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Study sets matching "biology chapter 7 cellular respiration"

23 terms
Biology Chapter 7: Cellular Respiration
ATP
Coenzymes
Mitochondria
Anaerobic pathway
used for growth, repair, and maintenance
e- carriers... -photosynthesis: NADP+... -Aerobic Resp: NAD
ATP production... (2 membranes and compartments)
no O2 required... 2 ATP produced... in cytoplasm only
ATP
used for growth, repair, and maintenance
Coenzymes
e- carriers... -photosynthesis: NADP+... -Aerobic Resp: NAD
36 terms
Cellular Respiration, Biology Chapter 7 Study Guide
What are the reactants of cellular res…
Cellular respiration breaks down _____…
What are the "waste products" of cellu…
A reaction that requires oxygen to tak…
glucose and oxygen
glucose
carbon dioxide and water
aerobic
What are the reactants of cellular res…
glucose and oxygen
Cellular respiration breaks down _____…
glucose
39 terms
Biology Chapter 7: Cellular Respiration
cellular respiration
1C6 H1 2O6 + 6O2 ====> 6CO2 + H20 + 36…
aerobic respiration
6 CO2... 10 NADH... 10 FADH2... 36 net ATP
process that releases energy from food in the presence of oxy…
equation for cellular respiration
oxygen requiring metabolic pathway that breaks down sugars to…
number of products of aerobic respiration per glucose
cellular respiration
process that releases energy from food in the presence of oxy…
1C6 H1 2O6 + 6O2 ====> 6CO2 + H20 + 36…
equation for cellular respiration
17 terms
Biology--Chapter 7 Cellular Respiration
cellular respiration
pyruvic acid
NADH
anaerobic
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
the three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis…
the reduced form of NAD+; an electron-carrying molecule that…
process that does not require oxygen
cellular respiration
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
pyruvic acid
the three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis…
31 terms
Chapter 7 Cellular Respiration Biology
cellular respiraton
autotrophs undergo
Both autotrophs and heterotrophs undergo
Some of the energy used in cellular re…
is the complex process in which cells make adenosine triphosp…
photosynthesis to convert light energy from the sun into chem…
cellular respiration to break these organic compounds into si…
ATP
cellular respiraton
is the complex process in which cells make adenosine triphosp…
autotrophs undergo
photosynthesis to convert light energy from the sun into chem…
17 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 7 - Cellular Respiration
cellular respiration
pyruvic acid
NADH
anaerobic
process by which cells produce energy from carbohydrates; oxy…
three-carbon compound that is produced during flycolysis and…
reduced form of NAD+; electron-carrying molecule that functio…
process that does not require oxygen
cellular respiration
process by which cells produce energy from carbohydrates; oxy…
pyruvic acid
three-carbon compound that is produced during flycolysis and…
15 terms
SPX Biology Chapter 7 Cellular Respiration
Cellular respiration
Pyruvic acid
NADH
Anaerobic
the process by which cells produce energy from carbohydrates;…
the three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis…
the reduced form of NAD+; an electron-carrying molecule that…
describes a process that does not require oxygen
Cellular respiration
the process by which cells produce energy from carbohydrates;…
Pyruvic acid
the three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis…
52 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 7: Cellular Respiration
cellular respiration
pyruvic acid
anaerobic
aerobic respiration
process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates; oxyg…
three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis and…
process that does not require oxygen
carried out in presence of oxygen which requires a mitochondr…
cellular respiration
process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates; oxyg…
pyruvic acid
three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis and…
81 terms
Biology chapter 7: cellular respiration and fermentation
cellular respiration
Energy flows into an ecosystem as ____…
What do cells do with the energy store…
the breakdown of organic molecules is a
Cellular respiration is what cells do to break up sugars into…
-sunglight ... -heat
They use it to regenerate ATP
exergonic process
cellular respiration
Cellular respiration is what cells do to break up sugars into…
Energy flows into an ecosystem as ____…
-sunglight ... -heat
37 terms
biology chapter 7 cellular respiration
the removal of an electron molecule ca…
cellular respiration is
reducing agent
high energy electrons
decrease in potential energy in the oxidized compound
catabolic
compound that reduces another... increases the potential energy
most of the energy stored that fuels cell functions
the removal of an electron molecule ca…
decrease in potential energy in the oxidized compound
cellular respiration is
catabolic
11 terms
Biology chapter 7 cellular respiration
ATP
Oxidation
Reduction
Redox reaction
Molecule has 3 phosphate groups... Powers a given rxn by losing…
Substance that loses one or more electrons to another
Substance that gains electrons
