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Study sets matching "biology chapter 6 pre ap"

28 terms
Pre-ap Biology Chapter 6 and 7 Vocabulary
autotrophs
heterotrophs
wavelength
pigment
Organism that makes its own food using energy from the enviro…
Organism that obtains carbon from organic compounds assembled…
Distance between the crests of two successive waves.
An organic molecule that can absorb light of certain waveleng…
autotrophs
Organism that makes its own food using energy from the enviro…
heterotrophs
Organism that obtains carbon from organic compounds assembled…
35 terms
chapter 6 pre ap biology
PROTEIN
PROTEIN
PROTEIN
PROTEIN
Function: Transport substances, speed up reactions, make horm…
Made up of 20 different amino acids
Held together by peptide bonds
ex: skin, hair, muscles, enzymes, hemoglobin
PROTEIN
Function: Transport substances, speed up reactions, make horm…
PROTEIN
Made up of 20 different amino acids
23 terms
Pre AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocab
agriculture
green revolution
renewable resource
nonrenewable resources
practice of farming
introduction of modern agricultural techniques to increase gl…
can regenerate if they are alive or can be replenished by bio…
one that can not be replenished by natural resources
agriculture
practice of farming
green revolution
introduction of modern agricultural techniques to increase gl…
18 terms
Pre-AP Biology Chapter 6
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
producers or "self feeders"; make food from inorganic molecules
consumers or "other eaters"; get food by eating other organisms
uses sun's energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into su…
uses oxygen to convert organic molecules into energy molecules
Autotrophs
producers or "self feeders"; make food from inorganic molecules
Heterotrophs
consumers or "other eaters"; get food by eating other organisms
17 terms
Pre Ap Biology Chapter 6
autotrophs
heterotrophes
photosynthesis
cellular respiration
self feeders, makes food from inorganic molecules
other eaters, gets food by eating other organisms
use suns energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into sugar
use oxygen to convert organic molecules into energy molecules
autotrophs
self feeders, makes food from inorganic molecules
heterotrophes
other eaters, gets food by eating other organisms
19 terms
Pre AP Biology Chapter 6 Test Review
hunters and gatherers
agriculture
green revolution
industial growth/urban development
make minimal demands... caused extinction of large mammals/other…
provides food supply... green revolution
Introduction of modern agricultural techniques to increase gl…
mass production increased efficiency... creates pollution... increa…
hunters and gatherers
make minimal demands... caused extinction of large mammals/other…
agriculture
provides food supply... green revolution
33 terms
chapter 6 pre-ap biology
Somatic cells
Gametes
Homologous chromosomes
Autosomes
aka body cells, make up most of your body tissues and organs
are sex cells - egg, sperm
two chromosomes- one inherited from the mother, one from the…
chromosomes that contain genes for characteristics not direct…
Somatic cells
aka body cells, make up most of your body tissues and organs
Gametes
are sex cells - egg, sperm
47 terms
PreAP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Cell fractionation
Cell wall
Central vacuole
Centriole
The disruption of a cell and separation of its organelles by…
A protective layer external to the plasma membrane in plant c…
A membranous sac in a mature plant cell with diverse roles in…
A structure in an animal cell composed of cylinders of microt…
Cell fractionation
The disruption of a cell and separation of its organelles by…
Cell wall
A protective layer external to the plasma membrane in plant c…
48 terms
Pre-Ap Bio Chapter 6 (2015)
Hans + Janssen
Robert Hooke
Leeuwenhoek
Schleiden
Produced the first compound microscope
Named the cell
Observed living cells through simple microscope
Discovered plants are made of cells
Hans + Janssen
Produced the first compound microscope
Robert Hooke
Named the cell
23 terms
Pre-AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocab.
Agriculture
Green Revolution
Renewable Resource
Nonrenewable Resource
Practice of farming.
Introduction of modern agricultural techniques to increase gl…
Can regenerates if they are alive or can be replenished by bi…
One that cannot be replenished by natural processes.
Agriculture
Practice of farming.
Green Revolution
Introduction of modern agricultural techniques to increase gl…
80 terms
Biology Pre IB AP Chapter 6
Cell theory
Micrograph
Organelle
Plasma membrane
All living things are composed of cells, cells are the basic…
Photograph of the view through a microscope
Part of a cell, specific functions
Defines boundary of the cell and regulates traffic of chemicals
Cell theory
All living things are composed of cells, cells are the basic…
Micrograph
Photograph of the view through a microscope
32 terms
PreAP Biology Chapter 6
Which organisms undergo photosynthesis?
