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Biology Chapter 5 Study Guide
5.1
cell cycle is split into two sections
4 stages
mitosis 5 stages
the cell cycle
interphases & mitosis
g1, s phase, g2, mitosis
prophase... pro-metaphase ... metaphase... anaphase ... telophase
5.1
the cell cycle
cell cycle is split into two sections
interphases & mitosis
*Honors Biology Chapter 5 Review
interphase and mitosis
the longest part of the cell cycle
cells grow, develop, and carry on all…
nuclear division
What are the two main parts to the eukaryotic cell cycle?
What is interphase with respect to how long it takes?
What happens in interphase?
What is mitosis with respect to its type of division?
interphase and mitosis
What are the two main parts to the eukaryotic cell cycle?
the longest part of the cell cycle
What is interphase with respect to how long it takes?
Chapter 5 - AP Biology
Macromolecule
Polymer
Amylose
Monomer
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
The simplest form of starch, which is unbranched.
The repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a po…
Macromolecule
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
56 terms
Biology Campbell 10th - Chapter 5
macromolecule
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
polymer
monomer
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
the subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
macromolecule
a giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Four classes of biological macromolecu…
Proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids
Biology Chapter 5
Methane
Binary fission
Saprophyte
Mutualism
a gas produced by bacteria from hydrogen and carbon dioxide
reproduction in which a bacterial cell divides into two cells…
an organism that decomposes dead organisms or waste matter
a closeness in which two organisms live together and help eac…
Methane
a gas produced by bacteria from hydrogen and carbon dioxide
Binary fission
reproduction in which a bacterial cell divides into two cells…
55 terms
Biology 1 - Chapter 5
Macromolecules
Polymer
Monomer
Enzymes
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
The subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer. R…
A macromolecule serving as a catalyst, a chemical agent that…
Macromolecules
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
52 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 5 - Macromolecules
Dehydration (a type of synthesis react…
Hydrolysis (a type of decomposition re…
monosaccharide, chains (Carbohydrate,…
glucose, different representations (Ca…
Type of reaction in which monomers are joined by the loss of…
Process by which polymers are disassembled. The opposite of a…
Dehydration (a type of synthesis react…
Type of reaction in which monomers are joined by the loss of…
Hydrolysis (a type of decomposition re…
Process by which polymers are disassembled. The opposite of a…
Biology 121 - Chapter 5
Macromolecule
Polymer
Monmer
Enzyme
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
A long molecule consisting of many similar monomers linked to…
The subunit that serves as the building blocks of polymer
A macromolecule serving as a catalyst, a chemical agent that…
Macromolecule
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar monomers linked to…
87 terms
BJU Biology Chapter 5
Heredity
Aristotle
Preformationists
Gregor Mendel
The passing on of characteristics (in the form of genes) from…
He proposed that traits are passed through the parents' blood…
They believed complete organisms in the father's sperm.
He believed that traits are caused by factors which parents w…
Heredity
The passing on of characteristics (in the form of genes) from…
Aristotle
He proposed that traits are passed through the parents' blood…
24 terms
Chapter 5 biology
Endocytosis
Exocytosis
Osmosis
Hey hypotonic solution
Process by which a cell membrane surrounds a particle and enc…
Process by which a substance is RELEASED from the cell throug…
The diffusion of water
Solution is a solution where there is more solute inside the…
Endocytosis
Process by which a cell membrane surrounds a particle and enc…
Exocytosis
Process by which a substance is RELEASED from the cell throug…
21 terms
BIOLOGY CHAPTER 5
gene
extinction
biodiversity
genetic diversity
functional unit that controls the expression of inherited tra…
when a species permanently disappears from the biosphere
is the variety of life in an area that is determined by the n…
the variety of genes or inheritable characteristics that are…
gene
functional unit that controls the expression of inherited tra…
extinction
when a species permanently disappears from the biosphere
31 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 5 Vocab
Population Density
Immigration
Emigration
Exponential Growth
the number of individuals per unit area
the movement of individuals into an area
the movement of individuals out of a area
when the individuals in a population reproduce at a constant…
Population Density
the number of individuals per unit area
Immigration
the movement of individuals into an area
25 terms
Biology: Chapter 5: Photosynthesis
autotrophs
heterotrophs
photosynthesis
cellular respiration
organisms that use sunlight or inorganic compounds to make or…
