Study sets matching "biology chapter 8"

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Biology Chapter 8
adensoine triposphate (ATP)
heterotroph
autotroph
photosynthesis
compound used by cells to store and release energy
organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
organism that is able to capture eergy from sunlight or chemi…
process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture light…
adensoine triposphate (ATP)
compound used by cells to store and release energy
heterotroph
organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
66 terms
chapter 8 Biology
plant cells in mitosis
meiosis
cancer
cancer cells
simple matter of separating the contents of the cell into two…
(genetics) cell division that produces reproductive cells in…
disease of the cell cycle
do not respond normally to the cell cycle control system... can…
plant cells in mitosis
simple matter of separating the contents of the cell into two…
meiosis
(genetics) cell division that produces reproductive cells in…
35 terms
Chapter 8 Biology
anaphase
organs
organ systems
organisms
The phase of mitosis when sister chromatids separate from eac…
Tissues that work together to perform the same function are o…
Organs that work together to perform the same function are or…
Organ systems that work together to perform the same function…
anaphase
The phase of mitosis when sister chromatids separate from eac…
organs
Tissues that work together to perform the same function are o…
Biology Chapter 8
Heredity
F1 Generation
Genetics
F2 Generation
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
The offspring of the P generation, the first filial generation
Branch of biology that studies heredity
Offspring of the F1 generation
Heredity
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
F1 Generation
The offspring of the P generation, the first filial generation
20 terms
Biology Chapter 8
ATP
Heterotrophs
Autotrophs
photosynthesis
-chemical compound cells used to store and release energy... -us…
get food by eating other organisms... US, animals
use energy in sunlight to make OWN food
process that uses light energy to produce food molecules
ATP
-chemical compound cells used to store and release energy... -us…
Heterotrophs
get food by eating other organisms... US, animals
AP Biology Chapter 8
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
bioenergetic
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
The study of energy flow or energy transformations into and w…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
catabolic pathway
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
Voc Biology Chapter 8
chromosome
histone
chromatid
centromere
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
Globular protein that assist in DNA packaging in eukaryotes.…
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
The region of the chromosome that holds the two sister chroma…
chromosome
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
histone
Globular protein that assist in DNA packaging in eukaryotes.…
43 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 8
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
bioenergetic
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
The study of energy flow or energy transformations into and w…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
catabolic pathway
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
43 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 8
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
bioenergetic
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
The study of energy flow or energy transformations into and w…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
catabolic pathway
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
Miller & Levine Biology Chapter 8 Photosynthesis
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Heterotroph
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
One of the most important compounds that cells use to store a…
Organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things
Organisms that make their own food
The process by which autotrophs use the energy of sunlight to…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
One of the most important compounds that cells use to store a…
Heterotroph
Organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things
12 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 8
autotroph
adenosine triphosphate
heterotroph
chlorophyll
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
principal pigment of plants and other photosynthetic organism…
autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
adenosine triphosphate
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
35 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
the set of metabolic pathways that break down molecules into…
usually requires energy, build new molecules and/or store ene…
metabolism
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
40 terms
Biology 20 Terms Chapter 8
Circulatory System
Atria (Atrium)
Ventricles
Septum
in animals, the system of vessels that transports blood, and…
one of the two upper chambers of the heart that collects bloo…
one of the two lower chambers of the heart; each ventricle re…
in the heart, the muscular wall that separates the two ventri…
Circulatory System
in animals, the system of vessels that transports blood, and…
Atria (Atrium)
one of the two upper chambers of the heart that collects bloo…
51 terms
Biology Chapter 8
peristalsis
chyme
gallbladder
bile
The movement of digestive organs that pushes food through the…
Partly digested liquid food in the digestive tract.
The digestive organ that stores bile.
A substance made in the liver that breaks down fats.
peristalsis
The movement of digestive organs that pushes food through the…
chyme
Partly digested liquid food in the digestive tract.
