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164 terms
Biology Chapter 9
What are the three stages of cellular…
The amount of energy needed to raise t…
How many calories make up 1 Calorie?
Cellular respiration begins with a pat…
1. Glycolysis... 2. the Krebs Cycle... 3. the electron transport ch…
Calorie
1,000
Glycolysis
What are the three stages of cellular…
1. Glycolysis... 2. the Krebs Cycle... 3. the electron transport ch…
The amount of energy needed to raise t…
Calorie
27 terms
Biology - Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Allele
Codominance
Complete dominance
Cross-pollination
2 or more alternate forms of a gene
When both alleles for the trait are fully expressed
When one allele is completely dominant over the other
Pollination between 2 plants
Allele
2 or more alternate forms of a gene
Codominance
When both alleles for the trait are fully expressed
39 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 9
genetics
self-fertilize
cross-fertilization
true-breeding
the scientific study of heredity and hereditary variation
the fusion of sperm and egg produced by the same individual o…
the fusion of sperm and egg derived from two different indivu…
referring to organisms to which sexual reproduction produces…
genetics
the scientific study of heredity and hereditary variation
self-fertilize
the fusion of sperm and egg produced by the same individual o…
41 terms
Biology Chapter 9
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromatin
chromosome
process in which a single cell or set of cells produces offsp…
process in which genetic material from two parents combines a…
combination of DNA and protein molecules, in the form of long…
condensed threads of genetic material formed from chromatin a…
asexual reproduction
process in which a single cell or set of cells produces offsp…
sexual reproduction
process in which genetic material from two parents combines a…
26 terms
Pearson Chapter 9 Biology
Glycolysis
Anaerobic Process
Cellular Respiration requires
Cellular Respiration Formula
Pathway beginning process. Takes place in cytoplasm, literall…
Glycolysis
Oxygen, a food molecule.
6O2+C6H12O6→6CO2+6H2O+36 ATP (energy)
Glycolysis
Pathway beginning process. Takes place in cytoplasm, literall…
Anaerobic Process
Glycolysis
33 terms
Biology - Chapter 9 - Heredity
Gregor Mendel
heredity
allele
chromosome
father of genetics
the study of the passing of traits from parent to offspring
the alternative forms of a trait
DNA that is wrapped around proteins in a compact, rod-shaped…
Gregor Mendel
father of genetics
heredity
the study of the passing of traits from parent to offspring
32 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Review
What is cancer?
What is a taxol?
What does a taxol do? Where does it co…
How does chemotherapy work?
disease of unregulated cell division.
-a highly effective chemotherapy agent.... -interferes with the…
Prevents microtubules from shortening. ... Extracted from the Pa…
interferes with cell division
What is cancer?
disease of unregulated cell division.
What is a taxol?
-a highly effective chemotherapy agent.... -interferes with the…
13 terms
Biology Chapter 9
calorie
glycolysis
cellular respiration
NAD+
amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 gram…
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
process that releases energy by breaking down food molecules…
electron carrier involved in glycolysis
calorie
amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 gram…
glycolysis
first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 9
calorie
kilocalorie/Calorie
cellular respiration
glycosis
amount of energy needed to raise temp of 1ml of water 1 degre…
measure of heat energy that is equal to the amount of heat ne…
releases energy from food in the presence of oxygen
"to break sugar"
calorie
amount of energy needed to raise temp of 1ml of water 1 degre…
kilocalorie/Calorie
measure of heat energy that is equal to the amount of heat ne…
16 terms
AGS Biology Chapter 9
spontaneous generation
trait
diversity
mitosis
the idea that living things can come from nonliving things
a characteristic of an organism
the range of differences among the individuals in a population
the process that results in two cells identical to the parent…
spontaneous generation
the idea that living things can come from nonliving things
trait
a characteristic of an organism
21 terms
Biology: Chapter 9
Process that releases energy from food…
What are the 3 products?
