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Study sets matching "biology chemistry organic"

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Study sets matching "biology chemistry organic"

41 terms
AP Biology Organic Chemistry
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
lipid
a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form d…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
organic compound made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a 1:…
organic compound made of carbon, hydrogen & relatively few ox…
monomer
a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form d…
polymer
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
37 terms
Organic Chemistry for Biology
Organic
Carbohydrate
Simple Sugar
Complex Sugar
Carbon containing compounds
Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the appro…
Building blocks of carbohydrates, also monosaccharide
Long Chains of monosaccharides, also called a polysaccharides
Organic
Carbon containing compounds
Carbohydrate
Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the appro…
50 terms
Organic Chemistry-Biology (Thessen)
Matter
Electrically Neutral
Neutrons =
Isotope
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Number of protons = Number of Electrons (in a neutral atom)
Mass # - Atomic #
Same atom, but different number of neutrons (Carbon-12, Carbo…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Electrically Neutral
Number of protons = Number of Electrons (in a neutral atom)
71 terms
Biology 12 Organic Chemistry Terms
Ionic Bond
Covalent Bond
Molecule
Compound
A bond in which one atom gains electrons, and one loses elect…
A bond in which two atoms share electrons.
A group of atoms bonded together, representing the smallest f…
A thing that is composed of two or more seperate elements.
Ionic Bond
A bond in which one atom gains electrons, and one loses elect…
Covalent Bond
A bond in which two atoms share electrons.
41 terms
AP Biology Organic Chemistry
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
lipid
a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form d…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
organic compound made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a 1:…
organic compound made of carbon, hydrogen & relatively few ox…
monomer
a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form d…
polymer
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
37 terms
Organic Chemistry for Biology
Organic
Carbohydrate
Simple Sugar
Complex Sugar
Carbon containing compounds
Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the appro…
Building blocks of carbohydrates, also monosaccharide
Long Chains of monosaccharides, also called a polysaccharides
Organic
Carbon containing compounds
Carbohydrate
Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the appro…
13 terms
Biology: Organic Chemistry - Lipids
Lipids
Elements Of Lipids
Functions
Lipids, Polar Or Non
Fat
Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen
1. Provide Energy ... 2. Builds Cell Membrane ... 3. Helps make Ho…
Nonpolar
Lipids
Fat
Elements Of Lipids
Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen
Biology: Chemistry/ Organic Chemistry
atomic mass
chemical Symbol
catalyst
anabolism
The total mass of an atom
A code for a chemical element
a substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction
set of metabolic pathways that construct molecules from small…
atomic mass
The total mass of an atom
chemical Symbol
A code for a chemical element
40 terms
Biology: Organic Chemistry Unit
Everything in the universe is either _…
Atoms chemically combine ______ which…
Monomer
Polymer
matter or energy
monomers ... polymers
many atoms joined together to form a small molecule (subunit)
Many monomers put together to make a larger molecule
Everything in the universe is either _…
matter or energy
Atoms chemically combine ______ which…
monomers ... polymers
70 terms
Biology 12 - Organic Chemistry
Carbon, Hydrogen
85
Covalent
Ionic
Organic Chemistry is the study where the principle element is…
__% of all known compounds are organic
Organic compounds have ________ bonds
Inorganic compounds have ______ bonds
Carbon, Hydrogen
Organic Chemistry is the study where the principle element is…
85
__% of all known compounds are organic
45 terms
IB Biology Organic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
valence electron
vitalism
macromolecule
scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions…
an electron in an outer shell of an atom that can be lost to…
early idea that "organics" ... only come from living things,
BIG molecules
Organic Chemistry
scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions…
valence electron
an electron in an outer shell of an atom that can be lost to…
47 terms
biology (organic chemistry)
organic molecules
inorganic molecules
monomer
polymer
any molecule with a carbon to carbon and or carbon to hydroge…
- anything else... - ex: H2O (water)
forms a polymer... - single unit (subunit) that when bonded to…
formed from more than 2 monomers bonded together
organic molecules
any molecule with a carbon to carbon and or carbon to hydroge…
inorganic molecules
- anything else... - ex: H2O (water)
27 terms
Organic chemistry Ap. Biology
Protein folding determine by
saturated
unsaturated
neutral fat
how Many acids interact with water... Substrate
straight
kinks- oils- olive, fish
lipid
Protein folding determine by
how Many acids interact with water... Substrate
saturated
straight
31 terms
Biology - Organic Chemistry and enzymes
Characteristics of Carbon that make it…
Four Major Organic Compounds
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
*Has 4 electrons in its outer shell... *Can form covalent bonds…
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic Acids
Organic compounds that contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.…
The basic units of carbohydrates - examples are glucose and f…
Characteristics of Carbon that make it…
*Has 4 electrons in its outer shell... *Can form covalent bonds…
Four Major Organic Compounds
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic Acids
16 terms
Biology Organic Chemistry
Define macromolecule.
