Study sets matching "biology chapter 8"

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25 terms
Campbell Biology: Chapter 8
Catabolic Pathway
Anabolic pathway
Bioenergetics
Kinetic Energy
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
the study of how energy flows through living organisms.
Energy of motion
Catabolic Pathway
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
Anabolic pathway
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
Biology Chapter 8
energy
thermodynamics
photosynthesis
cellular respiration
the ability to do work
the study of the flow and transformation of energy in the uni…
the anabolic pathway in which light energy from the sun is co…
the catabolic pathway in which organic molecules are broken d…
energy
the ability to do work
thermodynamics
the study of the flow and transformation of energy in the uni…
Chapter 8 Biology
Energy
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
ATP
All living things obtain and use
Make their own food from light or chemicals.
Break down organic matter for energy. (Eat other living things)
Cells need a simpler form of energy called __________ for cel…
Energy
All living things obtain and use
Autotrophs
Make their own food from light or chemicals.
14 terms
Biology Chapter 8
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Heterotrophs
Autotrophs
Photosynthesis
A compound used by cells to store and release energy.
An organism that obtains food by consuming other living thing…
An organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or c…
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
A compound used by cells to store and release energy.
Heterotrophs
An organism that obtains food by consuming other living thing…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Terms
ATP
Heterotroph
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
An organism that makes its own food
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
Heterotroph
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
13 terms
Chapter 8 biology vocab
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Photosynthesis
Organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
One of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
Process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
Autotroph
Organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Heterotroph
Organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
34 terms
Biology Chapter 8
Plasma membrane
homeostasis
repel water... insoluble in water... Keeps…
hydroPHILIC HEAD & hydroPHOBIC TAILS
The flexible boundary between the cell and its environment. A…
The process of maintaining balance in the cell
How do lipids react to water?
Composition of the phospholipid bilayer
Plasma membrane
The flexible boundary between the cell and its environment. A…
homeostasis
The process of maintaining balance in the cell
135 terms
Biology Chapter 8
Chromatin
Unduplicated Chromosomes
Centromere
Sister Chromatids
Loosely coiled DNA; only present during interphase
DNA tightly coiled around histone proteins; shortened and con…
Place where sister chromatids are connected
Identical unduplicated chromosomes connected by centromere
Chromatin
Loosely coiled DNA; only present during interphase
Unduplicated Chromosomes
DNA tightly coiled around histone proteins; shortened and con…
35 terms
AP Biology- Chapter 8 Enzymes
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
the set of metabolic pathways that break down molecules into…
usually requires energy, build new molecules and/or store ene…
metabolism
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
Miller and Levine Biology Chapter 8
ATP- Adenosine Triphosphate
ADP -Adenosine Diphosphate
Glucose
Heterotrophs
A type of bio-chemical fuel. An important compound that cells…
Looks almost like ATP except it has two phosphate groups inst…
ATP is great for transferring energy but not storing. Glucose…
Organisms that get their food by absorbing other living thing…
ATP- Adenosine Triphosphate
A type of bio-chemical fuel. An important compound that cells…
ADP -Adenosine Diphosphate
Looks almost like ATP except it has two phosphate groups inst…
9 terms
Chapter 8.2 | Biology
Photosynthesis
Phase One
Phase Two
Proteins, Lipids, and Nucleic Acids
What is this chemical equation for?
In this phase of Photosynthesis known as the light-dependent…
In this phase of Photosynthesis known as the light-independen…
What organic molecules can the products of photosynthesis make?
Photosynthesis
What is this chemical equation for?
Phase One
In this phase of Photosynthesis known as the light-dependent…
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
active transport
endocytosis... endon = within
exocytosis... exo = out
facilitated diffusion
movement of materials through a membrane against a concentrat…
a process by which a cell surrounds and TAKES IN material fro…
the expulsion or secretion of materials from a cell, e.g. exp…
passive transport of materials across the membrane using tran…
active transport
movement of materials through a membrane against a concentrat…
endocytosis... endon = within
a process by which a cell surrounds and TAKES IN material fro…
Chapter 8 Biology Vocabulary
ATP
Heterotroph
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
One of the most important compounds that cells use to store a…
Organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things.
Organisms that make their own food.
The process by which autotrophs use the energy of sunlight to…
ATP
One of the most important compounds that cells use to store a…
Heterotroph
Organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things.
