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Study sets matching "biology chapter 9 cellular respiration"

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Study sets matching "biology chapter 9 cellular respiration"

13 terms
Biology: Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
equation for cellular respiration
NAD+ (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide)
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
oxygen + glucose ---> carbon dioxide + water + energy
Electron carrier involved in glycolysis.
calorie
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
glycolysis
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
31 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 9 (cellular respiration)
fermentation
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
oxidation
anaerobic process that produces little ATP, includes glycolys…
catabolic pathway which requires oxygen and occurs in cytopla…
catabolic pathway which does not require oxygen and occurs on…
loss of electrons from atoms of a substance
fermentation
anaerobic process that produces little ATP, includes glycolys…
aerobic respiration
catabolic pathway which requires oxygen and occurs in cytopla…
Biology Chapter 9 (Cellular Respiration)
Calorie
Glycolysis
Cellular Respiration
NAD+
Amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
Electron carrier involved in glycolysis
Calorie
Amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
Glycolysis
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
17 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
cellular respiration
C₆H₁₂O⁶ + 6 O₂ → 6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + 36 ATP
glycolysis
pyruvic acid
enzymatic breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen to p…
respiration uses glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide…
first set of reactions in cellular respiration in which a mol…
3-carbon molecule of which two are converted from glucose at…
cellular respiration
enzymatic breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen to p…
C₆H₁₂O⁶ + 6 O₂ → 6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + 36 ATP
respiration uses glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide…
18 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
cellular respiration
C₆H₁₂O⁶ + 6 O₂ → 6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + 36 ATP
glycolysis
pyruvic acid
enzymatic breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen to p…
respiration uses glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide…
first set of reactions in cellular respiration in which a mol…
3-carbon molecule of which two are converted from glucose at…
cellular respiration
enzymatic breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen to p…
C₆H₁₂O⁶ + 6 O₂ → 6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + 36 ATP
respiration uses glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide…
31 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 9 (cellular respiration)
fermentation
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
oxidation
anaerobic process that produces little ATP, includes glycolys…
catabolic pathway which requires oxygen and occurs in cytopla…
catabolic pathway which does not require oxygen and occurs on…
loss of electrons from atoms of a substance
fermentation
anaerobic process that produces little ATP, includes glycolys…
aerobic respiration
catabolic pathway which requires oxygen and occurs in cytopla…
18 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
cellular respiration
C₆H₁₂O⁶ + 6 O₂ → 6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + 36 ATP
glycolysis
pyruvic acid
enzymatic breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen to p…
respiration uses glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide…
first set of reactions in cellular respiration in which a mol…
3-carbon molecule of which two are converted from glucose at…
cellular respiration
enzymatic breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen to p…
C₆H₁₂O⁶ + 6 O₂ → 6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + 36 ATP
respiration uses glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide…
19 terms
Biology: Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
equation for cellular respiration
NAD+ (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide)
amount of energy to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water…
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, a molecule of…
oxygen + glucose ---> carbon dioxide + water + energy
A coenzyme, oxidizing agent and an electron acceptor.
calorie
amount of energy to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water…
glycolysis
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, a molecule of…
29 terms
Campbell BIOLOGY - Chapter 9 (cellular respiration)
fermentation
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
oxidation
anaerobic process that produces little ATP, includes glycolys…
catabolic pathway which requires oxygen and occurs in cytopla…
catabolic pathway which does not require oxygen and occurs on…
loss of electrons from atoms of a substance
fermentation
anaerobic process that produces little ATP, includes glycolys…
aerobic respiration
catabolic pathway which requires oxygen and occurs in cytopla…
27 terms
Biology: Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration
Mitochondrion
Aerobic
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic
Similar to the chloroplast. Has two main parts, the matrix an…
Process that requires oxygen. Produces most of the ATP.
Occurs in the Krebs cycle and in the electron transport chain…
Process that does not require oxygen.
