Study sets matching "biology chemistry life"

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Study sets matching "biology chemistry life"

35 terms
Biology Review: Chemistry of Life
Atom
Element
Compound
Ion
Make up elements. Very small, has protons, neutrons, and elec…
A substance made up of only one type of atom that cannot be b…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
An atom that has gained or lost an electron
Atom
Make up elements. Very small, has protons, neutrons, and elec…
Element
A substance made up of only one type of atom that cannot be b…
44 terms
Biology and The Chemistry of Life
atom
nucleus
electron
neutron*
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
44 terms
Introduction to Biology and the Chemistry of Life
atom
nucleus
electron
neutron*
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
72 terms
Biology: Chapter 2 Chemistry of Life
matter
element
four elements that make up over 90% of…
atom
anything that takes up space and has mass
the different forms of atoms; each has a different number of…
carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hydrogen
smallest unit of an element that retains the properties of th…
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
element
the different forms of atoms; each has a different number of…
35 terms
Biology Review: Chemistry of Life
Atom
Element
Compound
Ion
Make up elements. Very small, has protons, neutrons, and elec…
A substance made up of only one type of atom that cannot be b…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
An atom that has gained or lost an electron
Atom
Make up elements. Very small, has protons, neutrons, and elec…
Element
A substance made up of only one type of atom that cannot be b…
14 terms
Biology - Chemistry of Life
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
lipid
subunit of a polymer; Remember 'link in a chain.'
large molecule formed by linking monomers.
molecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; food sourc…
hydrophobic molecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen…
monomer
subunit of a polymer; Remember 'link in a chain.'
polymer
large molecule formed by linking monomers.
33 terms
Biology: Chapter 2 - Chemistry of Life
atom
element
compound
ion
smallest basic unit of matter.
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons.
atom
smallest basic unit of matter.
element
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
Biology: Chapter 2 - Chemistry of Life
atom
element
compound
ion
smallest basic unit of matter.
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons.
atom
smallest basic unit of matter.
element
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
54 terms
Biology: Chapter 2 The Chemistry of Life
Electron
Substrate
pH scale
Nucleotide
Negatively charged particle, located outside the atomic nucle…
Reactant of an enzyme-catalyzed reaction.
Measurement system used to indicate the concentration of hydr…
Monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar
Electron
Negatively charged particle, located outside the atomic nucle…
Substrate
Reactant of an enzyme-catalyzed reaction.
41 terms
Biology: Chapter 2, The Chemistry of Life
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Element
An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter t…
The nucleus is the small, dense region consisting of protons…
The electron is a subatomic particle, symbol e− or β−, with a…
A chemical element (often just element when the chemical cont…
Atom
An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter t…
Nucleus
The nucleus is the small, dense region consisting of protons…
63 terms
AP Biology: Chemistry of Life
Element(s)
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen
Trace (Elements)
Compound(s)
___ are substances that cannot be broken down into simpler su…
although there are 92 natural elements, 96% of the mass of al…
the other elements that compose 4% of the mass of all organis…
when two or more DIFFERENT types of atoms are combined in a f…
Element(s)
___ are substances that cannot be broken down into simpler su…
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen
although there are 92 natural elements, 96% of the mass of al…
35 terms
Biology: Chapter 2 - Chemistry of Life
atom
element
compound
ion
smallest basic unit of matter.
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons.
atom
smallest basic unit of matter.
element
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
16 terms
2A Biology - Chemistry of Life
matter
element
atom
neutron
Anything that occupies space and has mass.
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
The smallest unit of an element that can exist either alone o…
The non-charged particle in an atom's nucleus
matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass.
element
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance…
35 terms
Biology: Chapter 2 - Chemistry of Life
atom
element
compound
ion
smallest basic unit of matter.
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons.
atom
smallest basic unit of matter.
element
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
25 terms
Chemistry of Life-1 Biology
atom
nucleus
electron
neutron*
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
35 terms
Biology - chemistry of life
atom
element
compound
ion
smallest basic unit of matter.