What is an organic compound?
What is a polymer?
What is a monomer?
A large, complex molecule
Any compound that contains the element carbon
Many monomers bonded together.
One single molecule.
Define macromolecule.
A large, complex molecule
What is an organic compound?
Any compound that contains the element carbon
46 terms
HONORS BIOLOGY: ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Saturated
Lactose
Carbohydrate
Hydrolysis
Type of fatty acid; single bonds making them solid at room te…
Milk sugar
*Consists of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; includes polysacch…
*Addition of water molecules... *Used to disassemble polymers in…
Saturated
Type of fatty acid; single bonds making them solid at room te…
Lactose
Milk sugar
19 terms
Biology Keystone Review "Organic Chemistry"
Adhesion
Cohesion
Atom
Concentration
An attraction between molecules of different substances
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
Basic unit of matter
The amount of one material in a certain volume of another mat…
Adhesion
An attraction between molecules of different substances
Cohesion
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
41 terms
AP Biology Organic Chemistry
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
lipid
a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form d…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
organic compound made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a 1:…
organic compound made of carbon, hydrogen & relatively few ox…
monomer
a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form d…
polymer
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
26 terms
Biology Organic Chemistry Flashcards
hydroxyl
carboxyl
carbonyl
phosphate
They are alcohols (methanol, ethanol, glycerol)... They increas…
They are acids (acetic acid [vinegar], formic acid [ant bites…
They are aldehydes (formaldehyde -> Found in exhaust, new fur…
They transfer energy between organic molecules.
hydroxyl
They are alcohols (methanol, ethanol, glycerol)... They increas…
carboxyl
They are acids (acetic acid [vinegar], formic acid [ant bites…
36 terms
Biology - Organic Chemistry
Structural isomers
Optical isomers
Radical
Cohesion
Molecules with the same molecular formula, but different stru…
Molecules that are identical in every way but are mirror images
An atom or group of atoms
The tendency for the same molecules to "stick" together
Structural isomers
Molecules with the same molecular formula, but different stru…
Optical isomers
Molecules that are identical in every way but are mirror images
24 terms
General Biology Organic Chemistry
Organic molecules contain carbon
Organic molecules are organic because…
Inorganic molecules
Hydrocarbons
carbon is the backbone because it can connect to 4 atoms beca…
both hydrogen and carbon
contain hydrogen or carbon, not both
are organic molecules that contain H and C.
Organic molecules contain carbon
carbon is the backbone because it can connect to 4 atoms beca…
Organic molecules are organic because…
both hydrogen and carbon
20 terms
AP Biology- Organic Chemistry
isomers
geometric isomers
structural isomers
sterioisomers or entantiomers
organic molecules that have identical molecular formulas but…
organic molecules that vary in spacial arrangement
organic molecules that vary in covalent arrangement
organic molecules that vary in spacial arrangment around asym…
isomers
organic molecules that have identical molecular formulas but…
geometric isomers
organic molecules that vary in spacial arrangement
75 terms
AP BIOLOGY ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
atomic number
mass number
atomic weight/mass
Composition of atom
protons (which also = electrons)
protons + neutrons in an isotope
average mass of isotopes
protons and neutrons in nucleus, have the same mass. Electron…
atomic number
protons (which also = electrons)
mass number
protons + neutrons in an isotope
45 terms
Biology Organic Chemistry
organic molecules
carbon
hydrogen
oxygen
molecules containing a carbon skeleton that is covalently bon…
four bonds
one bond
two bonds
organic molecules
molecules containing a carbon skeleton that is covalently bon…
carbon
four bonds
67 terms
Organic Chemistry Biology
What is Carbon in relation to Organic…
What are the forms of Carbon?
Carbon makes _____________ molecules
Carbon based molecules are what?
The most important element
Diamond, lead and coal
Large, complex
Organic and alive
What is Carbon in relation to Organic…
The most important element
What are the forms of Carbon?
Diamond, lead and coal
23 terms
Organic Chemistry
Alkane
Alkene
Alkyne
Ketone
Alkane
Alkene
75 terms
Biology: organic chemistry
Versatility of carbon in organic molec…
List the five functional groups
Function of hydroxyl in living organism
Function of aldehyde in a living organ…
Carbon has 4 valence electrons so it has the ability to form…
Hydroxyl, aldehyde (carbonyl), ketone (carbonyl) , carboxyl,…
Considered alcohols/ sugars, make molecules soluble in water…
Simple sugars, carbonyl group
Versatility of carbon in organic molec…
Carbon has 4 valence electrons so it has the ability to form…
List the five functional groups
Hydroxyl, aldehyde (carbonyl), ketone (carbonyl) , carboxyl,…
29 terms
Biology BJU 2B Organic Chemistry
organic compound
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
glucose
compounds that contain covalently boded carbon atoms
are organic compounds that contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
basic units of carbohydrates...simple sugar
a 6-carbon sugar manufactured by plants
organic compound
compounds that contain covalently boded carbon atoms
carbohydrate
are organic compounds that contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
15 terms
Organic Chemistry Biology
Polymers
Dehydrate
Synthesis
C, H
Large organic molecules.