Mitochondrion
Similar to the chloroplast. Has two main parts, the matrix an…
Aerobic
Process that requires oxygen. Produces most of the ATP.
AP Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
fermentation
cellular respiration
redox reactions
oxidation
partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the help of…
oxygen is consumed. happens in mitochondria in eukaryotes. C₆…
reactions where there is a transfer of one or more electrons…
the loss of one or more electrons
fermentation
partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the help of…
cellular respiration
oxygen is consumed. happens in mitochondria in eukaryotes. C₆…
9 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 9-Cellular Respiration
anaerobic respiration
calorie
cellular respiration
fermentation
respiratory process that does not require oxygen
term used by scientists to measure the energy stored in foods
process that releases energy by breaking down food molecules…
process by which cells release energy in the absence of oxygen
anaerobic respiration
respiratory process that does not require oxygen
calorie
term used by scientists to measure the energy stored in foods
45 terms
Biology Chapter 9- Cellular Respiration
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
fermentation
What is the lifeline of energy?
a generally efficient process that requires O2; most, but not…
processes similar to aerobic respiration but that do not use…
generally inefficient processes used mainly when other pathwa…
Energy flows into an ecosystem as sunlight and leaves as heat
aerobic respiration
a generally efficient process that requires O2; most, but not…
anaerobic respiration
processes similar to aerobic respiration but that do not use…
42 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 9 - Cellular Respiration
the amount of energy needed to raise t…
process in which one molecule of gluco…
1000 calories, used on food
process that releases energy by breaki…
calorie
gycolysis
Calorie
cellular respiration
the amount of energy needed to raise t…
calorie
process in which one molecule of gluco…
gycolysis
14 terms
Biology - Cellular Respiration - Chapter 9
glycoloysis
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
cellular respiration
The ATP-generating metabolic process of most cells in which c…
a type of respiration in which oxygen is taken in and carbon…
Cellular respiration without oxygen. Fermentation
the process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and…
glycoloysis
The ATP-generating metabolic process of most cells in which c…
aerobic respiration
a type of respiration in which oxygen is taken in and carbon…
32 terms
Biology chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
glucose
glycolysis
cytoplasm
energy (ATP)
What is the high energy molecule contained in food that break…
The release of this energy begins with the process called?
Where in the cell does this process take place?
What does this process need to begin?
glucose
What is the high energy molecule contained in food that break…
glycolysis
The release of this energy begins with the process called?
9 terms
Biology: Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
electron transport chain
NAD+ (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide)
amount of energy to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water…
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
uses high energy electrons from the krebs cycle to convert AD…
electron carrier involved in glycolysis
calorie
amount of energy to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water…
glycolysis
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
9 terms
Biology: Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
cellular respiration
NAD+ (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide)
amount of energy to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water…
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
the process that releases energy by breaking down food molecu…
electron carrier involved in glycolysis
calorie
amount of energy to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water…
glycolysis
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
7 terms
Biology: Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
NAD+ (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide)
anaerobic
amount of energy to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water…
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
electron carrier involved in glycolysis
Process that does not require oxygen
calorie
amount of energy to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water…
glycolysis
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
45 terms
Biology Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration
Catabolic pathways
Fermentation
Aerobic respiration
Anaerobic respiration
-Production of ATP... -metabolic pathways that release stored en…
partial degradation or sugars or other organic fuel that occu…
oxygen is consumed as a reactant along with organic fuel
cell respiration in the absence of oxygen
Catabolic pathways
-Production of ATP... -metabolic pathways that release stored en…
Fermentation
partial degradation or sugars or other organic fuel that occu…
31 terms
CHAPTER 9 - Cellular Respiration
fermentation
aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
oxidation
anaerobic process that produces little ATP, includes glycolys…
catabolic pathway which requires oxygen and occurs in cytopla…
catabolic pathway which does not require oxygen and occurs on…
loss of electrons from atoms of a substance
fermentation
anaerobic process that produces little ATP, includes glycolys…
aerobic respiration
catabolic pathway which requires oxygen and occurs in cytopla…
Biology Chapter 9- Cellular Respiration
What is the chemical formula?