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons.
atom
smallest basic unit of matter.
element
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
Biology Review: Chemistry of Life
Atom
Element
Compound
Ion
Make up elements. Very small, has protons, neutrons, and elec…
A substance made up of only one type of atom that cannot be b…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
An atom that has gained or lost an electron
Atom
Make up elements. Very small, has protons, neutrons, and elec…
Element
A substance made up of only one type of atom that cannot be b…
47 terms
Chemistry of Life (Biology) Vocab
organic compound
functional group
monomer
polymer
carbon based molecules
groups of atoms participating in chemical reactions ex.) carb…
one unit of a macromolecule
3+ units of a macromolecule
organic compound
carbon based molecules
functional group
groups of atoms participating in chemical reactions ex.) carb…
Biology Review: Chemistry of Life
Molecule
Hydrogen bond
Cohesion
Adhesion
2 or more atoms held together by covalent bonds
Attraction between a slightly positive hydrogen atom and a sl…
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
An attraction between molecules of different substances
Molecule
2 or more atoms held together by covalent bonds
Hydrogen bond
Attraction between a slightly positive hydrogen atom and a sl…
75 terms
Biology: Chemistry of Life
carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acid, p…
nucleic acids
proteins
lipids
4 types of macromolecules:
type of macromolecule having to do with nucleotides
type of macromolecule having to do with amino acids and r group
type of macromolecules having to do with polarity
carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acid, p…
4 types of macromolecules:
nucleic acids
type of macromolecule having to do with nucleotides
Biology - Chemistry of Life
atom
nucleus
nucleus
electron cloud
basic unit of matter
location of protons
location of neutrons
location of electrons
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
location of protons
Biology Chemistry of Life Quiz
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
Glucose
Fructose
Main source of energy in all living things. These contain car…
The simplest form of carbohydrates. Building blocks of more c…
(Monosaccharide)
Fruit sugar (Monosaccharide)
Carbohydrate
Main source of energy in all living things. These contain car…
Monosaccharide
The simplest form of carbohydrates. Building blocks of more c…
Biology: Chemistry of Life
What is Science?
Scientific Method
Hierarchy of taxonomic ranks: Humans?
7 criteria that Organisms need to meet…
Is the process of understanding the natural world by making o…
Observation -->Question --> Hypothesis -->Prediction --> Expe…
Genus: Homo... Species: Sapiens
1. Cells... 2. Regulation... 3. Growth and Development... 4. Energy Us…
What is Science?
Is the process of understanding the natural world by making o…
Scientific Method
Observation -->Question --> Hypothesis -->Prediction --> Expe…
Biology Chapter 2: Chemistry of Life
Atom
Element
Compound
Ion
Make up elements. Very small, has protons, neutrons, and elec…
A substance made up of only one type of atom that cannot be b…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
An atom that has gained or lost an electron
Atom
Make up elements. Very small, has protons, neutrons, and elec…
Element
A substance made up of only one type of atom that cannot be b…
19 terms
Chemistry of Life-2 Biology
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
A large molecule made up of many similar or identical subunits.
Composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Main source of ener…
A single sugar molecule such as glucose or fructose, the simp…
monomer
A simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
polymer
A large molecule made up of many similar or identical subunits.
Biology - Chp 6 Chemistry of Life
chemical reaction
reactants
products
activation energy
energy requiring process by which atoms or groups of atoms ar…
substance that exists before a chemical reaction starts
the substances formed during the chemical reaction
the minimum amount of energy needed for the reactants to form…
chemical reaction
energy requiring process by which atoms or groups of atoms ar…
reactants
substance that exists before a chemical reaction starts
103 terms
Biology - Unit 4 - Chemistry of Life - Study Vocabulary *
organic chemistry
Carbon
macromolecules
polymer
the study of carbon-containing compounds
_____ can form long chains, branched chains, and rings
Large molecules that are formed by joining smaller organic mo…
substance made up of a large number of smaller molecules that…
organic chemistry
the study of carbon-containing compounds
Carbon
_____ can form long chains, branched chains, and rings
Biology: Chapter 2 - Chemistry of Life
atom
element
compound
ion
smallest basic unit of matter.
