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Study sets matching "biology chapter 8"

35 terms
Chapter 8 Biology
anaphase
organs
organ systems
organisms
The phase of mitosis when sister chromatids separate from eac…
Tissues that work together to perform the same function are o…
Organs that work together to perform the same function are or…
Organ systems that work together to perform the same function…
anaphase
The phase of mitosis when sister chromatids separate from eac…
organs
Tissues that work together to perform the same function are o…
66 terms
chapter 8 Biology
plant cells in mitosis
meiosis
cancer
cancer cells
simple matter of separating the contents of the cell into two…
(genetics) cell division that produces reproductive cells in…
disease of the cell cycle
do not respond normally to the cell cycle control system... can…
plant cells in mitosis
simple matter of separating the contents of the cell into two…
meiosis
(genetics) cell division that produces reproductive cells in…
51 terms
Biology Chapter 8
peristalsis
chyme
gallbladder
bile
The movement of digestive organs that pushes food through the…
Partly digested liquid food in the digestive tract.
The digestive organ that stores bile.
A substance made in the liver that breaks down fats.
peristalsis
The movement of digestive organs that pushes food through the…
chyme
Partly digested liquid food in the digestive tract.
20 terms
Biology Chapter 8
ATP
Heterotrophs
Autotrophs
photosynthesis
-chemical compound cells used to store and release energy... -us…
get food by eating other organisms... US, animals
use energy in sunlight to make OWN food
process that uses light energy to produce food molecules
ATP
-chemical compound cells used to store and release energy... -us…
Heterotrophs
get food by eating other organisms... US, animals
20 terms
Biology Chapter 8
Heredity
F1 Generation
Genetics
F2 Generation
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
The offspring of the P generation, the first filial generation
Branch of biology that studies heredity
Offspring of the F1 generation
Heredity
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
F1 Generation
The offspring of the P generation, the first filial generation
27 terms
Miller and Levine Biology Chapter 8
ATP- Adenosine Triphosphate
ADP -Adenosine Diphosphate
Glucose
Heterotrophs
A type of bio-chemical fuel. An important compound that cells…
Looks almost like ATP except it has two phosphate groups inst…
ATP is great for transferring energy but not storing. Glucose…
Organisms that get their food by absorbing other living thing…
ATP- Adenosine Triphosphate
A type of bio-chemical fuel. An important compound that cells…
ADP -Adenosine Diphosphate
Looks almost like ATP except it has two phosphate groups inst…
43 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 8
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
bioenergetic
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
The study of energy flow or energy transformations into and w…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
catabolic pathway
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
13 terms
Biology Chapter 8
adenosine triphosphate
aerobic process
aerobic respiration
anaerobic process
energy-carrying biological molecule, which when broken down,…
metabolic process that requires oxygen
metabolic process in which pyruvate is broken down and electr…
metabolic process that does not require oxygen
adenosine triphosphate
energy-carrying biological molecule, which when broken down,…
aerobic process
metabolic process that requires oxygen
Voc Biology Chapter 8
chromosome
histone
chromatid
centromere
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
Globular protein that assist in DNA packaging in eukaryotes.…
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
The region of the chromosome that holds the two sister chroma…
chromosome
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
histone
Globular protein that assist in DNA packaging in eukaryotes.…
43 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 8
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
bioenergetic
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
The study of energy flow or energy transformations into and w…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
catabolic pathway
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
29 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 8...Howland
Asexual reproduction
anaphase
mitotic spindles
cleavage furrow
the production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
the part of mitosis when the chromatids are being separated t…
equally separates and protects the chromatids during nuclear…
the region of the animal cell that begins pinching the cell i…
Asexual reproduction
the production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
anaphase
the part of mitosis when the chromatids are being separated t…
29 terms
Campbell Biology: Chapter 8
Metabolism
Catabolic pathways
Anabolic pathways
Kinetic energy
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
An metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down co…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
The energy associated with the relative motion of objects
Metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
Catabolic pathways
An metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down co…
40 terms
Biology 20 Terms Chapter 8
Circulatory System
Atria (Atrium)
Ventricles
Septum
in animals, the system of vessels that transports blood, and…
one of the two upper chambers of the heart that collects bloo…
one of the two lower chambers of the heart; each ventricle re…
in the heart, the muscular wall that separates the two ventri…
Circulatory System
in animals, the system of vessels that transports blood, and…
Atria (Atrium)
one of the two upper chambers of the heart that collects bloo…
19 terms
Glencoe Biology Chapter 8
energy
thermodynamics
photosynthesis
cellular respiration
the ability to do work
the study of the flow and transformation of energy in the uni…
the anabolic pathway in which light energy from the sun is co…
the catabolic pathway in which organic molecules are broken d…
energy
the ability to do work
thermodynamics
the study of the flow and transformation of energy in the uni…
34 terms
Biology: Chapter 8 Photosynthesis
autotroph
heterotroph
stroma
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Organism that obtains energy from the food it consumes; also…
the region outside thylakoid membranes
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
heterotroph
Organism that obtains energy from the food it consumes; also…
46 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Test Review
thermodynamics
1st law of thermodynamics
2nd law of thermodynamics
thermal energy
study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe
energy can be converted from one form to another, but cannot…
energy cannot be converted without the "loss" of usable energy
"lost" energy is not really lost but is converted to...
