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Study sets matching "biology chapter 6"

19 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Terms
Gametes
Binary Fission
Gene
Chromosomes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells.
A form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspr…
A segment of DNA that codes for a protein or RNa molecule.
The DNa and the proteins associated with DNA.
Gametes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells.
Binary Fission
A form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspr…
78 terms
Biology Chapter 6
ATP and NADPH
G3P
Light, H2O, NADP+, and and ADP
By using photosynthesis
What is created in the Light Reaction?
What is created in the Calvin Cycle?
What comes in for the Light Reaction to work?
How does the autotroph eat?
ATP and NADPH
What is created in the Light Reaction?
G3P
What is created in the Calvin Cycle?
40 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
acids
activation energy
active site
amino acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
the specific location where a substrate binds on an enzyme.
small compounds that are made of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hy…
acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
activation energy
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
27 terms
Biology Vocab Chapter 6
Gametes
Binary fission
Gene
Chromosomes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
A single piece of coiled DNA and associated proteins found in…
Gametes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells
Binary fission
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
38 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary Chemistry in Biology
atom
nucleus
proton
neutron
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles: neutr…
Center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons.
Positively charged particle in an atom's nucleus.
Particle without a charge in an atom's nucleus.
atom
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles: neutr…
nucleus
Center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons.
29 terms
Biology Chapter 6
filter feeding
herbivore
carnivore
secrete
A way of getting food by straining it out of the water.
An animal that eats plants.
An animal that eats other animals.
Form and release, or give off.
filter feeding
A way of getting food by straining it out of the water.
herbivore
An animal that eats plants.
27 terms
Biology Vocab Chapter 6
Gametes
Binary fission
Gene
Chromosomes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
A single piece of coiled DNA and associated proteins found in…
Gametes
An organism's reproductive cells, such as sperm or egg cells
Binary fission
A form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
67 terms
CCS Biology Chapter 6 & 7
circulatory system
digestive system
endocrine system
excretory system
carries materials to and from the cells
breaks down food into a form that can be absorbed by the bloo…
produces hormones which regulate certain activities of the body
rids the body of wastes
circulatory system
carries materials to and from the cells
digestive system
breaks down food into a form that can be absorbed by the bloo…
43 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
43 terms
Chapter 6 - Chemistry in Biology
atom
compound
covalent bond
electron
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles--neutr…
pure substance with unique properties; formed when two or mor…
type of chemical bond formed when atoms share electrons
negatively charged particle that occupies space around an ato…
atom
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles--neutr…
compound
pure substance with unique properties; formed when two or mor…
56 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
31 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 6
Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic Cell
Plasma membrane, Cytosol, Chromosomes,…
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Cells that lack membrane-bound organelles.
Cells whose organelles are surrounded by membranes. Multicell…
All cells have ___, ___, ___. and ___.
Performs lipid synthesis, carbohydrate metabolism, detoxifica…
Prokaryotic Cell
Cells that lack membrane-bound organelles.
Eukaryotic Cell
Cells whose organelles are surrounded by membranes. Multicell…
30 terms
AGS Biology Chapter 6
Enzyme
Filter Feeding
Herbivore
Carnivore
A substance that speeds up chemical changes.
A way of getting food by straining it out of the water.
An animal that eats plants.
An animal that eats other animals.
Enzyme
A substance that speeds up chemical changes.
Filter Feeding
A way of getting food by straining it out of the water.