Which organisms undergo Cellular Respi…
What is the purpose of photosynthesis?
What is the purpose of cellular respir…
Plants
All organisms
To convert CO2 by using sunlight to oxygen.
The making of energy for the cells and it necessary because t…
Which organisms undergo photosynthesis?
Plants
Which organisms undergo Cellular Respi…
All organisms
34 terms
Pre AP Biology Chapter 6 Test Review
Carbohydrates Function
Lipids Function
Proteins Function
Nucleic Acids Function
store energy
store energy & provide barriers
helps bone structure & all those great magical other things (…
store genetic information
Carbohydrates Function
store energy
Lipids Function
store energy & provide barriers
15 terms
Pre-AP Biology: Chapter 6-Vocabulary Review
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
Heterotroph
Light reactions
Organisms that use energy from sunlight or from chemical bond…
The process by which green plants and some other organisms us…
Animals and other organisms that must get energy from food in…
Light energy (absorbed from the sun) is converted to chemical…
Autotroph
Organisms that use energy from sunlight or from chemical bond…
Photosynthesis
The process by which green plants and some other organisms us…
43 terms
Chapter 6 Study Guide PreAP Biology
photosystem
Calvin Cycle
Glucose
Dark Reaction
What is a cluster of pigments?
What is it called when organic compounds are formed uning CO2…
What does the calvin cycle produce?
What occurs in the stroma?
photosystem
What is a cluster of pigments?
Calvin Cycle
What is it called when organic compounds are formed uning CO2…
23 terms
PreAP Biology Chapter 6 vocab
agriculture
green revolution
renewable resource
nonrenewable resource
practice of farming
introduction of modern agricultural techniques to increase gl…
can regenerate if they are alive or can be replenished by bio…
one that cannot be replenished by natural processes
agriculture
practice of farming
green revolution
introduction of modern agricultural techniques to increase gl…
PreAP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Cell fractionation
Cell wall
Central vacuole
Centriole
The disruption of a cell and separation of its organelles by…
A protective layer external to the plasma membrane in plant c…
A membranous sac in a mature plant cell with diverse roles in…
A structure in an animal cell composed of cylinders of microt…
Cell fractionation
The disruption of a cell and separation of its organelles by…
Cell wall
A protective layer external to the plasma membrane in plant c…
PreAP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Cell fractionation
Cell wall
Central vacuole
Centriole
The disruption of a cell and separation of its organelles by…
A protective layer external to the plasma membrane in plant c…
A membranous sac in a mature plant cell with diverse roles in…
A structure in an animal cell composed of cylinders of microt…
Cell fractionation
The disruption of a cell and separation of its organelles by…
Cell wall
A protective layer external to the plasma membrane in plant c…
54 terms
Biology Pre IB AP Chapter 6
Cell theory
Micrograph
Organelle
Plasma membrane
All living things are composed of cells, cells are the basic…
Photograph of the view through a microscope
Part of a cell, specific functions
Defines boundary of the cell and regulates traffic of chemicals
Cell theory
All living things are composed of cells, cells are the basic…
Micrograph
Photograph of the view through a microscope
47 terms
PreAP Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Cell fractionation
Cell wall
Central vacuole
Centriole
The disruption of a cell and separation of its organelles by…
A protective layer external to the plasma membrane in plant c…
A membranous sac in a mature plant cell with diverse roles in…
A structure in an animal cell composed of cylinders of microt…
Cell fractionation
The disruption of a cell and separation of its organelles by…
Cell wall
A protective layer external to the plasma membrane in plant c…
56 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
47 terms
Pre-AP Biology Chapter 6 Vocab
cell fractionation
cell wall
central vacuole
centriole
the disruption of a cell and separation of its organelles by…
a protective layer external to the plasma membrane in plant c…
a membranous sac in a mature plant cell with diverse roles in…
a structure in an animal cell composed of cylinders of microt…
cell fractionation
the disruption of a cell and separation of its organelles by…
cell wall
a protective layer external to the plasma membrane in plant c…
56 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
56 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
33 terms
Pre-AP Biology Vocab #2 Chapter 6 U2
macromolecule
monomer
polymer
dehydration synthesis
large molecule formed by joining smaller organic molecules to…
building block or single subunit
large molecule formed from smaller repeating units
to join two molecules by removing the water (creates covalent…
macromolecule
large molecule formed by joining smaller organic molecules to…
monomer
building block or single subunit
9 terms
Chapter 6 Pre Ap Vocabulary
commission
percent of change
interest
percent of decrease
a fee paid to a person who makes a sale
the amount, stated as a percent, that a number increases or d…
the amount of money charged for borrowing or using money, or…
the amount, stated as a percent, that a number decreases.