thermodynamics
study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe
1st law of thermodynamics
energy can be converted from one form to another, but cannot…
101 terms
A Beka Biology chapter 8 review
sense organs
pain receptor
thermoreceptor
chemoreceptor
an organ of the body which responds to external stimuli by co…
special cells located throughout the body (except the brain)…
Detect changes in temperature
Respond to chemicals
sense organs
an organ of the body which responds to external stimuli by co…
pain receptor
special cells located throughout the body (except the brain)…
42 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 8 (energy)
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
all of an organism's chemical reactions
step-wise conversion of precursors to products using specific…
break down of complex molecules into simple ones (releases en…
building of complex molecules from simple ones (requires ener…
metabolism
all of an organism's chemical reactions
metabolic pathway
step-wise conversion of precursors to products using specific…
48 terms
chapter 8 biology
nutrients
nutrition
minerals
absorption
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, repair itsel…
The process by which the body takes in and break it down so i…
chemical elements that organisms need for normal functioning
Digested products moving into blood stream, picked up by the…
nutrients
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, repair itsel…
nutrition
The process by which the body takes in and break it down so i…
23 terms
A Beka Biology chapter 8.3
corpus callosum
cerebral palsy
medulla oblongata
pons
The large band of neural fibers connecting the two brain hemi…
A loss or deficiency of motor control with involuntary spasms…
A portion of the brainstem that regulates vital functions, in…
A brain structure that relays information from the cerebellum…
corpus callosum
The large band of neural fibers connecting the two brain hemi…
cerebral palsy
A loss or deficiency of motor control with involuntary spasms…
37 terms
A Beka Biology chapter 8.5
sense organs
pain receptor
thermoreceptor
chemoreceptor
an organ of the body which responds to external stimuli by co…
special cells located throughout the body (except the brain)…
Detect changes in temperature
Respond to chemicals
sense organs
an organ of the body which responds to external stimuli by co…
pain receptor
special cells located throughout the body (except the brain)…
Campbell Biology Chapter 8
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
bioenergetic
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
The study of energy flow or energy transformations into and w…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
catabolic pathway
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
56 terms
Biology Chapter 8: Photosynthesis
(8.1) Energy comes in many forms inclu…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
The 3 phosphate groups in ATP are...
Adenosine Diphosphate (ADP)
light, heat, and electricity. can be stored in chemical compo…
compound that consists of adenine, a 5-carbon sugar called ri…
the key to the ATP's ability to store and release energy
like ATP, but with only 2 phosphate groups. Becomes ATP when…
(8.1) Energy comes in many forms inclu…
light, heat, and electricity. can be stored in chemical compo…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
compound that consists of adenine, a 5-carbon sugar called ri…
17 terms
Biology Chapter 8: Enzymes
Active Site
Induced Fit
Competitive inhibitors
Noncompetitive inhibitors
A region of an enzyme molecule which binds to the substrate
A change in the shape of an enzyme's active site. This is cau…
Chemicals compete with substrates for the active site. This d…
Does not attach at the active site, but binds to another site…
Active Site
A region of an enzyme molecule which binds to the substrate
Induced Fit
A change in the shape of an enzyme's active site. This is cau…
31 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocab
chromosome
histone
chromatid
centromere
Bodies within the nucleus made in DNA and proteins called the…
protein molecule around which DNA is tightly coiled in chroma…
Each half of the chromosome... one of the two strands of a chro…
a region of the chromosome where the 2 sister chromatids are…
chromosome
Bodies within the nucleus made in DNA and proteins called the…
histone
protein molecule around which DNA is tightly coiled in chroma…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 8
Photosynthesis
Biochemical Pathway
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
-Light gathering biochemical pathway... -Fixes CO2 to make sugar…
-Series of enzyme controlled reaction which produce products…
-Producer... -Plant
-Consumer (of organic compounds)... -Animal
Photosynthesis
-Light gathering biochemical pathway... -Fixes CO2 to make sugar…
Biochemical Pathway
-Series of enzyme controlled reaction which produce products…
21 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 8. Metabolism only.