Cells use the energy available in food…
The process that releases energy from…
cellular respiration
1. ATP... 2. Carbon Dioxide... 3. Water
ATP
cellular respiration
Process that releases energy from food…
cellular respiration
What are the 3 products?
1. ATP... 2. Carbon Dioxide... 3. Water
15 terms
Biology Chapter 9
oxidation
carbohydrates
cellulose
proteins
process where living cells produce energy by combining foods…
majority of the body's Calorie intake
very complex chains of glucose that cannot be digested by hum…
complex organic molecules used to build and maintain living c…
oxidation
process where living cells produce energy by combining foods…
carbohydrates
majority of the body's Calorie intake
Biology, Chapter 9.1, Cellular Growth
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokinesis
cell reproduction through a cycle of growing and dividing; on…
stage of cell cycle in which the cell grows, carries out cell…
stage of cell cycle in which the cell's nucleus and nuclear m…
the method used by a cell to divide, creating a new cell
cell cycle
cell reproduction through a cycle of growing and dividing; on…
interphase
stage of cell cycle in which the cell grows, carries out cell…
24 terms
AP Biology Chapter 9
Fermentation
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Cellular Repsiration
-catabolic process that partially degrades sugars w/o oxygen…
-oxygen consumed as reactant along w/ organic fuel... -prokaryo…
-process of using substances other than oxygen as reactants t…
-process for animal to breathe oxygen; aerobic + anaerobic... -C…
Fermentation
-catabolic process that partially degrades sugars w/o oxygen…
Aerobic Respiration
-oxygen consumed as reactant along w/ organic fuel... -prokaryo…
10 terms
Chapter 9 Biology Vocab Words
Genus
classify
species
taxonomy
latin name defining species and family
system based on biochemical, not physical similarities
largest group of organisms that can reproduce
classifying organisms into groups
Genus
latin name defining species and family
classify
system based on biochemical, not physical similarities
20 terms
Biology Chapter 9
producer
consumer
herbivore
omnivore
An organism that can make its own food.
An organism that eats other organisms.
A consumer that eats only plants.
A consumer that eats both plants and animals.
producer
An organism that can make its own food.
consumer
An organism that eats other organisms.
40 terms
Biology- Chapter 9
The summary equation for Aerobic Cell…
Function of Glycolysis
Location of Glycolysis
Is Glycolysis Aerobic or Anaerobic?
To make an ATP
Cytoplasm of all cells
anaerobic
The summary equation for Aerobic Cell…
Function of Glycolysis
To make an ATP
18 terms
Glencoe Biology Chapter 9
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokinesis
cells reproduce by a cycle of growing and dividing
the stage during which the cell grows, carries out cellular f…
the stage of the cell cycle during which the cell's nucleus a…
the method by which a cells cytoplasm divides creating a new…
cell cycle
cells reproduce by a cycle of growing and dividing
interphase
the stage during which the cell grows, carries out cellular f…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary Cellular Reproduction
Anaphase
Apoptosis
Cancer
Carcinogen
Third stage of mitosis in which sister chromatids are pulled…
Programmed cell death.
Uncontrolled growth and division of cells that can be caused…
Cancer-causing substance.
Anaphase
Third stage of mitosis in which sister chromatids are pulled…
Apoptosis
Programmed cell death.
25 terms
Biology Chapter 9
What is a Catabolic pathway
Fermentation
Aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
a breakdown pathway that releases energy by breaking down mol…
A catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
Respiration that requires oxygen
Respiration in the absence of oxygen. This produces lactic ac…
What is a Catabolic pathway
a breakdown pathway that releases energy by breaking down mol…
Fermentation
A catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
51 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 9
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
Sun
Exergonic
Generates oxygen and organic molecules used for cellular resp…
Breaks down fuel from photosynthesis, generating ATP and wast…
Energy ultimately comes from the ___.