19 terms
Glencoe Biology Chapter 8
energy
thermodynamics
photosynthesis
cellular respiration
the ability to do work
the study of the flow and transformation of energy in the uni…
the anabolic pathway in which light energy from the sun is co…
the catabolic pathway in which organic molecules are broken d…
energy
the ability to do work
thermodynamics
the study of the flow and transformation of energy in the uni…
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Energy
Thermodynamics
Metabolism
Photosynthesis
Is the ability to do work
the study of conversions between thermal energy and other for…
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.
Energy
Is the ability to do work
Thermodynamics
the study of conversions between thermal energy and other for…
48 terms
chapter 8 biology
nutrients
nutrition
minerals
absorption
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, repair itsel…
The process by which the body takes in and break it down so i…
chemical elements that organisms need for normal functioning
Digested products moving into blood stream, picked up by the…
nutrients
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, repair itsel…
nutrition
The process by which the body takes in and break it down so i…
33 terms
Biology Chapter 8
Photosynthesis takes place inside orga…
Chlorophyll
A pigment molecule that gives plants t…
Stomata
Where does photosynthesis take place?
Chloroplasts contain ______.
What is chlorophyll?
Leaves of plants contain tiny pores on their surface where ga…
Photosynthesis takes place inside orga…
Where does photosynthesis take place?
Chlorophyll
Chloroplasts contain ______.
34 terms
Biology: Chapter 8 Photosynthesis
autotroph
heterotroph
stroma
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Organism that obtains energy from the food it consumes; also…
the region outside thylakoid membranes
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
heterotroph
Organism that obtains energy from the food it consumes; also…
Biology vocabulary chapter 8
Autotrophs
Heterotroph
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemicals that living things use to stor…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
Autotrophs
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Heterotroph
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 8
Aerobic
Anaerobic
ATP- Adenosine Triphosphate
Autotroph
Process that requires oxygen
Process that does not require oxygen
A type of bio-chemical fuel. An important compound that cells…
An organism that makes its own food
Aerobic
Process that requires oxygen
Anaerobic
Process that does not require oxygen
27 terms
Miller and Levine Biology Chapter 8
ATP- Adenosine Triphosphate
ADP -Adenosine Diphosphate
Glucose
Heterotrophs
A type of bio-chemical fuel. An important compound that cells…
Looks almost like ATP except it has two phosphate groups inst…
ATP is great for transferring energy but not storing. Glucose…
Organisms that get their food by absorbing other living thing…
ATP- Adenosine Triphosphate
A type of bio-chemical fuel. An important compound that cells…
ADP -Adenosine Diphosphate
Looks almost like ATP except it has two phosphate groups inst…
42 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 8 (energy)
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
all of an organism's chemical reactions
step-wise conversion of precursors to products using specific…
break down of complex molecules into simple ones (releases en…
building of complex molecules from simple ones (requires ener…
metabolism
all of an organism's chemical reactions
metabolic pathway
step-wise conversion of precursors to products using specific…
Campbell Biology Chapter 8
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
bioenergetic
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
The study of energy flow or energy transformations into and w…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
catabolic pathway
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
15 terms
Chapter 8 Biology
Contractile Vacuoles
Pseudopodia
Eye spots
Chemotaxis
used by some organisms to pump out water
"false foot" amoeba use these to move and find food
Euglena and other small organisms have these to help them fin…
When organisms direct their movement to certain chemicals in…
Contractile Vacuoles
used by some organisms to pump out water
Pseudopodia
"false foot" amoeba use these to move and find food
Biology Chapter 8
energy
thermodynamics
photosynthesis
cellular respiration
the ability to do work
the study of the flow and transformation of energy in the uni…
the anabolic pathway in which light energy from the sun is co…
the catabolic pathway in which organic molecules are broken d…
energy
the ability to do work
thermodynamics
the study of the flow and transformation of energy in the uni…
46 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Test Review
thermodynamics
1st law of thermodynamics
2nd law of thermodynamics
thermal energy
study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe
energy can be converted from one form to another, but cannot…
energy cannot be converted without the "loss" of usable energy
"lost" energy is not really lost but is converted to...
