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Study sets matching "biology chapter 6 cells structure"

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Study sets matching "biology chapter 6 cells structure"

60 terms
Biology: Chapter 6 Cell Structure
Light microscope
Resolution
Nanometer
Micrometer
An optical instrument with lenses that refract light to magni…
A measure of the clarity of the image
.0000000001 m... .0000001 mm
.0001 mm... .0000001 m
Light microscope
An optical instrument with lenses that refract light to magni…
Resolution
A measure of the clarity of the image
71 terms
Chapter 6 Biology: Cell Structure and Functions
Cell Fractionation
Prokaryotic Cells:
Eukaryotic Cells:
Cytoplasm:
The process of taking cells apart and separates major organel…
-DNA is concentrated in a region that is not membrane-enclose…
-DNA is in an organelle called the nucleus, which is bounded…
The interior of the cell.
Cell Fractionation
The process of taking cells apart and separates major organel…
Prokaryotic Cells:
-DNA is concentrated in a region that is not membrane-enclose…
64 terms
Biology 1020 Chapter 6 Cell structure and Functions
Cell size is limited due to what
What are the two basic cell types
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
surface area to volume ratio
prokaryotic and eukaryotic
Archaea or Bacteria ... Nucleoid... most are unicellular ... many don'…
Everything besides Archaea or Bacteria ... Nucleus ... Most are mul…
Cell size is limited due to what
surface area to volume ratio
What are the two basic cell types
prokaryotic and eukaryotic
47 terms
Biology - Chapter 6 - Cell Structure
all ______ things are made of cells
the cell is the basic unit of structur…
all cells come from pre-existing cells…
Robert ______ named the cell in 1665
living
function
cell division
Hooke
all ______ things are made of cells
living
the cell is the basic unit of structur…
function
48 terms
Cell Structure - Chapter 6 - Biology
All _____ things are made of cells
The cell is the basic unit of structur…
All cells come from pre-existing cells…
Robert _______
living
function
cell division
Hooke
All _____ things are made of cells
living
The cell is the basic unit of structur…
function
46 terms
Biology - Chapter 6 - Cell Structure
all ______ things are made of cells
the cell is the basic unit of structur…
all cells come from pre-existing cells…
Robert ______ named the cell in 1665
living
function
cell division
Hooke
all ______ things are made of cells
living
the cell is the basic unit of structur…
function
Honors Biology - Chapter 6, Cell Structure
Cell Wall Composition
Cell Wall Function
Nucleus composition
nucleus function
Contains cellulose fibrils
helps the cell keep structure
nuclear envelope surrounding nucleoplasm, chromatin and nucle…
storage of genetic information (dna)
Cell Wall Composition
Contains cellulose fibrils
Cell Wall Function
helps the cell keep structure
63 terms
Chapter 6 Cell Structure
light microscopy
scanning electron microscopy
transmission electron microscopy
cell fractionation
uses light to permit magnification and viewing of cellular st…
A process that utilizes an electron beam to produce an image…
electrons penetrate an ultrathin section of tissue to strike…
technique in which cells are broken into pieces and the diffe…
light microscopy
uses light to permit magnification and viewing of cellular st…
scanning electron microscopy
A process that utilizes an electron beam to produce an image…
28 terms
Chapter 6: Cell Structure
Plasma membrane
Nucleus
Nuclear envelope
Nucleolus
-forms the boundary, enclosing the cell... -is selectively perme…
-contains most of the cell's DNA... -where DNA is used as the te…
-double membrane enclosing the nucleus... -perforated by pores t…
-non-membranous organelle involved in the production of ribos…
Plasma membrane
-forms the boundary, enclosing the cell... -is selectively perme…
Nucleus
-contains most of the cell's DNA... -where DNA is used as the te…
40 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Cell Structure/ Function
Cell theory
Robert Hooke
Robert Brown
Theodor Schwann
all cells from preexisting cells, and cell, or products of ce…
named cells, looked at cork = empty monk rooms/ honeycomb, li…
named nucleus
animals made of cells too, (swan)
Cell theory
all cells from preexisting cells, and cell, or products of ce…
Robert Hooke
named cells, looked at cork = empty monk rooms/ honeycomb, li…
66 terms
Biology 189 Chapter 6 - Cell Structure
When biologists wish to study the inte…
The advantage of light microscopy over…
A primary objective of cell fractionat…
Which of the following correctly lists…
a transmission electronic microscope
light microscopy allows one to view dynamic processes in livi…
separate the major organelles so that their particular functi…
nucleus, mitochondria, ribosomes
When biologists wish to study the inte…
a transmission electronic microscope
The advantage of light microscopy over…
light microscopy allows one to view dynamic processes in livi…
38 terms
Biology 189 Chapter 6 - Cell Structure
Plasma Membrane
What two parts compose a liquid solution
Solute
Solvent
- Gate and gatekeeper of a cell... - Important biological molec…
- Solute... - Solvent
- The substance the agent is dissolving in... - Ex: Water
- The dissolved agent.... - Ex: Sugar
Plasma Membrane
- Gate and gatekeeper of a cell... - Important biological molec…
What two parts compose a liquid solution
- Solute... - Solvent
12 terms
BSCS Biology: A Molecular Approach Chapter 6- Cell Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
cytoskeleton
Lysosome
1. Has 2 lipid layers... 2. Has surface and embedded proteins wi…
1. Control center of the cell... 2. Contains most of the cell's…
1. Network of proteins of hollow microtubules, solid, flexibl…
site of intracellular digestion; formed by budding form Golgi…
Plasma Membrane
1. Has 2 lipid layers... 2. Has surface and embedded proteins wi…
Nucleus
1. Control center of the cell... 2. Contains most of the cell's…
59 terms
Chapter 6: Cell Structure
Is it better for the surface-to-volume…
What do prokaryotic and eukaryotic cel…
What are the differences between proka…
What do only animal cells have?
