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56 terms
Biology Chapter 8: Photosynthesis
(8.1) Energy comes in many forms inclu…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
The 3 phosphate groups in ATP are...
Adenosine Diphosphate (ADP)
light, heat, and electricity. can be stored in chemical compo…
compound that consists of adenine, a 5-carbon sugar called ri…
the key to the ATP's ability to store and release energy
like ATP, but with only 2 phosphate groups. Becomes ATP when…
(8.1) Energy comes in many forms inclu…
light, heat, and electricity. can be stored in chemical compo…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
compound that consists of adenine, a 5-carbon sugar called ri…
14 terms
Chapter 8 Biology Vocab
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Heterotroph
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
compound used by cells to store and release energy
organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or chem…
process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture light…
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
compound used by cells to store and release energy
Heterotroph
organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
18 terms
Chapter 8 Vocabulary Biology
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)-ADP
Heterotrophs
Autotrophs
Photosynthesis
one of the most important compounds that cells use to store a…
organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things
organisms that make their own food
plants convert the energy of sunlight into chemical energy st…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)-ADP
one of the most important compounds that cells use to store a…
Heterotrophs
organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things
18 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8 Terms
Aerobic
Anabolism
Anaerobic
Catabolism
Requires oxygen
Metabolic process by which larger molecules are synthesized f…
Growing or metabolizing in the absence of oxygen
Metabolic process that breaks down large molecules into small…
Aerobic
Requires oxygen
Anabolism
Metabolic process by which larger molecules are synthesized f…
20 terms
Pearson Biology Chapter 8 and 9
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Facilitated diffusion (Active Transport)
heterotroph
autotroph
compound used by cells to store and release energy
Process of diffusion in which molecules pass across the membr…
organism that absorbs food by consuming other animals, also c…
organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or chem…
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
compound used by cells to store and release energy
Facilitated diffusion (Active Transport)
Process of diffusion in which molecules pass across the membr…
43 terms
Chapter 8: Metabolism (AP BIOLOGY)
METABOLISM
CATABOLIC PATHWAY
ANABOLIC PATHWAY
ENERGY
THE TOTALITY OF AN ORGANISM'S CHEMICAL REACTIONS. AS A WHOLE…
LEADS TO THE RELEASE OF ENERGY BY THE BREAKDOWN OF COMPLEX MO…
CONSUME ENERGY TO BUILD COMPLICATED MOLECULES FROM SIMPLER ONES
DEFINED AS THE CAPACITY TO DO WORK
METABOLISM
THE TOTALITY OF AN ORGANISM'S CHEMICAL REACTIONS. AS A WHOLE…
CATABOLIC PATHWAY
LEADS TO THE RELEASE OF ENERGY BY THE BREAKDOWN OF COMPLEX MO…
26 terms
Biology Chapter 8
chlorophyll
stroma
thylakoid
light reactions
pigment that gives a chloroplast its green color; uses light…
thick fluid contained in the inner membrane of a chloroplast
disk-shaped sac in the stroma of a chloroplast; site of the l…
chemical reactions that convert the sun's energy to chemical…
chlorophyll
pigment that gives a chloroplast its green color; uses light…
stroma
thick fluid contained in the inner membrane of a chloroplast
26 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
1.Bacteriophage
2.Nucleotide
3.Double helix
4.Base pairing rules
virus that infects bacteria.
monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
model that compares the structure if DNA molecule, in which t…
rule that describes how nucleotides form bonds in DNA; adenin…
1.Bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria.
