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Study sets matching "biology chapter 7 skeletal system"

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Study sets matching "biology chapter 7 skeletal system"

69 terms
Chapter 7 Skeletal System
8 cranial bones
Cranial bones
206
80
How many bones in the skull?
frontal 1, parietal 2, occipital 1, temporal 2, sphenoid 1, e…
How many bones make up the adult skeleton (20% of body mass)
How many bones of the axial skeleton
8 cranial bones
How many bones in the skull?
Cranial bones
frontal 1, parietal 2, occipital 1, temporal 2, sphenoid 1, e…
83 terms
Chapter 7 Skeletal System
Long bones
Short bones
Flat bones
Irregular bones
Have long longitudinal axes and expanded ends. Ex: forearms a…
Are somewhat cubelike, with roughly equal lengths and widths…
Platelike structures with broad surfaces, such as the ribs, s…
Have a variety of shapes and are usually connected to several…
Long bones
Have long longitudinal axes and expanded ends. Ex: forearms a…
Short bones
Are somewhat cubelike, with roughly equal lengths and widths…
40 terms
Chapter 7, Skeletal System
Endocrine
Tendons
Calcium
Osteoclasts
The ____ system that controls calcium concentration
Attach muscles to bones
Important element for the body; a balance needed
This type of cell is responsible for bone reabsorption and re…
Endocrine
The ____ system that controls calcium concentration
Tendons
Attach muscles to bones
70 terms
Chapter 7 -- Skeletal System
osteocytes
lacunae
central canal
osteon
Mature bone cells
small pockets occupied by osteocytes, regularly arranged betw…
Contains blood vessels and nerves
structural unit of the bone
osteocytes
Mature bone cells
lacunae
small pockets occupied by osteocytes, regularly arranged betw…
212 terms
Chapter 7: Skeletal System
Skull
Cranium
Mandible
Maxilla
Composed of cranium facial bones.
Top of the head
Lower jaw.
Between the nose and mouth.
Skull
Composed of cranium facial bones.
Cranium
Top of the head
212 terms
Chapter 7: Skeletal System
Skull
Cranium
Mandible
Maxilla
Composed of cranium facial bones.
Top of the head
Lower jaw.
Between the nose and mouth.
Skull
Composed of cranium facial bones.
Cranium
Top of the head
27 terms
Chapter 7: Skeletal System
Intramembranous Ossification Model
Endochondral Ossification Model
epiphyseal line
Vitamin A
model by which flat bones are formed from mesenchyme tissue
model by which long bones are formed from a chunk of hyaline…
line formed when thyroid and growth hormones push epiphyseal…
vitamin responsible for DNA production and osteoblast/osteocl…
Intramembranous Ossification Model
model by which flat bones are formed from mesenchyme tissue
Endochondral Ossification Model
model by which long bones are formed from a chunk of hyaline…
40 terms
Chapter 7 & 8 - Skeletal System
# of Bones in Body
# of Axial Bones
Axial Skeleton
# of Appendicular Bones
206
80
126
# of Bones in Body
206
# of Axial Bones
80
37 terms
Human Biology Chapter 7: The Skeletal System
4 sutures of the skull
Only moveable bone of the skull
The "top" of the skull
The four sinuses of the skull
Coronal, lambdoidal, squamosal, and Sagittal
Mandible
Cranium
Frontal, ethmoidal, sphenoidal, maxillary
4 sutures of the skull
Coronal, lambdoidal, squamosal, and Sagittal
Only moveable bone of the skull
Mandible
32 terms
Chapter 7 Skeletal System
Condyle
Diaphysis
Femur
Foramen
A rounded or knuckle-like prominence usually found at the poi…
In long bones, this is the shaft that is composed mainly of c…
Thigh bone
an opening (hole) in a bone through which blood vessels, nerv…
Condyle
A rounded or knuckle-like prominence usually found at the poi…
Diaphysis
In long bones, this is the shaft that is composed mainly of c…
115 terms
Chapter 7: Skeletal System
epiphysis
diaphysis
compact bone
Spongy bone
epiphysis
diaphysis
56 terms
Chapter 7 - Skeletal System
Ossification
Functions of Bones
Cacitonin Hormone
Parathyroid Hormone
The process of osteoblasts hardening the matrix by infiltrati…
1. Support... 2. Protection... 3. Leverage... 4. Storage... 5. Blood Cell…
A hormone from the thyroid gland that helps prevent hypercalc…
A hormone from the parathyroid glands that helps prevent hype…
Ossification
The process of osteoblasts hardening the matrix by infiltrati…
Functions of Bones
1. Support... 2. Protection... 3. Leverage... 4. Storage... 5. Blood Cell…
44 terms
Skeletal System - Chapter 7
- second hardest substance in the body
what is the function of bone?