thermodynamics
study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe
1st law of thermodynamics
energy can be converted from one form to another, but cannot…
17 terms
Biology Chapter 8: Enzymes
Active Site
Induced Fit
Competitive inhibitors
Noncompetitive inhibitors
A region of an enzyme molecule which binds to the substrate
A change in the shape of an enzyme's active site. This is cau…
Chemicals compete with substrates for the active site. This d…
Does not attach at the active site, but binds to another site…
Active Site
A region of an enzyme molecule which binds to the substrate
Induced Fit
A change in the shape of an enzyme's active site. This is cau…
31 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocab
chromosome
histone
chromatid
centromere
Bodies within the nucleus made in DNA and proteins called the…
protein molecule around which DNA is tightly coiled in chroma…
Each half of the chromosome... one of the two strands of a chro…
a region of the chromosome where the 2 sister chromatids are…
chromosome
Bodies within the nucleus made in DNA and proteins called the…
histone
protein molecule around which DNA is tightly coiled in chroma…
101 terms
A Beka Biology chapter 8 review
sense organs
pain receptor
thermoreceptor
chemoreceptor
an organ of the body which responds to external stimuli by co…
special cells located throughout the body (except the brain)…
Detect changes in temperature
Respond to chemicals
sense organs
an organ of the body which responds to external stimuli by co…
pain receptor
special cells located throughout the body (except the brain)…
28 terms
Biology Chapter 8
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Heterotroph
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
compound used by cells to store and release energy
An organism that cannot make its own food.
An organism that makes its own food
Process in which plants make food
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
compound used by cells to store and release energy
Heterotroph
An organism that cannot make its own food.
23 terms
A Beka Biology chapter 8.3
corpus callosum
cerebral palsy
medulla oblongata
pons
The large band of neural fibers connecting the two brain hemi…
A loss or deficiency of motor control with involuntary spasms…
A portion of the brainstem that regulates vital functions, in…
A brain structure that relays information from the cerebellum…
corpus callosum
The large band of neural fibers connecting the two brain hemi…
cerebral palsy
A loss or deficiency of motor control with involuntary spasms…
13 terms
Biology Chapter 8
adenosine triphosphate
aerobic process
aerobic respiration
anaerobic process
energy-carrying biological molecule, which when broken down,…
metabolic process that requires oxygen
metabolic process in which pyruvate is broken down and electr…
metabolic process that does not require oxygen
adenosine triphosphate
energy-carrying biological molecule, which when broken down,…
aerobic process
metabolic process that requires oxygen
37 terms
A Beka Biology chapter 8.5
sense organs
pain receptor
thermoreceptor
chemoreceptor
an organ of the body which responds to external stimuli by co…
special cells located throughout the body (except the brain)…
Detect changes in temperature
Respond to chemicals
sense organs
an organ of the body which responds to external stimuli by co…
pain receptor
special cells located throughout the body (except the brain)…
Chapter 8 Glencoe Biology
Trophic level
Adenosine Triphosphate
Cellular Respiration
Energy
each step in a food chain or food web
(ATP) is the most important biological molecule that provides…
is the catabolic pathway in which organic molecules are broke…
the ability to do work
Trophic level
each step in a food chain or food web
Adenosine Triphosphate
(ATP) is the most important biological molecule that provides…
50 terms
Biology Chapter 8
function of cell division in prokaryotes
functions of cell division in eukaryotes
what is cell size limited by?
surface area in cells
binary fission- asexual reproduction
protists/fungi: mitosis/cytokinesis- asexual reproduction... oth…
the relationship between surface area and volume
amount of space available for interaction/exchange with the s…
function of cell division in prokaryotes
binary fission- asexual reproduction
functions of cell division in eukaryotes
protists/fungi: mitosis/cytokinesis- asexual reproduction... oth…
Chapter 8 Biology
energy
autotrophs
Heterotrophs
polysaccharides
All living things obtain and use
make their own food from light or chemicals.
break down organic matter for energy. (Eat other living things)
If the energy must be stored for long periods of time _______…
energy
All living things obtain and use
autotrophs
make their own food from light or chemicals.
