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Study sets matching "biology chapter 8 cellular transport quizlet"

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Study sets matching "biology chapter 8 cellular transport quizlet"

29 terms
Biology Chapter 8: Cellular Transport and the Cell Cycle
osmosis
isotonic solution
hypotonic solution
hypertonic solution
diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane de…
in cells, solution in which the concentration of dissolved su…
in cells, solution in which the concentration of dissolved su…
in cells, solution in which the concentration of dissolved su…
osmosis
diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane de…
isotonic solution
in cells, solution in which the concentration of dissolved su…
20 terms
Chapter 8: Cellular Transport Review
Osmosis
isotonic solution
hypotonic solution
hypertonic solution
The diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membran…
the concentration of dissolved substances in the solution is…
the concentration of dissolved substances is lower in the sol…
hypertonic solution the concentration of dissolved substances…
Osmosis
The diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membran…
isotonic solution
the concentration of dissolved substances in the solution is…
31 terms
Biology Chapter 8 - Cellular Transport and the Cell Cycle
Fluid Mosaic Model
visible chromosomes
endocytosis
mitosis
structural model of plasma membrane where molecules are free…
form DNA is in 1% of the time during cell division or mitosis…
cell engulfs material from the environment
cell division (division of the nucleus)... only eukaryotes do th…
Fluid Mosaic Model
structural model of plasma membrane where molecules are free…
visible chromosomes
form DNA is in 1% of the time during cell division or mitosis…
13 terms
Chapter 8: Cellular Transport
Osmosis
isotonic solution
hypotonic solution
hypertonic solution
The diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membran…
the concentration of dissolved substances in the solution is…
the concentration of dissolved substances is lower in the sol…
hypertonic solution the concentration of dissolved substances…
Osmosis
The diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membran…
isotonic solution
the concentration of dissolved substances in the solution is…
Biology Chapter 8: Cellular Transport and the Cell Cycle
Osmosis
Isotonic solution
Hypotonic solution
Hypertonic solution
The diffusing of water across a selectively permeable membrane
The concentration of dissolved substances is the same inside…
The concentration of dissolved substances is lower outside th…
The concentration of dissolved substances is higher outside t…
Osmosis
The diffusing of water across a selectively permeable membrane
Isotonic solution
The concentration of dissolved substances is the same inside…
28 terms
chapter 8 biology cellular transport and the cell cycle
osmosis
isotonic solution
hypotonic solution
hypertonic solution
the diffusion of water across a selection on both sides of th…
the concentration of dissolved substances in the solution is…
the concentration of dissolved substances is lower in the sol…
the concentration of dissolved substances outside the cell is…
osmosis
the diffusion of water across a selection on both sides of th…
isotonic solution
the concentration of dissolved substances in the solution is…
10 terms
Biology Vocab Chapter 8.1: Cellular Transport
plasma membrane
osmosis
isotonic solution
hypotonic solution
flexible boundary between the cell and its environment; allow…
diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane de…
in cells, solution in which the concentration of dissolved su…
in cells, solution in which the concentration of dissolved su…
plasma membrane
flexible boundary between the cell and its environment; allow…
osmosis
diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane de…
22 terms
Chapter 8 - Cellular Transport
Concentration Gradient
Selective Permeability
Active Transport
Passive Transport
the difference in the concentration of a substance across a d…
a process in which a membrane allows some molecules to pass t…
Energy-requiring movement of molecules across a membrane from…
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
Concentration Gradient
the difference in the concentration of a substance across a d…
Selective Permeability
a process in which a membrane allows some molecules to pass t…
41 terms
cellular transport chapter 8
osmosis
isotonic solution
hypotonic solution
hypertonic solution
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
A solution in which the concentration of solutes is essential…
A solution in which the concentration of solutes is less than…
A solution in which the concentration of solutes is greater t…
osmosis
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
isotonic solution
A solution in which the concentration of solutes is essential…
28 terms
chapter 8 biology cellular transport and the cell cycle
osmosis
isotonic solution
hypotonic solution
hypertonic solution
the diffusion of water across a selection on both sides of th…
