Study sets matching "biology chapter 9"

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Study sets matching "biology chapter 9"

DAT Biology (Chapter 9 - Biological Diversity)
An organisms name consists of the ____…
Order of taxa
____ is the study of evolutionary rela…
______ makes up flagella (protein)
genus and species
Kingdom phylum class order family genus species
systematics
flagellin
An organisms name consists of the ____…
genus and species
Order of taxa
Kingdom phylum class order family genus species
Biology Chapter 9
producer
consumer
herbivore
omnivore
An organism that can make its own food.
An organism that eats other organisms.
A consumer that eats only plants.
A consumer that eats both plants and animals.
producer
An organism that can make its own food.
consumer
An organism that eats other organisms.
12 terms
Biology Chapter 9:Genetics WSA
Heredity
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
the scientific study of heredity and the key to understanding…
the union and female gametes (egg or sperm)
a specific characterization of an individual
Heredity
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
Genetics
the scientific study of heredity and the key to understanding…
10 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocab
ADP
ATP
Electron Transport Chain
Aerobic Respiration
Molecule formed from the breaking off of a phosphate group fo…
Energy storing molecule in cells composed of an adenosine mol…
Series of proteins embedded in a membrane along which energiz…
Chemical reactions that require the presence of oxygen
ADP
Molecule formed from the breaking off of a phosphate group fo…
ATP
Energy storing molecule in cells composed of an adenosine mol…
30 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
genetics
heredity
trait
pollination
the field of biology devoted to understanding how characteris…
the transmission of characteristics from parents to offspring
a genetically determined variant of a characteristic
when pollen grains produced in the male reproductive parts of…
genetics
the field of biology devoted to understanding how characteris…
heredity
the transmission of characteristics from parents to offspring
Biology Chapter 9- Cell Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
cytoplasm
cellular respiration
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
The location of glycolysis inside the cell.
The process that releases energy by breaking down food molecu…
calorie
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
glycolysis
The first step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a…
51 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 9
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
Sun
Exergonic
Generates oxygen and organic molecules used for cellular resp…
Breaks down fuel from photosynthesis, generating ATP and wast…
Energy ultimately comes from the ___.
Compounds that can participate in ____ reactions can act as f…
Photosynthesis
Generates oxygen and organic molecules used for cellular resp…
Cellular Respiration
Breaks down fuel from photosynthesis, generating ATP and wast…
Biology Chapter 9
Calorie
Glycolysis
Cellular Respiration
NAD+
Amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
Electron carrier involved in glycolysis
Calorie
Amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of…
Glycolysis
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
Biology: Exploring Life Chapter 9
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromatin
chromosome
process in which a single cell or set of cells produces offsp…
process in which genetic material from two parents combines a…
combination of DNA and protein molecules, in the form of long…
condensed threads of genetic material formed from chromatin a…
asexual reproduction
process in which a single cell or set of cells produces offsp…
sexual reproduction
process in which genetic material from two parents combines a…
31 terms
Biology Chapter 9
allele
cross pollination
F1 generation
genetics
One of the alternative forms of a gene that governs a charact…
A reproductive process in which pollen from one plant is tran…
The first generation of offspring obtained from an experiment…
The science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
allele
One of the alternative forms of a gene that governs a charact…
cross pollination
A reproductive process in which pollen from one plant is tran…
40 terms
Biology- Chapter 9
The summary equation for Aerobic Cell…
Function of Glycolysis
Location of Glycolysis
Is Glycolysis Aerobic or Anaerobic?