AP Biology - Chapter 8
Cell division
Chromosomes
Asexual reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Reproduction at the cellular level,... requires the duplication…
The structures that contain most of the cells DNA
Creation of genetically identical offspring by a single paren…
Requires fertilization of an egg by a sperm. Testes and ovari…
Cell division
Reproduction at the cellular level,... requires the duplication…
Chromosomes
The structures that contain most of the cells DNA
25 terms
Biology Chapter 8
Cells are ___________
First Law of Thermodynamics
Potential Energy (PE)
Kinetic Energy (KE)
dynamic/ constantly at work and require energy
energy is neither created nor destroyed, but may be converted…
energy associated with position or configuration - at the mol…
energy of motion - at the molecular level, this is thermal en…
Cells are ___________
dynamic/ constantly at work and require energy
First Law of Thermodynamics
energy is neither created nor destroyed, but may be converted…
Biology Chapter 8 Review
worldview
Genesis
fall
inspired
What is the overall perspective enabling a person to see and…
The book of ? is a literal description of Creation.
The ? is the cause of all of mankind's problems.
The Bible is the ? Word of God.
worldview
What is the overall perspective enabling a person to see and…
Genesis
The book of ? is a literal description of Creation.
42 terms
Biology - Chapter 8
Phospholipid
Lipid Bilayer
Equilibrium
Concentration gradient
a lipid that contains phosphorus and that is a structural com…
the basic structure of a biological membrane, composed of two…
a state that exists when the concentration of a substance is…
a difference in the concentration of as substance across dist…
Phospholipid
a lipid that contains phosphorus and that is a structural com…
Lipid Bilayer
the basic structure of a biological membrane, composed of two…
10 terms
Biology Chapter 8
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
adenosine diphosphate (ADP)
heterotroph
autotroph
One of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
This is a similar chemical to ATP but it only has 2 phosphate…
A living thing that gets food by eating other living things.
A living thing that makes its own food through photosynthesis.
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
One of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
adenosine diphosphate (ADP)
This is a similar chemical to ATP but it only has 2 phosphate…
Biology Chapter 8 Digestion
Mouth
Esophagus
Peristalsis
Stomach
Teeth, jaws crush food
Long tube connects mouth to stomach
Contracting muscles moving food to stomach
Where food is turned and mixed
Mouth
Teeth, jaws crush food
Esophagus
Long tube connects mouth to stomach
53 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 8 Marine Fishes
Chordata
Vertebrata
Ichthyology
Agnatha
phylum that includes animals possessing a notochord, a hollow…
subphylum that includes animals in which the notochord has be…
study of fishes
class that includes jawless fish (hagfish and lampreys)
Chordata
phylum that includes animals possessing a notochord, a hollow…
Vertebrata
subphylum that includes animals in which the notochord has be…
Biology Chapter 8
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Adenosine triphosphate
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
Autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Heterotroph
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
40 terms
Campbell Biology 10th ed. Chapter 8
energy
metabolism
catabolic
anabolic
The ability to do work or cause change
total chemical activity of an organism
metabolic pathways that release energy by breaking down compl…
consumes energy to build complicated molecules from simpler o…
energy
The ability to do work or cause change
metabolism
total chemical activity of an organism
56 terms
Biology Chapter 8: Photosynthesis
(8.1) Energy comes in many forms inclu…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
The 3 phosphate groups in ATP are...