2.Nucleotide
monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
19 terms
Chapter 8 biology
Bacteriophage
nucleotide
double helix
base pairing rules
a virus that affects bacteria
an organic compound that consists of a sugar, a phosphate, an…
model that compares the structure of a DNA molecule, in which…
the rules stating that in DNA cytosine pairs with guanine and…
Bacteriophage
a virus that affects bacteria
nucleotide
an organic compound that consists of a sugar, a phosphate, an…
13 terms
Biology Chapter 8
autotroph
heterotroph
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
heterotroph
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
20 terms
Abeka Biology Chapter 8.1
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Brain
Spinal chord
The human nervous system that contains the brain and spinal c…
The human nervous system that consists of nerves that branch…
the principle organ of the nervous system
a thick bundle of nerve fibers located within the spinal cavity
Central Nervous System
The human nervous system that contains the brain and spinal c…
Peripheral Nervous System
The human nervous system that consists of nerves that branch…
20 terms
chapter 8 and 9 biology
Hererotrophs
Autotrophs
Photosythesis
pigments
organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things
organisms that make there own food
using light to put things together
plants gathering the suns energy with light-absorbing molecules
Hererotrophs
organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things
Autotrophs
organisms that make there own food
15 terms
Biology Chapter 8
neurologist
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
brain
a physician who specializes in disorders of the nervous system
division of the nervous system that includes the brain and th…
nervous system that includes the cranial and spinal nerves
principal organ of the nervous system; protected by the crani…
neurologist
a physician who specializes in disorders of the nervous system
central nervous system
division of the nervous system that includes the brain and th…
33 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 8
Chromosomes
Histones
chromatid
Centromere
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins; condensed.
Maintain the shape of chromosomes and aid in the tight packin…
Each half of the chromosomes.
The point where two Chromatids are attached.
Chromosomes
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins; condensed.
Histones
Maintain the shape of chromosomes and aid in the tight packin…
22 terms
Biology Chapter 8 - Photosynthesis
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
heterotroph
autotroph
photosynthesis
energy molecule consisting of adenine (base), ribose (5-carbo…
organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things (…
organisms that make their own food
process by which autotrophs use energy from sunlight to produ…
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
energy molecule consisting of adenine (base), ribose (5-carbo…
heterotroph
organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things (…
AP Biology - Chapter 8
metabolism
metabole
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
change
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
a metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
metabole
change
35 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8 Vocab
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions; emergent pr…
begins with a specific molecule, which is then altered in a s…
pathways that release energy by breaking down complex molecul…
pathways that consume energy to build complicated molecules f…
metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions; emergent pr…
metabolic pathway
begins with a specific molecule, which is then altered in a s…
40 terms
Campbell Biology 10th ed. Chapter 8
energy
metabolism
catabolic
anabolic
The ability to do work or cause change
total chemical activity of an organism
metabolic pathways that release energy by breaking down compl…
consumes energy to build complicated molecules from simpler o…
energy
The ability to do work or cause change
metabolism
total chemical activity of an organism
25 terms
Chapter 8 Biology Vocab
anaphase
autosome
cancer
centromere
The fourth stage of mitosis, beginning when sister chromatids…
A chromosome not directly involved in determining the sex of…
A disease characterized by the presence of malignant tumors (…
The region of a duplicated chromosome where 2 sister chromati…
anaphase
The fourth stage of mitosis, beginning when sister chromatids…
autosome
A chromosome not directly involved in determining the sex of…
56 terms
Biology Chapter 8: Photosynthesis
(8.1) Energy comes in many forms inclu…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
The 3 phosphate groups in ATP are...
Adenosine Diphosphate (ADP)
light, heat, and electricity. can be stored in chemical compo…
compound that consists of adenine, a 5-carbon sugar called ri…
the key to the ATP's ability to store and release energy
like ATP, but with only 2 phosphate groups. Becomes ATP when…
(8.1) Energy comes in many forms inclu…
light, heat, and electricity. can be stored in chemical compo…
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
compound that consists of adenine, a 5-carbon sugar called ri…
51 terms
AGS Biology Chapter 8
peristalsis
chyme
gallbladder
bile
the movement of digestive organs that pushes food through the…
partly digested liquid food in the digestive tract
the digestive organ that stores bile
a substance made in the liver that breaks down fats
peristalsis
the movement of digestive organs that pushes food through the…
chyme
partly digested liquid food in the digestive tract
11 terms
Gen Biology: Chapter 8 Vocab
autotroph
heterotroph
adenosine triphosphate
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
The molecule that stores energy that can be used by the cell
The biochemical process by which green plants and some bacter…
autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
heterotroph
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
17 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Vocab
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Adenosine Diphosphate (ADP)
Organisms that make their own food.
Organisms that obtain energy from the food they consume.
Chemical compounds that cells use to store and release energy…
Like ATP but with one less phosphate.
Autotrophs
Organisms that make their own food.
Heterotrophs
Organisms that obtain energy from the food they consume.