the concentration of dissolved substances in the solution is…
the concentration of dissolved substances is lower in the sol…
the concentration of dissolved substances outside the cell is…
osmosis
the diffusion of water across a selection on both sides of th…
isotonic solution
the concentration of dissolved substances in the solution is…
28 terms
chapter 8 biology cellular transport and the cell cycle
osmosis
isotonic solution
hypotonic solution
hypertonic solution
the diffusion of water across a selection on both sides of th…
the concentration of dissolved substances in the solution is…
the concentration of dissolved substances is lower in the sol…
the concentration of dissolved substances outside the cell is…
osmosis
the diffusion of water across a selection on both sides of th…
isotonic solution
the concentration of dissolved substances in the solution is…
29 terms
Biology Chapter 8: Cellular Transport and the Cell Cycle
osmosis
isotonic solution
hypotonic solution
hypertonic solution
diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane de…
in cells, solution in which the concentration of dissolved su…
in cells, solution in which the concentration of dissolved su…
in cells, solution in which the concentration of dissolved su…
osmosis
diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane de…
isotonic solution
in cells, solution in which the concentration of dissolved su…
27 terms
Biology Chapter 8- Cellular Transport and the Cell Cycle
osmosis
isotonic solution
hypotonic solution
hypertonic solution
diffusion of water across a selective permeable membrane
the concentration of dissolved substances in the solution is…
the concentration of dissolved substances is lower in the sol…
the concentration of dissolved substances outside the cell is…
osmosis
diffusion of water across a selective permeable membrane
isotonic solution
the concentration of dissolved substances in the solution is…
44 terms
Chapter 8 cellular transport
The longest phase
Most complex
Carrier proteins (higher to lower)
two carrier proteins
Interphase
Organic system
facilitated diffusion
Passive
The longest phase
Interphase
Most complex
Organic system
32 terms
cellular transport chapter 8
homeostasis
diffusion
concentration gradient
osmosis
biological balance, temperature, hydration, blood pressure, p…
movement from high concentration to low concentration; Trying…
difference in concentration of substances across space
the diffusion of water through a permeable membrane
homeostasis
biological balance, temperature, hydration, blood pressure, p…
diffusion
movement from high concentration to low concentration; Trying…
30 terms
Chapter 8: Cellular Transport
isotonic solution
hypotonic solution
hypertonic solution
What happens to animals cells in a hyp…
there is the same amount of water outside the cell as inside…
more dissolved substances and less water inside the cell
more dissolved substance and less water outside the cell than…
Animal cells may be unable to withstand the pressure and burs…
isotonic solution
there is the same amount of water outside the cell as inside…
hypotonic solution
more dissolved substances and less water inside the cell
12 terms
Chapter 8: Cellular Transport
Osmosis
isotonic solution
hypotonic solution
hypertonic solution
The diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membran…
the concentration of dissolved substances in the solution is…
the concentration of dissolved substances is lower in the sol…
hypertonic solution the concentration of dissolved substances…
Osmosis
The diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membran…
isotonic solution
the concentration of dissolved substances in the solution is…
25 terms
chapter 8 cellular transport
osmosis: diffusion of water
what controls osmosis
cells in an isotonic solution
cells in a hyptomic solution
although the plasma membrane of a cell can act as a dam or pu…
unequal distribution of particles called a concentration grad…
isotopic solution the concentration of dissolved substances i…
the concentration is dissolved substances is lower in the sol…
osmosis: diffusion of water
although the plasma membrane of a cell can act as a dam or pu…
what controls osmosis
unequal distribution of particles called a concentration grad…
13 terms
Chapter 8 Cellular Transport .
Isotonic Solution
Facilitated Diffusion
Endocytosis
Hypotonic solution
solution in which the concentration of water is the same insi…
Passive transport of materials across a plasma membrane by tr…
Active transport process where a cell takes materials into th…
solution where there is more water outside the cell than insi…
Isotonic Solution
solution in which the concentration of water is the same insi…
Facilitated Diffusion
Passive transport of materials across a plasma membrane by tr…
12 terms
Chapter 8 Cellular Transport
Diffusion
Dynamic Equilibrium
Osmosis
Isotonic Solution
Net movement of solute from an area of higher concentration t…
The movement of solute in and out of a cell without overall c…
The diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane.