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons.
atom
smallest basic unit of matter.
element
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
10 terms
biology chemistry of life
formed when one or more electrons are…
forms when electrons are shared betwee…
partial positive and partial negative…
_____ is the attraction between molecu…
ionic bonds
covalent bonds
hydrogen bonds
formed when one or more electrons are…
ionic bonds
forms when electrons are shared betwee…
covalent bonds
37 terms
Biology: Chapter 2 - Chemistry of Life
atom
element
compound
ion
smallest basic unit of matter.
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons.
atom
smallest basic unit of matter.
element
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
41 terms
chemistry of life Biology quiz
Proteins that act as a biological Cata…
A substance that speeds up a chemical…
The reactants of an enzyme catalyzed r…
Where the Substrate and Enzyme join
Enzyme
Catalyst
Substrate
Active Site
Proteins that act as a biological Cata…
Enzyme
A substance that speeds up a chemical…
Catalyst
Biology: Chemistry of Life
What are the six elements that biologi…
What is the structure and function of…
What is the structure and function of…
What is the structure and function of…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Sulfur, and Phosphorus
Structure: Hexagonal ring with 5 carbon and 1 oxygen... Functio…
Structure: Carbon chain with glycerol group at the end. No mo…
Structure: Monomer, amino acid, is compsed of amino, hydrogen…
What are the six elements that biologi…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Sulfur, and Phosphorus
What is the structure and function of…
Structure: Hexagonal ring with 5 carbon and 1 oxygen... Functio…
15 terms
Intro Biology and Chemistry of Life
Atom
Element
Compound
Ion
Smallest basic unit of matter.
One type of atom.
A substance made up of two or more elements.
An atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons.
Atom
Smallest basic unit of matter.
Element
One type of atom.
41 terms
Biology: Chapter 2, The Chemistry of Life
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Element
An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter t…
The nucleus is the small, dense region consisting of protons…
The electron is a subatomic particle, symbol e− or β−, with a…
A chemical element (often just element when the chemical cont…
Atom
An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter t…
Nucleus
The nucleus is the small, dense region consisting of protons…
15 terms
Biology- The Chemistry of Life Chapter 2
nucleus
electron
neutron*
proton*
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
electron
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
51 terms
Introduction to Biology and the Chemistry of Life
atom
nucleus
electron
neutron*
(physics and chemistry) the smallest basic unit of matter mad…
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
Negative charge (lives outside the nucleus). A subatomic part…
A neutral charge (lives in nucleus); subatomic particle that…
atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest basic unit of matter mad…
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
56 terms
Biology - Unit 4 - Chemistry of Life - Study Guide
chemistry
biology
science
proton
The study of matter, its composition, and properties is calle…
The study of life is called ___.
constructing an accurate knowledge about the natural world
positively charged subatomic particle
chemistry
The study of matter, its composition, and properties is calle…
biology
The study of life is called ___.
Introduction to Biology and the Chemistry of Life
atom
nucleus
electron
neutron*
(physics and chemistry) the smallest basic unit of matter mad…
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
Negative charge (lives outside the nucleus). A subatomic part…
A neutral charge (lives in nucleus); subatomic particle that…
atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest basic unit of matter mad…
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
17 terms
(biology) Chapter 2: The Chemistry of Life
Polymer
Monomer
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
molecules composed (made) of many monomers.
a small chemical unit (molecule). A building block of polymers
a compound made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms. It is…
the monomer of a carbohydrate. Glucose, fructose and galactos…
Polymer
molecules composed (made) of many monomers.