21 terms
Biology chapter 6-2
signs of physical changes
signs of a chemical reaction
atoms
proton +... neutron (neutral)... electron -
water evaporation, ice melting, sugar dissolving in water, wh…
color change, production of heat or light, formation of a new…
building blocks of matter
the three particles of an atom and their charges
signs of physical changes
water evaporation, ice melting, sugar dissolving in water, wh…
signs of a chemical reaction
color change, production of heat or light, formation of a new…
63 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 6 (cells)
light microscopy
scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
transmission electron microscopy (TEM)
cell fractionation
magnification of cellular structures up to 1000 X
image of 3D surface coated with heavy metal like gold (100,00…
image of ultra thin slice to view intracellular components (5…
technique that breaks cells and separates their components
light microscopy
magnification of cellular structures up to 1000 X
scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
image of 3D surface coated with heavy metal like gold (100,00…
67 terms
Chapter 6 Review - Chemistry in Biology
atom
nucleus
protons
neutrons
particles that are the building blocks of matter
the center of an atom
positively charged particles in the nucleus of an atom
particles that have no charge in the nucleus of an atom
atom
particles that are the building blocks of matter
nucleus
the center of an atom
15 terms
Biology chapter 6
element
atom
nucleus
isotope
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler chemical…
the smallest particle of an element that has the characterist…
the center of an atom
atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
element
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler chemical…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that has the characterist…
40 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
acids
activation energy
active site
amino acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
the specific location where a substrate binds on an enzyme.
small compounds that are made of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hy…
acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
activation energy
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
56 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
44 terms
Biology 20 Terms Chapter 6
Macromolecules
Dehydration Synthesis
Hydrolysis
Carbohydrate
a large, complex assembly of organic molecules; 4 categories…
chemical reaction that results in the formation of a covalent…
chemical reaction in which the addition of a water molecule c…
organic macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, and oxy…
Macromolecules
a large, complex assembly of organic molecules; 4 categories…
Dehydration Synthesis
chemical reaction that results in the formation of a covalent…
56 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 6
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
58 terms
Campbell Biology: Chapter 6
Organelle
Cytosol
Eukaryotic cell
Prokaryotic Cell
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
A semifluid, jellylike substance inside all cells.
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membra…
Organelle
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
Cytosol
A semifluid, jellylike substance inside all cells.
31 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 6
Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic Cell
Plasma membrane, Cytosol, Chromosomes,…
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Cells that lack membrane-bound organelles.
Cells whose organelles are surrounded by membranes. Multicell…
All cells have ___, ___, ___. and ___.
Performs lipid synthesis, carbohydrate metabolism, detoxifica…
Prokaryotic Cell
Cells that lack membrane-bound organelles.
Eukaryotic Cell
Cells whose organelles are surrounded by membranes. Multicell…
24 terms
AP Biology-Chapter 6-Cell
cell
Electron Microscope
cytosol
prokaryotic cell
-the simplest collection of matter that can live... -bound by pl…
-focuses a beam of electrons through the specimen or into it'…
semi fluid within the membrane
-no nucleus... -organisms of the domains bacteria and archaea... -h…
cell
-the simplest collection of matter that can live... -bound by pl…
Electron Microscope
-focuses a beam of electrons through the specimen or into it'…
9 terms
Biology Chapter 6
monoculture
renewable resource
nonrenewable resource
desertification
Farming strategy in which large fields are planted with a sin…
A natural resource that can be replaced at the same rate at w…
A resource that cannot be replaced as quickly as it is used
Degradation of land, especially in semiarid areas, primarily…
monoculture
Farming strategy in which large fields are planted with a sin…
renewable resource
A natural resource that can be replaced at the same rate at w…
25 terms
Biology Chapter 6
acid
activation energy
amino acid
base
substance that releases hydrogen ions when dissolved in water…
minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form product…
building block of proteins
substance that releases hydroxide ions when dissolved in wate…
acid
substance that releases hydrogen ions when dissolved in water…
activation energy
minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form product…
54 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 6 (cells)
light microscopy
scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
transmission electron microscopy (TEM)
cell fractionation
magnification of cellular structures up to 1000 X
image of 3D surface coated with heavy metal like gold (100,00…
image of ultra thin slice to view intracellular components (5…
technique that breaks cells and separates their components
light microscopy
magnification of cellular structures up to 1000 X
scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
image of 3D surface coated with heavy metal like gold (100,00…
39 terms
Biology Chapter 6
atom
nucleus
proton
neutron
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles neutro…
center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons
positively charged particle in an atom's nucleus
particle without charge in a nucleus
atom
building block of matter; contains subatomic particles neutro…
nucleus
center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons
8 terms
Biology chapter 6.2
chemical reaction
reactants
products
activation energy
process in which atoms or groups of atoms in substances are r…
the starting substances in a chemical reaction ( on the left…
the substances formed during the reaction (on the right side…
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
chemical reaction
process in which atoms or groups of atoms in substances are r…
reactants
the starting substances in a chemical reaction ( on the left…
39 terms
Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary Chemistry in Biology
atom
nucleus
proton
neutron
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles: neutr…
Center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons.