organisms that must get energy from consuming food
process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy
releasing energy in food to create ATP to use for energy
autotrophs
organisms that use sunlight or inorganic compounds to make or…
heterotrophs
organisms that must get energy from consuming food
Chapter 5 vocabulary Biology
Cell cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosome
Synonym: Cell's life ... • The regular pattern of growth, DNA... d…
Synonym:DNA division... The division of the cells nucleus... and i…
Synonym: Cell splits... • Division of the cytoplasm. Last... stage…
Synonym:Genes... • A long, continuous thread... of DNA that consis…
Cell cycle
Synonym: Cell's life ... • The regular pattern of growth, DNA... d…
Mitosis
Synonym:DNA division... The division of the cells nucleus... and i…
Biology Chapter 5
Fission
Vegetative Reproduction
Budding
Fragmentation
Prokaryotes and some protozoa reproduce via binary fission
Many plants have evolved specialized genette features that al…
Organisms like proteins, yeast, and some viruses reproduce
Segmented worms and may echinoderms such as starfish to repro…
Fission
Prokaryotes and some protozoa reproduce via binary fission
Vegetative Reproduction
Many plants have evolved specialized genette features that al…
42 terms
Biology Chapter 5
Endocrine Signaling
Peptide Hormones
Steroid Hormones
Amino Acid-Derived Hormones
Involves secretion of hormones directly into the bloodstream;…
Composed of AAs and are derived from larger precursor protein…
Derived from cholesterol... Can pass PM... Bind intracellular or in…
Modified AAs... Chemistry shares features with peptide and stero…
Endocrine Signaling
Involves secretion of hormones directly into the bloodstream;…
Peptide Hormones
Composed of AAs and are derived from larger precursor protein…
7 terms
A Beka Biology chapter 5.1
taxonomy
Carolus Linnaeus
John Ray
kind
the process of arranging organisms into groups based on simil…
a Swedish naturalist who devised our current classification s…
an English clergyman who devoted much of his time to natural…
a group of similar organisms that are all descended from a si…
taxonomy
the process of arranging organisms into groups based on simil…
Carolus Linnaeus
a Swedish naturalist who devised our current classification s…
25 terms
Biology Chapter 5
cell division
binary fission
mitosis
cytokinesis
the process in which one cell (the parent cell) divides to fo…
the name of cell division in prokaryotes
the multi-phase process of division of the nucleus in eukaryo…
the process in which the cytoplasm divides
cell division
the process in which one cell (the parent cell) divides to fo…
binary fission
the name of cell division in prokaryotes
23 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 5
passive transport
diffusion
concentration gradient
Equilibrium
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
a difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
in biology, a state that exists when the concentration of a s…
passive transport
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
diffusion
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
12 terms
Biology Chapter 5
Population Density
Age Structure
Immigration
Emigration
Number of individuals per unit area
Percentage of the population (or number of people of each sex…
Migration to a new location
Migration from a location
Population Density
Number of individuals per unit area
Age Structure
Percentage of the population (or number of people of each sex…
Biology Chapter 5: Photosynthesis
Heterotroph
Example of a heterotroph
Autotrophs
Example of an autotroph
organism that gets energy from consuming others
animals, humans, fungus
organisms that produce their own energy/food
plants and bacteria
Heterotroph
organism that gets energy from consuming others
Example of a heterotroph
animals, humans, fungus
Biology 120 chapter 5
biological molecules classes
macromolecules
dehydration reaction
hydrolysis
carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, proteins
carbohydrates, nucleic acids, and proteins... &... polymer of monom…
2 monomers bonded together with the loss of a water molecule
water breakage... bond between monomers is broken by addition of…
biological molecules classes
carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, proteins
macromolecules
carbohydrates, nucleic acids, and proteins... &... polymer of monom…
Biology, Chapter 5.1, Biodiversity
extinction
biodiversity
genetic diversity
species diversity
entire species permanently disappear from the biosphere (last…
the variety of life in an area that is determined by the numb…
the variety of genes or inheritable characteristics that are…
the number of different species and the relative abundance of…
extinction
entire species permanently disappear from the biosphere (last…
biodiversity
the variety of life in an area that is determined by the numb…
Biology-- Chapter 5
cell cycle
four main stages of cell cycle
mitosis
Which stage of the cell cycle is the c…
regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell division…
gap 1, synthesis, gap 2, mitossi
division of cell nucleus and its contents
gap 1
cell cycle
regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell division…
four main stages of cell cycle