Adenosine Diphosphate (ADP)
light, heat, and electricity. can be stored in chemical compo…
compound that consists of adenine, a 5-carbon sugar called ri…
the key to the ATP's ability to store and release energy
like ATP, but with only 2 phosphate groups. Becomes ATP when…
(8.1) Energy comes in many forms inclu…
light, heat, and electricity. can be stored in chemical compo…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
compound that consists of adenine, a 5-carbon sugar called ri…
Biology-Chapter 8
Photosynthesis
Chloroplast
Main role of water in photosynthesis
1. Light reactions
-The energy from light is captured and used to synthesize glu…
1. Contain large quantities of chlorophyll (absorbs light ene…
Electron donor: it donated 2 electrons to the reaction
Light energy is absorbed by chlorophyll and converted to chem…
Photosynthesis
-The energy from light is captured and used to synthesize glu…
Chloroplast
1. Contain large quantities of chlorophyll (absorbs light ene…
Biology Chapter 8 - Photosynthesis
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
heterotroph
autotroph
photosynthesis
energy molecule consisting of adenine (base), ribose (5-carbo…
organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things (…
organisms that make their own food
process by which autotrophs use energy from sunlight to produ…
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
energy molecule consisting of adenine (base), ribose (5-carbo…
heterotroph
organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things (…
25 terms
Chapter 8- Biology
How can the active site lower an Activ…
Catabolic Pathways
Anabolic Pathways
Bioenergetics
1. Orienting substrates correctly... 2. Straining substrate bond…
- Breakdown molecules... - release energy... ... Ex. Cellular respira…
- Build molecules... - Consume energy... Ex. Protein synthesis
study of how energy flows through living organisms
How can the active site lower an Activ…
1. Orienting substrates correctly... 2. Straining substrate bond…
Catabolic Pathways
- Breakdown molecules... - release energy... ... Ex. Cellular respira…
Biology Chapter 8 Review
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Chlorophyll
Molecule made of ribose, adenine, and 3 phosphates used by li…
Organisms that make their own food
Organisms that get energy from other organisms
Most common plant pigment, used to absorb sunlight
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Molecule made of ribose, adenine, and 3 phosphates used by li…
Autotroph
Organisms that make their own food
Chapter 8 Biology Vocab
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Heterotroph
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
compound used by cells to store and release energy
organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or chem…
process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture light…
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
compound used by cells to store and release energy
Heterotroph
organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
18 terms
Itasca Biology chapter 8
cellular respiration
Photosynthesis
ADP-ATP cycling
aerobic respiration
a series of processes that take place in which biochemical en…
a process in which complex organic molecules are synthesized…
adding a phosphate to ADP to store energy as ATP, then using…
the process of producing cellular energy INVOLVING OXYGEN. Ce…
cellular respiration
a series of processes that take place in which biochemical en…
Photosynthesis
a process in which complex organic molecules are synthesized…
Biology Chapter 8.1
ATP (Adenosine triphosphate)
ADP (Adenosine diphosphate)
ADP versus ATP
The role of ATP in cellular activity
-One of most important compounds that cells use to store and…
a compound that looks like ATP, except that it has two phosph…
ADP has 2 phosphate groups... ATP has 3 phosphate groups... When a…
...
ATP (Adenosine triphosphate)
-One of most important compounds that cells use to store and…
ADP (Adenosine diphosphate)
a compound that looks like ATP, except that it has two phosph…
Chapter 8 Biology vocabulary
chromosome
histone
chromatid
centromere
in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
a type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
one of the two strands of a chromosome that become visible du…
the region of the chromosome that holds the two sister chroma…
chromosome
in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
histone
a type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
35 terms
Chapter 8 Biology Test
anaphase
organs
organ systems
organisms
The phase of mitosis when sister chromatids separate from eac…
Tissues that work together to perform the same function are o…
Organs that work together to perform the same function are or…
Organ systems that work together to perform the same function…
anaphase
The phase of mitosis when sister chromatids separate from eac…
organs
Tissues that work together to perform the same function are o…
43 terms
Biology - Chapter 8 by Haak
Capture sun energy
The pigments in the plant absorb every…
More energy
Less energy
What do pigments do?
Why is a green plant green?
What does a shorter wave-length mean?
What does a longer wavelength mean?
Capture sun energy
What do pigments do?
The pigments in the plant absorb every…
Why is a green plant green?
43 terms
Chapter 8: Metabolism (AP BIOLOGY)
METABOLISM
CATABOLIC PATHWAY
ANABOLIC PATHWAY
ENERGY
THE TOTALITY OF AN ORGANISM'S CHEMICAL REACTIONS. AS A WHOLE…
LEADS TO THE RELEASE OF ENERGY BY THE BREAKDOWN OF COMPLEX MO…
CONSUME ENERGY TO BUILD COMPLICATED MOLECULES FROM SIMPLER ONES
DEFINED AS THE CAPACITY TO DO WORK
METABOLISM
THE TOTALITY OF AN ORGANISM'S CHEMICAL REACTIONS. AS A WHOLE…
CATABOLIC PATHWAY
LEADS TO THE RELEASE OF ENERGY BY THE BREAKDOWN OF COMPLEX MO…
33 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 8
Chromosomes
Histones
chromatid
Centromere
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins; condensed.
Maintain the shape of chromosomes and aid in the tight packin…
Each half of the chromosomes.
The point where two Chromatids are attached.
Chromosomes
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins; condensed.