Process by which electrons are transferred from one molecule…
ATP
Molecule has 3 phosphate groups... Powers a given rxn by losing…
Oxidation
Substance that loses one or more electrons to another
24 terms
Biology Chapter 7: Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis
Aerobic
Anaerobic
The complex process in which cells make ATP by breaking down…
Yields a small amount of ATP
Oxygen is present (pathway will lead to aerobic respiration)
Oxygen is absent (pathway leads to fermentation)
Cellular Respiration
The complex process in which cells make ATP by breaking down…
Glycolysis
Yields a small amount of ATP
18 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Cellular Respiration
cellular respiration
pyruvic acid
NADH
anaerobic
the process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates;…
the three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis…
the reduced form of NAD+; an electron carrying molecule that…
describes a process that does not require oxygen
cellular respiration
the process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates;…
pyruvic acid
the three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis…
17 terms
Biology--Chapter 7 Cellular Respiration
cellular respiration
pyruvic acid
NADH
anaerobic
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
the three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis…
the reduced form of NAD+; an electron-carrying molecule that…
process that does not require oxygen
cellular respiration
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
pyruvic acid
the three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis…
51 terms
Biology Chapter 7: Cellular Respiration
cellular respiration
pyruvic acid
anaerobic
aerobic respiration
process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates; oxyg…
three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis and…
process that does not require oxygen
carried out in presence of oxygen which requires a mitochondr…
cellular respiration
process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates; oxyg…
pyruvic acid
three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis and…
49 terms
Biology Chapter 7- Cellular Respiration
What is glycolysis?
What is produced in glycolysis?
What accepts Acetyl CoEnzyme A into th…
What is the first temporary product of…
breaking down of glucose
2 ATP, 2 Pyruvic Acid, 2 NADH, 2 H2O
Oxaloacetic acid
Citric Acid
What is glycolysis?
breaking down of glucose
What is produced in glycolysis?
2 ATP, 2 Pyruvic Acid, 2 NADH, 2 H2O
20 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 7: Cellular Respiration
cellular respiration
pyruvic acid
anaerobic
aerobic respiration
process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates; oxyg…
three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis and…
process that does not require oxygen
carried out in presence of oxygen which requires a mitochondr…
cellular respiration
process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates; oxyg…
pyruvic acid
three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis and…
35 terms
Biology chapter 7 cellular respiration
What type of organisms use cellular re…
What is ATP used for?
What is cellular respiration?
What is the chemical formula for cellu…
Eukaryotes (plants, animals, protists, fungi)
various cellular functions
release of energy from glucose in order to synthesize ATP
C6H12O6 + 6O2 --> 6CO2 + 6H2O
What type of organisms use cellular re…
Eukaryotes (plants, animals, protists, fungi)
What is ATP used for?
various cellular functions
32 terms
chapter 7 biology cellular respiration
cellular respiration
pyruvic acid
NADH
anaerobic
complex process in which cells make adenosine triphosphate (A…
three carbon molecules
an electron carrier molecule
a process that doesn't require the presence of oxygen
cellular respiration
complex process in which cells make adenosine triphosphate (A…
pyruvic acid
three carbon molecules
32 terms
Chapter 7 - Cellular Respiration
Carbon Dioxide Produced
Water Produced
Chemical equation for respiration
Substrate-level phosphorylation
Prep stage and Krebs cycle
Electron transport system (ETS)
Occurs during glycolysis and Krebs cycle
Carbon Dioxide Produced
Prep stage and Krebs cycle
Water Produced
Electron transport system (ETS)
15 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 7 - Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Pyruvic Acid
NADH
anaerobic
process in which cells break down organic compounds (glucose)…
3-carbon molecules produced in glycolysis
electron carrier molecule produced in glycolysis
something that does not require oxygen
Cellular Respiration
process in which cells break down organic compounds (glucose)…
Pyruvic Acid
3-carbon molecules produced in glycolysis
16 terms
Chapter 7 Vocabulary - Cellular Respiration - Advanced Biology
acetyl CoA
aerobic respiration
alcoholic fermentation
anaerobic
two-carbon molecule
process that produces large amounts of ATP
yeast use this process to convert pyruvic acid to ethyl alcoh…
does not require oxygen
acetyl CoA
two-carbon molecule
aerobic respiration
process that produces large amounts of ATP
49 terms
Biology Chapter 7- Cellular Respiration
What is glycolysis?