gap 1, synthesis, gap 2, mitossi
102 terms
biology chapter 5
selective permability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
integral proteins
some chemicals move easily through the plasma membrane while…
Molecules are said to be this when it has regions that are bo…
Structural model of the plasma membrane where molecules are f…
Integral proteins that span the membrane.... proteins implanted…
selective permability
some chemicals move easily through the plasma membrane while…
amphipathic
Molecules are said to be this when it has regions that are bo…
22 terms
A Beka Biology chapter 5.5
algae
plankton
colony
filament
the smallest of the green, chlorophyll-containing organisms
microorganisms that float near the surface of the water and p…
groups of single-celled green algae clumped together in diffe…
hairlike structures used to join algae cells into a colony
algae
the smallest of the green, chlorophyll-containing organisms
plankton
microorganisms that float near the surface of the water and p…
30 terms
biology chapter 5
hypertonic
hypotonic
ion channel
osmosis
(of a solution) having a higher osmotic pressure than a compa…
(of a solution) having a lower osmotic pressure than a compar…
A protein channel in a cell membrane that is specific for a p…
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
hypertonic
(of a solution) having a higher osmotic pressure than a compa…
hypotonic
(of a solution) having a lower osmotic pressure than a compar…
biology chapter 5
hydroxyl group
carbonyl group
carboxyl group
amino group
hydroxyl group
carbonyl group
Biology Chapter 5 - McElhaney
aflatoxin
ameba
anal pore
binary fission
A chemical that causes liver cancer and is produced by molds…
A protozoan that moves by pushing out parts of its cell
The opening through which undigested food leaves a paramecium
Reproduction in which a bacterial cell divides into two cells…
aflatoxin
A chemical that causes liver cancer and is produced by molds…
ameba
A protozoan that moves by pushing out parts of its cell
Biology 205 Chapter 5
Base Pair
Cell Cycle
Centromere
Chromatin
Two complementary nucleotides in an RNA or DNA molecule that…
The orderly sequence of events by which a cell duplicates its…
Specialized DNA sequence that allows duplicated chromosomes t…
Complex of DNA and proteins that makes up the chromosomes in…
Base Pair
Two complementary nucleotides in an RNA or DNA molecule that…
Cell Cycle
The orderly sequence of events by which a cell duplicates its…
Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
1. cell cycle
2. mitosis
3. cytokinesis
4. chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
1. cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
2. mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents
Chapter 5 Biology
Name 4 main stages of the cell
Which 3 stages make up interphase?
What happens to cells during interphase?
During Gap 1 a cell ______.
Gap 1, synthesis, Gap 2, Mitosis
Gap 1, Gap 2, Synthesis
They carry out their normal functions and undergo critical gr…
carries out its normal funtions.
Name 4 main stages of the cell
Gap 1, synthesis, Gap 2, Mitosis
Which 3 stages make up interphase?
Gap 1, Gap 2, Synthesis
23 terms
Biology chapter 5
Selective breeding
Aristotle
Performationism
Gregor Mendel
The ancient Babylonian's and Assyrians used this kind of bree…
Particles of the parents blood mix and then joined to form th…
They believed that inside the tiny person in that sperm are o…
parejts give one set of factors to offspring
Selective breeding
The ancient Babylonian's and Assyrians used this kind of bree…
Aristotle
Particles of the parents blood mix and then joined to form th…
7 terms
Chapter 5 biology
Cell-cell regonition
Intercellular joining
Pinocytosis
pincytosis
...
...
Cell drinking
1) a dimple form in the plasma membrane,which 2)deepens and s…
Cell-cell regonition
...
Intercellular joining
...
102 terms
Biology Prizzi Chapter 5 Meiosis
sexual reproduction
fertilization
zygote
gamete
the process in which a new individual is produced by the unio…
the union of two sex cells during sexual reproduction
the single cell formed from fertilization
a specialized haploid sex cell
sexual reproduction
the process in which a new individual is produced by the unio…
fertilization
the union of two sex cells during sexual reproduction
Biology Chapter 5
cell cycle
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
the regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell divi…
the division of the nucleus and its contents where the nuclea…
the process that divides the cell cytoplasm, resulting in two…
one long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous…
cell cycle
the regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell divi…
mitosis
the division of the nucleus and its contents where the nuclea…
23 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Review
Cell Cycle
Chromatids
Histones
Gap 1
The regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell divi…
Joined strands of duplicated genetic material.
DNA wraps around to condense to fit within the cell.
phase of the cell cycle that occupies most of the average cel…
Cell Cycle
The regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell divi…
Chromatids
Joined strands of duplicated genetic material.