what are the two types of bone structu…
what is another name for cancellous bo…
bone
- support, protection, storage, blood cell formation and leve…
- cancellous bone and compact bone
spongy bone
- second hardest substance in the body
bone
what is the function of bone?
- support, protection, storage, blood cell formation and leve…
111 terms
Chapter 7: The skeletal system
abduct, abduction
acetabulum
adduct, adduction
MIDDLE EAR
move away from the center or mid-line; opposite motion of add…
socket in the hip bone (os coxa or innominate bone) into whic…
move toward the center or midline; opposite motion of abduction
6 BONES
abduct, abduction
move away from the center or mid-line; opposite motion of add…
acetabulum
socket in the hip bone (os coxa or innominate bone) into whic…
Skeletal System: Chapter 7
-clast
dia-
oss, osse/o, oste/o
cost/o
break
through, between
bone, bone tissue
rib
-clast
break
dia-
through, between
225 terms
Chapter 7--Skeletal System
Functions of the skeletal system:... supp…
The skeleton provides internal framewo…
The skeletal system protects soft tiss…
Long bone
...
...
...
Functions of the skeletal system:... supp…
...
The skeleton provides internal framewo…
...
56 terms
Chapter 7 - Skeletal System
Ossification
Functions of Bones
Cacitonin Hormone
Parathyroid Hormone
The process of osteoblasts hardening the matrix by infiltrati…
1. Support... 2. Protection... 3. Leverage... 4. Storage... 5. Blood Cell…
A hormone from the thyroid gland that helps prevent hypercalc…
A hormone from the parathyroid glands that helps prevent hype…
Ossification
The process of osteoblasts hardening the matrix by infiltrati…
Functions of Bones
1. Support... 2. Protection... 3. Leverage... 4. Storage... 5. Blood Cell…
82 terms
Chapter 7- Skeletal System
Condyle
Facet
Head
Process
Rounded articular projection
Smooth, nearly flat articular surface
Bony expansion carried on a narrow neck
Any bony prominence
Condyle
Rounded articular projection
Facet
Smooth, nearly flat articular surface
197 terms
Chapter 7: Skeletal System
Condyle
Crest
Epicondyle
Facet
Rounded process that usually articulates with another bone
Narrow, ridgelike projection
Projection situated above a condyle
Small, nearly flat surface
Condyle
Rounded process that usually articulates with another bone
Crest
Narrow, ridgelike projection
35 terms
Skeletal System - Chapter 7
Electrolyte Balance
Acid-base Balance
Blood Formation
Osteogenic Cells
Skeleton stores calcium and phosphate ions. They are released…
Bones buffer against pH changes by absorbing or releasing alk…
Hemocytoblasts found in red bone marrow is pluripotent gives…
"Baby" bone stem cells that develop from embryonic mesenchyma…
Electrolyte Balance
Skeleton stores calcium and phosphate ions. They are released…
Acid-base Balance
Bones buffer against pH changes by absorbing or releasing alk…
28 terms
Skeletal System - Chapter 7
Articular Cartilage
Bursa
Cartilaginous joint
Compact bone
Hyaline cartilage that covers ends of bones in synovial joints
A saclike, fluid-filled structure, lined with synovial membra…
Two or more bones joined by cartilage
Dense tissue in which cells are organized in osteons with no…
Articular Cartilage
Hyaline cartilage that covers ends of bones in synovial joints
Bursa
A saclike, fluid-filled structure, lined with synovial membra…
28 terms
Skeletal System- Chapter 7
Articular Cartilage
Bursa
Cartilaginous joint
Compact bone
Hyaline cartilage that covers ends of bones in synovial joints
Saclike, fluid-filled structure, lined with synovial membrane…
Two or more bones joined by cartilage
Dense tissue in which cells are organized in osteons with no…
Articular Cartilage
Hyaline cartilage that covers ends of bones in synovial joints
Bursa
Saclike, fluid-filled structure, lined with synovial membrane…
130 terms
Chapter 7 (The Skeletal System)
Bones
Types of Bone Tissues
Functions of Bones
Bone Classification by Shape
>are the organs of the skeletal system.... >composed of many tis…
1.Bone tissue... 2.cartilage... 3.dense connective tissue... 4.blood... 5…
1.Support and protect softer tissues... 2.Provide points of atta…
1.Long bones... 2.short bones... 3.flat bones... 4.irregular bones... 5.s…
Bones
>are the organs of the skeletal system.... >composed of many tis…
Types of Bone Tissues
1.Bone tissue... 2.cartilage... 3.dense connective tissue... 4.blood... 5…
121 terms
Skeletal system chapter 7
parietal bone
Frontal bone
lacrimal bone
ethmoid bone
parietal bone
Frontal bone
128 terms
Chapter 7 Skeletal System
How many bones does a newborn baby have?
