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Study sets matching "biology chemistry life biochemistry"

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Study sets matching "biology chemistry life biochemistry"

34 terms
The Chemistry of Life (Biochemistry)
atom
nucleus
proton
electron
basic unit of matter, smallest part of an element
the positively charged dense center of an atom
positively charged particle of an atom
negatively charged particle of an atom
atom
basic unit of matter, smallest part of an element
nucleus
the positively charged dense center of an atom
37 terms
Chemistry of Life/Biochemistry | Biology Honors | Mikayla Hord
compound
covalent bond
electron
ion
anything composed of two or more different substances to form…
a chemical bond that shares a pair of electrons between atoms
a particle which has a negative electrical charge, and is fou…
can be either a molecule or an atom, and has a net electric c…
compound
anything composed of two or more different substances to form…
covalent bond
a chemical bond that shares a pair of electrons between atoms
45 terms
Biochemistry: The Chemistry of Life
Psalm 139:4
biochemistry
carbohydrates
glucose
I will praise thee; for I am fearfully and wonderfully made:…
Chemistry dealing with chemical compounds and processes in li…
Macromolecules composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a…
A form of simple carbohydrate circulating in the blood; also…
Psalm 139:4
I will praise thee; for I am fearfully and wonderfully made:…
biochemistry
Chemistry dealing with chemical compounds and processes in li…
46 terms
Biochemistry: The Chemistry of life
Atom
Matter
Elements
Chemical bonds
Smallest basic unit of matter
Anything that takes up space- Made up of protons, electrons a…
Pure substance that entirely consists of one type of atom
what are atoms held together by?
Atom
Smallest basic unit of matter
Matter
Anything that takes up space- Made up of protons, electrons a…
29 terms
The Biochemistry of Life (AP Biology)
amino acid
amphipathic
carbohydrate
carbon
An organic molecule possessing both carboxyl and amino groups…
Having both a hydrophilic region and hydrophobic region.
A sugar (monosaccharide) or one of it's dimmers (disaccharide…
A chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.
amino acid
An organic molecule possessing both carboxyl and amino groups…
amphipathic
Having both a hydrophilic region and hydrophobic region.
23 terms
Chapter 2 Chemistry of Life for & Chapter 3 Biochemistry for Biology
Elements
Atom
Covalent Bonds
Ionic Bonds
Substances that cannot be broke down chemically into simple k…
The simplest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
Form when two or more atoms SHARE ELECTRONS to form a molecul…
when ELECTRONS ARE TRANSFERRED and then a bond forms between…
Elements
Substances that cannot be broke down chemically into simple k…
Atom
The simplest particle of an element that retains all the prop…
37 terms
Chemistry of Life/Biochemistry Vocabulary
Compound
Enzyme
Covalent Bond
Product
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
A chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
Compound
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
Enzyme
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
41 terms
AP Biology- Life & Biochemistry
Emergent Properties
Cell
Levels of Organization
What makes something living?
a new property that arises at each step in the biological hie…
considered the smallest form of life
atoms are the building blocks of life -> cells and organelles…
1: living things are composed of cells... 2: DNA; grows, repairs…
Emergent Properties
a new property that arises at each step in the biological hie…
Cell
considered the smallest form of life
46 terms
Biochemistry: The Chemistry of life
Atom
Matter
Elements
Chemical bonds
Smallest basic unit of matter
Anything that takes up space- Made up of protons, electrons a…
Pure substance that entirely consists of one type of atom
what are atoms held together by?
Atom
Smallest basic unit of matter
Matter
Anything that takes up space- Made up of protons, electrons a…
107 terms
Biochemistry: The Chemistry of Life
atom
physical properties
mass
volume
the basic unit of a chemical element, makes up everything
observations that don't alter the composition of matter
measurement of an object's resistance to acceleration and gen…
amount of space an object takes up measured in cubic units
atom
the basic unit of a chemical element, makes up everything
physical properties
observations that don't alter the composition of matter
41 terms
Biology unit 1: Chemistry of Life, Part 2: Biochemistry
Organic Molecule
Hydrocarbon
Macromolecule
Polymer
A molecule containing carbon that is a part of or produced by…
An organic compound that contains only carbon and hydrogen
A type of giant molecule formed by joining smaller molecules…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
Organic Molecule
A molecule containing carbon that is a part of or produced by…
Hydrocarbon
An organic compound that contains only carbon and hydrogen
30 terms
Biochemistry: Life Before Chemistry
structure and function of biological m…
Metabolism
Molecular Genetics
Replication... Transcription... Translation
Principle Areas of Biochemistry
anabolic (taking in) & catabolic (taking out) processes
how life is replicated; regulation of protein synthesis
steps in DNA replication
structure and function of biological m…
Principle Areas of Biochemistry
Metabolism
anabolic (taking in) & catabolic (taking out) processes
22 terms
Biochemistry: Chemistry of life
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Element
Basic unit of matter
center of an atom, contains the protons and the neutrons, in…
negatively charged particle, located outside the atomic nucleus
substance consisting entirely of one type of atom
Atom
Basic unit of matter
Nucleus
center of an atom, contains the protons and the neutrons, in…
39 terms
Honors Biology 1. Chapter 2&3: the chemistry and biochemistry of life.