What is produced in glycolysis?
What accepts Acetyl CoEnzyme A into th…
What is the first temporary product of…
breaking down of glucose
2 ATP, 2 Pyruvic Acid, 2 NADH, 2 H2O
Oxaloacetic acid
Citric Acid
What is glycolysis?
breaking down of glucose
What is produced in glycolysis?
2 ATP, 2 Pyruvic Acid, 2 NADH, 2 H2O
81 terms
Ap Biology chapter 7: cellular respiration and fermentation
cellular respiration
Energy flows into an ecosystem as ____…
What do cells do with the energy store…
the breakdown of organic molecules is a
Cellular respiration is what cells do to break up sugars into…
-sunglight ... -heat
They use it to regenerate ATP
exergonic process
cellular respiration
Cellular respiration is what cells do to break up sugars into…
Energy flows into an ecosystem as ____…
-sunglight ... -heat
46 terms
Biology Chapter 7: Cellular Respiration
Cellular response is the process by wh…
What is the goal of cellular respirati…
Aerobic respiration means _________ is…
What can be used as fuel molecules in…
organic molecules and they release waste products
ATP synthesis
O2
Carbohydrates, Proteins, and fats
Cellular response is the process by wh…
organic molecules and they release waste products
What is the goal of cellular respirati…
ATP synthesis
31 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Cellular Respiration
Where is energy stored when cells brea…
What performs all functions for the ce…
What is the overall process of cellula…
What are the by-products of Cellular r…
ATP
ATP
Break down glucose and release stored ATP
CO2 ... H2O
Where is energy stored when cells brea…
ATP
What performs all functions for the ce…
ATP
54 terms
Biology - Chapter 7 (Cellular Respiration)
Where does cellular respiration occur?
Cellular respiration is done by what f…
What does one glucose molecule equal i…
What are 2 types of cellular respirati…
Mitochondria
Heterotrophs and autotrophs
32 molecules of ATP
Aerobic and anaerobic
Where does cellular respiration occur?
Mitochondria
Cellular respiration is done by what f…
Heterotrophs and autotrophs
43 terms
Biology Chapter 7: Cellular Respiration
Which of the following best describes…
In the combined processes of glycolysi…
Which of the following statements desc…
Why are carbohydrates and fats conside…
transforming the energy in glucose and related molecules in a…
Glucose is consumed, and carbon dioxide is produced
NAD+ is reduced to NADH during glycolysis, pyruvate oxidation…
They have a lot of electrons associated with hydrogen
Which of the following best describes…
transforming the energy in glucose and related molecules in a…
In the combined processes of glycolysi…
Glucose is consumed, and carbon dioxide is produced
21 terms
Biology- Chapter 7: Cellular Respiration Vocabulary
Cellular Respiration
Pyruvic Acid
NADH
Anaerobic
The process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates;…
The three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis…
The reduced form of NAD⁺; an electron-carrying molecule that…
describes a process that does not require oxygen
Cellular Respiration
The process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates;…
Pyruvic Acid
The three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis…
31 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Photosynthesis/Cellular Respiration
Photosynthesis Equation
Light Reaction
Calvin Cycle
Carbon Fixation
first stage of photosynthesis (does steps that convert light…
second stage of photosynthesis (happens in the stroma of the…
the incorporation of carbon from carbon dioxide into organic…
Photosynthesis Equation
Light Reaction
first stage of photosynthesis (does steps that convert light…
25 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Cellular Respiration
2 ATP molecules
cellular respiration
acetyl-CoA, breakdown of 6-carbon comp…
stages (steps) of cellular respiration
net gain of glycolysis
a process when complete breakdown of glucose yields ATP
Krebs cycle (Citric Acid cycle) and the production of ATP req…
glycolysis, Krebs cycle, electron transmitter system