How many bones does an adult have?
The skeleton makes up how much weight…
Condyle
300 or more bones in their bodies.
206 bones
one-fifth
rounded knob; usually fits into a fossa on another bone to fo…
How many bones does a newborn baby have?
300 or more bones in their bodies.
How many bones does an adult have?
206 bones
69 terms
Chapter 7 Skeletal System
8 cranial bones
Cranial bones
206
80
How many bones in the skull?
frontal 1, parietal 2, occipital 1, temporal 2, sphenoid 1, e…
How many bones make up the adult skeleton (20% of body mass)
How many bones of the axial skeleton
8 cranial bones
How many bones in the skull?
Cranial bones
frontal 1, parietal 2, occipital 1, temporal 2, sphenoid 1, e…
41 terms
Chapter 7: Skeletal System
Spongy bone
4 parts of the Skeletal System
Cartilages
Hyaline Cartilage
Cancellous/Trabecular bone... Internal to compact... 20% bone mass
Bone, Cartilage, Tendons, and Ligaments
Semi-Rigid CT, more flexible than bone
Ribs/Sternum
Spongy bone
Cancellous/Trabecular bone... Internal to compact... 20% bone mass
4 parts of the Skeletal System
Bone, Cartilage, Tendons, and Ligaments
115 terms
Chapter 7: Skeletal System
Functions of bone include:(5)
What does bone support?
What does bone protect?
How does bone aid in movement?
muscle attachment, protection and support, blood cell product…
soft tissue of the body
internal body organs
provides attachment point for skeletal muscles to create move…
Functions of bone include:(5)
muscle attachment, protection and support, blood cell product…
What does bone support?
soft tissue of the body
103 terms
Chapter 7: Skeletal System
Epiphysis
Articular Cartilage
Diaphysis
Periosteum
The end of the long bone.
Hyaline cartilage that covers the ends of bones in synovial j…
The shaft of a long bone.
Fiberous connective tissue covering on the surface of a bone.
Epiphysis
The end of the long bone.
Articular Cartilage
Hyaline cartilage that covers the ends of bones in synovial j…
46 terms
Chapter 7: Skeletal System
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
cranium
sella turcica
ribs, skull, and vertebrae
hip bones, appendages
sutures, facial bones, and orbits
on sphenoid bone; houses pituitary gland
Axial Skeleton
ribs, skull, and vertebrae
Appendicular Skeleton
hip bones, appendages
11 terms
Chapter 7: Skeletal system
Skeletal system function
Skeletal system includes..
Bones
Cartilage
1. Support... 2. Protection... 3. Aid in movement (system of levers…
Bones, Cartilage, Ligaments, Tendons
Rigidity (primary organs of the skeletal system)
- Flexibility... - Cushioning
Skeletal system function
1. Support... 2. Protection... 3. Aid in movement (system of levers…
Skeletal system includes..