Histones
Maintain the shape of chromosomes and aid in the tight packin…
biology chapter 8
1.bacteriophage
2.nucleotide
3.double helix
4.base pairing rules
virus that infects bacteria
monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
model that compares the structure of a DNA molecule in which…
rule that describes how nucleotides form bonds in DNA
1.bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria
2.nucleotide
monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
31 terms
Biology in Focus (AP) Chapter 8
photosynthesis
autotrophs
heterotrophs
mesophyll
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
organisms that self-sustain themselves
organisms that are unable to produce their own food
The ground tissue of a leaf, sandwiched between the upper and…
photosynthesis
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
autotrophs
organisms that self-sustain themselves
18 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8 Terms
Aerobic
Anabolism
Anaerobic
Catabolism
Requires oxygen
Metabolic process by which larger molecules are synthesized f…
Growing or metabolizing in the absence of oxygen
Metabolic process that breaks down large molecules into small…
Aerobic
Requires oxygen
Anabolism
Metabolic process by which larger molecules are synthesized f…
18 terms
Chapter 8 Vocabulary Biology
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)-ADP
Heterotrophs
Autotrophs
Photosynthesis
one of the most important compounds that cells use to store a…
organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things
organisms that make their own food
plants convert the energy of sunlight into chemical energy st…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)-ADP
one of the most important compounds that cells use to store a…
Heterotrophs
organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things
Biology Chapter 8
chlorophyll
stroma
thylakoid
light reactions
pigment that gives a chloroplast its green color; uses light…
thick fluid contained in the inner membrane of a chloroplast
disk-shaped sac in the stroma of a chloroplast; site of the l…
chemical reactions that convert the sun's energy to chemical…
chlorophyll
pigment that gives a chloroplast its green color; uses light…
stroma
thick fluid contained in the inner membrane of a chloroplast
27 terms
Biology: Chapter 8 - From DNA to Proteins
bacteriophage
nucleotide
double helix
base pairing rules
virus that infects bacteria.
monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
model that compares the structure of a DNA molecule, in which…
rule that describes how nucleotides form bonds in DNA; adenin…
bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria.
nucleotide
monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
39 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 8 Marine Fishes
Chordata
Vertebrate
Ichthyology
Agnatha
phylum that includes animals possessing a notochord, a hollow…
animals with backbone
study of fishes
class that includes jawless fish (hagfish and lampreys)
Chordata
phylum that includes animals possessing a notochord, a hollow…
Vertebrate
animals with backbone
Modern Biology Chapter 8
Chromosomes
Histones
chromatid
Centromere
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins; condensed.
Maintain the shape of chromosomes and aid in the tight packin…
Each half of the chromosomes.
The point where two Chromatids are attached.
Chromosomes
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins; condensed.
Histones
Maintain the shape of chromosomes and aid in the tight packin…
26 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
1.Bacteriophage
2.Nucleotide
3.Double helix
4.Base pairing rules
virus that infects bacteria.
monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
model that compares the structure if DNA molecule, in which t…
rule that describes how nucleotides form bonds in DNA; adenin…
1.Bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria.
2.Nucleotide
monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
Chapter 8 biology
Bacteriophage
nucleotide
double helix
base pairing rules
a virus that affects bacteria
an organic compound that consists of a sugar, a phosphate, an…
model that compares the structure of a DNA molecule, in which…
the rules stating that in DNA cytosine pairs with guanine and…
Bacteriophage
a virus that affects bacteria
nucleotide
an organic compound that consists of a sugar, a phosphate, an…
13 terms
Biology Chapter 8
autotroph
heterotroph
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
heterotroph
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
31 terms
Prentice Hall Biology: Chapter 8
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Adenosine triphosphate
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
Autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Heterotroph
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 8
neurologist
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
brain
a physician who specializes in disorders of the nervous system
division of the nervous system that includes the brain and th…
nervous system that includes the cranial and spinal nerves
principal organ of the nervous system; protected by the crani…
neurologist
a physician who specializes in disorders of the nervous system
central nervous system
division of the nervous system that includes the brain and th…
22 terms
Biology Chapter 8 - Photosynthesis
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
heterotroph
autotroph
photosynthesis
energy molecule consisting of adenine (base), ribose (5-carbo…
organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things (…
organisms that make their own food
process by which autotrophs use energy from sunlight to produ…
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
energy molecule consisting of adenine (base), ribose (5-carbo…
heterotroph
organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things (…
32 terms
Biology - Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Anaphase
Asexual reproduction
Autosome
Binary fission
The phase in which the chromatids separate and move towards t…
The production of offspring from one parent
Chromosomes not involved in determining sex
In prokaryotic cells, the division of one cell into two
Anaphase
The phase in which the chromatids separate and move towards t…
Asexual reproduction
The production of offspring from one parent
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