A solution where the concentration of dissolved substances in…
Diffusion
Net movement of solute from an area of higher concentration t…
Dynamic Equilibrium
The movement of solute in and out of a cell without overall c…
12 terms
Chapter 8 Vocabulary Cellular Transport
active transport
concentration gradient
diffusion
dynamic equilibrium
the movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into…
different amounts of solute on either side of the membrane
the net movement of particles from an area of higher concentr…
equal amounts of solute on either side of the membrane (the r…
active transport
the movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into…
concentration gradient
different amounts of solute on either side of the membrane
21 terms
Chapter 8: Cellular Transport and the Cell Cycle
osmosis
isotonic solution
hypotonic solution
hypertonic solution
the diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane
the concentration of dissolved substances in the solution is…
the concentration of dissolved substances is lower in the sol…
the concentration of dissolved substances outside the cell is…
osmosis
the diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane
isotonic solution
the concentration of dissolved substances in the solution is…
43 terms
Chapter 8 Osmosis and Cellular Transport
active transport
endocytosis
exocytosis
facilitated diffusion
energy expending process by which cells transport materials a…
active transport process where a cell engulfs materials with…
active transport process by which materials are secreted or e…
passive transport of materials across a plasma membrane by tr…
active transport
energy expending process by which cells transport materials a…
endocytosis
active transport process where a cell engulfs materials with…
28 terms
Chapter 8.1 Cellular Transport
Osmosis
Isotonic Solution
Hypotonic Solution
Passive Transport
The diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane
the concentration of dissolved substances in the solution is…
the concentration of dissolved substances is lower in the sol…
movement of particles across the cell membranes by diffusion…
Osmosis
The diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane
Isotonic Solution
the concentration of dissolved substances in the solution is…
31 terms
Chapter 8 Cellular Transport and the Cell Cycle
plasma membrane
osmosis
isotonic solution
hypotonic solution
the boundary between a cell and its environment
diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane de…
in cells, solution in which the concentration of dissolved su…
in cells, solution in which the concentration of dissolved su…
plasma membrane
the boundary between a cell and its environment
osmosis
diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane de…
7 terms
Chapter 8.1 Cellular Transport
Diffusion
The factors that affect diffusion
Dynamic equilibrium
Concentration gradient
Movement of particles from an area of higher concentration to…
Temperature,concentration, pressure
Continuous movement but no overall concentration change
Occurs where concentration of something changes over certain…
Diffusion
Movement of particles from an area of higher concentration to…
The factors that affect diffusion
Temperature,concentration, pressure
28 terms
Biology - Ch 8: Cellular Transport and the Cell Cyle
active transport
endocytosis
exocytosis
facilitated diffusion
energy-expending process by which cells transport materials a…
active transport process where a cell engulfs materials with…
active transport process by which materials are secreted or e…
passive transport of materials across a plasma membrane by tr…
active transport
energy-expending process by which cells transport materials a…
endocytosis
active transport process where a cell engulfs materials with…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary Cellular Energy
Energy
Thermodynamics
Metabolism
Photosynthesis
Ability to do work
Study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe
All of the chemical reactions in a cell are referred to as...
Anabolic pathway in which light energy from the sun is conver…
Energy
Ability to do work
Thermodynamics
Study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe
10 terms
Chapter 8.1 cellular transport
Plasma membrane
Osmosis
Isotonic solution
Hypertonic solution
Flexible boundary between the cell and its environment; allow…
Diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane de…
In cells, solution in which the concentration of dissolved su…
In cells, solution in which the concentration of dissolved su…
Plasma membrane
Flexible boundary between the cell and its environment; allow…
Osmosis
Diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane de…
10 terms
Chapter 8.1 Cellular Transport
Plasma Membrane
Osmosis
isotonic solution
Hypotonic solution
Flexible Boundary between the cell and it's environment: allo…
Diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane de…
In cells, solution in which the concentration of dissolved su…
in cells, solution in which the concentration of dissolved su…
Plasma Membrane
Flexible Boundary between the cell and it's environment: allo…
Osmosis
Diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane de…
28 terms
Chapter 8 Cellular Transport and the Cell Cycle Vocabulary
Osmosis
Isotonic Solution
Hypotonic Solution
Hypertonic Solution
The diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane.
in cells, solution in which the concentration of dissolved su…
in cells, solution in which the concentration of dissolved su…
in cells, solution in which the concentration of dissolved su…
Osmosis
The diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane.