Bones, Cartilage, Ligaments, Tendons
28 terms
Skeletal system chapter 7
Articular cartilage
Bursa
Cartilaginous joint
Compact bone
Hyaline cartilage attached to articular bone surfaces
fluid-filled sac that allows for easy movement of one part of…
Cartilaginous joints are joints in which the bones are attach…
Hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of…
Articular cartilage
Hyaline cartilage attached to articular bone surfaces
Bursa
fluid-filled sac that allows for easy movement of one part of…
37 terms
Chapter 7: Skeletal System
Functions
Long Bones
Short Bones
Flat Bones
-Support and protect softer tissue... -Serve as attachment point…
Functions
-Support and protect softer tissue... -Serve as attachment point…
Long Bones
35 terms
Chapter 7: Skeletal System
Three major components of the skeletal…
Hyaline Cartilage
Fibrocartilage
Ligaments
Bone, cartilage (hyaline and fibrocartilage), and tendons/lig…
at ends of bones, epiphyseal, and sternocostal jints
In intervertebral disks, symphysis, and in menisci
Bone to bone, provide joint stability
Three major components of the skeletal…
Bone, cartilage (hyaline and fibrocartilage), and tendons/lig…
Hyaline Cartilage
at ends of bones, epiphyseal, and sternocostal jints
150 terms
chapter 7: skeletal system
skeletal cartilages
hyaline cartilage
elastic cartilage
fibrocartilage
1. hyaline cartilage... 2. elastic cartilage... 3. fibrocartilage
provides support, flexibility, resilience... collagen fibers... art…
contains elastic fibers... external ear, epiglottis
thick collagen fibers... great tensile strength... meniscus of knee…
skeletal cartilages
1. hyaline cartilage... 2. elastic cartilage... 3. fibrocartilage
hyaline cartilage
provides support, flexibility, resilience... collagen fibers... art…
22 terms
Chapter 7: Skeletal System
ortho-
arthr/o
calcane/o
carp/o
straight
joint
heel
wrist
ortho-
straight
arthr/o
joint
83 terms
Chapter 7 Skeletal system
epiphysis
articular cartilage
diaphysis
periosteum
The end of a long bone, usually larger in diameter than the s…
Covers end of bones to prevent friction
shaft of a long bone
The dense white fibrous covering around bone
epiphysis
The end of a long bone, usually larger in diameter than the s…
articular cartilage
Covers end of bones to prevent friction
121 terms
Chapter 7 skeletal system
Osteogenesis
Osteocytes
Osteoblast
Osteoclast
Formation of the bone
Mature known cell
Bone forming cell
Cell that erodes bone
Osteogenesis
Formation of the bone
Osteocytes
Mature known cell
27 terms
CHAPTER 7- SKELETAL SYSTEM
EPIPHYSES
DIAPHYSIS ON LONG BONE
PERIOSTEUM
OSTEOCYTES
-expanded ends of long bones that form joints with adjacent b…
-shaft of bone... -made up of compact bone... -hollow medullary cav…
tough layer of vascular connective tissue covers long bone an…
located in lacunae ... lacunae lie in concentric circles arou…
EPIPHYSES
-expanded ends of long bones that form joints with adjacent b…
DIAPHYSIS ON LONG BONE
-shaft of bone... -made up of compact bone... -hollow medullary cav…
15 terms
Chapter 7: Skeletal System
Bone Classification
Parts of a Long Bone
Compact and Spongy Bone
Compact Bone (aka Cortical Bone)
-Long bones... -Short bones... -Flat bones... -Irregular bones... -Sesamo…
-epiphysis... -distal... -proximal... -diaphysis... -compact bone... -spon…
-Osteon... -Many=compact
Bone Classification
-Long bones... -Short bones... -Flat bones... -Irregular bones... -Sesamo…
Parts of a Long Bone
-epiphysis... -distal... -proximal... -diaphysis... -compact bone... -spon…
94 terms
Chapter 7-Skeletal System
skeletal system (functions)
support (function of SS)
protection (function of SS)
hemopoiesis (function of SS)
-support... -protection... -hemopoiesis... -leverage for movement... -min…
-framework for attachment of soft tissues and organs
-delicate tissues and organs are surrounded by bones
-blood cell production... -RBC,WBC, and platelets... -occurs in red…
skeletal system (functions)
-support... -protection... -hemopoiesis... -leverage for movement... -min…
support (function of SS)
-framework for attachment of soft tissues and organs
164 terms
Chapter 7 - Skeletal System
Function of Bones
What does bone consist of?
short bones
long bones
Provide points of attachments for muscles, protect and suppor…
Bone consist of a variety of very active, living tissues: bon…
Cubed-shaped. Nearly in length and width. Texture is spongy e…
A type of bone that is longer than it is wide. Shaft is calle…
Function of Bones
Provide points of attachments for muscles, protect and suppor…
What does bone consist of?