commission
a fee paid to a person who makes a sale
percent of change
the amount, stated as a percent, that a number increases or d…
43 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
35 terms
Pre-AP Bio Chapter 6
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Photosynthesis
Cellular respiration
self feeders, make food from inorganic molecules
other eaters, get food by eating other oranisms
uses sun's energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into su…
uses oxygen to convert organic molecules into energy molecules
Autotrophs
self feeders, make food from inorganic molecules
Heterotrophs
other eaters, get food by eating other oranisms
24 terms
AP Biology-Chapter 6-Cell
cell
Electron Microscope
cytosol
prokaryotic cell
-the simplest collection of matter that can live... -bound by pl…
-focuses a beam of electrons through the specimen or into it'…
semi fluid within the membrane
-no nucleus... -organisms of the domains bacteria and archaea... -h…
cell
-the simplest collection of matter that can live... -bound by pl…
Electron Microscope
-focuses a beam of electrons through the specimen or into it'…
26 terms
Chapter 6.3-6.4 Pre-AP Biology
Polar Molecules
Hydrogen Bonds
Polar Covalent Bonds
Cohesion
Molecules that have an unequal distribution of charges. One s…
Weak bonds that hold water together. Involves a hydrogen atom…
The unequal distribution of electrons. Causes the polarity th…
Attraction between two of the same particles
Polar Molecules
Molecules that have an unequal distribution of charges. One s…
Hydrogen Bonds
Weak bonds that hold water together. Involves a hydrogen atom…
64 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
cell diagram
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed compartments
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
cell in which most DNA is found in the nucleus
cell diagram
organelles
membrane-enclosed compartments
36 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6
Organelles
Electron Microscope
Transmission Electron Microscope
Scanning Electron Microscope
Structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
microscope that forms an image by focusing beams of electrons…
Which type of microscope would allow the viewer to see riboso…
An electron microscope used to study the fine details of cell…
Organelles
Structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a…
Electron Microscope
microscope that forms an image by focusing beams of electrons…
45 terms
Ap Biology Chapter 6
Golgi apparatus
Lysosomes
Tay-Sachs disease
Phagocytosis
Accepts vesicles from er and further modifies the protein
A single membrane sac that contains hydrolytic enzymes
Brain cells get clogged with very large lipids due to lysosom…
Cells ingesting other cells
Golgi apparatus
Accepts vesicles from er and further modifies the protein
Lysosomes
A single membrane sac that contains hydrolytic enzymes
44 terms
pre ap world chapter 6
axum
ethiopia
sahara
shintoism
kingdom located in Ethiopian highlands replaced Meroe in firs…
Christian kingdom that developed in highlands of eastern Afri…
desert running across northern Africa; separates the Mediterr…
religion of early Japanese; devotees worshipped numerous gods…
axum
kingdom located in Ethiopian highlands replaced Meroe in firs…
ethiopia
Christian kingdom that developed in highlands of eastern Afri…
28 terms
Pre-AP Biology Vocab #1 Chapter 6 U2
atom
proton
neutron
electron
building block of matter; subatomic particles--neutrons, prot…
positively charged particle in an atom's nucleus
particle without a charge in an atom's nucleus
negatively charged particle that occupies space around an ato…
atom
building block of matter; subatomic particles--neutrons, prot…
proton
positively charged particle in an atom's nucleus
32 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6
Metabolism
Catabolic Pathways
Anabolic Pathways
pathways can be coupled
all of an organism's chemical reactions... - an emergent propert…
- release energy... - break down molecules into smaller molecule…
- consumes energy... - builds up bigger molecules from smaller o…
- cell can use energy released from a catabolic pathway to dr…
Metabolism
all of an organism's chemical reactions... - an emergent propert…
Catabolic Pathways
- release energy... - break down molecules into smaller molecule…
44 terms
pre ap world chapter 6
axum
ethiopia
sahara
shintoism
kingdom located in Ethiopian highlands replaced Meroe in firs…
Christian kingdom that developed in highlands of eastern Afri…
desert running across northern Africa; separates the Mediterr…
religion of early Japanese; devotees worshipped numerous gods…
axum
kingdom located in Ethiopian highlands replaced Meroe in firs…
ethiopia
Christian kingdom that developed in highlands of eastern Afri…
39 terms
Chapter 6.4 study guide -- Pre AP Biology
Two monosaccharides combined make a __…
Three or more monosaccharides combined…
What 3 elements make up carbohydrates?…
Which two macromolecules have Carbon,…
Disaccharide
Polysaccharide
Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen --- 1:2:1
Carbohydrates and Lipids
Two monosaccharides combined make a __…
Disaccharide
Three or more monosaccharides combined…
Polysaccharide
64 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
organelles
cell fractionation
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed compartments
takes cells apart and separates the major organelles and othe…
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
cell in which most DNA is found in the nucleus
organelles
membrane-enclosed compartments
cell fractionation
takes cells apart and separates the major organelles and othe…
83 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 and 7 Vocabulary
organelles
cytology
cell fractionation
eukaryotic cell
membrane enclosed structures in eukaryotic cells
study of cell structure
takes cells apart and separates major organelles
protists, fungi, animals, and plants. has a nucleus with the…
organelles
membrane enclosed structures in eukaryotic cells
cytology
study of cell structure
15 terms
Chapter 6-7 Study Guide Pre-AP Biology
Products and Reactants of Photosynthesis
What are the basic properties of light…
What are the 3 steps of photosynthesis…
Where is photosynthesis occurring?