Positively charged particle in an atom's nucleus.
Particle without a charge in an atom's nucleus.
atom
Building block of matter; contains subatomic particles: neutr…
nucleus
Center of an atom; contains neutrons and protons.
119 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 6
What is smallest unit of matter?
3 parts of an atom
examples of elements
How many known elements are there?
atom
proton, neutron, electron
hydrogen (H), carbon (C), oxygen (O), calcium (Ca), Nitrogen…
100
What is smallest unit of matter?
atom
3 parts of an atom
proton, neutron, electron
40 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
acids
activation energy
active site
amino acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
the specific location where a substrate binds on an enzyme.
small compounds that are made of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hy…
acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
activation energy
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
40 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
acids
activation energy
active site
amino acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
the specific location where a substrate binds on an enzyme.
small compounds that are made of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hy…
acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
activation energy
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
40 terms
Biology Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
acids
activation energy
active site
amino acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
the specific location where a substrate binds on an enzyme.
small compounds that are made of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hy…
acids
substances that release hydrogen ions (H+) when they are diss…
activation energy
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
18 terms
Glencoe Biology - Chapter 6.3 & 6.4: Chemistry in Biology
Acid
Amino acid
Base
Buffer
Substance that releases hydrogen ions (H+) when dissolved in…
Small carbon compound joined by peptide bonds; building block…
Substance that releases hydroxide ions (OH-) when dissolved i…
Mixture that can react with an acid or a base to maintain the…
Acid
Substance that releases hydrogen ions (H+) when dissolved in…
Amino acid
Small carbon compound joined by peptide bonds; building block…
25 terms
Chapter 6 - Chemistry in Biology
Atom
Element
Nucleus
Electron
The basic unit for building all matter
A substance made purely of one type of atom, like a gold nugg…
The positively-charged center of an atom. Contains protons an…
Negatively-charged particle outside atom's nucleus
Atom
The basic unit for building all matter
Element
A substance made purely of one type of atom, like a gold nugg…
Biology Chapter 6
atom
nucleus
proton
electron
the building blocks of matter
located at the center of the atom, consists of protons and ne…
positively charged particle located in the center of an atom
negatively charged particle located outside the nucleus
atom
the building blocks of matter
nucleus
located at the center of the atom, consists of protons and ne…
Biology: Chapter 6 - Meiosis and Mendel (w/ images)
somatic cell
gamete
homologous chromosome
autosome
cell that makes up all the body tissues and organs, except ga…
sex cell; an egg or a sperm.
chromosomes that have the same length, appearance, and copies…
chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
somatic cell
cell that makes up all the body tissues and organs, except ga…
gamete
sex cell; an egg or a sperm.
40 terms
Biology Chapter 6
Chromatid
Centromere
Chromatin
Chromosome
Identical copies of chromosomes
Structure that holds chromatids together
Unwound form of DNA
Tightly wound form of DNA
Chromatid
Identical copies of chromosomes
Centromere
Structure that holds chromatids together
37 terms
Biology: Chapter 6 - Meiosis and Mendel
somatic cell
gamete
homologous chromosome
autosome
cell that makes up all the body tissues and organs, except ga…
sex cell; an egg or a sperm.
chromosomes that have the same length, appearance, and copies…
chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
somatic cell
cell that makes up all the body tissues and organs, except ga…
gamete
sex cell; an egg or a sperm.
