthesis, gap 2, mitossi
18 terms
Biology Chapter 5.1 Review
photosynthesis
autotroph
heterotroph
cellular respiration
the process by which light energy is converted to chemical en…
organisms that USE ENERGY from sunlight or from chemical bond…
organisms that MUST RECEIVE ENERGY from food instead of direc…
the process by which cells produce energy from carbohydrates;…
photosynthesis
the process by which light energy is converted to chemical en…
autotroph
organisms that USE ENERGY from sunlight or from chemical bond…
30 terms
biology chapter 5
hypertonic
hypotonic
ion channel
osmosis
(of a solution) having a higher osmotic pressure than a compa…
(of a solution) having a lower osmotic pressure than a compar…
A protein channel in a cell membrane that is specific for a p…
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
hypertonic
(of a solution) having a higher osmotic pressure than a compa…
hypotonic
(of a solution) having a lower osmotic pressure than a compar…
47 terms
Biology 120 chapter 5
biological molecules classes
macromolecules
dehydration reaction
hydrolysis
carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, proteins
carbohydrates, nucleic acids, and proteins... &... polymer of monom…
2 monomers bonded together with the loss of a water molecule
water breakage... bond between monomers is broken by addition of…
biological molecules classes
carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, proteins
macromolecules
carbohydrates, nucleic acids, and proteins... &... polymer of monom…
20 terms
Biology 205 Chapter 5
Base Pair
Cell Cycle
Centromere
Chromatin
Two complementary nucleotides in an RNA or DNA molecule that…
The orderly sequence of events by which a cell duplicates its…
Specialized DNA sequence that allows duplicated chromosomes t…
Complex of DNA and proteins that makes up the chromosomes in…
Base Pair
Two complementary nucleotides in an RNA or DNA molecule that…
Cell Cycle
The orderly sequence of events by which a cell duplicates its…
22 terms
biology chapter 5
hydroxyl group
carbonyl group
carboxyl group
amino group
hydroxyl group
carbonyl group
57 terms
BJU Biology Terms Chapter 5
genetics
gene
chromosome
histone
the study of heredity
a segment of DNA capable of producing a specific amino acid c…
a strand of DNA entwined with proteins; usually found within…
a protein that supports, protects, and helps maintain the tig…
genetics
the study of heredity
gene
a segment of DNA capable of producing a specific amino acid c…
23 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 5 Vocab
passive transport
diffusion
concentration gradient
Equilibrium
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
a difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
in biology, a state that exists when the concentration of a s…
passive transport
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
diffusion
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
Biology Chapter 5
Immigration
Emigration
Exponential Growth
Logistic Growth
Movement of individuals into an area occupied by an existing…
Movement of individuals out of an area.
Growth pattern in which the individuals in a population repro…
Growth patter in which a population's growth slows and then s…
Immigration
Movement of individuals into an area occupied by an existing…
Emigration
Movement of individuals out of an area.
16 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 5
Plasma membrane
Selective permeability
Fluid mosaic
Diffusion
A thin layer of lipids and proteins that sets cell off from s…
A property of biological membranes that allow some substances…
A description of the membrane structure, depicting the membra…
The spontaneous movement of particles of any kind from where…
Plasma membrane
A thin layer of lipids and proteins that sets cell off from s…
Selective permeability
A property of biological membranes that allow some substances…
19 terms
Biology - Chapter 5 - Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Cellular Respiration
The process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
An organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
The process by which cells produce energy from carbohydrates;…
Photosynthesis
The process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
Autotroph
An organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
27 terms
AGS Biology Chapter 5
Methane
Binary Fission
Saprophyte
Mutualism
A gas produced by bacteria from hydrogen and carbon dioxide
Reproduction in which a bacterial cell divides into two cells…
An organism that decomposes dead organisms or waste matter
A closeness in which two organisms live together and help eac…
Methane
A gas produced by bacteria from hydrogen and carbon dioxide
Binary Fission
Reproduction in which a bacterial cell divides into two cells…
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