101 terms
CHAPTER 5 - MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
DNA bases
Purines
Pyrimidines
Beta Linkages
Adenine, Guanine, Thymine, Cytosine
Guanine and Adenine ... have 2 rings
Cytosine , Thymine and Uracil ( in RNA)... have one ring... way t…
indicates that the anomeric carbon has a configuration with a…
DNA bases
Adenine, Guanine, Thymine, Cytosine
Purines
Guanine and Adenine ... have 2 rings
58 terms
biology chapter 5
apoptosis
cell cycle
interphase
G1 stage
programmed cell death
orderly set of stages that take place between the time a cell…
stages of the cell cycle during which growth and DNA synthesi…
occurs before DNA synthesis. cell doubles its organelles and…
apoptosis
programmed cell death
cell cycle
orderly set of stages that take place between the time a cell…
27 terms
Chapter 5 Voc. Biology
1.Cell cycle
2.Mitosis
3.Cytokinesis
4.Chromosome
Pattern of growthn DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
In eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms tw…
The division of the cytoplasm of a cell; cytokinesis follows…
In a eukaryotic cell one of the stuctures in the nucleus that…
1.Cell cycle
Pattern of growthn DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
2.Mitosis
In eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms tw…
45 terms
Biology Chapter 5
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosome
The regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication,and cell divis…
the division of the cell nucleus and its contents
the process that divides the cell's cytoplasm
one long continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous g…
Cell Cycle
The regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication,and cell divis…
Mitosis
the division of the cell nucleus and its contents
34 terms
Chapter 5 Biology
Polymer
enzymes
Dehydration
Hydrolysisis
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
specialized macromolecules that speed up cemical reactions
monomers are connected by a reaction in which two molecules a…
a process that the reverse of dehydration reaction. (the bond…
Polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
enzymes
specialized macromolecules that speed up cemical reactions
93 terms
Biology: Chapter 5
Describe chromosomal structure.
How does the structure of chromatin vs…
Histone protein
Non-histone protein
- rod shaped... -made of DNA & proteins... -in the nucleus as chrom…
chromatin- uncoiled... chromosomes- compact
round protein that DNA wraps tightly around to conserve SPACE…
nuclear protein involved in REGULATING the activity of specif…
Describe chromosomal structure.
- rod shaped... -made of DNA & proteins... -in the nucleus as chrom…
How does the structure of chromatin vs…
chromatin- uncoiled... chromosomes- compact
52 terms
Biology Chapter 5
All membranes of a cell have a similar…
Phospholipids responsible for
Proteins responsible for
Functions of the plasma membrane (5)
proteins suspended in a double layer of phospholipids
isolating the cells contents
- exchanging substances... - communicating with the environment…
- isolates the cell's contents from the external environment…
All membranes of a cell have a similar…
proteins suspended in a double layer of phospholipids
Phospholipids responsible for
isolating the cells contents
47 terms
BIOLOGY; CHAPTER 5
heterozygous
hybrid
allele
carrier
2 different chromosomes
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait
An alternative form of a gene
A person whose genotype includes a gene that is not expressed…
heterozygous
2 different chromosomes
hybrid
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait
Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
cell cycle
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosome
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
process by which the cell cytoplasm divides.
long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous gene…
cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication, and cell division that oc…
mitosis
process by which a cell divides its nucleus and contents.
Biology Chapter 5
important characteristics of population
geographic distribution (range)
population density
factors that affect population size
-geographic distribution... -density... -growth rate
the area inhabited by a population
the number of individuals per unit area
-number of births... -number of deaths ... -number or individuals t…
important characteristics of population
-geographic distribution... -density... -growth rate
geographic distribution (range)
the area inhabited by a population
50 terms
biology chapter 5
polymer
monomers
all living things are made up of four…
macromolecules
- a long molecule consisting of many similar building blocks
- small building blocks that make polymers
- carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids
- large molecules composed of thousands of covalently connect…
polymer
- a long molecule consisting of many similar building blocks
monomers
- small building blocks that make polymers
19 terms
Biology- Chapter 5 Vocab
Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Cellular Respiration
The process by which light energy is converted to chemical en…
Organisms that use energy from sunlight or from chemical bond…
Organisms that must get energy from food instead of directly…
A metabolic process similar to burning fuel. Releases energy…
Photosynthesis
The process by which light energy is converted to chemical en…
Autotroph
Organisms that use energy from sunlight or from chemical bond…
Biology Chapter 5
Cell cycle
G1
Synthesis
G2
regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell division…
Normal function, increases in size, organelles increase in nu…
Cell copies DNA and grows
Carries out normal function, additional growth, Includes a cr…
Cell cycle
regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell division…
G1
Normal function, increases in size, organelles increase in nu…
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