To make an ATP
Cytoplasm of all cells
anaerobic
The summary equation for Aerobic Cell…
Function of Glycolysis
To make an ATP
Biology Chapter 9
glycolysis, Krebs cycle, electron tran…
cellular respiration
cellular respiration
lactic acid or alcoholic fermentation
What are the three stages of cellular respiration
_______is the process of breaking down glucose in O2 to relea…
this is an example of
what are the two types of fermentations
glycolysis, Krebs cycle, electron tran…
What are the three stages of cellular respiration
cellular respiration
_______is the process of breaking down glucose in O2 to relea…
AP Biology Chapter 9
Fermentation
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Cellular Repsiration
-catabolic process that partially degrades sugars w/o oxygen…
-oxygen consumed as reactant along w/ organic fuel... -prokaryo…
-process of using substances other than oxygen as reactants t…
-process for animal to breathe oxygen; aerobic + anaerobic... -C…
Fermentation
-catabolic process that partially degrades sugars w/o oxygen…
Aerobic Respiration
-oxygen consumed as reactant along w/ organic fuel... -prokaryo…
46 terms
Biology - Mitosis - Chapter 9
interphase
mitosis
metaphase
prophase
the time between the formation of a cell through mitosis and…
the division of eukaryotic body cells involves a process of n…
chromosomes line up at the equator
the first stage of mitosis
interphase
the time between the formation of a cell through mitosis and…
mitosis
the division of eukaryotic body cells involves a process of n…
33 terms
Biology - Chapter 9 - Heredity
Gregor Mendel
heredity
allele
chromosome
father of genetics
the study of the passing of traits from parent to offspring
the alternative forms of a trait
DNA that is wrapped around proteins in a compact, rod-shaped…
Gregor Mendel
father of genetics
heredity
the study of the passing of traits from parent to offspring
15 terms
Biology Chapter 9
genetics:
Rule 1:
Rule 2:
Rule 3:
field of biology devoted to understanding how characteristics…
Unit factors are passed down in pairs
Law of segregation
Dominance/Recessive
genetics:
field of biology devoted to understanding how characteristics…
Rule 1:
Unit factors are passed down in pairs
Biology, Chapter 9.3, Cell Cycle Regulation
cyclin
cyclin-dependent kinase (CDKs)
cancer
carcinogen
proteins that bind to enzymes in the stages of interphase and…
enzymes that bind to cyclin in the stages of interphase and m…
uncontrolled growth and division of cells; can kill an organi…
substances and agents that are known to cause cancer
cyclin
proteins that bind to enzymes in the stages of interphase and…
cyclin-dependent kinase (CDKs)
enzymes that bind to cyclin in the stages of interphase and m…
Biology 201- Chapter 9
What are the 3 type of muscles?
Skeletal muscle tissue
Cardiac muscle tissue
Smooth muscle tissue
Smooth, Cardiac, and Skeletal
-Attaches to and covers the bony skeleton... -Striated ... -Volunta…
-Occurs only in the heart ... -Striated ... -Involuntary, contracts…
-In the walls of hollow visceral organs, e.g., stomach, urina…
What are the 3 type of muscles?
Smooth, Cardiac, and Skeletal
Skeletal muscle tissue
-Attaches to and covers the bony skeleton... -Striated ... -Volunta…
19 terms
AP Biology Chapter 9
Fermentation
Aerobic respiration
Cellular respiration
Redox reaction
A catabolic process that makes limited amount of of ATP from…
A catabolic pathway for organic molecules, using oxygen as th…
The catabolic pathways of aerobic and anaerobic respiration,…
A chemical reaction involving the complete or partial transfe…
Fermentation
A catabolic process that makes limited amount of of ATP from…
Aerobic respiration
A catabolic pathway for organic molecules, using oxygen as th…
Biology, Chapter 9.2, Mitosis and Cytokinesis
prophase
sister chromatid
centromere
spindle apparatus
first and longest phase of mitosis; chromosomes are shaped li…
each half of the 'X' shaped chromosomes in prophase; contain…
structure at the center of the chromosome where the sister ch…
made of spindle fibers, centrioles and aster fibers; importan…
prophase
first and longest phase of mitosis; chromosomes are shaped li…
sister chromatid
each half of the 'X' shaped chromosomes in prophase; contain…
AP Biology Chapter 9
fermentation
aerobic respiration
cellular respiration
redox reactions
catabolic process that is a partial degradation of sugars or…
most effective catabolic pathway; oxygen is consumed as a rea…
aerobic processes where an animal breathes in oxygen
electron transfer from one reactant to the other
fermentation
catabolic process that is a partial degradation of sugars or…
aerobic respiration
most effective catabolic pathway; oxygen is consumed as a rea…
biology Chapter 9 - Mitosis
anaphase
apoptosis
cancer
carcinogen
3rd stage of mitosis where sister chromatids are pulled apart…
programmed cell death
uncontrolled growth and division of cells from damaged or mut…
cancer causing substance
anaphase
3rd stage of mitosis where sister chromatids are pulled apart…
apoptosis
programmed cell death
26 terms
Pearson Chapter 9 Biology
Glycolysis
Anaerobic Process
Cellular Respiration requires
Cellular Respiration Formula
Pathway beginning process. Takes place in cytoplasm, literall…
Glycolysis
Oxygen, a food molecule.