Isotonic Solution
in cells, solution in which the concentration of dissolved su…
35 terms
Glencoe Biology - Chapter 8: Cellular Energy
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Aerobic
Aerobic respiration
Anaerobic process
Energy-carrying biological molecule, which, when broken down,…
A metabolic process that requires oxygen.
Metabolic process in which pyruvate is broken down and electr…
A metabolic process that does not require oxygen.
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Energy-carrying biological molecule, which, when broken down,…
Aerobic
A metabolic process that requires oxygen.
29 terms
Glencoe Biology - Chapter 8: Cellular Energy
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Aerobic
Aerobic respiration
Anaerobic process
Energy-carrying biological molecule, which, when broken down,…
A metabolic process that requires oxygen.
Metabolic process in which pyruvate is broken down and electr…
A metabolic process that does not require oxygen.
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Energy-carrying biological molecule, which, when broken down,…
Aerobic
A metabolic process that requires oxygen.
35 terms
Biology - Chapter 8: Cellular Energy
8.1 Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Aerobic
Aerobic respiration
Anaerobic process
Energy-carrying biological molecule, which, when broken down,…
A metabolic process that requires oxygen.
Metabolic process in which pyruvate is broken down and electr…
A metabolic process that does not require oxygen.
8.1 Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Energy-carrying biological molecule, which, when broken down,…
Aerobic
A metabolic process that requires oxygen.
9 terms
Chapter 8: Cellular Transport (8.1)
osmosis
isotonic solution
hypotonic solution
hypertonic solution
...
...
...
...
osmosis
...
isotonic solution
...
70 terms
Chapter 8: Cellular Biology
Cell theory
kingdoms
eukaryotes
prokaryotes
-all living things are made up of cells... -cell is the basic fu…
Bacteria Archaea Protista Fungi Plantae Animalia
have nucleus
no nucleus or membrane bound organelles
Cell theory
-all living things are made up of cells... -cell is the basic fu…
kingdoms
Bacteria Archaea Protista Fungi Plantae Animalia
65 terms
Chapter 8: Cellular Biology
6 kingdoms
prokaryote
cell membrane
fluid mosaic model
Bacteria, Archaea, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia
before nucleus, cells lack a membrane bound nucleus
encloses the cell and exhibits selective permeability; it reg…
consists of a phospholipid bilayer with proteins embedded thr…
6 kingdoms
Bacteria, Archaea, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia
prokaryote
before nucleus, cells lack a membrane bound nucleus
11 terms
Chapter 8 Cellular transport and cell cycle
Isotonic Solution
Hypotonic Solution
Hypertonic
Channel Protien
doesnt change the shape of a cell
Causes a cell to swell
Causes a cell to shrink
Transport protein that porvides a tubelike opening in the pla…
Isotonic Solution
doesnt change the shape of a cell
Hypotonic Solution
Causes a cell to swell
Cellular-Biology-Chapter-8:
How do solutes cross membranes?
What determines the movement of a solu…
erythocyte plasma membrane provides wh…
Simple diffusion:
simple diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active transport
By it's electrochemical potential or concentration gradient
examples of transport mechanisms
unassisted movement across the gradient
How do solutes cross membranes?
simple diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active transport
What determines the movement of a solu…
By it's electrochemical potential or concentration gradient
54 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 8 Cellular Energy Transfer
Cellular Energy transfer (Main Idea)
Cellular activities that require energy
Energy
Thermodynamics
All living organisms use energy to carry out all biological p…
macro molecules are assembled and broken down, substances are…
the ability to do work
the study of the flow and transformation of energy in the uni…
Cellular Energy transfer (Main Idea)
All living organisms use energy to carry out all biological p…
Cellular activities that require energy
macro molecules are assembled and broken down, substances are…
15 terms
Chapter 4/ Biology 8/ Cellular transport
cell
What is found inside of cells?
What separates the inside of the cell…
What needs to be transported into a ce…
-smallest unit of life... -enclosed by a membrane... -different typ…
-organelles specific structure that performs specific functio…
-Cell membrane... -allows nutrients in, wastes out... -protects fro…
- energy... -proteins... -waste... -nutrients
cell
-smallest unit of life... -enclosed by a membrane... -different typ…
What is found inside of cells?