product
new compounds/ substances formed in a chemical reaction
product
new compounds/ substances formed in a chemical reaction
31 terms
Chemistry of Life (Biochemistry)
nucleus of an atom
proton
electron
neutron
part of an atom consisting of the protons and neutrons; cente…
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
nucleus of an atom
part of an atom consisting of the protons and neutrons; cente…
proton
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
22 terms
Biochemistry: The Chemistry of Life
Protons
Neutrons
Electrons
Same
Determine the atoms identity
Determine the atoms mass
Determine how reactive an atom is
Neutral atoms always have _____________________ numbers of pr…
Protons
Determine the atoms identity
Neutrons
Determine the atoms mass
21 terms
Chemistry of life (biochemistry)
matter
oxygen
carbon
hydrogen
anything that takes up space and has mass (example: element)
65%of body weight. Part of water, needed for cellular respira…
18.6% of body weight. Backbone of all organic materials
9.7% of body weight. Found in nearly every compound of the body
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass (example: element)
oxygen
65%of body weight. Part of water, needed for cellular respira…
41 terms
Biology Unit 1: Chemistry of Life, Part 2: Biochemistry
Organic Molecule
Hydrocarbon
Macromolecule
Polymer
A molecule containing carbon that is a part of or produced by…
An organic compound that contains only carbon and hydrogen
A type of giant molecule formed by joining smaller molecules…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
Organic Molecule
A molecule containing carbon that is a part of or produced by…
Hydrocarbon
An organic compound that contains only carbon and hydrogen
50 terms
Unit 2 Chemistry Of Life/Biochemistry (ch. 3)
Organic Compounds
hydrocarbons
Carbon skeleton
Isomers
Carbon-based molecules
compounds composed of only carbon and hydrogen
The chain of carbon atoms in an organic molecule
Compounds with the same formula but different structures
Organic Compounds
Carbon-based molecules
hydrocarbons
compounds composed of only carbon and hydrogen
88 terms
Biochemistry - 1 The Chemistry of Life
Catenation
Isotope
Hydrocarbons
Functional Groups
carbon molecules chained or branched to themselves
atoms with the same number of protons and electrons, but with…
when carbon is bonded to hydrogen alone
molecules that can attach to hydrocarbons and change the reac…
Catenation
carbon molecules chained or branched to themselves
Isotope
atoms with the same number of protons and electrons, but with…
44 terms
Biochemistry: Chemistry of Life & Water and Carbon Properties - Biology (Hilton)
element
atom
solution
isotopes
substance that can't be broken down into simpler chemical sub…
smallest particle of an element that has the characteristics…
-mixture in which one or more substances (solutes) are distri…
-atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neu…
element
substance that can't be broken down into simpler chemical sub…
atom
smallest particle of an element that has the characteristics…
The chemistry of life (Biochemistry)
a pure substance that consists entirel…
chemical combination of 2 or more elem…
gain or lose electrons
share electrons
Element
Compound
Ionic bond
covalent bonds
a pure substance that consists entirel…
Element
chemical combination of 2 or more elem…
Compound
46 terms
Biochemistry: The chemistry of life
Chemical Change
Physical Change
What are the phases of a chemical change
Atoms
Occurs when atoms rearrange to from something new... Ex) Burning…
Occurs when the substance itself does not change
Reactants to Products
The building blocks of all matter, mean unable to cut in greek
Chemical Change
Occurs when atoms rearrange to from something new... Ex) Burning…
Physical Change
Occurs when the substance itself does not change
38 terms
Chemistry of Life/Biochemistry
Compound
Enzyme
Covalent Bond
Product
Something that is composed of two or more separate elements/a…
Proteins that act as catalyst and boost reactions. Breaks stu…
A chemical bond that involves sharing electron pairs between…
Substance formed as the result of a chemical reaction.