6O2+C6H12O6→6CO2+6H2O+36 ATP (energy)
Glycolysis
Pathway beginning process. Takes place in cytoplasm, literall…
Anaerobic Process
Glycolysis
32 terms
Biology: Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration
calorie
glycolysis
equation for cellular respiration
NAD+ (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide)
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
oxygen + glucose ---> carbon dioxide + water + energy
Electron carrier involved in glycolysis.
calorie
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g…
glycolysis
First step in releasing the energy of glucose, in which a mol…
12 terms
Biology: Chapter 9 - Frontiers of Biotechnology
restriction enzyme
gel electrophoresis
restriction map
polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
enzyme that cuts DNA molecules at specific nucleotide sequenc…
method of separating various lengths of DNA strands by applyi…
diagram that shows the lengths of fragments between restricti…
method for increasing the quantity of DNA by separating it in…
restriction enzyme
enzyme that cuts DNA molecules at specific nucleotide sequenc…
gel electrophoresis
method of separating various lengths of DNA strands by applyi…
18 terms
Abeka Biology Chapter 9.2
alimentary canal
digestion
enzymes
oral cavity
the long tube of the digestive system extending from the mout…
the changing of food substances with large, complex molecules…
catalysts produced by living cells to speed up specific chemi…
another name for the mouth
alimentary canal
the long tube of the digestive system extending from the mout…
digestion
the changing of food substances with large, complex molecules…
Biology Chapter 9
What is a Catabolic pathway
Fermentation
Aerobic respiration
anaerobic respiration
a breakdown pathway that releases energy by breaking down mol…
A catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
Respiration that requires oxygen
Respiration in the absence of oxygen. This produces lactic ac…
What is a Catabolic pathway
a breakdown pathway that releases energy by breaking down mol…
Fermentation
A catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
19 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 9 and 12
self pollination
cross pollination
pollination
F1 generation
transfer of pollen from stamen ---> pistil on same flower or…
transfer of pollen from stamen ---> pistil to a flower on a d…
transfer of pollen from stamen ---> pistil
offspring of P1
self pollination
transfer of pollen from stamen ---> pistil on same flower or…
cross pollination
transfer of pollen from stamen ---> pistil to a flower on a d…
Chapter 9 Biology Vocab Words
Genus
classify
species
taxonomy
latin name defining species and family
system based on biochemical, not physical similarities
largest group of organisms that can reproduce
classifying organisms into groups
Genus
latin name defining species and family
classify
system based on biochemical, not physical similarities
42 terms
AP Biology Chapter 9
Cell Divsion
Cell Cycle
Genome
Chromosomes
means "every cell from a cell"; the continuity of life is bas…
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a eukaryotic cel…
The complete instructions for making an organism, consisting…
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
Cell Divsion
means "every cell from a cell"; the continuity of life is bas…
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a eukaryotic cel…
Biology Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
cellular respiration
C₆H₁₂O⁶ + 6 O₂ → 6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + 36 ATP
glycolysis
pyruvic acid
enzymatic breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen to p…
respiration uses glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide…
first set of reactions in cellular respiration in which a mol…
3-carbon molecule of which two are converted from glucose at…
cellular respiration
enzymatic breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen to p…
C₆H₁₂O⁶ + 6 O₂ → 6 CO₂ + 6 H₂O + 36 ATP
respiration uses glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide…
Modern Biology: Chapter 9
Genetics
Heredity
P1 generation
F1 generation
The study of heredity.