Remove H2O
To build
Organic compounds must contain these elements
Polymers
Large organic molecules.
Dehydrate
Remove H2O
34 terms
Inorganic and Organic Chemistry- Biology
reactants
products
inorganic compound
polar compound
the substance you put in to a chemical reaction; the ingredie…
the substance you get out of a chemical reaction; found on th…
substance that does not contain carbon and/ or is not derived…
a substance that has oppositely charged ends; one side has a…
reactants
the substance you put in to a chemical reaction; the ingredie…
products
the substance you get out of a chemical reaction; found on th…
82 terms
AP Biology Organic Chemistry
organic chemistry
Carbon
vitalism
mechanism
the study of carbon compounds. Most carbon compounds contain…
most versatile element because of its 4 open bonds, naming it…
the belief in a life force outside the jurisdiction of physic…
the view that physical and chemical laws govern all natural p…
organic chemistry
the study of carbon compounds. Most carbon compounds contain…
Carbon
most versatile element because of its 4 open bonds, naming it…
38 terms
Biology - Organic Chemistry
releases energy
absorbs
activation energy
catalyst
When do spontaneous reactions occur? When reaction ______ ___…
If a reaction releases energy, the reverse reaction ______ en…
energy needed to get a reaction started
chemicals that speed up the rate of reaction by lowering acti…
releases energy
When do spontaneous reactions occur? When reaction ______ ___…
absorbs
If a reaction releases energy, the reverse reaction ______ en…
17 terms
Biology: Organic Chemistry (2)
Atom
Element
Electron
Nucleus
a basic unit of matter of incredibly small size, the smallest…
a pure substance that consists of only one type of atom
a negatively charged particle that move in energy shells arou…
the center part of an atom, which contains the protons and ne…
Atom
a basic unit of matter of incredibly small size, the smallest…
Element
a pure substance that consists of only one type of atom
24 terms
Biology Test: Organic Chemistry
4 types of organic compounds
role of each organic compound
functional groups of each
what is an isomer, give an example
protein, carbohydrate, lipid, nucleic acid
protein: receptor, enzymes, disease protection, storage of am…
amino- NH2... hydroxyl- OH... phosphate -PO4... carboxyl- co2h
molecule with the same number of each type of element, but it…
4 types of organic compounds
protein, carbohydrate, lipid, nucleic acid
role of each organic compound
protein: receptor, enzymes, disease protection, storage of am…
24 terms
Biology Organic Chemistry
The single most important element for…
Monomers
Polymer
Polymerzation
Carbon
Smallest individual unit
Larger molecules
The process of turning monomers into polymers (combining mono…
The single most important element for…
Carbon
Monomers
Smallest individual unit
37 terms
Biology - Organic Chemistry B
Which 6 elements make up 99% of all li…
What are the three main types of inorg…
Which hydrocarbon is the most unstable…
Functional group for alcohols
- H: 1... - O: 2... - N: 3... - C: 4... - P: 3... - S: 2
Metal, Minerals, and Glass
Methane
Which 6 elements make up 99% of all li…
- H: 1... - O: 2... - N: 3... - C: 4... - P: 3... - S: 2
What are the three main types of inorg…
Metal, Minerals, and Glass
Biology 2B Organic chemistry
Organic compounds
Biosynthesis
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
Those that contain covalently bonded carbon atoms
The putting together of substances by living things
Organic compounds that contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
Simple sugars
Organic compounds
Those that contain covalently bonded carbon atoms
Biosynthesis
The putting together of substances by living things
13 terms
Organic Chemistry Structure - Biology
Monosaccharides
Disaccharides
Example of a disaccharide
Example of a monosaccharide
Simplest, single monomer; many are in shaped
Two monosaccharides
Sucrose, lactose, maltose
Glucose ... Ribose, deoxyribose
Monosaccharides
Simplest, single monomer; many are in shaped
Disaccharides
Two monosaccharides
12 terms
biology organic chemistry
Hydrogen bonds
universal solvent
cohesion
adhesion
very weak easy to break
water is great at dissolving other polar substances
attractions between like particles
attractions between unlike particles
Hydrogen bonds
very weak easy to break
universal solvent
water is great at dissolving other polar substances
29 terms
Biology: Organic Chemistry
Monomers
Polymers
Carbohydrates
Sugars
The basic building blocks of larger molecules. For example, a…
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers.