Compound
Something that is composed of two or more separate elements/a…
Enzyme
Proteins that act as catalyst and boost reactions. Breaks stu…
Chemistry of Life/Biochemistry
Compound
Enzymes
Covalent Bond
Product
a thing that is composed of two or more separate elements; a…
biological molecules (proteins) that act as catalysts and hel…
also called a molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involve…
a substance that is formed as the result of a chemical reacti…
Compound
a thing that is composed of two or more separate elements; a…
Enzymes
biological molecules (proteins) that act as catalysts and hel…
29 terms
Biochemistry- The Chemistry of Life
Matter is made up of what?
What are the six essential elements to…
What are two or more elements combined…
What shares electrons between two elem…
Atoms
CHNOPS- carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, and s…
Chemical compounds
Covalent bond
Matter is made up of what?
Atoms
What are the six essential elements to…
CHNOPS- carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, and s…
Biochemistry Chemistry of Life
Growth
Reproduce
Homeostasis
Respond to Stimuli
Process of increasing in Size
Process of producing new organisms
Maintenance of relatively constant internal environment.
The process of reacting to their environment
Growth
Process of increasing in Size
Reproduce
Process of producing new organisms
39 terms
Biochemistry - Chemistry of Life
Structure of an Atom
Isotopes
Carbon - 14
ionic bond
The element name corresponds to the number of protons in the…
have the same number of protons (same element name) but diffe…
is used to date fossils and other artifacts.
transfer of electrons between two atoms
Structure of an Atom
The element name corresponds to the number of protons in the…
Isotopes
have the same number of protons (same element name) but diffe…
37 terms
Chemistry of Life/ Biochemistry
compound
catalyst
enzymes
covalent bond
a thing that is composed of two or more separate elements; a…
any substance that causes a change in the rate of a chemical…
facilitate reactions in cells
chemical bond in which two atoms share one or more pairs of e…
compound
a thing that is composed of two or more separate elements; a…
catalyst
any substance that causes a change in the rate of a chemical…
37 terms
Chemistry of Life/ Biochemistry
Compound
Covalent Bound
Electron
Ion
a mixture; a thing that is composed of two or more separate e…
the sharing of one or more electrons, especially pairs of ele…
an atom with a charge of negative electricity
an atom or molecule with a net charge due to the loss or gain…
Compound
a mixture; a thing that is composed of two or more separate e…
Covalent Bound
the sharing of one or more electrons, especially pairs of ele…
31 terms
chemistry of life biochemistry
Compound
Covalent Bond
Electron
Ion
a thing that is composed of two or more separate elements
a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs b…
a stable subatomic particle with a charge of negative electri…
an atom or molecule with a net electric charge due to the los…
Compound
a thing that is composed of two or more separate elements
Covalent Bond
a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs b…
53 terms
Chemistry of life/biochemistry vocabulary
Proton
Neutron
Electron
Atom
Subatomic particle with a positive electric charge. It occurs…
A subatomic particle without an electric charge. It occurs in…
Negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
Basic unit of matter
Proton
Subatomic particle with a positive electric charge. It occurs…
Neutron
A subatomic particle without an electric charge. It occurs in…
Chemistry of life/Biochemistry
Compound
Covalent Bond
Electron
Ion
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
A chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A charged atom
Compound
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
Covalent Bond
A chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
38 terms
Chemistry of Life/ Biochemistry
Compound
Covalent Bond
Electron
Ion
A compound is a substance made of molecules that contain two…
A covalent bond is a chemical link between two atoms/ions whe…
An electron is a stable, negatively charged component of an a…
An atom(group) in which the number of electrons is different…
Compound
A compound is a substance made of molecules that contain two…
Covalent Bond
A covalent bond is a chemical link between two atoms/ions whe…
37 terms
Chemistry of Life/ Biochemistry
Compound
Covalent Bound
Electron
Ion
a mixture; a thing that is composed of two or more separate e…
the sharing of one or more electrons, especially pairs of ele…
an atom with a charge of negative electricity
an atom or molecule with a net charge due to the loss or gain…
Compound
a mixture; a thing that is composed of two or more separate e…
Covalent Bound
the sharing of one or more electrons, especially pairs of ele…
37 terms
Chemistry of Life/Biochemistry
Compound
Electron
Covalent Bond
Molecule
Formed when two or more elements combine
Negatively charged, surrounds nucleus in atoms
A chemical bond formed by the sharing of one or more electrons
The smallest unit of an element or compound, made up of two o…
Compound
Formed when two or more elements combine
Electron
Negatively charged, surrounds nucleus in atoms
93 terms
Chemistry of Life-Biochemistry
2.1
Matter
States of matter
Building blocks of matter
...
Anything that has volume and takes up space
Solid, Liquid, Gas
Atoms
2.1
...