Compounds that can participate in ____ reactions can act as f…
Photosynthesis
Generates oxygen and organic molecules used for cellular resp…
Cellular Respiration
Breaks down fuel from photosynthesis, generating ATP and wast…
29 terms
Glencoe Biology Chapter 9
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokinesis
cells reproduce by a cycle of growing and dividing
the stage during which the cell grows, carries out cellular f…
the stage of the cell cycle during which the cell's nucleus a…
the method by which a cells cytoplasm divides creating a new…
cell cycle
cells reproduce by a cycle of growing and dividing
interphase
the stage during which the cell grows, carries out cellular f…
87 terms
IB Biology Chapter 9
cambium (diagram)
phloem (diagram)
xylem (diagram)
cortex (diagram)
light blue ring inside stem in picture
outer ring of semicircles in picture
inner ring of light blue semicircles in picture
area between phloem and epidermis in picture
cambium (diagram)
light blue ring inside stem in picture
phloem (diagram)
outer ring of semicircles in picture
18 terms
Abeka Biology Chapter 9.2
alimentary canal
digestion
enzymes
oral cavity
the long tube of the digestive system extending from the mout…
the changing of food substances with large, complex molecules…
catalysts produced by living cells to speed up specific chemi…
another name for the mouth
alimentary canal
the long tube of the digestive system extending from the mout…
digestion
the changing of food substances with large, complex molecules…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 9
genetics:
Rule 1:
Rule 2:
Rule 3:
field of biology devoted to understanding how characteristics…
Unit factors are passed down in pairs
Law of segregation
Dominance/Recessive
genetics:
field of biology devoted to understanding how characteristics…
Rule 1:
Unit factors are passed down in pairs
18 terms
Glencoe Biology Chapter 9
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
cytokinesis
cells reproduce by a cycle of growing and dividing
the stage during which the cell grows, carries out cellular f…
the stage of the cell cycle during which the cell's nucleus a…
the method by which a cells cytoplasm divides creating a new…
cell cycle
cells reproduce by a cycle of growing and dividing
interphase
the stage during which the cell grows, carries out cellular f…
23 terms
AP Biology Chapter 9
fermentation
aerobic respiration
cellular respiration
redox reactions
catabolic process that is a partial degradation of sugars or…
most effective catabolic pathway; oxygen is consumed as a rea…
aerobic processes where an animal breathes in oxygen
electron transfer from one reactant to the other
fermentation
catabolic process that is a partial degradation of sugars or…
aerobic respiration
most effective catabolic pathway; oxygen is consumed as a rea…
24 terms
AP Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
fermentation
cellular respiration
redox reactions
oxidation
partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the help of…
oxygen is consumed. happens in mitochondria in eukaryotes. C₆…
reactions where there is a transfer of one or more electrons…
the loss of one or more electrons
fermentation
partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the help of…
cellular respiration
oxygen is consumed. happens in mitochondria in eukaryotes. C₆…
AP Biology Chapter 9
Fermentation
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Cellular Repsiration
-catabolic process that partially degrades sugars w/o oxygen…
-oxygen consumed as reactant along w/ organic fuel... -prokaryo…
-process of using substances other than oxygen as reactants t…
-process for animal to breathe oxygen; aerobic + anaerobic... -C…
Fermentation
-catabolic process that partially degrades sugars w/o oxygen…
Aerobic Respiration
-oxygen consumed as reactant along w/ organic fuel... -prokaryo…
5 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Cell Cycle Adams High School
Interphase
Prophase
Anaphase
Metaphase
Interphase is not part of mitosis. This is when the cell is d…
In this stage the chromatin coils into chromosomes, the centr…
In this phase the two chromatids have been pulled apart. Each…
In this stage the chromosomes are pulled by fibers anchored a…
Interphase
Interphase is not part of mitosis. This is when the cell is d…
Prophase
In this stage the chromatin coils into chromosomes, the centr…
51 terms
Campbell Biology | Chapter 9
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
Sun
Exergonic
Generates oxygen and organic molecules used for cellular resp…
Breaks down fuel from photosynthesis, generating ATP and wast…
Energy ultimately comes from the ___.