22 terms
Biology Chapter 8 - Photosynthesis
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
heterotroph
autotroph
photosynthesis
energy molecule consisting of adenine (base), ribose (5-carbo…
organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things (…
organisms that make their own food
process by which autotrophs use energy from sunlight to produ…
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
energy molecule consisting of adenine (base), ribose (5-carbo…
heterotroph
organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things (…
Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary (Photosynthesis)
autotrophs
heterotrophs
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
photosynthesis
an organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemical…
an organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; a…
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
a process by which plants and some other organisms use light…
autotrophs
an organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemical…
heterotrophs
an organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; a…
70 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
∆G
∆H
∆S
∆G=∆H-T∆S
the change in free energy
change in total energy
change in entropy
the change in free energy during a process is related to the…
∆G
the change in free energy
∆H
change in total energy
31 terms
Prentice Hall Biology: Chapter 8
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Adenosine triphosphate
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
Autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Heterotroph
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
46 terms
Biology Chapter 8
Reception
Transaction
Activation
Response
signal molecule binds with receptor protein in the lipid bila…
changed receptor protein changes another protein inside the c…
chain of protein changes caused by transaction
change in some activity of the cell ... (possible: 1. turn gene…
Reception
signal molecule binds with receptor protein in the lipid bila…
Transaction
changed receptor protein changes another protein inside the c…
53 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 8 Marine Fishes
Chordata
Vertebrata
Ichthyology
Agnatha
phylum that includes animals possessing a notochord, a hollow…
subphylum that includes animals in which the notochord has be…
study of fishes
class that includes jawless fish (hagfish and lampreys)
Chordata
phylum that includes animals possessing a notochord, a hollow…
Vertebrata
subphylum that includes animals in which the notochord has be…
35 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
the set of metabolic pathways that break down molecules into…
usually requires energy, build new molecules and/or store ene…
metabolism
a set of life'sustaining chemical transformations that allow…
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions where metabolite is modified b…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 8
autotroph
heterotroph
ATP
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that obtains energy from the food it consumes
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
heterotroph
organism that obtains energy from the food it consumes
32 terms
Chapter 8 AP Biology Terms
The Living Cell
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathway
Catabolic Pathways
-Miniature chemical factory... -cell extracts energy and applies…
-the totality of an organism's chemical reactions... -its an eme…
-his starts with a specific molecule and ends with a product…
-release energy by breaking down complex molecules into simpl…
The Living Cell
-Miniature chemical factory... -cell extracts energy and applies…
Metabolism
-the totality of an organism's chemical reactions... -its an eme…
68 terms
Biology chapter 8
cell division
What is cell division used for?
living organisms produce by 2 methods:
asexual reproduction
-reproduced at cellular level... -requires duplication of chromo…
-reproduction of single-celled organisms... -growth of multi-cel…
1. asexual reproduction... 2. sexual reproduction
-produces offspring that are identical t original cell... -inher…
cell division
-reproduced at cellular level... -requires duplication of chromo…
What is cell division used for?
-reproduction of single-celled organisms... -growth of multi-cel…
15 terms
Chapter 8 biology Vocabulary
Autotroph
heterotroph
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Photosynthesis
Organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or chem…
organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
compound used by cells to store and release energy
process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture light…
Autotroph
Organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or chem…
heterotroph
organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
71 terms
Biology Chapter 8 (Immune)
8.1 Immune System Structure
Innate immunity
Adaptive immunity
Bone marrow
...
Defenses that are always active - but are NONSPECIFIC
Act more slowly, but are specific and have *immunological mem…
Produces all leukocytes (white blood cell) through hematopoie…
8.1 Immune System Structure
...
Innate immunity
Defenses that are always active - but are NONSPECIFIC
19 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 8
Adenosine Triphosphate
Cellular Respiration
Energy
Metabolism
Energy-carrying biological molecule, which, when broken down,…
Catabolic pathway in which organic molecules are broken down…
Ability to do work; energy cannot be created or destroyed, on…
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
Adenosine Triphosphate
Energy-carrying biological molecule, which, when broken down,…
Cellular Respiration
Catabolic pathway in which organic molecules are broken down…
28 terms
Biology Chapter 8
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Heterotroph
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
compound used by cells to store and release energy
An organism that cannot make its own food.