2 ATP molecules
net gain of glycolysis
cellular respiration
a process when complete breakdown of glucose yields ATP
39 terms
Biology Chapter 7: Cellular Respiration
cellular respiration
C6H12O6 + 6O2 ====> 6CO2 + H20 + 36ATP
aerobic respiration
6 CO2... 10 NADH... 10 FADH2... 36 net ATP
process that releases energy from food in the presence of oxy…
equation for cellular respiration
oxygen requiring metabolic pathway that breaks down sugars to…
number of products of aerobic respiration per glucose
cellular respiration
process that releases energy from food in the presence of oxy…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 ====> 6CO2 + H20 + 36ATP
equation for cellular respiration
13 terms
Biology: Chapter 7- Cellular Respiration
Cellular respiration
Pyruvic acid
NADH
Fermentation
The complex process in which cells make ATP by breaking down…
The three carbon compound produced during glycolysis
Reduced form of NADP+; electron-carrying molecule that functi…
The breakdown of carbohydrates by enzymes, bacteria, yeasts,…
Cellular respiration
The complex process in which cells make ATP by breaking down…
Pyruvic acid
The three carbon compound produced during glycolysis
17 terms
Biology (Chapter 7 - Cellular Respiration)
Cellular Respiration
pyruvic acid
NADH
anaerobic
the complex process in which cells make adenosine triphosphat…
the three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis…
the reduced form of NAD+; and electron-carrying molecule that…
describes a process that does not require oxygen
Cellular Respiration
the complex process in which cells make adenosine triphosphat…
pyruvic acid
the three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis…
8 terms
Chapter 7 Cellular respiration BIOLOGY
Cellular respiration -
Cellular respiration-
The products of glycosis -
Anaerobic respiration:
Complex process in which cells make ATP by breaking down orga…
Begins with with a biochemical pathway called glycosis which…
Can follow one of two main pathways , depending on whether th…
No additional ATP molecules.
Cellular respiration -
Complex process in which cells make ATP by breaking down orga…
Cellular respiration-
Begins with with a biochemical pathway called glycosis which…
28 terms
Biology Chapter 7- Cellular Respiration
Pathways to recover energy (three meta…
How do living organisms obtain energy…
Cycle of energy
For cells to keep working
1) Glycolysis/ Fermentation (outside mitochondria)... 2) Citric…
covert energy from covelant bonds in food to ATP
flows into ecosystem as sunlight, captured by plants, formed…
must regenerate ATP
Pathways to recover energy (three meta…
1) Glycolysis/ Fermentation (outside mitochondria)... 2) Citric…
How do living organisms obtain energy…
covert energy from covelant bonds in food to ATP
17 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Kilocalories
Glycolysis
Pyruvic Acid
The process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates;…
A unit of energy equal to 1,000 calories
The anaerobic breakdown of glucose to pyruvic acid, which mak…
The three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis…
Cellular Respiration
The process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates;…
Kilocalories
A unit of energy equal to 1,000 calories
Biology Chapter 7 - Cellular Respiration
Generates oxygen and organic molecules…
Breaks down fuel to generate ATP
Waste of respiration
Yield energy by oxidizing organic fuels
Photosynthesis
Cellular respiration
Water and CO2
Catabolic pathways
Generates oxygen and organic molecules…
Photosynthesis
Breaks down fuel to generate ATP
Cellular respiration
39 terms
Biology Chapter 7: Cellular Respiration
•Aerobic... •Anaerobic
Cytoplasm
Aerobic respiration
FADH2
What are the 2 types of cellular resperation?
Glycolysis starts and ends in the ____?
Which of the following metabolic pathways requires molecular…
Which molecule does not form during glycolysis?
•Aerobic... •Anaerobic
What are the 2 types of cellular resperation?
Cytoplasm
Glycolysis starts and ends in the ____?