It is better for it to be higher because there is a limited a…
they both have a plasma membrane, cytoplasm, DNA, and ribosomes
prokaryotic cells have:... -nucleoid region... eukaryotic cells ha…
centrioles, flagella
Is it better for the surface-to-volume…
It is better for it to be higher because there is a limited a…
What do prokaryotic and eukaryotic cel…
they both have a plasma membrane, cytoplasm, DNA, and ribosomes
36 terms
Biology 112 Chapter 6: Cell structure and function
Light micoscope
Transmission Electron Microscope
Scanning Electron Microscope
Mitcochondrion
enlargement provided by objective lens and ocular glass lenses
specimen has to be dead, very high resolution
Better but nit as good as electric, specimen can be alive, 3D…
'power house' ... make energy
Light micoscope
enlargement provided by objective lens and ocular glass lenses
Transmission Electron Microscope
specimen has to be dead, very high resolution
57 terms
Chapter 6: Cell Structure
Do cells have a limit on how big they…
A limited amount of what can cross a p…
Why are cells that have higher surface…
For every increase in surface area, th…
Cells do have a limit on how big they can be.
A limited amount of substance can cross a plasma membrane per…
Cells that have a higher surface to volume ratio are more eff…
For every increase in surface area, there is also an increase…
Do cells have a limit on how big they…
Cells do have a limit on how big they can be.
A limited amount of what can cross a p…
A limited amount of substance can cross a plasma membrane per…
26 terms
Biology: Chapter 6: Cell Structure and Internal Compartments
In a microscope, you observe an organe…
Consider a protein that is destined to…
According to the fluid mosaic model of…
Which of the following structures prod…
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum; Golgi Apparatus
the membrane is a highly mobile mixture of phospholipids and…
Eukaryotic Cilia, Eukaryotic Flagella
In a microscope, you observe an organe…
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Consider a protein that is destined to…
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum; Golgi Apparatus
39 terms
Chapter 6: Cell Structure
Define: organelles
Prokaryotic vs. eukaryotic cells
Eukaryotic cells have...
Main points to know of the cell
In cell biology, an organelle is a specialized subunit within…
1) A nucleus with DNA... 2) Endoplasmic reticulum... 3) Golgi appar…
Define: organelles
In cell biology, an organelle is a specialized subunit within…
Prokaryotic vs. eukaryotic cells
67 terms
Bio chapter 6: Cell structure
Modern Cell Theory
Robert Hooke
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
Henri Dutrochet
(1838-1839) Shwann and Schliden... 1. All cells come from pre-e…
- 1600s... - Put cork under magnifying glass, and saw box-like s…
- Late 1600's... - Developed the microscope- 2 lenses: compound,…
- 1824... - Organisms are composed of cells and a cohesive subst…
Modern Cell Theory
(1838-1839) Shwann and Schliden... 1. All cells come from pre-e…
Robert Hooke
- 1600s... - Put cork under magnifying glass, and saw box-like s…
52 terms
Chapter 6 Biology: Cell Structures and their functions
Hooke
Leeuwenhoek found cells where:
Leeuwenhoek
What year was cell theory discovered?