Compounds that can participate in ____ reactions can act as f…
Photosynthesis
Generates oxygen and organic molecules used for cellular resp…
Cellular Respiration
Breaks down fuel from photosynthesis, generating ATP and wast…
Essential Biology - Chapter 9
What is heredity? [C9.1]
What is Genetics? [C9.1]
Why was the development of purebred pe…
What is a character? [C9.2]
It is the transmission of traits from one generation to the n…
It is the scientific study of heredity. Its fundamental princ…
Purebred varieties allowed Mendel to predict the outcome of s…
It is a heritable feature that varies among individuals.
What is heredity? [C9.1]
It is the transmission of traits from one generation to the n…
What is Genetics? [C9.1]
It is the scientific study of heredity. Its fundamental princ…
37 terms
BJU Biology Chapter 9
taxonomy
artificial classification system
kingdom
phylum
the science of classifying organisms
a classification system based on observable characteristics
one of the six broad groups of organisms to which all species…
a taxonomic division of a kingdom; composed of one or more cl…
taxonomy
the science of classifying organisms
artificial classification system
a classification system based on observable characteristics
51 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 9
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
Sun
Exergonic
Generates oxygen and organic molecules used for cellular resp…
Breaks down fuel from photosynthesis, generating ATP and wast…
Energy ultimately comes from the ___.
Compounds that can participate in ____ reactions can act as f…
Photosynthesis
Generates oxygen and organic molecules used for cellular resp…
Cellular Respiration
Breaks down fuel from photosynthesis, generating ATP and wast…
13 terms
Chapter 9.1 Biology
calorie
The difference between calorie and Cal…
ATP
6CO2+ 6H2O ~Energy~ 6 O2+C6H12O6
Another unit of energy
Calorie (uppercase) is equal to 1000 calories (lower case)
Cells use the energy stored in chemical bonds of foods to pro…
The symbol equation for cellular respiration
calorie
Another unit of energy
The difference between calorie and Cal…
Calorie (uppercase) is equal to 1000 calories (lower case)
28 terms
Biology 1020 Chapter 9
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Fermentation
Aerobic Respiration
A generally efficient process for the production of ATP in ce…
A process for the production of ATP in cells that does not re…
A generally inefficient process for the production of ATP in…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 + 6H2O ---> 6CO2 + 12H2O + energy (stored in 36…
Aerobic Respiration
A generally efficient process for the production of ATP in ce…
Anaerobic Respiration
A process for the production of ATP in cells that does not re…
72 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 9
Angiosperms
Gymnosperms
Angiosperms structural features (2)
Vegetative organs (3)
Flowering Plants
Non-flowering plants
root system & shoot system
Root, Stems, & Leaves
Angiosperms
Flowering Plants
Gymnosperms
Non-flowering plants
21 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 9
Fermentation
Aerobic Respiration
Cellular Respiration
Redox Reaction
A catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
(with oxygen) glucose is completely oxidized to carbon dioxid…
Includes both the aerobic and anaerobic processes.
A chemical reaction involving the transfer of one or more ele…
Fermentation
A catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
Aerobic Respiration
(with oxygen) glucose is completely oxidized to carbon dioxid…
Biology Chapter 9
cellular respiration
high
low
high; low
includes both aerobic and anaerobic respiration but is often…
the C-C and C-H bonds in glucose are (high/low) energy bonds
the C-O and O-H bonds in CO2 and H2O are (high/low) energy bo…
during cellular respiration, the bonds between the reactants…
cellular respiration
includes both aerobic and anaerobic respiration but is often…
high
the C-C and C-H bonds in glucose are (high/low) energy bonds
56 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 9
Food provides
Energy stored in food is expressed in…
A calorie is the amount of energy need…
living things with the chemical building blocks they need to…
calories.
raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 degree Celsius.…
Food provides
living things with the chemical building blocks they need to…
Energy stored in food is expressed in…
calories.