The passing of genes from parent to offspring.
Parent (generation?)
Offspring (kids) (generation?)
Genetics
The study of heredity.
Heredity
The passing of genes from parent to offspring.
55 terms
AP Biology Chapter 9
botanist
plantain
plantar
embryo
one who specializes in the study of plants (pg. 140)
a low-lying weed with large broad leaves growing from its bas…
resembling the sole of the foot (pg. 140)
the earliest stages of development of any organism (pg. 141)
botanist
one who specializes in the study of plants (pg. 140)
plantain
a low-lying weed with large broad leaves growing from its bas…
13 terms
Chapter 9.1 Biology
calorie
The difference between calorie and Cal…
ATP
6CO2+ 6H2O ~Energy~ 6 O2+C6H12O6
Another unit of energy
Calorie (uppercase) is equal to 1000 calories (lower case)
Cells use the energy stored in chemical bonds of foods to pro…
The symbol equation for cellular respiration
calorie
Another unit of energy
The difference between calorie and Cal…
Calorie (uppercase) is equal to 1000 calories (lower case)
Biology chapter 9 terms
What do you do with glucose?
Cellular Respiration Equation
Glycolysis
Glycolysis
-Both use as energy!... ~Plants-made glucose-store as starch... ~…
-Equation is the opposite of the photosynthesis equation... -C6H…
Glucose breakdown
-Step 1--> use 2 ATP molecules. Remove a phosphate from each…
What do you do with glucose?
-Both use as energy!... ~Plants-made glucose-store as starch... ~…
Cellular Respiration Equation
-Equation is the opposite of the photosynthesis equation... -C6H…
37 terms
BJU Biology Chapter 9
taxonomy
artificial classification system
kingdom
phylum
the science of classifying organisms
a classification system based on observable characteristics
one of the six broad groups of organisms to which all species…
a taxonomic division of a kingdom; composed of one or more cl…
taxonomy
the science of classifying organisms
artificial classification system
a classification system based on observable characteristics
20 terms
Grieb BJU Biology Chapter 9
taxonomy
artificial classification system
kingdom
phylum
the science of classifying organisms
a classification system based on observable characteristics
one of the six broad groups of organisms to which all species…
a taxonomic division of a kingdom; composed of one or more cl…
taxonomy
the science of classifying organisms
artificial classification system
a classification system based on observable characteristics
87 terms
IB Biology Chapter 9
cambium (diagram)
phloem (diagram)
xylem (diagram)
cortex (diagram)
light blue ring inside stem in picture
outer ring of semicircles in picture
inner ring of light blue semicircles in picture
area between phloem and epidermis in picture
cambium (diagram)
light blue ring inside stem in picture
phloem (diagram)
outer ring of semicircles in picture
Modern Biology Chapter 9
Genetics
Heredity
P1 generation
F1 generation
The study of heredity.
The passing of genes from parent to offspring.
Parent (generation?)
Offspring (kids) (generation?)
Genetics
The study of heredity.
Heredity
The passing of genes from parent to offspring.
Biology - Chapter 9
Calorie
Glycolysis
Cellular respiration
NAD+
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one g…
the first step in releasing energy of glucose in which a mole…
the process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and…
electron carrier involved in glycolysis
Calorie
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one g…
Glycolysis
the first step in releasing energy of glucose in which a mole…
Biology : Chapter 9 Glossary
active immunity
allergen
allergy
antibody
natural or artificial exposure to an antigen causing an immun…
antigen that causes an allergic response
a vigorous response of the immune system to an antigen, resul…
specific protein produced by lymphocytes in response to a par…
active immunity
natural or artificial exposure to an antigen causing an immun…
allergen
antigen that causes an allergic response
24 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
adaptation
artificial classification system
baraminology
behavioral isolation
Any inheritable characteristic that gives a survival advantag…
A classification system based on observable characteristics.