What is Gycolysis?
What is produced by the Kerb's Cycle?
What is the ETC?
C6H12O6+ 6O2----->6H2O+6CO2+energy
The breakdown of a glucose molecule into three carbon pieces…
CO2 and Pyruvate are produced along with NADH
Electron Transport chain
What is the chemical formula?
C6H12O6+ 6O2----->6H2O+6CO2+energy
What is Gycolysis?
The breakdown of a glucose molecule into three carbon pieces…
36 terms
Biology Cellular Respiration Chapter 9
What are the stages of cellular respir…
What are the reactants and products of…
Define aerobic
Define anaerobic
Glycolysis, Krebs Cycle, Electron Transport Chain
C6H12O6 + 6O2 > 6CO2 + 6H20 + energy
With free oxygen
Without free oxygen.
What are the stages of cellular respir…
Glycolysis, Krebs Cycle, Electron Transport Chain
What are the reactants and products of…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 > 6CO2 + 6H20 + energy
19 terms
Biology Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration
From what item do organisms, like huma…
What is a calorie? What is a Calorie?
Give the equation for cellular respira…
What is aerobic respiration? What is a…
Food, Cellular respiration
1 Calorie=1000 calories. A calorie is the amount of energy re…
Pathways of cellular respiration that require oxygen are said…
From what item do organisms, like huma…
Food, Cellular respiration
What is a calorie? What is a Calorie?
1 Calorie=1000 calories. A calorie is the amount of energy re…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
Cellular Resperation
Glucose
Aerobic Respiration
Calorie
Energy relased from the burning of glucose, takes place in th…
Universal food or fuel
Uses oxygen
The amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
Cellular Resperation
Energy relased from the burning of glucose, takes place in th…
Glucose
Universal food or fuel
32 terms
Biology Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration
biochemical pathways
glycolysis
aerobic respiration
aerobe
photosynthesis and respiration are ________________ _________…
The process that begins the chemical pathway to release energ…
starts after glycolysis when oxygen is present; releases lots…
aerobic (requires oxygen)
biochemical pathways
photosynthesis and respiration are ________________ _________…
glycolysis
The process that begins the chemical pathway to release energ…
22 terms
Hoffman Biology Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
cellular respiration
NAD+
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
the process in which one molecule of glucose is broken in hal…
the process that RELEASES ENERGY BY BREAKING DOWN glucose and…
an electron carrier that accepts a pair of high-energy electr…
calorie
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
glycolysis
the process in which one molecule of glucose is broken in hal…
11 terms
Biology Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration
Summarize Cellular Respiration and inc…
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Where does Cellular Respiration take p…
Releases energy from food in the presence in oxygen. C6H12O6+…
In air
Without air
Mitochondria
Summarize Cellular Respiration and inc…
Releases energy from food in the presence in oxygen. C6H12O6+…
Aerobic
In air
Biology- Chapter 9, Cellular Respiration
immediate source of energy for cellula…
How does releasing a phosphate from AT…
aerobic
cellular respiration
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
the phosphate is transferred to another molecule and that mol…
requires O2
aerobic catabolism of of organic nutrients
immediate source of energy for cellula…
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
How does releasing a phosphate from AT…
the phosphate is transferred to another molecule and that mol…
34 terms
Biology: Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
Formula for Cellular Respiration
Redox Reaction
Oxidation
Reduction
Organic materials + 6 Oxygen ---> 6 Carbon dioxide + 6 Water…
The transfer of one or more electrons from one reactant to an…
The loss of electrons
The addition of electrons
Formula for Cellular Respiration
Organic materials + 6 Oxygen ---> 6 Carbon dioxide + 6 Water…
Redox Reaction
The transfer of one or more electrons from one reactant to an…
9 terms
Biology Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
cellular resperation
NAD+
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
the process in which one molecule of glucose is broken in hal…
the process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and…
nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide electron carrier involved i…
calorie
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
glycolysis
the process in which one molecule of glucose is broken in hal…
27 terms
Biology Chapter 9-Cellular Respiration
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
adenosine diphosphate (ADP)
heterotroph
autotroph
an energy molecule consisting of adenine (base), ribose (5-ca…
a molecule consisting of adenine (base), ribose (5-carbon sug…
organisms that obtain food by consuming other living things
organisms that make their own food
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
an energy molecule consisting of adenine (base), ribose (5-ca…
adenosine diphosphate (ADP)
a molecule consisting of adenine (base), ribose (5-carbon sug…
32 terms
Biology Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration
Electron Transfer
What direction will electrons naturall…
Redox Reactions
How does Electronegativity affect elec…
...