-organelles specific structure that performs specific functio…
24 terms
Glencoe Biology - Chapter 8: Cellular Energy
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Aerobic respiration
Anaerobic process
Calvin cycle
Energy-carrying (storing) molecule. When a phosphate is broke…
Metabolic process in which glucose is broken down to make ATP…
A metabolic process that does not require oxygen. For example…
1) Takes place in stroma of chloroplast 2) What goes in: carb…
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Energy-carrying (storing) molecule. When a phosphate is broke…
Aerobic respiration
Metabolic process in which glucose is broken down to make ATP…
27 terms
Chapter 8 cellular transport/cell cycle
Active transport
Endocytosis
Exocytosis
Hypertonic solution
Energy expanding process by which cells transport materials a…
Active transport process where a cell engulfs material with a…
Active transport process by which materials are secreted or e…
Solution in which the concentration of dissolved substances o…
Active transport
Energy expanding process by which cells transport materials a…
Endocytosis
Active transport process where a cell engulfs material with a…
65 terms
Chapter 8: Cellular Biology
Cell Theory
six kingdoms
cell membrane
fluid mosiac model
- all living things are composed of cells... - the cell is the b…
bacteria, archaea, protista, fungi, plantae, animalia
encloses the cell and exhibits selective permeability
the cell membrane consists of a phospholipid bilayer with pro…
Cell Theory
- all living things are composed of cells... - the cell is the b…
six kingdoms
bacteria, archaea, protista, fungi, plantae, animalia
70 terms
PCAT: Chapter 8: Cellular Biology
Cell Theory
Cell Components
Six kingdoms
Two major types of cells
- all living things are composed of cells... - cell is basic fun…
The organelles include:... Nucleus, ribosomes, endoplasmic retic…
Bacteria... Archaea... Protista... Fungi... Plantae... Animalia... -Kingdom Mo…
1. PROKARYOTIC (means "before nucleus")- lack the membrane-bo…
Cell Theory
- all living things are composed of cells... - cell is basic fun…
Cell Components
The organelles include:... Nucleus, ribosomes, endoplasmic retic…
20 terms
Biology Chapter 8 - Cellular Energy
energy
autotroph
heterotroph
metabolism
Ability to do work or produce heat
An organism that makes its own food
An organism that cannot make its own food.
Chemical reactions in living organisms that are necessary to…
energy
Ability to do work or produce heat
autotroph
An organism that makes its own food
42 terms
Chapter 8 - Cellular Biology
Cell Theory
Six Kingdoms of living things and subg…
Cell membrane
Phospholipid Bilayer
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. The cell is th…
Bacteria, Archaea, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia.... Su…
Encloses the cell and exhibits selective permeability; it reg…
Phospholipid molecules are arranged such that the long, non p…
Cell Theory
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. The cell is th…
Six Kingdoms of living things and subg…
Bacteria, Archaea, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia.... Su…
71 terms
Chapter 8 Cellular Biology
Cell Theory may be summarized as follo…
List the 6 kingdoms
Where does ribosomal RNA synthesis occ…
What are Ribosomes?
1. All living things are composed of cells... 2. The cell is the…
1. Bacteria... 2. Archaea... 3. Protista... 4. Fungi... 5. Plantae... 6. Ani…
Nucleolus
They are sites of protein production
Cell Theory may be summarized as follo…
1. All living things are composed of cells... 2. The cell is the…
List the 6 kingdoms
1. Bacteria... 2. Archaea... 3. Protista... 4. Fungi... 5. Plantae... 6. Ani…
35 terms
Biology - Chapter 8: Cellular Energy
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Aerobic
Aerobic respiration
Anaerobic process
Energy-carrying biological molecule, which, when broken down,…
A metabolic process that requires oxygen.
Metabolic process in which pyruvate is broken down and electr…
A metabolic process that does not require oxygen.
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Energy-carrying biological molecule, which, when broken down,…
Aerobic
A metabolic process that requires oxygen.
Biology Chapter 8 - Cellular Respiration
acetyl Co-A
acetyl group
ADP
aerobic respiration
the co-enzyme that carries the carbon atoms of pyruvate throu…
the two-carbon molecule made from pyretic acid oxidation.
Two phosphate groups linked to an adenosine molecule molecule…
the biological process in which ATP is made from glucose, USI…
acetyl Co-A
the co-enzyme that carries the carbon atoms of pyruvate throu…
acetyl group
the two-carbon molecule made from pyretic acid oxidation.
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