43 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 8
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
bioenergetic
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
The study of energy flow or energy transformations into and w…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
catabolic pathway
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
33 terms
chapter 8 vocab BIOLOGY
chromosomes
histones
chromatid
centromere
rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins
help maintain the shape of the chromosome and aid in the tigh…
form as the DNA makes a copy of itself before cell division
holds the two chromatids together until they seperate before…
chromosomes
rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins
histones
help maintain the shape of the chromosome and aid in the tigh…
34 terms
Ap Biology Chapter 8
Metabolism
Metabolic pathways
Catabolic pathways
Anabolic pathways
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions
Begins with a specific molecule and ends with a product
Release energy by breaking down complex molecules into simple…
Consume energy to build complex molecules from simpler ones (…
Metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions
Metabolic pathways
Begins with a specific molecule and ends with a product
Biology Chapter 8
Cell division
chromosomes
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
cell divides into two new daughter cells; cellular reproduction
Structure that contains an cell's DNA and protein; formed whe…
The creation of a genetically identical offspring by a single…
Sperm and egg from two parents combines and produces offsprin…
Cell division
cell divides into two new daughter cells; cellular reproduction
chromosomes
Structure that contains an cell's DNA and protein; formed whe…
Biology Chapter 8: Photosynthesis
(8.1) Energy comes in many forms inclu…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
The 3 phosphate groups in ATP are...
Adenosine Diphosphate (ADP)
light, heat, and electricity. can be stored in chemical compo…
compound that consists of adenine, a 5-carbon sugar called ri…
the key to the ATP's ability to store and release energy
like ATP, but with only 2 phosphate groups. Becomes ATP when…
(8.1) Energy comes in many forms inclu…
light, heat, and electricity. can be stored in chemical compo…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
compound that consists of adenine, a 5-carbon sugar called ri…
42 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 8 (energy)
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
all of an organism's chemical reactions
step-wise conversion of precursors to products using specific…
break down of complex molecules into simple ones (releases en…
building of complex molecules from simple ones (requires ener…
metabolism
all of an organism's chemical reactions
metabolic pathway
step-wise conversion of precursors to products using specific…
28 terms
BIOLOGY CHAPTER 8
Describe Cell cycle
Purpose of DNA
3 parts of interphase and what happens…
Difference between G1 and G0
The series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a nucleic acid that contains t…
The cell cycle has three phases that must occur before mitosi…
G0 phase is also called as interphase which is the resting ph…
Describe Cell cycle
The series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
Purpose of DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a nucleic acid that contains t…
Chapter 8 Biology
Energy
Thermodynamics
Metabolism
Photosynthesis
ability to do work; cannot be created or destroyed, only tran…
study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe.
all of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism.
two-phase anabolic pathway in which the Sun's light energy is…
Energy
ability to do work; cannot be created or destroyed, only tran…
Thermodynamics
study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe.
49 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
double helix
nucleotide
Frederich Miescher
Thomas Hunt Morgan
twisted double-stranded structure of DNA
building block of nucleic acids which contain 5-carbon sugar,…
discoverer of DNA
used his fruit fly lab to prove chromosomal pattern of inheri…
double helix
twisted double-stranded structure of DNA
nucleotide
building block of nucleic acids which contain 5-carbon sugar,…
Campbell Essential Biology Chapter 8
cell division
Chromosomes
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
cell reproduction; two "daughter cells" are produced that are…
tightly coiled strands of long DNA molecules in a cells nucle…
single-celled organisms reproduce by dividing in half, and th…
requires fertilization of an egg by a sperm, use Miosis
cell division
cell reproduction; two "daughter cells" are produced that are…
Chromosomes
tightly coiled strands of long DNA molecules in a cells nucle…
Biology vocabulary chapter 8
Autotrophs
Heterotroph
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemicals that living things use to stor…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
Autotrophs
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Heterotroph
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
35 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
the set of metabolic pathways that break down molecules into…
usually requires energy, build new molecules and/or store ene…
metabolism
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
Glencoe Biology Chapter 8
energy
thermodynamics
photosynthesis
adenosine triphosphate
the ability to do work
the study of the flow and transformation of energy in the uni…
the anabolic pathway in which light energy from the sun is co…
a biological molecule that provides the basic unit of chemica…
energy
the ability to do work
thermodynamics
the study of the flow and transformation of energy in the uni…
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