An organism that makes its own food
Process in which plants make food
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
compound used by cells to store and release energy
Heterotroph
An organism that cannot make its own food.
56 terms
Biology 1020 Chapter 8
Potential Energy
Kinetic Energy
First Law of Thermodynamics, closed, o…
Second Law of Thermodynamics
The capacity to do work (such as chemical bonds)
Energy of motion, actively performing work.
The total amount of energy in a closed system remains constan…
In every energy conversion, some energy is converted to heat…
Potential Energy
The capacity to do work (such as chemical bonds)
Kinetic Energy
Energy of motion, actively performing work.
83 terms
Biology 206: Chapter 8
Catabolism
Anabolism
Enzymes
Do enzymes create a chemical reaction?
breakdown of larger molecules which releases energy
building larger molecules from smaller ones, which requires t…
the driving force of metabolic activity, they are used to spe…
No, they just speed them up.
Catabolism
breakdown of larger molecules which releases energy
Anabolism
building larger molecules from smaller ones, which requires t…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 8 (Anderson)
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Heterotroph
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
Compound used by cells to store and release energy.
Organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
Organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or chem…
Process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture light…
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Compound used by cells to store and release energy.
Heterotroph
Organism that obtains food by consuming other living things;…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 8 Pictures
Passive Transport
Active Transport
Phospholipid
Lipid Bilayer
Passive Transport
Active Transport
38 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 8
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway (breakdown pathway)
anabolic pathway (biosynthetic pathways)
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions
a series of chemical reactions that begins with a specific mo…
metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down compl…
metabolic pathway that consumes energy to build complex molec…
metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions
metabolic pathway
a series of chemical reactions that begins with a specific mo…
33 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 8
Chromosomes
Histones
chromatid
Centromere
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins; condensed.
Maintain the shape of chromosomes and aid in the tight packin…
Each half of the chromosomes.
The point where two Chromatids are attached.
Chromosomes
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins; condensed.
Histones
Maintain the shape of chromosomes and aid in the tight packin…
33 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 8
chromosome
histone
chromatid
centromere
in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
a type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
one of the two strands of a chromosome that become visible du…
the region of the chromosome that holds the two sister chroma…
chromosome
in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
histone
a type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
46 terms
Biology Chapter 8
photosynthesis
autotrophs
heterotrophs
chloroplasts
-the process that feeds the biosphere... -converts solar energy…
-organisms which sustain themselves without eating anything d…
-get organic material from other organisms... -consumers of the…
-the site of photosynthesis in plants, located mostly in leav…
photosynthesis
-the process that feeds the biosphere... -converts solar energy…
autotrophs
-organisms which sustain themselves without eating anything d…
16 terms
Biology Chapter 8: Photosynthesis
work that a cell has to do
ATP
ADP
NADP+
1. grow and develope... 2. move materials around... 3. build new mo…
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
(Adenosine Diphosphate) The compound that remains when a phos…
carrier molecule that transfers high-energy electrons from ch…
work that a cell has to do
1. grow and develope... 2. move materials around... 3. build new mo…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
62 terms
H Biology Chapter 8
cell size
surface area
volume
1mm given
limited by the relationship of surface area and volume
-location where all exchange with the environment occurs... -in…
the amount of space the cell occupies implies the magnitude o…
-surface area = 6mm squared... -volume = 1mm cubed... -ratio = 6:1
cell size
limited by the relationship of surface area and volume
surface area
-location where all exchange with the environment occurs... -in…
33 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 8
Chromosomes
Histones
chromatid
Centromere
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins; condensed.
Maintain the shape of chromosomes and aid in the tight packin…
Each half of the chromosomes.
The point where two Chromatids are attached.
Chromosomes
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins; condensed.
Histones
Maintain the shape of chromosomes and aid in the tight packin…
43 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 8
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
bioenergetic
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
The study of energy flow or energy transformations into and w…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
catabolic pathway
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
29 terms
Biology Miller Levine Chapter 8 and 9
ATP
Heterotrophs
Autotrophs
Photosynthesis
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
organisms that cannot make their own food
organisms that make their own food
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
Heterotrophs
organisms that cannot make their own food
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