is known for naming the cell... . made microscope... .cells looked…
in rainwater, blood, plaque (teeth), hot coffee plaque
glassmaker... .he is the first to discover and see microbes... .kno…
1839
Hooke
is known for naming the cell... . made microscope... .cells looked…
Leeuwenhoek found cells where:
in rainwater, blood, plaque (teeth), hot coffee plaque
24 terms
AP Biology-Chapter 6-Cell
cell
Electron Microscope
cytosol
prokaryotic cell
-the simplest collection of matter that can live... -bound by pl…
-focuses a beam of electrons through the specimen or into it'…
semi fluid within the membrane
-no nucleus... -organisms of the domains bacteria and archaea... -h…
cell
-the simplest collection of matter that can live... -bound by pl…
Electron Microscope
-focuses a beam of electrons through the specimen or into it'…
58 terms
Chapter 6 Cell Structure
cells are examples of
Basic unit of life
cells have types of cells
unicellular is
emergent properties
cells
Unicellular... multicellular
entire organism
cells are examples of
emergent properties
Basic unit of life
cells
14 terms
Cell Structure (Chapter 6)
mitochondria
nucleus
nucleolus
lysosome (animal only)
ENERGY PRODUCTION. Organelle where cellular respiration occur…
CONTROL CENTER OF THE CELL. Hold genetic info; where DNA is u…
MANUFACTURES RIBOSOMES. A region of the nucleus where ribosom…
DIGESTS GARBAGE OF CELL. Membrane bound sacs containing diges…
mitochondria
ENERGY PRODUCTION. Organelle where cellular respiration occur…
nucleus
CONTROL CENTER OF THE CELL. Hold genetic info; where DNA is u…
25 terms
Chapter 6 - Cell Structure (Cell Structure)
Eukaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Cells
Animal Cells
Plant Cells
membrane-bound components (organelles), DNA in nucleus
smaller than E cells, no membrane-bound compartments, DNA fou…
no cell wall, centrioles, no chloroplasts,
cell wall, no centrioles, chloroplasts, plasmodesmata, centra…
Eukaryotic Cells
membrane-bound components (organelles), DNA in nucleus
Prokaryotic Cells
smaller than E cells, no membrane-bound compartments, DNA fou…
54 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 6 (cells)
light microscopy
scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
transmission electron microscopy (TEM)
cell fractionation
magnification of cellular structures up to 1000 X
image of 3D surface coated with heavy metal like gold (100,00…
image of ultra thin slice to view intracellular components (5…
technique that breaks cells and separates their components
light microscopy
magnification of cellular structures up to 1000 X
scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
image of 3D surface coated with heavy metal like gold (100,00…
43 terms
Chapter 6: Cell Structure
Organelles
Electron Microscope
Scanning electron microscope
Transmissions electron microscope
D:Any of several membrane-enclosed structures with specialize…
D:A microscope that uses magnets to focus an election beam on…
D: A microscope that uses an electron bean to scan the surfac…
D: A microscope that passes an electron beam through very thi…
Organelles
D:Any of several membrane-enclosed structures with specialize…
Electron Microscope
D:A microscope that uses magnets to focus an election beam on…
28 terms
Cell Structure (Chapter 6)
nucleus
nucleolus
DNA
ribosome
control center... contains: nuclear lamina, membrane, pores, nuc…
located in nucleus... RNA-rich area... creates ribosomal subunits
located in nucleus, mitochondria, & chloroplasts... chromosomes…
makes proteins and antibodies ... free (unattached) and attached
nucleus
control center... contains: nuclear lamina, membrane, pores, nuc…
nucleolus
located in nucleus... RNA-rich area... creates ribosomal subunits
31 terms
Chapter 6 Cell Structure
Mitochondria
Ribosomes
Nucleus
Lysosome
where cell respiration occurs
Made of ribosomal RNA and protein; where RNA is stored; most…
where genetic information is stored; controls cells DNA--> Ch…
contains sacs of hydrolytic enzymes; ... "also known as garbage…
Mitochondria
where cell respiration occurs
Ribosomes
Made of ribosomal RNA and protein; where RNA is stored; most…
22 terms
Chapter 6 - Cell Structure
prokaryote
eukaryote
nuclear envelope
nuclear lamina
cell without a nucleus
cell with a nucleus
double membrane that encloses nucleus separating it from the…
net-like array of proteins that act as a scaffolding for enve…
prokaryote
cell without a nucleus
eukaryote
cell with a nucleus
51 terms
Chapter 6: Cell Structure
Life is Cellular
light microscope (LM)
electron microscopes (EMs)
Cell Size
All organisms are made of cells... • The cell is the simplest co…
visible light is passed through a specimen and then through g…
• Scanning electron microscopes (SEMs) focus a beam of electr…
Cell size is limited.... -As cell size increases, it takes longe…
Life is Cellular
All organisms are made of cells... • The cell is the simplest co…
light microscope (LM)
visible light is passed through a specimen and then through g…
40 terms
Chapter 6- Cell Structure and Function
four things all cells have
3 statements in cell theory
eukaryotes evolved for_______
prokaryotes evolved for _________
cytoplasm, DNA, cell membrane, ribosomes
1. all things are made of cells 2. all cells come form existi…
complexity
efficiency
four things all cells have
cytoplasm, DNA, cell membrane, ribosomes
3 statements in cell theory
1. all things are made of cells 2. all cells come form existi…
63 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 6 (cells)
light microscopy
scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
transmission electron microscopy (TEM)
cell fractionation
magnification of cellular structures up to 1000 X
image of 3D surface coated with heavy metal like gold (100,00…
image of ultra thin slice to view intracellular components (5…
technique that breaks cells and separates their components
light microscopy
magnification of cellular structures up to 1000 X
scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
image of 3D surface coated with heavy metal like gold (100,00…
20 terms
Chapter 6: Cell Structure
Which are bigger, prokaryotic or eukar…
Inside all cells is a semifluid, jelly…
In prokaryotes, where is DNA found?