42 terms
Glencoe Biology Chapter 6
atom
nucleus
proton
electron
the building blocks of matter; contains subatomic particles:…
located at the center of the atom, consists of protons and ne…
positively charged particle located in the center of an atom
negatively charged particle located outside the nucleus
atom
the building blocks of matter; contains subatomic particles:…
nucleus
located at the center of the atom, consists of protons and ne…
25 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 6
agriculture
green revolution
monoculture
substance hunting
The practice of farming
introduction of intensive farming practies that lead to a sub…
farming strategy in which large fields are cleared, plowed an…
hunting only to acquire basic necessities for survival; makes…
agriculture
The practice of farming
green revolution
introduction of intensive farming practies that lead to a sub…
Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Monoculture
Renewable Resourse
Nonrenewable Resources
Sustainable Development
Practice of clearing large areas of land to plant a single hi…
produced or replaced by by a healthy ecosystem
natural processes cannot replenish them within a reasonable a…
provides for human needs while preserving the ecosystems that…
Monoculture
Practice of clearing large areas of land to plant a single hi…
Renewable Resourse
produced or replaced by by a healthy ecosystem
37 terms
Biology: Chapter 6 - Meiosis and Mendel
somatic cell
gamete
homologous chromosome
autosome
cell that makes up all the body tissues and organs, except ga…
sex cell; an egg or a sperm.
chromosomes that have the same length, appearance, and copies…
chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
somatic cell
cell that makes up all the body tissues and organs, except ga…
gamete
sex cell; an egg or a sperm.
17 terms
Biology Chapter 6.2
polar molecule
hydrogen bond
polarity
diffusion
a molecule with an unequal distribution of charge: one positi…
the attraction of opposite charges between hydrogen and oxyge…
when there is a positive and a negative side
the movement of particles from an area of high concentration…
polar molecule
a molecule with an unequal distribution of charge: one positi…
hydrogen bond
the attraction of opposite charges between hydrogen and oxyge…
25 terms
Biology Chapter 6
Atoms
Three particles make up the atoms stru…
Element
Isotope
Atoms are the building blocks of matter.
Protons, Neutrons, and electrons
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substa…
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
Atoms
Atoms are the building blocks of matter.
Three particles make up the atoms stru…
Protons, Neutrons, and electrons
36 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 6, Meiosis and Mendel
somatic cell
gamete
homologous chromosome
autosome
make up most of your body tissues and organs, also called bod…
sex cells, ova or eggs, in the female, and spermatozoa or spe…
chromosomes that have the same length, appearance, and copies…
chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
somatic cell
make up most of your body tissues and organs, also called bod…
gamete
sex cells, ova or eggs, in the female, and spermatozoa or spe…
31 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 6
Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic Cell
Plasma membrane, Cytosol, Chromosomes,…
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Cells that lack membrane-bound organelles.
Cells whose organelles are surrounded by membranes. Multicell…
All cells have ___, ___, ___. and ___.
Performs lipid synthesis, carbohydrate metabolism, detoxifica…
Prokaryotic Cell
Cells that lack membrane-bound organelles.
Eukaryotic Cell
Cells whose organelles are surrounded by membranes. Multicell…
27 terms
Biology Chapter 6
Homologous Pair
Sex Chromosomes
Autosomes
Chromosomes
Set of 2 chromosomes of the same size and shape with centrome…
Any of the sex determining chromosomes. X and Y in humans.
Non sex chromosomes 22 pairs in humans.
Subcellular structure composed of a long single molecule of D…
Homologous Pair
Set of 2 chromosomes of the same size and shape with centrome…
Sex Chromosomes
Any of the sex determining chromosomes. X and Y in humans.
37 terms
Biology: Chapter 6 - Meiosis and Mendel
somatic cell
gamete
homologous chromosome
autosome
cell that makes up all the body tissues and organs, except ga…
sex cell; an egg or a sperm.
chromosomes that have the same length, appearance, and copies…
chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
somatic cell
cell that makes up all the body tissues and organs, except ga…
gamete
sex cell; an egg or a sperm.
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