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
bioenergetic
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
The study of energy flow or energy transformations into and w…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
catabolic pathway
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
12 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 8
autotroph
adenosine triphosphate
heterotroph
chlorophyll
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
principal pigment of plants and other photosynthetic organism…
autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
adenosine triphosphate
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
13 terms
Biology vocabulary chapter 8
Autotrophs
Heterotroph
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemicals that living things use to stor…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
Autotrophs
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Heterotroph
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
35 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
the set of metabolic pathways that break down molecules into…
usually requires energy, build new molecules and/or store ene…
metabolism
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
9 terms
Chapter 8.2 | Biology
Photosynthesis
Phase One
Phase Two
Proteins, Lipids, and Nucleic Acids
What is this chemical equation for?
In this phase of Photosynthesis known as the light-dependent…
In this phase of Photosynthesis known as the light-independen…
What organic molecules can the products of photosynthesis make?
Photosynthesis
What is this chemical equation for?
Phase One
In this phase of Photosynthesis known as the light-dependent…
42 terms
Campbell Essential Biology Chapter 8
cell division
Chromosomes
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
cell reproduction; two "daughter cells" are produced that are…
tightly coiled strands of long DNA molecules in a cells nucle…
single-celled organisms reproduce by dividing in half, and th…
requires fertilization of an egg by a sperm, use Miosis
cell division
cell reproduction; two "daughter cells" are produced that are…
Chromosomes
tightly coiled strands of long DNA molecules in a cells nucle…
28 terms
BIOLOGY CHAPTER 8
Describe Cell cycle
Purpose of DNA
3 parts of interphase and what happens…
Difference between G1 and G0
The series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a nucleic acid that contains t…
The cell cycle has three phases that must occur before mitosi…
G0 phase is also called as interphase which is the resting ph…
Describe Cell cycle
The series of events that take place in a cell leading to its…
Purpose of DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a nucleic acid that contains t…
33 terms
Biology Chapter 8
Photosynthesis takes place inside orga…
Chlorophyll
A pigment molecule that gives plants t…
Stomata
Where does photosynthesis take place?
Chloroplasts contain ______.
What is chlorophyll?
Leaves of plants contain tiny pores on their surface where ga…
Photosynthesis takes place inside orga…
Where does photosynthesis take place?
Chlorophyll
Chloroplasts contain ______.
19 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary Cellular Energy
Energy
Thermodynamics
Metabolism
Photosynthesis
Ability to do work
Study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe
All of the chemical reactions in a cell are referred to as...
Anabolic pathway in which light energy from the sun is conver…
Energy
Ability to do work
Thermodynamics
Study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe
19 terms
Biology Chapter 8
ENERGY
THERMODYNAMICS
METABOLISM
PHOTOSYNTHESIS
Ability to do work; energy cannot be created or destroyed, on…
Study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe.
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism.
Two-phase anabolic pathway in which the Sun's light energy is…
ENERGY
Ability to do work; energy cannot be created or destroyed, on…
THERMODYNAMICS
Study of the flow and transformation of energy in the universe.