Monomer
a small chemical unit (molecule). A building block of polymers
Biology: The Chemistry of Life
What is the most abundant element on E…
What is the hardest material on planet…
How many spaces does Carbon have for b…
What kind of bonds can Carbon make?
Carbon
Carbon
4 spaces
Ionic Bonds, Single Bonds, Double Bonds, Triple Bonds (in ord…
What is the most abundant element on E…
Carbon
What is the hardest material on planet…
Carbon
154 terms
Biology - Unit 4 - Chemistry of Life -- Terms & Concepts
organic chemistry
Carbon
macromolecules
polymer
the study of carbon-containing compounds
_____ can form long chains, branched chains, and rings
Large molecules that are formed by joining smaller organic mo…
molecules made from repeating units of identical or nearly id…
organic chemistry
the study of carbon-containing compounds
Carbon
_____ can form long chains, branched chains, and rings
13 terms
Biology - Chemistry of Life
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
lipid
subunit of a polymer; Remember 'link in a chain.'
large molecule formed by linking monomers.
molecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; food sourc…
hydrophobic molecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen…
monomer
subunit of a polymer; Remember 'link in a chain.'
polymer
large molecule formed by linking monomers.
IBHL Biology: The Chemistry of Life
What is biology?
Properties and Processes Associated wi…
What is evolution?
What are emergent properties?
the study of life
1. Order... 2. Evolutionary Adaptation... 3. Response to the enviro…
the idea that organisms living on Earth today are the modifie…
new properties that appear with each step up in biological hi…
What is biology?
the study of life
Properties and Processes Associated wi…
1. Order... 2. Evolutionary Adaptation... 3. Response to the enviro…
58 terms
Biology Chapter 6 - Chemistry of Life
Matter
Atom
Proton
Neutron
anything that occupies space and has mass (weight)
basic unit of matter
Subatomic particle located in the nucleus of an atom; positiv…
Subatomic particle located in the nucleus of an atom; neutral
Matter
anything that occupies space and has mass (weight)
Atom
basic unit of matter
Biology: Chemistry of Life
carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acid, p…
nucleic acids
proteins
lipids
4 types of macromolecules:
type of macromolecule having to do with nucleotides
type of macromolecule having to do with amino acids and r group
type of macromolecules having to do with polarity
carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acid, p…
4 types of macromolecules:
nucleic acids
type of macromolecule having to do with nucleotides
35 terms
Biology: Chapter 2 - Chemistry of Life
atom
element
compound
ion
smallest basic unit of matter.
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
substance made of atoms of different elements that are bonded…
atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons.
atom
smallest basic unit of matter.
element
substance made of only one type of atom that cannot be broken…
40 terms
AP Biology - The Chemistry of Life
Organic Compounds
Inorganic Compounds
The Qualities of Water
Carbohydrates
They are compounds with carbon in them excluding CO2, CO and…
They are compounds that aren't organic and include water, and…
Water is polar and can dissolve other polar substances. Water…
They are organic compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen and ox…
Organic Compounds
They are compounds with carbon in them excluding CO2, CO and…
Inorganic Compounds
They are compounds that aren't organic and include water, and…
11 terms
The Chemistry of Life - Biology Chap 2-1
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutrons
negatively charged particle; orbits the nucleus
substance made of only one type of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutrons
41 terms
Biology: Chapter 2, The Chemistry of Life
Atom
Nucleus
Electron
Element
An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter t…
The nucleus is the small, dense region consisting of protons…
The electron is a subatomic particle, symbol e− or β−, with a…
A chemical element (often just element when the chemical cont…
Atom
An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter t…
Nucleus
The nucleus is the small, dense region consisting of protons…
Introduction to Biology and the Chemistry of Life
atom
nucleus
electron
neutron*
(physics and chemistry) the smallest basic unit of matter mad…
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
Negative charge (lives outside the nucleus). A subatomic part…
A neutral charge (lives in nucleus); subatomic particle that…
atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest basic unit of matter mad…
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
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