...
A chemical reaction involving the complete or partial transfe…
...
Electron Transfer
...
What direction will electrons naturall…
...
8 terms
Chapter 9 Biology : Cellular Respiration
What is glycolysis?
What is pyruvate oxidation?
What is the Citric Cycle (Krebs)?
What is the Electron Transport Chain?
Occurs in cytosol... Uses: glucose, NAD+, ADP+P... Makes: NADH, AT…
Occurs in mitochondrial matrix ... Converts pyruvate into acetyl…
Occurs in mitochondrial matrix ... Uses: acetyl CoA, glucose,…
Transfers electrons from electron donors to electron acceptor…
What is glycolysis?
Occurs in cytosol... Uses: glucose, NAD+, ADP+P... Makes: NADH, AT…
What is pyruvate oxidation?
Occurs in mitochondrial matrix ... Converts pyruvate into acetyl…
10 terms
Biology - Chapter 9 - Cellular Respiration
calorie
cellular respiration
aerobic
anaerobic
The amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
The process that releases energy from food in the presence of…
Pathways of cellular respiration that require oxygen.
Pathways of cellular respiration that do not require oxygen.
calorie
The amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gra…
cellular respiration
The process that releases energy from food in the presence of…
45 terms
Biology Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration
What is the process of aerobic cellula…
What is the balanced chemical equation…
What is the process of anaerobic cellu…
What does cellular respiration do?
glycolysis, Krebs Cycle, and Electron Transport Chain (if O2)
glycolysis, fermentation (if no O2)
releases energy for the cell
What is the process of aerobic cellula…
glycolysis, Krebs Cycle, and Electron Transport Chain (if O2)
What is the balanced chemical equation…
29 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
cellular respiration
C₆H₁₂O⁶ + 6 O₂ → 6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + 36 ATP
glycolysis
pyruvic acid
enzymatic breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen to p…
balanced overall chemical summary in symobls of the process o…
first set of reactions in cellular respiration in which a mol…
3-carbon molecule of which two are converted from glucose at…
cellular respiration
enzymatic breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen to p…
C₆H₁₂O⁶ + 6 O₂ → 6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + 36 ATP
balanced overall chemical summary in symobls of the process o…
16 terms
Biology Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration
ATP
Energy Storing Molecules
Glycolysis
Cellular Respiration
Supplies most of the energy that drives metabolism in living…
ATP, NADH (NAD+), FADH (FADH+), FADH2
Produces: 4 ATP, 2 NADH... Glucose breakdown... Occurs in the cytop…
Occurs in all living things, even ones that undergo photosynt…
ATP
Supplies most of the energy that drives metabolism in living…
Energy Storing Molecules
ATP, NADH (NAD+), FADH (FADH+), FADH2
25 terms
Biology Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration
cellular respiration
oxidation
reduction
oxygen
A process used by living things to obtain energy by breaking…
Occurs when an atom or molecule loses an electron in a redox…
Occurs when an atom or molecule gains an electron in a redox…
In cellular respiration, ___ is the final electron acceptor.
cellular respiration
A process used by living things to obtain energy by breaking…
oxidation
Occurs when an atom or molecule loses an electron in a redox…
17 terms
Chapter 9 Biology - Cellular Respiration
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Cytokinesis
Chromosomes
cycle in which cells grow, divide, and reproduce
the stage during which the cell grows, carries out cellular f…
the method by which a cell's cytoplasm divides, creating a ne…
the structures that contain genetic material that is passed f…
Cell Cycle
cycle in which cells grow, divide, and reproduce
Interphase
the stage during which the cell grows, carries out cellular f…
36 terms
Chapter 9 Biology- Cellular Respiration
Which processes are aerobic?