51 terms
Biology Chapter 8
Energy
Thermodynamics
First law of thermodynamics
Second law of thermodynamics
The ability to do work
The study of the flow and transformation of energy in the uni…
Law of conservation of energy, which states that energy canno…
Energy cannot be converted without the loss of usable energy,…
Energy
The ability to do work
Thermodynamics
The study of the flow and transformation of energy in the uni…
35 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
the set of metabolic pathways that break down molecules into…
usually requires energy, build new molecules and/or store ene…
metabolism
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 8
Aerobic
Anaerobic
ATP- Adenosine Triphosphate
Autotroph
Process that requires oxygen
Process that does not require oxygen
A type of bio-chemical fuel. An important compound that cells…
An organism that makes its own food
Aerobic
Process that requires oxygen
Anaerobic
Process that does not require oxygen
23 terms
Biology Chapter 8.1-8-4
chyme
peristalsis
bile
gallbladder
Liquid food in the digestive tract that is partly digested.
The movement of digestive organs that pushes food through the…
A substance made in the liver that breaks down fat.
The digestive organ attached to the liver that stores bile.
chyme
Liquid food in the digestive tract that is partly digested.
peristalsis
The movement of digestive organs that pushes food through the…
27 terms
Biology: Chapter 8 - From DNA to Proteins
bacteriophage
nucleotide
double helix
base pairing rules
virus that infects bacteria.
monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
model that compares the structure of a DNA molecule, in which…
rule that describes how nucleotides form bonds in DNA; adenin…
bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria.
nucleotide
monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
30 terms
Biology Chapter 8
homeostasis
phospholipid
lipid bilayer
small, nonpolar
maintenance of stable internal conditions
lipid made up of a phosphate "head" and two fatty acid "tails"
the basic structure of a biological membrane
the types of substances that can pass through the lipid bilayer
homeostasis
maintenance of stable internal conditions
phospholipid
lipid made up of a phosphate "head" and two fatty acid "tails"
23 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 8 Enzymes only
enzyme
catalyst
activation energy
substrate
A protein that increases the rate of a chemical reaction with…
A substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction…
The amount of energy needed for a reaction to occur.
The reactant on which an enzyme works.
enzyme
A protein that increases the rate of a chemical reaction with…
catalyst
A substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction…
15 terms
Chapter 8 Biology
Contractile Vacuoles
Pseudopodia
Eye spots
Chemotaxis
used by some organisms to pump out water
"false foot" amoeba use these to move and find food
Euglena and other small organisms have these to help them fin…
When organisms direct their movement to certain chemicals in…
Contractile Vacuoles
used by some organisms to pump out water
Pseudopodia
"false foot" amoeba use these to move and find food
28 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 8 Terms
osmosis
isotonic solution
hypertonic solution
hypotonic solution
The diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane.
When the concentration of dissolved substances in the solutio…
The concentration of dissolved substances outside the cell is…
The concentration of dissolved substances is lower in the sol…
osmosis
The diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane.
isotonic solution
When the concentration of dissolved substances in the solutio…
Biology Chapter 8
energy
thermodynamics
photosynthesis
cellular respiration
the ability to do work
the study of the flow and transformation of energy in the uni…
the anabolic pathway in which light energy from the sun is co…
the catabolic pathway in which organic molecules are broken d…
energy
the ability to do work
thermodynamics
the study of the flow and transformation of energy in the uni…
40 terms
Chapter 8 Biology
energy
autotrophs
Heterotrophs
polysaccharides
All living things obtain and use
make their own food from light or chemicals.
break down organic matter for energy. (Eat other living things)
If the energy must be stored for long periods of time _______…
energy
All living things obtain and use
autotrophs
make their own food from light or chemicals.
19 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Energy
Thermodynamics
Metabolism
Photosynthesis
Is the ability to do work
the study of conversions between thermal energy and other for…
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.
Energy
Is the ability to do work
Thermodynamics
the study of conversions between thermal energy and other for…
16 terms
Miller & Levine Biology Chapter 8 Photosynthesis
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Heterotroph
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
One of the most important compounds that cells use to store a…
Organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things
Organisms that make their own food
The process by which autotrophs use the energy of sunlight to…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
One of the most important compounds that cells use to store a…
Heterotroph
Organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things
19 terms
Biology - Chapter 8 Photosynthesis
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
ATP
ADP
Organisms that are able to make their own food
Organisms that depend on other organisms for their food
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
adenosine diphosphate; the compound that remains when a phosp…
Autotrophs
Organisms that are able to make their own food
Heterotrophs
Organisms that depend on other organisms for their food
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