47 terms
Biology Chapter 9
How do cells reproduce?
Daughter cells
What does the DNA in a chromosome have?
What does each nucleotide consist of?
cell division where a parent cell creates 2 daughter cells
has a complete set of hereditary information from the parent…
two long strands of nucleotides wound around each other like…
a phosphate, a sugar(deoxyribose), and one of four bases (ade…
How do cells reproduce?
cell division where a parent cell creates 2 daughter cells
Daughter cells
has a complete set of hereditary information from the parent…
51 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 9
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
Sun
Exergonic
Generates oxygen and organic molecules used for cellular resp…
Breaks down fuel from photosynthesis, generating ATP and wast…
Energy ultimately comes from the ___.
Compounds that can participate in ____ reactions can act as f…
Photosynthesis
Generates oxygen and organic molecules used for cellular resp…
Cellular Respiration
Breaks down fuel from photosynthesis, generating ATP and wast…
20 terms
Grieb BJU Biology Chapter 9
taxonomy
artificial classification system
kingdom
phylum
the science of classifying organisms
a classification system based on observable characteristics
one of the six broad groups of organisms to which all species…
a taxonomic division of a kingdom; composed of one or more cl…
taxonomy
the science of classifying organisms
artificial classification system
a classification system based on observable characteristics
10 terms
Chapter 9 Biology terms
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Calorie
Cellular respiration
Process that does require oxygen
Process that does not require oxygen
Amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 g of wa…
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
Aerobic
Process that does require oxygen
Anaerobic
Process that does not require oxygen
15 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocab
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Process of cellular reproduction, occurring in the three main…
First stage of the cell cycle, during which a cell grows, mat…
Second main stage of the cell cycle, during which the cell's…
Third main stage of the cell cycle, during which the cell's c…
Cell Cycle
Process of cellular reproduction, occurring in the three main…
Interphase
First stage of the cell cycle, during which a cell grows, mat…
Modern Biology: Chapter 9
Genetics
Heredity
P1 generation
F1 generation
The study of heredity.
The passing of genes from parent to offspring.
Parent (generation?)
Offspring (kids) (generation?)
Genetics
The study of heredity.
Heredity
The passing of genes from parent to offspring.
18 terms
Biology 1441 Chapter 9
fermentation
where does fermentation occur?
aerobic respiration
cellular respiration
a catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
in the cytosol
a catabolic pathway for organic molecules, using oxygen as th…
the catabolic pathways of aerobic and anaerobic respiration,…
fermentation
a catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
where does fermentation occur?
in the cytosol
55 terms
AP Biology Chapter 9
botanist
plantain
plantar
embryo
one who specializes in the study of plants (pg. 140)
a low-lying weed with large broad leaves growing from its bas…
resembling the sole of the foot (pg. 140)
the earliest stages of development of any organism (pg. 141)
botanist
one who specializes in the study of plants (pg. 140)
plantain
a low-lying weed with large broad leaves growing from its bas…
9 terms
Biology - Chapter 9
Calorie
Glycolysis
Cellular respiration
NAD+
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one g…
the first step in releasing energy of glucose in which a mole…
the process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and…
electron carrier involved in glycolysis
Calorie
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one g…
Glycolysis
the first step in releasing energy of glucose in which a mole…
25 terms
Biology : Chapter 9 Glossary
active immunity
allergen
allergy
antibody
natural or artificial exposure to an antigen causing an immun…
antigen that causes an allergic response
a vigorous response of the immune system to an antigen, resul…
specific protein produced by lymphocytes in response to a par…
active immunity
natural or artificial exposure to an antigen causing an immun…
allergen
antigen that causes an allergic response
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