What is the chemical formula for cellu…
Which processes are anaerobic?
Cellular respiration
Krebs cycle, ETC
C6H12O6+6O2 yields 6CO2+6H2O+energy
Glycolysis, fermentation
The process that releases energy from food in the presence of…
Which processes are aerobic?
Krebs cycle, ETC
What is the chemical formula for cellu…
C6H12O6+6O2 yields 6CO2+6H2O+energy
24 terms
AP Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
fermentation
cellular respiration
redox reactions
oxidation
partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the help of…
oxygen is consumed. happens in mitochondria in eukaryotes. C₆…
reactions where there is a transfer of one or more electrons…
the loss of one or more electrons
fermentation
partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the help of…
cellular respiration
oxygen is consumed. happens in mitochondria in eukaryotes. C₆…
9 terms
Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
cellular respiration
NAD+
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
process that starts cellular respiration
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
electron carrier involved in glycolysis
calorie
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
glycolysis
process that starts cellular respiration
40 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 9 - Cellular Respiration (2004)
calorie
glycolysis
Calorie
Description of cellular respiration (a…
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one g…
process in which one molecule of glucose is broken in half, p…
1000 calories, used in food energy labeling
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
calorie
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one g…
glycolysis
process in which one molecule of glucose is broken in half, p…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
calorie
Calorie (Capital "C")
What is relationship between calorie a…
Aerobic
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
Used on food labels for kilocalorie or 1000 calories.
...
Pathways in cellular respiration that "require air".
calorie
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
Calorie (Capital "C")
Used on food labels for kilocalorie or 1000 calories.
24 terms
AP Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
fermentation
cellular respiration
redox reactions
oxidation
partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the help of…
oxygen is consumed. happens in mitochondria in eukaryotes. C₆…
reactions where there is a transfer of one or more electrons…
the loss of one or more electrons
fermentation
partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the help of…
cellular respiration
oxygen is consumed. happens in mitochondria in eukaryotes. C₆…
32 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
List the 3 Steps of Cellular Respirati…
What are the reactants of cellular res…
What is the starting molecule for glyc…
Muscle cramps and soreness are caused…
1- glycolysis... 2- Krebs Cycle... 3- electron transport
6O2 + C6H12O6
glucose
lactic acid fermentation
List the 3 Steps of Cellular Respirati…
1- glycolysis... 2- Krebs Cycle... 3- electron transport
What are the reactants of cellular res…
6O2 + C6H12O6
24 terms
AP Biology Chapter 9 (Cellular Respiration)
Fermentation
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Redox Reaction
Catabolic Process. Partial Degradation of sugars that occurs…
Most prevalent and efficient catabolic process. Oxygen is use…
Includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes. Generally used…
Transferring at least 1 electron from one reactant to another…
Fermentation
Catabolic Process. Partial Degradation of sugars that occurs…
Aerobic Respiration
Most prevalent and efficient catabolic process. Oxygen is use…
9 terms
Biology Chapter 9: Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
aerobic
anaerobic
calorie
cellular respiration
process that requires oxygen
process that does not require oxygen
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
aerobic
process that requires oxygen
anaerobic
process that does not require oxygen
24 terms
AP Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
Fermentation
Cellular Respiration
Redox Reaction
Oxidation
A catabolic process that is a partial degradation of sugars t…
A catabolic process where oxygen is consumed as a reactant al…
Oxidation-reduction reaction; a transfer of one or more elect…
The loss of electrons from one substance
Fermentation
A catabolic process that is a partial degradation of sugars t…
Cellular Respiration
A catabolic process where oxygen is consumed as a reactant al…
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