15 terms
Biology Chapter 7 - Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
energy in a system
catabolic pathways
processes involved in respiration
anaerobic respiration (fermentation)
-energy flows into an ecosystem as sunlight and leaves as hea…
-yield energy by oxidizing organic fuels... -several processes a…
-aerobic respiration... -anaerobic respiration (fermentation)
-a partial degradation of sugars that occurs without O2
energy in a system
-energy flows into an ecosystem as sunlight and leaves as hea…
catabolic pathways
-yield energy by oxidizing organic fuels... -several processes a…
86 terms
Academic Biology: Chapter 7 (Cellular Respiration)
What is the goal of cellular respirati…
What is the equation for cellular resp…
What are the reactants and products of…
Cellular respiration is a type of ___…
To make ATP and obtain energy
R: Glucose, Oxygen... P: Carbon dioxide, Water, ATPs (energy)
Biochemical pathway
What is the goal of cellular respirati…
To make ATP and obtain energy
What is the equation for cellular resp…
16 terms
Biology chapter 7 cellular respiration
Cell respiration
Pyruvic Acid
Nadh
Anaerobic
ATP by breaking down organic compound
Three carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis and…
Reduced form of Nadt an electron carrying molecule that funct…
Doesn't Require energy
Cell respiration
ATP by breaking down organic compound
Pyruvic Acid
Three carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis and…
17 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 7: Cellular Respiration
Cellular respiration
Pyruvic acid
NADH
Anaerobic
the process by which cells produce energy from carbohydrates;…
the three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis…
the reduced form of NAD+; an electron-carrying molecule that…
describes a process that does not require oxygen
Cellular respiration
the process by which cells produce energy from carbohydrates;…
Pyruvic acid
the three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis…
25 terms
Biology -Chapter 7 - Cellular Respiration
cellular respiration
proteins, carbs. and lipids
autotrophs, such as plants, use _____…
the energy in _____ is used by cells t…
the complex process in which cells make adenosine triphosphat…
types of complex organic compounds that store energy to produ…
light
ATP
cellular respiration
the complex process in which cells make adenosine triphosphat…
proteins, carbs. and lipids
types of complex organic compounds that store energy to produ…
5 terms
Biology Chapter 7: Cellular Respiration
When cells break down food molecules,…
________________ is essential for a ce…
The process of ___________ ___________…
cellular respiration : organic compoun…
ATP
ATP
cellular respiration
gas
When cells break down food molecules,…
ATP
________________ is essential for a ce…
ATP
17 terms
Chapter 7 Biology Cellular Respiration
cellular respiration
glycolysis
pyruvic acid
NADH
the process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates;…
the anaerobic breakdown of glucose to pyretic acid, which mak…
the three carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis…
the reduced form of NAD+; an electron-carrying molecule that…
cellular respiration
the process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates;…
glycolysis
the anaerobic breakdown of glucose to pyretic acid, which mak…
15 terms
Biology--Chapter 7 Cellular Respiration
cellular respiration
NADH
anaerobic
aerobic respiration
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
the reduced form of NAD+; an electron-carrying molecule that…
process that does not require oxygen
cellular respiration that uses oxygen, sequentially releasing…
cellular respiration
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
NADH
the reduced form of NAD+; an electron-carrying molecule that…
31 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7: Cellular Respiration & Fermentation
Glycolysis
Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide
Cellular Respiration
Mitochondria
the cellular degradation of the simple sugar, glucose, to yie…
an electron-carrier molecule produced by glycolysis, NAD+, a…
breaks down the 2 pyruvate molecules (produced by glycolysis)…
organelles that are sometimes called the powerhouses of the c…
Glycolysis
the cellular degradation of the simple sugar, glucose, to yie…
Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide
an electron-carrier molecule produced by glycolysis, NAD+, a…
13 terms
CHS-Biology-Chapter 7 Cellular Respiration-Kessler
cellular respiration
chemical equation for cellular respira…
glycolysis
aerobic respiration
the process by which cells produce energy from carbohydrates;…
6 O2 + C6H12O6 = 6CO2 + 6H20 + ATP (energy)
the anaerobic breakdown of glucose to pyruvic acid, which mak…
the step in cellular respiration that occurs after glycolysis…
cellular respiration
the process by which cells produce energy from carbohydrates;…
chemical equation for cellular respira…
6 O2 + C6H12O6 = 6CO2 + 6H20 + ATP (energy)
50 terms
Biology Chapter 7: Cellular Respiration
cellular respiration
pyruvic acid
anaerobic
aerobic respiration
process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates; oxyg…
three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis and…
process that does not require oxygen
carried out in presence of oxygen which requires a mitochondr…
cellular respiration
process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates; oxyg…
pyruvic acid
three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis and…
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