A movement among Creationists to create a taxonomic system ba…
The inability of two subgroups of a population to interbreed…
adaptation
Any inheritable characteristic that gives a survival advantag…
artificial classification system
A classification system based on observable characteristics.
7 terms
Biology chapter 9 review
genotype, phenotype
a. law of independent assortment; b. i…
on homologous chromosomes
whether it or another allele determine…
the genetic makeup of an organism is called its ________ and…
Which of Mendel's laws is represented by each statement? ... a.…
Edward was found to be heterozygous (Ss) for the sickle-cell…
Whether an allele is dominant or recessive depends on
genotype, phenotype
the genetic makeup of an organism is called its ________ and…
a. law of independent assortment; b. i…
Which of Mendel's laws is represented by each statement? ... a.…
72 terms
Biology 101 Chapter 9
Angiosperms
Gymnosperms
Angiosperms structural features (2)
Vegetative organs (3)
Flowering Plants
Non-flowering plants
root system & shoot system
Root, Stems, & Leaves
Angiosperms
Flowering Plants
Gymnosperms
Non-flowering plants
MCAT Biology: Chapter 9
Intracellular Digestion
Extracellular Digestion
Alimentary Canal
Digestion
Oxidation of glucose and fatty acids for energy.
When nutrients are obtained from food, occurs in the lumen of…
Source of extracellular digestion, runs from the mouth to the…
Breakdown of food into its constituent organic molecules: lip…
Intracellular Digestion
Oxidation of glucose and fatty acids for energy.
Extracellular Digestion
When nutrients are obtained from food, occurs in the lumen of…
12 terms
Biology Chapter 9 Biology
ATP
ADP
photosynthesis
light-dependent reactions
composed of an adenosine molecule with three phosphate groups…
an even greater amount of energy is required to force a third…
the process that uses the suns energy to make simple sugars
convert light energy into chemical energy
ATP
composed of an adenosine molecule with three phosphate groups…
ADP
an even greater amount of energy is required to force a third…
Biology Chapter 9
cellular respiration
high
low
high; low
includes both aerobic and anaerobic respiration but is often…
the C-C and C-H bonds in glucose are (high/low) energy bonds
the C-O and O-H bonds in CO2 and H2O are (high/low) energy bo…
during cellular respiration, the bonds between the reactants…
cellular respiration
includes both aerobic and anaerobic respiration but is often…
high
the C-C and C-H bonds in glucose are (high/low) energy bonds
55 terms
Biology Chapter 9
Ingestion
Digestion
Movement
Absorption
Intake of food via the mouth
Mechanically or chemically breaking down foods into their sub…
Food must be moved along the GI tract in order to fulfill all…
Movement
Ingestion
Intake of food via the mouth
Digestion
Mechanically or chemically breaking down foods into their sub…
38 terms
Biology Chapter 9
calorie
Calorie
glycolysis
glukus
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1g of wat…
used on food labels , is a kilocalorie, or 1000 calories
The first set of reactions in cellular respiration. The proce…
greek word meaning "sweet".
calorie
amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1g of wat…
Calorie
used on food labels , is a kilocalorie, or 1000 calories
47 terms
Biology Chapter 9
How do cells reproduce?
Daughter cells
What does the DNA in a chromosome have?
What does each nucleotide consist of?
cell division where a parent cell creates 2 daughter cells
has a complete set of hereditary information from the parent…
two long strands of nucleotides wound around each other like…
a phosphate, a sugar(deoxyribose), and one of four bases (ade…
How do cells reproduce?
cell division where a parent cell creates 2 daughter cells
Daughter cells
has a complete set of hereditary information from the parent…
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