In eukaryotes, where is DNA found?
Eukaryotic cells
cytosol
Prokaryotic DNA is concentrated in a nucleoid, a not membrane…
Eukaryotic DNA is contained in a membrane-bound organelle cal…
Which are bigger, prokaryotic or eukar…
Eukaryotic cells
Inside all cells is a semifluid, jelly…
cytosol
63 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 6 (cells)
light microscopy
scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
transmission electron microscopy (TEM)
cell fractionation
magnification of cellular structures up to 1000 X
image of 3D surface coated with heavy metal like gold (100,00…
image of ultra thin slice to view intracellular components (5…
technique that breaks cells and separates their components
light microscopy
magnification of cellular structures up to 1000 X
scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
image of 3D surface coated with heavy metal like gold (100,00…
21 terms
chapter 6 cell structure
cell theory
spontaneous generation
surface area-to-volume ratio
cell requirements
all organisms are composed of 1 or more cells, and the life p…
something can arise from nothing
cells typically remain relatively small, easier to diffuse/mo…
genetic material (DNA), cytoplasm (semifluid matrix, contains…
cell theory
all organisms are composed of 1 or more cells, and the life p…
spontaneous generation
something can arise from nothing
12 terms
BSCS Biology: A Molecular Approach Chapter 6- Cell Structure
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
cytoskeleton
Lysosome
1. Has 2 lipid layers... 2. Has surface and embedded proteins wi…
1. Control center of the cell... 2. Contains most of the cell's…
1. Network of proteins of hollow microtubules, solid, flexibl…
site of intracellular digestion; formed by budding form Golgi…
Plasma Membrane
1. Has 2 lipid layers... 2. Has surface and embedded proteins wi…
Nucleus
1. Control center of the cell... 2. Contains most of the cell's…
14 terms
Chapter 6: Cell Structure
Cytosol
Cytoplasm
Plasma Membrane
Ribosome
Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic; Organelle; Semi-fluid (Jelly Like);…
Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic; Organelle; Interior of cell; Suspen…
Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic; Organelle; At boundary of every cel…
Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic; Organelle; Complex made up of ribos…
Cytosol
Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic; Organelle; Semi-fluid (Jelly Like);…
Cytoplasm
Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic; Organelle; Interior of cell; Suspen…
26 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Cell Organelles
Vacuoles
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
Store waste products, nutrients, and water. In plant cells it…
DNA is found in the nucleus, RNA is also made here; surrounde…
This produces ribosomes; found in the nucleus
Part of the cell that is outside the nucleus; contains organe…
Vacuoles
Store waste products, nutrients, and water. In plant cells it…
Nucleus
DNA is found in the nucleus, RNA is also made here; surrounde…
33 terms
Biology- Chapter 7- Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
15 terms
Chapter 6: Cell Structure
What are the components of the Cytoske…
Name all the organelles
What is the Fluid Mosiac Model?
Function of the Plasma Membrane
Microtubles, Intermediate Filaments, Microfilaments
Plasma Membrane, Cytoplasm, Nucleus, Ribosome, Endoplasmic Re…
a highly mobile mixture of phospholipids, other types of lipi…
Phosholipid bilayer that forms the outer boundary of any cell
What are the components of the Cytoske…
Microtubles, Intermediate Filaments, Microfilaments
Name all the organelles
Plasma Membrane, Cytoplasm, Nucleus, Ribosome, Endoplasmic Re…
36 terms
Chapter 6 - Cell Structure
Why do cells have a size limit?