Matter
Anything that has volume and takes up space
37 terms
Chemistry of Life/Biochemistry
Compound
Enzyme
Covalent Bond
Electron
A substance formed when 2 or more chemical elements are chemi…
macromolecular catalysts
A chemical bond former by the sharing of one or more electrons
a particle with a charge of negative electricity
Compound
A substance formed when 2 or more chemical elements are chemi…
Enzyme
macromolecular catalysts
142 terms
DAT Biology (Chemistry/Biochemistry)
positively charged protons and neutral…
outside the nucleus
groups of two or more atoms held toget…
the ability of an atom to attract elec…
Nucleus consists of .......
Where are negatively charged electrons arranged?
What are molecules
What is electronegativity?
positively charged protons and neutral…
Nucleus consists of .......
outside the nucleus
Where are negatively charged electrons arranged?
34 terms
The Chemistry of Life (Biochemistry)
atom
nucleus
proton
electron
basic unit of matter, smallest part of an element
the positively charged dense center of an atom
positively charged particle of an atom
negatively charged particle of an atom
atom
basic unit of matter, smallest part of an element
nucleus
the positively charged dense center of an atom
65 terms
Biochemistry (Chemistry of Life)
Hierarchy of Matter
Subatomic Particle
Element
Molecule
Atom, Element, Molecule, Compound
Protons, neutrons, electrons.
A substance that can not be broken down into a similar substa…
Two or more atoms chemically combined, the smallest part of a…
Hierarchy of Matter
Atom, Element, Molecule, Compound
Subatomic Particle
Protons, neutrons, electrons.
85 terms
Biology, Chemistry, and Biochemistry
Structure and Function
Diversity and Universality
Change Over Time
Equilibrium in a System
form/shape fits that job
all living things have some things in common and some differe…
change within organisms, species, ecosystems, and Earth
in any system, balance may be upset temporarily, but is usual…
Structure and Function
form/shape fits that job
Diversity and Universality
all living things have some things in common and some differe…
20 terms
The Chemistry of Life (Biochemistry)
atom
nucleus
proton
electron
basic unit of matter, smallest part of an element
the positively charged dense center of an atom
positively charged particle of an atom
negatively charged particle of an atom
atom
basic unit of matter, smallest part of an element
nucleus
the positively charged dense center of an atom
43 terms
The Chemistry of Life (Biochemistry)
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
lipid
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
a carbon compound used for energy
a carbon compound used to make cell membranes and as back up…
monomer
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
polymer
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
10 terms
Chemistry of Life (biochemistry)
Matter
Proton
Electron
Neutron
Anything that has mass and occupies space... • made up of atoms…
A positively charged particle within an atoms nucleus
A negatively charged particle located within the electron clo…
A particle with no charge, within the nucleus of an atom
Matter
Anything that has mass and occupies space... • made up of atoms…
Proton
A positively charged particle within an atoms nucleus
Biochemistry: Chemistry of Life & Water and Carbon Properties - Biology (Hilton)
element
atom
solution
isotopes
substance that can't be broken down into simpler chemical sub…
smallest particle of an element that has the characteristics…
-mixture in which one or more substances (solutes) are distri…
-atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neu…
element
substance that can't be broken down into simpler chemical sub…
atom
smallest particle of an element that has the characteristics…
55 terms
Science: chemistry of life/ biochemistry
Atoms
Atomic particle (3)
Atomic structure
Matter
Need to fill outer shell, fuller outer shell=stable they are…
Proton- positively charged... Neutron- neutral/no charge... Electro…
Nucleus- central core of an atom ... Has two types of particles…
Anything that's has a mass and takes up space
Atoms
Need to fill outer shell, fuller outer shell=stable they are…
Atomic particle (3)
Proton- positively charged... Neutron- neutral/no charge... Electro…
32 terms
The chemistry and biochemistry of life
What are the four macromolecules
what is the monomer of a carb
Three types of carbohydrates
Simple sugar
Carbohydrates proteins, lipids, nucleic acid
Monosaccharide
Monosaccharides,disaccharides, polysaccharide
Monosaccharide
What are the four macromolecules
Carbohydrates proteins, lipids, nucleic acid
what is the monomer of a carb
Monosaccharide
14 terms
The Chemistry of Life (Biochemistry)
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
lipid
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
a carbon compound used for energy
a carbon compound used to make cell membranes and as back up…
monomer
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
polymer
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
34 terms
The Chemistry of Life (Biochemistry)
atom
nucleus
proton
electron
basic unit of matter, smallest part of an element
the positively charged dense center of an atom
positively charged particle of an atom
negatively charged particle of an atom
atom
basic unit of matter, smallest part of an element
nucleus
the positively charged dense center of an atom
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