Bone consist of a variety of very active, living tissues: bon…
114 terms
Chapter 7 Skeletal System
Long bones
Short bones
Flat bones
Irregular bones
Have long longitudinal axes and expanded ends. Ex: forearms a…
Are somewhat cubelike, with roughly equal lengths and widths…
Platelike structures with broad surfaces, such as the ribs, s…
Have a variety of shapes and are usually connected to several…
Long bones
Have long longitudinal axes and expanded ends. Ex: forearms a…
Short bones
Are somewhat cubelike, with roughly equal lengths and widths…
28 terms
Skeletal System - Chapter 7
Articular cartilage
Bursa
Cartilaginous joint
Compact bone
Hyaline cartilage that covers ends of bones in synovial joints
A saclike, fluid filled structure, lined with synovial membra…
Two or more bones joined by cartilage
Dense tissue in which cells are organized in osteons (Haversi…
Articular cartilage
Hyaline cartilage that covers ends of bones in synovial joints
Bursa
A saclike, fluid filled structure, lined with synovial membra…
10 terms
Chapter 7: Skeletal System
Skeletal System
2 types of bone tissue
Compact Bone
Spongy Bone
-Support body's soft tissue and internal organs ... -Stores calc…
-Compact Bone... -Spongy Bone
Outer surface of the bone
Inside of the compact bone layer
Skeletal System
-Support body's soft tissue and internal organs ... -Stores calc…
2 types of bone tissue
-Compact Bone... -Spongy Bone
chapter 7 skeletal system
Functions of the Skeletal system
Support
Protection
Movement
Support, Protection, Movement, Storage, Hematopoiesis,
The skeleton provides the internal framework of the body and…
The skeletal system protects the the soft tissues that are lo…
muscles are anchored firmly to bones. As you contract these m…
Functions of the Skeletal system
Support, Protection, Movement, Storage, Hematopoiesis,
Support
The skeleton provides the internal framework of the body and…
19 terms
Chapter 7: Skeletal System
acetabul-
ax-
-blast
canal-
vinegar cup
axis
bud
channel
acetabul-
vinegar cup
ax-
axis
28 terms
Chapter 7: Skeletal System
Functions of the Skeletal System
Cartilage
Hyaline cartilage
Fibrocartilage
1. Supports and stabilizes the surround tissues such as the m…
a connective tissue, is the environment in which bone develop…
makes up the skeleton of the developing fetus and is mostly r…
dense and resistant to stretching; intervertebral disks which…
Functions of the Skeletal System
1. Supports and stabilizes the surround tissues such as the m…
Cartilage
a connective tissue, is the environment in which bone develop…
112 terms
Chapter 7 - Skeletal System
frontal bone
skeletal system
skull characteristics
parietal bones
supraorbital margins... glabella... forms anterior cranial fossa... su…
206 bones - 80 axial (skull, vertebrae, thoracic cage) ... appen…
22 cranial and facial bones... mandible = only freely movable bo…
forms bulk of the cranial vault... sutures: coronal, sagittal, l…
frontal bone
supraorbital margins... glabella... forms anterior cranial fossa... su…
skeletal system
206 bones - 80 axial (skull, vertebrae, thoracic cage) ... appen…
28 terms
Skeletal System Chapter 7
Articular Cartilage
Bursa
Cartilaginous Joint
Compact bone
Hyaline cartilage that covers ends of bones in synovial joints
A saclike, fluid filled structure, lined with synovial membra…
Two or more bones joined by cartilage
Dense tissue in which cells are organized in osteons (Haversi…
Articular Cartilage
Hyaline cartilage that covers ends of bones in synovial joints
Bursa
A saclike, fluid filled structure, lined with synovial membra…
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