What is a prokaryotic cell?
What is a eukaryotic cell?
What do animal cells have that plant c…
1) there is a limited amount of substance that can pass throu…
1) It has no membrane around its DNA (no nucleus)... 2) There ar…
1) Its DNA is inside a nucleus... 2) It has many membrane bound…
Centrioles and flagella
Why do cells have a size limit?
1) there is a limited amount of substance that can pass throu…
What is a prokaryotic cell?
1) It has no membrane around its DNA (no nucleus)... 2) There ar…
22 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Cell Organelles
Vacuoles
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
Store waste products, nutrients, and water. In plant cells it…
DNA is found in the nucleus, RNA is also made here; surrounde…
This produces ribosomes; found in the nucleus
Part of the cell that is outside the nucleus; contains organe…
Vacuoles
Store waste products, nutrients, and water. In plant cells it…
Nucleus
DNA is found in the nucleus, RNA is also made here; surrounde…
36 terms
Biology: Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
27 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6: The Cell
Ribosomes, Cell membrane, cell wall, D…
nucleolus
the higher the SA:V ratio the higher t…
Microvilli; The microvilli increase th…
Name all the cell parts found within ALL prokaryotic cells.
located in the nucleus, makes, synthesizes, and partially ass…
What is the relationship between surface area and volume rati…
Which unique feature of this intestinal cell allows it to inc…
Ribosomes, Cell membrane, cell wall, D…
Name all the cell parts found within ALL prokaryotic cells.
nucleolus
located in the nucleus, makes, synthesizes, and partially ass…
Cell Biology: Chapter 6
Why is the Okazaki fragment necessary?
What are okazaki fragments?
What does DNA polymerase do?
What does primase do?
Because the lagging strand goes from 3' to 5' and therefore i…
Short, newly synthesized DNA fragments that are formed on the…
Proofreads functions and corrects wrong nucleotides
Synthesizes short RNA sequences called primers
Why is the Okazaki fragment necessary?
Because the lagging strand goes from 3' to 5' and therefore i…
What are okazaki fragments?
Short, newly synthesized DNA fragments that are formed on the…
25 terms
Chapter 6: Cell Organelle Structure and function
cell theory
organelle
plasma membrane
nucleus
generalization that all living things are composed of cells,…
part of a cell with a specific function
thin outer boundary of a cell that regulates the traffic of c…
in a cell, the part that houses the cell's genetic material i…
cell theory
generalization that all living things are composed of cells,…
organelle
part of a cell with a specific function
9 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Cells
Cell Fractionation
Centrifuge
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
Takes cells apart and separates the major organelles from one…
Is used to fractionate cells into their component parts
Don't contain a nucleus; Have their DNA located in a region c…
Contains a Nucleus; Generally bigger than prokaryotic
Cell Fractionation
Takes cells apart and separates the major organelles from one…
Centrifuge
Is used to fractionate cells into their component parts
46 terms
Chapter 6 : Cell Structure and Function
List 3 features that all living cells…
What limits the size of a cell?
Phospholipid Bilayer
Integral Membrane Proteins
1. Plasma Membrane 2. Cytosol 3. Chromosomes
The surface area to volume ratio
Stable boundary between two aqueous compartments
Penetrates the hydrophobic interior of a lipid bilayer
List 3 features that all living cells…
1. Plasma Membrane 2. Cytosol 3. Chromosomes
What limits the size of a cell?
The surface area to volume ratio
19 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 6
DNA ligase
DNA repair
DNA replication
homologous recombination
Enzyme that reseals nicks that arise in the backbone of a ... DN…
Enzymatic process that corrects deleterious changes affecting…
The process by which a copy of a DNA molecule is made.
Mechanism by which the double-strand breaks in a DNA molecule…
DNA ligase
Enzyme that reseals nicks that arise in the backbone of a ... DN…
DNA repair
Enzymatic process that corrects deleterious changes affecting…
28 terms
Chapter 6, 7, and 11 Biology Review (Cell Structure and Function)
What are the three roles of the cytosk…
What are the three main types of fiber…
Identify the four functions of microtu…
What is the main function of the golgi…
support, mobility, and regulation
microtubules, microfilaments, intermediate filaments
maintenance of cell shape, cell motility, chromosome movement…
mainly modifies proteins and sorts Golgi products, which are…
What are the three roles of the cytosk…
support, mobility, and regulation
What are the three main types of fiber…
microtubules, microfilaments, intermediate filaments
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