Organic compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atom…
they are the monomers of carbohydrates. Usually sweet, and us…
Monomers
The basic building blocks of larger molecules. For example, a…
Polymers
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers.
68 terms
Organic Chemistry - AP Biology
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
lipid
"a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
any organic compound that is made of carbon, hydrogen, and ox…
macromolecules used for energy storage - fats, oils, and waxe…
monomer
"a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form…
polymer
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
Molecular Biology - Organic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
4 important macromolecules in living o…
Carbon
Hydrocarbon
Study of carbon molecules
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
Makes up the backbone of all macromolecules
Molecules that contain hydrogen and carbon
Organic Chemistry
Study of carbon molecules
4 important macromolecules in living o…
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
43 terms
Biology Organic Chemistry
Organic
Importance of Carbon
Organic Molecules
Inorganic Molecules
Carbon-Based
Can bond with up to four different atoms to form chains, ring…
-Always contain carbon bonded to other atoms... -Always covalent…
-Usually contain positive and negative ions... -Usually ionic bo…
Organic
Carbon-Based
Importance of Carbon
Can bond with up to four different atoms to form chains, ring…
39 terms
AP Biology Organic Chemistry
Hydrogen bond
Covalent bond
Ionic bond
First 2 electrons
H-bonding between the hydroxyl groups (-OH) of sugars and the…
a chemical bond consisting of a shared pair of electrons
chemical bond in which the attractive force is the electrical…
s-shaped orbital
Hydrogen bond
H-bonding between the hydroxyl groups (-OH) of sugars and the…
Covalent bond
a chemical bond consisting of a shared pair of electrons
66 terms
IB Biology Organic Chemistry
organic chemistry
Carbon
Majority of the organic molecules are…
Different ways Carbon can differ
the study of carbon compounds. Most carbon compounds contain…
most versatile element because of its 4 open bonds, naming it…
Oxygen, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Carbon, Potassium,
- chain (length of chain)... - branching ... - Double bond position…
organic chemistry
the study of carbon compounds. Most carbon compounds contain…
Carbon
most versatile element because of its 4 open bonds, naming it…
24 terms
Biology- Organic Chemistry
(Carbohydrates) Elements
(Carbohydrates) Basic Unit
(Carbohydrates) Complex Units
(Carbohydrates) Examples
C, H, O2H for every 1 oxygen
1.Monosaccharide =1 sugar, simple sugar... *sweet tasting and... di…
1. Starch... 2. Disaccharide = 2 sugars (Oligosaccharide)... 3. Pol…
1. Glucose... 2. Lactose, sucrose, maltose... 3. Starches, cellulos…
(Carbohydrates) Elements
C, H, O2H for every 1 oxygen
(Carbohydrates) Basic Unit
1.Monosaccharide =1 sugar, simple sugar... *sweet tasting and... di…
43 terms
Biology Organic Chemistry
Organic
Importance of Carbon
Organic Molecules
Inorganic Molecules
Carbon-Based
Can bond with up to four different atoms to form chains, ring…
-Always contain carbon bonded to other atoms... -Always covalent…
-Usually contain positive and negative ions... -Usually ionic bo…
Organic
Carbon-Based
Importance of Carbon
Can bond with up to four different atoms to form chains, ring…
58 terms
Biology- Organic & Inorganic Chemistry
Nucleic Acid
Maltose
Sucrose
Lactose
Hereditary Molecule
Glucose + Glucose
Glucose + Fructose
Glucose + Galactose
Nucleic Acid
Hereditary Molecule
Maltose
Glucose + Glucose
27 terms
Biology Organic Chemistry
What is an Atom?
Protons, neutrons, and eectrons charges
Atoms Structure of N and P
Isotope
smallest stale unit of matter
Positive, neutral, and negative
That the atomic mass subtracted from the protons, determines…
Atoms of an element that have different numbers of neutrons a…
What is an Atom?
smallest stale unit of matter
Protons, neutrons, and eectrons charges
Positive, neutral, and negative
59 terms
Biology Unit 3 - Organic Chemistry
organic
inorganic
Common elements and their bonds
functional group
Molecules containing Carbon (skeleton bonded to hydrogen)
molecules that don't contain carbon
Hydrogen (H) - 1 bond... Oxygen (O) - 2 bonds... Nitrogen (N) - 3 b…
a specific group of atoms that determine the function of a mo…
organic
Molecules containing Carbon (skeleton bonded to hydrogen)
inorganic
molecules that don't contain carbon
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