Carbon dioxide and water -> Glucose and Oxygen
Wavelength, frequency, energy and speed. Light travels as a w…
Photosystem 1, Photosystem 2, Calvin Cycle. Light and water a…
Photosynthesis occurs in the chloroplasts, light dependent re…
Products and Reactants of Photosynthesis
Carbon dioxide and water -> Glucose and Oxygen
What are the basic properties of light…
Wavelength, frequency, energy and speed. Light travels as a w…
63 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6
light microscopy
scanning electron microscopy
transmission electron microscopy
cell fractionation
uses light to permit magnification and viewing of cellular st…
A process that utilizes an electron beam to produce an image…
electrons penetrate an ultrathin section of tissue to strike…
technique in which cells are broken into pieces and the diffe…
light microscopy
uses light to permit magnification and viewing of cellular st…
scanning electron microscopy
A process that utilizes an electron beam to produce an image…
56 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
16 terms
Pre-AP Chapter 6 Terms
administration
precedents
Cabinet
tariffs
the officials in the executive branch of government
acts or statements that become traditions to be followed
the group of federal leaders who headed the major departments…
taxes on imported goods
administration
the officials in the executive branch of government
precedents
acts or statements that become traditions to be followed
50 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
nucleoid
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
a non-membrane-enclosed region of the cell where prokaryotic…
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
eukaryotic cell
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
17 terms
Pre-AP bio chapter 6 vocab
Acetyl CoA
Alcohol fermentation
ATP synthase
Cellular respiration
The entry compound for the citric acid cycle in cellular resp…
Glycolysis followed by the reduction of pyruvate to ethyl alc…
A cluster of several membrane proteins that function in chemi…
The aerobic harvesting of energy from food molecules
Acetyl CoA
The entry compound for the citric acid cycle in cellular resp…
Alcohol fermentation
Glycolysis followed by the reduction of pyruvate to ethyl alc…
38 terms
Pre AP Geometry Chapter 6
Parallelogram
Parallelogram properties
Ways to prove parallelogram
Rectangle
A quadrilateral with 2 pairs of parallel sides
1. Opposite sides congruent... 2. Opposite angles congruent... 3. C…
1. Both pairs of opposite sides are congruent... 2. 1 pair of op…
A quadrilateral with 4 right angles
Parallelogram
A quadrilateral with 2 pairs of parallel sides
Parallelogram properties
1. Opposite sides congruent... 2. Opposite angles congruent... 3. C…
Chapter 6.4 study guide -- Pre AP Biology
Two monosaccharides combined make a __…
Three or more monosaccharides combined…
What 3 elements make up carbohydrates?…
Which two macromolecules have Carbon,…
Disaccharide
Polysaccharide
Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen --- 1:2:1
Carbohydrates and Lipids
Two monosaccharides combined make a __…
Disaccharide
Three or more monosaccharides combined…
Polysaccharide
37 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
nucleoid region
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
a non-membrane-enclosed region of the cell where prokaryotic…
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
eukaryotic cell
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
15 terms
Pre Ap Bio Chapter 6
What particles are found in the nucleus?
Why do elements bond?
How do you know atomic mass and atomic…
Compare hydroxide to hydrogen ions. Wh…
protons and neutrons electrons are in electron cloud
to achieve full outer shell; be stable
number is number of protons; mass is protons plus neutrons
hydroxide- OH- hydrogen- H+... hydroxide makes more basic; hydro…
What particles are found in the nucleus?
protons and neutrons electrons are in electron cloud
Why do elements bond?
to achieve full outer shell; be stable
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